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The Missionary Visitor 




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Brethren Publishing" House, Elgin, Illinois. 

Entered as second class matter at the postoffice at Elgin, Illinois. 

Contents for January, 1916 



The Mohammedan Boras North of Bombay, By Wilbur B. Stover, .... 4 

Reaching the Indian Women, By Josephine Powell, 5 

The Tramp of the Multitude, By I. S. Long, 8 

The Need of Prayer, By Florence Baker Pittenger, 10 

Our Opportunities, By A. Raymond Cottrell, M. D., 11 

Growth of the Nationalistic Idea in India, By Olive Widdowson, 13 

Mistaken Ideas of Worship, By S. Ira Arnold, . . T 15 

The Best for Christ and His Cause, By Barbara M. Nickey, M. D., 17 

The Women of India and Modern Education, By Al'ce K. Ebey 18 

Ancient India Ideas, By John I. Kaylor 20 

Learning from Others, By B. Mary Royer 22 

A Child Born in a Heathen Home, By Kathren R. Holsopple 23 

Marathi Mission in India, By Anna M. Eby, 24 

And Yet Some Do Not Care, By Laura M. Cottrell, M. D., 26 

Some Medical Experiences, By Adam Ebey, . 27 

Our Experience on the Hills, By Anna Z. Blough, 29 

Conception of God as Held by Aboriginals, By D. J. Lichty, 31 

The Moslem Idea of God, By J. B. Emmert, 32 

Our Growth in Missions, By Galen B. Royer, .35 

China Notes for October, By Rebecca C. Wampler, 36 

A Visit from the Wines, By J. F. Graybill 38 

The Bible Memory and Devotional League, By S. N. McCann 39 

Weekly Prayer Hour, By C. A. Wright, 44 


The Difference, By Mrs. S. Ira Arnold 33 


To Our Prospective Volunteers, By Elgin S. Mover, 41 



The Missionary Visitor 

Volume XVIII JANUARY, 1916 

Number 1 


A Happy New Year to all of our Vis- 
itor readers ! May your happiness 
come from emphasizing in your daily 
life those positive forces which tend to 
your spiritual well-being and develop- 

Clouds in one's life do not necessarily 
mean a loss of happiness. They do not 
even necessarily imply a cessation of 
joy. Some of our most cheerful, joyful 
folks are those whose skies are most 
overcast with what other folks are 
pleased to call clouds. Indeed " clouds " 
is a relative term, interpreted very large- 
ly to mean whatever the heart or men- 
tal condition of the interpreter desires 
it to mean. 

But our hope is that you may look 
beyond these petty annoyances of earth, 
which at their worst are merely surface 
and momentary accidents. Enjoy your 
religion, and act like it. All the great 
things in life are worth while. Have 
your vision focused on the face of Him 
Who always labors, for the well-being 
of His children. 

We hope, too, that in your happiness 
and prosperity you will remember that 
duty to earth's unfortunate ones, which 
our Master has laid upon us. For to 
whom much is given, from them shall 
much be required. 

Can we not during the New Year, as 
workers together, increase the useful- 
ness of the Visitor? Have you a friend 
that should be receiving the paper? 
Why not cooperate with us in getting 

that friend on our subscription list, 
either by your sending us the subscrip- 
price, or just by sending us his 


name so that we can send him a sample 
copy? We will appreciate it, you will 
not be the loser, and your friend's life 
will be blessed by reading the paper. 

\\\\\ >y 

///// r 

It is said that the worst massacre of 
Christians that has taken place in the 
last thousand years is now going on in 
Asiatic Turkey. It seems that the ill- 
fated Armenians are to be exterminat- 
ed. < q; 

Hundreds of thousands of Indians in 
South America have never had the 
Gospel preached to them in any form. 
These constitute a tremendous appeal 
to the Christian church. What will we 
think when we see them in the judg- 
ment day, if they point their finger at 
us and say : " You were our contem- 
poraries. Why did you not tell us the 
good news? " m > 

A mistake occurred in the December 
Visitor which we much regret. The 
article, " The Appalling Problem in 
Persia," should have been credited to the 
excellent missionary magazine, Wom- 
an's Work," and was prepared by the 
editor of that paper instead of by Rev. 
Robert M. Labaree, to whom we gave 
credit. Also we are informed that 
" The Carol Between the Trenches," ap- 
pearing in our Christmas program in 
that issue, was revised from the Chron- 
icle, to which we gave credit, by the ed- 
itor of Woman's Work. We most cheer- 
fully make this mention of this uninten- 
tional omission. 

The Missionary Visitor 


We are always glad when our India 
missionaries speak. They are doing so 
this month and we are happy to turn this 
issue over very largely to them. Indeed 
the editor will not bother you further 
with his usual editorials, but will sur- 
render his editorial columns, in every- 
thing beyond this note, to our good 
brother, A. W. Ross, who has been so 
largely instrumental in gathering to- 
gether the India material which appears 
on these succeeding pages. The editor 
trusts that you will all read all that ap- 
pears in this issue; — then act as the 
Spirit moves you, in helping to save 
these unfortunate peoples. 

and. undenominational. The Hindu 
University will be located at Benares, 
and will emphasize the teaching of the 
Hindu Shastras. 

In the boarding school at Anklesvar 
are about twenty-five boys. See their 
picture in this issue. In a few years 
these will be teachers and leaders to 
their own people. 

The monsoon rains this year have 
been quite irregular, causing great 
anxiety in Western and Northwest In- 
dia. In North Gujerat conditions were 
becoming most serious, both for man 
and beast. Sept. 29 the Gujerat Mis- 
sionary Conference met in one of the 
worst affected areas. The following 
Sunday, Oct. 3, was set as a day for 
prayer for rain. It was midweek. Im- 
mediately following, showers of rain be- 
gan to fall in those parts where for two 
months they had had scarcely a drop 
of rain, and since then heavier rains 
have fallen, bringing great rejoicing and 
relief to the multitudes. In the field 
occupied by our mission abundance of 
rain fell, and rice that would not have 
made the seed will now give a good 
crop. God be praised for His great 
mercy ! 

Recently the Indian Legislature 
passed what is called the Hindu Univer- 
sity Bill. Heretofore all the universi- 
ties in India have been non-residential 

For some years the Moslems have 
been agitating for a Moslem University 
at Alighar, with which all Moslem 
secondary institutions in India would be 
affiliated. Government feared such wide- 
spread influence, and limited affiliation 
to Moslem schools of that province. 
This, together with the war, put a check 
to the movement, but now interest is 
again revived since the Hindu Universi- 
ty Bill has been passed. 

The J. J. Hospital in Bombay was 
founded by a wealthy Parsee. It is open 
to all classes free, and serves great num- 
bers of -people. In it are at this time 
eight Hindu, six Christian, four Beni- 
Israel and three Parsee girls as pro- 
bationer nurses. 


These days there is much discussion 
in the papers about the attempt to pass 
what is called " The Conscience Clause " 
to amend the laws regulating educa- 
tional institutions receiving grant-in-aid. 
The aim is to make it no longer possible 
for any institution to compel students 
to attend religious exercises or instruc- 
tion against their own wishes. It is a 
bold attempt to debar Christian schools 
from giving Bible instruction to non- 
Christians attending their schools. 

Recently Bro. Emmert and his helpers 
sought to gain entrance into the native 
state of Bansda, lying between Bulsar 
and the Dangs. There are 44,000 peo- 
ple in the state, most of them belonging 
to the same classes as are now open to 
Christian teaching at Vyara to the north. 
The king positively refused to allow 
Christian work to be carried on in his 
realm, and a school that had been start- 
ed was forthwith closed by some of his 


The Missionary Visitor 

In a village near Anklesvar, a Mo- 
hammedan attempted to outrage a Chris- 
! tian woman. The Christian teacher 
j there interfered, with the result that the 
Mohammedans became infuriated and 
beat the teacher and a Christian quite 
severely, and also broke down the 
church doors. 

Through a relocation of a shedlike 
building at Bulsar, the school garden has 
been considerably enlarged, and an at- 
tempt is being made to give some in- 
struction and demonstrations in the 
science of agriculture. Like as in the 
earlier days at home, many of the boys 
look on farming as drudgery, and to be 
avoided if possible. It is hoped that 
instruction in the elements of agricul- 
ture will tend to overcome this false 

During the summer a new class was 
started in carpentry. The same set of 
tools is. also being used by a class made 
up of the Bible students. In India, 
where labor is despised, and where even 
carpentry is considered beneath the dig- 
nity of the student, it is encouraging to 
see this move in the right direction. 

Several of us had the pleasure of 
hearing Mr. Sherwood Eddy address 
several audiences at Poona. It was in- 
teresting to see how he accommodated 
himself to the different audiences. In 
speaking to a missionary gathering he 
said that the secret of the marvelous 
results of his evangelistic campaign in 
China was " united prayer and pains." 
He is at present making a tour of 
Southern India, appealing to India stu- 
dents to accept of Christ the Savior. 

In the Dahanu District, recently, a 
Bava or Hindu ascetic appeared. He 

approached the native king of Jawar 
and asked him for $335. The king re- 
fused and ordered him to leave his state. 
The Bava pronounced a curse upon the 
king and proceeded to adjoining British 
territory, where he is now enclosed in 
a dugout, having only small holes for 
ventilators. He told the king that he 
would remain in the cave for forty-eight 
days, and in that time either the king 
would die or he himself would die. The 
Bava is well provisioned, and has re- 
ceived several large gifts of money and 
other things from several. His present 
habitation is near Bro. Ebey's bunga- 

For some months some of our mis- 
sionaries have been away for language 
study. Most of them will be returning 
to their places of work soon. Bro. 
Holsopples will take up work at Umalla 
with Bro. Lichtys. Bro. Kaylors and 
Sister Powell will go to Vada, which 
has been closed for some time. Sister 
Mary B. Royer and Sister Eby will go 
to help in the work at Dahanu. Bro. 
Arnolds will remain at Anklesvar and 
take charge of the compound work, 
Boys' Boarding, Widows' Home and 
industrial work. 

A few months ago a student of the 
Brahmin classes, studying in Wilson 
College for his M. A. degree, became 
Christian. Another, who had been edu- 
cated in a Catholic college, became con- 
vinced that Christian was right. In- 
stead of embracing Roman Catholicism, 
he became a Protestant, much to the 
disgust of the Catholics. 

Bro. Pittenger reports that there are 
more than a dozen people asking to be- 
come Christians. 

The whole hope of human progress is suspended on the ever-growing influence 
of the Bible.— William H. Seward. 

The Missionary Visitor 


The New Village Church Where the Boras Caused a Riot and Beat Several of Our 

Christians, July 31, 1915. 



Wilbur B. Stover. 

AN interesting class of people, with 
whom we have to deal almost 
every day in some way or other, 
are the Boras, a class of Mohammedans 
dwelling in the land. They are farmers, 
they are traders, they are in every sort 
of business that any one else has entered, 
and they know how to drive a bargain. 
The farmers usually have a number of 
aboriginal servants, often held almost 
in a state of slavery, by whom they till 
their fields and reap their crops. Some- 
times a girl child of these aboriginals 
becomes the wife of the son of the mas- 
ter, and from that time she is Moslem, 
and the children are Moslem born. One 
such case exists not far from Anklesvar. 
They are social people, when you 
know them, and their friendship is not 
to be lightly regarded. Often when, in 
past years, we have spent an hour or 
two in some village, preaching, some 
Bora who dwelt there would invite me 
in to have a bit of supper, saying the 
work we are doing must certainly be 
pleasing to God, and that he would be 

glad to have us eat a bit at his house. 
On one occasion, when one of these 
Bora people had been rather mistreating 
a certain one of the aboriginals who had 
become Christian, government had taken 
notice of his behavior, and was making 
an investigation. I was present in the 
court, being interested. The magistrate 
asked me if I knew the case, and when 
I answered in the affirmative, he sug- 
gested that I cross-question the Bora. I 
did so, and the examination continued 
perhaps an hour. The answers were 
wily, and I soon saw that I was not 
wily enough to catch him. But when it 
was over, he at once asked me to come 
with him and have a cup of tea. I 
went, but felt that h,e was outdoing me 
by kindness, for I certainly had enter- 
tained no thought of asking him to have 
tea with me ! 

They are exceedingly clannish. That 
is, they stand by each other in a way 
that is disheartening to those who may 
oppose them. It makes little difference 
if one is guilty of any crime or not guil- 


The Missionary Visitor 

ty, one Bora will stand by another in a 
persistent endeavor to get him free. 
They may not approve the crime, but 
they will uphold each other in the pres- 
ence of non-Mohammedans to the last. 
They are always ready to spread their 
religion. I never heard of one being 
disfellowshiped, though I think I am 
safe in saying that between Anklesvar 
and Bombay some twenty Boras have 
gotten for themselves, while they spent 
some years as traders and shopkeepers 
in South Africa, wives from among the 
Boer people. The bargain usually is 
this : the intending husband promises not 
to beat his wife, nor to interfere with 
her in her religion. The intending wife 
promises not to talk to other men than 
her own husband, and that the children 
may be brought up to be Mohammedans. 
So they marry. She comes to India, to 
find that she is one of several wives. 

Sometimes she resents it and escapes. 
More usually she endures, and good 
European blood becomes injected into 
the next generation of a lot of sturdy 
Mohammedan children ! Several months 
ago one of our mission boys and his 
wife were induced, I hardly know how, 
to become Mohammedans, and now ap- 
pear before u"s at times as if they never 
knew anything else ! 

Some of their elderly women, as well 
as some of their elderly men, have a real 
patriarchal appearance, for which one 
can not but have a kind regard. They 
appreciate firmness when they are found 
in the wrong, but will do everything pos- 
sible to thwart the purposes of one who 
is dealing firmly with them. They have 
a good many rascals among them, but 
as a people when converted to Christ 
they will make splendid Christians in- 
deed. Pray for them. 

ii<Wn i m.jdM 

\ i i 


mm /i*i ^ 

_aWBP^H» ^^" gk \ \ ■ • J^^^, 

Bread Being- Served to the Boarding-.School Boys at the Evening- Meal, 

Anklesvar, India. 


Josephine Powell. 

THE first thing to do in winning an 
Indian woman for Christ is to 
win her friendship. This can 
be done only by showing yourself 
friendly. When you see a woman on 
the street and greet her by asking some 
question, " as is their custom," you show 

to her that you are her friend, or at 
least that you are interested in her. She 
in turn will ask you where you are go- 
ing or what you are going for or some 
similar question. This gives you a 
chance to talk with her a few minutes. 
You are usually in a hurry and she is, 

The Missionary Visitor 


too, so just a few words and you go on 
your way, but you have started a 
friendship which will most likely be 

How to reach the women of India is 
a question that comes very forcibly to 
all missionaries. If you reach the men 
and not the women you have divided 
families. The women are left without 
Christ, and not only that, but they have 
a great influence over their husbands 
and hinder them in their Christian life 
as well. Knowing that the Indian wom- 
en are held in subjection by their hus- 
bands as they are, one would naturally 
think that the women would not have 
very much influence over the men, but 
those who have been in India longer 
than we say it is surprising the influence 
that the women have over the men. As 
my Christian pundit (teacher) put it 
one day in class, " The Indian wife is 
the power behind the throne." 

But how to reach these women for 
Christ is the vital question. In the 
homes there are many opportunities for 
helping them. In fact, we feel that the 
greatest opportunities are in the homes. 
Here you meet them in their daily round 
of duties and can talk with them about 
the things in which they are most in- 
terested—their children, their house- 
keeping, etc. They like to have you in- 
quire about how they do their work. Es- 
pecially do they enjoy it when they see 
it interests you. When you tell them 
that you never saw a hand flour mill un- 
til you came to India the first question 
is, " Well ! how do you grind your flour 
then ? " And when you say it is ground 
in a large mill and we buy it all ready 
for use they can't realize how that can 
be. When you tell them that in our 
country each family has a well of its 
own and does not have to carry water 
as the people of this country do they 
are quite surprised. 

They like for you to inquire about 
their children, but one has to be very 

careful not to tell them their children 
are pretty, or they will say " You have 
' the evil eye/ and therefore something 
will befall the child." Once when I 
had been in India only a short time I 
went out to one of the villages with 
Marylai, the Bible woman. While there 
we saw a woman who had such a beau- 
tiful baby and I told her it was a very- 
pretty child, thinking it would please 
her to know that I thought it was good 
looking. After we started home Mary- 
lai said, " Miss Sahib, you should nev- 
er tell these women their babies are 
pretty." I asked why, and she told me. 
So from that time I tried to be very 
careful when talking to them about their 
children, not to say they were pretty. 
So far as I know they like to have one 
inquire as to baby's name, his age, etc., 
but to say he is pretty hinders one's in- 
fluence with the mother. At the public 
well is another opportunity with the 
women. If you go when only a few 
women are there you can do good, but 
after the crowd has gathered you have 
but little chance to talk with the women 
because of the gossip that is going on, 
for the wells are the gossiping places for 
Indian women. 

One of the greatest opportunities 
among the women is in your own home. 
If you can for a short time entertain 
them in your own home by showing pic- 
tures or fancy work, or talking to them 
on any subject they are interested in, 
you have paved the way for a future 
visit and further opportunity of show-] 
ing the Christ life in your own Christian 
home. The women are not so easily 
won, and so it takes much teaching and 
prayer to bring them to Christ. It is 
not best to speak to them on religion 
until you have first won their friend- 
ship. After they have confidence in you 
they will have more confidence in your; 
message. After you have visited in ani 
Indian home several times and have 
won the women as your friends, you can 


The Missionary Visitor 

begin your Bible teaching with the hope 
of good results ; whereas, if you had be- 
gun teaching before the friendship was 
formed they would feel that you came 
to their homes only to preach at them, 
and your effort would be lost. 

They enjoy pictures, so we use the 
picture rolls in our work occasionally. 
One holds the picture while another 
tells the Bible story. We also give the 
smaller pictures to the children. This 
is an opportunity for the people at home 
to help by sending us pictures to give to 

Another way to win the women is to 
visit them when they have sick ones. In 
fact, when we go into a village in which 
we have been a number of times, and 
there are sick ones in the village, there 
is where we must go first, for they 
come and request us to go to a certain 
house where so and so is sick. After 
we visit them and send some one of the 
family to the bungalow or government 
dispensary for medicine, and a closer 
friendship has been formed by so doing, 
we can go on with our visiting and 
teaching more effectually. One time, 
while in a home where was a sick wom- 
an, she asked me how it was that I came 
to see her so often while she was sick. 
I told her we always do that when we 
have sick neighbors. She looked at me 

so gratefully for the visit, and then 
with a sorrowful look, said, " But our 
people don't do that way." Sometimes 
you can win a woman's friendship by 
a small gift. It need not be anything 
expensive, but just some little garment 
for her child or for herself. 

In some districts there are many dif- 
ficulties in the way when we first go to 
a village. I will give only one instance. 
One day when we went to a village for 
the first time the women ran into their 
houses and closed the doors tight. They 
were afraid of us. They had never 
seen a white woman before. The Bible 
woman began to talk to them through 
the closed doors, and assured them we 
did not intend any harm to them, so one 
by one they came out until we had a 
small audience. We visited them for a 
little while, and then Marylai told them 
a short Bible story and we went on our 
way, having aimed only to make friends 
with them to prepare the way for a fu- 
ture visit. 

The one thing that is hardest for a 
new missionary to learn is to wait ,for 
the opportune time to teach the gospel 
story, but it is something we must all 
learn, for if we try to teach before we 
have their good will our effort is not 
only lost for that time, but we close the 
door for future teaching. 

The Prayer Before the Meal, Boarding-School Boys, Anfclesvar, India. 

The Missionary Visitor 



I. S. Long. 

THERE are many millions in India, the name of Jesus will be the oftenest 

They are dark-skinned and poor, on the lips of, and sweetest name to, 

and ignorant of most thing's, but this great host of upperclass Indians, 

worst of all ignorant of our blessed Lecturers of Mr. Sherwood Eddy's type 

Lord and His saving grace. I fancied are getting very hopeful hearings in all 

before coming to India that they are the colleges of India, 

really anxious to hear us and accept our Second, if as we ought, we turn to the 

message. Not that exactly, but every "submerged tenth," we find that al- 

year finds them more willing, and finds ready, in at least five large areas, mass 

not a few really anxious, to accept the movements toward Christianity have 

Glad Tidings brought from the West. '■ been or are now on. A few years ago 

First, it is fair to say that the upper several of us had the rare privilege of 

classes are fast being educated, there be- seeing the fruits of the large movement 

ing 33,000 in the several colleges of In- among the Telugus, north of Madras, 

dia, arts and technical combined. These and as large a movement among the 

students are yearly more and more ac- Tamils of the extreme southern part of 

cessible, more ready to listen to the Bible India. At present, in North India, 

read and to straight gospel preaching, there is a tremendous turning to Christ 

Among them caste is rapidly losing its among several castes. For instance, the 

power, and in its stead a feeling of Methodists of India write, in summary 

brotherhood, of oneness, is growing. A as follows: 

spirit of helpfulness, reaching out to i. Baptized by our church last 

others o>f different, even low, castes, the year, 35,000 

spirit of social service, after the pattern 2 - Turned awa ^ b ^ our church last , nnm 

K nu ' 4.- ' 'A, * i ••'■■ * ^ ear ' 40 ' 000 

of Christians, is rapidly taking root. 3. Waiting _ enquirers who have 

Amongst these, various reform move- waited in vain, 150,000 

ments have in recent years sprung up. 4 - ^IX^mlt l! . t0 . .^ 1,000,000 

. For years their words and the phrasing 5. Total number of said commun- 

of their speeches and writings have been *ty, untouchables, 50,000,000 

distinctly Christian. It is easy to be- Would you know why the 40,000 were 
lieve that their thoughts and ideas are turned away, and why the 150,000 are 
more and more decidedly Christian, waiting in vain, for teaching, though 
Many of these educated classes do not wanting to unite with the church? In 
have a clear view of God, we admit ; but two words comes the answer : the lack of 
it seems to me I never finish telling the teachers to prepare that throng for 
Christian view that they do not at once baptism and of shepherds to care for 
reply, " That is exactly my thought of them, once in the fold. It is history re- 
God." The missionary propaganda and peating itself the fifth time, in India 
science as taught in the colleges are to- mission effort. One goes so far as to 
gether fast breaking down the old and say, " Our success is almost our undo- 
making way for the new. That " new " ing." Missionaries and their Indian 
ought to be the best the West has to of- staff are overwhelmed in the opportu- 
fer the East, coupled with the truth in nity. Each Indian helper is assigned of 
Jesus as Divine and only Savior. I necessity from ten to thirty villages of 
don't think it will be a half century till Christians to shepherd. And, remark- 


The Missionary Visitor 

able to write, they report 15,000 bap- 
tisms last year in a district where there 
are only two Methodist missionaries. 
Certainly they cry for more missionaries 
to come ; but even a louder cry is for 
more Indian workers, and especially for 
strong native leaders. 

In brief, the two extremes, the high 
and the low, the educated and the un- 
educated, have been put before you just 
as they are. Let us turn in the third 
instance to our own field. In the ter- 
ritory for which rightly or wrongly the 
Brethren Church has made herself re- 
sponsible, there are in round numbers 
700,000 people who may rightly be 
called " reachables." This takes it for 
granted that the other four or five hun- 
dred thousand are relatively hard to 
reach at present. 

Of these who are accessible, the large 
majority are almost wholly illiterate. 
They do not know the value of school- 
ing, so are not anxious for it. Here in 
Vyara County, for instance, there would 
be few schools, were education not com- 
pulsory. Yet, as a matter of fact, as a 
mission we may open all the schools we 
have teachers for, and many besides. 
We are thus creating the desire for 
schooling; besides, we may reasonably 
hope that the large majority of the chil- 
dren taught will be most kindly disposed 
toward, even if they do not themselves 
become, Christians. 

And, I believe I should say " unfor- 
tunately," these backward classes among 
us have usually been without gurus till 
the present. That is, unlike other 
classes, religious teachers have gone in 
and out among them very little. Hence, 
they have been untaught, though living in 
the most religious country in the world. 
How do we find them, therefore? Dull, 
both mentally and spiritually. The chil- 
dren in school are duller than higher 
castes, and the parents, while not " slow 
of heart to believe," are certainly dull 
of comprehension. Not anxious, I re- 

peat (for I would be fair to our home 
constituency), but more and more will- 
ing to receive us and our Christ with the 
advancing years. I ought to add yet 
that nearly all of these reachables are 
poor, being servants of others. Perhaps 
one or two hundred thousand are small 
land owners, being, therefore, measur- 
ably independent. 

Having the two sections, the educated 
and the large host of " untouchables," in 
view, what should we expect for our 
field, you think? What do the signs in- 
dicated above lead us to? Ought we 
not to expect great blessing in the near 
future? Mr. Sherwood Eddy says, 
" Within a decade probably all India 
will be wide open for large ingather- 
ings." Before coming to India I saw 
in fancy and dream India's millions go- 
ing down to Christless graves. Since 
here, we find ourselves able to reach thus 
far so very few, and we are forced to 
see them die without the Christ we have 
brought to them. Therefore our hearts 
are sad and burdened. But there is 
hope. What if some do not believe? 
Many do believe. By patient labor in 
the preached Word, in the village 
schools, and in the distribution of re- 
ligious literature, I am trusting our God 
for large results within a few years. 

Mass movements in other parts of 
India have been for the most part among 
certain castes, where the movement has 
been tribal. That is, caste, which is 
usually regarded the greatest barrier to 
Christianity, turns out to be a great ally 
in the work. Our work in the north is 
well started among the Bhils ; in the cen- 
tral part among backward classes called 
" Kali Parej," and in the south the 
Varlies are open and reachable. If these 
three classes really once wake up, if 
self consciousness really asserts itself 
and they desire to rise in the social 
scale, as they surely will sooner or later, 
they dare not turn to Hinduism, which 
has kept them down for millenniums. 


The Missionary Visitor 


No, they will turn instinctively to us and 
our Christ Who never cast out one that 
gave his heart to Him. So we have the 
tribal conditions necessary for mass 
movement. Shall we not try to bring it 
about by believing prayer and corres- 
ponding effort? 

The writer is living in the hope of a 
great future, and feels himself, through 
the village work and more through the 
instrumentality of the boarding schools, 
as getting ready to meet great hosts as 

they may press into the church. With 
such a hope life is worth living. I'd 
rather believe and be disappointed than 
not to believe. I long to see Pentecost 
over again, as has been realized else- 
where in many parts of India. By all 
means, God will do> more for us, mani- 
fold more, in the next score of years, in 
actual results, than He has in the last 
twenty. His will be the glory if we 
only believe ; but " if ye will not believe, 
surely ye shall not be established." 

Road Tlxrough the Bamboo Jungle in West Bang's. 


Florence Baker Pittenger. 

SO much has been said and written 
and is being said and written on 
this most important subject, that 
surely we are all convinced that prayer 
is the church's greatest medium of 
strength and power. The Bible plainly 
teaches us the importance of. prayer. Our 
Perfect Example, the Lord Jesus, has 
shown us that life is worth while only 
to the extent that we live the prayer 

All His great victories and achieve- 
ments were won first in and through 
prayer before He presented them to the 

When as a child I read how Mary and 
Martha had called the Master when 

their brother was sick, it seemed to me 
He should have gone at once, or at least 
spoken the word to make Lazarus well, 
and thus saved the sisters from the sor- 
row of an only brother's death. But 
Jesus knew the better way. He took 
time to find out the Father's will, and 
how to proceed that most good would 
be accomplished. It took time to pray, 
and in the meantime Lazarus died. But 
Jesus was gaining the victory over death 
in prayer. When He arrived on the 
scene the work was easy. The victory 
was already won. " Father, I thank 
Thee that Thou hearest me." I fancy 
had we been in similar circumstances 
we would have rushed off without even 


The Missionary Visitor 


thinking of praying. What a rebuke to 
our fussy, bustling, hurrying life that 
finds no time to pray ! 

The poor widowed mother was sit- 
ting weeping in her hovel, with her 
fatherless brood about her. The chil- 
dren were saddened to see mother cry- 
ing. One of the tiniest tots looked up, 
saying: " Mother, is God dead? " 

"Why ask such a question, child?" 

" Well, if He isn't dead then let's ask 
Him for what we need instead of cry- 

What a sermon on believing prayer ! 

Would we be surprised if the world 
should say to us (God's children), "Is 
God dead?" In place of weeping over 
our failures and trying to overcome 
them in our own strength, why not ask 
the Lord for what we need? Surely, if 
ever there was a time when prayer was • 
needed it is now during this awful world 
crisis. Do not the soldiers on the battle 
line put us to shame? By the hundreds 
of thousands they pour out their life 
blood at the call of their king. Our 
glorious King has been calling through 
these centuries, " Pray ye the Lord of 

the harvest." " Ask and ye shall re- 
ceive." And yet we have been merely 
playing about the shores of the fountain. 
We have not plunged into the stream of 
power. Real and prevailing prayer costs 
life blood. Are we giving it? 

Ah, the Master prayed until great 
drops of blood stood on His brow. How 
often do we pray with enough zeal and 
earnestness to make even drops of 
water stand on our brow? 

One of the great modern soul winners 
was visiting with friends. He went to 
his chamber, and after some time his 
hostess heard groans and moans of 
anguish. Thinking her guest was ill she 
rushed to the room, to find the great 
soul prostrated on the floor, travailing 
in prayer for a lost world. 

Some one has said : " Prayer is the 
power which moves the hand which 
moves the world." 

'Tis the blessed hour of prayer, 

When the Savior draws near, 
With a tender compassion 

His children to hear; 
When He tells us we may cast 

At His feet every care 
What a balm for the weary! 

Oh how sweet to be there! " 


A. Raymond Cottrell, M. D. 

THE opportunities for Christian 
work in the Indian mission field 
can only be adequately expressed 
by the word BOUNDLESS. God has 
given different gifts to different men, 
but there is no talent which God has 
given to His children which is not 
needed right here in this field. Whether 
you have been given one talent or sev- 
eral, you will find here manifold oppor- 
tunities to use all your gifts to the fullest 

Has God given you a ready tongue to 
speak His word? In our own territory 
in India there are thousands who have 
never heard an evangelist speak the 

name of Christ. Hundreds go to Christ- 
less graves every month who have never 
been told the story of God's love. The 
gospel story is to be told to all peoples. 
Is not this an opportunity? 

Perhaps you are a teacher. Good ! I 
think the most urgent need we have at 
present is the need of good Bible teach- 
ers. The church can never hope to send 
enough Americans to India to evangelize 
this country; it must be done through 
native workers. These must be given 
biblical training. The Bible Teachers' 
Training School at Bulsar is doing all 
it can to train our native workers. But 
our present staff of missionaries is 


The Missionary Visitor 


crowded to the breaking point with 
work. The one in charge of the Bible 
School has worked beyond his endur- 
ance and must stop for a time. This 
means a delay in getting workers out in- 
to the villages and districts; a delay in 
getting the Word of God to those who 
know not Christ. In the meanwhile 
some of those people will die and go to 
eternity without God. Now then, you 
who have Bible training and to whom 
God has given a talent for teaching, is 
not this a most glorious opportunity for 
you? My brother, I know of no place 
in all the schools of our church in 
America which even remotely approxi- 
mates this opportunity to use your tal- 
ents in the cause of God. Do, you? 

Perhaps you think Bible teachers are 
the only kind we need. Oh, no. There 
is one section of our field which has an 
area of some seven hundred square miles 
and a population of more than thirty 
thousand. Did you know that before 
our mission began work there was not 
a single native in all that region who 
could read or write? Does such a con- 
dition appeal to you as an opportunity 
or not? 

Maybe you say that your talent is 
along agricultural lines. If you are an 
up-to-date farmer and an earnest Chris- 
tian worker we need you right here. I 
was born on an Indiana farm and have 
been from the Pacific to the Atlantic 
coast, so I know what American farm- 
ing means. I have never seen or heard 
of a place where the farmers work so 
hard and get so> little in return as here 
in India. Why is this so? Largely be- 
cause of lack of knowledge and use of 
primitive methods. Here is your chance 
to show them better methods of farming 
as well as the way to heaven. If you 
wish to know more of this particular 
opportunity read the article entitled, 
" The Gospel of the Plow in India," as 
given in the August number of the 
Missonary Visitor. 

My own line of work is medical. Now 
there are hundreds of thousands of peo- 
ple in our India mission field who are 
absolutely without competent medical 
aid. In the large cities on the railroad 
there are a few doctors, but more than 
ninety per cent of the people live out 
through the country in small villages. 
Very, very few of these people ever 
have medical aid, no matter how urgent 
the need. Why? Simply because there 
are no doctors to be had. Our territory 
is some two hundred miles long and 
about half as wide, and there are only 
three medical missionaries in all this 
field ! Any opportunities to do medical 
work? The very first month we could 
see patients there were more than six 
hundred calls for medicine. At one of 
our stations more than a thousand treat- 
ments a month are given out, and that 
missionary is not even a doctor. And 
even this reaches but a very small frac- 
tion of the needy multitudes. 

We have an area of some ten thou- 
sand square miles in densely-populated 
India, and there is not a mission hospital 
in the whole area! An opportunity? 
Verily so. And then we need qualified, 
consecrated nurses to assist us in this 
great work of healing body and soul. 
Will you come? Won't you help build 
a hospital in this needy field? 

Some sections of our field are open to 
all lines of missionary work, but some 
areas are closed. They refuse to let us 
come in as missionaries. Here is an op- 
portunity for the medical worker. 
Many times they will permit us to heal 
their bodies when they will not tolerate 
any other line of Christian work. Win 
their hearts by healing their bodies, and 
later we may also tell them of the Great 
Physician, Who is able to heal both body 
and soul. Then the door may open to 
the teacher and evangelist. Worth try- 
ing for the sake of priceless souls, is 
it not? There is much more that I fain 
would write, but space forbids. Here 


The Missionary Visitor 


in our own India mission field there are 
many, many opportunities. Glorious 
ones, tremendous ones, urgent ones. 
Will you come and help? If that is 
impossible, than give of your silver and 
gold, that these people of India may be 

won to Christ. Truly, the harvest is 
ripe. Pray the Lord of the harvest that 
He will thrust forth laborers into the 
harvest, and then help to answer your 

Bulsar, India. 

The New Bungalow at Bulsar. Home of Brother and Sister J. M. Bloug"h and 
Sister Ida C. Sliumaker. 



Olive Widdowson. n 

INDIA is composed of native states, 
under the rule of native kings, and 
several provinces under the direct 
:ontrol of the English Government. Her 
people, when left to themselves, have 
lever been able to unite under any one 
iorm of government, but under the di- 
rect supervision of England they are en- 
oying freedom from petty rebellions 
ind wars which were quite the usual 
hing before England's occupation of the 

There are many factors now at work 
n India which tend to unite these di- 

visions, such as intertrade, interchange 
of thought, and a religion which tends 
to unite in one brotherhood its ad- 
herents. The great rivers and canals 
form waterways of much importance. 
India's postal service is said to be 
second to none in the world for effi- 
ciency and cheapness, and the inland 
telegraphic system is good. 

Under English rule the growth of 
railroads has been very rapid. You are 
surprised at the amount of traveling 
done, even by the poor. Seated side by 
side are the low and high caste. Some- 


The Missionary Visitor 


times on entering a car a high-caste 
woman will draw her clothing nearer, 
that it may not touch you and thus she 
be defiled, but that is not a common oc- 
currence. Many Indians each year go 
to England, and .their caste ideas are 
much modified by rubbing up against 
English customs, by study, and by ex- 
periences while there. You read in In- 
dian papers of social gatherings and ed- 
ucational conventions where caste dis- 
tinctions are not properly kept. More 
and more the people of one language or 
dialect are better able to understand 
those of another, and a large number are 
getting a usable knowledge of English. 
A common means of exchange of 
thought will prove an incentive to a na- 
tional literature. The poet Rabin 
Dranath Tagore is of reputation, not 
only in India, but is becoming known in 
other countries. 

The educational situation in India 
is very promising. The Blue Book on 
Indian education, just out, states that in 
1910 there were about six million per- 
sons in all educational institutions in In- 
dia; in 1914 seven and one-half million. 
People of administrative and executive 
ability are being developed. In the life 
of Lilavati Singh, who became vice- 
principal of Thoburn College, the state- 
ment is made : " In this work she showed 
great executive ability." With Christian 
education, light and freedom are coming. 
It is encouraging to see many supersti- 
tions disappear before the light of 

truth as dew at the coming of the sun. 
Slowly many Hindu beliefs are being 
discarded. In an Indian paper you 
read : " That a belief in the infallibility 
of the Vadas is not indispensable for 
those who would call themselves Hindus 
is shown by the fact that the Hindu 
University is prepared to make provision 
for the religious training of Sikh and 
Jain boys." Different castes and boys 
from different parts of India are being 
trained side by side. This means an 
intermingling of thought and customs, 
which will assist in bringing into sym- 
pathetic relations and reconciling to each 
other India's millions. 

All these forces are at work, slowly 
breaking down the terrible caste feeling 
and uniting factions ; but as yet it is hard 
for the Indian in power to administer 
justice in the face of a bribe or, when he 
is likely to incur the ill will of others of 
rank and influence, to give justice. Re- 
ligion and caste feeling color his de- 
cisions. Many Indians are naturally 
getting the vision of their country as 
finally a united India, governed by her 
own people. As an Indian writes con- 
cerning the end of the present war: 
" In that day of ultimate triumph and 
everlasting victory, Mother India shall 
get Swaraj, her much-coveted home 
rule." But the welding of these many 
different peoples into one, which can be 
entrusted with self-government, means 
yet long years of hard, efficient, unself- 
ish work. 

The dove, let loose in eastern skies, 

When hasting fondly home, 

Stoops not to earth her wing, nor flies 

Where idle warblers roam, 

But high she soars through air and light 

Above all low delay, 

When nothing earthly stays her flight, 

Nor plouds bedim her way. 

So grant me, Lord, from every care 
And strife of passion free, 
Aloft through virtue's purer air 
To hold my course to Thee. 
No cloud to dim, no clog to stay 
My soul as home she springs; 
Thy sunshine on her glorious way; 
Thy freedom on her wings," 


The Missionary Visitor 


The New Church, Vali, India, Bro. Lichty's Station. Rainy Weather Prevented 

a Large Attendance. 


S. Ira Arnold. 

ON Sunday morning, as we were 
getting ready for Sunday-school, 
a weird noise was heard in the 
listance. We supposed it to be 
i funeral procession on its way to the 
turning grounds by the riverside. Soon 
here appeared in the road a procession 
)f men walking rapidly and calling out 
is they went. In the center were four 
persons wearing what seemed to be 
sheaves of green grass on their heads. 
The absence of a bier told us that it was 
lot a funeral, but perhaps a wedding 
march. But we were mistaken again. 
We were informed that the sheaflike 
Dbjects were gods. The monsoon is 
now over, so what use have they for 
rain gods? They are taken and thrown 
into the Narbada River, three miles 
north of Anklesvar. This is one of the 
false ideas in India. 

In the article by Virsingh Vahaljib- 
hai, in the Missionary Visitor for 
April, 1915, page 137, you will remem- 

ber that high-school students threw 
gifts into these sacred rivers to assure 
their success in college entrance exam- 
ination. This is another of the mistaken 
ideas in the worship of the supposed-to- 
be thirty-three million gods in India. 

Mistaken ideas of worship have not 
been confined to the Hindus ; we may 
safely say that the people of no religion 
have been free from erroneous ideas. 
The Founder of the true religion has 
incorporated therein no false principles, 
but His professors have erred many 
times, mistaking the means for the end, 
worshiping the created thing instead of 
the Creator. 

Shall we worship in Jerusalem, or in 
this mountain? The woman at the well 
had little idea of worship in spirit and 
in truth ; and many Christians have their 
worship associated with or confined 
within the walls of the little brown 
churchhouse in the vale. 

Next Sunday the new church at Vali 


The Missionary Visitor 


is to be dedicated to the Lord's use. 
Bro. Stover is to preach the dedicatory 
sermon. Newly-built churches are 
usually dedicated. This is right and 
proper. Many congregations that have 
grown cold might be much profited by 
rededicating their old building, with 
their own lives to the service of God. But 
the dedication of the members is of far 
more importance than the dedication of 
the house in which they worship. The 
house can not be benefited by such serv- 
ice; but the people may be. Many peo- 
ple riiay consider the house more sacred 
after it is dedicated, but this we con- 
sider a mistaken idea. 

What church has remained for a con- 
siderable length of time without dedi- 
cation? Again, who ever heard of a 
barn, storehouse, modern residence or a 
factory being dedicated with public cer- 
emony to the service of Jehovah? Far 
too many are dedicated to self in- 
terests instead. The Jew gave his 
tenth, but it is equally essential with us, 
as with the rich young ruler, that we 
place our all at the Lord's own dispo- 
sition. If we are faithful stewards it 
may yet be entrusted to our care, but 
the consecration should be no less com- 
plete. Then why not, dear brother, 
when your new barn is completed, in- 
vite your congregation and neighbors, 
and have your building dedicated with 
public ceremony to the Lord's use ? 
Would your barn seem any more 
sacred ? Would the fat cattle low to His 
glory? Would the pigs squeal and the 

chickens cackle in the loft more to His 
glory if your barn were dedicated? 
Would the memories of that service be 
a reminder that these goods are the 
Lord's, entrusted to your care? If so, 
such ceremony would be immensely 
worth while; if so, such practice could 
be no mistaken idea. Your barn should 
be as sacred as your church. Both are 
the Lord's and should be used only for 
His glory. 

" Will a man rob God ? yet ye rob Me. 
But ye say, Wherein have we robbed 
Thee? In tithes and offerings. Ye are 
cursed with a curse : for ye rob Me, 
even this whole nation." 

A brother who had agreed to give 
one-twentieth, finding that he must give 
several hundred dollars to the Lord, felt 
that he himself was being robbed. The 
written contract was hastily torn to 
shreds and the Lord received from a 
Christian less than half what a good 
Jew would have given. To feel that we 
are blest by withholding the Lord's 
dues is a very much mistaken idea. Let 
us give our tenth plus offerings, lest we 
bring the curse upon us by robbing God. 

In short, we may say that anything 
less than full consecration, and any- 
thing detracting from worship in spirit 
and in truth is a mistaken idea in the 
worship and service of Jehovah. God is 
no Respecter of persons. The Hindu is 
guilty, the Mohammedan is at fault, but 
the name, " Christianity," excuses no 
erroneous ideas in the worship of the 
true God. 

Once when Frances E. Willard was delivering an address she compared the work 
of temperance societies to the dykes of Holland. After her address a sailor boy went 
up to her and said: "Miss, I'm nothing in the world but a cobblestone, but put me 
in the wall anywhere and I'll stick." This reminds us of One Who " took upon Him 
the form of a servant, . . . humbled Himself, , . . and became obedient unto death, 
even the death of the cross." Oh, for more of this unselfish cobblestone Christian- 


The Missionary Visitor 



Barbara M. Nickey, M. D. 

THE present world crisis in re- 
ligious thought makes it impera- 
tive that the followers of our 
Lord should use the most tactful policy, 
their most effective methods in present- 
ing Christ as the great need of the in- 
dividual, of the home and family, of 
social life and of the nation. 

The duty of preaching the Gospel of 
Christ, which is the power of God unto 
salvation, the duty of every follower of 
the Savior of the world to witness for 
Him by word and life we need not dis- 

The opportunity of presenting Christ 
to all nations has perhaps never been so 
great. The open-mindedness, the seek- 
ing after truth and religious standards 
that shall give firm foundation to in- 
dividual and national life, has perhaps 
never been so widespread as at the pres- 
ent time. Social and religious reform 
in heathen countries, especially the East, 
has received a new impetus. They are 
going after something to fill their needs. 
They are going to get something. It 
depends on the Christian Church as to 
what they will get. 

Modern colleges and universities are 
being established. Western education 
is becoming more prominent. Young 
men and women from many classes are 
entering the institutions of higher learn- 
ing. Men enthusiastic for the future of 
their country, of their class, go to 
Western countries to study the move- 
ments of education, social reform, econ- 
omics and industry, and governmental 
problems, that they may come back and 
adapt them to their own people. They 
are the leaders of thought among their 
people. Sad to say they do not come 
into possession of the saving knowledge 
of Christ. It is up to us to bring it 
directly to the people. 

The problem of evangelizing the 
world does not involve only telling the 
glad tidings and baptizing believers. In 
the great commission our Savior said 
' Go, preach, baptize, teach " It is 
that last part of the work that requires 
breadth of vision, every reserve of 
knowledge and ability the worker has. 

The larger part of mission work in 
non-Christian lands is among the back- 
ward classes. They are in the vast ma- 
jority and are more accessible. Given: 
A community of people who are ig- 
norant, mentally dull, whose conception 
of moral and religious life has been dis- 
torted for generations past by a religion 
that does not uplift; little knowledge of 
love and purity; a home life which 
means only a place to live and propagate 
the race, filth, poverty, often cruelty. 
Required to develop: Intelligent appre- 
ciation of a true loving God; conscious- 
ness of and sensitiveness to sin; true 
idea of relation to God and their fellow- 
men ; ideas of purity and honesty ; well- 
directed industry and education, result- 
ing in cleanliness, economy, better home 
conditions, more healthful bodies and 
minds; development of natural re- 

Is it a possibility? It has been done 
in a number of communities of India, 
China, Japan, Korea, Africa and where- 
ever the message of the liberty of the 
Gospel has gone. It could be redupli- 
cated many times if the church of 
Christ were awake to her responsibili- 
ty and opportunity. 

The immensity of the work, the in- 
clusiveness of it, must present itself to 
us. It includes every phase of the in- 
dividual and social life. Perhaps there 
is no place that offers such large oppor- 
tunity of using every faculty the man 
or woman of thorough consecration and 


The Missionary Visitor 


broad education has developed, and such 
large results in the transformation of 
lives as can be found on the foreign 

It is an inspiration to see a competent 
young Christian teacher or Sunday- 
school superintendent using modern 
pedagogical methods in a manner and 
with results that any one in the home- 
land might be proud of, who has come 
from the same idolatrous, jungly life as 
those latest arrivals at the boarding- 
school. Or to compare the face, home 
and family of a true Christian woman 
with that of her sister who has never 
felt tVie transforming power of God in 
her life. 

Not every one who hears becomes so 
changed. There are some who do not 
respond at all ; some whose response is 
small, just as at home. But the result, 

comparing the former life, opportunity 
and environment here with that at home 
is much more marked. 

Did the choice and strength of the 
nations now at war consider their lives 
worth more than their country's de 
fense? I am told that the best young 
men of the country, those from colleges 
and universities, from the best homes,! 
with hearts aflame with loyalty to their 
country, were among the first to enlist.] 
If the choice and strength of the church 
would respond as loyally to the Master's 
call for soldiers to advance His king- 
dom, what victory there would be! 

Is the call of the Prince of Peace to 
spread His cause worth anything less | 
than the best the church can give, the 
best the parents can give, the very best 
and every talent the Lord of harvest has 
given you for His use, not yours ? 


Alice K. Ebey. 

A HUNDRED years ago only one in 
a hundred thousand of all the 
women in India could read. It 
was generally believed by Indians that 
women had neither brains nor capacity 
to learn. Purdah, child-marriage, per- 
petual widowhood — in fact, everything 
social and religious barred girls and 
women from even the rudiments of 
learning. Shut away within the purdah 
walls, bound with chains of ignorance 
and superstition, it is little wonder that 
the women were slow and timid at first. 
They loved darkness rather than light, 
because they knew nothing of the free- 
dom and joy that knowledge might 
bring to them. 

Missionaries were the first to unlock 
these iron gates of prejudice. All along 
they have been the chief promoters of 
female education. To Mrs. Hannah 
Marshman belongs the honor of estab- 

lishing the first school for girls in 1807. 
When one of the early missionaries of 
Ahmednagar asked the mamlatdar 
(mayor) of the city for privilege to 
teach his daughter, he replied : " Madam, 
take my female donkey, which is tied in 
my back yard, and when you have 
given her an education, come back to 
teach my daughter." This is an index 
of the opinion held by Indians in regard 
to the mental capacity of their own sis- 
ters and daughters. It also hints at 
some of the difficulties missionaries had 
to overcome. 

But missionary women of these early 
years knew no defeat. The Lord had 
sent them to bring light to their sisters 
who had long been sitting in darkness. 
The walls of prejudice seemed impreg- 
nable, but they knew that impregnable 
walls would give way to those who 
came in the Spirit and power of the true 


The Missionary Visitor 


God. They laid hold of every oppor- 
tunity. Defeat never daunted them. 
Burning with the one desire to win these 
women for Christ, they searched 
through alleys and byways and saw in 
one half-clad, dirty girl the possibility of ■ 
a coming Indian teacher for girls and 
women. A book might be written con- 
cerning these early efforts to educate a 
few of India's women. 

These efforts have been crowned with 
success beyond the highest hopes of the 
most enthusiastic workers. Prejudice 
gave way, zenana doors flew open, caste 
customs weakened, until the mission 
problem became how to supply teachers 
rather than how to reach the women. 
The census of 1912 reports seven lit- 
erate women in every thousand. At 
present over a million women in India 
can read. A hundred years ago there 
were fewer than two thousand. There 
are two Christian colleges for women — 
the Isabella Thoburn College at Luck- 
now, in North India, and the Sarah 
Tucker College in Palamcottah, South 
India. There are many mission high 
schools, some with college classes. In- 
dian universities are open to women, 
and a few women, mostly Christian, 
have entered in spite of public disap- 
proval. There are thousands of inter- 
mediate and primary schools, and each 
year more and more of India's girls 
enter the halls of learning. The medical 
profession attracts a number of India's 
brightest women. Government is seek- 
ing every way to advance the cause of 
education, and offers special induce- 
ments to get girls in school. Hindu re- 
formers, following the example of 
Christian missionaries, are establishing 
schools for girls. 

We praise God for this remarkable 
progress. But the goal is still far ahead. 
There are about 149,000,000 illiterate 
women in India today. Great difficul- 

ties must still be overcome. Little open 
opposition is made in these days, but 
the unconcern and apathy, especially 
among depressed classes, is almost as 
great an obstacle. Caste rules and early 
marriage cause most girls to leave school 
at about the age of ten ; hence, the pro- 
motion of higher education is exceed- 
ingly difficult. Let us buckle on the 
armor of light and press forward in the 
fight against sin and ignorance. Many 
sainted women have gladly laid down 
their lives for this cause. Let other 
brave workers of the Lord, supported 
by the prayers and gifts of God's people 
in the homeland, carry forward this 
great work until every woman in India 
shall be brought out of the night of ig- 
norance into the light and knowledge of 
our Lord and Savior. 

Idols by the Wayside. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Boarding-School Boys at Ahwa. 


John I. Kay lor. 

IN the times that Moses was learning 
the arts of Egypt, and on to the time 
that David was watching his sheep 
on the hills of Palestine, the Aryan 
peoples were coming into North India 
and spreading their influence, education, 
and civilization, among the aborigines. 
At first these people worshiped the sun, 
moon, sky, dawn, wind, and fire. To 
get a hearing with these gods they 
prayed by charms, and made rude sac- 
rifices of food and drink placed on the 
ground for the gods to partake of. All 
these acts required knowledge, so the 
learned class gradually became the 
[priests. They also worshiped departed 
j ancestors, whom they thought to be the 
care-takers of the family, so they pro- 
vided sustenance for them to keep their 
favor. Their acts of sacrifice and wor- 
ship grew into a ritual, and the priest 
i could be of only the one class, the 
Brahmans, which gradually stiffened in- 
to a caste. Then they taught that these 
Brahmans sprang from the mouth of 
God, the warriors or soldiers from the 
arms of God, the traders and farmers 
from the thighs of God, and the serv- 
ants from the feet of God. So these 
four were made of God, and all other 

castes that have sprung up are man- 

They called God Brahm, Who was 
Truth, Knowledge, Power, and Love. 
This was the highest state to be attained ; 
but since this could not be attained they 
introduced idols on which to concentrate 
their minds in meditation. There were 
two ideas prevalent about God; first, 
that this Brahm is everything, and 
everything is Brahm, or Pantheism. So 
man must realize that he himself is a 
part of God ; that nothing we can see or 
feel is real, but only Brahm is real. 
(These old heathen ideas are dressed up 
anew, and taught today by Christian 
Science and others, that man is divine, 
and everything, materials, pain, etc., are 
only imaginary.) Second, that Brahm 
is the Supreme Spirit, separate from his 
creation ; that man is only a minor spirit, 
a spark from the big fire and not at rest 
till again united with the original. 

They thought of salvation being in 
three degrees, being in the presence of 
God, being near God, and being one 
with Him. These were attained accord- 
ing as a man would control himself and 
live righteously, thereby gaining merit. 
A little later, perhaps about 500 B. G., 


The Missionary Visitor 


transmigration and karma began to be 
believed. These mean that a soul would 
be reborn hundreds of times, perhaps, in 
plants or animals, till it was worthy to 
be released from such necessity, and be 
received back into the divine source; 
and that all a man's capabilities, char- 
acter, wealth, etc., were the result of 
deeds done in a former birth. The god 
of death would come and take the soul 
away in his conveyance; a male buffalo 
then would sit in judgment and assign 
the punishment according to the evil 
deeds. After a time the soul would be 
reborn in some creature high or low, as 
the man had done good or bad, or ac- 
cording to his merit. If he had lived 
very righteously, he would go at once to 
God, which was the highest place; but 
if his merit was a little deficient he 
would stop in heaven till his merit was 
exhausted, then would fall down and be 

Still later the idea of a Triune God 
was formulated, as Brahm, the Creator; 
Vishnu, the Preserver ; and Shunker, the 
Destroyer. These would be incarnate at 
different times under certain circum- 
stances ; as, for instance, when Brah- 
mans in their penance, or cows, were 
greatly troubled, then Vishnu the Pre- 
server would be incarnate in Ram or 
Krishna. At first, about 500 B. C., these 
were only counted as great human he- 

roes, but after two or three centuries 
they were looked upon as incarnations. 
As to creation there was no idea of evo- 
lution, but Brahm had created all things, 
just as a child at play will make dif- 
ferent things. The order of creation 
was, water, earth, trees, food, and man. 

In these ancient times the people 
traveled much, even by sea, and traded 
in distant lands. The women were edu- 
cated, and had a voice with man. Even 
a part of the Vedas was written by 
women. One woman was an expert 
mathematician. Child marriage was not 
in vogue. A woman could decide 
whom she wanted to marry. The men 
seeking her would collect and she would 
place a garland on the neck of her 
choice ; or the one doing some great feat 
would be chosen. Widows were allowed 
to remarry till about 200 A. D. 

These were the times of the highest 
civilization of India. When other peo- 
ples, as the Muslims, began to overrun 
the country, the Hindus began to marry 
their girls young so as to prevent their 
being carried off by the invaders. They 
also began to look upon travel to other 
countries as defilement, and so in many 
ways began to deteriorate. They in- 
creased their number of gods, and idol- 
atry became rank. All of these things 
have held sway till very recently, but 
the shackles are rapidly being broken. 

150,000 Boys Like These in Our Field, Most of Them 
Not in School. 


The Missionary Visitor 


B. Mary Royer. 


HOWEVER well qualified the pros- 
pective missionary is, when he 
reaches his field he enters a new 
school. Blessed is he, therefore, who is 
possessed of a humble, teachable 
spirit. The missionary education re- 
ceived in the homeland is valuable. All 
the theory we can bring with us will be 
useful in meeting new conditions as they 
really exist. Still, as time goes on, we 
find the counsel of older missionaries a 
very helpful supplement to our own 
knowledge of conditions in foreign 

In the tropics the human body is 
heir to many treacherous diseases. Older 
missionaries have learned the causes of 
many of these and what precautions may 
be taken to prevent them. Concerning 
the care of the health, their advice to 
the inexperienced is of priceless value. 
It seems strange to the new missionary 
that he should be careful of the sun on 
a cloudy day and wear a topee in the 
shade. But if he heeds the warning of 
those who know he may save himself 
from serious trouble or incapacitated 
ability for work. 

The first year or two the new mission- 
ary is apt to feel helpless and useless. 
The time spent in adjusting himself to 
new surroundings and in the study of 
the language seems wasted as he sees the 
field ripe unto the harvest and the labor- 
ers so few. But he who has eyes that 
see and ears that hear will, during this 
time, learn much besides the language. 
Were one able to speak to the people im- 
mediately upon arriving, many grave 

mistakes would be made which in some 
cases could not be undone in a lifetime. 
There are so many little things, not 
written in books nor spoken of in mis- 
sionary addresses, which are learned 
only by contact with the people and a 
knowledge of their customs. How for- 
tunate is the new missionary who has 
the opportunity of observing the daily 
work of an older missionary! 

The privilege of learning from others 
belongs to missions as well as to indi- 
viduals. Vacations at the hills afford 
excellent opportunities for this. Here 
missionaries of different Boards meet 
and become acquainted. Hearing of 
each other's failures, successes and dif- 
ferent methods of work, they return to 
their stations, realizing that others as 
well as themselves meet with trials and 
discouragements. Usually they have 
learned some new ideas which will be 
helpful in their work, and perhaps just 
the thing which their own mission needs. 

Recently we learned of a missionary 
of forty years' experience in India who 
had spent most of his time, on the field, 
in institutional work. It was his desire 
to spend the remaining years of his mis- 
sionary career in evangelistic work 
among the villages. He called on a 
successful evangelist of another mission 
to inquire about his methods and learned 
all he could from others who> were doing 
the same kind of work. By the help 
thus received and through earnest 
prayer this veteran missionary had the 
joy of baptizing six hundred converts 
within the space of two years. 

"The neglect of prayer by the church at home means defeat at the front 
of battle." 


The Missionary Visitor 



Kathren R. Holsopple. 

IT was in a small, dark glass hut, 
about ten feet square, that I saw my 
first newborn heathen baby. There 
were no windows, and the roof was very 
low. One nearly bent double to enter. 
The bed on which the day-old baby lay 
nearly filled the room. The mother was 
squatting by the fire in one corner of 
the room preparing the meal. The 
smoke of the open fire filled the place, 
and although I was almost suffocated I 
must see the new baby. There the tiny 
piece of humanity lay without any 
clothes, wrapped only in a piece of a 
dirty, old red sari. 

I lifted it into the streak of light that 
came from the door. It was a nice baby, 
with black hair and eyes, plump and well 
formed. As I looked into its tiny sleep- 
ing face, and took in the awful room and 
dirty surroundings, the thought flashed 
into my mind, " This might have been 
me ! " Why was I born into a bright, 
happy home, where there were loving, 
educated parents to care for me, a crib 
to sleep in, little white clothes prepared 
by a loving mother to wear? Why, oh, 

I looked again at the dirt, darkness, 
carelessness, ignorance, and, above all, 
godlessness, about me and before me so 
clearly I saw the path of the tiny, in- 
nocent mite in my arms. No true home 
to live in; careless feeding; almost no 
clothing, and worse than no training. 
Living on the road, playing in the dirt. 
No education, and taught to worship a 
piece of wood! Why, oh, why? 

You and I were born in comfortable, 
clean homes. We were trained careful- 
ly. We were educated at home and in 
good schools. We have had good books 

to read. We have been taught our 
Bibles, and to know and love Jesus, but 
why, oh, why? 

I can not answer these questions. 
They are so great, and wide, and deep. 
And only our great Ruler of All must 
really know why. 

I look again at the babe sleeping in 
my arms, and how my heart goes out to 
its tiny life as I hold it close ! Oh, if 
only I could snatch it from the one path 
I see, and place it on the other! With 
this thought comes a gleam. Is this my 
answer? Is this the "why" ? Did my 
Lord call me here to help this babe from 
one path to the other? And did He look 
far ahead, and give me home, parents, 
education, and love for His Son as a 
preparation for this ? His will be done ! 

But over there is another baby, and 
another, and another — about thirty 
thousand every day. I can not do all 
this, nor can the other missionaries do 
all. There are so many babies, oh, so 
many, who have no one to show them 
the better path. And has not the great 
Ruler a plan for all these other babies? 
Has no one else been prepared for this 
work? Has not the Lord blessed you 
with the preparation of a Christian 

The babies are calling. Why don't 
you come ? Think ! You might have 
been the baby in my arms. Or one of 
the thirty thousand others this day, and 
your cry would be going up for help. 
Won't you come? 

We are calling for help. The babies 
are calling for help. The Lord is call- 
ing for help. But you don't come. 
Why, oh, why? 

We have more to do today than to make a living; we have to make a life. 
Let us not spoil the one in seeking to gain the other. — J. H. Jowett. 


The Missionary Visitor 



Anna M. Eby. 

THE Marathi-speaking area of In- 
dia occupies a portion in the 
west-central part and embraces 
a population of approximately three 
millions. In this territory about fifteen 
missionary societies are working. They 
represent the Christian church in 
America, England, Scotland, and Aus- 

The missionary endeavors to reach 
the people of India through educational, 
industrial, medical, and evangelistic 
avenues. In fact, the efforts put forth 
by Christian missions along these 
various lines during the last century 
have become one of the most potent fac- 
tors in producing modern India. Some 
of the best schools of the country are 
controlled by missions. The Wilson 
College in Bombay is recognized as one 
of the superior institutions of learning 
in Western India. It is controlled by 
the United Free Church of Scotland 
Mission. About four hundred Hindu 
and Christian students are enrolled in 
this Liberal Arts College. 

Most of the missions work according 
to the centralization plan. At a station 
most centrally located in their respective 
territory the main institutional work is 
carried on. Training schools, high 
schools, boarding schools and hospitals 
are located at this central station. 
There are also industrial departments, 
where boys are taught scientific farming, 
carpentry and weaving, and girls are 
taught sewing, cooking and housekeep- 
ing in general. 

In the larger and more established 
missions twenty to thirty missionaries 
are required to carry on the work at 
such a center. From this center evan- 
gelists also work, but the district is 
worked evangelistically chiefly from the 
sub-stations. The missionary at the out- 

station tours in the district with his 
band of native helpers. The women 
mis'sionaries, assisted by their Bible 
women, work among the women and 
children, and the men missionaries, with 
their helpers, deal with the men. 
Throughout the district a number of vil- 
lage schools, controlled by the mission, 
are in session. When the people of a 
village have become friendly to the 
missionaries and realize the importance 
of educating their children they usually 
welcome the opening of a school in their 
midst. This affords an excellent op- 
portunity to the evangelist to enter that 
community with the Gospel. The 
Bible also is taught by the teacher in 
charge of the school. 


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Climbing the Toddy Palm Tree. Man Can Be 
Seen on the Tree. 


The Missionary Visitor 


The American Marathi Mission is the 
oldest mission in the Bombay Presi- 
dency. It constitutes the Congregational 
bodies of the United States and Canada. 
Its first missionaries came to India in 
1813. Its Indian Christian community 
numbers at present about 14,000 per- 
sons. There are about sixty churches in 
connection with the mission, most of 
which have their own ordained Indian 
pastors. " The policy of this mission is 
to recognize the Indian church as the 
permanent factor in the evangelization 
of this land and to place increasing re- 
sponsibility on Indian leaders, and even 
on every single member of the Christian 

This mission employs about five hun- 
dred Indian Christian agents of different 
grades. It conducts about two hundred 
schools, in which are high school, kin- 
dergarten training, kindergarten indus- 
trial and primary grades, with about 
seven thousand pupils. 

The American Presbyterians also are 
doing extensive work in Western India. 
This mission was established a half cen- 
tury ago. Slowly and silently the 
leavening influence had been at work for 
many years. The patient, faithful ef- 
forts of the missionaries have not been 
in vain. During recent years the people 
have begun to move in masses. The 
senior missionary of that mission, who 
has been in sendee forty-three years, 
has had the joy of baptizing more than 
six hundred persons during the last two 

This mission has one of the largest 
hospitals in India, and the physician 
in charge is known throughout India as 
one of the most capable doctors in the 
country. People come from all parts 
of India to consult him or for surgical 
treatment. This physician attributes his 

success to the power gained through 
prayer. He has often spent several 
hours before daybreak praying over dif- 
ficult cases that were intrusted to him. 

We might speak of the work carried 
on by many other older and larger mis- 
sions than our own, but let us now direct 
our attention to the American Church 
of the Brethren Mission in the Marathi- 
speaking districts. The work of our 
own mission in Marathi is merely be- 
gun. For about eight years the seed 
has been sown and we are beginning to 
see results. Stations have been opened 
at Dahanu, Ahwa and Vada. A num- 
ber of village schools are in session in 
these districts and evangelistic work is 
carried on. A boys' boarding school 
has been opened at Ahwa during the 
last year. There is also an organized 
church and a small Christian community 
at this place. 

Dahanu is our oldest Marathi station. 
It is north of Bombay about seventy 
miles and borders on Gujarat. There 
have been conversions at Dahanu also. 
The missionary in charge has done much 
in the way of giving medical aid to the 

The work at Vada has not had a fair 
chance. During the last two years this 
station has been without a resident mis- 
sionary. Some village schools continue 
in session and several Indian evangelists 
are doing good work. Recently a Mo- 
hammedan priest — one of the most in- 
fluential men of Vada — was converted. 
The work at Vada will soon be reopened 
with a missionary at the station. 

Truly it is a seed sowing time, but the 
harvest will come later. The need is 
great, but the workers are few. " Pray 
ye therefore the Lord of the harvest 
that He send forth laborers into His 

It is impossible to rightly govern the world without God and the Bible. — George 


The Missionary Visitor 



Laura M. Cottrell, M. D. 

ALONG time ago a company of men 
were gathered together, when their 
leader told them a story of two 
men, one rich and the other poor. One 
lived in luxury and fared sumptuously, 
and the other was glad for just crumbs. 
The one did not care for the other and 
allowed him to have just crumbs. 
The one went to an eternity of pain and 
sorrow and the other to a heavenly re- 

That was a long time ago; but we 
have the same conditions today. It was 
no more true when Jesus told that par- 
able than it is today. " The poor and 
needy ye have with you always." 'Tis 
true in all lands, and yet some fare 
sumptuously and do not care. 

In India today hundreds are hungry 
for bread because of a failure of crops. 
In the Dangs district, where a brave 
missionary and his family are working, 
many of the 30,000 inhabitants are hav- 
ing but one meal of black, unleavened 
bread in two days. They gather what 
herbs, wild fruits and leaves they can to 
sustain life. Hungry? Yes; yet most 
people in the homeland are faring sump- 
tuously and do not care. 

Many are the physical needs of these 
people ; but the spiritual needs are great- 
er. They are living in darkness ; dying 
because of hunger ; living and dying in 
a spiritual darkness, a darkness that 
must be seen to be realized, a darkness 
wherein not one ray of a Heavenly 
Father's love shineth. They are sick in 
body and spirit and have so few to min- 
ister to them. And yet some in the 
homeland fare sumptuously, physically 
and spiritually, and do not care for them. 

Because of a lack of workers we as a 
mission are not beginning effectually to 
occupy our field. One station closed for 
two years; large unopened districts at 

our hand; children in these districts to 
be educated and trained; men and wom- 
en to be told of Christ ; overworked mis- 
sionaries planning to make conquests of 
this territory and no help; calls are be- 
ing made daily for the evangelist to 
preach, the teacher to teach and the in- 
dustrial man to train. -Calls are going 
out for more workers, and yet some do 
not care to listen to the calls. 

On the streets of American towns how 
frequent are the signs, " Doctor/' " Doc- 
tor," " Doctor," and in foreign lands the 
need so great for medical workers, men 
and women consecrated to the Lord! 
Any one of our stations could use a 
doctor or nurse, and that worker have 
all and more than he could do. There 
is no mission hospital for a distance of 
200 miles; but we hope, by God's help 
and yours, soon to have such. One of 
our missionaries for nine years has had 
medical aid no nearer than a two days' 
journey. With so many doctors and 
nurses in the homeland, needs on the 
field so great, calls many, and yet some 
do not care." 

Dear reader, are you one of the 
" some who do not care " ? Have you 
% heard the call to give of your possessions 
and have not cared? Are you faring 
sumptuously while these poor people are 
in such great need? Will you be like 
the rich man " who did not care " ? 

If you have been endowed with 
special talents, if you have had good 
educational opportunities, think them 
not too good for the mission field. 
The very best is needed and wanted. 
God calls for the best, and in answer to 
that call are you not fulfilling the " In- 
asmuch as ye did it unto one of these 
my brethren, even these least, ye did it 
unto me " ? 

Bulsar, India. 


The Missionary Visitor 



Adam Ebey. 


A FEW months ago, as I was going 
along the main street of our little 
village, in front of the goldsmith's 
house there was a crowd. Asking why, 
tney told me the young wife had been 
bitten by a snake. A Mohammedan was 
extracting the poison by placing the anus 
of a living young chicken to the bitten 
part. They opened a way for me to see 
the woman. I saw at once that her 
heart was about overpowered by the 
poison, and as I had no proper remedies 
I did not do anything for her. In a few 
minutes she was dead, an hour and one- 
half after being bitten. It was eight in 
the morning. I soon went home. About 
five in the afternoon they were ready for 
the inquest. They called me. After be- 
ing a witness, I became one of the jury 
of five. (How does that suit you?) 
They wanted " gentlemen " on the jury. 
One of the officials wanted to have the 
corpse carried twenty miles to the gov- 
ernment dispensary and have a post- 
mortem. No one but he suspected foul 
play, but had I not been present no one 
would have spoken his mind. My 
presence gave them courage and the 
family was saved a lot of trouble and 
suffering. The Hindu can not partake 
of food while there is a corpse undis- 
posed of. There was a case of that 
kind later. A woman drowned herself 
in the village well. The officials' took 
the case in' hand. One man, an enemy 
of the husband, accused him of pushing 
her in the well. They took the corpse 
to the government dispensary. The 
doctor was gone and it was four days 

before the post-mortem. You may 
know the body was BAD! 


Men fight, and the beaten man wants 
a certificate, telling how badly he has 
been hurt so that he may take the law on 
the other fellow. And they want their 
injuries made out a good deal worse 
than they are. They usually do not 
come back for a second certificate. A 
man takes leave from his work for a 
day and on account of some feast stays 
away a week. A sick certificate is need- 
ed. What I give him does not excuse 
him. One has to say " No " firmly and 
kindly many a time. 


About a year ago Dahanu Taluka had 
its first real epidemic of plague. Rats 
began dying in Dahanu town, and the 
better class of people at once left the 
place. Some having houses in the 
jungle, went there; some built shacks in 
the country; some went to adjoining vil- 
lages ; and some went to other districts. 
Souta, a village near us, became the 
temporary home of about one hundred 
of the better-class families. They 
brought the plague with them, too. 
They asked me to treat the first case, a 
boy about twelve years old. I knew lit- 
tle about the plague. The case seemed 
to me to be a severe case of pneumonia. 
It was, but proved to be of the plague 
form. My ignorance proved the undo- 
ing of the people and the spread of the 
disease. They had proper doctors, too, 
real graduates of an Indian medical 
school, but the case was left in the 
house, and the rats did the rest. I was 
sorry for my ignorance, but it was too 

A friendly Mohammedan moved his 


The Missionary Visitor 


family out to his farm, but daily re- 
turned to look after his store. Finding 
a dead rat one morning, just as he 
opened the door, he took it in his bare 
hand and threw it out for the crows. 
He went home and in twelve hours was 
dead. Across the street was a Hindu 
merchant, our friend. I entreated him; 
I begged of him; I almost forced him 
to move out. Daily he removed dead 
rats with the fire tongs. He moved 
out too late. While moving he took 
fever and died in less than two days, 
though in that time he spent about a 
hundred dollars for treatment. Then 
two more merchants, several wives of 
merchants, and children. One lovely 
girl, about eleven years old, reading the 
fourth reader, lingered several days and 
died. A woman was sick for a month 
and a half; she seemed to be getting 
well, but died. 

I treated several cases with tincture 
of iodine, internally and externally. 
Most of these got well. Several were 
very bad. One Varley woman had high 
fever when they called me. A large, 
painful bubo was evident in the right 
groin. I went nearly every day for 
about three weeks and treated the bubo 
carefully and finally opened it. The 
fever left her and shortly she was able 
to begin work. Today she seems to be 
well as any one. . 

A blacksmith girl, twelve years old, 
took it. Her little sister had just died 
of the plague. When they called me she 
had high fever and was so weak that the 
parents feared to take her off the bed. 
Heroically I went to work and daily 
treated her with care, as unto the Lord. 
It took a long time to get her up on her, 
feet, but she is well and happy today. 

A young woman seventeen years old 
got very sick; buboes large, high fever, 
nervous excitement. I went to see her 
several times that night. I prayerfully 
and carefully treated her and by morn- 

ing had the fever down, the buboes re- 
duced and the other symptoms under 
control. I gave the glory to God. 

Several others had buboes and some 
had slight fever, but by prompt action 
we had no death among our little Chris- 
tian community. We had the Christians 
all move here from the infected village. 
I had buboes in both groins that were 
painful for about two months. The 
one in the right groin is still there and 
sometimes gets sore and enlarged. The 
native people say glandular and skin 
diseases get worse during the full moon. 
I am not superstitious enough to inves- 
tigate and find out how much there is 
in it. I had no fever and no lung trouble 
nor other complications; never stopped 
work, though the pain was rather se- 
vere and annoying at times. 
The belief in demons and witches is 
very general in India. An ill-formed 
baby is a monster, of course. But here 
it is also a demon, a devil. I have been 

. present at the birth of two such mon- 
sters, improperly nourished and de- 
formed children. The wife of our 
Hindu cartman gave birth to twins a lit- 
tle over eighteen months ago. They 
were premature and both dead. One 

' was completely dried up, and was the 
most ghostlike child I ever saw — the 
most ghostly being, for that matter. 
Just a few weeks ago I was called to 
assist a Hindu mother. The child had 
no nose and was also dried up, a ghastly 
sight. Such monsters are not buried. 
Nor are they burned. They are thrown 
out in a desolate place where the jackals 
find them and devour them, lest some 
worse thing come upon the family. 
Since they are not human beings they 
should not be treated as such ! 

Space fails me to tell of the skin 
diseases. One child had the scalp 
rotted off, with the white bone at least 
twenty square inches bare. In another 


The Missionary Visitor 


case eyes, ears, and nose were rotting 
away with syphilis; tuberculosis (scrof- 
ula) eating away the throat. An old 
opium merchant had an ulcer on his 
spine as big as my hand, and still grow- 
ing, when he called me. I treated it 
and told him to call for medicine. I 
fixed the medicine and put his name on 
it, but some quinine comp. ointment for 
seat worms, with another party's name 
on it, was by mistake given to the old 
gentleman. I did not know it for a good 
while. When he next saw me he was 
very profuse in praising the medicine 

that Madam Sahib had given him. The 
sore healed rapidly. 

There are many cases of hysterical 
women. If I can get to them when a 
spell is on, I usually bring them to their 
senses with a little carbonate of am- 
monia held to the nose. 

Beads, buttons, grains of rice, peas, 
get into the ears and noses. I usually 
give relief by forcibly throwing water 
in with a syringe. 

Not done, but I stop ! 

Karodoho, via Dahanu, India, Sept. 

Making- Cement Blocks for the Boys' Boarding- School, Anklesvar, India. 


Anna Z. Blough. 

ONE of the most difficult ex- 
periences that a missionary can 
have is to be obliged to leave his 
work and go to the hills to rest and seek 
health and strength. It is difficult be- 
cause the missionary is giving his life 
to accomplish the work that he loves ; 
but now tired, weary, suffering pain and 
weakness, he is compelled to lay the 
work aside unfinished, the work that his 
heart yearns to accomplish. With long- 

ings to stay by the work, preparations 
must be made to leave home, loved ones, 
fellow-workers and the work. 

" We can not understand, why this is best, 
We tightly clasp His hand, and leave the 

Then, though our hearts are sad, we still 

can pray 
And He will make us glad, in His own 


Finally the journey through the hot 
plains on the train is made and we find 


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ourselves at the foot of the great Him- 
alayas. There are no trains, trolleys, 
motors or even carriages to go up the 
steep mountain path, but we get into 
dandies and men carry us up the moun- 
tain path of ten miles. They land us 
safely at the door of our little cottage. 
To our delight we found our next-door 
neighbors were missionaries. They 
were very kind and did so much to make 
us comfortable and happy. We un- 
packed our trunks and arranged our 
temporary home as best we could with 
the few furnishings we could take along. 
Now that we were settled in our moun- 
tain home our first thought was how we 
could best carry out the doctor's in- 
structions and gain health and strength 
quickly; so each day was spent in doing 
all we knew to do to gain health. 

During these days our hearts were 
cheered by the comforting messages 
through the mail from our fellow-work- 
ers. We were constantly reminded of 
the fact that our fellow-workers and 
native Christians were earnestly praying 
for us that we might speedily gain health 
to return to our work. Then later mes- 
sages came from the friends and loved 
ones in the homeland, giving us words 
of sympathy, love, and great helpful- 
ness. Oh, how precious were these mes- 
sages ! God knew our needs and He 
put it into the hearts of His faithful 
ones to write just the words of tender- 
ness that brought great blessing. 

God in nature in those wonderful 
mountains revealed Himself to us as 
never before, in the beautiful scenery 
and the grandeur of His handiwork. 
Then came the mountain-top experi- 
ences, for God also revealed Himself 
anew to us through His Word. If we 
will but wait before Him, He is always 
willing and ready to give if we are only 
ready to receive His blessed Spirit. 

" Take time to be holy, speak oft w!th thy 
Abide in Him always, and feed on His 

Although we were far away from our 
station and work, we were not without 
an opportunity of service. The door of 
opportunity through intercession was 
made so clear to us that it became a 
most precious service, and it seemed no 
less important than the work on the 

During the three winter months we 
were alone on our Landom hillside. All 
the missionaries went down to their sta- 
tions for work, and all the schools closed 
so that the children could go to their 
homes on the plains for winter vaca- 
tion. All the Evangelical churches 
were closed excepting one. We did not 
know any who attended this church, but 
we went and found the pastor a very 
nice old man. He was awake in his 
work. He did not let us get away with- 
out speaking to us and inquiring who we 
were, and where we lived. He said his 
church would be opened for service all 
winter, " although there were only eight 
or ten persons to attend. So we found 
some good people who were real friends 
to us during the winter months. 

In March the school-children re- 
turned to school and soon the hot winds 
on the plains drove many missionaries 
to the hills again. The schools, church- 
es, houses and every place were filled 
up. There was new life everywhere. 
The Sunday-school was organized and a 
minister appointed to preach to the 
large congregation of missionaries. He 
was a missionary himself of many years' 
experience and he knew what his con- 
gregation needed. He was a man of 
God who gave wonderfully convicting 
messages, and made us eager to give the 
last drop of our life blood to the glorious 
work of God. Our hearts were filled 
with great peace and joy. It made us 
say again, " Truly it is good to be here." 
Our thirsty souls were filled with new 
life again, and with a new vision of 
His love. 

Now the time was near when we were 


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to go home. Oh, what joy ! The Bible 
School had been closed for almost a year. 
The students were anxiously waiting to 
hear when the Bible School would open, 
But here came a testing time. We had 
spent all these months on the hills and 
yet full strength was not realized; how- 
ever, much improvement had been 
made. When the doctor was told the 
real condition he was very doubtful 

about my husband being able to take 
charge of that work. Other plans were 
suggested. The way seemed closed and 
oh, what a disappointment ! Again God 
in His mercy and wisdom made the way 
clear enough so that we could take one 
step at a time until we found ourselves 
at home at Bulsar at work, and the 
Bible School running successfully 
with His blessings. Praise His Name! 

Basket Makers. 


D. J. Lichty. 

THE conception of God as the All- 
wise Creator and loving Father 
of all, is entirely foreign to the 
minds of the aboriginals of India. If 
they do sometimes admit the possibility 
of such a God, they absolutely ignore 
Him. To them He is not a necessity. 
All the good and beautiful things of life 
are taken for granted, and their religion 
consists entirely of taking account of 
the evils of this life, their causes and 
how to escape them. 

All evil is supposed to be inflicted by 
menacing spirits, devils, and witches. 

There are seven women in our village 
who are feared as witches to a far 
greater degree than the more ethereal 
members of this dark family, which is 
legion ; doubtless because they are more 
real, and no way has yet been discovered 
for bribing or appeasing them. Indeed, 
it would be risky and dangerous even to 
accuse them of being witches. But the 
whole list of other evil spirits may be 
quite easily appeased if they are offered 
enough goat, chicken, cocoa, nuts, to- 
bacco, liquor, etc. The mere glance of 
a witch, or the falling of her shadow, 


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may give one the smallpox, cause his 
death, make his wife barren, or induce 
his buffalo cow to kick and refuse to 
give her milk, and thus on ad infinitum. 

These simple people do admit of a 
future existence, but do not associate 
it with the idea of an entrance to a 
fuller life in the eternal presence of a 
God Who is both just and righteous. 
Their future is a great abyss of dark- 
ness, without the light of experience and 
knowledge, and not much imagination 
to enlighten them. Even the imagina- 
tion they have is of the crudest sort, as 
is illustrated in their preparation of the 

dead for final disposal. Indeed, prepa- 
ration for the future consists of being 
properly disposed of after death, i. e., 
to be bathed, clothed in new cloth, and 
to have their mouth gorged with grain, 
to feed the great armies of ants that in- 
habit the unknown region, so they may 
not torment them. Red grain is re- 
quired for the red ants, black-kerneled 
rice for the black ants, and white rice 
will do for the far-famed white ants. 

The essence of Christian religion is 
to fear and obey God. They also fear 
their gods, but strenuously endeavor to 
avoid them, and if successful in this 
they attempt to appease them. 


J. B. Emmert. 

IT is a valuable experience just to sit 
down and try to formulate one's 
idea of God. Is that idea clear and 
distinct or is it hazy? Compare it with 
the Moslem idea and think what changes 
such conception would make in your life 
and conduct. 

The creed of the Moslem is couched 
in the brief sentence, " There is no God 
but God, and Mohammed is His proph- 
et." To him there is absolutely but one 
God and He is without a partner. Poly- 
theism has no place whatever, and even 
the Christian teaching of the Trinity is 
rejected as weakening the sovereignty 
of God. He alone is the one great 
Force, He has all knowledge, and His 
will is supreme. This idea is carried 
so far that there is no room even for 
love or pity or compassion, as these 
would tend to limit His sovereign power 
and so must be considered as weakness 
and incompatible with His nature. " In 
short, to set any limit whatsoever to the 

absolute, unmitigated omnipotence of 
God was to Mohammed and is to every 
Moslem a simple blasphemy." 

God, the Creator, has all power, leav- 
ing to the creature no individual power 
of his own. This belief is carried to its 
logical conclusion, that whatever the 
creature does is by the will of God, 
whether it be good or evil. God is re- 
sponsible for the bad in the world as 
well as the good and even determines by 
His own sovereign will who shall be 
admitted to the gardens of heaven, and 
who shall be sent to perdition without 
regard to the acts or will of man. 
Prayer is a duty, not a privilege; it is 
homage due by slaves to their Lord, 
rather than a means of heartfelt spir- 
itual communion with God. The revela- 
tion of the Lord Jesus Christ that God 
is love and that He is our Father is un- 
thinkable to the Moslem. He believes 
his own idea of God a perfect one and 
resents the doctrine of the Christian. 

"God seeks intercessors. God has need of intercessors. God wonders at the 
lack of intercessors. Rest not till God sees that you are one." 


The Missionary Visitor 



Sister Arnold's S. S. Class, Anklesvar. 


Mrs. S. Ira Arnold. 

THE above picture is of Barbara's 
Sunday-school class. She is not 
so old as the rest but she goes 
every Sunday, or rather the class 
comes and recites on her veranda, be- 
cause her mama is the teacher. She 
likes to have these little boys and girls 
come to play with her. Notice the two 
tots standing behind. They are Jetie 
(meaning victory) and Ruth. Jetie is 
a little orphan girl who lives in the 
Widows' Home. Her mama died when 
she was a tiny baby, so the widows take 
care of her. She is a happy and loving 
little girl. Ruth's papa is dead, so she 
and her mama both live in the Home. 
The little girl sitting on the left-hand 
side in the front row is Ruth's sister, 
Grace. Paul, the little boy to the right 
in the front row, is our washerman's 
child. He comes to see us quite often 
when his papa and mama come over to 
work. The little folks in the back row 

are Naioma, Shantie (meaning peace), 
Ruth, Simeon, and Daniel Stover. 
Those in the front row are Grace, an- 
other Shantie, Sarah, Samson, another 
Shantie, Helen Stover, and Paul. Now 
you know all of them. These little 
folks live here near us and we see them 
every day. We have learned to love 
them all. It seems lonesome when some 
of them are gone. The woman is Ruth 
Bai, who helps to teach the class. 

Now let us notice the other picture 
for a little while. This is Sister Wid- 
dowson's class. They are not around 
about us all the time, but come from 
down in town. They are Bhil (Beal) 
children. Their parents are not Chris- 
tians, so some one must go after them 
each Sunday morning or they would not 
know when Sunday comes. Notice the 
uncombed hair, and some have no 
clothing. Some of the poor little chil- 
dren have never had any clothes to put 


The Missionary Visitor 


Sister Widdowson's S. S. Class, AnKiesvar. 

on. They are so used to running about 
without it that if one would give them 
clothing I doubt if they would wear it. 
These children's parents are very poor 
too. Their fathers earn about ten cents 
a day. From this they must feed their 
families, and as it is warm here, very 
little clothing is bought for the children. 
Think of it ! What would you do, chil- 
dren, if your papa earned only ten 
cents a day ? However, these little folks 
are happy. They run and play as other 
children do. Their faces are usually 
very dirty, because they play in the mud 
and dirt all day long. Notice the 
jewelry they have on. They wear rings 
on their legs and arms, and beads 

around their necks. They would rather 
have jewelry than clothes. What their 
names are, that I do not know. Their 
teacher says that most of them have 
long names that are hard for us to re- 

Does Christianity mean anything to 
these people ? Look at the difference be- 
tween these two pictures and see. It 
means a brighter future. But, boys 
and girls, we need your prayers 
that God will help these parents to see 
what is best for their boys and girls, 
and allow them to get the best; and also 
for these boys and girls, that they may 
come to Jesus and let Him make of them 
the men and women they ought to be. 

Harvesting- Nagle, a Native Grain. 


The Missionary Visitor 



Galen B. Rover. 

IF one should start back at the begin- 1913 939 586 
ning and compare the nothing of 1914 939 667 

organized effort with present-day 1915 976 666 

attainments the investigation must of In other words in 1915 not as many 
necessity show wonderful progress, congregations of the Brotherhood gave 
Such, too, may be helpful to those who to foreign missions in pr0 p rtion to the 
recall the day of small things and now tQtal> as did {n lgm 
look with satisfaction on present-day ac- „ , . , , , 
complishments. But, gratifying as this u Growt ^ m ° ur £ student bod >^ S10uld 
may be, it will perhaps be of worth to be f considered, for from our church 
study growth within the last decade and schools come our missionaries. Mis- 
gather encouragement there also. S10n stud y for the most P art has been 
If comparison is made on Annual Pursued. But it is admitted in some of 
Meeting offerings the growth shows the schools, at least, that missionary en- 
splendid. In 1905 the offering was thusiasm for the foreign field has waned 
$7,750.61 ; in 1910, $16,482.95 ; in 1915. a S reat deaL Thls 1S seen > first and most 
$23,603.68. The total receipts for the prominently, in having small or no vol- 
entire fiscal year show almost a dou- unteer bands >" second > m choosing for 
bling of resources, as seen in the follow- mission study classes texts that have br- 
ing : In 1905 the total receipts were tle or n0 direct beann S on the missi0n 
$58,004.59; in 1910, $69,922.67; in 1915, Problem. Perhaps, too. one does not 
$114 7?0 82 sense the situation incorrectly to find 
When 'it 'comes to " giving ourselves " Pressure from some of the school au- 
the record is a surprise of greatest en- thonties in favor of the home base rath- 
couragement. From the beginning up to er than the forei S n field— and the favor 
1905 the General Mission Board had for the home base 1S not so much re " 
sent forth thirty-two missionaries to bgious as it is to enter the ordinary pur- 
foreign lands ; between 1905 and 1910, suits of llfe at home > commercial and the 
twelve were sent out ; while between like - Some > 7ears a S° the P led S es were 
1910 and 1915, thirty-three obeved the directly for foreign work; later some 
command and went forth. changed to " just where God wants me." 
When one comes to study growth of This has not produced missionaries for 
missionary sentiment the general result the foreign field so much as it has pro- 
must of necessity be good. No such re- duced a class of earnest persons who 
suits could accrue other than through a are easily misguided to try the home 
healthy and strong missionary senti- base rather than abroad, because the 
ment. Yet that sentiment must come comforts are greater, the friends are 
within a prescribed circle if the follow- near, and it is close to all home ties. 
ing table indicates anything. These The fact that the General Mission 
figures are taken from' " The Mirror Board has for two years sought for men 
and Reflector" articles for the years for the fields— and they are so greatly 
named : needed — and not near the required num- 
Total No. Total No. ber have offered to go, may be a direct 
Churches Giving result of just this semi-favorable senti- 
1910 855 .......... 574 ment. It may also lie in the fact that 


The Missionary Visitor 


another lot of splendid workers are get- 
ting ready. 

Another element is entering into not 
securing men for the foreign field so 
readily as at one time. The church at 
home is rapidly transforming to a paid 
pastorate and demanding men to occupy 
important places. The supply here is 
far inadequate to the needs. On every 
hand wide-awake churches are looking 
for a better class of pastors than they 
are able to find. This of necessity 
draws on available workers. But even 
this apparent adverse influence is in 
favor of foreign missions ; for these 
same pastors are, perhaps, without ex- 
ception, enthusiastic for foreign mis- 

sions. And when the congregations 
who do not support the foreign field are 
live enough to have special pastors for 
their own flocks, they will also be sup- 
porters of foreign work. 

Let no one read this and lapse into 
ease. This growth, so encouraging, 
spells larger possibilities and larger re- 
sponsibilities : for the larger the circle 
of light the greater the contact with 
darkness, and the greater the need for 
consecrated and determined effort. And 
let each one always bear in mind that 
" the light that shines farthest shines 
brightest at home," and then he will not 
mistake his place of service for the 

Elgin, III. 


Rebecca C. Wampler. 

OCTOBER has come and gone and 
it brought to us many blessings. 
Some in the mission family have 
been sick, but at this writing are better 
again. The weather has been good and 
work on the buildings at both stations 
went on without hindrance. The mason 
work and plastering are finished, and the 
inside work will soon be done. We will 
all be very happy when these new build- 
ings are ready for occupancy. 

This month saw the beginning of 
cataract operations at Liao Chou. Dr. 
Brubaker performed three, and two of 
them were successful, the man going 
home rejoicing in his sight. We hope 
that while he was in the hospital he 
heard enough of the Gospel of Jesus 
Christ to cause him to want to know 
more of the Master and follow Him. 
The medical work at Liao has been 
growing and greatly blessed. 

Oct. 30 was a big day in the history of 
the work at Ping Ting Chou. In the 

morning forty-two men and two women 
were baptized, and at the communion 
services in the evening ninety- four par- 
ticipated. It made our hearts rejoice 
to see so many come into a closer fel- 
lowship with Jesus. Three times a day 
for two weeks classes had been held for 
these applicants, and the spirit they man- 
ifested was excellent. Sixteen of these 
men are from our two out-stations, 
seven from Le Ping and nine from Soa 
Fang and vicinity. The others are from 
Ping Ting Chou and its immediate 
neighborhood. We hope and pray that 
these men will be the means of bringing 
their families and many of their neigh- 
bors to Christ. Pray for the Chinese 
Christians, that they may have power to 
overcome the temptations that assail 
them and that they may grow in the 
grace and knowledge of the Lord Jesus 



The wife of one of our Chinese Chris- 
tians has had tubercular glands for a 
long time. Last spring her lungs and 


The Missionary Visitor 


spine became affected, and for the last 
three months her legs from the hips 
down have been paralyzed. Her hus- 
band has taken care of her, and both he 
and we were dreading the day their baby 
would be born. We all thought it would 
go hard with her. Yesterday the baby 
came — a nice little girl — and the mother 
is resting easily, so much better than we 
expected. Her husband's face has lost 
that look of dread it had for months and 
is bright and happy. He has named the 
baby " Ken T'sung," which means " to 
follow," for he wants her to follow 

There are thirty women reading at 
Liao. Some of them have finished the 
primers and are reading in the Gospels. 
Sister Hutchison with one of the Bible 
women looks after this as they go about 
in the homes from day to day. The 
women take a great interest in reading 
after they get started, and look forward 
eagerly to the day when they can read 
the part assigned to them to their teach- 
er. May God open their hearts to the 
reception of His Word as their minds 
are opened and developed in the effort to 
learn to read. 


Oct. 8 Bro. Yin went to Mukden to 
attend a Sunday-school Normal for a 
month. This will be of great value to 
him, as he will be expected to assist Bro. 
Vaniman in the evangelistic work dur- 
ing Bro. Crumpacker's absence on fur- 
lough, and we are glad he has the op- 
portunity to get this training. This nor- 
mal is held under the auspices of the 
Chinese Sunday-school Association for 
the benefit of a limited number of men 
from the different missions in North 



About the middle of the month Mr. 
Albert Gamier, with his wife and chil- 
dren, spent a few days with us at Ping 
Ting. They are English Baptist mis- 
sionaries and have been doing school 

work at Taiyuanfu, the capital of Shan- 
si. They have been transferred to 
Shantung Province and will do school 
work near Tsinanfu. On Sunday Mr. 
Gamier led the morning service at the 
chapel and in the evening gave us a good 
talk at our English service. 

At Liao Chou fifteen have been en- 
rolled in the classes for inquirers and 
these will be baptized soon. God has 
blessed our work in China this year 
abundantly, and to Him is due all the 
praise and glory. 

There is more than one way to make 
money pass in China. A new dollar has 
been minted by the republic with a pro- 
file likeness of Yuan Shi Kai on one side. 
They pass current at the coast without, a 
question, but inland these new dollars 
are looked upon with suspicion. We 
hear that at a certain place a man re- 
fused to accept one of these new dol- 
lars, and upon his continued refusal he 
was shot. Since then the people have 
learned to accept the dollars without 
hesitancy. A dollar isn't always worth 
a dollar in China, either. Today I had 
one brought back to me with the com- 
plaint that it could not be exchanged for 
as many cash as a dollar ought to ex- 
change for. Of course I gave another 
dollar for it, which will bring the full 
amount of exchange, and will hand the 
dollar back to the money shop from 
which it came. The difference was 
about 120 cash — a cash is worth about 
1/30 of a cent in America — but this dif- 
ference meant several meals to the per- 
son to whom it had been given. 

A house has been secured for Bro. 
Flory's to live in at Liao, but it will 
need to be repaired before they can use 
it. In the meantime they are living in 
several rooms in Dr. Brubaker's court. 
They are doing nicely with the Ian- 


The Missionary Visitor 


guage. Bro. Flory has done some pub- 
lic speaking already, having led the 
Chinese prayer meetings a couple of 


Bro. Vaniman preached his first ser- 
mon in Chinese Sunday, Oct. 31, just 
two years after he landed in China. He 

did very well, indeed. All of the people 
who came out two years ago, although 
still engaged in language study, are 
teaching in the homes, teaching Sunday- 
school classes, leading prayer meetings, 
and so on, helping wherever they can in 
the work. 
Nov. 2. 

The Monkey Seeks for " India's Millions." 


J. F. Graybill. 

TEN or fifteen years ago, when we 
had a mission in Copenhagen, 
just across the sound from Mal- 
mo, the Swedish and Danish members 
visited each other, and especially at Dis- 
trict Meetings the preachers would get 
together and help each other in the work 
of the Lord. But contention in the 
church in Sweden caused a break in this, 
the strong band of brotherly love was 
broken, and the occasional visits were 
a thing of the past. 

Since Bro. Wine and family have 
been located in Denmark we have made 
several visits to them and their work and 
they have visited us. These visits are 
not only encouraging to the workers but 
the work in general. We learn to know 

each other better, and this creates a 
mutual interest in these two fields so 
near together. 

During the week that Brother and 
Sister Wines and their son Ardys were 
with us, Bro. Wine and I made a little 
trip to the Vanneberga church, where 
we had three meetings and visited some 
sick. These meetings were during the 
week and in a busy season when peo- 
ple work early and late, and were there- 
fore not as largely attended as usual. 
Two meetings were held in the homes of 
two brethren who are farmers. 

I will relate a little experience, that 
possibly is more interesting to the writer 
than to the readers of these pages. One 
evening we had meeting with our Broth- 


The Missionary Visitor 


r and Sister Nilsson. We had walked 
Dver nine miles and on our way visited 
wo aged sisters, one of whom has been 
:onfined to her bed for nearly a year. 
\s we reached our goal a little refresh- 
ment, consisting of coffee and cakes, 
vvas tendered us before the meeting. 
After the meeting, between ten and 
leven, supper was served, and you may 
feel assured that Bro. Wine and his 
fellow-traveler, who are not accustomed 
o such long hours between meals, made 
i good hand at this. After this we tried 
o sleep. 

The following morning Bro. Nilsson 
offered us his clothes and boots and 
the gun if we cared to go hunting. This 
was enticing to Bro. Wine and he ac- 
cepted the offer. The writer, not being 
a hunter, preferred to spend the fore- 
noon in something more certain, and so 
took to the potato patch. Like Abra- 
ham and Lot, we separated brotherly, 
the one to the mountain to hunt, the 
other to the plain to pick potatoes. Sis- 
ter Nilsson suggested that if I was not 
in too great a hurry to get to the potato 
patch, I might take the nine o'clock 
coffee along for the potato pickers, ten 
in number, not counting the writer. 

It is quite a trick for one not accus- 
tomed to this kind of foot gear to keep 

wooden shoes on the feet, and especial- 
ly when they are about three sizes too 
large, as were those loaned me to go to 
the potato patch. I got there with the 
coffee and cakes, and even back again 
for dinner. I remember quite well 
when, nine or ten years of age, I was 
" water boy " on the farm with my 
uncle ; how I would load up my express 
wagon with a basket of cakes, dough- 
nuts and pies and a keg of good fresh 
water and take it out to the harvest 
hands at nine o'clock, but never before 
did I take coffee to workers out in the 
field. This was a new experience for 
me. These Swedes must have their 
coffee between meals in the forenoon 
and afternoon. Even factory workers 
are allowed a little time to drink their 
coffee. Sweden spends millions for 
coffee, that might be used to a better 

When the dinner-bell rang we wend- 
ed our way to the house, where I met 
Bro. Wine with all the game he had 
shot. This little change from city life 
was greatly enjoyed by both of us. In 
the afternoon we walked over twelve 
miles to where we had a very nice meet- 
ing in the evening. On such trips one 
does not lack the needed exercise to 
strengthen both body and mind. 

Malmb, Sweden, Nov. i. 



S. N. McCann. 

THE accompanying picture shows a 
father, mother and six children 
who joined The Bible Memory 
and Devotional League and have received 
their certificates, becoming life mem- 
bers. They also have one seal on their 
certificates and soon will be entitled to 
the second seal. The father, Charles C. 
Wine, is a brother of A. F. Wine, our 

missionary to Denmark. The father and 
mother not only became active members 
of the league, but they encouraged and 
helped their children to become active 

Bro. Wine and family are workers. 
They make their business go, but they 
do not allow their business to hinder 
their church work, their Sunday-school 


The Missionary Visitor 

January I 

Bro. Chas. C. Wine and Family. 

work, nor their devotional work. I 
wonder how many other families in the 
Brotherhood will yet take courage and 
show as good a record in daily Bible 
work as this family. 

This kind of work will tell for God in 
any life, in any family and in any 
church in which it is practiced. May 
the inspiration and influence of this ex- 
ample, of so many in one family, lead 
many to become members of the League. 

Jesus says, " Let your light shine be- 
fore men; that they may see your good 
works and glorify your Father Who is 
in heaven." Light can not continue to 
shine unless the object or person that 
transmits it is full of light. A reflected 
light at best is only intermittent. When 
Christ becomes a Living Power in the 

life, that life becomes full of light. 
When the words of Christ are com- 
mitted so they can be used for medita- 
tion they become a power, helping to 
change the life into the Christ-life. 
There is perhaps no more potent in- 
fluence for moulding the life into the 
Christ-life than the silent hour of de- 
votion, alone with God and His Word, 
committing a verse of Scripture and 
meditating daily on a portion of His 

The life is bound to be made better 
and sweeter each day by even a small 
portion of time given to God and His 

We are glad for the many young peo- 
ple who are dedicating a portion of 
each day to prayerful and devoted 
meditation on the Word. 

The desire to look back over the past is a sign of age and weakness; we need 
to look forward and develop into what we are capable of becoming. What heights 
are we striving to occupy now? — E. J. Dinsmore. 


The Missionary Visitor 




Elgin S. Moyer. 

(Having received a request to give a de- 
tailed explanation of our declaration to a 
certain local band, I have given the fol- 
lowing explanation. With the hope that it 
will be a help to others who are wishing 
to dedicate their lives to the Lord, it may 
be well to present this explanation gen- 
erally to the United Student Volunteers. 
I have written this not merelv as president 
of the U. S. V., but" as a member of the 
original committee.) 

THERE has been a difference of 
opinion regarding the U. S. V. 
declaration; there has been con- 
siderable hesitation in signing the card; 
and some of our prospective volunteers 
have even withheld their names because 
of certain objections to it; all this, not 
infrequently, because of a misunder- 
standing of the declaration. I hope that 
every volunteer and every prospective 
volunteer may get a thorough and defi- 
nite understanding of the declaration as 
to what it means and as it was originally 
intended to mean. 

At the first, when the declaration was 
formulated, at Winona Lake Confer- 
ence, the question came up as to what 
should be the standard of our band., 
whether it should be volunteering for 
foreign missions, or whether it should be 
declaring complete submission and con- 
secration to God, being ready for any 
place and at any time that the Spirit 
should direct. At first there was a di- 
version of opinion, but we finally con- 
cluded — and I think to the complete 
satisfaction of the whole committee — 
that the declaration as it now stands 
should be the gateway into the band. 
Following is the declaration : " Where- 
as my acceptance of Jesus Christ has 
brought me pardon and peace and re- 
sponsbility, and my study of His Word 
and of the field has confirmed my con- 
viction that ' the Gospel is the power 

of God unto salvation,' I hereby dedi- 
cate myself to special missionary service 
in whatever way God may direct, at any 
time, in any place, and at any cost." 

By no means does this declaration ex- 
clude any one who is willing to live the 
consecrated life. I care not whether 
the individual is planning definitely on 
foreign mission work, on city or coun- 
try missions, or on giving his life to the 
teaching profession, or whether there 
are no definite plans at all. There is 
just one thing, and of that one thing the 
declaration rings with no uncertain 
sound, and for that one thing the Volun- 
teer Band stands. And I hope there is 
not a member in the band nor anyone 
who will become a member who is not 
willing to count the cost and to pay the 
price for that one thing. That one thing 
is CONSECRATION. The Volunteer 
Band stands for full surrender, for com- 
plete consecration. To join the U. S. V., 
it is not necessary to be a volunteer for 
any particular field. But it is absolutely 
necessary for each one to lay his life 
upon the altar, consecrate that life com- 
pletely, and say " At any time, in any 
place, and at any cost." We may have 
our plans partially made for the home 
field, or possibly for the foreign field, yet 
we must be ready and willing to allow 
God to change our plans at any time. 
The one prerequisite to signing the card 
is that there be complete submission of 
our wills to His will. It does not mean, 
" I hope to consecrate my life sometime 
and in some way if I join," but it does 
mean " My signing declares that I have 
given up all claims of myself; I have 
turned all over to God for His direc- 
tion." We may not see more than one 
step ahead, but if we are willing to en- 
trust ourselves to God, we are ready to 
sign the declaration. I know of some 
who, in signing, felt that they must go to 
the foreign field. They entrusted their 


The Missionary Visitor 


all to God, and He saw fit to hold them 
from the foreign field. I know others 
who signed, feeling that their place was 
in the homeland, but when they made 
the final step, made their declaration to 
God, He broadened their vision, and to- 
day they are foreign volunteers. 

No, dear volunteers, don't feel that 
you must first decide your future work. 
By making this declaration you are giv- 
ing that to God to do ; but you must be 
wholly submissive to the Spirit's direc- 
tion, in whatever direction and at what- 
ever the cost He may lead you. 

As to the " special missionary serv- 
ice." Whenever you are just where 
God wants you, you are giving your 
life to special missionary service. You 
may not know when you sign just what 
that service may be, or you may have 
some preconceived notions and plans, 
but you must be willing to waive all 
your notions and plans if God so directs. 
That is what is meant by dedicating 
yourself " to special missionary service 
in whatever way God may direct, at 
any time, in any place, and at any cost." 

If you are willing to consecrate your 
life now, follow the light as fast as God 
gives it, and become a real volunteer, 
regardless of the place, time or cost, 
you are ready to sign the declaration. 
We want every consecrated volunteer, 
but we want only consecrated lives. 
Brother, sister, volunteer-to-be, are 
you willing to place your life in the 
Lord's hands and leave it absolutely at 
His disposal? If you are, do not hesi- 
tate to make the affirmation by signing 
your name to the declaration. 

I pray that a large number of the stu- 
dents and teachers in our schools, and of 
the Christian workers elsewhere will be 
willing to make the secrifice that God 
may call you to make. He may change 
your plans and keep you from some defi- 
nite field, or He may call you to some 
field that you do not now foresee. But 

remember, the Lord will take charge of 
that. The responsibility of choosing is 
removed from your shoulders if you 
submit all to Him. He will only make 
something better out of your life than 
you could possibly make of it yourself. 
May the Lord bless you in your de- 
cision to declare absolute allegiance to 
Him, our Master and Guide. 

Twenty-two years ago, a young girl, 
named Amy Judd, went out as a missionary 
from Liverpool, England, to the Congo, and 
there lived and died. 

She had just obtained a furlough and was 
to start in forty-eight hours from the Congo 
for Liverpool. Her baggage had been put 
on board the steamer at the Congo, but the 
night before she was stricken with Congo 
fever and in a few hours died. Her bag- 
gage came to Liverpool, but no Amy Judd. 

On opening the trunk a few days after- 
wards there was found on the inside cover 
of her Bible, drawn in most beautiful char- 
acters, engraved in different colored inks, 
showing it to be a work of love, this poem 
of George MacDonald's: 

"I said: 'Let me walk in the field.' 
He said: * No, walk in the town.' 

I said: 'There are no flowers there,' 
He said: 'No flowers, but a crown.' 

"I said: 'But the skies are black; 

There is nothing but noise and din.' 
And He wept as He sent me back — 

'There is more,' He said; 'there is sin.' 

"I said: 'But the air is thick, 

And fogs are veiling the sun.' 
He answered: 'Yet souls are sick, 

And souls in the dark undone! ' 

"I said: 'I shall miss the light, 
And friends will miss me, they say.' 

He answered: ' Choose tonight 
If I am to miss you or they.' 

" I pleaded for time to be given. 

He said: 'Is it hard to decide? 
It will not seem so hard in heaven 

To have followed the steps of your Guide. 

"Then into His hand went mine; 

And into my heart came He; 
And I walk in a light divine, 

The path I had feared to see." 

The natives of the Congo River simpl] 
adored her; her consecration, her purity oi 
life, and her personal love for them made 
her like a queen among them. 


The Missionary Visitor 




Laid on Thy altar, O my Lord divine, 

Accept this gift today for Jesus' sake; 
I have no jewels to adorn Thy shrine, 

Xor any world-famed sacrifice to make, 
But here within my trembling hand I bring 

This will of mine — a thing that seemeth 
But Thou alone, O Lord, canst understand 

How, when I yield Thee this — I yield 
my all. 

Hidden within, Thy searching gaze can see 
Struggles of passion, visions of delight, 
All that I have, or am, or fain would be — 
Deep loves, fond hopes, and longings in- 
It hath been wet with tears and hushed 
with sighs, 
Clenched in my grasp till beauty it hath 
Now from Thy footstool, where it van- 
quished lies, 
The prayer ascendeth — May Thy will be 

Take it, O Father, ere my courage fail, 
And merge it so in Thine own will that 
If in some desperate hour my cries prevail, 
And Thou give back my gift, it may have 
So changed, so purified, so fair have grown, 
So one with Thee, so filled with peace di- 
I may not feel or know it as my own, 
But gaining back my will may find it 

(Closing paragraphs of an address by 
Mr. James M. Speers on "The High Honor 
of Our Calling," delivered at the Lake Gen- 
eva Conference.) 


One of our lady missionaries (Miss I. M. 
Hughes), of Mid China, was returning home 
one evening when she met a very sad pro- 
cession. Three Chinese women were walk- 
ing along in a row. The first carried a 
basket full of paper money, and a lighted 
lantern. As she moved along she set fire 
to the paper money and dropped it on the 

The next woman carried a gong, which 
she struck constantly whilst she called out 
some one's name. The last woman bore a 
live fowl under her arm, covered up in a 
garment. She, too, was piteously calling 
for some one. All three looked very sad and 
hopeless. What was it all about? 

The person whose name they were calling 
was at home very ill and in an unconscious 
state. So the relatives thought that his soul 
had left the sick body and was wandering 

off somewhere. Could they but induce the 
soul to return, the invalid would recover. 
Quickly leaving the house they hurried 
along the streets with the gong and lantern 
and money to attract the " soul " and per- 
suade it to enter the fowl, which was 
wrapped up in the sick one's garment (to 
deceive the soul into believing that it was 
the sick man himself!). 

Then they would hurry back with the 
fowl and carry it to the sick-chamber, 
whereupon the " soul " would reenter the 
man's body and he would get better! — In- 


In Ceylon there is a place called Hang- 
wanketty. It has a celebrated temple. Of 
course there is an image of Buddha, and 
also a copy of his sacred book written in 
gold — fifty pages of thin gold leaf with the 
writing scratched upon it with a sharp 
point. Two women are prostrate before the 
idol. The floor is wet with the tears of one 
of them, who is sobbing her heart out in 

"What are they doing?" 
" Praying," the priest replies. 
"To whom? To this image?" 
"No! They can't pray to an image." 
" Then to whom are they praying? " 
"Why, to Buddha, Gautama Buddha!" 
"But has he not reached Nirvana? Is he 
not dead and gone, without sense or con- 
sciousness — like a flame when it is blown 

" Yes — that is true," answers the priest. 
" Then what is the good of it? What help 
can he give them?" 

The priest smiles and agrees, and over the 
head of that poor sobbing, sorrowing wom- 
an declares, " Yes — that's it, there is no 
good in it at all." 

Yet that is the religion of the Buddhist. 
It offers no help and no hope. It says, " Be 
your own light, your own refuge." It owns 
no God and teaches no prayer. — Exchange. 

J* & 


A missionary in Travaricore saw one 
morning a native coming to his house with 
a heavy burden. On reaching it he laid on 
the ground a sack. Unfastening it, he emp- 
tied it of its contents — a number of idols. 
"What have you brought these here for?" 
asked the missionary. " I don't want them." 
" You have taught us that we do not want 
them, sir," said the native; "but I think 
they might be put to some good use. Could 
they not be melted down and made into a 
bell for our church?" The hint was taken. 
They sent the idols to a bell-founder, who 


The Missionary Visitor 


made them into a bell which now summons FINANCIAL REPORT. 

the native converts to praise and prayer. — (Continued from Page 48.) 

Evangelical Christian. ver Dam $ 5 00 

Canada — $3.00. 

^ ^ Western District, Individuals. 

When John R. Mott was in England re- J - w - Priser and wife, 3 00 

cently on his return from the war zone, West Virginia— $2.00. 

Mr. Bonar Law, leader of the opposition Pi ^ District Individual. 

, -n •.• 1 tt e r* a. £ Solomon Fike, 2 00 

in the British House of Commons, sent for oreg-on $0 50 

him that he might confer with him on im- individual 

portant matters. During the interview he b. R. Wimer, 50 

told Mr. Mott that one of his sons, a young' 

man eighteen years of age, had enlisted and ^UV^cS ] ! ] ] ! [ ] ; ] ] \ ! $ 2.111 59 

gone to the front. Subsequently an older 1 

son, twenty-two years of age, came to him For the year so far, $ 2,843 63 

one day and told him that he thought he jiaky QUINTER, memorial, 

should enlist. Mr. Law asked him if he did Missouri $5.00. 

not think that a family that had given one Northern District, Aid Society. 

member to the war had done its duty. The Smith Fork $ 5 00 

young man replied: "We may have done _ , . _ ,, ,. — — — 

our duty as a family, but what about my Total for the month ' 'J l^_ 

duty? " For the year so far, $ 5 00 


C. A. Wright. 

Jan. 16-22.— BULSAR, INDIA. 
Pray for the Bible School. 

Pray for the industrial work. 

Pray for the boarding schools. 

Pray for the kindergarten work. 

Pray for the orphanage. 

Pray for the night school. 

Pray for the training work with the boys 
and girls. 

Pray for the out-station work. 

Thank God for the trained nurse work 
of Sisters Shumaker and Widdowson. 

Thank God for the medical work of Dr. 
A. Raymond Cottrell and Dr. Laura M. 
Jan. 23-29.— ANKLESVAR, INDIA. 

Pray for the colportage work. 

Pray for the daily Bible study and prayer 

Pray for the Bhil women, that they may 
be steadfast. 

Pray for the sewing class. 

Pray for the street preaching. 

Pray for the work in the sub-stations. 

Pray for the lay-evangelists. 

Thank God for the good done in native 

Thank God for the Widows' Home. 

Thank God for the village tour work of 
Sister Ziegler. 

Thank God for the dispensary work and 
nursing of Sister Himmelsbaugh. 

Jan. 30-Feb. 5.— DAHANU, INDIA. 
Pray for the evangelistic work- in the vil- 

Pray for a hospital for extensive medical 

Pray for the educational work, as 96 per 
cent of the people are illiterate. 

Pray that the new converts and native 
Christians be strengthened. 

Pray for daily strength for the mission- 

Pray for the colportage work, as Bro. 
Eby says it helps to undermine the founda- 
tions of superstition and idolatry. 

Thank God for the increase in educa- 
tional work. 

Thank God for the courage and determi- 
nation of the missionaries. 

Feb. 6-12.— JALALPOR, INDIA. 

Pray that more village schools may be 


Pray that indifference on the part of the 
natives may be overcome. 

Pray for the evangelistic work. 

Pray for the Boys' Orphanage. 

Pray that the strong caste feeling may be 

Pray that the workers may have health 
and strength. 

Pray that the workers may be success- 
ful in winning their way into the hearts of 
the people. 

Thank God that the church at Jalalpor is 

Thank God for the good work done in 
the Sunday-school. 

Thank God for the interest which native 
members are taking in the work. 


The Missionary Visitor 




In the November Visitor the $25.00 credited 
to Pipe Creek Sunday-school under Middle In- 
diana should have been credited to Young La- 
dies' Class of Pipe Creek Sunday-school, Mid- 
dle Indiana. 

During the month of November the General 
Mission Board sent out 102,492 pages of 

The Board is pleased to acknowledge the 
following donations to her work during the 
month of November: 


Tennessee — $1006.45. 


Limestone, $ 5 45 

Estate of Jas. Cary, Jonesboro, .. 1,000 00 

Mary Loyd, 100 

Missouri — $342.87. 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Wakenda and Rockingham, 184 54 


Rockingham, 31 15 


A Sister 5 00 

Middle District, Congregation. 

Prairie View 15 09 

From Middle District, 48 75 


Jas. M. Mohler, 4 50 

Southern District, Congregations. 

Broadwater, Ark., Dist., $10.50; 

Fairview, $10, 20 50 


Greenwood, Cabool, 2 14 


C. W. Gitt, Cabool, $25; Rebecca 
Mays, $3; J. O. and Sadie W. 
Younce, $1; Lydia C. Fuller, Car- 
thage, 20 cents; A Sister, $2, 31 20 

Virginia — $338.78. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Cedar Grove, Flat Rock, 29 00 

Estate Philip Nichter, Deceased, . 2G0 06 

L. D. Caldwell, $5; Mr. and Mrs. 
J. W. Moyer, $1; Anna Kline, Dec, 
$1; Kate Ryman, $1; Bettie .Fravel, 

$5 13 00 

Second District, Congregations. 

Lebanon, $18.75; Chimney Run, 

$2.72 21 47 


A. C. Rieley, $5; Catherine E. 

Miller, 85 cents 5 85 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Pleasant Hill 8 40 


Jennie Dintecum 1 00 

Indiana — $277.53. 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Pine Creek, $25; North Liberty, 

$1.56 26 56 

Christian Workers. 

Turkey Creek, Nappanee and 

Union Center, 9 70 


Elsie Humbarger, Columbia City, 
$5.55; Nora M. Shively, $5; J. B. 
Wise. $5; Mrs. L. Ecker, Nappanee, 
$1; Mrs. Salome Duker, Shipshe- 
wana. $1; Mrs. Jos. Weaver, $1; John 
G. Bollman, $1; J. M. Markley 
(marriage notice), 50 cents; Melvin 
D. Stutsman, Goshen City (marriage 
notice), 50 cents; Chas. O. Gump 

(marriage notice), 50 cents 21 05 

Middle District, Congregations. 

Manchester, $86.53; Salamonie, 
$48.08; West Eel River, $7.63; Lower 
Deer Creek, $13.28; Pyrmont, $22, 177 52 

W. H. Gauntt, $1.50; A brother, 
Roann, $5.10; Sarah E. Cart, Man- 
chester, $1; J. G. Stinebaugh (mar- 
riage notice), 50 cents $ 

Southern District, Congregations. 

Buck Creek, $20.15; White, $8.45, 

Jas. A. Byer and wife, $2; Chas. S. 
and Martha E. Wood, $2; A Shut-in 
Sister, $1; Mrs. Emma Hass, Ross- 

ville, $1 

Illinois— $222.73. 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Milledgeville, $32.55; Elgin, $32.50; 
Dixon, $30.30; Cherry Grove, $26.47; 
West Branch, $13.50; Naperville, 



Geo. W. Wolfensberger, Lanark, 
$50; L. J. Gerdes, Sterling, $5; W. 
S. Christner, $3; Spencer Whitmore, 
Chicago, $1; B. E. Gardner, $1; J. 
Hugh Heckman, Chicago (marriage 
notice). 5 cents; Eld. A. C. Wie- 
and, ^Chicago (marriage notice), 50 


Southern District, Congregation. 

Coal Creek, Canton, 


Bernice J. Ashmore, Blue Ridge, 

$1; Christina Bainter, $1 

Pennsylvania — $162.57. 

Western District, Congregations. 

Manor, $18; Jacobs Creek, $6.23, 

Harriet Reed, Mt. Union. $10; M. 
W. Reed, Mt. Union, $5; Bro. and 
Sister Elmer Walker, Berlin, $5; 
Melita V. Ripple, Montgomery, $1; 
Annie M. Garber, $1; A. G. Faust, 
Scalp Level (marriage notice), 50 
cents; Mary A. Townsend, $1; Sallie 
A. Helman, 50 cents; A. J. Beegh- 
ly (marriage notice). 50 cents, . . . 
Middle District, Congregation. 

Spring Run 

Missionary Society. 

Clover Creek 

Teacher Training Class. 



R. P. Good, Altoona, $15; Mrs. 
Hannah Puderbaugh, $1; Esther Lin- 
genfelter, Claar, $1; D. B. Maddocks, 
Altoona (marriage noticed, 50 cents, 
Eastern District, Individuals. 

Pauline Seese, $1; Marv AT. Light, 


Southern District, Sunday-school. 

Hampton, Upper Conewago, 


Mary Thrush and Mother, $5: Mat- 
tie F. Hollinger, $3; G. H. Arbegast, 

$1 . 

Southeastern District, Congregations. 

Coventry, $20.75; Geiger Memorial, 




West Virginia — $159.20. 
First District, Congregation. 



Lime Rock, 


Eliza Hilkev, Greenland, $15; B. 
F. Wratchford, $5; Daniel B. Spaid, 
Tearcoat, $2; Geo. T. Leatherman, 

$1; E. E. Leatherman, $1, 

Second District, Congregation. 

Mt. Zion, 

California — $111.00. 
Northern District. 

J. S. Brower, Reedley, 

8 10 

28 60 


148 72 








2 3 

24 50 
7 31 

15 00 
3 68 

17 50 

2 00 
2 00- 

9 00 









24 00 
1 35 

1 00 


The Missionary Visitor 


Southern District. 

Estate Mary Gnagey, Pasadena, . . $ 

S. Bock, Pomona, 

Maryland — $106.65. 

Western District, Congregation. 



Mrs. Maggie Burgess, Fairview, . 
Midddle District, Individual. 

Mollie E. Sigler 

Eastern District, Congregations. 

Bush Creek, $37.50; Beaver Dam, 

$14, i 


Wm. E. Gosnell and wife, $5.60; 

An individual, $10, 

Kansas — $97.35. 

Northwestern District, Congregation. 

North Solomon, 


Sarah Horting, $5; Jessie Bell, 

Burr Oak, $1, 

Northeastern Dist., Congregations. 

Overbrook, $16.67; Appanoose, 

$11.07; Sabetha, $11, 


R. A. Yoder, Sabetha (marriage 
notice), 50 cents; C. A. Shank, Ab- 
ilene (marriage notice), 50 cents,.. 
Southwestern District, Mission. 

Hutchinson, Pleasant View, 


A brother, 

Southeastern District, Congregation. 

Mont Ida 

Iowa. — $67.00. 

Northern District, Congregation. 



David Brallier and Family, Cur- 

Middle District, Congregation. 

Cedar Rapids, 


Mrs. W. J. Niswander and daugh- 
ter, $5; an aged sister, $5; J. W. 
Jarboe, Ottumwa (marriage notice), 
50 cents; Hazel Eby, 50 cents; Irving 
Haughtelin, Panora (marriage no- 
tice), 50 cents 

Southern District, Congregation. 



Mattie J. Summers, English River, 
North Dakota — $61.50. 

G. I. Michael and Family, Ken- 
mare, $50; W. H. Deardorff and wife, 
Eg eland, $10; J. M. Deeter, Minot, 
$1; E. H. Stauffer, Rock Lake (mar- 
riage notice). 50 cents, 

Washington — $55.10, 

Centralia, $13.50; Wenatchee, $41.- 

60, < 

Ohio — $48.84. 

Northwestern District, Congregation. 


Northeastern Dist., Individuals. 

A brother and sister, $5; Maria 
Zellner, Loudonville, $1; Mrs. E. M. 

McFadden, Wooster, $1, 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Sugar Hill 


Prices Creek 

Proceeds Uncle John's Waste 



Jno. Troutwine, Greenville, $5; 
A. L. Gnagey, $3; Mrs. H. S. Chal- 
fant, $1; D. D. Wine, Covington 

(marriage notice), 50 cents, 

Nebraska — $43.73. 

Bethel, $12.70; Falls City, $10.30; 
Kearney, $8.73; South Beatrice, $1, 





























24 30 

10 00 

10 20 

11 50 

10 00 

1 00 

61 50 













9 50 

32 73 


Pioneer $ 10 00 


Susanna Smith, 100 

Colorado — $38.30. 

Western District, Individuals. 

Sister L. C. Spencer, $5; D. M. 

Mohler, $2 7 00 

Northeastern District, Congregation. 

First Denver » 30 80 


D. G. Templeton (marriage notice), 50 

Denmark — $36.51. 

Churches in Denmark, 36 51 

Minnesota — $33.00. 

Minneapolis, $23; Monticello, $7,.. 30.00 


D. Warren Shock, Minneapolis, 
(marriage notices), $1; Unknown, $2, 3 00 

Florida — $15.00, 

Middleburg, 15 00 

Idaho — $15.00. 

Boise Valley, 1300 


Lizzie Greene, 2 00 

Oklahoma — $5.00. 

Mrs. E. J. Garber 5 00 

Michigan — $4.05. 

Sugar Ridge, 2 05 


D. W. Vaniman, $1; Katie Patter- 
son, Beaverton, $1, 2 00 

Kentucky — $3.00. 

John E. Dotterer, 3 00 

Canada — $2.30. 

Western District, Sunday-school. 

Sharon, 2 30 

Louisiana — $2.00. 

Ira Longenecker, Roanoke, 2 00 

North Carolina — $2.00. 

D. P. Welch, $1; Mrs. Wm. F. Friis- 

bee, $1 2 00 

Oregon — $1.00. 

Bro. Falkenstine, Weston, 50 
cents; H. H. Ritter, Mabel (marriage 

notice), 50 cents, 1 00 

Wisconsin — $1.00. 

J. M. Myers (marriage notice), 50 
cents; H. C. Baker (marriage no- 
tice), 50 cents, 1 00 

Total for the month, $ 3,259 46 

Previously received ... 27,816 46 

For the year so far $31,075 92 


Pennsylvania — $247.14. 

Western District, Congregations. 

Middle Creek, $12.20; Scullton, Mid- 
dle Creek, $10; Pike, Middle Creek, 
$18.40; Pleasant Hill, Middle Creek, 
$15.83; Fairview, Middle Creek, $7.75; 
Center, Middle Creek, $5; County 
Line, Indian Creek, $9; Trout Run, 
$10.25; Elbethel, Indian Creek, $3; 
Uniontown, Georges Creek, $12.10; 
Mt. Joy, Jacobs Creek, $23.65; Fair- 
view, Georges Creek, $18.76; Wiles 
Hill, Mt. Union, W. Va., $6.81; Lig- 
onier, $8.75; Penn Run, Manor, $15.- 
50; Diamohdville, Manor, $10; Gar- 
rett, Berlin, $9.39; Meyersdale, $20.- 

90, 217 29 

Middle District, Congregation. 

Fairview, • 7 33 


Sister J. C. Miller, Tyrone, 2 00 


The Missionary Visitor 


Southern District, Individual. 

Susan Rouzer, $ 5 50 

Southeastern Dist., Sunday-school. 

Coventry, 15 02 

Iowa— $20.00. 

Middle District, Individual. 

A brother, Dallas Center, 20 00 

Illinois— $8.64. 

Northern District, Aid Society. 

Sterling, 3 00 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 

Girard 5 64 

Tennessee — $6.25. 

Limestone 6 25 

Alabama — $2.00. 

E. J. Neher and wife, 2 00 

Canada — $1.50. 

Western District, Individuals. 

J. W. Priser and wife, 1 50 

Oregon — $1.00. 

E. R. Wimer 1 00 

Ohio— $0.75. 
Southern District. 

Proceeds Uncle John's Waste Bas- 
ket, 75 

Missouri — $0.50. 

Middle District, Individual. 

Mary M. Cox 50 

Total for the month $ 287 78 

Previously received 625 89 

For the year so far $ 913 67 

Ohio — $33.58. 
N. E. Dist., Christian Workers. 

Owl Creek, $10; Akron, $22.82, .$ 32 82 

Proceeds Uncle John's Waste Bas- 
ket 76 

Virginia— $30.00. 

Northern District, Aid Societies. 

Western Mill Creek, $20; Linville 

Creek, $10 30 00 

Pennsylvania — $25.00. 

Western District, Sunday-school. 

Reiman, Brothers Valley, 20 00 

Southern District, Individual. 

Trostle P. Dick, Antietam, 5 00 

Indiana— $19.00. 

Middle Dist., Sunday-school Classes. 

Young Married People's, Salamo- 
nie, $12; Young Ladies', Pipe Creek, 

$7, 19 00 

New Mexico — $5.00. 

Yesso, Sunshine 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 112 58 

Previously received 1,645 85 

For the year so far $ 1,758 43 

Pennsylvania — $48.80, 

Eastern District, Sunday-schools. 

Easton, $7.13; Fairview, $4.91; 
Goldsboro, $6.58; Ridgely, $23.69; 

Norristown, $6.49 $ 48 80 

Virginia— $25.00. 

Northern Dist., Sunday-school Class. 

billing Workers, Mill Creek, 25 00 

California — $17.50. 

Northern District. Christian Workers. 

Oak Grove 5 00 

Southern District, Christian Workers. 

Egan, 12 50 

Illinois — $12.50. 

Northern District. Individuals. 

Leonard F. Mattox and wife, Mt. 
Morris 12 50 

Total for the month $ 103 80 

Previously received, 386 75 

For the year so far $ 490 55 

Tennessee — $55.65. 


Meadow Branch, $25; Mountain 
Valley, $12.85; Pleasant Valley, $12; 
Beaver Creek, $5.80 $ 55 65 

Total for the month $ 55 65 

Previously received, 67 34 

For the year so far, $ 122 99 


Michigan — $5.00. 


Fred and Ethel Strohm $ 5 00 

Pennsylvania— $2.00. 
Middle District, Individual. 

Sister J. C. Miller, Tyrone 2 00 

Total for the month $ 7 00 

Previously received 400 13 

For the year so far, $ 407 13 


Pennsylvania — $2.00. 

Middle District, Individual. 

Sister J. C. Miller, Tyrone $ 2 00 

Total for the month $ 2 00 

Previously received, 27 75 

For the year so far $ 29 75 

Kansas — $27.12. 

Southwestern Dist., Sunday school. 

Monitor. , $ 23 12 


Mr. and Mrs. I. C. Vaniman 4 00 

Iowa — $20.00. 

Middle District, Individual. 

A brother, Dallas Center, 20 00 

Montana — $16.00. 

Medicine Lake, 16 00 

Indiana — $12.00. 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Union City, 12 00 

Illinois — $5.50. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Elgin 50 

Aid Society. 

Sterling 3 00 

Southern District, Individual. 

M. E. Ralston 2 00 

Virginia — $5.00. 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 

Burk Fork 5 00 

Alabama — $2.00. 

E. J. Neher and wife, 2 00 

Canada — $1.50. 

Western District, Individuals. 

J. W. Priser and wife 150 

Ohio — $1.00. 
Southern District. 

Proceeds of Uncle John's Waste 

Basket, 1 00 

Oregon — $1.00. 

E. R. Wimer 1 00 

Missouri — $0.50. 

Middle District, Individual. 

Mary M. Cox 50 

Total for the month $ 9162 

Previously received 293 43 

For the year so far $ 385 05 


Washington — $30.00. 


Seattle Chinese, $ 30 00 

Total for the month, $ 30 00 

Previously received, 49 00 

For the year so far, $ 79 00 


The Missionary Visitor 


Ohio — $2.25. 

Northeastern District, Individual. 

D. B. Snyder, Sugar Creek, $ 1 50 

Southern District. 

Proceeds Uncle John's Waste Bas- 
ket, . 75 

Pennsylvania — $2.00. 
Middle District, Individual. 

Sister J. C. Miller, Tyrone, 2 00 

Total for the month, $ 4 25 

Previously received, 471 93 

For the year so far, , $ 476 18 

Iowa— $50.00. 

Northern District, Individual. 

Samuel Sweitzer, Dec, Water- 
loo 50 00 

Ohio — $1.00. 
Southern District. 

Proceeds Uncle John's Waste Bas- 
ket, 100 

Total for the month $ 51 00 

Previously received, 139 80 

For the year so far $ 190 80 


Pennsylvania — $1.75. 

Southern District, Individual. 

Mrs. A. Mary Brown $ 175 

Ohio — $1.0O. 

Southern District. 

Proceeds Uncle John's Waste Bas- 
ket, 100 

Total for the month, $ 2 75 

Previously received, 88 56 

For the year so far, $ 9131 

Indiana — $23.60. 
Northern District, Christian Workers. 

Second South Bend, $ 18 60 


Bro. and Sister H. E. Foust 5 00 

Michigan — $5.00. 

Fred and Ethel Strohm 500 

Pennsylvania — $2.00. 
Middle District, Individual. 

Sister J. C. Miller, Tyrone, 2 00 

Ohio— $0,55. 
Southern District. 

Proceeds Uncle John's Waste Bas- 
ket, 55 

Total for the month, $ 31 15 

Previously received, 586 27 

For the year so far, $ 617 42 


Virginia — $5.00. 

Northern District, S. S. Class. 

Willing Workers, Timberville, ... $ 500 

Total for the month $ 5 00 

Previously received 25 00 

For the year so far, $ 

Virginia — $2.50. 

Northern District, S. S. Class. 

Willing Workers, Timberville, . . 

Total for the month $ 2 50 

Previously received 39 60 

For the year so far $ 42 10 

30 00 



Illinois— $25.00. 

Southern District, Individuals. 

William Lehman, $20; William K. 
Lehman, $5 $ 25 00 

Total for the month, $ 25 00 

Previously received, 310 25 

For the year so far $ 335 25 

Indiana — $4.00. 
Southern District, Christian Workers. 

Maple Grove, Lick Creek, $ 4 00 

Oregon — $1.00. 

E. R. Wimer 1 00 

Total for the month $ 5 00 

Previously received, 24 95 

For the year so far $ 29 95 

Indiana — $5.00. 

Northern District, Individuals. 

Bro. and Sister H. E. Foust $ 5-00 

Total for the month, $ 5 00 

Previously received, 8 67 

For the year so far, $ 13 6 


Illinois — $438.00. 

Northern District, Individuals. 

J. D. Lahman and wife, Franklin 
Grove, $400; Catharine Blickenstaff, 
Cerro Gordo, $25; Emma Carstensen, 

Virden, $3; A Sister, $10, $ 438 00 

Pennsylvania — $33.35. 

Eastern District, Congregation. 

Spring Creek 20 00 


Zieglers, 6 35 


Pauline Seese 1 00 

Southern District, Individuals. 

D. E. Brown, $4; Mrs. C. H. Bals- 
baugh, $1; Mrs. Lillie Lehner, $1,.. 6 00 

Ohio— $27.19. 
Northeastern Dist., Individuals. 

Mr. and Mrs. N. A. Schrock, 
Sugar Creek, $25; Mrs. E. M. Mc- 

Fadden, Wooster, $1 26 00 

Southern District. 

Proceeds Uncle John's Waste Bas- 
ket 19 


Mrs. H. S. Chalfant, 1 00 

California; — $25 .00. 

Southern District, Individual. 

Isaiah Brenaman, Lordsburg, ... 25 00 

Iowa — $16.00. 
Middle District, Congregation. 

Cedar Rapids 6 00 


W. I. Buckingham and wife, Prai- 
rie City, 10 00 

Indiana — $15.00. 

Northern District, Individuals. 

S. L. Driver and wife, $5; Ray 
Ferverda and wife, $1; Mrs. L. 
Ecker, Nappanee, $2; K. K., Nap- 

panee, $5 13 00 

Southern District, Congregation. 

White, 1 00 


A Shut-in Sister, 1 00 

Maryland — $5.00. 

Eastern District, Individuals. 

Chas. F. Miller and family, Bea- 
(Continued on Page 44.) 

General Mission Board 

of the Church of the Brethren 


D. L MILLER, Mt. Morris, 111., Life Advisory Member. 

H. C. EARLY, Penn Laird, Va. 

CHAS. D. BONSACK, New Windsor, Md. 

J. J. YODER, McPherson, Kans. 

GALEN B. ROYER, Elgin, 111. 

OTHO WINGER, North Manchester, Ind. 


H. C. EARLY, Chairman. 

CHAS. D. BONSACK, Vice-Chairman. GALEN B. ROYER, Secretary-Treasurer. 

J. H. B. WILLIAMS, Asst Secretary and Editor the Missionary Visitor. 

rm force of foreign workers. 


Wine, A. P Aagade 26, 2 Sal, Aalborg, Denmark 

Wine, Attie C, Aagade 26, 2 Sal, Aalborg, Denmark 


Buckingham, Ida Friisgatan No. 2, Malmo\ Sweden 

Graybill, J. F., Friisgatan No. 2, MalmB, Sweden 

Graybill, Alice M Friisgatan No. 2, MalmO, Sweden 


Blough, Anna V Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Bright, J. Homer Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Bright, Minnie Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Brubaker, Dr. O. G., Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Brubaker, Cora M., • Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Crumpacker, F. H., Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Crumpacker, Anna N Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Cripe, Winnie Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Flory, Raymond C, Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Flory, Lizzie N Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Horning, Emma Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Hutchison, Anna Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Metzger, Minerva, Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Vaniman, Ernest D Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Vaniman, Susie C Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Wampler, Dr. Fred J Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Wampler, Rebecca S Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 


Arnold, S. Ira Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Arnold, Elizabeth Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Blough, Anna Z Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Blough, J. M Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Cottrell, Dr. A. Raymond, Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Cottrell, Dr. Laura M Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Ebey, Adam Karadoho, via Dahanu, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Ebey, Alice K., Karadoho, via Dahanu, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Emmert, Jesse B., Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India 

Emmert Gertrude R Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India 

Eby, E. H. (on furlough), 91st and 10th Ave., N. E., R. D. Box 349, Seattle, Wash. 

Eby, Mrs. Emma H. (on furlough) 

91st and 10th Ave., N. E., R. D. Box 349, Seattle, Wash. 

Eby, Anna M Vada, Thana Dist, India 

Himmelsbaugh, Ida (on furlough), • 200 6th Ave., Altoona, Pa. 

Holsopple, Q. A Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Holsopple, Kathren R Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Kaylor, John I., Ahwa, Dangs Forest, via Billmora, India 

Kaylor, Rosa Ahwa, Dangs Forest, via Billmora, India 

Lichty, Daniel J Umalla Village, B. B. C. I. R. R., via Anklesvar, India 

Lichty, Nora A., Umalla Village, B. B. C. I. R. R., via Anklesvar, India 

Long, I. S Vyara, Surat Dist., India 

Long, Effie V., Vyara, Surat Dist., India 

Miller, Eliza B. (on furlough) R. F. D. 2, Waterloo, Iowa 

Miller, Sadie J Vyara, Surat Dist, India 

Nickey, Dr. Barbara M Vyara, Surat Dist, India 

Pittenger, J. M Ahwa, Dangs Forest, via Billmora, India 

Pittenger, Florence B Ahwa, Dangs Forest, via Billmora, India 

Powell, Josephine Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Royer, B. Mary • Vada, Thana Dist, India 

Ross, A. W Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Ross, Mrs. A. W Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Stover, W. B Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Stover, Mrs. W. B Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Shumaker, Ida C • Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Widdowson, Olive Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Ziegler, Kathryn (on furlough) Royersford, Pa. 

Postage on letters to our missionaries is 5c for each ounce or fraction thereof and 
8e for each additional ounce or fraction. 



Have You Organized Your 

Mission Study Class? 


What is required to start a class? Push. Tact.' Faith. Sympathy. 

How many are necessary for a class? At least two, and many more if you 
can get them. 

How often should the class meet? Once per week if possible. 

How long should the recitations be? Possibly about one hour. 

What book should be studied? Christian Heroism in Heathen Lands. 

How organize a Class? Get the vision. Call a meeting; or bring it before 
the Christian Workers; or the Church; or Whomsoeverl 

Organize by electing a Teacher, a President, a Secretary. Order plenty of 
^books and get at the study. 

£t is easy to start. No technical knowledge required. No ceremony needed. 

^ust Start! But above all things Begin Talking Mission Study at Once. 

: ^Christian Heroism in Heathen Lands, was written especially to fit our needs 
^ as a first book in Mission Study. Is adapted to our young people. 

> ^ Cloth Bound, post-paid, 50c 

** If you have studied Christian Heroism, well and good; then you are ac- 
quainted with methods of study and only need the suggestion of another 
Q book. 



By Brother Wilbur B. Stover 

{Q Twenty years a missionary to India . 

~ This book contains ten chapters, as follows: 

I. The Missionary Zeal of the Early Church; II. Ancient Churches of the East; 

r " H III. The Roman Catholic World; IV. The Mahomedan World: V. The Mormon 

World; VI. A Survey of China; VII. A Survey of India; VIII. Other Opportune 

Fields; IX. The Need of the City; X. The Call to the Country. XI. The Landlord 

and the Tenant; XII. What 100,000 Good People Can Do If They Want To. 

The book contains helpful appendixes, tables. Questions at the close of each 

Price, cloth bound, postpaid, $0.60. In lota of ten or more to on* address, $0.50. 

Why not organize a class? Intelligence is cheaper than ignorance, and es- 
pecially so in matters o/ worl.d wide evangelization. 

If you have further questions, write us. We shall be glad to give you all 
the help in organizing that we can; for we are laborers together with you 
in this great work. 



Elgin, Illinois 






'%* tttat gnrtlt fnrtlj ann inrrnrtlj, 
tearing nrrrinna arrn,aljaU nnnbtlraa 
torn? again tmtfj rrjninng, bringing 
Ina aljranra unth Ifim."— $aa. 125: 6. 

©nig to "brar tti? nrrrinua arrn," 

fra, ann "to gn" — 
3Ujrrr it attall arattrr, firat, ann laat, 

Nn nrrn tn knnm! 

(My tn "brar thr nrrrinna arrn"- 

ICiat tn Ijta unirr — 
"£>ljaU nnnbtlraa mm? again initlt 

Ann atjall rrjnirr"! 

"^tjall nnnbtlraa rnmr again tmtlt 
aljranra" — 
3Ftrst faitlj, tljrn aigljt! 
Irljnln! tljr trar-nimmrn nailj brrnmra 
A "atiintng light." 

K m. n. 




The Missionary Visitor 




The subscription price is included in EACH donation of a dollar or more to the 
General Board, either direct or thru any congregational collection, provided the 
dollar or more is given by one individual and in no way combined with another's 
gift. Different members of the same family may each give a dollar or more, arid 
extra subscriptions, thus secured, may upon request be sent to persons who they 
know will be interested in reading the Visitor. 

Ministers. In consideration of their services to the church, influence in assist- 
ing the Committee to raise missionary money, and upon their request annually, 
the Visitor will be sent to ministers of the Church of the Brethren. 

Foreign postage, 15 cents additional to all foreign countries including Canada. 
Subscriptions discontinued at expiration of time. 

To insure delivery of paper, prompt notice of change of address should lie 
given. When asking change of address give old address as well as new. Please 
order paper each year if possible under same name as in the previous year. 

Address all communications regarding subscriptions and make remittances 
payable to 

Brethren Publishing- House, Elgin, Illinois. 

Entered as second class matter at the postoffice at Elgin, Illinois. 

Contents for February, 1916 



"Why So Long in Coming?" Selected by Laura Sanger, 52 

Bessie M. Rider, By Samuel H. Hertzler, 54 

Nettie M. Senger, By J. D. Haughtelin, 56 

Motives that Call Me Forth, By Nettie M. Senger and Bessie M. Rider, 58 

Saved to Serve, By H. A. Claybaugh, 59 

St. Martin's Eve, By J. F. Graybill, 60 

A Conclusion, By A. F. Wine, 61 

China Notes for November, By Rebecca C. Wampler, 62 

The Value of Mission Study, By D. P. Hoover, 64 

The Mission at Muscatine, Iowa, By Leander Smith, 65 

Weekly Prayer Hour, By C. A. Wright, 74 


" Launch Out into the Deep," By Fred M. Hollenberg 63 

The Glorious Aim, By Wm. J. Tinkle, 68 

A Plea for Workers, By Bertha E. Homer, 69 

The Largest Life, By Nettie Senger 69 




The Missionary Visitor 

Volume XVIII FEBRUARY, 1916 




We are pleased to introduce to our 
readers, this month, Sisters Bessie M. 
Rider and Nettie M. Senger, who are 
going out as missionaries to China. It 
had been their intention to sail for the 
field in the early autumn, but they were 
hindered until the present moment. 
They sailed from Seattle, for Shanghai, 
Jan. 25. The prayers of the entire 
church are with them in this investment 
of their lives for the sake of the peoples 
in great darkness. 

We are pleased to note that our mis- 
sionaries in India at this time seem to be 
enjoying very good health. This is the 
busy touring season for the workers, and 
they are accepting the time with zealous 
efforts to win souls. 

A number of changes in stations have 
taken place among our workers on the 
India field. Brother and Sister John 
I. Kaylor are now located at Vada, 
Thana District, the station that has been 
without missionaries for some time. 
Brother and Sister Quincy Holsopple 
are located at Vali, or Umalla, while Dr. 
Barbara M. Nickey has been assigned 
to the station at Dahanu, though at 
present she is in language school. 
Changes in address may be noted on the 
back inside cover page of this Visitor. 

In our November, 1915, issue of the 
Visitor we made mention of the fact 
that in accordance with a law passed by 
England the China Inland Mission 
would be unable to support a mission- 
ary of a country at war with England. 
We are now glad to learn that the 

British minister to China has made an 
exception to this prohibition order, so 
that now the C. I. M. is able again to 
minister to the support of their German 

Bro. D. L. Miller, who is spending the 
winter in Cuba, writes that he is now 
the Church of the Brethren pastor on 
the island. He is busy preaching each 
Sunday, usually twice, and recently two 
were received into church fellowship. 
What a splendid thing it would be if the 
Church of the Brethren could open the 
long projected mission to that island ! 

Sister Barbara Gish, known to all un- 
der the fond title of " Aunt Barbara," 
was called from this earth to her eter- 
nal home Dec. 31, 1915. Sister Gish 
did more than any other person in our 
church to get good books, at moderate 
cost, into the hands of our ministers. 
Through the medium of the Gish Pub- 
lishing Fund, for the establishment of 
which she turned over nearly her entire 
fortune, more than 72,000 volumes have 
been distributed to our ministers. Her 
example of the use of money illustrates 
what might be done by many in our 
church if they would but consecrate 
their wealth to the Lord. 

From the report of the American 
Sunday School Union we learn that in 
the ninety-one years of its history the 
Union has organized 129,088 new Sun- 
day-schools, having 689,251 teachers and 
5,087,544 scholars. Were it not for this 
organization the altar fires would be en- 
tirely extinguished in many communi- 


The Missionary Visitor 


ties, and many once without religious 
services would now be destitute of spir- 
itual attention. It is the policy of the 
Union to keep entirely away from or- 
ganized schools in the prosecution of its 
work, and only to shepherd the terri- 
tories entirely destitute of schools. 

King George of England has 5,000,- 
000 more Mohammedan than Christian 
subjects. Even the Moslem faith is a 
home mission problem for the Christians 
of America, since we have nearly 300,- 
000 Mohammedans in the Philippines. 

It is said that a Hindu steamship 
company has been organized to protect 
Hindus from breaking caste while 
traveling, caste rules of food being 
strictly observed on board the vessels. 

While terrible persecution or mas- 
sacre is the fate of the Armenians at 
this time, it is heart stirring to know 
that the faith of the people in God is 
unquenched. A missionary's wife, writ- 
ing from Turkey, says that as she ap- 
proached groups of women seated by the 
roadside, she would hear phrases on 
their lips, such as, " Lord, I wait for 
Thee," " Lord, we hope in -Thee." 

The District of Middle Missouri has 
assumed the support of Sister Kathren 
Holsopple in India. Thus another link 
is being welded to the chain that more 
firmly knits our hearts with the great 
missionary enterprise. 

Not long since, the Sunday-school 
children of Tokio, Japan, sent up a huge 
balloon, which carried a streamer bear- 
ing the message, " God is Love." Thou- 
sands could read the message. Some 
have called Japan " heathen." But how 
different the message of their balloon 
from those of " Christian " Europe, 
whose nations are dealing forth death 
and destruction wherever opportunity 
affords ! 

More than one hundred years ago 
the great French infidel, Voltaire, de- 
clared that there would not be a copy 
of the Bible on the earth in a hundred 
years. To show how mistaken was his 
deluded brain, it is pleasant to repeat 
that today 400,000,000 copies of the 
Blessed Book are in circulation in fully 
500 different languages. Possibly he 
would consider it the irony of fate could 
he know that the Geneva Bible Society 
is using the very printing press from 
which his infidel prophecy was issued. 

The annuities paid out for Jan. 1, 
1916, amounted to $16,275.07. This was 
paid to more than 330 annuitants. That 
the number of annuitants is increasing 
is evidenced by the fact that in the same 
period last year we paid out $14,485.75, 
and the year before $12,897.10. Do you 
have funds to invest for the Lord? 
Write us. See our explanation on the 
back cover page of this Visitor. 

Through an oversight in making out 
our list of those who have finished the 
entire seal course of mission study, as 
printed some months ago, the name of 
Bro. A. G. Crosswhite was omitted. 
Bro. Crosswhite was one of the first to 
complete the course. 

Brother and Sister F. H. Crumpacker 
will return from China in the early 
spring for their furlough. In 1908, 
when they went out to China, our field 
of labor had not even been chosen. Now 
we have seventeen missionaries on that 
field, two main stations, several out-sta- 
ions, schools, dispensaries and one 
churchhouse. There are nearly one 
hundred Chinese members of the church. 
Hospitals have been authorized for 
both of the main stations, and a good 
share of the money has been donated. 
Surely, missionary sentiment is growing 
among us, even if we should have twice 
the force of workers on the China field. 


The Missionary Visitor 


It is planned that Bro. Crumpacker 
shall visit our church schools in the in- 
terest of our foreign work before the 
present school year closes. 

Some one very aptly says that if 
Christian women would dress as they 
should, the heathen women in the in- 
terior of South America could dress as 
they should. This very pertinently ex- 
presses the matter for all our mission 
fields. If the present generation of 
Christian women were willing to deny 
themselves their superfluities in dress 
and give the money to missions, their 
dark-skinned sisters would soon be 
brought to know the purity and inno- 
cence and modesty that befits the fol- 
lower of Jesus Christ. 

A brother, in sending in an amount 
for the support of an India native work- 
er, says that possibly this method of 
giving his life may be the nearest ap- 
proach to fulfillment of " Go ye " that it 
will be possible for him to make. The 
money sent represents the tithe money 
of this brother. When our church 
comes to the recognition of God's part- 
nership in our financial affairs, the same 
as we recognize the necessity of His 
partnership in our " praying affairs," we 
may expect some remarkable progress 
in missionary interests. 

The March issue of the Missionary 
Visitor promises to be one of unusual 
interest, because it is planned to make 
that number a history of the China Mis- 
sion. If your subscription is expiring, 
be sure and renew now, so that you will 
not miss this handbook of reference on 
China Mission affairs. 

Might not some of our churches learn 
a lesson about successful prayer meet- 
ings, from the mission of the English 
Church in Travancore, South India? 
The Record of Christian Work says : " In 
this church regular prayer meetings are 

not held in church buildings or in other 
central places, but each congregation is 
divided into prayer circles, consisting of 
about twelve families, and the gather- 
ings for intercessions are held in the 
houses of the members in turn." With 
these people prayer meetings are a vital 
spiritual force, as they should be. 

An Armenian agent of the British and 
Foreign Bible Society last year opened 
the first Bible depot in Abyssinia. He sold 
out nearly his entire stock in ten days. 
Within two months after the depot was 
opened 4,897 Bibles and portions in 
twelve languages had been shipped to the 
new station. The Psalms are especially 
in demand, since those people claim de- 
scent for their ruling house from the 
Queen of Sheba and King Solomon. 

Of the entire sum of $1,250,000 spent 
each year in connection with the foreign 
missions of the United Free Church of 
Scotland, about $500,000 is raised 
abroad as school and college fees, medi- 
cal fees, church contributions, etc. — 
Record of Christian Work. 

" He hurried to the telegraph office 
and queried the editor of a New York 

" ' Column story on . Shall I 

send? ' 

" The answer arrived promptly — 
' Send six hundred words/ 

" ' Can't be told in less than twelve 
hundred,' he wired back. 

"Then came this reply: 'Story of 
creation of world told in six hundred. 
Try it.' " 

The Visitor editor hereby resolves to 
try and remember this little incident for 
the sake of his own efforts at brevity, 
and for the relief of his readers. Might 
not all of us, who write, profit by past- 
ing this on the flyleaf of our correspond- 
ence tablet ? 


The Missionary Visitor 



Selected by Laura Sanger. 

IN Johnson's book about Mexico is 
a most thrilling story bearing on 
the subject of missions and bring- 
ing up the touching inquiry as to the 
disciples of Christ, " Why so long in 
coming? " 

The story, as condensed in the fol- 
lowing narrative, tells us that many 
years ago, when Mexico was almost 
wholly without the Bible, a Mexican 
gentleman of large property and in- 
fluence had in his possession a wooden 
image called " San Roman," which was 
said to have been found floating in the 
ocean, and which he seemed to think 
was almost divine in its influence. His 
estate was named after it and he built 
for it a church in which it was wor- 
shiped. When the season was dry they 
prayed to it for rain, and in sickness or 
trouble they prayed to it for relief. 

The planter of San Roman could 
neither read nor write, nor could any 
one on his large estate. 

One day when he was in Matamoros 
on business a gentleman showed him 
a Book which he said was the " Word 
of God." 

He had never before heard of it and 
asked if it was a letter, or history, or 
what; and he became so interested 
about it that he offered its owner twen- 
ty silver dollars for it, which, however, 
were declined, for the owner valued it 
as a priceless treasure and would not 
part with it. But the planter was not 
to be put off. " You," he said, " can 
get another copy and I cannot. I never 
heard till now that God had sent any 
Message to this world, but since He 
has I must have it. Take the twenty 
dollars and give me the Book." 

It was finally given to him, and with 
it he started for home. On the way he 
stopped at the house of a friend and 
urged him to come with him and read 
the wonderful Story he had bought. 

" I have a strange Book," he said, 
" and I want you to go with me and 
read it to me and my family," adding 
with a solemn air, " It is the Word of 
God to man ! " 

The two rode on to San Roman. As 
soon as they reached the place the 
planter ordered the great bell of the 
plantation to be rung, and called all the 
hands from every part of his large 
estate to hear some wonderful and im- 
portant news. After a few words of 
explanation the planter turned to his 
friend and said, " Now begin at the 
beginning of the Book and read on un- 
til we all understand its message." 

The reader began with the first chap- 
ter of Matthew and soon came to the 
verse which says that " Jesus shall 
save His people from their sins " ; then 
he went on with the story of the wise 
men and the baptism of Christ, and his 
feeding the five thousand and healing 
the sick, and even raising the dead, and 
so on to the end of the Gospel. 

The people became deeply interested 
in the new and wonderful Story. As 
they heard of the betrayal of Christ 
murmurs of sorrow ran through the 
crowd, and when Christ was crucified 
they all bowed their heads and wept. 

But as the narrative went on, and 
the Savior arose from the grave, and 
talked with His disciples and ascended 
on high, saying to His disciples, " Let 
not your heart be troubled, neither let 
it be fearful. . Ye heard how I said to 
you, ' I go away and I come again to 
you and lo, I am with you alway, even 
unto the end/ " the planter arose and 
said : " There is one thing I am most 
glad to hear, and that is the last 
words of Jesus, when He tells His 
disciples to go into all the world and 
tell these glad tidings to every 
creature. Now," he said, " some oi 
these disciples will come here tc 


The Missionary Visitor 


San Roman and will tell us all about 
this Good News and teach us, as Jesus 
taught them. They will soon be here, 
I am sure, as Christ told them. In the 
meantime we must learn to read this 
wonderful Book, that we may do what 
He commands us to do. The disciples 
have been long in coming to us, but 
the world is large, you know, and 
though there may be some delay they 
will certainly come, for Jesus has told 
them to do so." 

They began to learn to read the 
precious Book, and from time to time 
it was read to all on the plantation, 
where, as of old in Judea, " it was 
heard gladly." Year after year they 
met on the Lord's Day, till at last a 
Christian settlement was formed and 
flourished where the wooden image 
had once been worshiped. 

At length the planter heard of a man 
in Matamoros " who talked like the 
Book," and at once went in search of 
him, when he found that all Matamor- 
os was stirred with his teaching. 

It was with difficulty that the man 
could be persuaded to go so far into 
the country. But the planter was ear- 
nest and would not be denied — go he 
must and he did go and preach to the 
people at San Roman. 

Once more the great bell was rung 
and the people came crowding togeth- 
er to hear the Gospel, which had now 
become the Word of Life to them. 
When the sermon was over the plant- 
er had a question to ask. " Sir," he 
said, " you have not told us why you 
were so long in coming to us. Christ 
told you to go and preach this Message 
to every creature. How long ago was 

" Two thousand years," replied the 
missionary, awed by the look of sur- 

prise which his host turned upon him. 
"Two thousand years! And what 
have the disciples been doing, that long 
ago they did not tell all the nations, as 
Christ told them to do, especially when 
He said to them, ' I will be always 
with you '? " 

"Ah ! " said the missionary, sadly, 
" they ought everywhere to have 
spread the glad Story, but for long 
years the church has been asleep over 
her duty! But you have now heard 
the Divine Message, and let us pray 
that the Holy Spirit may so work in 
the hearts of God's people that their 
love and faith and zeal shall carry the 
Message of Salvation not only through 
Mexico but to the uttermost part of the 
earth ! " 

" Why, oh why, are they so long 
in coming?" 

This was the touching inquiry of the 
planter, and is it not sounding to the 
church from every heathen nation? 
From every hamlet and village of the 
unevangelized world comes the wail, 
sad and low, " Why didn't you tell us 
sooner, O ye who know the gospel 
truths? Why didn't you let us know 
the Savior atoned for all the world ! 
You say you are Christ's disciples, and 
yet His very last command is dis- 
obeyed by you. 'Tis indeed a wonder- 
ful Story — He loved the whole world 
so. He expected you to tell it. Why 
didn't you let us know?" 

" Go ye into all the world and preach 
My Gospel to every creature." The 
command still sounds from the lips of 
the ascended Redeemer. 

When will the church, as one man, 
rise to the work which Christ has com- 

Why so long in coming? 

It is grand to feel that the Christian, by the power of prayer, can bring down 
showers of blessing on an entire race as readily as the few drops needed for his 
own little plot. — Bishop Brent. 


The Missionary Visitor 



Samuel H. Hertzler. 

,EELING con- 
fident that a 
brief history 
of the ancestry of 
Sister Rider will 
be of interest we 
submit the follow- 
ing: Michael Rid- 
er, and Elizabeth 
his wife, the 
grandparents o f 
the subject of this 
sketch, owned and operated a 
large farm five miles northwest of 
Elizabethtowri, in Dauphin County, 
Pa. They were received into fellow- 
ship in the Church of the Brethren 
from another denomination without 
being rebaptized, before that privilege 
was denied by Annual Conference. Aft- 
er this privilege was refused by Annual 
Meeting, Brother Michael, who was a 
very zealous member, used to say, "We 
are only step-children in the church." 
The writer has wished that he might 
have lived till the time of the Hershey 
Conference, so that he might have felt 
that he was in full fellowship again. 

They were the parents of eight chil- 
dren: five girls and three boys. Adam, 
the father of Sister Bessie Rider, was 
the second youngest son. He attended 
the public school and without any furth- 
er preparation engaged in teaching for 
several years. Soon after his marriage 
to Sarah Groff, of Rheems, Lancaster 
County, Pa., he moved to Steelton, three 
miles east of Harrisburg, where he en- 
gaged in business. It was here that the 
following named children were born : 
Emma, now Mrs. Robert Hamilton, of 
Elizabethtown, Pa.; Alice and Edith, 
both of whom died in infancy, and 
Bessie May. When Bessie was two years 
old the family moved to Elizabethtown, 
where Daisy Pearl was born. Daisy 

united with the Church of the Brethren 
at Philadelphia while pursuing her art 
studies and is now teaching art in Bos- 
ton, Mass., but has engaged with Mc- 
Pherson College, Kans., for the school 
year 1916-17. The father, Adam Rider, 
did not unite with the church until 
about twelve years ago, but the mother 
became a member soon after marriage 
and continued faithful until her death 
in 1908. 

Sister Rider's grandparents on her' 
mother's side were Benjamin and Sarah 
Groff. They also had a large family of 
good, sturdy Pennsylvania-German 
stock. Her uncles and aunts on both 
sides wish her Godspeed in her chosen 
field of labor, and rendered some assist- 
ance in a substantial way, although they 
are not all members of the Church of 
the Brethren. Several years after the 
death of Sister Sarah Rider, Bessie's 
mother, her father married a second 
time and removed to Fort Louden, 
Franklin County, Pa., where he resides 
at the present time. After the father 
left town Bessie had her home with her 
sister, Mrs. Hamilton. 

Sister Rider's biography might be 
summarized thus : Born at Steelton, Pa., 
Sept. 28, 1884; came to Elizabethtown, 
Pa., with her parents in 1886, which 
place she regarded as her home to the 
time of her leaving for the foreign field. 
She attended the public schools of the 
town, graduating from the high school 
in 1901 at the age of sixteen years. She 
then took a business course, together 
with some literary work, graduating in 
the first class at Elizabethtown College 
in 1903. Then followed three years 
of office work with A. Buch's Sons, 
manufacturers of agricultural im- 
plements, in Elizabethtown. She left 
her office work in the fall of 1906 


The Missionary Visitor 


o take Bible studies at the college, 
out owing to her mother's failing 
nealth she discontinued her work at the 
college before the close of the fall term. 
She was especially devoted to her moth- 
er, and waited upon her during her pro- 
longed illness with kindest, tenderest 
:are until she passed to her reward Dec. 
3, 1908. After her mother's death she 
kept house for her father until his sec- 
ond marriage in 1910. In June, 1910, 
khe entered the General Hospital at Lan- 
caster to take a three years' course in 
nursing, graduating in 1913. She took 
the State Board examination the same 
^ear, after which she followed her pro- 
fession with marked success until called 
by the Elizabethtown church to go to 
the foreign field as a missionary. She 
accepted the call upon condition that she 
be given at least one year for further 
[preparation along spiritual lines. The 
fchurch granted the request and provided 
the funds for one year's Bible study at 
Bethany Bible School, Chicago. In the 
tneantime her application was approved 
by the District and General Mission 
Boards and at the Hershey Conference 
yy the Standing Committee and ratified 
jy the open Conference. 

Sister Rider united with the church in 
January, 1904, at the age of nineteen, 
and has proved a very faithful and ef- 
ficient church worker ever since. For 
a number of years she taught in Sunday- 
school a class of boys who were of the 
critical age at which it is hard to hold 
them, but the average attendance was 
practically the entire enrollment. Dur- 
ing the time of her training as a nurse 
at the hospital, reports fn quently came 
to our notice from patients who re- 
ceived her ministrations that she was not 
only fully equipped for her work pro- 
fessionally, but that she went far be- 
yond the mechanical process in her at- 
tentions to the patient, showing large 
sympathy and a deep concern, not only 
for the physical welfare of those whom 

she treated, but for their spiritual in- 

Aside from her splendid qualifica- 
tions as "a nurse Sister Rider is a mis- 
sionary. Since her experience at Beth- 
any in the Chinese Mission she is quite 
enthused with the prospect before her 
in the China field. We rejoice with her 
in what we regard the fine judgment of 
our Mission Board in assigning her to 
this field. Sister Rider has the analytic 
order of mind, the reasoning faculties 
predominating over the emotional. She 
has large sympathy, but is not impulsive. 
She combines, in well-balanced propor- 
tions, the qualities that make for an ef- 
ficient church worker at home or 
abroad; that cause her to diagnose a 
case before she acts; but having sized 
up the situation, impel her to act 
promptly and intelligently. Her mental 
capacity is above the ordinary, but her 
success lies in her close and persistent 
application. She is quite strong social- 
ly, but somewhat reserved. While she 
may not make as many friends as those 
who are more " forward," she retains 
them after they are made. The more 
intimately she is known the more she is 
appreciated. One of her fine qualifica- 
tions for her chosen field of service is 
her musical attainments. She has a 
splendid voice for song, as to quality 
rather than volume, and knows how to 
use it and to adapt it to conditions. 

The esteem and confidence in which 
she is held by those who know her most 
intimately may be judged by the una- 
nimity and enthusiasm with which her 
nomination was accepted ; by the refusal 
of the home church to accept a substi- 
tute because she asked for time to pre- 
pare more fully ; and also by the farther 
fact that while she was awaiting 
" marching orders " she decided to util- 
ize the time at Bethany and the church 
volunteered to defray her. expenses dur- 
ing this further preparation. If we do not 
miss our guess she will be a splendid as- 


The Missionary Visitor 


set to the band of workers now on the 
field. This conclusion is reached, not 
primarily because of her native ability 
and her preparation, but BECAUSE 
HER HEART IS IN IT. Soon after 
her conversion it was suggested to her 
that probably she would some day be 
called to mission work. The mere sug- 
gestion brought forth an expression of 
delight at the prospect. From that time 
to this she had not abandoned the hope 
of being used of the Lord on the for- 
eign field. But unlike many others she 
did not push her claim for employment, 

but went quietly about " doing good/ 
trusting that if the Lord wanted her in 
this special service He would call he 
through the recognized channel of the 
church. Sister Rider goes with the good 
wishes, the sympathies and prayers of 
the Elizabethtown church, of a large 
circle of friends in and out of the 
church, and of the GENERAL 

We wish her Godspeed and a rich 
harvest of souls for her hire. 

Elizabethtown, Pa. 



J. D. Haughtelin. 


ET T I E , 
daughter of 
Bro. Martin 
N. and Mary R. 
(Miller) Senger, 
was born at Casey, 
Iowa, May 10, 
1885. Sister Seng- 
er had the good 
fortune to be well 
born. Her ances- 
tors were pious, 
zealous members of the Church of 
the Brethren from old Virginia. Her 
parents raised three sons and six 
daughters, all of whom are members 
of the church. She was baptized 
the first Sunday of the new cen- 
tury, the first one of the family. While 
at home she went to high school, but did 
not finish there because of sickness. A 
few years were spent at North English 
in the home of her grandparents. It 
was while there that the Spirit was 
working with her and calling her to the 
mission field. She decided to give her 
life to the Lord's work in China if the 
way would open up for health and prep- 
aration. She left her Iowa home and 
went to Chicago to attend Bethany Bi- 
ble School, working most of her way as 

she went. After four years' work she 
was graduated from Bethany and re- 
ceived the diploma from the teacher- 
training department. Feeling the need 
of more literary training she entered 
North Manchester College the fall of 
1913. Last May she completed the lib- 
eral arts course and received the degree 
of bachelor of arts. 

Sister Senger was ofttimes handi- 
capped in her school work for want 
of funds, but the Lord remembered 
her in it all and was sufficient 
for every emergency. She recently 
wrote to a frend, " Many times I 
was about to the giving up point, for 
my work was hard, but God gave me 
strength and courage to keep on, and I 
am very happy to know that the work is 
done and I am ready to go." Only 
those who have had the experience know 
what it means to go through trials, and 
make sacrifices that preparation might 
be complete for the Lord's work. To 
the indifferent, selfish person it is 
strange that one so full of possibilities 
for good position and good salary would 
sacrifice so much for others — strangers, 
ignorant, superstitious, and sometimes 
cruel people in a far-away land. But 
Jesus did it, and she wants to follow 


The Missionary Visitor 


closely in His footsteps, even though it 
mean going the blood-stained way. 

All can not go to these people, but all 
can help the few who do go. She will 
soon be sailing over the great deep to 
her field of labor, where she has so long 
wanted to go; to live among a strange 
people, in a strange land, to learn a 
strange language; and for which she 
had been so long preparing. She and 
the great mission cause for which she 
has given her life need our prayers and 
our money. Will we withhold either? 
Can we pray for her success and the 
success of the cause to which she has 
consecrated her life and not contribute 
of our means? 

Sister Senger is claimed by two Dis- 
tricts. She was born and raised in the 
Middle District of Iowa, and later her 
home with her grandparents brought her 
into the Southern District of Iowa. Let 

both Districts encourage and assist her 
and make her feel that she has the true 
love of both. She had no small struggle 
to decide to do the Master's bidding 
when it meant for her to go so far away, 
and leave an invalid mother behind. 
But when she looked ahead to the joys 
of the work and to God for strength she 
gladly gave up all. Her joy in going, 
is great because of the many difficulties 
she has overcome and the nearness of 
the Lord through them all. She has 
prayed for a hard task to do for the 
Lord and He is giving it to her, but she 
needs our prayers, to be able to do those 
hard things out on the China field. Her 
burning desire is that those from her 
home church may be moved more to the 
cause of missions, and may her going 
help to work it out. May God bless her 
richly as she leaves her America home 
for another home in China. 
Panora, Iowa. 


(Said to have been written in the fifteenth 
century by a German poet.) 

God's Spirit falls on me as dewdrops on the 

If I but like a rose my heart to Him un- 

The soul wherein God dwells — what church 
can holier be? 

Becomes a walking tent of heavenly maj- 

Lo, in the silent night a child to God is 

And all is brought again that e'er was lost 
or lorn. 

Could but thy soul, O man, become a si- 
lent night, 

God would be born in thee, and set all 
things aright. 

Ye know God but as Lord, hence Lord His 
name to ye; 

I feel Him but as Love, and Love His name 
with me. 

How far from here to heaven? Not very 
far, my friend; 

A single hearty step will all thy journey 

Though Christ a thousand times in Beth- 
lehem be born, 

If He's not born in thee, thy soul is all for- 

The cross on Golgotha will never save thy 

The cross in thine own heart alone can 
make thee whole, 

Christ rose not from the dead, Christ still 
is in the grave 

If those for whom He died are still of sin 
the slave. 

Hold there; where runnest thou? Know 
heaven is in thee; 

Seekest thou for God elsewhere, His face 
thou'lt never see. 

In all eternity no tone can be so sweet 

As where man's heart with God in unison 
doth beat. 

Whate'er thou lovest, man, that, too, be- 
come thou must: 

God, if thou lovest God; dust, if thou lov- 
est dust. 

Ah, would the heart but be a manger for 
the birth, 

God would once more become a Child on 

Immeasurable is the Highest; who but 
knows it? 

And yet a human heart can perfectly en- 
close it. 


The Missionary Visitor 



Bessie M. Rider. 
As to when I first received the im- 
pulse to become a foreign missionary it 
is difficult to say. However, not long 
after uniting with the church, through 
the Missionary Visitor and various 
books used in the Missionary Reading 
Circle at that time the great need of 
laborers in the Lord's harvest was im- 
pressed upon me, causing me to feel 
that the Lord needed and desired my 
services for the spread of the kingdom 
rather than to be engaged in mere secu- 
lar pursuits. Ever since then I have de- 
sired to be more fully used of the Lord, 
and with this in view, entered upon the 
nurses' training course, not knowing 
where the Lord desired to use me after 
completion of the course, but felt that 
He had some service in store. 

The Lord was definitely leading every 
step of the way, and though some cir- 
cumstances at that time were not un- 
derstood, it is now plain to see how His 
hand was guiding in every particular. 
It was not until one year after complet- 
ing the nurses' training course, while in 
private practice, that the call came def- 
initely from the Lord to go to the for- 
eign field through the medium of my 
home church, they desiring to support 
one of their own number in the field. 

The attitude of the Elizabethtown 
church has been a great inspiration, in- 
deed, and it shall be a continual inspir- 
ation and joy to know that I shall be 
laboring as the representative of my 
own beloved home church. Could not 
many other churches do likewise, and 
thus provide both money and men for 
the great dearth existing in the Lord's 
harvest ? 

Nettie M. Senger. 
Since I knew anything at all about th< 
heathen, my heart has ached for thei 
and I longed to help them. As I gre^ 
older and learned more about Jesus 
wanted to tell the news to others. Thei 
a burning desire came to me to tell it 
to those who had had no chance tc 
know, and to go to some hard place 
where everyone did not want to go. 

While these desires were being cher 
ished, I was called upon to prepare 
missionary program for the Christian 
Workers' Meeting at North English, 
Iowa. I didn't know much about 
China, so I wrote to Elgin for literature. 
This I studied much, and from that time 
on I could not get away from the de- 
sire to go to China. At that time we 
had no mission in China, but I prayed 
for one to be opened by the tim'e I was 
ready to go, and also that God would 
have a place prepared for me in that mis- 
sion. My years of school work have 
only intensified my desire. It makes no 
difference how hard the work, or how 
small my corner, I feel nothing could 
cause me to turn my heart from the 
Chinese who need our Savior, too. The 
value of their souls urges me on to duty, 
and I must bid home friends adieu and 
go to do the will of my Father Who 
thrusts me out into fields white for the 

Pray that I may be an instrument that 
will help many to Jesus. 

Has Christ ever failed or disappoint- 
ed you in anything? Can he say as 
much of you? Have you ever failed or 
disappointed Him in anything? 

So I need never fear that the promise of yesterday will exhaust itself before 
tomorrow. God's covenant goes with us like the ever-fresh waters of the wilder- 
ness. — J. H. Jowett. 


The Missionary Visitor 



H. A. Claybaugh. 

ON a certain night, some five years 
ago, two of our brethren climbed 
a dark and dismal stairway lead- 
ing up along the side of a saloon. They 
were going to visit one of our Sunday- 
school pupils who was under conviction, 
and had expressed a desire to become a 

The door at the head of the stairs was 
opened, in response to a knock by the 
brethren. In the kitchen were the wife 
and several children. It was clear that 
the good woman was doing her best 
under the circumstances. It was also 
very evident that the circumstances 
were not very favorable. Seated on a 
chair in the adjoining room, with his 
feet on another chair, an old pipe in his 
mouth, and usually a pitcher of beer on 
the table by his side, was the father and 
husband, the subject of this sketch. 

Fifty-five years ago, in Denmark, this 
man was born. At the age of sixteen he 
left home, went to sea and became a 
sailor. He joined himself to a merchant 
vessel, and for three years spent most of 
his time on the water. The thing that 
took him away from home, country and 
loved ones, was to satisfy a longing 
which he thought was to see the world. 
During this time he visited many of the 
countries of South America, Asia, and 
Africa. He was also in most of the 
countries of Europe. 

The next year was spent as a soldier 
in the army of England. He then went 
to his home in Denmark, where he at- 
tended school for two years. A desire 
to see more of the world took hold of 
him again. Hoping to get satisfied he 
went to sea a second time. For three 
more years he had the world for his 
tramping ground. He would go to a 
country like South America, leave the 
| ship for two or three months, and go 
inland on an exploration tour. 

Still unsatisfied, he joined the United 
States Army. From here he went to 
Canada and enlisted in the army again 
for three years. It was after serving his 
time in this country that he met and 
promised a good woman to make her a 
home and to provide for her needs. For 
many years she was compelled to wit- 
ness the children's clothes, shoes, and 
food go down his throat in the form of 
beer and whiskey, and some of them go 
up in the form of tobacco smoke. 

Soon after the marriage they came to 
Chicago, where they have lived for 
about twenty-five years. He spent 
about thirty cents a day for drink and 
tobacco. This would mean over $100 
a year. This money came first. If there 
was any left it was used for the neces- 
sities of life. He now says that many 
times his wife would ask for money to 
buy some things for the children. He 
would refuse her desire. 

He said he would just as soon have 
seen the devil come in to visit him as the 
two who called to try to make a Chris- 
tian out of his child. They told him on 
that night that there was something bet- 
ter for him in life, and that his wife and 
children needed a Christian husband and 
father. They told him that God needed 
him.. The ice melted to some degree, 
and he gave his callers an invitation to 
return. The Spirit worked during the 
next few days. When the next call was 
made he said he was ready to change his 
life, if the Lord would help, and become 
a Christian. It was very inspiring to see 
him and his wife and daughter come out 
of the baptismal waters on the following 

During the years since his conversion 
he has been busy helping others. His 
family have what they need, and they 
also have the pleasure of being with a 
clean, sober father and husband. He 


The Missionary Visitor 


goes to the police station and tells the 
Gospel Message to the prisoners behind 
the bars. His testimony is also heard 
by many on the street corner and during 
his daily duties. It is very impressive 
to hear him plead with the unsaved, tell- 
ing them to get in touch with the Power 
That set him free from tobacco and 
drink; the Power That gave him what 
he was hoping to> find in his travels from 
country to country. 

This conversion to God of this broth- 
er is another testimony to the fact that 
curiosity seeking, adventure, tobacco, 
beer, whiskey, and all that accompanies 
these things, only lead to disappoint- 
ment and ruin. It is also a testimony 
that the things which do not disappoint 
are found by the one who finds Jesus 
Christ as his Savior. 

3435 V an Buren St., Chicago. 


J. F. Graybill. 

SWEDEN is a great country to honor 
its patrons. Some of them are al- 
most idolized. I think I am safe in 
saying the most prominent, or at least 
longest lived in the hearts of the Swed- 
ish people, is Martin Luther. It may 
be that kings, during their reign and 
even a short while after their death, es- 
pecially if they have died a heroic death, 
may have more honor. But I am not 
exaggerating if I say that Martin Luther 
lives to a greater degree and longer in 
the lives of these people than Sweden's 
kings. There is a cause for this. This 
patron is held before the mind of the 
child in school as soon as it can read 
and all the while it is in school until it 
is confirmed at the age of fourteen or 
fifteen. His portrait is painted in the 
most prominent place in the church. 
Thus he is held up, possibly more than 
Christ the Savior of the world, and this 
has its influence not only upon the chil- 
dren, but the older ones. We need not 
wonder that he is idolized. 

Martin Luther's birth is celebrated, 
not as many would think, with religious 
services, but by feasting on St. Martin's 
Eve, the 10th of November. The Swed- 
ish flag is hoisted all day and the schools 
have a half -holiday. The rich people, or 
those who can afford it, have " St. Mar- 
tin's goose " for supper. It is a parallel 
with the American " Thanksgiving tur- 

key." But not all in the States can afford 
to have turkey ; so it is even in Sweden. 
Not all can afford to have goose or 
chicken. Such must resort to the next 
(?) best, which, to their mind, is fish. 
The writer is fond of fish, and would 
consider the ordinary kind of fish good 
enough to celebrate St. Martin's Eve, 
but this kind does not satisfy the Swede. 
It must be " ludfisk," a kind the poorer 
people greatly relish. The fish is about 
a yard long and ten to twelve inches 
broad. When dried and pressed it re- 
sembles sole leather, but is a little thick- 
er. These can be seen in large quan- 
tities standing on end in the open fronts 
in stores over town, a week before St. 
Martin's Eve and even before Christ- 
mas. They are not appetizing to look 
at and much less to eat. Not all tastes 
are alike. 

This fish must remain some days in 
some sort of lye before it can be pre- 
pared to be served. Then there must be 
a sauce of mustard preparation to serve 
as an antidote. This is considered a fine 
dish, but I would not walk across the 
field for it. 

The evening usually is spent quietly 
at home. Possibly the more devout in 
the country assemble the family around 
the fireplace and read stories of the 
patron saint. This one can infer from 
pictures of country life. It is a com- 


The Missionary Visitor 


mendable way of spending, not only one this country keep living in the minds 

evening of the year, but every evening and hearts of their children the patron 

if the right One is worshiped. This is saint, Martin Luther. 

one of the ways by which the people of Malmo, Sweden, Dec. 3. 


A. F. Wine. 

IN order that we may see the condi- 
tions as they really are it is some- 
times necessary to close our eyes of 
faith and hearts of love, for a moment, 
to look at the facts as they really exist 
from different standpoints. By so doing 
we can see better the real condition into 
which we have fallen. 

If, after a careful reading of what 
Brethren Blough and Crumpacker say 
in the October Visitor and what Bro. 
Blough says, in connection with the call 
from the General Mission Board and 
editor, in the November number, the 
church fails to produce both workers 
and means by which to carry forward 
the work of the Lord, then there must 
certainly be something radically wrong 
with our religion, our conversion, the 
principles on which we stand or the 
standard by which we compare and 
reckon. God help us to find out where 
the real trouble lies, and then give us a 
willing mind to right the wrong. 

The above-mentioned articles ought 
fully to convince any sane person of the 
before us and the absolute NEED of im- 
mediate action. This represents the 
facts, one side of the situation. Now, 
let us look at the other side, the " stock 
on hand," the resources, with which to 
supply this need. 

At the present time we have nearly 
three hundred volunteers who have pub- 
licly confessed to God and the church 
that they are willing to go and work 
where the Lord may direct. In addition 
to these there are many others who are 
equally as well prepared to go — perhaps 
better— that ought to be ready to say, 

" Here am I, send me," after such an 
appeal from God. True, some of these 
are unable to go, because of sickness, a 
weak constitution or, perhaps, through 
marrying a wife who does not feel the 
call to go, and who would be a hindrance 
if she consented. But surely from this 
large number there are enough to sup- 
ply the NEED and to give a good re- 
serve list for future emergencies. 

The same is equally true regarding 
the means with which to support the 
workers and develop the work. We 
have an abundant source from which to 
draw. There are among us those who 
can give yearly according to the follow- 
ing figures and not miss it in the least 
at the close of the year. 

No. of Each 

Persons giving Total 

10 $200 $ 2,000 

25 100 2,500 

100 50 5,000 

500 30 15,000 

1,000 20 20,000 

3,000 10 30,000 

5,000 5 25,000 

10,000 2.50 25,000 

20,000 1 20,000 

39,635 persons would give a total of $144,500 

Thus two-fifths of our membership 
would give our Mission Board $144,500, 
to say nothing about the half and quarter 
dollars that the other three-fifths of the 
members would give willingly. The 
above figures are very conservative and 
easily understood, so that each one can 
readily see to which class he belongs, 
and then answer whether he has given 
the world-wide mission the amount 
specified during the year 1915. If not, 
do it without another day's delay, for 
there is only one cause for your not do- 


The Missionary Visitor 


ing so, and that is an unregenerated 
heart. This basis of reckoning was 
made without forgetting the poor, the 
orphans, the home mission work, the 
educational problem, etc. There would 
still be a good surplus for these different 
needy and worthy fields, and all of us 
would yet have plenty to eat and wear. 

A careful observation leads me to say 
that I know of no other denomination 
that would fail to respond with an over- 
abundance of workers and means under 
such a pressure and similar conditions. 
Even worldly organizations would read- 
ily hear such a call from their god and 
offer means to him in such a way as to 
put us Christians to shame. 

If we fail to put at the disposition of 

the General Mission Board a surplus of 
both workers and money, then it is an 
evident fact that something is wrong. 
We do not live up to our profession, and 
the words of Jesus to the Pharisees are 
none too strong for us : " For ye are 
like unto whited sepulchres, which out- 
wardly appear beautiful, but inwardly 
are full of dead men's bones and of all 
uncleanness." Repentance and con- 
version are the things above all others 
that we need, and without them we will 
in the end receive the judgment of the 
scribes and Pharisees. There are so 
many good object lessons in the world 
that it ought not to be difficult for us to 

Aalborg, Denmark. 


Rebecca C. Wampler. 

NOVEMBER 6 was a day of re- 
joicing at Liao Chou. Sixteen 
people were received into the 
church by baptism. Among these were 
five men, five women, two schoolboys 
and two schoolgirls. Our hearts are 
filled with joy when men, women and 
children, after days orf teaching and 
prayer, are willing to make a full sur- 
render and follow the Master. Dear 
reader, we ask your prayers in behalf 
of these new members, that their faith 
may be strengthened and that they may 
be bearers of the Light to their home 
people, neighbors and friends. 

This month was spent in investiga- 
ting our territory, so that we can better 
plan our future work. Dr. Brubaker 
came to Ping Ting and with Bro. Vani- 
man went north, selling Gospels, preach- 
ing to the people and looking over the 
country. They were gone a week. On 
their return, Bro. Crumpacker and Dr. 
Brubaker went east and south, reach- 
ing Liao at the end of the week. From 

there Bro. Bright and Bro, Crumpacker 
went south and west of Liao, spending 
two weeks on the trip. Many Gospels 
were sold and numerous tracts given 
away, and at almost every place the peo- 
ple were friendly and listened attentive- 
ly to the preaching. Dr. Brubaker saw a 
great many sick people the two weeks 
he was traveling. He was much missed 
at Liao during his absence, for some of 
the foreigners there were not well. We 
are glad to say that they are all very 
well at this time. 

With more than a million people in our 
field, and only six men to open up work, 
the need for workers is very, very great. 
We believe if the young men in the col- 
leges at home could have a vision of the 
field as we know it, there would be no 
lack of volunteers. And the home 
church, if she could see the peace and 
happiness the Gospel brings into the 
lives of these people, their purse strings 
would be opened wide and the gold 
would be piled out before God to be used 


The Missionary Visitor 


in bringing these needy people to a 
knowledge of the Christ. May God 
give the home church to see the great op- 
portunity she has, and may He grant 
that she take advantage of it. We are 
praying that next year will see conse- 
crated, well-prepared volunteers sent to 
the foreign fields, well supported by the 
prayers and money of the home church. 

The first patient Dr. Brubaker had on 
reaching Liao Chou was a blind man 
who had come nearly thirty miles to see 
if the foreign doctor could help him. 
This time and a second time he was sent 
away without help because Dr. Bru- 
baker's instruments had not yet come. 
Recently he came a third time, and al- 
though there seemed little chance of giv- 
ing him sight, he was operated on for 
cataract and is now able to see a little. 
He will soon return home, but he says 
he wants to learn more of the Gospel 
Story about which he heard while in 
the hospital. This man is over sixty 
years old. God grant he may receive 
spiritual sight, too, before it is too late. 

Sisters Horning and Blough spent sev- 
eral days at Le P'ing the first part of 
the month, visiting in the homes, getting 
acquainted with the women and having 
services with them. The people there 
are very friendly and we are anxious to 
do more work among them. 

Sister Hutchison and a woman helper 
went to the home of one of the Christian 
schoolboys not far from Liao a week or 
so ago. There was a fair in this village 
and they were kindly received and had 
an opportunity to tell the story of Jesus 
to many who had never heard it before. 

After many discouragements the 
workers at Liao Chou have been able 
to buy part of a very good piece of land 
outside the city on the east side. The 
rest of the piece is being negotiated for 
and we hope will be bought before long. 
This is a very desirable place for the 
rest of their work there. God has 
blessed us greatly in the buying of land 
in the last few months. To have good 
homes for the workers and the various 
phases of the work conserves energy 
and increases the amount of work done. 

A woman over fifty years old came 
with her husband to the foreign doctor 
at Ping Ting to see if he could help her. 
Their home is nearly thirty miles north 
of Ping Ting. She has rheumatism and 
her right hand is so badly crippled that 
she can not sew. When she first com- 
menced to complain they went to a na- 
tive doctor, and he stuck her hand with a 
needle in several places, causing the 
hand to become infected. This infec- 
tion caused the bones of the hand and 
wrist to grow together. While nothing 
could be done for this hand, her pain in 
other joints is much relieved and she 
goes home soon. During her stay in the 
hospital she heard of Jesus and was 
taught a few characters. She is very 
anxious to keep up her lessons in read- 
ing so she can read the Bible for herself 
and family and learn more of the Gos- 
pel. Her husband also is interested and 
they will take tracts and pamphlets back 
home with them. We hope some of our 
workers can visit their village soon, 

Little Edna Pearl Vaniman has not 
been very well this month, but we hope 
she will be better soon. 

Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China, Dec. 

"The man who does not believe in foreign missions had better burn up his New 
Testament, for it is a record of foreign missions." 


The Missionary Visitor 



D. P. Hoover. 

WE are living in a financial age. 
We think in the terms of 
values. We decide to do or not 
to do what is given us to do by how 
much money, how much pleasure, or 
how much happiness will be gained by 
doing it. If the value is not large 
enough we usually decide not to do it. 
When we have money to invest we in- 
vestigate carefully the proposition — look 
up the deed, mortgages, etc., against the 
firm or individual, and if we are con- 
vinced that it is safe, then we are ready 
to make the investment. 

We are investing money in missions. 
We are investing lives .in missions. 
Should we not study the problem and see 
whether or not the investment is a pay- 
ing proposition? I think I hear some 
one say, " When we give to the Lord's 
work we know it will do> good, and so we 
do not concern ourselves about it after-, 
ward." But, brother, we admit that it 
will do good, but might it not do more 
good if invested in some other part of 
the Lord's vineyard? 

The above statement brings us to this 
question: What is the value of mission 
study to the individual? The mission 
activities of the church are not alone 
the activities of the Mission Board, but 
the activities of the Brotherhood. Every 
member should know what is being 
done ; should know the fields where 
those who have gone out are laboring; 
should know what they are accomplish- 
ing and what their obstacles are. We 
should know not only our own fields 
and workers, but something about the 
fields in which other churches are work- 
ing and what they are accomplishing. 
When we learn to know the fields and 
the workers, we will think more about 
missions, we will pray more for mis- 

sions, we will come in more vital touch 
with the work, workers and needs of the 
field. Personally, I am more interested 
in India than the other fields, because I 
am personally acquainted with one- 
fourth of the workers in India ; but as I 
study the missions more and the lives 
of the workers in China and the other 
fields I am becoming more and more 
interested in the work on these fields. I 
doubt not that this has been the expe- 
rience of every one. The individual 
must know the fields and workers in or- 
der fully to realize his responsibility to- 
ward the mission work. 

This brings us to our second question : 
What is the value of mission study to 
the Brotherhood? When the individual 
members of the church have studied 
our fields and have become enthused 
with the' spirit of missions, then the 
Brotherhood will be filled with the mis- 
sion spirit. The congregations which 
are dying because they have not caught 
the spirit of missions will be revived. 
They will become active missionary 
congregations so soon as the member- 
ship learns to know the activities of the 
field. The General Mission Board will 
not need to close its accounts at the end 
of the year with a deficit, because a 
membership that knows the fields and 
the safe investment will invest more 
largely in the proposition that brings 
such large returns. 

In conclusion, may I ask, Do you en- 
joy reading biography? If so, you will 
enjoy studying the lives of such men as 
Judson in Burmah, Livingstone in Af- 
rica, Gilmour in Mongolia, and many 
others. Start a mission study class in 
your congregation, and we know that 
you will receive great blessings from 
your study. 

Tyrone, Pa. 

Doing nothing for others is the undoing of one's self. 


The Missionary Visitor 


The Official Board of the Muscatine Mission of the Church of the Brethren. 

Front row, left to right: A. M. Stutsman, Deacon, Eld. Leander Smith, 
Pastor, S. Wesley Smith, Deacon. 

Back row, left to right: Wm. G. Williams, Deacon, J. C. Wren, Deacon. 


* Leander Smith. 

FOR the benefit of our brethren and 
sisters, especially those who are 
helping to support the work here, 
I will give you a few lines in regard to 
the origin and the growth of this mis- 

First, Muscatine is located on the 
Mississippi River and is an enterprising 
city of 16,178 inhabitants. It is one of 
the most important cities in Iowa be- 
cause of its many resources. It is the 
pearl button center of the world. It has 
the largest sash and door factory in the 
world. Fifty-five per cent of the peo- 
ple in the county live in Muscatine. 
This brings us within the reach of many 

The Mission Board of Middle Iowa 
began work here in 1902. There were 
some members in the city at that time. 
They held their meetings in private 
houses until they could arrange to build 
a house of worship, when they bought 
a lot and built on Bridgman Street, in 
the western part of the city. 

Nov. 28, 1908, the District Mission 

Board placed Bro. T. A. Robinson and 
wife in charge of the work. At a coun- 
cil meeting March 27, 1909, the mission 
was organized as the First Church of 
the Brethren, Bro. John Zuck being 
chosen elder. Dec. 28, 1909, Bro. Rob- 
inson was advanced to the eldership. 

Bro. Robinson continued the work till 
Aug. 30, 1911, baptizing twenty- four in- 
to the fellowship of the church during 
his pastorate, doing a splendid work for 
the church, and making many friends 
in Muscatine. 

Bro. Robinson severed his connection 
with the work in August, 1911, and 
Bro. W. E. West was chosen overseer. 
The preaching was done by different 
ministers of the District until Bro. F. E. 
Miller took charge of the work March 
1, 1912. Bro. Miller continued until 
March 1, 1915, baptizing ten into the 
fellowship of the church during his pas- 
torate. Again the church was without 
a pastor, until July 1, 1915, when the 
writer and wife arrived from Elk City, 
Okla. We found some zealous work- 
ers who were trying to keep the work 


The Missionary Visitor 


going. Our official body is a splendid 
consecrated force of workers. 

We have moved our church to 1133 
Lucas Street, which is a much more de- 
sirable location. We also have a nice 
basement that furnishes room for our 
Sunday-school. We are located on the 
street car line and can be conveniently 
reached from any part of the city. 

I conducted a three weeks' series of 
meetings since taking charge of the 
work*, with two accessions. We have a 
Front Line Sunday-school, a good 
Christian Workers' Society, and prayer 

There is a large number of men and 
women in Muscatine who are employed 
in the factories. They are honest and 
respectable people, and I feel it my duty 
to try to influence them to accept Jesus 
Christ and unite with the church. 

The older we grow, the more we are 
impressed with the vast importance of 
city mission work. The cry that comes 
to us indicates that we must do some he- 
roic giving, lest this, the greatest work 
committed to the church of Jesus Christ, 
should languish, and we who profess to 
love and obey Him be put to shame. If 
people could only realize that the world 
is the field, that the church is the enlist- 
ing office for service, and that we are 

saved that we may serve ! Pastors never 
change fields; they change headquar- 
ters. " The field is the world " will cer- 
tainly sound familiar to those who read 
the New Testament. What is the pres- 
ent situation? Many give if they like 
the minister; if they do not, they give 
nothing — as if Christian responsibility 
ceased at the disinclination of the Chris- 
tian ! Selfishness is the root of Christian 

We mission workers sometimes have a 
great deal to say about the terrible trials 
we have had and the hard times we have 
passed through. Those so-called trying 
experiences are the sweetest times in our 
lives, and we love to think of them and 
would not part with them now. " Our 
light affliction, which is but for a mo- 
ment, worketh for us a far more exceed- 
ing and eternal weight of glory " (2 
Cor. 4: 17). 

We want to thank all who have con- 
tributed to the support of the work here. 
We extend a cordial invitation to visit 
us when you come to Muscatine. Take 
a West Hill car and get off at Brad- 
ford's store; the next door west is the 
church, or keep on west to Fletcher 
Avenue. I live the second house south 
of the car line on the avenue. 

440 Fletcher Ave., Muscatine, Iowa. 
Phone, 1888. 







30 35 

50 55 

65 70 75 80YRS. 




The Church and the World walked far 

On the changing shores of Time; 
And the World was singing a giddy song, 

And the Church a hymn sublime. 
" Come, give me your hand," said the merry 

" And walk with me this way." 
But the good Church hid her snowy hands, 

And solemnly answered " Nay, 
I will not give you my hand at all, 

And I will not walk with you; 
Your way is the way that leads to death; 

Your words are all untrue." 

" Nay, walk with me but a little space," 

Said the World with a kindly air; 
" The road I walk is a pleasant road, 

And the sun shines always there. 
Your path is thorny and rough and rude, 

But mine is broad and plain; 
My way is paved with flowers and dew, 

And yours with tears and pain; 
The sky to me is always blue, 

No want nor toil I know; 
The sky above you is always dark, 

Your lot is a lot of woe. 
" There's room enough for you and me, 

To travel side by side." 

Shyly the Church approached the World, 

And gave him her hand of snow; 
And the old World grasped it and walked 
Saying in accents low: 
" Your dress is too simple to please my 
I will give you pearls to wear, 
Rich velvets and silks for your graceful 
And diamonds to deck your hair." 

The Church looked down at the plain white 

And then at the dazzling World, 
And blushed as she saw his handsome lip 
With a smile contemptuous curled. 
" I will change my dress for a costlier one," 

Said the Church with a smile of grace. 
Then her pure white garments drifted away 

And the World gave in their place, 
Beautiful satins and shining silks, 

Roses and gems and costly pearls, 
While over her forehead her bright' hair 

Crisped in a thousand curls. 

" Your house is too plain," said the proud 
old World; 

"I'll build you one like mine; 
Carpets of Brussels and curtains of lace, 

And furniture never so fine." 
So he built her a costly and beautiful house; 

Most splendid it was to behold. 
Her sons and her beautiful daughters dwelt 

Gleaming in purple and gold. 

Rich fairs and shows in the halls were held, 
And the World and his children w&re 

Laughter and music and feasts were heard 

In the place that was meant for prayer. 
There were cushioned pews for the rich and 
the gay, 
To sit in their pomp and pride; 
But the poor, who were clad in shabby 
Sat meekly down outside. 

" You give too much to the poor," said the 

" Far more than you ought to do. 
If they are in need of shelter and food, 

Why need it trouble you? 
Go take your money and buy rich robes, 

Buy horses and carriages fine; 
Buy pearls and jewels and dainty food, 

Buy the rarest and costliest wine. 
My children they dote on all these things, 

And if you their love would win, 
You must do as they do, and walk in the 

That they are walking in." 

Then the Church held fast the strings of 
her purse, 
And modestly lowered her head, 
And simpered, " No doubt you are right, 
good sir; 
Henceforth I will do as you've said." 
So the poor were turned from her door in 
And she heard not the orphan's cry; 
And she drew her beautiful robes aside 

As the widows went weeping by. 
So the sons of the World and the sons of 
the Church 
Walked closely hand and heart, 
And only the Master Who knoweth all, 
Could tell the two apart. 

Then the Church sat down at her ease and 
"I am rich and my goods increase; 
I have need of nothing, nor aught to do 

But to laugh and dance and feast." 
The sly World heard, and he laughed in 
his sleeve, 
And, mocking, said aside: 
" The Church is fallen, the beautiful Church, 
And her shame is her boast and her 
The angel drew near to the mercy-seat, 

And whispered in sighs her name; 
Then the loud anthems of rapture were 
And heads were covered with shame; 
And the voice was heard at last by the 
From Him Who sat on the throne: 
" I know thy works, and how thou hast 
' I am rich,' and hast not known 
That thou art poor and naked and blind, 

And wretched before My face; 
Therefore I from My presence cast thee 
And blot thy name from its place." 

— Missionary Review. 
* Reprinted from an old copy of a church 


The Missionary Visitor 



Fred M. Hollenberg. 

SUCH luck as we have had ! It's the 
worst since I've been here; seems 
to get worse every year. Let me 
see ; I've been here now nigh unto twen- 
ty years," said an old fisherman to his 
younger companion one morning as they 
came in. 

" Yes, we used to catch fish here in 
the shallows, but they don't come now," 
rejoined the younger. 

" There are fish here, for I heard them 
splashing about all night, and all the bait 
is gone, and not a fish in the nets. I 
can't understand," replied the old fisher- 
man, dejectedly. 

As they were arranging their nets a 
Stranger happened along. He talked to 
them a bit and then said, " Launch out 
into the deep, and let down your nets for 
a draught." And what was the result? 
The nets were filled to the limit. 

It is the same today in fishing for the 
souls of men. The fishers of Christen- 
dom have fished the shallows until the 
fish are wise (?) and can no longer be 
caught, while in the depths of heathen- 
dom there has not been a fisher with his 
gospel bait. The fish have become ac- 
customed to the fishing so that they run 
when the line is thrown, while those in 
the deep are so eager for the bait that 
they will sacrifice even their lives to get 

If we wish a draught of fishes we, 
too, must do as the Master bids and 
" launch out into the deep." 

" Launch out into the deep, 

The awful depth of the world's despair; 

Hearts that are breaking, and eyes that 

Sorrow and ruin and death are there. 
And the sea is wide, 
And its pitiless tide 
Bears on its bosom away, 
Beauty and youth, 
In relentless ruth, 
To its dark abyss for aye. 

But the Master's voice comes over the 

sea — 
'Let down your nets for a draught for 


"And He stands in our midst 

On our wreck-strewn strand, 

And sweet and loving is His command. 

His loving word is to each, to all. 

And wherever that loving word is heard, 

There hang the nets of the royal word. 

Trust to the nets and not to your skill, 

Trust to the Royal Master's will. 

Let down the nets this day, this hour; 

For the word of a King is a word of power, 

And the King's own word comes over the 

1 Let down your nets for a draught for 

Me.' " 

Lordsburg College. 



Wm. J. Tinkle. 

N the Far North and in places 
where- the soil is sterile and the 
climate unfavorable it takes about 
all of one's time to get enough to eat 
and to wear. But in this country, as 
in every prosperous land, the adult 
person can earn a surplus above what 
he needs for his living. 

It remains for the individual to 
choose how he will spend this surplus 
of money or time. There are several 
ways. 1. He may dissipate it in in- 
dulging his fleshly lusts, becoming a 
glutton, a drunkard, or a fornicator. 2. 
He may take delight in his wealth and 
hoard it. 3. He may seek after the 
culture which comes from art, music, 
and society. 4. He may marry and 
rear a large family. 5. He may become 
a blessing to his fellow-man by fur- 
thering Christ's kingdom. 

The first two are extremely selfish 
and the third is but little better. If 
one follows after these alone he is like- 
ly to exclaim at the close of his life, 
" Vanity, vanity ! All is vanity." The 
fourth aim is worthy, but few have 
families large enough to take all their 
time and means. The last aim leads to 


The Missionary Visitor 


the blessed realization of having done 
something worth while. He who fol- 
lows it will hear the commendation, 
" Well done, good and faithful serv- 

Brother, how are you spending your 
surplus of time and means? 


Bertha E. Homer. 
(Note. — The author of this poem is a sister 
whose great desire is in behalf of the foreign 
field, and who longs to be there, but is hin- 
dered from going. Would that many others 
who are providentially hindered from going, 
would become real intercessors and support- 
ers in behalf of the work on yonder shores. — 
E. S. M.) 

Far off in yonder distant land, 
The heathen stand with outstretched hand. 
They cry for help, they want to know 
Who unto them God's love will show. 

Oh, who will lend a helping hand, 
To aid this poor benighted land? 
And who will tell them of the love 
Of Him Who reigns in heaven above? 

Dear Christian, if you can not go, 
To rescue them from sin and woe, 
Then unto them some offering send, 
And help some soul ere time shall end. 

And if no money you can give, 
To those who in that land do live, 
There's something you can do each day; 
You can for earnest workers pray. 

Oh, pray for workers in the field, 
At home, abroad, that they may yield 
Much fruit in service for their King, 
And many souls to Jesus bring. 

The fields a're white, laborers few, 
Chris-t calleth me, He calleth you; 
And in His strength may we each day, 
Do what we can — go, give or pray. 
3435 Van Buren St., Chicago. 

Nettie Senger. 

WE have only one apology for liv- 
ing, and that is that we may 
make the world in which we 
live better. If we do not figure in some 
phase of life that will help to better the 
world we are a negative quantity and 
will never be missed when we are gone. 
The necessary tools for this work are 
given by God as we need them. He 
may not give us all we selfishly desire, 
but He does give us all we require to 

carry on His great work. We may not 
understand His way of dealing out 
earthly possessions, but he knows best. 
We may think we could do more for 
the cause if we had more money, or 
better health, but surely if that be the 
case He would give us more, for it is 
His to give. But before we insist too 
much on having more let us carefully 
and prayerfully use what we already 
have and notice the great development 
in our own lives and the good that we 
can do. 

Living the largest life affords us a 
joy that none can know except the fol- 
lowers of Christ. We not only rejoice 
in what we are going to get, but we 
also rejoice in every step that God 
leads us in getting it. We praise Him 
for everything that comes into our life, 
whatever it be — persecutions, hard- 
ships, scourgings, or temptations — for 
we know that all things that come to 
the Christian works out for good to 
him. We have joy in forgetting our- 
selves and in spending all of life for 
others, for this brings us the closest to 
Christ that it is possible for us to get 
in this life. 

Living the largest life, which is that 
of the missionary, brings a peace into 
our souls such as surpasses anything on 
earth. It cannot be gained by earthly 
means. It -enables us to rest, although 
the storms of life may rage about us. 
This peace calms our souls and keeps 
us from being anxious about our cares. 
It helps us to look to God for suste- 
nance, with the assurance that He will 
supply all our needs, although it may 
seem impossible to us. 

Such a life is the only one that pays 
for itself. It is the only one worth 
while. It is the only one we ought to 
live, since Christ has made it possible 
at so great a price. Oh, may God lead 
us out into this large life of soul sav- 
ing; may He thrust us out into fields of 
action that we may know the blessed- 
ness of working for Him! 


The Missionary Visitor 




(An exercise calling 1 for four personations 
and the last stanza in unison, each holding a 
mite box.) 

Eskimo — 

" I lived on far Alaska's coast, 

My life was dark and dreary; 
You put me in a Christian school 

Where all was bright and cheery. * 
My home was in a smoky hut, 

When first I knew my teacher, 
My hair was never, never combed, 

I looked like a wild creature. 
Now I can read and write and spell — 

I'm feeling quite elated; 
I'd have you know this Eskimo 

Is being educated!" 

Mountaineer — 

" I came from North Carolina, 

Far up a mountain side; 
We had no church, but little school, 

And nothing much but pride. 
You sent us down a teacher 

Who said we must be good, 
And when she told of God and heaven 

We promised her we would. 
Now when I think of what I was 

Just one short year ago, 
And what you all have done for me, 

It makes my eyes o'erflow!" 

Indian — 

" You'd never think to look at me 

That once I wandered wild, 
And spent the day in idle play, 

A little Indian child. 
But so it was; my hair was long, 

My face with paint I smeared; 
So dirty and so fierce I was 

A creature to be feared. 
But these good women thought of me 

And sent me out a teacher, 
Who told me I must love the Lord 

And said I'd make a preacher. 
Now I'm a Christian student, 

I try the right to do, 
And well I know, kind ladies, 

I owe it all to you." 

Negro Child — 

" My home is down in Georgia, 

My parents both are black, 
I never had a pretty dress — 

I wore a gunny sack. 
But some good women loved me 

And sent me to a school, 
And now I read and write and cipher, 

And keep the Golden Rule. 
I brought along this little child, 

She's never had a chance, 
But if some one would take her 
. And a Christian student make her, 
They'd be proud to see 

How quickly she'd advance." 


" You'd never think — now, would you? — 

That nickels, pence and dimes 
We earn and save for Jesus 

Would bring such happy times 
To little people in our land 

Whose lives are dark and cheerless? 
But so it is — our little band, 

With faith and courage fearless, 
Believe it's true that Jesus, looking down, 

Upon His boys and girls, 
Turns their dimes to diamonds 

And their pence to pearls." 

— Junior Missionary Magazine. 


Faithful little missionaries, 

We are seven strong; 
We do the very best we can 

To help God's cause along, 
We come from islands of the sea, 

And lands so far away, ' 

To celebrate this Christmas Day. 
First — 

In China's great and vast domain, 
Of lake and river, hill and plain, 
Where millions now in darkness dwell, 
The saving power of Christ I tell. 
Second — 

In the beautiful sunrise kingdom, 

The kingdom of Japan, 
To tell them of the Savior's love, . 
And of the brighter world above, 

I do the best I can. 

Dark Africa! In that far land, 
Near great Sahara's sea of sand, 
Beside the cross of Christ I stand, 
And tell them of His saving grace, 
Who died to save their fallen race. 

Fourth — 

Those islands of the mighty sea, 

The Philippines — my chosen field; 
A harvest rich of precious souls, 
Those islands soon will yield. 

Snow-bound, and cold, and far away, 
Alaska fills my heart today; 
'Tis there I spread the joyful sound 
Of God's sweet mercy, all around. 


In Judea's distant land, 

Native land of Christ, our Lord, 
Where our Savior lived and died, 
There I preach His precious Word. 

Seventh — 

Here in America I stay, 

And for God's kingdom work and pray; 

For many needy souls are here, 

The country to my heart so dear. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Though we have never crossed the sea, 

To those great lands so far away. 
Still do we preach the Gospel there, 

And work for Jesus every day. 
Our pennies and our love we give, 

And never once forget to pray. 
With joyful hearts we seven meet, 

From countries near and far away, 

To celebrate this Christmas day. 

— Ada Blenkhorn. 


If I can bear His cross, 
What matters scorn of men, my grief and 

Ambition's failure, all that I have sought, 
Except what I in love for Christ have 


If I can see His face, 
By faith a vision of His beauty trace, 
What matter if my path be thorny now? 
I see the radiant light upon His brow. 

If I can hear His voice, 

My throbbing heart, though wounded, 
shall rejoice. 

What though I wander through bewilder- 
ing ways, 

My soul shall evermore my Savior praise. 

If I can feel His hand, 
That guides me onward to the better land, 
What though my tears must fall? I see a 

Through mists of sorrow ever shining 


Dear Lord, I turn to Thee, 
My hope in life, through death, eternity! 
Mv cross is radiant now with flowers fair, 
Oh, make my life through love a living 
prayer. — Selected. 


John 15: 5. 

Thou art the Vine — the strong and sturdy 

Whose loving tendrils round my heart en- 
Warmed by Thy genial, elevating ray, 
I rise to higher altitudes each day. 

Thou art the Vine. What would my efforts 

Without the strength that emanates from 

This heart to rule, Satanic hosts control, 
Surmount each obstacle, and reach the 


Thou art the Vine. Sheltered and fed by 

From early bloom to ripe maturity, 
Thus shall this life, devoted to Thy praise, 
Reflect Thy image through the passing 


Thou art the Vine. In Thee would I abide; 
So shall the Father's name be glorified; 
This heart's fair fruitage ever freely flow 
In loving ministration here below. 

Thou art the Vine, and I the tender branch. 

Thus having constant growth and sure ad- 

I hope some day, some blissful, glorious 

Rich golden sheaves before Thy feet to lay. 
— Mrs. Mary Williams. 


(Not long after the close of the Civil War, 
Gen. O. O. Howard addressed one of the Freed- 
men's schools, and at the close expressed a 
desire to carry some message to the northern 
people. "What shall I tell them from you?" 
and a little black boy rose quickly and said, 
"Tell 'em, Massa, we Is rising.") 

Out of the gloom of slavery's years, 
Where helpless we lay in the long night of 

fears ; 
Out of the gulf where manhood seemed 

The depth of despair by hope never 

Where the past held no comfort, the future 

no balm, 
And the present day passed in a desert-like 


"We is rising." 

Into the life of song-sweetened toil, 

Into the harvests of liberty's soil 

Where knowledge is sought and our minds 

can expand 
To the thoughts of the greatest — the ideals 

By Christ our Redeemer, the truths He has 

Into God-given duties by us to be wrought, 
"We is rising." 

Out from the life where like beasts of the 

Homeless and thoughtless, no labor could 

The treasures of freedom, and dull-eyed 

we passed 
From waking to slumber, to the grave at 

the last, 
Into the battle for God and the right^ 
Into the service where Christ is our Light. 
"We is rising." 

" ' Go, break to the needy sweet charity's 

For giving is living,' the angel said. 
'And must I be giving again and again?' 
My peevish and pitiless answer ran. 
'Oh, no!' said the angel, piercing me 

1 Just give till the Master stops giving to 

you.' " 


The Missionary Visitor 



When J. R. Miller was obliged to give 
up a part of his work as pastor of St. Paul's 
church, Philadelphia, he sent to his people 
this message: "I understand that when I 
am physically unable to do the work I 
would be doing if I were able, it is not my 
work at all. It would have been mine if 
I were strong and well. But now my duty 
is just to rest and be still and let others do 
the work which I can not do. The Good 
Shepherd's call to me now is not to follow 
in the dusty way, but to lie downin green 
pastures! Neither is the time of lying down 
lost time. From the day I landed the devil 
lurked by my side and I saw there was one 
thing he especially wanted. He wanted to 
sap my gladness, wanted to steal my song, 
to steal my laugh, to rob me of the joy of 
my life. But one day I read in this dear 
old Book, 'My heart is fixed. . . . I 
will sing' — that is, I'm going in for sing- 
ing! It was not much, only a few words, 
but it has shed glory in my darkest places 
ever since. And, friends, when you find 
yourself in peril just run to David, the 
sweet singer of Israel, and get a little 
snatch of one of his songs. Fix your heart 
on it, make it the habit of your life." — Dan 


[The word " Steady " and the word " Perse- 
verance" occur once only (Ex. 17: 12, and 
Eph. 6: 18). Both are used in connection 
with prayer.] 

Steady hands the church is needing, 

Hands uplifted unto prayer, 
Steady, persevering, pleading, 

If we would the vict'ry share. 

Steady hearts the church is needing. 

Steady in their glow of love, 
Steady in the work of feeding 

Lambs of G@d born from above. 

Steady heads the church is needing, 

Steady to direct and teach, 
Steady brains in danger heeding 

Waves that break upon the beach. 

Steady hands the church is needing, 
Steady hearts with fire aglow, 

Steady heads the signals reading — 
These are wants, as all may know. 

— H. H. 

Clarence Howard, president of the Com- 
monwealth Steel Company, familiarly 
known by his associates as " Golden Rule 
Steel Man," recently rejected an offer for 
two million dollars' worth of shrapnel to 
be used by the warring nations, saying, 
" Why, our company wouldn't take an or- 
der for fifteen million dollars' worth of 
shrapnel! Would it be a laudable thing to 
make these shells and then send them away 

so that men might murder each other with 
them? No, a thousand times, No!" Is 
there a better world ideal for peace than 
the golden rule? Eighteen million dollars 
a year for foreign missions, about $45,000,- 
000 a day for war at the present time (May) 
— it doesn't look as if we were very near 
the ideal for peace, does it? Longfellow's 
philosophy of peace was not a schoolboy's 
composition of meaningless words: 

" Were half the power that fills the world 
with terror, 
Were half the wealth bestowed on camps 
and courts, 
Given to redeem the human mind from er- 
There were no need of arsenals or forts." 
— Record of Christian Work. 


Thus speaketh Christ our Lord to us: 

Ye call Me Master, and obey Me not; 

Ye call Me the Way, and walk Me not; 

Ye call Me Life, and desire Me not; 

Ye call Me Eternal, and seek Me not; 

Ye call Me Gracious, and trust Me not; 

Ye call Me Noble, and serve Me not; 

Ye call Me Mighty, and honor Me not; 

Ye call Me Just, and fear Me not; 

If I condemn you, blame Me not. 
— From slab in Cathedral at Lubeck, Ger- 


Philip Henry, the commentator, says: 
" He who hears sermons and doth not 
do them is a monster in religion. He is 
all head and ears, having neither hands to 
work with nor feet to walk with. There 
is a disease to which children are subject, 
called the rickets, wherein their heads 
swell as large as two heads, and their legs 
are crooked, which hinders their going. We 
have many rickety Christians; they hear 
much, and their heads swell with empty 
notions and undigested opinions, but their 
legs are crooked, their walking is perverse. 
Every such person is a mocker of God, a 
deceiver of himself, a discourager of min- 
isters, a barren soil, a bad servant, a 
beholder of his natural face in a glass, a 
builder of his house upon the sand." 

Once when Frances E. Willard was de- 
livering an address she compared the work 
of temperance societies to the dykes of 
Holland. After her address a sailor boy 
went up to her and said: "Miss, I'm noth- 
ing in the world but a cobblestone, but put 
me in the wall anywhere and I'll stick." 
This reminds us of One Who "took upon 



The Missionary Visitor 


Him the form of a servant, . . . hum- 
bled Himself, . . . and became obedi- 
ent unto death, even the death of the cross." 
Oh, for more of this unselfish cobblestone 

After • Century. 

One hundred years ago, nearly every 
country in Asia and Africa was closed to 
the Gospel; there were almost no mission- 
aries; now there are 25,000 Protestant 
Christian missionaries in foreign lands. 

Then, the Bible had been translated into 
sixty-five languages or dialects; now, in- 
to more than 500. 

Then, there were contributed a few thou- 
sands of dollars a year; now $30 ; 000,000 are 
given to foreign missions by Protestant 

Then, there was no native ministry; now, 
over 112,000 pastors, evangelists, Bible 
women and other native Christians helpers. 

Then, there were no single women mis- 
sionaries; now, there are over 6,000. 

Then, there were a few mission schools 
started; now, there are over 35,000 Protes- 
tant schools and colleges, with nearly 
2,000,000 pupils. 

There are 160 publishing houses and 
mission presses, and 400 Christian periodi- 
cals published on the mission field. 

Then, no Protestant denomination, as 
such, was committed to foreign missions, 
excepting the Moravians; now, every re- 
spectable denomination has its home and 
foreign missions. 

Then, there was not one mission hospital, 
orphanage, or other charitable institution; 
now 700 mission hospitals, and over 500 
orphanages and asylums. 

Then, Judson, Carey, and Morrison had 
to labor from seven to ten years for a 
first convert; now, there are more than 
120,000 Protestant Christians added to the 
churches in heathen lands every year. — 
Missionary Review. 


By E. S. Young 

There lies upon our table a book with the 
above title, from the pen of Eld. E. S. 
Young, of Bible Outline and Bible Insti- 
tute fame. Bro. Young has been a success- 
ful Bible teacher for many years, and is 

well known, especially through his Cor- 
respondence Method of Bible Study. 

The new book, above mentioned, is writ- 
ten as a companion to the " Life of Christ, 
or Harmony of the Four Gospels." Its pri- 
mary purpose is to prepare the great truths 
of the Acts of the Apostles, in simplified 
and systematic form, for the Bible student, 
that he may more easily grasp them, and 
show him the way through this great book 
of early Christian achievement, and the be- 
ginnings of foreign missionary work. 

The book is arranged in three main parts. 
Part I. The Church in Jerusalem. Par t t II. 
The Church in Palestine. Part III. The 
Church of the Gentiles. The book is ar- 
ranged that the Scriptures be studied by 
sections. Each section is followed with 
questions. The sections are short, thus 
allowing the student to handle a section at 
a lesson. The questions and comment are 
simple and easily grasped, yet comprehen- 

It is refreshing to pick up a volume on 
the Acts of the Apostles, like this, and find 
that it follows the Scriptures so accurately, 
allowing them to do so much of the speak- 
ing. And what book should be more in- 
spiring — save the Acts of the Savior — than 
the one which leads the student into the sto- 
ry of the very fundamentals of Christian 
sacrifice and service — lessons from those 
who could not but speak the things which 
they saw and heard? 

Especially timely, too, is this volume, 
coming as it does in the year when our Sun- 
day-schools are studying the Book of Acts. 
It will prove of invaluable assistance to 
the teacher in the preparation of the les- 

The book contains 320 pages, is neatly 
bound in cloth, and for $1.75 may be ob- 
tained from the author or the Brethren Pub- 
lishing House, Elgin, 111. 

We should also like to mention in this 
connection Bro. Young^s entire set of 
books which he uses in his Correspondence 
Study of the Bible — books that have been 
prepared and used with such success and 
satisfaction in many homes. Through the 
means of these books — The Bible Outline, 
Old Testament History, New Testament 
History, Bible Geography, Life of Christ, or 
Harmony of the Four Gospels, and now 
The Acts of the Apostles — one is able at 
home carefully and systematically to study 
God's Word, profiting much thereby. 

We would recommend the course to any 
who are desirous of such study. For in- 
formation on the course, address the au- 
thor, Eld. E. S. Young, Claremont, Cal., or 
The Bible Student Company, Elgin, 111. 

" The question is not, How much of my money will I give to God? but, How much 
of God's money will I keep for myself?" 


The Missionary Visitor 



C. A. Wright. 

Feb. 13-19.— AHWA, INDIA. Pray for the health of our missionaries at 

Thank God that mission work was started ya a ' 

at this jungle station; for the establish- Bro. I. S. Long says, "We are slowly win- 

ment of a church and the several schools ning with the masses, and even certain 

at this place; and for the untiring efforts government officials, once hostile, are 

of Brother and Sister Pittenger, who seeing our good motives and the benefit 

were pioneer workers at Ahwa, having resulting from our efforts, and conse- 

toiled for six years among these people quently are assuring us of their sym- 

of the jungle mountains, endeavoring to pathy." Thank God for the encourage- 

replace their ignorance by a knowledge ment which comes from such a condition! 

of the truth, and their superstition by __ TmAn W «nTir« t- T t- t t^ 

faith in the true God. Praise God for the M ^ch 5-11.-PROSPECTIVE FIELDS, 

work at Ahwa! Pray that more of our members at the 

Pray for the school work in general. home base may realize the necessity of 

Pray that the boys and girls may take the reaching out to new fields, 

interest they should. Remember that the Gospel Invitation is for 

Pray for the native teachers. all— then pray accordingly. 

Pray that parents may realize the neces- c ^ m P 1 V with Luke 10: 2. 

sity of having their children educated. Pray for the opening of work in Soiith 

Pray that a missionary-doctor may be sent £? er j ca '. in T Africa ' in the Phili PP ine 

to this station. Islands ' m J a P an ' 

Pray for Brother and Sister Kaylor in their Ever y Clt £ j* a Prospective field. Pray that 

W Q r k more of these fields may be entered, for 

the city needs Christ, and Christ needs 

Feb. 20-26.— UMALLA, INDIA, with Vali, the city. 

Amlettha, and other neighboring villages. Pray that the General Mission Board may 

Pray for the Boys School at Undi. be divinely directed in choosing new 

Pray for the education of the Bhil women. fields 

Pr to y urs f ° r Br °* LiChty ^ hlS eVangeHstiC Pray that workers may be available so that 

Pray for Sister Miller in her work among „ prospective fields may be entered. 

the village schools. Pray for funds sufficient for opening more 

Pray for Sister Lichty in her home visita- fields. 

tion work. ^ ^ 

Pray for more and better native school FINANCIAL REPORT 


Pray for the Sunday-school work. (Continued from Page 80.) 

Thank God that the women are so teach- California— $6.00. 

able Southern District, Individuals. 

Praise God that so many village teachers n > ^"f^" M.^.*'.'.^! 6 00 

are available. Canada — $5.00. 

Thank God for the prosperous condition of Western District, Individuals. 

the work in these villages. New MeSco-^Usoo Wif G 5 °° 

Pray for Brother and Sister Holsopple as Sunday-school. 

they take up work at Umalla. Lake Arthur 5 00 

Colorado — $3.00. 

Feb. 27-March 4. — VYARA, INDIA. Northeastern District, Individual. 

rp, i /-> j r i. • ,, i Clara E. Michael, Colorado City, . 3 00 

Thank God for past success in the work Indiana $3.00. 

among the boys. Northern District, Individual. 

Pray that the girls may be more easily Barbara Weaver 2 00 

r'^UnA b Middle District, Individual. 

reacnea. ..•■„., Lottie Hummel, South Whitley, . . 1 00 

Pray that the superstition of the women Ohio— $2.50. 

may be overcome Northeastern District, Individual. 

Pray for still greater successes in Sister „***£ ffif^" 2 00 

Longs sewing school; also in the sing- Proceeds Uncle John's Waste 

ing-school, and in the work of memoriz- Basket 50 

ing Scripture verses. 7 e ^?5!£i""* 1,oa 

■rt £ fi. mi 1-1 Individual. 

Pray for the village schools. H. K. Keeble, Jonesboro $ 1 00 

Pray for a continuance of Sister Sadie J. 

Miller's success in her work among the Total for the month $ 255 36 

„•„.„ r r . • ■• n WQ „ to Previously received 2,843 63 

wives of Christian men. . 

Pray that native workers may be faithful. For the year so far $ 3,098 99 


The Missionary Visitor 



During- the month of December the General 
Mission Board sent out 112,932 pages of 

The Board acknowledges with pleasure the 
receipt of the following donations during the 
month of December: 

Pennsylvania — $1,002.22. 
Western District, Congregations. 

Maple Spring, Quemahoning. $70.- 
20; Pittsburgh, $23.62; Summit, Broth- 
ers Valley and Middle Creek, $27.- 
70; Pike, Brothers Valley, $14.87; 
Rockton, $7; Shade Creek, $75; 
Pleasant Hill, $32.50; Scalp Level, 
$52.36; Windber, $32.31; Greens- 
burg, $10; Summit Mills Cong, and 

Sunday-school, $32 $ 377 56 

Christian Workers. 

Rummel, Shade Creek 6 60 


J. Paul Kimmel, Plum Creek, 
$15.50; Mary A. Kinsey, $5; R. R. 
Reed, Mt. Union, $1.85; P. M. Say- 
ler, Summit Mills, $1.25; Mrs. Anna 
Saylor, $1; Verna I. Statler, 50 

cents 25 10 

Middle District, Congregations. 

Spring Run, $18.50; Burnham, 
Lewistown, $4.43; Carson Valley, 
$10.30; Clover Creek, $59.80; New 
Enterprise, $8.54; Dry Valley, Lewis- 
town, $7.84; Warriors Mark, $2.50; 

Lewistown, $55.32 167 23 


Lewistown, $7.24; Claar, $4.70,.. 11 94 


Phoebe Zook, $1; Hanna A. Buck, 
New Enterprise, $1; Thomas Harden, 
$1; D. T. Detwiler, New Enterprise 

(marriage notice), 50 cents 3 50 

Eastern District, Congregations. 

White Oak, $54.75; East Fairview, 
$13.65; Mechanic Grove, $12.52, ... 80 92 


Amanda Cassel, $4; Rebecca K. 
Yoder. Maiden Creek, $2; Emma Ots- 
tot, Mechanic Grove, $1; A Sister, 

$9 16 00 

Southern District, Congregations. 

Lost Creek, $27.63; Upper Cone- 
wago, $45.10; Codorus, $83.60; Marsh 

Creek, $23.63' ^. 179 96 


Mattie P. Hollinger, $2; Samuel 
Witter, Back Creek, $1; Ellen S. 
Strauser, $1; Charlotte E. Sprenkel, 
York, $1; Edward E. Sprenkel, 
York. $1; Julia K. Sprenkel, York, 
$1; Mrs. B. P. Hornberger, 50 cents; 

Two Sisters, $10 17 50 

Southeastern Dlst., Congregations . 

First Philadelphia, $50.90; Park- 
erford. $27.21; Germantown, $10.05; 
Coventry Congregation and Sunday- 
school. $27.25 115 41 


M. C. Swigart, Philadelphia (mar- 
riage notice) 50 

Illinois — $886.33. 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Franklin Grove. $145.66: Shannon, 
$74.53; Hickory Grove, $13.65; Rata- 
via, $32.45: Pine Creek. $12.11; Dong- 
las Park. Chicago, $8.70: Mt. Morris. 
Salem, Columbia and Silver Creek, 
$85; Naperville. $21.43; Yellow 
Creek. $10; West Branch. $28; Mt. 
Carroll. $2.45; Hastings Street Mis- 
sion, Chicago, $4.25; Sterling Con- 
gregation and Sunday-school, $24.20; 

Lanark, $81.74, 544 17 


Lanark, $88.64; Bethany, Chica- 
go, Graded, $35.76; Elgin, 10 cents, 124 50 


Wm. Wingerd, Lanark, $12; David 
Barkman, Franklin Grove, $1.50; Eli- 
as Weigle, Shannon, $5; Wm. R 
Thomas, Mt. Morris, $1; W. R. Brat- 
ton, Mt. Carroll, $5; E. B. Hon* (mar- 
riage notice), 50 cents; A Sister, 
Yellow Creek, $25; Sister R., 75 

cents $ 50 75 

Southern District, Congregations. 

Girard, $29.57; Liberty, $14; Blue 

' Ridge, $7; Virden, $16.70; Macoupin 

Creek, $18.50; Cerro Gordo, $34.19; 

Oakley, $16.20; Big Creek, $8.20; 

Spring Run, $2.50 146 86 


Champaign 8 30 


Elizabeth Henricks, Cerro Gordo, 
$5; Phil A. Shearer, $4.25; Ann L. 
Fitz, Astoria, $2; O. P. Haines, Cerro 
Gordo (marriage notice), 50 cents,. 11 75 

Ohio — $845.19. 
NT. W. Dist., Congregations. 

Sugar Creek, $127.69; Lick Creek, 
$43.50; Baker, $42.70; Silver Creek, 
$41.37; Logan, $20.12; Deshler, $16.50; 
Blanchard, $16; Bellefontaine, $10, 317 88 

John Hane, $3; Mrs. H. R. Swi- 
hart, $3; L. E. Kauffman, Bellefon- 
taine, $1.20; N. I. Cool (marriage no- 
tice). 50 cents 7 70 

Northeastern District, Congregations. 

Maple Grove, $33.12; Black River, 
$30.47; Zion Hill, $22; West Nimi- 
shillen, $19.85; Akron, $18.50; Woo«<- 
ter, $12; East Nimishillen, $10.50: 
Sugar Creek, $10; Chippewa, $8.33 164 77 

Beech Grove, Chippewa 16 56 


Mary A. Sh rover, $3; Mrs. Allen 
Toms, Owl Creek, $2; Mrs. Jno. F. 
Dietz, $1; Olive P. Dietz, $1; A Sister, 

$1.04 8 04 

Southern District, Congregations. 

Beaver Creek, $40; Salem, $26.48; 
Oakland, $18.70; Lower Miami, $19.- 
31; Painter Creek, $19.30; West Mil- 
ton, $17.65; New Carlisle. $17; Don- 
nels Creek, $11.95; Sidney, $10; Ft. 
McKinley. $9.76; Lower Stillwater, 
$9; Pittsburg. $11.41; Middle Dis- 
trict. $5.50; Loramie, $4.35; Rush 
Creek, $3.50; Strait Creek Valley, 
$3; Ebersole Congregation and Sun- 
day-school, $14.67; Circlevllle Mis- 
sion, $2.85 244 43 


Bethel, Salem, $9.18; Beech Grove, 
$6.47; Castine, Prices Creek, $41.30; 
Prices Creek. $21.36 78 31 

Proceeds of Uncle John's Waste 

Basket, 2 00 


Hugh Miller (marriage notice), 
50 cents; L. L. Landis, Covington, 
$2; Levi Stoner, Rush Creek, $2; Mrs. 

Levi Stoner. Rush Creek, $1 5 50 

Indiana— $848.20. 

Northern District, Congregations. 

West Goshen, $35.3'2; Rock Run, 
$63.22; Ft. Wayne, $5.11; North Lib- 
erty. $2fl.20; Second South Bend, 
$17.60; Union. $11; English Prairie, 
$18.87; Bethany. $44.62; Maple Grove, 
$5.18; Pleasant Hill. $15.90; Camp 
Creek, $18; Yellow River, $8.07; New 
Salem, $26.35; Cedar Creek, $31.11, 320 55 

Elkhart City, $15; Portage, $5, ... 20 00 


Thomas Cripe, Goshen, $25: S. B. 
Reppert and Wife, English Prairie, 


The Missionary Visitor 


$13; Daniel B. Hartman, $2; John 
Bollinger, Shipshewana, $3.50; Mr. 
and Mrs. Jno. S. Swartz. Goshen 
City, $2; Lizzie Marsh, Union, $1; 
Unknown, Goshen, 50 cents; W. H. 
Greenawalt, Goshen City (marriage 
notice), 5 cents; T. E. George, First 
South Bend (marriage notice), 50 
cents; Individuals of South Bend 

Sunday-school, 75 cents, $ 48 75 

Middle District, Congregations. 

Salamonie, $31.17; Loon Creek, 
$30; Flora, $28.37; Burnetts Creek, 
$21.23; Andrews, $12; Roann, $6.05; 
Pleasant View, $7.35; West Manches- 
ter, $10; Pipe Creek, $33.44; Mexico, 
$43.88; Markle, $10; Bachelor Run, 

$17.76; Eel River, $18.17 269 42 


Burnetts Creek 13 06 


Levi Zumbrun, $12; Priscilla 
Ohme, Roann, $3'; John H. Cupp^ 
Manchester, $2; Andrew Fouts, Peru, 
$1; I. Bruce Book (marriage notice), 
50 cents; Zelma Shively, Pipe Creek, 

30 cents, 18 80 

Southern District, Congregations. 

Four Mile, $42.70; Pyrmont, $32.- 
65; Nettle Creek, $31; Rossville, $21.- 

75 ; Arcadia, $11 139 10 


Summitville, . . . 102 


¥m. Stout, $5; Wm. Beydler and 
Family, Rossville, $5; D. W. Bow- 
man, Anderson, $2; Chas. Ellabarger, 
$2; John Rein, Upper Fall Creek, $1; 
Amanda Widows, $1; Levi S. Dilling, 
$1; Individuals of New Hope, 50 

cents 17 50 

Maryland — $474.40. 

Western District, Congregations. 

Oakland, $7.38; Bear Creek, $2, . . 9 38 


John Spoerlein and Family, $7; 
John Merrill. $5; John P. Spiker, 
Bear Creek, $1; Cora Shaffer, $1, . . 14 00 

Middle District, Congregations. 

Pleasant View, $10*0; Broadford- 
ing, Welsh Run, $50.57; Welsh Run, 
$42.90; Mt. Zion, Beaver Creek, $15.- 
08; Longmeadow, Beaver Creek, 

$11.50 220 05 


Caleb Long, $30; Daniel Moser, 
Beaver Creek, $1.25; Sister Daniel 

Roth, $1, 32 25 

Eastern District, Congregations. 

Pipe Creek, $95; Middletown Val- 
ley, $36.25; Woodberry, $20; Rocky 
Ridge, Monocacy, $13; Fulton Ave- 
nue, $9.74; Beaver Dam, $1, 174 99 


Denton, $12.23; Edgewood, $5.50', 17 73 


Mrs. Sallie Wingard, $3; Mrs. J. F. 
Danner, Pipe Creek, $1; Mavme 
Gouker, Middletown Valley, $1; Wm. 

H. Swam, $1 6 00 

Virginia— $665.76. 

First District, Congregations. 

Cloverdale, $29.03; Daleville, $14.- 

55; Furnace Chapel, $5, 48 58 

Second District, Congregations. 

Bridgewater, $100; Pleasant Val- 
ley, $58.10; Valley Bethel, $12.05; 
Middle River, $30.54; Elk Run, $12.- 
91, 213 60 

Class of Mollie Wine, Sangerville 

Sunday-school, 24 00 


John S. Flory, Bridgewater (mar- 
riage notice) 50 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Mill Creek, $58.60; Cooks Creek, 
$53.87; Greenmount, $52.50; Fairfax, 
$45.25; Harrisonburg, $20.37; Wood- 
stock, $16.05; Unity, $10.35; Lin- 

ville Creek, $10.20, $ 267 19 

Christian Workers. 

Linville Creek, 2 80 


O. D. Simmons, $1; N. C. Wine, $1; 
Lydia F. Whisler, Unity, $1; A Sis- 
ter, $10, 13 00 

Southern District, Congregations. 

Bethlehem, $21; Antioch, $10.50; 

Topeco, $9.20 40 70 


Sarah J. Hylton, Coulson, $1; Nan- 
nie Sutphin, Red Oak Grove, $1, . . . 2 00 
Eastern District, Congregations. 

Nokesville, $25; Midland, $19.14; 
Bethel, $3.85; Locust Grove, $2.40,.. 50 39 


Amzi Weimer, $1.50; Cathrine Wei- 
mer, Midland, $1; E. E. Blough, 
Nokesville (marriage notice), 50 

cents, 3 00 

California — $358.32. 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Lindsay, $66; Reedley, $49.23; Em- 
pire, $35; Butte Valley, $30.25; Rai- 
sin City, $19.63; Fresno, $17.45; Live 

Oak, $13.08; Kerman, $5.20; 235 84 


Patterson 12 88 


D. S. Musselman, 115 

Southern District, Congregations. 

Covina, $25.10; Pomona, $22.35; 
Pasadena, $20.25; Santa Fe, $13.50; 
Santee, $3.25; Egan, Hemet, $13.50, 97 95 


A brother and sister, Glendora, 
$5; An individual, $5; C. W. Guthrie, 
Los Angeles (marriage notice), 50 

cents, It) 50 

Iowa— $357.03. 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Greene, $25; Sheldon, $15.55; 
Spring Creek, $10.46; Grundy County, 

$10, 61 01 


Ralph B. Shade, $19.60; C. Freder- 
ick, Grundy County, $4; J. H. Grady, 

Waterloo, $2.85, 26 45 

Middle District, Congregations. 

Dallas Center, $66; Panther Creek, 
$45.01; Garrison, $37.65; Panora, 
Coon River, $26; Coon River, $2.25; 
Des Moines Valley, $24.93; Cedar, 

$10.10; Brooklyn, $9.50 221 44 


Lydia Ommen, $5; S. Schlotman, 
$3; Leander Smith, Muscatine, $1; 

W. H. Blough, 50 cents 9 50 

Southern District, Congregations. 

English River. $28.93; Fairview, 

$8; Council Bluffs, $1.70 38 63 

Kansas' — $320.77. 

Northwestern District, Congregations. 

Victor, $28; Maple Grove, $20 48 00 


A. C. Daggett (marriage notice), 50 

Northeastern District, Congregations. 

Morrill, $25.68; Ottawa, $18.26; 
Richland Center, $25.07; Olathe, 

$7.65; Abilene, Holland, $4.41 81 07 


Sabetha, $9.39; Ramona, $17.13, .. 26 52 


Alice Gauby, $1.20; Mable Gauby, 

$1.20, 2 40 

Southwestern District, Congregations. 

Larned Southside, $28.5 6; Bloom, 
$19.84; Pleasant View, $17.26; Slate 
Creek, $10.65; Garden City, $10.34; 
Murdock, $6; West Wichita, $5.51, 98 15 


Salem, 7 00 


E. Adamson, $1; W. A. Kinzie, Mc- 
Pherson (marriage notice), 50 cents; 
An individual, $10; A Sister, McPher- 

son, $5 16 50 


The Missionary Visitor 


Southeastern District, Congregations. 

Verdigris, $13.60; Parsons, $12.63; 

Grenola, $10; Altamont, $2.40 $ 38 63 


Fannie Stevens, 2 00 

North Dakota — $256.00. 

Berthold, $85; Cando, $60.20; Bow- 
den Valley, $17.50; Minot, $15.90; 
Williston, $14.45; Pleasant Valley, 

York, $11.50 204 55 


Cando, $10; Golden Willow, $15.25, 25 25 


Receipt No. 28649, Kenmare, $20.- 
20; J. M. Fike, $3; A Brother, A Sis- 
ter, Carrington, $3 26 20 

Nebraska — $186.95. 

Bethel, $58.12; South Beatrice, $38.- 
60; Octavia, $3t); Kearney, $8; Arca- 
dia, $6.52; Falls City, $5.25; Alvo, $6; 

Beatrice, $5.46 ' 157 95 


D. E. Price, Beatrice, $25; Levi 
Hoffert, $2; O. H. Sink, Octavia, $1; 
J. Edw. Jarboe, Lincoln (marriage 

notices), $1 29 00 

Tennessee— $186.80. 

Mountain Valley, $40; Blountville, 
$20; Knob Creek, $7.55; New Hope, 

$7; Beaver Creek, $8.25 82 80 


Beaver Creek 2 00 


W. H. Swadley, $100; Rachel 

Gross, $1; A Sister, $1 102 00 

West Virginia — $492.04. 
First District, Congregations. 

Maple Spring, Oakland, Md., $263.- 
50; Accident, Oakland, Md., $29.75; 
Brookside, Oakland, Md., $22.37; 
Glade View, Oakland, Md., $21.44; 
Sandv Creek, $67.60; Beaver Run, 
$2-6.65; Allegheny, $12.50; Brick, 
Greenland, $7.75; Greenland, $5.63; 

Bethel, $5; White Pine, $3.50 465 69 


Harness Run, 15 00 


Catherine Harper, $7.85; Mrs. Jen- 
nie Cunningham, $1; Stella A. Cos- 
ner, $1; Geo. W. Hutchison, $1.50, .. 11 35 

Missouri — $136.84. 
Northern District, Congregations. 

Smith Fork. $17.95; Bethany, 

$15.32 33 27 


North St. Joseph 6 10 


J. A. Early 5 00 

Middle District, Congregations. 

Spring Branch, $17.15; Warrens- 
burg, $12.50; Osceola, $5; Mound Val- 
ley, $5; Mineral Creek, $3; Clear 

Fork, $2.23 44 88 


John M. Mohler, $10; O. P. Hoover, 
$6; Sister N. J. Roop, South War- 
rensburg, $1; J. H. Hahn, Prairie 

View, 75 cents 17 75 

Southern District, Congregations. 

Cabool, $6.25; Oak Grove, $4.94; 

Peace Valley, $4.25 15 44 


Carthage, $10; Shoal Creek, $2.40, 12 40 


C. W. Gitt, Cabool, (marriage no- 
tice), 50 cents; A Sister, $1.50 2 00 

Michigan— $1 34.76. 

Woodland, $38.50; Woodland Vil- 
lage, $25.75; Thornapple, $15.38; 
Crystal. $14.45; Sunfield, $7.73; Riv- 
erside, $5.03; Chippewa Creek, $4.26; 
Saginaw, $4.50; Oak Grove, $2.34; 
Hart, $2; Lake View. $1.45; Onek- 
ama, $1.3D 122 69 


Chippewa Creek, $1.47; Long Lake, 

$3.10 % 4 f )7 


Hart, $6; Geo. Stivers, $1; A Sis- 
ter, 50 cents, 7 50 

Idaho — $130.41. 

Nez Perce, $46.48; Twin Falls, $39.- 
35; Boise Valley, $31.40; Weiser, 

$12.18 129 11 


S. S. Neher, Twin Falls (mar- 
riage notice), 50 cents; S. S. Red- 
mon, Nampa (marriage notice), 50 

cents 100 

Minnesota — $110.07. 

Root River, $66; Worthington, 
$13.76; Morrill, $11.60; Deer Park, 

$4.67 96 0:? 


Deer Park 7 5 4 


Mr. and Mrs D. Broadwater, $5; 
N. B. Nelson and family, $1; J. 
Schechter, Jr., Worthington (mar- 
riage notice), 50 cents 6 50 

Oklahoma— $88.56. 

Washita, $34.35; Cole, $3.05; Big 
Creek Church and Sunday-school, 

$33.91 71 31 


Isaac Williams, $10; Catharine 

Leer, $5; John Nomhold, $2.25 17 25 

Colorado — $78.97. 

Western District, Congregations. 

Fruita, $22.59; First Grand Valley, 

$11.43 34 02 


J. C. Bryant, 50 cents; J. C. Bry- 
ant (marriage notice), 50 cents, . . . 
Northeastern Dist., Congregation. 



L. G. Templeton, Colorado City, 

(marriage notice), 

Southeastern District, Congregation. 



Mrs. R. D. Nance, 

New Mexico — $57.22. 

Miami, $42.22; Pecos Valley, $15, 57 22 

Or egon— $51 .67. 

Myrtle Point, $25.82; Newberg, 

$16.10; Ashland, $4, 45 92 


H. H. Ritter 5 75 

Washington — $51.60. 

North Takima, $22.75; Wenatchee 
Park, $7; Sunnyside, $6.35; P< rtland, 

Oregon, $5, 41 10 


A. N. Hylton, Tekoa, $10; Chas. N. 
Stutsman, Wenatchee (marriage no- 
tice), 50 cents, 10 50 

Montana — $46.10. 

Milk River Valley 5 50 


Fairview, Milk River 27 60 


F. E. Adams and family, $10; V. V. 
Smith, Milk River Valley, $1; Belva 
E. Hewitt, $1; Mrs. J. T. Sollenber- 

ger, $1 13 00 

Louisiana — $38.35. 

Roanoke, «... 38 35 

Texas — $36.75. 

Manvel, $30; Bethel, $3.75; Ft. 
Worth, $3 36 75 











The Missionary Visitor 


North Carolina — $27.34. 


Brummett Creek, $10.75; Melvin 
Hill, $6; Fraternity, $3.59; Pleasant 

Church and Sunday-school, $7, $ 27 34 

South Dakota — $21.50. 

"Willow Creek 2150 

Canada — $21.30. 

Western District, Congregation. 

Battle Creek, 20 80 


Geo. Long (marriage notice), .... 50 

Arkansas — $10.80. 

Springdale, 3 20 


Members at Canfield, 7 60 

Alabama— $7.65. 

Fruitdale, 100 


W. F. Sherman, $4.65; Lucy E. 

Sherman, $2 6 65 

Wisconsin — $6.50. 

Congregation and Sunday-school. 

Chippewa Valley 6 50 

South Carolina — $5.00. 

J. I. Branscom, 5 00 

Florida— $3.00. 

Mrs. A. Buck 3 00 

Delaware — $1.00. ? I 


Ralph Cannon, 100 

Arizona — $0.50, 

Wm. Stutsman (marriage notice), 50 

Unknown — $1.10. 

Unknown, 60 cents; Unknown, 40 
cents; Unknown, 10 cents 110 

Total for the month $7,947 00 

Previously received 31,075 92 

For the year so far $39,022 92 


Pennsylvania — $141.75. 

Western District, Congregations. 

Purchase Line, Manor, $17; Glade 
Run, $13; Montgomery, $15.86; Plum 
Creek, $15.25; Maple Spring, Quema- 
honing, $36.64; Chess Creek, $3.50; 
Greenville, Rockton, $3; Red Bank, 
$18.25; Berkey, Shade Creek, $9.13; 
Morningland, Shade Creek, $2.79, ..$ 134 42 

Windber, Scalp Level, 733 

Iowa — $36.82. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Spring Creek, 10 00 

Southern District, Congregation. 

South Keokuk 26 82 

Montana — $15.15. 

Medicine Lake, 15 15 

Nebraska — $12.50. 

J. Edw. Jarboe, Lincoln, 12 50 

Oklahoma — $12.11. 

Thomas 12 11 

Colorado— $1 1.55. 

Northeastern Dist., Congregation. 

Colorado City, 2 55 


Clara E. Michael, Colo. City, $7; 

Mrs. Katie Ruch, Colo. City, $2 9 00 

Illinois — $8.00. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Shannon, 7 00 


Elgin 100 

Indiana — $5.00. 

Northern District, Aid Society. 

First South Bend 5 00 

Virginia— $1.00. 

First District, Congregation. 

Allegheny, $ 1.00 

Ohio — $0.50. 
Southern District. 

Proceeds of Uncle John's Waste 
Basket 50 

Total for the month $ 244 38 

Previously received, 913 67 

For the year so far $ 1,158 05 

Pennsylvania — $102.00. 
Western District, Sunday-school. 

Maple Spring, Quemahoning $ 40 00 


Jacob I. Fyock, Manor, 10 00 

Eastern District, Individual. 

Amanda Cassel 32 00 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 

East York, 20 00 

Indiana — $65.00. 

Middle District, Congregation. 

Spring Creek 25 00 

Young Ladies' Class, Burnett's 

Creek Sunday-school, 40 00 

Kansas — $46.25. 

N. E. Dist., Christian Workers. 

Kansas City 20 00 

Southwestern Dist., Sunday-school. 

Slate Creek 6 25 


Mrs. T. N. Carter, Kansas Cen- 
ter, 20 00 

Ohio— $37.00. 

Northeastern Dist., Sunday-school. 

East Nimishillen, 15 00 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 

Brookville, 22 00 

Illinois— $34.25. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Shannon, 8 00 


Elgin, 25 cents; Centennial, $5, ... 5.25 

Aid Societies. 

Centennial, $5; Franklin Grove, 

$16 21 00 

California — $20.00, 
Southern District. 

Boys' Class No. 5, Pomona, 20 00 

Montana — $16.00. 

Boys and Girls' Mission Band, 

Medicine Lake, 16 00 

Michigan — $8.00. 

Crystal 8 00 

Virginia— $2.00. 

Eastern District, Individuals. 

Maggie Mays, Bethel, $1; Gertrude 

Mays, Bethel, $1 2 00 

Washington— $0.65. 

Class No. 3, Wenatchee 65 

Total for the month, $ 331 15 

Previously received t 1,758 43 

For the year so far, $ 2,089 58 


Pennsylvania — $74.48. 

Eastern District, Sunday-schools. 

Palmyra, $26.20; Naphsger, $3'; 
Spring Creek, $16.16; Indian Creek, 

$25.50; East Hanover, $3.62 $ 74 48 

Virginia — $65.00. 

Northern District, Aid Society. 

East Side Mill Creek, 20 00 

Willing Workers' Class, Mill 

Creek, 25 00 

First District. 

Bible Class, Trout's, Roanoke, ... 20 00 

Ohio — $17.50. 
Northwestern Dist., Sunday-school. 

Pleasant View, 12 50 

Northeastern District. 

Willing Workers' Class, Paradise. 
Wooster, 5 00 


The Missionary Visitor 


Minnesota — $10.00. 

Worthington, $ 

Nebraska — $8.05. 

Sunshine, Kearney 

Indiana — $6.25. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Turkey Creek 

California — $6.25. 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 

Pasadena Elementary 

Total for the month, $ 

Previously received, 

For the year so far $ 


Mary land— $1 00.00. 

Eastern District. 

W. B. Yount and Wife, Meadow- 
Branch $ 

Iowa — $10.88. 

Middle Dist., Christian "Workers. 

Dallas Center 

New Mexico — $2.50. 

In memory of Helen M. Mohler, 


Ohio — $0.50. 
Southern District. 

Proceeds of Uncle John's Waste 

Total for the month, $ 

Previously received 

For the year so far, $ 


Pennsylvania — $7.50. 

Eastern District, Individuals. 

A Brother and Sister, Elizabeth- 
town, $ 

Illinois — $1.50. 

Northern District, Congregation. 


Alabama — $1.00. 

Lucy E. Sherman 

Tennessee — $1.00. 

Louisa E. Andes, Pleasant View, 

Total for the month $ 

Previously received 

For the year so far $ 


Tennessee — $35.25. 


Pleasant View, $9.53; Cedar Grove, 
$6.95; Knob Creek, $4.62; Boones 
Creek. $6.95; New Hope, $4.20; 

Blountville, $3 $ 

Virginia — $8.30. 

Southern District, Congregations. 

Pleasant Hill, $4.30; Laurel ' 
Branch, $4, 

Total for the month, $ 

Previously received, 

For the year so far, $ 

Indiana — $5.00. 
Middle District, Aid Society. 

Salamonie $ 

Kansas— $5.00. 

Southeastern District, Aid Society. 


Total for the month, $ 

Previously received 

For the year so far $ 

10 00 

8 05 

6 25 

2 5 

187 53 
490 55 

678 08 

100 00 

10 88 

2 50 


113 88 
407 13 

521 01 

7 50 
1 50 
1 00 
1 00 

11 00 
61 75 

72 75 

35 25 

8 30 

43 55 
122 99 

166 54 

5 00 

5 00 

10 00 
5 00 

15 00 

Ohio — $0.50. 
Southern District, Congregation. 

Donnels Creek $ 50 

Total for the month $ 60 

Previously received 97 35 

For the year so far $ 97 86 


California — $17.36. 

Southern District, Christian Workers. 

Pasadena $ 17 30 

Kansas — $16.00. 

Southwestern Dist., Congregation. 

Eden Valley 16 00 

Nebraska — $12.50. 

J. Edw. Jarboe, Lincoln, 12 50 

Iowa — $10.00. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Spring Creek 10 00 

Virginia — $10.59. 

Northern .District, Congregation. 

Harrisonburg 10 59 

Illinois — $7.25. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Shannon 6 00 


Elgin, 125 

Indiana- — $5.00. 

Northern District, Aid Society. 

First South Bend 5 00 

Ohio — $1.50. 
Southern District. 

Proceeds Uncle John's Waste Bas- 
ket 1 50 

South Dakota— $1.00. 

A Sister 1 00 

Idaho — $0.45. . 
Christian Workers. 

Weiser, 45 

Total for the month $ 81 65 

Previously received, 385 05 

For the year so far $ 466 70 


Indiana — $78.00. 

Northern Dist., Sunday-school. 

Walnut $ 22 00 

Sunday-school Classes. 

Loyal, Middlebury, $20; Cheerful 

Helpers, Cedar Lake, $9, 29 00 

Middle District. 

China Mission Band 11 00 

Classes 4a and 4b, Salamonie, ... 16 00 

Pennsylvania — $58.70. 
Western Dist., Christian Workers. 

Scalp Level 22 00 

Middle District, Individuals. 

Bro. and Sister L. B. Benner, 

Carson Valley 3 70 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 

East York, 22 00 

Eastern District, Class. 

Grater Mission Class, Norristown, 11 00 

New Mexico — $16.46. 


Clovis, 16 46 

Ohio — $16.00. 

Northwestern District, Congregation. 

Silver Creek 11 00 

Southern District, Individuals. 

Bro. and Sister John H. Rinehart, 5 00 

Kansas— $11.00. 
Southwestern District, Class. 

Golden Rule, Monitor 11 00 

Nebraska — $8.70. 

Morning Star and Buds of Prom- 
ise, South Beatrice 8 70 

Illinois — $8.50. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Shannon, 8 50 


The Missionary Visitor 


Oregon — $5.00. 


Evergreen, Myrtle Point, $ 


Total for the month, $ 

Previously received 

For the year so far $ 

Texas — $100.00. 


Samuel and Jane Badger, Manvel, . $ 
Maryland — $3O.O0. 

202 36 
476 18 

Western District, Class. 

Second Primary, Maple Spring, 

# Oakland I 

Kansas— $20.00. 

Northeastern District, Individual. 

A Brother, Morrill, 

New Mexico — $2.50. 

In memory of Helen M. Mohler, 


Ohio— $1.00. 
Southern District. 

Proceeds Uncle John's "Waste 


Illinois— $0.25. 

Northern District, Sunday-school. 

Elgin, $ 

Total for the month $ 

Previously received 

678 54 

100 00 

39 00 

20 00 

2 50 

1 00 


153 75 
617 42 

For the year so far $ 771 17 

Illinois— $5.00. 
Northern District, Individual. 

Noah Blough, Mt. Carroll, $ 5 00 

Canada — $1.50. 

Western District, Class. 

Irricana Primary 150 

Total for the month, $ 

Previously received 

For the year so far, $ 


Illinois— 41.00. 

Southern District, Individual. 

John D. Wagoner, Cerro Gordo, . . $ 
Ohio— $1.00. 
Southern District. 

Proceeds Uncle John's Waste 


Kansas — $0.55. 
Northwestern District. 

Class of Mrs. Flora, Quinter, .... 

6 50 
25 00 

31 50 

1 00 

1 00 


Total for the month $ 

Previously received 

For the year so far $ 


Kansas — $5.55. 

2 55 
190 80 

Northwestern District. 

Class of Mrs. Flora, Quinter, . . . 
Southwestern District, Aid Society. 


Ohio — $1.00. 
Southern District. 

Proceeds Uncle John's Waste 

193 35 

5 00 

1 00 

Total for the month $ 6 55 

Previously received, 91 31 

For the year so far $ 97 86 

Illinois— $4.00. 
Northern District, Congregation. 

Shannon, , $ 4 00 

Total for the month, $ 

Previously received 

4 00 
42 10 

California — $1 .55. 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 

Egan, Hemet, 

Maryland — $1.00. 

Eastern District, Individual. 

Wm. H. Swam 

Total for the month, 
Previously received, 

For the year so far 


Illinois— $5.00. 

Northern District, Individuals. 
H. P. Garner and wife, Batavia, . . 

Total for the month, 
Previously received, 

1 55 

1 00 

2 55 
29 95 

32 50 

5 00 

5 00 
30 00 

For the year so far, $ 35 00 

Washington — $8.95. 


Sunnyside, $ 8 95 

Indiana — $5.00. 

Northern District, Aid Society. 

First South Bend 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 

Previously received, 

For the year so far, $ 


13 95 

12 00 

Washington — $2.00. 

R. Force, $ 

Total for the month, $ 

Previously received, , 

25 95 

2 00 

2 00 
335 25 

For the year so far, $ 

46 10 

For the year so far, $ 

Texas — $100.00. 


Samuel and Jane Badger, Manvel, . $ 
Illinois— $36.95. 
Northern District, Congregations. 

Waddams Grove, $20.70; Shannon, 



Bethel, Naperville, $12; Elgin, 25 


Pennsylvania— $27.60. 
Western District, Individual. 

Mary A. Kinsey 

Middle District, Sunday-school. 


Eastern District. 

Class of Ella M. Ebersole, Han- 

overdale, Big Swatara, 


Henry Bollinger, West Conestoga, 
Southern District, Sunday-school. 

Pleasant Hill, Codorus 

Southeastern District, Individual. 

M. L. Ebert, Philadelphia, 

Iowa — $19.42. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Spring Creek, 

Class Willing Workers, Curlew, . 
Missouri — $18.30. 
Northern Dist., Christian Workers. 

Smith Fork 

Maryland — $18.75. 
Eastern District. 

Class, Willing Workers, Wash- 
ington, D. C 


Christian Krabill, Denton, 

Virginia— $8.84. 

Southern District, Congregation. 


(Continued on Page 74.) 

337 25 

100 00 

24 70 

12 25 













18 30 

8 71 
10 0( 

8 84 

General Mission Board 

of the Church of the Brethren 


D. L. MILLER, Mt. Morris, 111., Life Advisory Memi. 

H. C. EARLY, Penn Laird, Va. 

CHAS. D. BONSACK, New Windsor, Md. 

J. J. YODER, McPherson, Kans. 

GALEN B. ROYER, Elgin, 111. 

OTHO WINGER, North Manchester, Ind. 


H. C. EARLY, Chairman. 


J. H. B. WILLIAMS, Ass't Secretary and Editor the M 



Wine, A. F Aagade 26, 2 Sal, Aalborg 

Wine, Attie C, Aagade 26, 2 Sal, Aa 


Buckingham, Ida Friisgatan No. 2, Malmo, Sweden 

Graybill, J. F Friisgatan No. 2, Malmo, Sweden 

Graybill, Alice M., Friisgatan No. 2, Malmo, Sweden 


Blough, Anna V., Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Bright, J. Homer, Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Bright, Minnie, Liao Chou, Shansi, 

Brubaker, Dr. O. G., Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Brubaker, Cora M., Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Crumpacker, F. H Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, 

Crumpacker, Anna N Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, 

Cripe, Winnie, Liao Chou, Shansi, 

Flory, Raymond C, Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Flory, Lizzie N Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Horning, Emma, Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Hutchison, Anna, Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Metzger, Minerva, Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Rider, Bessie M., Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Senger, Nettie M., Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Vaniman, Ernest D., Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Vaniman, Ernest D., Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Vaniman, Susie C, Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Wampler, Dr. Fred J., Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Wampler, Rebecca S., Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

In Ma. 

Arnold, S. Ira, Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Arnold, Elizabeth, Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Blough, J. M Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Blough, Anna Z Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Cottrell, Dr. A. Raymond, Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Cottrell, Dr. Laura M., Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Ebey, Adam, FCa tadoho, via Dahanu, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Ebey, Alice K Karadoho, via Dahanu, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Emmert, Jesse B Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India 

Emmert, Gertrude R Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India 

Eby, E. H. (on furlough), 91st ami LOth Ave., N. E., R. D. Box 349, Seattle, Wash. 

Eby, Mrs. Emma H. (on furlough), 

• 91st and 10th Ave., N. E., R. D. Box 349, Seattle, Wash. 

Eby, Anna M., Vada, Thana Dist., India 

Himmelsbaugh, Ida (on furlough), 200 6th Ave., Altoona, Pa. 

Holsopple, Q. A., Umalla Village, B. B. C. I. R. R., via Anklesvar, India 

Holsopple, Kathren R Umalla Village, B. B. C. I. R. R., via Anklesvar, India 

Kaylor, John I., Vada, Thana Dist., India 

Kaylor, Rosa, ■ Vada, Thana Dist., India 

Lichty, Daniel J Umalla Village, B. B. C. I. R. R., via Anklesvar, India 

Lichty, Nora A Umalla Village, B. B. C. I. R. R., via Anklesvar, India 

Long, I. S Vyara, Surat Dist., India 

Long, Effie V • Vyara, Surat Dist., India 

Miller, Eliza B. (on furlough) R. F. D. 2, Waterloo, Iowa 

Miller, Sadie J., r Vyara, Surat Dist., India 

Nickev, Dr. Barbara M., Vyara, Surat Dist., India 

Pittinger, J. M Ahwa, Dangs Forest, via Bilimora, India 

Pittenger, Florence B Ahwa, Dangs Forest, via Bilimora, India 

Powell, Josephine, Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Royer, B. Mary Vada, Thana Dist., India 

Ross, A. W Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Ross, Mrs. A. W., Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Stover, W. B Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Stover, Mrs. W. B Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Shumaker, Ida C Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Widdowson, Olive Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Ziegler, Kathryn (on furlough) Royersford, Pa. 

Postage on letters to our missionaries is 5c for each ounce or fraction thereof and 
3c for each additional ounce or fraction. 

Are You Realizing a Fair 
Income on Your Money? 

Is your farm paying you a profit, in any- 
wise commensurate with the amount of 
money you have invested in it ? 

your desire to invest in institutions or properties that may wonderfully 
enhance in value, or have you arrived at that period of life or that con- 
dition of independence where you wish your money to earn you a fair 
rate of interest, with a sure and steady income? 

If You Desire a Certain Rate of Income, — An Income as Large as You 

Can Reasonably Expect Your Money to Earn You, — Why Not 

Investigate More Fully the Details of Our Annuity Plan? 

Our Annuity Plan has stood the test of YEARS. 
Our Annuitants all vote in its favor. 

Worth Your Consideration 

The wisest provision for 
old age is the investment cf 
funds, when still in good 
health, in an institution that 
has stood the test of years, 
which has a clean record, a 
substantial standing, stabili- 
ty of assets, a specified In- 
come commensurate with the 
fair earning power of money; 
and which promises, with the 
above requirements, the min- 
imum of worry, trouble and 

Some Advantages of Our Annuity Plan 

Your investment is secure. 
There is no trouble in collections. 
No loss of time in the investment. 
No depreciation of investment. 
Income is sure. No taxes. 

You are your own executor. 
No speculation in investment. 
Your money is invested in first 

mortgages on farm real estate. 
Provision is made for old age. 

Your investment assists in carrying the Gospel to the whole world. 

The plan through which you invest with us is easy. A postcard in- 
quiry will reveal it all to you. 

Are you interested? 

General Mission Board 

Why not write us? 

Elgin, Illinois 

._^% ._*% .5* -^^W -^% ,2& • ^* V7* ^7* V^* V?* V7* ^* ?<7* V?* '^* Vv* i^* *^* ^5^ ^5» vS *.■?* -,% * v ^* Vv* * ^* V^* V7» V?* ^5* V?* 'v^* t^* 5^** v5* 5^5* V7* !&* *^» c£* < 


MARCH : : 1916 

Vol. XVIII, No. 3 



■'■V,.' s 

Church of the Brethren, Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 
Dedicated December 12, 1915 

History of the China Mission 



• V? j? a^ ar a? a? a*- a? a^ a? js* a? a? a*' - a? & & &*?*?*? ar- ar ar- jr a? a^ af- a? a*"' a^ a? a^ ^ *? & a^ a^ a^ a? a^ 

The Missionary Visitor 




The subscription price is included in EACH donation of a dollar or more to the 
General Board, either direct or thru any congregational collection, provided the 
dollar or more is given by one individual and in no way combined with another's 
gift. Different members of the same family may each give a dollar or more, and 
extra subscriptions, thus secured, may upon request be sent to persons who they 
know will be interested in reading the Visitor. 

Ministers. In consideration of their services to the church, influence in assist- 
ing the Committee to raise missionary money, and upon their request annually, 
the Visitor will be sent to ministers of the Church of the Brethren. 

Foreign postage, 15 cents additional to all foreign countries including Canada. 
Subscriptions discontinued at expiration of time. 

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given. When asking change of address give old address as well as new. Please 
order paper each year if possible under same name as in the previous year. 

Address all communications regarding subscriptions and make remittance's 
payable to 

Brethren Publishing- House, Elgin, Illinois. 

Entered as second class matter at the postoffice at Elgin, Illinois. 

Contents for March, 1916 



Locating the China Mission, . . 85 

Ping Ting Station, 87 

Liao Chou Station, t 89 

Woman's Work at Ping Ting Hsien, . . .91 

. Woman's Work at Liao Chou, 93 

Hsien Min Boys' School, Ping Ting Hsien, 95 

Boys' School, Liao Chou, 97 

Hsu Hsien Girls' School, Ping Ting Hsien, 99 

Liao Chou Girls' School, 101 

Medical Work at Ping Ting Hsien, 103 

Medical Work at Liao Chou, 106 


To the Outgoing Missionary (Poem), By Forest E. Eisenbise, 109 

China Notes for December, By Rebecca C. Wampler, 112 

The Apostle in Conserving Waste, By D. H. Keller, 114 

Unseen Opportunities, By A. F. Wine, 116 

Report of Mission Study Class of the Mound Church, Adrian, Mo., By 

Merle Witmore, 116 

Adornment and Missions, By Dr. Adoniram Judson, 117 

Weekly Prayer Hour, By C. A. Wright, 122 


Little Mary Bright (Poem), By Her Mother, 110 


The Volunteer Band of Hebron Seminary, By Esther Beahm, 118 

The Manchester Volunteer Band, By Pearl Grosh, 118 

The Mission of the Volunteer, By Benj. F. Summer, 119 



I The Missionary Visitor 

Volume XVIII 

MARCH, 1916 

Number 3 


We are exceedingly glad to note in 
a letter from Bro. Wine, in Denmark, 
that Sister W T ine has been in much bet- 
ter health during the past couple of 
months than at any other time since 
she has been in Denmark. She has not 
enjoyed good health for much of the 
time since they left America. 

Rally days are not uncommon in our 
Sunday-schools in China. For instance, 
the following regarding the first Sunday 
of the present year at Ping Ting Hsien : 
" Sunday-school started off yesterday in 
great shape— about 170 being present, 
and all the teachers anxious to get to 
work." When the Sunday-school is on 
the move it foreshadows a healthy 
church condition. 

The Christian Chinese of San Fran- 
cisco, pattering after the Gideons, have 
supplied the Chinese hotels of the city 
with copies of the Scriptures. 

" We must preach or perish, teach or 
tarnish, evangelize or fossilize." 

The Japanese Missionary Society, 
operating on the Pacific coast, known as 
the Dendo Dan, is soon to take up mis- 
sion work among the Hindu population 
of the coast. 

///// r 

" The best remedy for a sick church is 
to put it on a missionary diet." 

It is interesting to note what the Gos- 
pel does in far-away Madagascar. The 

following incident, recorded in Record 
of Christian Work, affords us a side 
light : " There are two anti-Christian 
papers published in Madagascar, one 
French and the other Malagasy. The 
editor of the latter has been a Mr. Rav- 
aonjanahary, an out-and-out militant 
agnostic. This paper, The Sun, is now 
without an editor, for Mr. R. has be- 
come a Christian ... It has cost 
him much, for he has a wife and five 
children and his former position was 
both secure and lucrative. Now, in- 
stead of writing infidel tracts, he is de- 
voting his great abilities to preaching 
the Gospel. He is a brilliant French 
scholar, a speaker and writer of power, 
a man of genuine character. . . . 
This Saul become Paul is now speaking 
on ' Why I became a Christian.' " 

Missionary work is not all sad and 
prosaic and solemn, as some would be- 
lieve, and indeed we are of the opinion 
that such terms are no more employed 
to describe incidents abroad than they 
are at home. The following, from the 
letter of one of our missionaries, shows 
that some things are amusing : " Some 
of these people seem to have fear of the 
' Old Nick/ As a Christmas greeting 
we sent out some pictures to different 
homes. With one packet we also sent 
a paper doll, with extra clothing to cut 
out and hang on. The clothing of this 
doll was brought back to me, and I saw 
they were greatly distressed, for they 
said we gave them a headless devil and 
they were afraid of it. I smiled out 
loud when I got home." 


The Missionary Visitor 


Sisters Anna M. Eby and B. Mary 
Royer, after spending some time in 
language school and at Vada Station, In- 
dia, are now permanently 1 ocated at 
Dahanu, Thana District, India. They 
may be thus addressed. 

We regret very much to learn of the 1 
long illness of Sister Ida C. Shumaker, 
who is in charge of the Girls' Orphanage 
at Bulsar. She is improving slowly and 
it is hoped that she may soon recover. 
> //// / 

A good brother whose heart is in 
mission work has agreed to give the 
Board $10,000 in five annual install- 
ments of $2,000 each for the erection of 
the General Hospital in India. The same 

is to be known as the Memorial 

Hospital, the donor's name to be in- 
cluded. What better monument could 
one erect — a house of mercy and for 
the alleviation of pain? This is far 
better than an expensive mausoleum. 

Bro. Galen B. Royer has spent con- 
siderable time this winter in visiting our 
various schools, addressing the student 
bodies, holding personal life-work con- 
ferences, teaching in institutes and 
awakening missionary interest in gen- 
eral. He reports with much gratifica- 
tion, both to himself and the GeneYal 
Mission Board, that there seems to be a 
reawakening- of interest in many quar- 
ters to the needs of our mission fields. 
A larger number of the students than 
usual rV are looking towards the foreign 
field. May we pray that the Lord will 
awaken a positive response, this spring, 
in many hearts, to go forth for Him. 
Our fields are needing recruits, oh, so 

this day sermons on education t>e 
preached, programs be given by Chris'-' 
tian Worker Societies, and an offering 
be lifted for the cause of Christian edu- 
cation. Certainly other schools could do 
well to follow the example of McPher- 
son's trustees and appoint the same day 
in their respective territories, as a day 
for the advancement of Christian educa- 
tUffi among us, Ji 

We are informed that the board of 
trustees of McPherson College have 
voted to set apart Sunday, June 18, as 
" Education Day " in the churches of 
their territory. They are asking that on 

The American Bible Society, during 
1915, issued a splendid total of 2,707,- 
739 Scriptures. Over 400,000 Scrip- 
tures have^ Seen distributed during the 
same period if this society to the soU 
diers in Europe'.' 

We are called irpoft, by sorrow and 
sympathy, this month to record the 
home-going of two little angels of trie- 
mission field. 

Little Adah, daughter Of Brother and 
Sister Adam Ebey, was summoned D^eC 
10 from the hospital at Bombay, whither 
she had been taken to combat the dread' 
disease, diphtheria. She now rest's in the' 
cemetery at Bombay. This is trie sixth' 
babe that Bro. Ebey's have been called 1 
upon to give up, five of whom now* 
sleep beneath India's sod. 

On January 27, from Liao Chou;- 
China, Cathryn Bright, aged six years, 
daughter of Brother and Sister J. 
Homer Bright, went to live with Jesus. 
Scarlet fever was the cause of her death. 
A message reached the Board rooms a 
few days after her death, but details 
are still lacking. Brother Bright's now 
have two little girls sleeping beneath 
China's sod. Cathrvn could not for- 
get her little Sister Mary, and now the 
two play together in Paradise. 

It is hard to part with children in our 
own land, and surely it is sadder on the 
field, where the chatter and laughter and 
merry making of little ones break the 
monotony of life among heathen peo- 
ples. Only the beckoning of little hands 



The Missionary Visitor 


from the land of the Savior can supply 
the comfort which bereaved missionary 
parenthood must experience. The 
prayers and sympathy of our church are 
with these brave soldiers of the cross in 
their bereavement. 

District Mission Boards do not have 
the easiest task that might be assigned 
them. That is, if they really do the 
work allotted them. Of course, their 
tasks are easy if the principal respon- 
sibility they undertake is to see that their 
names get printed correctly on their 

There are only a few such District 
Board members these days, thank for- 
tune ! What few there are will soon be 
replaced by more thoughtful, aggressive 
brethren; that is, if the Districts are 
awake. Either they see new light quick- 
ly or they disappear. But, dear breth- 
ren, think of the task that you usually 
impose upon your District Board : to see 
that mission points are supplied with 
preaching, that weak churches are kept 
alive, that dead ones are revived, and 
that new ones are organized. 

This is a delightful program on its 
face, but behind its back there is much 
to bear heavily upon the members of 
the Boards. We heard once of a mission 
treasurer who deemed it his business to 
squeeze down tightly on the mission 
workers and drive hard bargains with 
them, in order that he might report a 
healthy balance at each District Meet- 
ing. As a natural consequence it is re- 
quiring little effort to record the mission 
work in that District. But the big ma- 
jority of Mission Boards are awake to 
their needs and are confronted, con- 
stantly, with a deficit. CThe man who 
invented this word " deficit " surely did * 
not know what he was committing, or 
else he was a pessimist.) Deficits are 
the stuff of which grey hairs are made. 

Then there are the mission workers, 
whom the Boards come to love. Their 
needs and problems lie heavy. We have 
no more devoted class of missionaries in 
our church than those employed by our 
District Mission Boards. Usually they 
work at a small salary. Living in our 
cities, furnished with scanty means, 
" boarded off of " by the sight-seer, the 
penurious and the thoughtless, they do 
a wonderful work, withal. Or living in 
our country districts, reviving a church 
that has been weakened by emigration, 
or nursing with milk a church that could 
eat meat were it not for internal dissen- 
sion, the mission worker is borne down 
almost to despair. And the Mission 
Board suffers with him through it all. 

Only the Boards can get such pictures 
of their workers, and then they often 
must face them with depleted budgets. 
What is the church doing to help out in 
such a tremendous task? Or what is she 
going to do about it? 

And then we wonder if the District 
Boards are doing all that they can to 
assist in setting mission points upon 
their own feet. We likewise wonder 
how many churches there are in our 
Brotherhood that have been mission 
points, ten, twenty, thirty years, and 
are mission points still. 

As we scan the Brotherhood we note 
this large number of churches that have 
received assistance for many years ; al- 
so the smaller number who have at- 
tained their " majority " in support. 
We shall be glad indeed to print the 
names of any city missions that have 
been started in the last ten years from 
a mere preaching point and are now 
completely organized churches, support- 
ing their own pastors or giving more 
than half support. We shall consider 
such as belonging to a roll of honor. 


The Missionary Visitor 


We have such and we should like to rec- 
ognize them and to know how they were 
able to do it. We know of one class of 
brethren who will be wonderfully anx- 
ious to know how it was accomplished — 
our District Mission Boards. 

Whatever else must be cared for, 
there are two factors that should be 
kept in view in the administration of 
mission work. One is to get the mis- 
sion to stand upon its own feet after a 
reasonable time has been allowed for 
nurture and growth ; the second is to 
get that mission to the point of self- 
support. We know of one Board that 
has adopted a sort of sliding scale in 
the support of pastors. For instance, 
if the Board furnishes $600 for the sup- 
port of the mission, the church is kindly 
asked to supply $60 of the amount, the 
second year $120, the third year $130, 
and so on until self-support is attained. 
The Board also sees that the local 
church lives up to its promise, else the 
mission worker suffers. Of course, if 
the church fails, the Board must meet 
the deficit. 

This same Board adopts, as soon as is 
deemed prudent, the plan of allowing its 
mission points to choose their own pas- 
tor, and then to call upon the Board for 
the extra assistance that is necessary. 
This will work two things : It places the 
church upon its own basis, and begets a 
spirit of church consciousness. Like- 
wise it awakens that feeling of indepen- 
dence and gratification which prompts 
any body of members to do their best 
and a little more. 

Some missions fail to thrive because 
the principle above is not put into prac- 
tice. For- once in a while there is a 
Board that feels it a duty to sit tight and 
hold on, endeavoring to engraft prin- 
ciples that will not work and can not be 
adapted to the changed conditions of 
life, that are found under strange en- 

vironments of that city or country work, 
whichever the case may be. 

Just here we wish to digress from 
our thought for one moment to say that 
the Church of the Brethren can succeed 
in city work only when it adapts itself 
to city needs. Too often we depend 
upon church growth in our cities by the 
retirement of our seniors from the farm 
or by immigration. Either of these 
methods is wrong at its very founda- 
tion. If we can not succeed in church 
extension by evangelization, then, "there 
surely is something radically wrong in 
our conception of the work which Jesus 
Christ allotted unto us. 

We can make city work prosper as a 
Church of the Brethren the same as we 
can make country work prosper, but 
we can no more prosper in the city, em- 
ploying country methods, than we can 
prosper in the country, employing city 
methods. The sooner we come 
thoroughly to understand this fact the 
sooner will we prosper in our mission 
work. And happy are those Mission 
Boards and Districts throughout our 
Brotherhood who are coming to recog- 
nize the truth of this very necessary 
principle in mission work. 

And so, dear reader, if you have per- 
sisted in reading this editorial, broken 
into many pieces, you will discover, we 
trust, that Mission Boards have a larger 
problem than you had been thinking 
about. If you can possibly adjust your 
conception of the immensity of their 
task from a small responsibility to a 
large one, then send a liberal offering to 
your District Board Treasurer, to help 
the good work along. We do not mean 
that you should pay up your assessment 
— you already know that — but send a 
thank offering commensurate with your 
blessings. Be a contributing factor to 
the success of the work on our home 
base. DO IT NOW! 


The Missionary Visitor 



Pingr Ting Boys' School Building:, Erected in 1913. 


" Now the Lord said to Abraham, Get 
thee out of thy country, and from thy kin- 
dred, and from thy father's house unto a 
land that I shall show thee. . . . and 
thou shalt be a blessing." 

FOR a number of years individuals 
here and there throughout our 
Brotherhood had been looking to 
China as our next mission field. In 
1906 the General Mission Board asked 
Bro. McCann to investigate this field on 
his way home from India. He stopped 
at Hongkong and came inland as far as 
Hankow. During the investigation he 
found that Shansi in the north and 
Yunan in the south were the least oc- 
cupied of the provinces. 

When F. H. Crumpacker and wife, 
G. W. Hilton and wife, and Emma 

♦[The following articles on China have been 
prepared by our workers on that field, as a history 
of their work. These articles will be printed 
separately as a history and can be had upon 
application by any who may be especially inter- 
ested in that field.— Editor.] 

Horning were sent to China in the fall 
of 1908 the location was left entirely 
in their hands. After a thorough study 
of the " Atlas of Missions," by H. P. 
Beach, and much prayer they decided on 
Shansi Province. This decision was en- 
couraged and strengthened by Bishop 
Bash ford, who came over with us on the 
same boat. 

Learning the name of the senior mis- 
sionary, Rev. Sowerby, at the capital of 
Shansi, we wrote him a letter from 
Japan, asking him to rent us a house. 
At Shanghai we learned of two people 
who had been to Shansi — Dr. T. 
Richards and Mrs. Morgan — who gave 
us a great deal of information as to 
what we should take with us. At Han- 
kow we received a letter, saying Rev. 
Sowerby had rented a house for us. 
Thus the Lord was leading us step by 
step in the darkness, and we were indeed 


The Missionary Visitor 


thankful, for his answer to our prayers. 
From Hankow on the real difficulties 
of a foreign land were upon us, for they 
could speak no English and we could 
speak no Chinese. By packing every- 
thing in a freight car, eating, sleeping, 
and riding here most of the way, we at 
last arrived at Tai Yuen Fu, the capital 
of Shansi. Here we were welcomed by 
the English missionaries and entertained 

of the three places we decided that the 
east mountains were the best. Bro. 
Crumpacker visited Ping Ting and Le 
Ping in February, 1910, was favorably 
impressed, and proceeded to secure 
property. No one would rent, for they 
were afraid of foreigners. After re- 
peated visits and much difficulty an old 
house was bought for about seventy dol- 
lars, gold. The owner, not being a na- 


The Present Boys' School at Ping; Ting: Hsien. 

for the night. The next day we moved 
into our rented compound and began the 
study of the language. Thus the first 
step in the location was accomplished. 
To find the least occupied and the 
most needy part of the field several in- 
vestigating trips were made. In March, 
1909, F. H. Crumpacker and Geo. W. 
Hilton made a trip to the east mountains 
with our friend, Mr. Corbin, of the 
American Board Mission. On this trip 
they visited Liao Chou and the sur- 
rounding country. In April they made a 
trip west towards the Yellow River in 
company with Mr. Corbin and Mr. Pye, 
also from the American Board. A third 
trip was made north in September, but 

tive of the province, wanted money very- 
badly so that he could return to his 
home, but as soon as the people of the 
city heard that he had sold to us, he was 
forced to stay in hiding as they intended 
to give him a good beating. But Bro. 
Crumpacker began repairing the house 
and making friends. The people soon 
found that he had come to do them good 
rather than evil, and the storm quickly 
blew over. April 25 Bro. Crumpacker's 
took full possession and moved in and 
have lived in this house ever since. This 
was the real beginning of our China. 

The second station was opened by 
Bro. Hilton in June, 1912. 

191 fi 

The Missionary Visitor 


Photo by W. O. Beckner. 
Residence of Brother and Sister F. H. Crumpaeker, from City Wall. 


BRO. CRUMPACKER, now having 
a working knowledge of the lan- 
guage, moved to Ping Ting May 
25, 1910, bringing with him his wife and 
baby, Frantz, who came to brighten their 
home July 2, 1909. They began work 
at once among the people by holding 
services in their home. At the first serv- 
ice about forty were present. A serv- 
ice was held also in the afternoon. 
These have continued regularly from 
that date, being the fountain of life at 
which many are continually drinking of 
the water of salvation. In the autumn, 
property was rented in the east suburb, 
and Sept. 11, 1910, the services were 
moved to this place. The audience has 
long outgrown the seating capacity, for 
we have about two hundred each Sun- 
day. The overflow fills the yard, many 
standing through the services. All of 
us are rejoicing over the new church- 
liouse that was dedicated in December, 

Aug. 31, 1910, Emma Horning came 
from Tai Yuen Fu to help with the work 
among the women. Oct. 5, 1915, Miner- 
va Metzger arrived from America and 
began at once the study of the language. 
[n February, 1911, the midweek prayer 
meeting was begun and has continued 
'o increase each year since. April 17, 
1911, two men were baptized in the river 

about a mile south of the city. Two oth- 
ers were baptized before we left Tai 
Yuen Fu. May 10, 1911, we had our 
first love feast, held in Bro. Crum- 
packer's upper room. There were three 
Chinese and us four missionaries. 

The later part of this summer our joy 
knew no bounds when we received news 
that six new workers were coming with 
Bro. Hilton that fall— Bro. B. F. Heck- 
man and wife, with their two children, 
Esther and Lois, Bro. J. H. Bright and 
wife, with their two children, Esther and 
Cathryn, also Sister Anna Hutchison 
and Sister Winnie Cripe. In October, 
1911, just as we were making the last 
preparations to welcome them to Ping 
Ting, we received a telegram stating that 
the revolution was on and ,it would not 
be wise for them to come interior. A 
couple of days later we received a letter 
from the United States consul, sum- 
moning us at once to Tientsin for pro- 
tection. That night we packed the few 
necessary things and the next morning 
found us on the way to the coast. Bro. 
Crumpacker accompanied us, but re- 
turned after a couple of weeks under 
great difficulties, for he had to pass 
through the war line. He received a 
great welcome by the people of the city 
on his return, the officials even sending 
protection to his house and urging him 


The Missionary Visitor 


to stay by them. The work continued 
much the same duriiag this winter, for 
the direct effects of the war were not 
very great here. 

The party at Tientsin were busy 
studying the language, which the war 
could not hinder. Towards spring Mr. 
Yin was received into our church. He 
had been a Christian and had received his 
training in a mission school, but position 
and money were leading him from the 
straight path, so when he became one 
of our language teachers he was brought 
back and has since become one of our 
best workers. In March, 1912, Emma 
Horning left for America for special 
medical treatment. In April of the same 
year Sister Crumpacker again joined her 
husband in Ping Ting. Early in June, 
1912, Bro. Hilton's and Sister Hutchison 
came interior, and Bro. Hilton opened 
the work at Liao Chou. The rest of the 
Tientsin party spent the summer at Pei- 
tai-ho, a summer resting place, especially 
for missionaries, on the coast north of 
Tientsin. Here they continued the study 
of the language until September, 1912, 
when the whole mission gathered at Ping 
Ting for a general mission meeting. At 
this meeting much business was trans- 
acted and many plans laid for the prog- 
ress of the mission. The two churches 
were organized, Ping Ting having eight 
members and Liao Chou nine. In July 
the first inquirers' class was organized, 
containing six members. In September, 
1912, seven were baptized, reminding us 
that truth was impressing these, people. 

While everything seemed prospering 
in the mission suddenly great sorrow 
came upon us. Brother and Sister Heck- 
man and little Esther took the small- 
pox, from which Bro. Heckman did 
not recover. He died April 9, 1913, and 
was buried on a terrace overlooking the 
city. In the spring Sister Heckman and 
her two children, bearing their sorrow 
with sweet resignation, returned to 
America. In September the ranks were 

again lessened by the return of Bro. 
Hilton because of poor health. Thus 
the work was weakened by the absence 
of five from the field at the same time. 
But the Lord was hearing our prayers, 
for that fall eight workers arrived to 
give strength and hope — Dr. O. G. Bru- 
baker and wife, with their two children, 
Leland and Edythe, Dr. F. J. Wampler 
and wife, Bro. Ernest Vaniman and 
wife, Sister Anna Blough ; also Emma 
Horning returning. Giving still more 
encouragement, two representatives of 
the Mission Board, Bro. H. C. Early and 
Bro. Galen B. Royer, arrived with the 
party. The next day after the arrival 
sixteen were baptized, two being our 
first women received into the church. 
The same evening we had the love feast, 
when thirty-nine consecrated themselves 
anew to the cause of our Lord. 

Work is not confined to the common 
people, for the teacher and official class- 
es also are being reached. Christian 
papers and other literature are being 
sent to the leading men of the district. 
Bro. Crumpacker teaches English twice 
a week in the city high school, and their 
physical director gives our boys physical 
training in return. This puts us in touch 
with the educational work of the city. 
The Bible is in the school now and the 
superintendent is reading it. 

Large crowds of business men, stu- 
dents and teachers come on invitation 
to any of our special services, such as we I 
have at Christmas, laying of corner- j 
stones and special days of prayer. At 
these services the official always speaks, 
also the superintendent of the high 
school and other prominent men. We I 
have given them Bibles, and they eagerly I 
awaited the completion of the new I 
church, so we will have a suitable place I 
to invite this class of people to regular | 
services. The large Sunday-school will 
also be glad to occupy this building, for 
we have had to hold it in the various de- 
partments because of lack of room. 


The Missionary Visitor 


The missionary must be prepared for 
any kind of occupation, so not the least 
of Bro. Crumpacker's duties has been 
the buying of land, repairing and build- 
ing. The Boys' School building was 
finished -the fall of 1913. The Girls' 
School, church and sisters' house are be- 
ing finished this fall (1915). The plan- 
ning of those buildings from native ma- 
terial and the overseeing of a hundred 

workmen is no small matter when the 
other mission work must be looked after 
at the same time. This coming year 
Bro. Crumpacker goes home on fur- 
lough, leaving the work in charge of 
Bro. Vaniman and Dr. Wampler. Al- 
though they have not finished their lan- 
guage study, we know the Lord will 
bless their efforts in continuing the 

[nterior of Present liao Chou Chapel. 


LIAO CHOU is a three days' don- 
key ride south of Ping Ting. We 
first visited it when Brethren 
Crumpacker and Hilton, in company 
with Rev. Corbin, made their itinerating 
trip through this place. Later Bro. 
Crumpacker made several preaching 
trips through this district. 

When Bro. Hilton returned to China 
with six others, in the fall of 1911, we 
made repeated efforts to rent property 
in this district and at last found suitable 
property at Liao Chou. As soon as the 
Revolution was over sufficiently to per- 
mit inland travel, Bro. Hilton moved to 
this city and began to make preparation 
for the party who were still at the coast 
studying. He was very busy during 
the summer, renting property and re- 
pairing it for the new homes, but not 
too busy to open preaching services, 
after two weeks, in his own home. 

Large crowds filled the court at first, but 
later only the really interested continued 
to come. He attended many of the fairs 
and preached to the large crowds there. 
He also looked after many sick, once 
going as far as twenty miles to care 
for a sick woman. 

In the fall they were joined by Broth- 
er and Sister Bright and their three chil- 
dren, Esther, Cathryn and Mary, also 
Sister Hutchison and Sister Cripe. 
During the winter the regular prayer 
meeting was begun and a weekly Bible 
class started for the most interested. 

Early in the spring Bro. Hilton's 
nervous headaches became more marked 
and he sought relief by going to Taiku, 
where he was under the care of Dr. 
Hemmingway for three weeks. After 
his return he made several trips to a 
large spring, about ten miles away, but 
as summer wore away his trouble be- 


The Missionary Visitor 


came more serious and early in Septem- 
ber he and his family returned to Amer- 

In spite of difficulties the work grew, 
and from the Bible class six were bap- 
tized in September, 1912— the first con- 
verts. In October the annual mission 
meeting was held here for the first time. 
The stirring message from Bro. Crum- 
packer, " That we may be one," brought 
courage and faith to all. Bro. Yin's talk 
also helped the Chinese to a fuller life 
of service. 

What this early sowing will bring 
forth only eternity will tell. During the 
first summer two young men came here 
to attend a theatrical, and out of curi- 
osity came to the chapel. The " Old 
Story " took such a hold on them that 
when they went to their home village, 
not far from Le Ping, one of Ping 
Ting's out-stations, they atended serv- 
ices all winter and were baptized in No- 
vember, 1914. One of these men is an 
artist, whose talents are beyond the or- 
dinary, and we are often glad to make 
use of his services. He painted for Bro. 
Royer some pictures when the latter was 
here visiting us. The other one is a 
farmer, whose zeal for the Master is so 
great that he is out preaching most of 
the time at the fairs and in the numerous 

The visit of the delegates from the 
Mission Board was an inspiration to all 

of us, and we were brought closer in 
touch with the home church. At the 
same time we were overjoyed to wel- 
come to our station Dr. and Mrs O. G. 
Brubaker and their two children, Le- 
land and Edythe. 

Gradually some of the teacher class 
manifested an interest in our work, and 
the six that were baptized in the fall of 
1914 were chiefly from this class. After 
two years' trying to find a better build- 
ing for the chapel, a very good place 
has been secured in the center of the 
city, on the corner of two of the best 
streets. In the same court a suitable dis- 
pensary is also arranged for present 
needs. We had the joy of dedicating 
this chapel on Easter Sunday, April 4, 
1915. It s^ats about 150 men and 75 
women. The cornerstone of the new 
Boys' School was laid June 19, 1915. 
On this occasion the official and other 
prominent men of the city spoke to a 
large and interested crowd. 

During 1914 an out-station was 
opened at He Shun, and the Chinese 
church has supplied them with hymn 
books. They also sent a donation to the 
British and Foreign Bible Society. Calls 
for the opening of a number of out- 
stations must go unheeded because of 
the lack of Chinese trained workers. 

After Bro. Hilton departed Bro. 
Bright was left alone with the work of 
the station until Dr. Brubaker came to 

L,iao Chou Mission Family. 


The Missionary Visitor 


take charge of the medical work, and 
now Bro. Flory's, after a year in the 
language school in Peking, have come to 
help in the evangelistic work. The work 
in the city and villages is very encour- 
aging, and with these added helpers the 
prospect for future work is very bright. 
The present membership is thirty 
Chinese and eighty missionaries. 

Our First Local Convert. 

Bro. Sung lives in a village eight miles 
north of this city, but most of his work 
has been in the city itself. He is a man 
of good education, well versed in the 
Chinese classics, and is also a graduate 
of the Shansi University. When Bro. 
Hilton came he was holding an official 
position of some rank and was a rec- 
ognized leader among the people. 

That fall his wife was taken very sick, 
beyond hope of a Chinese cure, but 
knowing of the foreigners he came and 
begged Bro. Hilton's to go out to his 
home and see what could be done. The 
mother was saved but the newborn babe 
died. So grateful was he that he can 
never forget the kindness. Bro. Hilton 
not being willing to accept presents, he 

said he must give the money to the 
church. He soon after attended services 
and later became a regular attendant. 
In the spring he was employed as lan- 
guage teacher for several of the mission- 
aries. While teaching them to read the 
Bible the truth sank into his heart and he 
turned from being a strong Confucianist 
to a believer in Christ. 

He struggled against conviction for 
several months. Being a man of in- 
fluence he feared the ridicule of his 
friends. But the Spirit continued to 
work with him and near the end of the 
summer of 1914 he said he could wait no 
longer and he did not fear any more. 
So in November, while Bro. Beckner 
was visiting us, Bro. Sung, with five oth- 
ers, was baptized while a number of his 
leading friends stood by witnessing the 
scene. But these friends, instead of ridi- 
culing him, came to his room the next 
day to offer him congratulations. He 
continues to be a faithful worker and 
we expect to give him the position of 
head teacher in the Boys' School this 
year. We hope he will be a power for 
good in moulding the lives of those com- 
ing under his instruction. 


WORK among the women of this 
place began in the spring of 
1910 when Brother and Sister 
Crumpacker located in this city. Dur- 
ing the summer the women came to call 
on Sister Crumpacker frequently, but the 
first invitation she had to a home was 
that of a neighbor, who asked her to go 
on the city wall and look down in the 
court to see the Chinese woman's 
flowers. A conversation followed, on 
the wall. In the fall Emma Horning 
came to help in the work. 

The first few months it was not un- 
usual in passing along the street to hear 
a little scream as some one ran in and 
shut the gate when they caught sight of 
us. Others stood on their flat house- 

roofs and cautiously looked down at us. 
What had we come for, anyway? The 
government must give us much money 
to come so far from home. Above all, 
they must take good care of their chil- 
dren, for the foreigners take their hearts 
and eyes to compound their proper med- 
icines. Such questions and thoughts 
constantly filled their minds with wonder 
and fear. 

The first visitors who ventured in were 
treated kindly and were shown a picture 
of a good Man called Jesus. However, 
the most that they remembered was our 
queer clothing, furniture and dishes ; 
that we drank cold water and slept in 
cold beds, and had rugs on our floors 
like they use on their beds. The report 


The Missionary Visitor 


IR^& C-r WmTtW i 

1 t±±j± 


Christian Women of Ping Ting Hsien. 

of these wonders spread rapidly and, 
aroused by curiosity, many came to see 
us and examine everything in the house, 
even sitting on our beds and opening our 
bureau drawers. Each time they heard 
something of the new religion. 

In time we were asked . to several 
homes, to see some sick and to show 
pictures to the young women who could 
not come to our homes. At this time the 
work went far too slow, for there were 
days when we had only to pray and wait, 
and continue the study of the language. 
Yes, we did get impatient sometimes and 
we thanked the Lord every time a new 
home was opened to us. During the 
first year between seventy and eighty 
homes were visited and we told the sweet 
old story in the simplest form. 

Each Sunday afternoon a meeting was 
held for the people in the sisters' dining 
room, after which tea and cakes were 
served while they discussed the new 
things we had told them. Seven women 
took the opium cure the latter part of 
this year and received daily teaching. 

At the end of this year we were called 
to the coast because of the Revolution. 
The work was continued by Sister 
Crumpacker and Sister Metzger as soon 
as they returned. In the fall of 1913, 
after being from the station two years, 
Emma Horning returned from America, 
to continue helping with the women's 

work. No longer do we need to sit and 
wait to be invited to their homes, for we 
are welcome in all parts of the city, 
suburbs, and many villages. 

We have regular services for the 
women and children twice a week, Sun- 
day and Thursday afternoons, with an 
attendance of from twenty to fifty. On 
special occasions over a hundred come — 
more than the small .chapel will hold. 
However, most of the teaching must be 
done in the homes, for only a limited 
number can come to the regular services. 
Since the women can not read, the only 
way to make the work permanent is to 
teach them the characters as soon as they 
are interested enough in the gospel story 
to put forth the effort. It is an effort, too, 
for women from forty to sixty years old 
to learn characters, that cause even us 
missionaries such years of hard labor. 
In the face of these difficulties some fifty 
women are learning to read. As yet 
only eleven are able to read the Bible. 
The sisters who have come later are now 
ready to help in the work. 

Thus far three have been baptized and 
two have applied for baptism. They 
learn to read, and they unbind their feet 
before applying for baptism. The three 
who have been baptized are Mrs. Yin, 
Mrs. Chai and Mrs. Jung. Mrs. Yin 
is the wife of the head teacher of the 
Boys' School. She has two little boys 


The Missionary Visitor 


who require most of her attention, but 
her commendable life and true Chris- 
tian spirit make her an example to all 
who know her. 

Mrs. Chai, also, has two little boys. 
She had some training in a mission 
school before she came here, so she is 
able to help a great deal in teaching the 
women to read and in regular services. 

Mrs. Jung is a widow about sixty. 
She has broken off opium, unbound her 
feet, learned to read the Bible, and is 
now employed at the Woman's Hospital 
and Opium Refuge. 

The two who have asked for baptism 
are Mrs. Chang and Mrs. Tou. Mrs. 
Chang has been with us most of the time 

since we arrived. She has learned to 
read the Bible and is very helpful in 
going with us into the homes to teach. 
Her only child is in the Girls' School, 
and her great hope is that her daughter 
will become a teacher some day. 

Mrs. Tou lives in a village two miles 
away. About a year ago she became 
interested, and since then has come to 
services twice a week, walking the dis- 
tance in spite of a bad heart trouble. 
In this time she has read all the primers 
and three of the Gospels. Two of her 
sons are in the Boys' School. She has 
been a widow for several years and her 
whole desire is that she and her sons 
may live for God. 

Distributing: Millet at the Christmas Season. 


WHEN Bro. Hilton's opened 
the work at this place, June, 
1912, Sister Hilton soon won 
the hearts of many of the women, for her 
sweet disposition and real love for them 
could not be resisted, and many still re- 
member her as their true friend. Dur- 
ing the first busy summer, while they 
were fitting up their home, she visited in 
many of the native homes and received 
many callers. She also opened a Bible 
class for them, and with the assistance 
of a native helper gave the women their 
first knowledge of the true God. Then 

the light began to break upon those who 
sat in darkness. 

In the fall, when Bro. Bright with his 
family and Sisters Cripe and Hutchison 
arrived, these three sisters also helped 
in the work, but their time was limited, 
for they were still studying the language. 
However, their friendly calls and hearty 
reception of callers opened many 
homes, gained them confidence and laid 
the foundation of the work. Little fear 
or distrust of the foreigners was shown 
from the first, and the welcome the sis- 
ters have always received in the homes 


The Missionary Visitor 


gives great hope for the future. 

At the close of their first year at the 
station Sisters Cripe and Hutchison 
could give less time to the language 
study and more time to this work. Daily 
visits were made in the homes, giving 
the women a systematic course in Bible 
study, from the Sunday-school chart 
pictures. The secluded life, especially 
of the young women, made it necessary 
that much of the teaching be done in 
the homes. 

In the spring of 1914 a Sunday after- 
noon Bible Class was opened. It has 
continued till the present with a varied 
attendance of from twelve to fifty wom- 
en and girls. At first they were very 
timid in taking part, but after a year 
they show a marked improvement, some 
being able to sing several hymns and 
lead in prayer. They ask and answer 
questions freely. Most encouraging is 
the fact that twenty-five of these women 
are learning to read, and now can read 
the Bible for themselves, thus making 
the work permament. 

In the fall of 1914 Sister Cripe 
opened the Girls' School, hence Sister 
Hutchison found it necessary to have a 
Chinese woman go with her into the 
homes. No trained Bible woman being 
obtainable, she selected Mrs. Leu, a de- 
sirable woman, who had been attending 
the regular services. So while she is 
learning the truth and being taught to 
read she goes daily with Sister Hutchi- 
son, helping to teach the women what 
she has learned, and winning many 
hearts by her commendable life and 
genial disposition. 

Before our work was opened in the 
city not a woman was 'able to read, so 
in March, 1915, we were fortunate in 
securing the help of a woman with some 
learning from another city. She is help- 
ing teach the women to read, thus giving 
Sister Hutchison more time to teach 
them the Gospel and get out in new 
We are very much encouraged to go 

on in this work, for we have found so 
many responsive hearts. Several have 
expressed their desire to become Chris- 
tians and have taken down their idols. 
Two of these women are Mrs. Liu and 
Mrs. Li, of whom the following is a 
brief sketch: 

Mrs. Liu. 

In the summer of 1913 a sick neighbor 
hobbled Jnto the sisters' court and 
begged them to relieve her suffering. 
Not having the medicine at hand they 
told her to go to Bro. Hilton's, but she 
said she could not walk there. Seeing 
the distress walking caused her, they 
were moved by her sweet, pleading face 
and told her to go home and they would 
get the medicine and do what they could 
for her. Almost daily treatment fol- 
lowed for several weeks, and they were 
rewarded by finding her a well woman 
again. Before this she had had little to 
do with the foreigners, but now she and 
her husband can not do enough to show 
their appreciation, often sending gifts 
of such as they have — corn, beans and 

As in many other cases, the healing 
of her body led to the opening of her 
soul. From the beginning of the Bible 
Class, she has eagerly drunk in the sweet 
story of Jesus. About a year ago she 
began learning to read and has made 
such progress that now she is beginning 
to read the Bible. Her zeal and earnest- 
ness are shown by having hymns and 
Bible verses on the wall which was once 
occupied by their household gods. 

She was the first woman here to dis- 
card her idols, even in the face of op- 
position and ridicule from her friends. 
Not being able to sympathize with her 
in her noble stand, we often hear her tell 
them that the idols are vain and only 
the true God can help and bless them. 
Having lost four children, the only sur- 
viving one, a son, is in the mission 
school. Her husband is very kind, and 
theirs is one of the few homes where 
quarreling is not heard. She is now 


The Missionary Visitor 


A Women's Meeting at Liao Chou. 

helping to teach the other women. Her 
sincerity and sympathetic heart win her 
many friends and make her an effectual 
witness for Jesus. 

Mrs. Li. 

One day while Sisters Cripe and 
Hutchison were walking on the city wall 
they heard a call, and looking in the 
direction whence it came saw a woman 
beckoning them to come into her court. 
Always anxious to enter new homes, 
they accepted the invitation and received 
an unusually hearty welcome. The peo- 
ple were very poor and untidy. They 
have two children. The father is a car- 
penter. As the sisters went home they 
thought, " What good can come from 
such a home except the grace of God en- 
ters ? " Their only recommendation was 
their apparent genuine hospitality. 

The home being opened, frequent 
visits followed, each time the callers re- 
ceiving the same cordial welcome. As 
the woman was taught from the Sunday- 
school charts she showed keen interest, 
calling the entire family together. Once 
she was so delighted that she asked if 

they had not come from heaven. How- 
ever, she did not attend the Sunday serv- 
ices, for when invited she would say, " I 
haven't time." When she heard that 
God was not pleased with people who 
were too busy to worship Him she 
would say, " I forgot." 

Later, however, since the Bible Class 
was started, she became a regular attend- 
ant. She is also learning to read, which 
is difficult for her, but her perseverance 
will soon enable her to read the Bible. 
She loves to hear the Bible stories, and 
it is a great satisfaction to her to know 
that her husband is a carpenter, even 
as Jesus was. Her boy and girl are in 
the mission schools and her husband is 
of much service in building and repair- 
ing the mission property. 

For some months she has discontinued 
idol worship, and, along with several 
others, she has expressed a desire to be 
baptized as soon as she has sufficient 
teaching. In time we hope to see them 
a Christian family. Already the home is 
putting on a new aspect of cleanliness 
and thrift. The rays of Gospel Sun- 
shine are sure to purify and uplift. 


THE Boys' School at Pingting- 
hsien was opened in March, 1911. 
Fifteen pupils had been promised, 
but only one was present the first day. 
The enrollment grew to three the first 

week. More came later, until there was 
a good-sized beginning class. Mr. Wang 
Tswei Cheng was their teacher and he 
has been with the school until the 
present time. During the summer four 


The Missionary Visitor 


little fellows came from Hsin Chou. 
One was a full orphan and two came 
from a very poor home. All were fed 
by the school and one was also clothed. 
Most of the pupils who entered the first 
year were boys who were deprived 
either of father or mother, or were from 
the poorer classes. So the school was a 
semi-orphanage from the beginning. 
Since then many of the boys who enter 
are from the better homes, and now 
none are admitted who do not pay at 
least a part of their board. Some pay 
in full. 

The second summer was the real be- 
ginning of the orphanage. This work 
has been carried on in connection with 
the school. May 18, Sister Crumpack- 
er received a telegram, " Bringing six- 
teen boys." She was then the only 
foreigner at the station and had but one 
native helper, Mr. Chao Yii Hung, who 
had just arrived and spoke a slightly 
different dialect. By hard work and the 
help of a few native women, the boys 
each had a new comforter when they 
arrived, thirty-six hours later. They had 
been brought by Bro. Hilton from the 
famine district in the province of Anhui. 
Some were too weak to feed themselves, 
and many were full of sores, and alto- 
gether they were a most pitiable sight, 
although they had been cleaned up and 
clothed at Tientsin on their way to Shan- 
si. A few friends of the mission asked 
to contribute toward the support, and 
gave about $35. Soon Bro. Crumpack- 
er returned and there was a long siege 
of doctoring sores and discipling in raw 
heathenism. The screaming, swearing, 
fighting, etc., in their early history beg- 
gar description. In the fall fever broke 
out in the school. Two of the little ones 
went to the land where there is no more 
sickness. One was Hsiao I, the pet of 
the famine boys. At the close of the 
school year there were twenty-nine pu- 
pils on roll. 

In September, 1912, the school was 
moved to Ku Chiao Nao, a place a lit- 

tle larger than the rooms in the chapel 
court where the school was first housed. 
It was not long until these quarters were 
crowded and could not be ventilated suf- 
ficiently. About this time the first school 
boy was baptized. 

In November, 1913, the boys moved 
into their new quarters, built by the 
mission during the summer. It was a 
joy to see how happy they were and to 
have them well housed. Nov. 3, four 
Were baptized. Everything went lovely 
for a while, then Wang Chih became 
sick with appendicitis and was sent to 
Paotingfu for an operation in the early 
spring of .1914. He fully recovered and 
gives promise of becoming a strong man 
physically. In March 'one of the saddest 
of accidents happened. Three boys suf- 
fered from asphyxiation during one 
night. They were found and given help 
in the morning and then left in the care 
of the natives. But at 2 o'clock Liao 
Ching Yii, a famine boy, was found 
dead. How saddened we were no one 
but those who have had the experience 
can realize. His body was taken out 
on the hillside and laid away. He was 
such a promising boy and we had looked 
forward to his being of great use. He 
had already borne testimony of the love 
of God. So great was the superstitious 
fear, that not one of the boys would 
have any of his clothes or treasures — 
not even his money. All had to be taken 
away from the building. Ching Yii had 
run errands and saved enough cash to 
purchase a small frame for the picture 
of Sister Wagner, who was sending him 
his support. The others who had suf- 
fered with him had a hard time to pull 

In December, 1914, six more of the 
boys were baptized. The Word of God 
is influencing the pupils to live better 
lives and some have shown great prog- 
ress. The moral status of the school is 
good and it has a fine reputation among 
the outside people. The city official 
showed his appreciation for what 


The Missionary Visitor 


is being done for some of the boys 
by coming and giving them a talk 
and presenting them with tablets and 
lead pencils. One of the most prom- 
ising pupils and the one who was 
present the very first day was taken out 
of school at the Chinese New Year, 
1915. His father is an opium sot and 
not in sympathy with the church. At 
one time he pawned his boy's clothes, 
but failed to get the bedding, for he had 
agreed that it should be the property of 
the school as long as the school kept it 
clean. In a year and a half the boy 
would have completed the second pri- 
mary course. Another one in whom we 
have been very much interested is Tou 
Hung Ch'eng. His father is dead and 
his mother was partially supported by 
one of our native brethren before we 
knew of her desperate condition. Now 

she has become an earnest inquirer, and 
as soon as she had taken the step, asked 
if her son was too young to take it. 
She had heard the story first from him 
when he would go home from school 
to see her. Sister Hutchison bought him 
his first suit of clothes. He never had 
anything but rags before, and he was 
all smiles. 

At present there are sixty-seven pupils 
and a corps of four teachers. H. C. 
Yin is the head teacher. He came in the 
summer of 1912. Four years of work 
are done. Many of the boys have de- 
veloped physically, mentally and spirit- 
ually, till one could hardly believe they 
are. the same boys. Three have been 
suspended and three have gone to a 
happier world. We trust that the Lord 
will help the rest to grow up and make 
this world brighter and better. 

The New Boys' School Building: at Liao Chou. 


SCARCELY had Bro. Hilton's settled 
in their new home until the people 
would frequently ask about their 
opening a school. Finally, after the 
new workers for Liao had arrived, it 
was decided that an effort should be 
made to procure a place and a school be 
opened just after the Chinese New 
Year, 1913. A suitable place was rented 
in a quiet section in the north part of 
town, and a good teacher secured, who 
was a member of the English Baptist 

Mission of Ch'ou P'ing, Shantung. A 
local teacher also applied and agreed to 
bring in ten pupils. During the first 
term there were many transient pupils. 
For the second term the attendance was 
more regular. There was an average of 
twenty-five for the first year. 

Beginning with the second year we 
required a guarantee of attendance for 
a year before a pupil was admitted. 
For the first term there were thirty- 
eight pupils in attendance, and for the 


The Missionary Visitor 


Four Promising: Liao Chou Schoolboys. 

second term forty. Where the pupils 
received any assistance, they were re- 
quired to guarantee an attendance for a 
term of three years and are gradually 
making the term longer. 

Our quarters were crowded, and we 
were unable to rent any more rooms 
near, last year, so that no more pupils 
could be admitted. With the erection of 
our new school-building this year (1915) 
the school has all the advertising it 
needs. By adjusting the brick beds in 
one room a few more pupils were ac- 
commodated, so that there are now for- 
ty-seven pupils in attendance. 

With the beginning of the third year 
the higher primary grades were begun, 
though there had been a few classes a 
week in the first year of this grade, the 
second term of 1914. A third teacher 
has been added so that the teaching can 
be done thoroughly in the newly-added 
grades. More attention is also given to 
the pupils, that they may get the proper 
physical exercise. A class of eight are 
really beginning to appreciate music 
after two years of training. The in- 
terest of the pupils in spiritual things 
is encouraging. The prayers that some 

have made for their homes are pathetic. 
One of the boys, He Ching Yu, came 
from a village about thirteen miles from 
Liao Chou. Now there are five from his 
district in school. He quoted the words 
of Jesus, " Suffer the little ones to come 
unto me," to comfort us at the parting 
of little Mary. He was the first of the 
school who wanted to enter the church. 
One of the most promising pupils is 
Wang Kuei Jung. He comes from a 
poor family. By bringing his older 
brother into closer relation to the mis- 
sion it has made it easier for his own 
coming into the church. It is from the 
rank and file of our schools that we hope 
to get the future leaders of the church. 
May the building of character done now 
be well done. 

About the time Bro. Hilton's health 
began to fail, Bro. Bright was asked to 
oversee the school work. With much 
of the language still to master, and hav- 
ing to direct other phases of the work, it 
has not received the attention it deserves. 
What has been done has largely been by 
the teachers. Our hope is that the school 
may become a credit to the mission, the 
church and the state. 


The Missionary Visitor 


The New Girls' School Building:, Pingrtinghsien. 


The opium refuge keeper brought in his 
little girl. She and Miss Yang Ying 
An, who had come from the American 
Board Mission at Taiku, were given a 
few texts and set to work. Therefore, 
according to an early educator, who said 
that a school consisted of a log with a 
pupil at one end and a teacher at the 
other, the Hsu Hsien Girls' School be- 
gan in Sister Metzger's home in Novem- 
ber, 1912. About a month later two more 
girls came to be taught by Miss Yang. 
Both were from good families. One was 
very hard to control and for this reason 
had been dismissed from the Govern- 
ment School. When she began to im- 
bibe some of the truth of the Word of 
God, her conduct changed wonderfully. 
After the Chinese New Year more pu- 
pils were admitted, until there were nine. 
About a month before closing the school 
for the summer vacation, Miss Yang 
was married. Her mother engaged her 
to a man for his wealth, regardless of 
the fact that she still had a husband. 
This union proved to be unhappy, and 
the once bright and cheerful girl ended 
it all with a large dose of opium. Her 
leaving the school made a break in the 
work. It was carried on after a fashion 

HOW indebted we feel to our Fath- 
er that, through His Son, abun- 
dant joy is coming to the girls of 
Pingtinghsien. The idea that it is fol- 
ly to educate the stupid women has pre- 
vailed for so many years that the new 
order of things in China finds it almost 
impossible to receive recognition. The 
officials and some of the teacher class, 
awakened to some of the possibilities 
latent within the souls of their daugh- 
ters, have engaged . private tutors for 
them, or are sending them to the Girls' 
Government School, which was found- 
ed about the time of the opening of the 
station here. It has grown from a few 
pupils taught by an old man to forty 
taught by a corps of three lady teachers. 
While this school is good, it reaches only 
a few of the masses and teaches the wor- 
ship of Confucius. It has started roll- 
ing the ball of favorable sentiment for 
the education of girls. 

During the third year of the history 
,of the station, a few of our native work- 
ers urged the opening of a Christian 
school for girls. The missionary ap- 
pointed to have charge had still much to 
do On the language, and there was no 
suitable place. It finally opened itself. 


The Missionary Visitor 


by Mr. Wang, an earnest inquirer. 
This same year the mission bought 
some property adjoining the court of the 
previous year, yet it was not a very con- 
venient place. Money had been appro- 
priated for the erection of a more suit- 
able building, but the needs of the Boys' 
School had .become so imperative that 
the money was loaned to that fund. It 
has all been paid back, and now the 
much-longed-for recitation hall and dor- 
mitories are being built. 

In all, twenty-two pupils have been 
enrolled. Of this number sixteen are in 
school at present. Because of the preju- 
dice against educating women, and es- 
pecially against unbinding the feet, the 
enrollment has been small. All but two 
have come from raw heathendom and 
were well acquainted with all its evils. 
It has been no easy task " to whip them 
into shape." The quiet hour of about 
fifteen minutes of silent prayer and 
Bible reading has had a telling effect 
upon the girls. They love the Bible 
stories and delight to sing. They al- 
ready possess a fine and loyal school 
spirit, which was very manifest not long 
ago, when Chen Chih had to be sent 
home because of failing health. She took 
her Bible and song book with her and 
has been reading to her mother, who op- 
posed her becoming a Christian last fall. 
Perhaps this is God's way of leading 
them both into the kingdom. Another 
one, who goes home every evening, has 
her Sunday-school texts pasted above 
her bed, where all who enter may see. 
Two very interesting ones in the school 
are the little brides. Of course they are 
not yet married, but only engaged to 
two of the schoolboys, whose father is a 
Christian. Two of the older pupils have 
chosen that good part which shall never 
be taken away. 

Besides the regular course of study, a 
sewing class has been organized, which 
meets twice a week. The pupils are 
members also of the two world-wide or- 

ganizations, the Sunday-school and the 
juniors of the Young People's Meetings. 

Perhaps the happiest girl in school and 
in this part of the territory is little Pang 
Ti, the hunchback. Late one evening 
she was brought to Sister Metzger's 
room. Her mother is dead and her fath- 
er cares more for his opium pipe and 
the society of gamblers than for his nine- 
year-old daughter. This ragged, dirty, 
cold and hungry child was taken in for 
the night. Soon the proper papers were 
made out and a sum of less than two dol- 
lars paid over to the father to release his 
claim. In the brief time she has been 
with us she has been born again. She 
is bright and winsome and has every 
promise of becoming a noble woman. 

One of the greatest difficulties in the 
school has ' been the securing of com- 
petent teachers. From almost the first 
two teachers were engaged — Miss Yang, 
who taught the western branches, and 

Yti, Lien — A Schoolgirl Recently Married. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Mr. Wang, who taught some of the 
Chinese studies. Miss Yang was 
succeeded by Miss Chao, also from Tai- 
ku. She was better educated, but her 
proud and haughty spirit soon unfitted 
her for work and she had to be sent 
home. Then came Miss Kuo, a school- 
mate of Miss Chao. She has done good 
work and has been hired for this follow- 
ing school year. 

We are about to close the third year's 
work — a successful one, too. The most 
difficult task of opening the school has 
been accomplished, and from now on 
it means more detailed organization and 
development. The Lord has given us 
the school, He has prospered it, and He 
will sustain it. " Suffer the little ones 
to come unto Me and forbid them not, 
for of such is the kingdom of heaven." 

*&* t ®-' IP'S 



m IB 

The Schoolgirls With Their Xmas Dolls from America. 


THE Girls' School at Liao Chou has 
been opened for such a short 
time that it can not be said to 
have made much history as yet. In fact, 
more time has been spent in planning for 
it and in trying to prepare the hearts of 
the people, than in real organized work. 
When one understands something of the 
illiteracy and general status of the 
women in the interior of China — how 
they are held down in ignorance and of- 
ten hooted at should they express a de- 
sire for education — it is not difficult to 
see something of the proposition before 
the missionary who endeavors to intro- 
duce such work among them. At the 
first mention of a school for girls, one 
is met with one of two replies, either 
a flat refusal or, " Oh, yes, that will be 
nice; we will send our girls and our 
friends' girls," meaning not to offend 
you, but at the same time they have not 

the least intention to patronize your 
school. In China it is not considered 
wrong to tell an untruth in order to 
" save one's face." In view of these 
facts, and many others familiar to the 
resident missionary, it is evident that 
such work must open gradually, and the 
one thing to do is to teach, teach, 

At this time the station is not quite 
three years old, and the fact that there 
is the beginning of a Girls' School is 
evidence of the presence of the Great 
Teacher among us. About one year ago 
we felt that the time was drawing near 
when definite work along this line might 
be opened and we were much in prayer 
about it. Not a few of the natives, 
some of whom could be depended upon, 
seemed favorable to it. The names of 
ten girls were written as an assurance 
that they would enroll as pupils. Plans 


The Missionary Visitor 


were made for the opening of the school 
the coming autumn, 1914. During the 
summer a place was repaired, furniture 
made, and a lady teacher invited to as- 
sist in the work. These days of prepa- 
ration were indeed busy ones, but finally 
all was in readiness, and Sept. 8, 1914, 
marks the opening of the first Girls' 
School Liao Chou has known. Only 
eight of the ten girls came the first week, 
but another came a few days later. 
How crude and strange it all seemed ! 
Not one girl had ever seen inside of a 
schoolroom, and only two could read at 
all. These came from homes where the 
fathers were teachers and had helped 
them a little at home. Comparing those 
first days with now, not quite at the close 
of the school-year, we can note changes 
already in their lives. They really tried 
to learn and are succeeding splendidly. 
It is especially satisfying to note their 
keen interest in their music and Bible 
study. They have memorized quite a 
number of hymns and Scripture verses, 
and some are taking their turn in lead- 
ing in prayer in daily worship. At 
Christmas time they rendered a little 
program that might be a credit to heath- 
en girls of four months' training, and 

were made, happy with their first dolls 
and other gifts from our friends in 
America. At the Chinese New Year a 
change was made in teachers, as the for- 
mer one proved unequal to the task and 
the new one has been trained in a mis- 
sion school and has had experience. 

Altogether eleven pupils have been en- 
rolled, but at present there are only eight. 
One ten-year-old girl was sold soon aft- 
er entering school to a boy a little older 
than herself for about twenty dollars 
gold, and since her mother-in-law fears 
that she would not become an obedient 
servant, if educated, she has been taken 
away. Another was dismissed for re- 
fusing to obey the rules of the school, 
and a third was taken home because her 
parents thought she was too young. 

So there have already been shifting 
scenes in the work, but there is a gradual 
growth in other ways, if not so much 
in numbers, for the girls are learning to 
read, write, sing and pray. They are 
almost always happy and often ask when 
they may become Christians. May the 
Father cause the lives of these and 
many others, who, we hope, will yet 
come to us, to develop into true witness- 
es for Him. 

The problem of China is to a large extent the problem of the world. Even to 
those who have hitherto taken but slight interest in " world politics," it is becom- 
ing dimly discernible that in Eastern Asia the Occident has greater and more dif- 
ficult questions than it has ever yet settled or even faced. War, diplomacy, com- 
merce, industrial expansion, governmental reforms have all had or are having their 
part in the unprecedented alignment of the Far East, but it is the inevitable weak- 
ness of each and all of them that they never settle anything, while they tend to 
unsettle everything. Those who recognize that moral and spiritual forces ultimately 
rule the world will increasingly feel that the West owes it to the East to pay back 
a part of its age-long debt by helping to lay deep the foundation of an Oriental Chris- 
tian civilization. — Arthur H. Smith. 


The Missionary Visitor 


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The " Gate of Heaven." Entrance to Our Territory. 


THE medical work at Pingting- 
hsien properly dates from Dec. 7, 
1914, this being the month the 
foreign physician moved here for per- 
manent location. Before this time, how- 
ever, medical work was carried on for 
three months by the present doctor, and 
even from the opening of the station in 
1910 many sick were treated by Brother 
and Sister Crumpacker. Often it was 
the big part of their day's work. Even 
with their limited knowledge of medi- 
cine, some rather critical cases were un- 
dertaken and cured. One was a woman 
who had had running sores on her breast 
for five years. Another was a man who 
had nearly cut off his thumb. The 
wound healed and now he has the use of 
it again. One man came with one of his 
hands badly mangled, the result of try- 
ing to use an old-time gun. Two of the 
fingers were gone and Bro. Crumpacker 
had to use the knife a little before any- 
thing could be done for him. His hand 
soon healed, and so thankful is he that 
he has supplied the chapel and opium ref- 
uge with brooms ever since. The very 
first appreciation shown was a donation 
of twenty eggs to Sister Crumpacker for 
having healed sore eyes. A few broken 
bones were set, as well as many kinds 

of ulcers treated. Their faithful work 
opened the door into many homes and 
villages. Some who became interested 
in the earlier years are still attending 
church. Perhaps the greatest results to 
the church have been through the 
Opium Refuge, which was opened by 
Bro. Crumpacker in October, 1910. 
From that time to Jan. 1, 1915, 262 
patients broke off the habit. There is 
also a refuge for women, and two are 
supported at the out-station, Le P'ing 
and Soa Fang. 

The medical and surgical work has 
opened up very satisfactorily. For the 
four months of 1914, 1,574 calls were 
made at the dispensary. Up to Jan. 1, 
1915, there was no room for in-patients, 
but at the present time, by making use 
of some Chinese houses, by no means 
good hospital wards, about thirty men 
can be accommodated. About half of 
these need attendants, so that the actual 
number of men patients we can accom- 
modate is twenty. There is also place 
for six or eight women patients. The 
men's hospital was full during the month 
of May. In addition to the in-patients, 
about twenty persons per day come to 
the dispensary for treatment. 

There are many interesting cases. Dr. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Wampler relates the following instance : 
" A few weeks ago one of the workers 
down at the dispensary came to me in 
excitement, saying that some one who 
lived near the dispensary was unable to 
open her mouth. He thought that the 
person was in a very bad condition, and 
said that the family had already sent 
the money to pay for the trip. We 
charge about twenty- cents for visits to 
the homes. I went to see the sick per- 
son and found a woman of fifty some 
years lying on the k'ang with eyes and 
mouth tightly 'closed. She didn't seem to 
be suffering any pain. It began to look 
like ' put on ' to me, so I asked them if 
she had been mad the day before. These 
Chinese, especially the old women, can 
get fearfully angry. A doctor friend 
of mine told me he knows of two cases 
of absolute blindness caused by the wom- 
en getting so angry. This woman hadn't 
been angry, but her son had died the 
day before. So I had my clue. I 
thought over several plans and finally de- 
cided upon the following: We told her 
that we knew two methods that would 
be all right for her trouble. The first 
and best method was that she should 
open her mouth. The second was for 
us to cut into her throat and into the 
esophagus and feed her that way. We 
made a great deal of the amount of pain 
that would go along with the latter plan. 

A Busy Day at the Women's Dispensary, 

I turned around to the other people in 
the room and told them that she wasn't 
sick at all; that it was just because she 
didn't want to open her mouth that it 
wouldn't open. I told them that we 
would have to cut, and proceeded to 
pinch the skin on the side of the neck. 
She began to work her jaws a little. I 
told her that she would have to open up 
or we would cut. Slowly the jaws 
opened and I got out of the way, so that 
the other people in the room — about fif- 
teen — could see that her mouth was 
open. My work was done and I went 

China is a land of suicides. Several 
cases have come for treatment. Recent- 
ly a man came into the hospital, having 
cut his throat with a large knife. The 

Three Blind Men, Pingtinghsien. 


The Missionary Visitor 


incision was about three inches long and 
he had cut more than half way through 
the trachea. After making his incision 
he took a Chinese key and put it down 
the trachea. He also made a big in- 
cision across his abdomen. After per- 
forming all this he went up to the of- 
ficial's office to show them what he had 
done. While there he fell over in a faint 
from the loss of blood. His object in 
going to the official was to make him de- 
cide the lawsuit, which the suicide was 
having over some land, in his favor. 
Had he died, the man who was suing 
him would have been responsible for 
his death. From the official's office he 
was brought to the dispensary. In pre- 
paring to sew up the trachea Dr. 
YYampler discovered something black at 
the back part of it. By touching it with 
a forceps it was found to be metal. 
After much hard work it was removed. 
The actual length of the key was six and 
one-fourth inches. The next day the 
nurse reported that the man had used 
his spoon, gotten the bandage off and 
had pulled out all the stitches. He was 
very determined in his resolution to die. 
The trachea was sewed up the second 
time and now he seems to be willing to 

live. He is the only son of a widowed 

Since the medical work has such a 
short history, we feel that it would be 
well to give a brief survey of the field, 
with the outlook. If one were to take 
Pingtinghsien as a center and use a 
twenty-mile radius, and describe a circle, 
more than 300,000 people would be in- 
cluded in this circumference. This is 
our immediate field. Our real field 
reaches much farther than this, and at 
times patients come from other provin- 
ces. Pingtinghsien is right in the midst 
of coal mining and iron industries, and 
many have been the accident cases from 
these industries. These wounds can be 
cared for only by surgery, and since this 
is* a science the Chinese doctors know 
absolutely nothing about, it isn't wonder- 
ful that the missionary doctor gets credit 
for supernatural power in the minds of 
the simple ones. With the population 
we have in close proximity, with the in- 
dustries which produce many accident 
cases, and being on two caravan routes, 
besides near the railroad, Pingtinghsien 
is a place where medical work is sure 
to develop. It will be the nearest hos- 
pital for more than a million people. We 
are very thankful for the prospect of 
building a part of our hospital in 1916. 

A Funeral Procession in China. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Dr. Brubaker, Performing an Amputation, Iiiao Chou. 


THE beginning of medical work at 
Liao Chou dates from June, 1912, 
when Brother and Sister Hilton 
first came to the place. It was their aim 
and purpose to assist the physical needs 
of the people whenever possible,, so as 
to reach them with the Gospel. In a very 
short time the people began coming for 
every kind of sickness, curable and in- 
curable. One person would be helped 
and he would tell his neighbors of his 
wonderful cure and advise his sick 
friends to try the foreigner's medicine. 
It was not long until the fame of the 
foreign medicine and the foreigners who 
were " wasting their hearts " on the na- 
tives spread to the villages and the sur- 
rounding country, and many came from 
these places. The medicines were sim- 
ple and few, but often worked charm- 
ingly, and seldom if ever did a patient 
come to be treated but that he was told 
of the Good Father. 

Sometimes cases were amusing and 
interesting. Some wanted medicine for 
the most ridiculous things. One child 
was brought, that it might be given 
medicine to make it quit eating dirt. 
Some wanted new teeth and new eyes. 
From the lowest to the highest they 
came. At one time an operation for 
hemorrhoids was performed on the 
official, with satisfactory results, and he 

afterwards gave a nice donation to the 
medical work. Another time Brother 
and Sister Hilton were asked to go to 
the home of one of the officials to assist 
in a confinement case. This place was 
in a village about eight miles distant. 
They remained in this home a night and 
a day, doing all in their power, yet all 
the while telling them of God, and that 
it was only through His power that the 
desired results could be accomplished. 
That woman was brought safely through 
her critical condition and today that 
former official is a baptized Christian. 
We were happy to be relieved of this 
responsibility when Dr. Brubaker came 
to the field. He found a large and needy 
field awaiting him. 

The station still has many friends 
among those whom Brother and Sister 
Hilton helped. Although neither is a 
physician or nurse, their work was far 
from failure. Dr. Brubaker expressed 
his surprise to see some of the splendid 
results that they obtained in the treat- 
ment of their cases. After they had to 
give up the work because of the failing 
health of Bro. Hilton, the responsibility 
of the medical work fell upon Brother 
and Sister Bright. Sister Bright has 
continued to assist Dr. Brubaker and has 
been a great help in the work, because 
of her native ability along medical lines. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Dr. Brubaker and His Two Chinese Assistants, 
L,iao Chou. 

The foundation has been well laid and 
the doctor considers it a great privi- 
lege to continue rearing the structure. 

The first operation performed by Dr. 
Brubaker was the opening of an ab- 
scess on the scalp of a small boy, who 
came to be treated the second day after 
the doctor's arrival. The boy's father 
has ' come to services quite regularly 

since. The first patient was a man who 
had waited for several days for the 
doctor to come. He is of the teacher 
class and is blind, the result of a cata- 
ract. Nothing could be done for him — 
not because he is beyond help, but be- 
cause there was no place to care for him 
after the operation. 

Tuberculosis in its various forms, in- 
fected wounds of all kinds, and so-called 
" indigestion," all due to unsanitary con- 
ditions, uncleanliness of the body and 
hands, are the most prevalent diseases. 
At the recent medical conference at 
Shanghai the statement was emphasized : 
" The physician who will do the greatest 
good for China during the next forty or 
fifty years will not necessarily be the 
one that will have the largest clinic, 
but the one who will show the best re- 
sults along sanitary and preventive lines, 
for prevention is worth more than cure 
any time." And since the Rockefeller 
Foundation Commission Committee is 
emphasizing this line of work and in- 
dicate that they are going to give to 
this especially, we have hopes of seeing 
cleaner streets, more open, sunlighted, 
better ventilated homes, and a better 
way of night soil disposal. 

Dr. Brubaker has been on the field 
almost a year and a half, and already 
there are signs that the work is nearing 
the second stage of its growth, the ap- 

II ' 

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1 i * 


A Section of Drug Boom and Laboratory, Liao Chou. 


The Missionary Visitor 


A Couple of In-patients, liao Chou. 

preciation that scientific medicine has 
more to offer than a dose of scorpions, 
pumpkin seeds, rattlesnakes, dried sticks, 
or some other concoction compounded 
by a native doctor, who has gotten his 
education in a sort of hand-you-down- 
from-father-to-son way. This class 
of doctors believe that the left 
pulse tells all about the liver and the 
right about the lungs, and that by stick- 
ing the affected part of the body, the 
patient will be relieved of pain. The 
better class, the teachers and officials, 
are awaking to the difference between 
the 'two kinds of doctoring, and are very 
friendly to the mission. 

In a few weeks the rooms for the 
work will be ready. There are an oper- 
ating room, beds for fourteen or sixteen 
patients, a room for a native helper, a 

drug room, a store room and a kitchen. 
The chapel, being in the same court- 
yard, will be used for a waiting room for 
the patients, where they receive daily 
Bible teaching, and occasional lectures 
on sanitation and preventive medicine 
by the doctor. In addition to this, beds 
for five or six women in-patients can be 
had in the woman's work quarters. 
Later, there are to be dispensaries at 
the several out-stations. Liao Chou is 
the center of a territory of a population 
of 500,000. 

We are indeed grateful for the $6,000, 
which has about all been pledged for 
the erection of a suitable hospital. Our 
hope is that this building erected 
in a few years. So far it has been dif- 
ficult to secure a good site. May the 
Lord lead in this as in all our work. 

The Liao Chou Missionary Children. Now for Some Fun! 


The Missionary Visitor 


Sisters Nettie M. Senger and Bessie M. Rider May Be Seen 

in the Center Foreground. On Board the 

Tamba Maru. Ready to Sail. 


Forest S. Eisenbise. 

When in journeying down the way 
We must separated be 

From our friends; 
He who feels the parting more, 
Is the one upon the shore, 

Left behind. 

He who goes to fields unknown 
Is on expectation borne 

To the end; 
As he looks toward the goal, 
Inspiration fires the soul 

And the mind. 

Then, tho' parting be a pain 
Still, we know your loss is gain, 

And rejoice; 
Tho' your absence leaves a blank, 
Yet to God we offer thanks 

For your choice. 

While we're here we'll ever pray 
For you who have gone away 

From our band ; 
Here we'H work, till He shall say, 
" Hasten to the field,, away! 

Lend a hand." 

We cannot but wish you peace — 
May God's blessings never cease, 

Thine to be; 
May His richest favors pour, 
In an e'er-increasing shower, 

Down on thee. 

So again we say, " God speed," 
Richest joy be thine indeed, 

Here or there. 
Thine the overcoming life, 
Thine the victory through faith, 

True Volunteer. 

" One ship goes east, another west, 
By the selfsame wind that blows; 

'Tis the set of the sail and not the gale 
That determines the way it goes." 

Farewell! The Tamba Maru Moving: Out for China, 
10 : SO A. M., Jan. 25, 1916. 


The Missionary Visitor 




Little Mary Bright. 


LITTLE Mary Bright was born 
June 19, 1912, at Pei Ta Ho and 
died Sept. 11, 1914, aged 2 years 
3 months and 22 days. She had been sick 
only one week with the dreaded dysen- 
tery, after which she passed beyond the 
realm of pain and suffering. About 
two months after her body had been 
laid to rest her mother gave expression 
to the following beautiful lines: 

My Baby. 

My little one has gone away 
And left me here to stay 

Empty hands and hearts are mine 
And my soul doth oft repine 
For baby. 

Her lovely eyes of deepest blue 
And sunny locks of golden hue 
Are hidden. 

Her prattling tongue and songs of cheer, 
Her toddling footsteps, ever near, 
Are silent. 

No more she cuddles on my breast, 
Her weary limbs and head to rest 
And slumber. 

Yet I know that I may see 
In that land among the free 
My baby. 

I know I may again caress 
And upon my bosom gently press 
My treasure. 

For she's gone to our home above, 
In the presence of God's love 
To dwell. 

She'll find no pain and suffering there 
To trouble her precious spirit, fair, 

In heaven. 
She has gone to join the heavenly band 
In that pure and lovely land 

Over there. 

There with the redeemed to sing 
Songs of praises to our King 
And Savior. 

By the eye of faith we see 
Our darling one, so pure and free, 

There upon His loving breast 
My little one in peace doth rest, 

j|F f 


H ! "^m 

I fl 

j| iff 

The Bright Three — Esther, Cathryn and Calvin. 

Since the above was taken and the above lines 
written, Cathryn has joined little Mary in 

Frantz Harlan Crumpacker, the Master of 
Ping Ting Hsien. 

Playmates — Edna Pearl Vaniman. 

Out for a Mountain Ramble. Chester and Holland Flory. 


The Missionary Visitor 



A Good Map of Our China Mission Field. 


Rebecca C. Wampler. 

ON Sunday, Dec. 12, the new 
church at Ping Ting Chou was 
dedicated to the worship of God. 
The building has a seating capacity of 
five hundred, but on that day more than 
six hundred people were crowded in. 
The official of the city, together with his 
suite, was present, also a good repre- 
sentation from the government schools 
in the city. Mr. Li, pastor of the Con- 
gregational church in Peking, delivered 
the dedicatory sermon, " How to Be- 
have in God's House " being his subject. 
He gave us an excellent sermon and the 
audience listened very well, considering 
that this was the first time many of 
them had been in a churchhouse. Mr. 
Li is a Chinese Christian of the second 
generation and is a thoroughly conse- 
crated preacher. He came to us on 
Friday before the dedication and 

preached for us on Friday, Saturday 
and Sunday nights in addition to the 
dedicatory service. His sermons were 
very spiritual. It was an inspiration to 
listen to him and to see his simple, hum- 
ble manner in the pulpit. We are re- 
joicing over our new churchhouse and 
pray God's blessing upon those in the 
homeland who made it possible for us to 
have it. May it be of much service in 
bringing the Gospel to many in this part 
of China. 

Mr. Corbin, of the Congregational 
Mission at T'ai Ku — our nearest neigh- 
boring mission on the west — was with us 
a couple of days during these dedicatory 
services and gave us several excellent 


Some of the workers and children at 


The Missionary Visitor 


Liao Chou have not been well during 
this month, but from last reports all 
were very much better. Edna Pearl 
Vaniman, at Ping Ting Chou, is improv- 
ing rapidly, for which we are all very 



Although the new Boys' School 
building at Liao Chou is not entirely 
finished, the boys were able to move in 
on the 24th and spend Christmas in 
their new quarters. 

An effort was made at both places 
to have special Christmas services and 
to have as many people attend as pos- 
sible. Liao Chou had two services, one 
for men and one for women, and reports 
a crowded house at both. We at Ping 
Ting Chou had a Christmas service for 
women at the regular Thursday meeting. 
This was well attended. On Christmas 
Day a special service was held in the 
church, for both men and women, and 
the church was full. In addition to 
these services, poor people were helped 
by gifts of food and clothing. The 
Chinese Christians are learning the joy 
of giving to others, and showed much 
enthusiasm in looking after this part of 
the Christmas. 

Liao Chou reports that the land has 
all been bought for their compound out- 
side of the city. We are glad that this 
has been done in such a comparatively 
short time, for buying of land in China 
is often a long drawnout process. 

At the close of the services, held at 
the dedication of the church, about 
twenty men and five women asked to be 
enrolled as inquirers. This makes a to- 
tal of over thirty inquirers at present at 
Ping Ting Chou. We praise God for 
this. / 

For several years an attempt has been 
made at both stations to have Sunday- 
schools, but up to the present time it 

has been impossible to hold anything 
like a regular Sunday-school, with 
opening exercises and reports all togeth- 
er. The first Sunday in the New Year 
will see Sunday-schools started at both 
places, and in the planning for them 
the Chinese are very enthusiastic. We 
are glad to see this step taken, and be- 
lieve it will help many to know the 
Bible better. 

The first of June, 1914, a young miner 
was brought to Dr. Wampler with his 
foot badly injured — so badly injured 
that the doctor had very little hopes of 
saving the foot, but thought he would 
try. The next few months, as he lay on 
his back, those who waited on him 
learned to know how ignorant and 
stupid he was. He was so stupid that we 
despaired of his ever understanding 
anything. By and by he commenced to 
study the Chinese characters — he had 
never learned to read — and soon was 
reading the Gospels. He brightened up, 
and as his foot was long in healing, the 
doctor gave him some of the cleaning 
work to do about the dispensary. He 
was slow, but rather faithful in doing 
the work assigned him, and at this time 
he is able to be of some assistance at 
operations. His foot has entirely healed 
and he walks with only a slight limp. 
He kept on reading, enrolled as an in- 
quirer, and Oct. 30 was baptized. He 
learned to sing and became very fond of 
it, and at a church service not long ago 
he and the Chinese nurse sang a hymn, 
singing it very well. Those who think 
missions are not worth while ought to 
have seen this boy as we saw him when 
he was brought to us and then see him 
today, happy in serving Jesus the best 
he knows, and their objections would 
be forever silenced. The Gospel of 
Jesus Christ has power to regenerate a 
soul in China as well as in America, and 
oh, the great need for it here where so 
few know Him! 

Jan. 3. 


The Missionary Visitor 



D. H. Keller. 

[Brother Bosserman came to be much loved 
in the Mission Rooms through his kindly letters 
and frequent contributions to our mission funds, 
under the caption of Uncle John's Waste Basket. 
He was killed by a street car in Dayton, Ohio, 
Jan. 29, 1916.— Ed.] 

known to readers of 
the Visitor as " Un- 
cle John," was born 
near the battleground 
of Gettysburg, Pa., 
April 8, 1842. 

Educated at Gettysburg, he began his 
public work in teaching school in Adams 
County when quite young. He was mar- 
ried to Emma J. Weaver, of York Coun- 
ty, Pa., in 1865. 

In the early 80's the family removed 
to McPherson County, Kans., where he 
became a member of the board of trus- 
tees of the McPherson College in its 
formative days. A prosperous mer- 
cantile business was his next activity, 
but because of failure of the health of 
his wife they moved to Arkansas, then 
to Lawrence, Kans., where she passed 
away in 1907. The loneliness he ex- 
perienced after the death of his wife, 
to whom he was devoted the last years 
of her invalid life, led him to visit the 
scenes of his birth and his sister, who 
was then residing at Dayton, Ohio. In 
1913 he followed her remains to the 
beautiful Woodland, the city of the 

Here in Dayton he conceived the idea 
and faithfully committed himself to the 
work of turning waste into channels of 
usefulness for the Master. He fell upon 
the idea in this manner: Seeing a 
" junker " push his load of waste to the 
merchant, he thought to follow him to 
see how he- used the proceeds of his ef- 
fort. After the sale the man entered 
the saloon and spent his money for 

" that which satisfied not," or " was not 
bread." Bro. Bosserman thought there 
was a better end for using proceeds of 
waste than that which destroys body and 
soul, so he committed himself to the task 
of distributing baskets where they would 
be used for holding the accumulation of 
waste about the home, store and other 
places. These he would collect, sort and 
sell. The proceeds were used in further- 
ing the missionary endeavors of the 
church. Those who scan the reports of 
the mission receipts well know of his 
service and accomplishments in this 

The Lord's " Gather up the frag- 
ments that nothing be lost " had a large 
meaning to him. He saw the need of 
preaching the gospel of utilizing waste, 
and set himself to the task in such a 
manner that his zeal is well known 
throughout the Brotherhood. 

" If our people," said he, " would be 
more careful to conserve waste for the 
Lord, there would be a closer and better 
attention to the weightier obligations 
along this line." 

Blessed with such a competence as 
relieved him from the necessity of pro- 
viding for the daily need of food, he 
was free to give himself without re- 
striction to the work which he loved and 
in which he lost himself to the loneliness 
incident to the departure of his esteemed 

This work did not hinder him in fos- 
tering missionary sentiment and activ- 
ity. His way to and from the services 
of the church led him through the 
crowded parts of the city, and where 
the Lord directed him he gave tract, 
Messenger, Visitor, Sunday-school pa- 
per or Gospel to those who were dis- 
posed to accept. The parks, libraries, 
depots, Y. M. C. A., and hotels were 
scenes of his ministrations. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Quiet and unassuming, he wished that 
his work should hide his personality. 
So his offerings were made under the 
title of " Uncle John." 

His devotional life left an indelible 
impress upon those who came under his 

The last Sunday evening of his life he 
took a large part in the Christian Work- 
ers' meeting. Theme : " Favorite Chap- 
ters of the Bible." He spoke very feel- 
ingly of the fifteenth chapter of 1 Co- 
rinthians. During the talk, as if pro- 
phetic of his sudden end, he turned to 

the pastor and said, " Bro. , if 

you have charge of my obsequies, and 
my poor body, mayhap, lying there 
[with motion indicating the usual place 
of the casket in times of the funeral 
service], I want you to let my life speak 
for the work I have been doing and be 
a testimony of my faith in this classic 
of the Christian church which is the stay 
and support of those who hope in the 
future life." Little did we think that 
the next Sunday the church should be 
under a pall of sadness because of his 
sudden calling away. 

' He was to have begun teaching the 
older men's Bible class. 

The question of moment as a result 
of the influence of his life is, Shall the 
work he has so nobly begun in con- 
serving waste for the use of the cause 

make us more thoughtful of our duty 
and opportunity in exercising in this 
grace and using the small and less val- 
uable materials in such a way as to be 
turned into account for Him? 

If we are not careful in using waste 
for the Lord it is possible that we shall 
be negligent of the greater things. 

If in one year the waste-accumula- 
tion of one man amounted to enough to 
support a native worker, two orphans 
or a student in training or a support 
near $100 annually to the Board, what 
might the united accumulation of the 
church in utilizing waste be? 

If this work is beneath your dignity 
will you show as commendable zeal in 
the exercise of what you consider your 
reasonable effort? 

If your waste amounts to from $10 to 
$50 per annum, what do you estimate 
the contribution from things not con- 
sidered as waste might be? 

If we are diligent in the smaller things 
it is reasonable that we shall be faithful 
in the larger things. 

Bro. Bosserman was a man of talent 
and education, with poetic ability. Up- 
on the death of his father, Elder David 
Bosserman, in 1881, he composed the 
following verse : 

" Death comes when least we think, 
And our hearts with fear would shrink. 
Vast, vast are the joys that" are above, 
In sweet consent they join in love." 

Dayton, Ohio, Feb. 12. 

A man with aggravated dyspepsia came, bringing a quantity of sand, which he 
had been in the habit of eating. He made it by grinding up the stone rollers which 
are used in crushing grain, and said that he ate up several during the year. It was 
first prescribed by a Chinese doctor, who had been using it for some years, and said 
there were a number of others in his region who had acquired the habit. When at- 
tacks of pain came on he swallowed several ounces of this coarse sand, which he said 
held it down. Five or six pounds of sand were taken from him when he came to the 
Pang Chuang Hospital. Unfortunately his craving for it was so great that he could not 
remain till he was cured. — Dr. Peck, 


The Missionary Visitor 


A. F. Wine. 


IN the January number Bro. Graybill 
gave a description of our visit to 
Sweden, my hunting experience and 
his potato patch observations, but he 
failed to tell you the lesson that I 
learned while out in the woods. 

I had been wandering about for some 
time looking for game, but could see 
nothing. I stopped under a tree, looked 
all around, both on the ground and in 
the tree, but was unable to see any game, 
so I began to go, and as I did so stepped 
on a stick, which broke in two, making a 
sharp noise, and behold, right from 
above my head flew two fine, big pheas- 
ants, the very thing for which I had 
been looking. An opportunity right be- 
fore my eyes, but I could not see it. 

Then I thought that so it is with many 
of us in a spiritual sense. God gives us 
many opportunities, but we fail to see 
them, perhaps because of too much 
mingling with the world or a lack of 
spiritual training. How often has God 
brought to our very door an opportunity 

to speak a word of encouragement to a 
longing soul, to give a five, ten, twenty- 
five, fifty or a hundred dollar bill to mis- 
sions, education, suffering humanity, in 
order that we might receive a blessing as 
well as the receiver, but we failed to see 
the opportunity. Our eyes were closed, or 
at least our hearts, and thus we failed to 
use the means that God intended to bless 
us with. How delighted I would have 
been to see the opportunity in the woods 
right before my eyes, so as to take the 
blessings home to my doubting brother, 
but I failed ! My eyes were not trained 
in that line of work. 

Brother, sister, is your spiritual eye 
trained? Do you see the many oppor- 
tunities that are hovering round day by 
day? If you see them and fail to im- 
prove them, soon your vision will be 
dulled and finally blinded altogether to 
that which was intended to bring you 
the greatest blessing. I shall never for- 
get the lesson. 

Aalborg, Denmark. 


Merle Witmore. 

THE young people of our church 
met the last of May, 1915, and 
organized a Mission Study Class. 
We took for a text Galen B. Royer's 
" Christian Heroism in Heathen Lands." 
The class began with an enrollment of 
twelve. Our teacher, Sister Fern Wag- 
ner, proved to be a capable instructor, 
and we found our study interesting as 
well as profitable. We finished the 
book the last of October, and ten took 

the examination and received diplomas. 
The class has benefited the church 
greatly by arousing a missionary spirit. 
Not wishing to disband our class after 
finishing our mission study we have 
taken up the book of Mark and now 
have a very interesting Bible class each 
Sunday evening. We enjoy the class 
very much and are sure it will .be a last- 
ing benefit to us. 
Adrian, Mo. 


The Missionary Visitor 



From a Leaflet by Dr. Adoniram Judson, 
Baptist Missionary to Burmah. 

To the Christian Women of America: 

During the years when you have been 
wearing these useless ornaments, how 
many poor creatures have been pining in 
want ! How many have groaned on 
beds of abject wretchedness ! How 
many children have been bred up in the 
blackest ignorance, hardened in all man- 
ner of iniquity! How many precious 
souls have gone down to death with a 
lie in their right hand, having never 
heard of the true God and the only 
Savior! Some of these miseries might 
have been mitigated ; some poor wretch 
have felt his pain relieved; some poor 
widow's heart been made to sing for 
joy; some helpless orphan been taught 
in the Sabbath-school, trained up for a 
happy life here and hereafter. The Holy 
Bible and valuable tracts might have 
been far more extensively circulated in 
heathen lands, had you not been afraid 
of being thought unfashionable, and not 
" like other folks " ; had you not pre- 
ferred adorning your persons, and cher- 
ishing the sweet, seductive feelings of 
vanity and pride. 

O Christian sisters, believers in God, 
in Christ, in an eternal heaven, and an 
eternal hell, can you hesitate and ask 
what you shall do? Bedew those orna- 
ments with tears of contrition ; conse- 
crate them to the cause of charity; hang 
them on the cross of your dying Lord. 
Delay not an instant. Hasten with all 
your might, if not to make reparation 
for the past, at least to prevent a con- 
tinuation of the evil for the future. 

And for your guidance allow me to 
suggest two fundamental principles — 
the one based on 1 Tim. 2 : 9 — all or- 
naments and costly dress to be disused; 
the other on the law of general benev- 
olence — the avails of such articles, and 
the savings resulting from the plain 

dress system, to be devoted to purposes 
of charity. . . . Think not anything 
small which may have a bearing upon 
the kingdom of Christ and upon the des- 
tinies of eternity. How easy to con- 
ceive, from many known events, that the 
single fact of a lady divesting herself 
of a necklace for Christ's sake, may in- 
volve consequences which shall be felt 
to the remotest parts of the earth, and 
in all future generations to the end of 
time — yea, stretch away into a bound- 
less eternity, and be a subject of praise, 
millions of ages after this world and all 
its ornaments are burned up. . . . 
The eye of Christ is upon you. Death 
is hastening to strip you of your orna- 
ments, and turn your fair forms into 
corruption and dust. We shall all soon 
appear before the judgment seat of 
Christ, to be tried for our conduct, and 
to receive the things done in the body. 
When placed before that awful bar, in 
the presence of that Being Whose eyes 
are as a flame of fire, and Whose irrev- 
ocable fiat will fix you forever in 
heaven or hell, what course will you 
then wish you had taken ? Will you then 
wish that, in defiance of His authority, 
you had adorned your mortal bodies in 
gold and precious stones and costly at- 
tire — cherishing self-love, vanity and 
pride? Or will'you wish you had chosen 
a life of self-denial, renounced the 
world, taken up the cross daily and fol- 
lowed Him? 

For we shall all stand before the judg- 
ment seat of Christ. For it is written, 
As I live, saith the Lord, every knee 
shall bow to Me, and every tongue shall 
confess to God. So then EVERY ONE 
OF US shall give account of himself -to 
God (Rom. 14: 10-12). How will the 
account stand in the light of doing all 
we can for evangelizing the world? 


The Missionary Visitor 




Esther Beahm. 

THE success of an army does not 
depend alone upon the number 
of the soldiers, but also on the 
leader and the loyalty and submission of 
the soldiers to the will of their leader. 

The Student Volunteers of Hebron 
Seminary are few in numbers, but 
Christ is our Leader, and it is becom- 
ing more and more of a pleasure for us 
to say to Him as our Leader, " Thy will 
be done." 

When we organized, in October, 1915, 
we were six in number. Since then five 
more have joined our ranks. We have 
chosen " I Surrender All " for our band 
song. We make it a rule to have week- 
ly meetings. In these we discuss the 
business of the band, yet in the main 
these meetings are devotional. They 
are sources of great strength for our ac- 
tive work. We have weekly Bible class- 
es in some of the homes of the com- 
munity. A book of the Bible is taken 
up for study, thus introducing system- 
atic study into some of the homes where 
such study has not been done. 

We hope to inspire missionary sen- 
timent by the giving of programs. We 
have rendered one at home and are 
planning more for the churches in near- 
by congregations. Very soon we will 
take up work in mission study. 

We want to be unreservedly conse- 
crated to our Leader, so we may be true 
volunteers for Him, and so we may help 
win " the whole wide world for Jesus." 

Nokesville, Va. 


Pearl Grosh. 

THE Manchester Volunteer Mis- 
sion Band has been growing this 
year. At the beginning of last 
year our band numbered twenty-five ; at 

the present time it numbers fifty. We 
are glad for the increase in our band, 
for it means an increase of the mission- 
ary spirit. It means likewise more 
workers to go out in the future. 

Our band has .not been idle this year. 
Each Sunday afternoon we have met for 
a season of devotion and the study of 
the book, " The Christian's Secret of a 
Happy Life." We are ready now to 
study the book, " Christian Heroism in 
Heathen Lands." We have a large class 
in this, for others outside of the band 
are interested in this study. The class 
numbers nearly one hundred. 

There have been various other activ- 
ities of the band. Several programs 
have been given in neighboring churches 
to help arouse a missionary sentiment in 
them. An extension Sunday-school is 
being conducted under the direction and 
help of the band. Members of the 
band have assisted in house-to-house 
canvasses of the town for religious 
purposes. But there is one work that 
seems to be enjoyed most — that is, 
home visiting. Several members of 
the band go to homes of those 
sick or aged, where they either hold 
a prayer meeting or have a song 
service. These visits, even though they 
may be short, seem to bring rays of 
sunshine into these homes. 

Most of the members of our band 
have not decided on any definite line of 
work for the Master, but there are nine 
who have volunteered for foreign work. 
Our president is Bro. C. A. Wright, 
whom many of you will remember as a 
member of the General Peace Commit- 
tee of our church. 

As the time is drawing near for the 
Conference at Winona, we are becom- 
ing eager for the United Volunteer Con- 
vention. We feel that these conven- 
tions may mean much to our local bands 
if we look for the inspiration and profit 
we may get from them. 



The Missionary Visitor 


As members of the Volunteer Band at 
Manchester, we are hoping that an in- 
crease in numbers will not detract from 
our spirituality, but that it may increase 
our enthusiasm and spirituality, and 
help us ever to remember that we are 
" volunteers " for the Master. 

Benj. F. Summer. 

T\ HE student volunteer is looking 
• forward to the undertaking of a 
great work, that of bearing the 
Glad Tidings to those who have never 
heard. There is no other work which is 
so beneficial to mankind and which will 
render so much glory to God as the 
work of wisely disseminating the gospel 
truth. Those who engage in this work 
must have a vision of life, and in im- 
parting their vision to others they must 
do it dexterously. The purpose of the 
missionaries is to impart this vision of 
life to those who lack the vision. And 
only as they are efficient in doing this 
do their efforts count. 

No enterprise demands greater ef- 
ficiency of those engaged in the work 
than does that of saving lost souls. And 
for great efficiency there is great need 
of preparation. 

The idea with some is that mission 
work can be engaged in and effectively 
carried on without much preparation. 
But such an idea is erroneous. Let us 
look to our great Example, and we find 
that He spent thirty years in prepara- 
tion and three in service. And if prep- 
aration was necessary for the Master 
Teacher it is none the less necessary 
for His sub-teachers. The life of Christ, 
however, does not teach that for every 
three years of efficient service there 
must be thirty years of preparation. 
But it does teach that prior to the ren- 
dering of efficient service there must be 
preparation. It is most likely true that 
the apostles could affix to their names 
no degree of scholarship, but neverthe- 

less they had received the training need- 
ed for the work which they were to do! 
Three years were they with the Master 
under His instruction. 

It is clear, therefore, that preparation 
is in a large measure the. mission of the 
volunteer. And thorough preparation 
means a great deal to the active life on 
the field. If there is anyone in need of 
symmetrical development it is the mis- 
sionary. There is need of strength phys- 
ically, intellectually and spiritually. 
There are some students who neglect 
their physical development; others who 
neglect their intellectual, and still others 
who neglect their spiritual development. 
But for symmetry, the body, the intel- 
lect and the spirit must develop in their 
proper proportions. Undue develop- 
ment of any one of these borders on 
fanaticism. There are physical fanatics, 
intellectual fanatics and spiritual fanat- 
ics. God does not want fanatics of any 
kind in His service. Therefore it be- 
hooves us as volunteers properly to care 
for our bodies, to educate our intellects 
and to become spiritually strong in the 

All the while during our preparation 
our vision of life should enlarge, our 
knowledge of the needs of the world 
should increase, and our desire to aid in 
the supplying of these needs should grow 
more intense. It is vision that has 
prompted us to declare ourselves as will- 
ing and consecrated servants. And the 
greater our vision of the harvest field 
and of the needs of the world the more 
will we desire that others enter into 
service with us. Thus it is our mission, 
while volunteers, also to aid in calling 
forth other volunteers. If we have 
caught a vision of service it is our mis- 
sion to impart the vision to others. For 
surely there are many other young men 
and young women who will be willing 
to consecrate their lives to His service 
when they have caught the vision. If 
we are sincere our lives will both direct- 

(Continued on Page 128.) 


The Missionary Visitor 



The Watchman tells of a father sitting at 
the breakfast table with his son, who had 
just arrived at the age of twenty-one, when 
his son asked: " Father, how do you ex- 
pect to vote?" "Son, I will vote for Lo- 
cal Self-Government." " Well, father, the 
practical effect of that vote is to continue 
the saloons in Richmond, is it not?" " Yes, 
son, that will be the -effect." " Father, 1 
am twenty-one. Some of my associates 
drink, and frequently they have invited me 
to go with them into saloons. I can truth- 
fully say to you and mother this morning 
that I have never darkened the door of a 
saloon, but if the saloon is good enough 
for you to vote for, it is good enough for 
me to support, and the next invitation that 
comes to me, I will accept and go in and 
drink." The father lost his appetite; his 
eyes filled with tears; a lump came in his 
throat; and he said: "My son, I will vote 
for prohibition." 

The death has just been recorded of Rev. 
Sylvanus Stall, who wrote many books that 
are widely circulated. At his funeral serv- 
ice the following impressive message was 
read, having been extracted from one of 
his latest addresses to the students at a 
gathering of the theological seminary at 

" I have reached the end of the journey 
upon which you are just entering. I have 
a message for you from my open grave. 
Let me impress upon you the importance 
of a full, unqualified, and complete accept- 
ance of the Scriptures from cover to cov- 
er as the inspired and infallible Word of 
God. If you can not accept it as such, let 
me say to you you will have no message, 
and you ought never to enter the ministry. 
Preach Jesus Christ, and Him crucified as 
the only hope of the sinner, and the only 
Savior of a lost and ruined world." 

PSALM 119: 105 TO 112. 

In a certain New England town there 
lived a rich and prominent deacon who was 
known to be hard at a bargain, close-fisted, 
forcing wages down and prices up. As he 
passed a group of men one day, one said, 
" There goes the founder of the Atheists' 
Club." Some people make it very easy to 
believe the Bible, while others make it al- 
most impossible. Are we among the 
" some " or " others "'? 


An Arab guide was leading a French in- 
fidel across the desert and frequently the 
Arab guide would get down in the sand 
and pray to the Lord. It disgusted the 

French infidel; and, after a while, as the 
Arab got up from one of his prayers, the 
infidel said: 

"How do you know there is any God?" 

The Arab guide replied: 

" How do I know that a man and a camel 
passed along by our tent last night?" 

" I know it by the footprints in the 

"And you want to know how I know there 
is any God? Look at that sunset! Is that 
the footprint of a man?" — Christian Her- 

" Responsibility rests upon every Chris- 
tian to prove that he is not needed in a for- 
eign field. If he can not leave home at all 
or if he can present honest, prayerful and 
convincing evidence to his own conscience 
that he is not needed " at the front " of 
Christ's battlefield, then he is called to rep- 
resent him at the home base, in the capac- 
ity of farmer, merchant, banker, according 
as circumstances may have placed him." — 
Dr. S. P. Lipton, Chung Ju, Korea. 

The following prayer meeting testimony, 
given in Miss Perry's book, " Twenty Years 
a Korean Missionary," and clipped from 
Record of Christian Work, affords a new 
recipe for some American Christians who 
"speak three times and think once": 

" The meeting room was very still as he 
gave his message. ' I had a picture of the 
Lord Jesus in my house,' he said, ' and' I 
hung it upon the wall. After I became a 
Christian I found it very difficult to keep 
from getting angry. This had always been 
my besetting sin. My mother used to laugh 
at me at such times. She seemed more 
proud of me, saying it showed spirit. So 
it did — a wicked spirit. The preacher had 
said that when we got angry or sinned in 
any way, it pierced the Lord Jesus afresh, 
so I thought every time I lost my temper 
I would put a thorn into that picture. This 
I thought would make me more careful. 
The picture was soon covered with thorns. 
I was very unhappy; I could not go on like 
that. My father said: "Take out all the 
thorns now, my son." I took them out 
to ease my heart, as I could not bear to 
see them; and behold the scars, where they 
had been, still remained. So it is with the 
Lord Jesus. He bore the great penalty for 
us. and the scars remain, for He said: 
" Behold My hands and My feet." A great 
love came over me that He should suffer 
so, and now He gives me grace in tempta- 
tion. I get behind Him, remembering how 
He hung there, and I say, " Not I but 
Christ within me," and His sweetness 
comes instead of my bad temper, for we 
have made the great exchange.' " 


The Missionary Visitor 


A missionary gives us, in an exchange, 
the following sidelight of the native mind 
in the mission field: "A man in church 
this morning marched up to the front, as 
is the custom in Ongole, to make a special 
thank-offering. He said God had blessed 
him twice. He showed a rupee which he 
wished to offer to God for the birth of a 
fine calf. Then he held up a half rupee, a 
thank offering for the birth of a baby girl." 
We spend millions in our land to improve 
our stock in hogs and cattle, but boys still 
go the cigarette road, and little children 
continue to die from lack of proper food 
and sanitation in our cities. 

A friend told me one day, " You [mis- 
sionaries] are the feet of the church, and 
wherever you go the church goes with 
you." "Oh," I said, "that is beautiful! 
the feet of the church; that is the lowest 
part of the body, and treads in the mud 
very often, and in the dust. And if the 
feet of the messenger of peace are so very 
beautiful in the sight of God and of the 
angels, what must be the body? And if the 
body is so beautiful and so glorious, what 
must be the head?" — Francois Collard, of 
the Zembezi. .£ .j? 

Lead Thou their steps ever so gently, Fa- 
Down life's decline; 
When earth's support shall fail them alto- 
Be quick with Thine. 

They have been strong, so full of hope and 
'Twas joy to climb; 
Now summit passed, strength spent, ah! 
they are weary 
At evening time. 

They sometimes tell of a distant country, 

They call the past, 
Where lived the wee white soul flowers, 
early taken, 

Where bloom will last. 

These pilgrims bore us up life's steepest 

Xow, at our hands, 
They shall receive the fullest, tender service 

Love understands. 

Be Thou their sure, unfailing staff of com- 
Lead them, dear Lord; 
But comfort us — our fathers and our moth- 
Fare valleyward. 

— Selected. 

" In one of Eye-Witness' recent letters 
from the front, we are told that above 
the thunder of the big guns at Neuve Chap- 
pelle was heard the song of a lark. The 
little songster, whose nest was among the 

shell-torn and blasted battlefields of earth, 
had found a place for song high up in the 
ampler air of heaven. High overhead, all 
undeterred by the strife and carnage below, 
the sweet minstrel was pouring out its very 
soul in rich and jubilant melody. Has not 
that little skylark a message for us?" 

^j ^ 



By M. M. Fshelman. 

Recently our attention has been called 
to a new book, just issued from the Breth- 
ren Publishing House press, with the above 
title and author. This volume, dedicated 
" To the ' King of Saints ' and. to all who 
believe ' He shall come to be glorified in 
His saints, and to be admired in all them 
that believe in that day,' " abounds with a 
wealth of material on the book of Revela- 
tion that is not usually found in the large 
number of volumes on the subject, that are 
constantly issuing from the presses of our 

The material is very conveniently ar- 
ranged in forty-eight lessons of questions 
and answers, first considering the book by 
consecutive chapters,, with several chapters 
on symbols, incidents and puzzling pas- 
sages, in addition. 

The book of Revelation is a hard one cor- 
rectly to interpret. Whether one succeeds 
or fails in the attempt is largely determined 
by the particular school of thought to which 
one belongs. 

The language of the revelator is ex- 
tremely symbolic and figurative; difficul- 
ties of the investigator are great. A vast 
latitude is offered to the one prone to spec- 
ulate on probable meanings. Considering 
this puzzling maze of difficulties, the edi- 
tor of the Visitor is glad to say that "The 
Open Way " embraces about as logical an 
explanation of the book of Revelation as 
he has recently seen put forth by the 
school of interpreters of which Bro. Eshel- 
man is an exponent. 

This book, handsomely bound in green 
cloth, with title and author's name stamped 
in gold, containing 212 pages, may be ob- 
tained from the Brethren Publishing 
House. Elgin, 111., or Salome A. Eshel- 
man, 219 Blanche Ave., Tropico, Cal. Price, 
$1, postpaid. 

..* -J* 

Has the sin of your prayerlessness 
overwhelmed you yet? 

If you can not trust your life to 
Him, to whc\m then can you trust it? 
To ivhom have you intrusted it? 

Was your pocketbook baptized when 
you zv ere? 


The Missionary Visitor- 



C. A. Wright. 


Pray for the general health of those en- 
gaged in language study. 

Pray that they may have strong minds and 
retentive memories. 

Thank God that it is* possible for our mis- 
sionaries to acquire difficult languages and 
then teach His Word. 

Ask God's blessing on the native, tutors who 
direct our missionaries in their study. 

Thank God that Bro. Vaniman and those 
who began to study Chinese with him 
two years ago are now able to preach 
and teach in Chinese. 

Remember Dr. Barbara Nickey, who is en- 
gaged in study in India. 

Pray that Sisters Nettie Senger and Bes- 
sie Rider may have the Spirit's blessing 
in beginning their study in China. 


Pray that Sister Ida Himmelsbaugh may 
create much missionary enthusiasm in the 
congregations she visits. 

Thank God for the recovery of Bro. E. H. 
Eby, who recently underwent an opera- 
tion in Chicago. Pray God that he and 
his family may soon be ready to return 
to their work in India. 

Hold up Bro. S. P. Berkebile and family at 
a throne of grace. Bro. Berkebile's health 
failed in India, and he is now regaining it. 

Pray that Sisters Kathryn Ziegler and 
Eliza B. Miller while in America may be 
instruments in God's hands for the ac- 
complishing of much good, both in their 
home congregations and in their sojourns 
among the churches. 

Brother and Sister Crumpacker begin their 
furlough soon. Pray for a safe voyage 
for them, and that their presence here in 
America may create missionary interest 
wherever they go. 

March 26— April 1. — MISSIONARIES' 

We often pray for our missionaries on the 
field, but how many' of us remember their 
children in our petitions? 

Pray for their health and general well-be- 

Thank God for the lives of these children 
and for the joy they bring into our mis- 
sionaries' homes. 

We erect Boys' and Girls' Industrial 
Schools. Why not ask God to open the 
way for the erection of schools in which 
our missionaries' children can be educat- 

Remember Brother and Sister Wine's chil- 
dren in Denmark; Brother and Sister 

Stover's children, who are at Mt. Morris 
College; Brother and Sister Eby's boys, 
who are at Seattle with their parents. 

The Mississinewa Sunday-school (Indiana) 
has pledged the support of Joseph Daniel 
Pittenger of India. Pray that other Sun- 
day-schools may use similar opportunities 
in this way. 

Prav that our missionaries' children may 
have happy homes and a sunny childhood, 
and may grow up to love the work which 
their parents have undertaken. 

Pray for the bereaved parents of little 
Adah Ebey and Cathryn Bright, who 
have been called to their Master. 

April 2-8. — WORK OF MISSION 

Pray for the various Boys' and Girls' In- 
dustrial Schools. 

Pray for the evangelistic work of Bro. 
Vaniman and his assistant, Bro. Yin. 

Thank God for the sixteen recently baptized 
at Liao Chou. 

Pray for the thirty women in Sister Anna 
Hutchison's Bible reading class at Liao. 

Thank God for the new land bought and 
the new buildings being erected and dedi- 
cated in China. 

Pray that our schools in India may reach 
more of those who are illiterate, as nine- 
ty-three per cent of the men and ninety- 
nine per cent of the women are such. 

Praise God for the friendly spirit mani- 
fested by the Chinese natives while 
Brethren Brubaker, Crumpacker and 
Bright were on their investigation trips. 

Thank God for the past successes of the 
Bulsar Bible School, and pray for more 
leaders and efficient teachers. 

April 9-15. — GENERAL .MISSION 

Ask God to give grace and strength to 
each individual member of the Board, 
that he may bear the responsibility rest- 
ing on him. 

Ask God that hearts and pocketbooks may 
be opened to such an extent that the 
Board will not have to close this year's 
work with a deficit. 

Thank God for every past success of the 

Ask God for the Spirit's guidance at every 
meeting of the Board. 

Pray that the needed workers may be avail- 

Pray that the spirit of wisdom may rest 
upon each member of the Board. 

Thank God that last year's deficit was not 
because of a decrease in receipts, but be- 
cause of an increase in work done. 


The Missionary Visitor 




In the January Visitor tne $5.00 credited to 

has. F. Miller and family, Beaverdam, Eastern 
laryland, under Italian Mission should have been 
red'ited to Sweden Mission, thereby decreasing 
talian Mission by $5.00 and increasing the Swed- 
n Fund by $5.00. 

n the January Visitor the $1 000 00 '-rented to 
state of Jas. Cary, Tennessee, under AVorld-wide, 
honld be credited instead to estate of Henry F. 


During the month of January the General Mis- 
ion Board sent out 92,539 pages of tracts. 

The Board is pleased to acknowledge the re- 
eipt of the following donation* during the 
lonth of January, 1916: 

'ennsylvania — $705.24. 
Vestern District, Congregations. 

Brothers Valley, $11.55; Greenville, 
4.25; Summit, Brothers Valley, Middle 

reek, $3.60, $ 19 40 


S. S. Lint, $6; Herman Rummel. $5; 

oster B. Statler, Rummel, $2; Caroline 
leyers, $3.50; S. J. Miller, $6; W. H. 
Coontz, $5; Joel Gnagey, $3; Mrs. W. G. 
Iostetler, $1; Mrs. J. H. Potter. 50 
ents: Wm. Thomas, 40 cents; John 
Jerg, $2; Priscilla Berg, $1; B. B. Lud- 
dck (marriage notice), 50 cents; Thos. 
Iardin and Familv, $1; J. W. Rummel, 

2; Susan Christner, $1, 39 90 

liddle District, Congregations. 

Everett, $5.10; Roaring Spring, $4.25; 
Vughwick, Sugar Run, $3.30; Queen, 

'laar, 65 cents 13 30 


T. T. Myers, $1.50; D. P. Hoover, 
Tyrone (marriage notice), 50 cents: An- 
iie E. Miller, $5; Mary Smouse. New 
Enterprise, $1 ; B. F. Wampler and wife, 
10; I. B. Replogle, $1.26; Sam'l R. Sny- 
ler, New Enterprise, $3; John R. Stayer. 
3; Jno. S. Baker, $1; Aaron Teeter, 
2; Mrs. Geo. W. Clouse, $1; Jas. 
Vineland, $1; Geo. S. Myers, $1; Ma- 
•ietta Brown, $3 ; Geo. Metzger, $1 ; Ag- 
les Brumbaugh, 25 cents; Roy Brum- 

>augh, 25 cents 35 76 

Eastern District, Congregations. 

Mingo, $10.93; Indian Creek, $"6.68; 
Yest Conestoga. $27.90; Lititz, $34.82; 
Tarrisburg, $20.27; Elizabethtown, $44.- 

1 ; Conestoga. $26.86 222 17 


Harrisburg, 12 26 


Abram Faekler, $5; Jos. Fitzwater, 
53; Mrs. S. S. Beaver. Lancaster. $2.50: 
Wm. J. Kintzel (marriage notice), 50 
ents; H. B. Horst. $2: John R. Erb, 40 
•ents; Mrs. R. D. Ra ffensperger. $1; 
Henry Bollinger, $1 : Mrs. Jacob H. 
>teiger. $1: Marv A. Kauffman. 50 cents; 
Sally Hershberger. Springfield. $1 ; S. 

Prances Harner, $1.20 19 10 

Southern District. Congregations. 

Antietam. $140; Upper Codorus, $49.60; 

T pper Conewago, $8.80, 198 40 


Baker 10 00 

Christian Workers. 

Free Spring, Lost Creek 5 50 


•I. J. Oiler. $30; Chas. C. BroAvn. $10; 
Mr. and Mrs. W. C. Wertz. $10; Alice K. 
rrimmer. York. $5; Solomon Stranser. 
56.30: Telia Yost. $5: H. J. Shnllenberer- 
>r. $5: John TT. Smith. $4; C. W. Reich- 
mi. $3: Helen Price. $1.25: Sarah A. 
Raker. $2; Annie Emmert. $1: G. W. 
FTarlacher. $1.50; W. B. Harlacher. Han- 
over. $1: D. G. Shellenbererer, $1: Bar- 
bara Leiter, 50 cents; A Sister, Ridge, 

$1 ; Receipt No. 29263, $1, i 

Southeastern District. Congregations. 

Coventry, $28.90; Upper Dublin. $10,.. 
Individuals. *■ 

1). B. Booz, $1 ; W. F. Spidle, $1, ... 
Ohio— $272.87. 
Northwestern District, Congregations. 

Sugar Creek, $20; Lick Creek, $17.76, 

Busy Bee, Fostoria, 


David Byerly, $12; W. E. Shoemaker 
and wife, $5; J. R. Spacht, $5; L. H. 
Cook, 65 cents; Delmer Beery. 10 cents; 
Lydia Dickey, Fostoria, $1.50; Caroline 

Smith, $1.50, 

Northeastern District, Congregations. 

Danville, $21.60: Canton Citv, $14.66; 

First Ashland, $13.26, 


Freeburg, $32.50; Canton Center. $10.- 
70; Flat Run, Danville, $5; New Phila- 
delphia, $4, 

Class No. 3, North Bend Sunday- 


Sarah Dupl^r. $10.38: Wm. Domer, $5; 
John Dupler. $1.20; Clara Woods. $1 ; 
Geo. E. Hartsough, $5; A. F. Shriver. 
Akron, (marriage notice), 50 cents; Isaac 
Brumbaugh, $10; Jennie Bear, $1; Sadie 

Moherman, $1 

Southern District, Congregations. 

Brookville, Arlington, $11; Bear Creek, 



• Pittsburg 

Christian Workers. 

Beech Grove, $7; Prices Creek, $2.03, 

The Lord's Share of Uncle John's Pen- 
sion Check, 


Levi Stoner, $10: Sarah Stoner. dec, 
$5; Eli Niswonger, $1.20: John O. Warn- 
er, Ludlow. $1.20; David Brenner, $1.20; 
Amanda Schneck, $1; Henrv Baker. 
Greenville, $1; John H. Rinehart. $1.20; 
Jesse K. Brumbaugh, $1.20; AY. H. Fol- 
kerth, $1.20; W. C. Teeter, $1.20: Mrs. 
Ezra Kimmel, Brookville (marriage no- 
tice, 50 cents; Sister A, $5, , 

Virginia/— $381.44. 

First District, Congregation. 



John W. Layman, $50; Pauline Nollev, 

$10 ; F. D. Kennett, $1 

Second District. Congregations. 

Mt. Vernon. $13.89; Elk Run. Little 

River. $1.80; Chimney Run, $1.31, 

Aid Society. 



J. W. Wright, $3: Chas. H. Wampler, 
$1 ; W. H. Sipe, Bridgewater, $10; John 
S. Flory, Bridgewater, $1.50: Lethe A. 
Liskey, $1.20; Salome A. Gochenour, 
$1: S. I. Stoner, Middle River, $3.70; 
Barbara A. Wampler, $1.10; Fannie A. 
AVampler, $1.10; Bessie V. Wampler, 
$1.10; Mrs. P. J. Craun. Bridgewater, 
50 cents : Elizabeth A. Andes, Bridge- 
water, $1; Jacob L. Zimmerman, $5; 
Mary S. Zimmerman, $2.50: Jane A. 
Zimmerman. $2.50: E. D. Kendigr, $2; 
Mary R. Evers, 25 cents; Martha F. Ev- 
ers, 25 cents ; Lucy E. Evers, 25 cents ; 
M. G. Sanger, 50 cents ; Geo. W. Shaffer, 
$2; Nannie O. Humbert, 50 cents; John 
D. Huddle, 28 cents; S. Frank Cox, 50 
cents; Jas. R. Shipman. $1.50; John S. 
Garber, $1; Sam'l L. Huffman. $1.20; 
John L. Driver, $1; D. C. Cline. $1; Bet- 
tie E. Caricofe. 50 cents : Mattie V. Cari- 
cofe, 50 cents ; J. S. Wright, 25 cents ; 

8» OO 

38 90 

2 00 ; 

37 76 
2 00 

49 52 

52 20 
10 61 

35 08 

12 00 
6 12 
9 03 
1 90 












The Missionary Visitor 

Barbara V. Ringgold. 50 cents; Aaron S. 
Ringgold, $2; M. D. Hess, 25 cents; A. 
B. Glick, 50 cents; Jacob H. Cline, $1; 
N. A. and Lydia Evers, 25 cents; J. H. 
Ralston, $1; Nannie J. Miller, 40 cents, .$ 55 58 
Northern District, Congregations. 

Timberville, $78; Flat Rock, $44.61; 

Unity, $29.88; Lost River, $1.14, 153 63 


Madison and Catherine R. Kline, $1; 
J. N. Smith and wife, $1; Catharine 
Wampler, $3; Sidney Wilson, $1; L. 
S. Miller, 50 cents; Phebe E. Stultz, $1; 
Marv C. Miller, Harrisonburg, 50 cents; 
B. W. Naff, $5; Benj. Cline, 50 cents; 
Mrs. J. G. Kline, $1; D.. M. Good, $2.50; 
D. S..Neff, Flat Rock, $1.50; Susanna 
Flory, 50 cents ; D. W. Wampler, $2 ; 
J. M. Rodeffer, $2; John H. Kline, $5; 
P. S. Thomas, $1.50; D. R. Miller, 27 

cents; Jacob D. Miller, $2.40, 32 17 

Southern District, Congregations. 

Germantown, $6; Burks Fork, $3.40; 
Stone Wall, $1.50 ; Pleasant Valley, $2.65, 13 55 

G. C. Reed, 1 00 

Eastern District, Congregations. 

Manassas, $11.54; Mt. Carmel, $3.26,.. 14 80 


S. A. Sanger, $1.20; J. M. Garber. $1.20; 
B. F. A. Myers, 25 cents; Ella L. Myers, 

$1 ; Mrs. F. H. May, $1, 4 65 

Kansas — $290.01. 

Northwestern District, Individuals. 

Sister Eli Younce, Quinter, $5; Mary 
R. Moler, $1; Isaac B. Garst, Quinter, 

$1 ; Sarah Horting. $5, 12 00 

Northeastern District, Congregation. 

Appanoose, 2 61 

Christian Workers. 

Ozawkie, 2 70 


J. W. Moser, $40; Mrs. J. O. Kimmel, 
Rock Creek, $1; Clate Brougher, Rock 
Creek, 50 cents; Daniel H. Longenecker, 
$1; J. M. Ward (marriage notice), 50 
cents; Benj. Forney (marriage notice), 
50 cents ; C. B. Smith, Morrill (marriage 

notice), 50 cents. A Brother, $5 49 00 

Southwestern District, Congregation. 

McPherson 121 94 

Christian Workers. 

Wichita 61 


J. D. Yoder, $50; Mrs. H. H. Harnly, 
McPherson, $5; S. M. Brown, $2.50; Ame- 
lia Fry, Larned, $1; Mrs. Chas. Eng- 
strom, McPherson, $1; Dewey York, 
$3.66; A. J. Culler (marriage notice), 50 

cents 63 66 

Southeastern District, Congregations. 

Osage. $16: Fredonia, $14.60; Madison, 

Verdigris, $6.89, 37 49 

Indiana— $278.66. 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Cedar Lake 21 95 


Camp Creek, 17 75 


Willing Workers, Pike Creek, 4 00 


Melvin D. Neff, $10; Elias and Rachel 
Fashbaugh, $9; Isaac L. Berkey, Go- 
shen, $1; Sam'l E. Good, $1; Marv E. 
Early, $5; Hamon Hoover, New Salem, 
$1; Enos W. Bowers, $1; Elizabeth Hay, 
$5; A Body and wife, $5; Mary Lam- 
medee, $2.50; Christian Stouder, $5; Wm. 
F. Neal (marriage notice), 50 cents, ... 46 00 

Middle District, Congregations. 

Pleasant Dale. $16.28; Wabash, $11.70; 
Prairie Creek, $3.79; Manchester College, 

$17, 48 77 


Huntington City, $9.28; Salamonie Pri- 
mary, $10.84 20 12 

Christian Workers. 

Second South Bend 1 63 


Young Married People, Salamonie, ...$ 

Walter Balsbaugh, $5; Dan'l Karn, 
$2.50; M. E. Miller, $1; Jas. K. Cline, $6; 
David Eikenberry, $2; Elizaoeth Jones, 
$1; W. S. Ewing, $1.50; J. D. Rife, $1.20; 
Jas. Himelick, Mexico, $2.50; John W. 
Hoover, $1.25; Odis P. Clingenpeel, $2; 
Isaac L. Shultz, $1.20; T. D. Butter- 
baugh (marriage notice), 50 cents; Leroy 
Fraft, $5; John E. Miller, 50 cents; E. E. 
Dailey (marriage notice), 50 cents; M. 

D. Neff, $8.85 ; Emma Fair, $1, 

Southern District, Congregations. 

Ladoga, $5 ; Howard, $7.55, 



Christian Workers. 



Ann A. Yost, $2; D. F. Hoover, $2; 
Henry Acker, $1; Franklin Johnson, $1; 
Lewis C. Childs, $1; Catharine Bowman, 
$1; W. P. Noffsinger, $5.20; John Herr, 
$3; Blanche Rinehart, $10; Mrs. David 

Rinehart, $5; A Brother, $15, 

Iowa— $202.15. 

Northern District, Individuals. 

H. C. Sheller, $10; Julia A. Sheller, 
$2; Edward Zapf, $5.10; Uriah S. Blough, 
$4; C. A. Shook, $2; H. S. Sheller, $5; H. 

E. Slifer, $10; Jacob Lichty, $6; Julia A. 
Gilbert, $1; T. L. Kimmel, $2; Elizabeth 
Albright, $5; Mary and Mrs. Fred Zapf, 
$1; Louisa Messer, $2.50; Conrad Mes- 
ser, $2.50; Hannah C. Messer, $1; I. W. 
Brubaker (marriage notice), 50 cents, ... 
Middle District, Congregation. 


Dallas Center Sisters' Bible Class, .. 

Jos. Newcomer, $45; Frank Rhodes, 
Dallas Center, $10; D. W. and Jennie 
B. Miller, $5; A. E. West, $5; Vinton 
Artz, 50 cents; Elizabeth Fahrney, $2.50; 
Edwin L. West, $1; Dan Fry, $3; Martin 

Suck, $1, 

Southern District, Congregation. 



Elizabeth Gable, $10; W. G. Caskey, 

$1.20; Nora Bolton, $1 

Illinois— $167.52. 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Polo, $12.29; Pine Creek, $9.25, 

Christian Workers. 


Mt. Morris Missionary Fund 


Junior, Lanark, 


Esther Miller, Chicago, $1; Jas. Wirt, 
Virden, $5; Hannah M. Wirt, Virden, 
$5; Mary C. Fisher, $5; D. C. McGonigh, 
$2.50; Wm. E. West, $5; Sarah E. Far- 
ringer, 20 cents ; Reuben J. Farringer, 
20 cents; John C. Lampin, $5; Levi S. 
Shively, $5; Belle Whitmer. $1: A. H. 
Stauff er, 50 cents ; M. M. Cluts, $1 ; Dan'l 
Barrick, 50 cents ; J. W. Manning. $5 ; 
P. H. Graybill, $1.20; A. L. Moats, $1.20; 
J. M. Lutz, $1: John Schoen, $10; Collin 
Puterbaugh, $5; Individual, Elgin, $1, 
Southern District, Congregations. 

Astoria, $9.10 ; Decatur, $8.25, 


John J. Swartz, $10: Mrs. John J. 
Swartz, $10: Alta C. Eikenberry, $2.50; 
Isaac Eikenberry, $2.50; Benj. Bowman, 


California— $121.50. 

Northern District. Congregations. 

Codora, $20.67; Chico, $3.45, 


Patterson. $5; Chico, $1.70, 

Christian Workers. 

Live Oak, 


The Missionary Visitor 



Annetta Johnson, $2.50; Thomas N. 
Beckner, $2.60; Sarah J. Beckner, $1 ; 
D. L. Forney (marriage notice), 50 cents, $ 6 60 
Southern District, Congregation. 

Covina, 1 90 


Los Angeles, $32.61; Boyle Heights, 

$1.05, 33 66 

Christian "Workers. 

Los Angeles, $3.86; Inglewood, $6.09, 9 95 


Ira G. Cripe, $5; Mary M. Hepner. $5; 
Magdalena Myers, $5; David Blicken- 
staff, $5; Josephine K«nee, Lordsburg, 
$5: Clvda A. Stone. Hemet. $2; Mrs. 
Elizabeth B. Minnich, $3; Addie L. Roh- 
rer. Covina, $3; Martha J. Gray, $3; 

S. Bock, $1 37 00 

Missouri— $119.10. 
Northern District. 

Sunday-school, Walnut Grove, 10 SO 


Geo. W. Hoover and wife, $50 ; Emma 
F. YanTrump, $5; Mrs. Susan Eckard, 

$1.30 56 30 

Middle District. Individuals. 

David Holsopple. $25; Cal Beshore, 
$3.50: Wm. H. Wagner. $2.50; Nannie 

C. Wagner. $2.50, * 33 50 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Joplin, 5 00 


Dry Fork, 3 50 


Ira P. Eby. $5: Mary J. Mays, $5 10 00 

North Dakota — $81.45. 

Carrington Congregation and Aid So- 
ciety 10 45 


M. P. Lichty. $60; D. F. Landis (mar- 
riage notice). 50 cents: Henry Kile. |5; 
Elizabeth Kile. $3: David F. Landis, 
$1.50; Ella Z. Rou, James River, $1, ... 71 00 

Maryland— $57.26. 

Western District, Sunday-school. 

Accident. Bear Creek 4 00 

Middle District. Individuals. 

Marv L. Stauffer, $2.50: Barbara E. 
Stauffer, $2.50; The Lord's Tenth, $1, 6 00 

Eastern District, Congregation. 

Beaver Dam, 5 20 


Annie R. Stoner. $35; John D. Roop, 
$3; David M. Toung, $1; Emma Patrick, 
SI; Catharine Bonsack, Meadow Branch, 

$1 ; T. H. Rittenhouse, $1, 42 00 

North Carolina — $57.00. 

Mill Crepk 

Estate Wm. D. Weesner, 

Oklahoma — $44.09. 

Washita. $29.64; Thomas, $10.25, 


Mrs. E. L. Lawver. $2; Wm. P. Bos- 

serman. $1.20; Ella Garst, $1, 

Washington— $40.11. 

Mt. Hope 

Sunday-school. t 


Christian Workers. 



Melissa C. Longhenrv. $10; M. A. Ver- 
beck, $5; Chas. Boyd, $1; Four individ- 
uals. Centralia, $15; Individuals at 

Loomis, $2.05, 33 05 

Canada — $27.00. 

Western District. Individuals. 

FstPiin D. Brower, $5: A sister and 

family, $22, 27 00 

West Virginia— $24.12. 

First District, Congregations. 

7 00 
50 00 

39 8° 

4 20 

2 26 

4 00 


White Pine. $8.53; Chide View. (Ger- 
man Settlement, $S, $ 16 53 


S. W. See, 75 cents; A. W. Ebert, $1, 1 75 

Second District, Individuals. 

M. C. Czigan, $2: J. F. Ross, $1.97; 

E. Lodge Ross, $1.87, 5 84 

Idaho — $12.85. 

Winchester, 5 63 


M. M. Custer. $3; Ella Ilostetler. $2; 

S. Clapper, $1; R. A. Orr, $1.20 7 20 

Michigan — $8.99. 
Christian Workers. 

Thornapple, 2 79 


J. F. Sherrick. $5; J. C. Harrison, 

$1.20 fi 20 

Nebraska — $8.00. 

Kearney 1 00 


J. W. Gish. $5: Wm. and Ruth MrGaf- 
fev. $1.50; Edgar Rothrock (marriage 

notice). 50 cents 7 00 

Colorado — $6.12. 

Southeastern District, Congregation. 

Wilev 4 62 


David Hamm (marriage notice). 50 
c^nts: Tohn Bjorklund (marriage no- 
tice) . 50 cents 1 00 

Northeastern Dist.. Individual. 

S. G. Nickey (marriage notice) 50 

Tennessee — $3.00. 

J. F. Swiney. $2: Maggie Satterfield, 

81 3 00 

South Carolina — $2.80. 


Brooklyn 2 80 

Texas— $2.50. 

Mary Hanna. $1.50: Mrs. H. H. Kindig, 

$ 1 2 50 

New 3Iexico — $2.00. 

Sam'l and Mary Weimer 2 00 

Oresron — $2.00. 

Mrs. P. A. Rickett, 2 00 

Louisiana — $1.20. 

W. B. Woodard 1 20 

Montana — $0.50. 

Wm. H. Eiler (marriage notice) 50 

^otal for the month, $2.919 48 

Previously received, 39.022 92 

For the year so far $41,942 40 


Pennsylvania — $22.20. 

Western District. Sunday-school. 

Maple Spring. Quemahbning $ 8 50 

Middle District, Congregation. 

James Creek. 3 70 

Eastern District. Individual. 

A Sister. Mountville, 10 00 

Indiana — $11.60. 

Northern District, Christian Workers. 

Baugh 6 60 


A Sister 5 00 

Ohio— $9.29. 
Northwestern District. 

Class No. 1, Hickory Grove. Silver 

Creek, 4 04 

Northeastern Dist., Individuals. 

Mrs. Allen Toms and Daughter, 5 00 

Southern District. 

Uncle John's Waste Basket, 2.1 


The Missionary Visitor 


North Carolina — $6.00. 

Mrs. Wm. Frisbee, $ 6 00 

Kansas — $5.00. 

Northwestern Dist., Individual. 

Sister Eli Younce, Quinter, 5 00 

Illinois— $2.80. 

Southern District, Christian Workers. 

Allison Prairie, 70 


J. L. Shively, $1.25; Mary E. Weller, 

85 cents, 2 10 

Iowa— $2.50. 

Middle District, Individual. 

Susan M. Rhodes, 2 50 

California — $2.50. 

Southern District, Individual. 

Nancy D. Underhill, 2 50 

Total for the month, $ 6189 

Previously received, 1,158 05 

For the year so far, $ 1,219 94 


Kansas — $48.25. 

Northwestern Dist., Christian Workers. 

Quinter, $ 5 75 

Northeastern District, Aid Society. 

Appanoose, 20 00 

Southwestern District, Individuals. 

J. D. Yoder, $20; A Sister, McPher- 

son, $2.50, 22 50 

Ohio— $45.66. 

Northeastern District, Sunday-school. 

Freeburg, 20 CO 

Southern District, Congregation. 

New Carlisle, '. . 5 41 


Pittsburg, 20 00 

Uncle John's Waste Basket, 25 

Pennsylvania — $45.00. 

Western District, Aid Society. 

Meyersdale, 20 00 

Southeastern District, Sunday-school. 

Green Tree 25 00 

Nebraska — $40.00. 

Beatrice 20 00 


Kathryn Bnrkholder, 20 00 

Indiana— $37.32. 

Middle District, Aid Society. 

Manchester, 10 00 


Young- Married People, Salamonie, 
$7.32; Younsr Men's Bible Class, Bur- 

nettsville, $20 27 32 

Virginia— $37.00. 
Northern District, Class. 

Always Faithfuls, Timberville, 5 00 

Second District. 

Berean Bible Class, Bridgewater, .. 32 00 

Illinois— $20.14. 
Northern District. 

Mt. Morris Missionary Fund, 14 


Lizzie Studebaker, 20 00 

Idaho — $20.00. 

Twin Falls, 20 00 

North Dakota — $20.00. 

Williston, 20 00 

Oregon — $18.00. 

Portland, 18 00 

Oklahoma— $10.00. 

Jennie Garber, 10 00 

M i n nesota — $10.00. 


Willing Workers, Worthington, 10 00 

Michigan— $8.00. 


Sunlield, S 00 

Iowa — $5.00. 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 
South Keokuk, $ 500 

Total for the month, $ 364 37 

Previously received, 2.089 58 

For the year so far, $ 2,453 95 


Pennsylvania — $91.23. 

Eastern District, Sunday-schools. 

Lower Paxton, $5; Struphaar's $10.95; 
Mohrsville, $32.75; Harrisburg, $10.13: 
Hanoverdale, $22.40, $ 8123 

Lansdale Class of Girls, Hatfield, 10 00 

Colorado — $50.00. 

Northeastern District, Sunday-school. 

Sterling, 50 00 

Indiana — $39.43. 

Northern District, Sunday-school. 

Cedar Creek, 14 43 

Middle District, Class. 

Anti-Cants, Salamonie 25 00 

Virginia — $25.00. 
Northern District, Class. 

Earnest Workers, Mill Creek, 25 ■ 

Iowa— $25.00. 

Middle District, Individuals. 

Mr. and Mrs. L. A. Walker, 25 00 

Ohio— $23.36. 

Northwestern District, Christian Workers. 

Silver Creek, 23 I 

Total for the month, $ 254 02 

Previously received, 678 OS 

For the year so far, $ 932 10 


Maryland— $35.00. 

Eastern Dist., Missionary Society. 

Washington City, D. C, $ 35 00 

Indiana — $10.00. 

Northern District, Christian Workers. 

Shipshewana 10 00 

Pennsylvania, — $2.00. 
Southern District. 

Receipt No. 29,263, $1; Receipt No. 
29,264, $1, , 2 00 

Total for the month, .,...$ 47 00 

Previously received, 521 ■ 

For the year so far $ . 568 $1 


Virginia — $145.36. 

First District Congregations. 

Roanoke City. $48.57 ; Cooper ttju. $5, $ 53.57 
Southern District, Congregations. 

Antioch, $17.62: Smith River. $12.25; 
Red Oak Grove. $12.11; Bethlehem, $11.- 
50; Beaver Creek. $8.52; Germantown. 
$9; Topeco. $8.50; Pleasant Valley. $7.45; 
White Rock, $2.34 ; Burke Fork, $2.50, . . 91 79 

"Total for the month, $ 145 36 

Previously received, 163 W 

For the year so far, $ 31190 


Colorado— $7.00. 

Northeastern Dist., Sundav-school. 

Antioch $ TOO 

Illinois — $5.25. 
Northern District. 

Mt. Morris Missionary Fund 5 25 

Kansas— $5.00. 

Southwestern District, Individual. 

J. D. Yoder 5 Ofl 

Total for the month $ 17 25 

Previously received, 72 75 

For the year so far, $ 90 00 


The Missionary Visitor 



Pennsylvania — $11.00. 

Western District, Individual. 

B. B. Ludwick, $ 5 00 

Middle District. 

Huntingdon Sisters' Mission Band, .. •> 00 

Southern District, Aid Society. 

Carlisle 1 00 

Virginia— $5.00. 

Northern District, Aid Society. 

Linville Creek, . , 5 00 

^Total for the month, $ 16 00 

Previously received, 15 00 

For the year so far, $ 31 00 

Kansas— $5.00. 

Northwestern District, Individual. 

Sister Eli Younce, $ 5.00 

North Carolina — $6.00. 

Mrs. Wm. Frisbee, 6 00 

Pennsylvania — $6.00. 
Eastern District, Individual. 

A Sister. Mountville, 5 00 

Southern District. 

Receipt No. 29,263, 1 00 

Illinois— $4.50. 
Northern District. 

Mt. Morris Missionary Fund 2 75 

Southern District, Individuals. 

J. L. Shively, $1.40; Mary E. Weller, 

35 cents, 1 "•» 

Montana — $4.50. 

Medicine Lake, 4 50 

Michigan— $3.94. 

Shepherd Primary, 3 04 

California— S2.50. 

Southern District. Individual. 

Nancy D. Underbill 2 50 

Iowa — $2.50. 

Middle District. Individual. 

Susan M. Rhodes, 2 50 

Ohio— SO. 30. 
Southern District. 

Uncle John's Waste Basket 30 

Total for the month $ 35 24 

Previously received 46^ 70 

For the year so far $ 501 1 


California — $38.98. 

Southern District. Sundnv-sohools. 

Los Angeles. $37.08; Boyle Heights, $1, $ 38 OR 

Total for the month, $ 38 98 

Previously received, 70 01 

For the year so far, $ 117 OS 

Indiana— $50.00. 
Northern District, Aid Society. 

West Goshen $ 22 00 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 

Rossville 00 


Mrs. Esther Mote, 22 00 

Ohio— $38.25. 

Northwestern District. Congregation. 

Lima 11 00 

Northea stern District, Sunday-school. 

Springfield 22 00 

Uncle John's Waste Basket, 2;> 

l m i--;,i u .ni 

Edith Riley, 5 00 

Kansas — $25.00. 

NoT , tbwe < - ,< -°rn District, Individual. 

Sister Eli Younce 5 00 

Southwestern District, Individual. 

J. 1). Yoder ' 20 00 

North Dakota— $22.00. 


Willing Workers, Surrey, ... •*,,„,*„% 22 00 
Missouri — $22.00. 
Middle District, Christian Workers'. 

Mound, 22 00 

Pennsylvania — $21.00. 

Middle District, Christian Workers. 

Tyrone, 11 00 

Eastern District, Christian Workers. 

Ephrata, 10 00 

California — $20.00. 
Southern District, Class. 

Willing Workers, Santa Ana, 20 00 

Oregon — $5.00. 

Evergreen, Myrtle Point, 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 203 25 

Previously received, 678 54 

For the year so far, $ 881 70 

Indiana— $10.75. 

Southern District, Class. 

"I'll try," Rossville, $ 10 75 

Kansas— $8.00. 

Southwestern District, Class. 

Loyal Sons, Conway, 8 00 

Ohio — $3.90. 

Northwestern District, Individuals. 

Mr. and Mrs. Isaac dinger 2 50 

Southern District. Individuals. 

Mr. and Mrs. T. M. Flanigan to W. B., 1 40 

Colorado— $3.50. 
Southeastern District, Class. 

Carrier Dove, Wiley, 3 50 

Total for the month, $ 26 15 

Previously received, 103 35 

For the year so far, $ 210 50 


Indiana — $22.00. 

Northern District, Sunday-school. 

Nappanee $ 22 00 

Ohio — $8.90. 

Northeastern District, Individuals. 

Mr. and Mrs. Isaac Olinger, 2 50 

Southern District, Aid Society. 

Harris Creek r> 00 

Uncle John's Waste Basket, West Day- 
ton. 75 cents: Uncle John's Waste Bas- 
ket. 12 contributors, 65 cents, 1 40 

Pennsylvania — $6.00. 
Western District, Individual. 

B. B. Ludwick 5 00 

Southern District, Aid Societv. 

Carlisle 1 00 

Illinois— $1.10. 
Northern District. 

Mt. Morris Missionary Fund, 1 10 

Washington — $1.00. 

Pearl Hixson 1 00 

Miscellaneous — $114.50. 

General Organization of Sisters' Aid 
Societies, 114 50 

Total for the month $ 153 50 

Previously received, 07 86 

For the year so far $ 251 36 


California — $31.00. 

Northern District. Individual. 

Frank Moomaw, $ 31 00 

Iowa — $14.00. 

Northern District, Aid Society. 

Waterloo 11 00 

Kansas— $5.00. 

Southwestern District. Individual. 

J. D. Yoder 5 00 


The Missionary Visitor 


Ohio — $5.25. 

Southern District. 

Uncle John's Waste Basket $ 25 


Edith Riley, 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 55 25 

Previously received, 771 17 

For the year so far, 826 42 


Pennsylvania — $5.00. 

Eastern District, Individuals. 

A brother and sister, Lancaster, 5 00 

California — $1.50. 

Northern District, Individual. 

A. Crites, 1 50 

Total for the month, $ 6 50 

Previously received, 35 00 

For the year so far, $ 41 50 


Ohio— $6.12. 

Southern District, Sunday-school. . 

Pittsburg $ 6 12 

Pennsylvania — $0.50. 

Southern District, Christian Workers. 

Free Spring, Lost Creek, 50 

Total for the month, $ 6 62 

Previously received, 32 50 

For the year so far, $ 39 12 

Indiana — $12.25. 

Middle District, Sunday-school. 

Salamonie Primary, $ 7 25 


Elsie Humbarger, 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 12 25 

Previously received, 13 67 

For the year so far, $ 25 92 


Missouri— $75.70. 

Northern District, Sunday-school. 

Wakenda, $ 25 70 


Geo. W. Hoover and wife, 50 00 

Indiana — $51.00. 

Northern District, Aid Society. 

New Salem " 25 00 

Southern District, Individuals. 

John Snider. Sr., $25; Tena Smith, $1, 26 00 
Illinois— $25.00. 
Northern District, Individual. 

Sarah A. Myers, 25 00 

Pennsylvania — $24.04. 

Eastern District, Sunday-school. 

Ridgely $ 14 54 


A Brother and Sister, Lancaster, 5 00 

Southern District. 

Individuals of Upper Conewago, $3.50; 

A friend, $1 4 50 

Virginia — $20.00. 
Northern District. 

Willing Workers' Class, Mill Creek,.. 5 00 

Serond District. Aid Society. 

Middle River, Pleasant Valley, 15 00 

South Dakota — $15.00. 
Aid Society. 

Willow Creek, 10 00 


Willow Creek 5 00 

Ohio— $13.50. 

Northeastern District, Individuals. 

Elizabeth Ihrig, $5; Jennie Helm, $1; 
A brother and sister, $3.50; A Sister, 

$1, 10 50 

Southern District, Individual. 

J. E. Etter, 3 00 

Nebraska — $10.00. 


Bethel, $ 10 00 

Iowa — $7.10. 

Middle District, Sunday-school. 

Cedar Rapids, 2 10 


Jos. Newcomer, 5 00 

California— $4.25. 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Covina, 1 00 


Addie L. Rohrer 3 25 

Delaware — $4.00. 

Eastern Maryland District, Sunday-school. 

Owen Station, 4 00 

Maryland — $1.70. 

Middle District, Individual. 

Amanda Ausherman, 1 70 

Total for the month, $ 25129 

Previously received, 3,093 99 

For the year so far, $ 3,345 28 


(Continued from Page 119.) 

ly and indirectly influence others in the 
same direction. 

Another phase of our mission as vol- 
unteers is that of soul-winning-. The 
missionary is a soul-winner. And if we 
intend to become soul-winners in the 
future we must now engage in the work 
as opportunity affords. In some places 
the opportunity comes knocking at our 
doors ; in others it must be sought. But 
whether it must be sought or no, since 
there are lost souls everywhere to be 
saved we should engage in the work. 
We have no excuse for not winning 
souls, for such is a part of our prepara- 
tion. Every soul is precious in the sight 
of our Father, and He would have us 
aid in saving as many as we can. Our 
zeal to do so is indicative of the sin- 
cerity of our purpose. 

Some who are now on the mission 
field have expressed themselves as being 
sorry that they did not apply themselves 
more diligently while in school. So I 
appeal to us as volunteers that we may 
economize our time and so diligently 
apply ourselves in our preparation that 
when we take our places on the fields we 
shall have no occasion to look back up- 
on wasted time and energy and on un- 
improved opportunities, but shall be ably 
Qualified to render efficient service for 

Ml. Morris College. 

General Mission Board 

of the Church of the Brethren 


D. L. MILLER, Mt. Morris, 111., Life Advisory Member. 

H. C. EARLY, Penn Laird, Va. 

CHAS. D. BONSACK, New Windsor, Md. 

J. J. YODER, McPherson, Kans. 

GALEN B. ROYER, Elgin, 111. 

OTHO WINGER, North Manchester, Ind. 


H. C. EARLY, Chairman. 

CHAS. D. BONSACK, Vice-Chairman. GALEN B. ROYER, Secretary-Treasurer. 

J. H. B. WILLIAMS, Ass't Secretary and Editor the Missionary Visitor. 



Wine, A. F., Aagade 26, 2 Sal, Aalborg, Denmark 

Wine, Attie C, Aagade 26, 2 Sal, Aalborg, Denmark 


Buckingham, Ida, Friisgatan No. 2, Malmo, Sweden 

Graybill, J. F., Friisgatan No. 2, Malmo, Sweden 

Gray bill, Alice M., Friisgatan No. 2, Malmo, Sweden 


Blough, Anna V., Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Bright J. Homer, Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Bright, Minnie, Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Brubaker, Dr. O. G., Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Brubaker, Cora M., Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Crumpacker, F. H., Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Crumpacker, Anna N., Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Cripe, Winnie, Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Flory, Raymond C, Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Flory, Lizzie X., Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Horning, Emma, Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Hutchison, Anna Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Metzger, Minerva, Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Rider, Bessie M Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Senger, Nettie M., Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Vaniman, Ernest D., Ping Ting Hsien, Sb ansi, China 

Vaniman, Susie C, Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Wampler, Dr. Fred J., Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Wampler, Rebecca S., Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 


Arnold, S. Ira, Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Arnold, Elizabeth, , Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Blough, J. M., Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Blough, Anna Z., Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Cottrell, Dr. A. Raymond Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Cottrell, Dr. Laura M Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Ebey, Adam, Karadoho, via Dahanu, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Ebey, Alice K., Karadoho, via Dahanu, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Emmert, Jesse B., Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India 

Emmert, Gertrude R., Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India 

Eby, E. H. (on furlough) 91st and 10th Ave., N. E., R. D. Box 349, Seattle, Wash. 

Eby, Mrs. Emma H. (on furlough), 91st and 10th Ave., N. E., R. D. Box 349, Seattle, Wash. 

Eby, Anna M., Dahanu, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Himmelsbaugh, Ida (on furlough), 200 6th Ave., Altoona, Pa. 

Holsopple, Q. A., Umalla Village, B. B. C. I. R. R., via Anklesvar, India 

Holsopple, Kathren R., Umalla Village, B. B. C. I. R. R., via Anklesvar, India 

Kaylor, John I., Vada, Thana Dist., India 

Kaylor, Rosa Vada, Thana Dist., India 

Lichty, Daniel J., Umalla Village, B. B. C. I. R. R., via Anklesvar, India 

Lichty, Nora A., Umalla Village, B. B. C. I. R. R., via Anklesvar, India 

Long, I. S., Vyara, Surat Dist., India 

Long, EfHe V Vyara, Surat Dist., India 

Miller, Eliza B. (on furlough) , R. F. D. 2, Waterloo, Iowa 

Miller, Sadie J.. Vyara, Surat Dist., India 

Nickey, Dr. Barbara M Vyara, Surat Dist., India 

Pittenger, J. M Ahwa, Dangs Forest, via Bilimora, India 

Pittenger, Florence B Ahwa, Dangs Forest, via Bilimora, India 

Powell, Josephine, Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Royer, B. Mary, Dahanu, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Ross, A. W., Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Ross, Mrs. A. W., Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Stover, W. B Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Stover, Mrs. W. B Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Shumaker, Ida C Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Widdowson. Olive, Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Ziegler, Kathryn (on furlough) , Royersf ord, Pa. 

Postage on letters to our missionaries is 5c for each ounce or fraction thereof and 3c for 
each additional ounce or fraction. 



< Cd 

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<£ o 

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Are You Realizing a Fair 
Income on Your Money? 

Is your farm paying you a profit, in any- 
wise commensurate with the amount of 
money you have invested in it ? 

your desire to invest in institutions or properties that may wonderfully 
enhance in value, or have you arrived at that period of life or that con- 
dition of independence where you wish your money to earn you a fair 
rate of interest, with a sure and steady income? 

If You Desire a Certain Rate of Income, — An Income as Large as You 

Can Reasonably Expect Your Money to Earn You, — Why Not 

Investigate More Fully the Details of Our Annuity Plan? 

Our Annuity Plan has stood the test of YEARS. 
Our Annuitants all vote in its favor. 

Worth Your Consideration 

The wisest provision for 
old age is the investment of 
funds, when still in good 
health, in an institution that 
has stood the test of years, 
which has a clean record, a 
substantial standing, stabili- 
ty of assets, a specified in- 
come commensurate with the 
fair earning power of money; 
and which promises, with the 
above requirements, the min- 
imum of worry, trouble and 

The following amounts have been 
paid by us in annuities since the 
plan was inaugurated in 1896 

1897 $ 1,501.76 

1898 4,081.49 

1899 4,889.61 

1900 5,536.77 

1901 7,111.92 

1902 8,097.74 

1903 10,204.24 

1904 11,560.26 

1905 12,871.08 

1906 13,248.00 

1907 15,073.63' 

1908 15,813.66 

1909 15,802.93 

1910 17,513.69 

1911 19,255.82 

1912 21,320.15 

1913 23,621.71 

1914 26,717.86 

1915 . 31,360.72 

' Total $265,583.04 

Some Advantages of Our Annuity Plan 

Your investment is secure. 
There is no trouble in collections. 
No loss of time in the investment. 
No depreciation of investment. 
Income is sure. No taxes. 

You are your own executor. 
No speculation in investment. 
Your money is invested in first 

mortgages on farm real estate. 
Provision is made for old age. 

Your investment assists in carrying the Gospel to the whole world. 

The plan through which you invest with ns is easy. A postcard in- 
quiry will reveal it all to you. 

Are you interested? Why not write us? 

General Mission Board .*. Elgin, Illinois 














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The Missionary Visitor 




The subscription price is included in EACH donation of a dollar or more to the 
General Board, either direct or thru any congregational collection, provided the 
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gift. Different members of the same family may each give a dollar or more, and 
extra subscriptions, thus secured, may upon request be sent to persons who they 
know will be interested in reading the Visitor. 

Ministers. In consideration of their services to the church, influence in assist- 
ing the Committee to raise missionary money, and upon their request annually, 
the Visitor will be sent to ministers of the Church of the Brethren. 

Foreign postage, 15 cents additional to all foreign countries including Canada. 
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order paper each year if possible under same name as in the previous year. 

Address all communications regarding subscriptions and make remittance's 
payable to 

Brethren Publishing 1 House, Elgin, Illinois. 

Entered as second class matter at the postoffice at Elgin, Illinois. 

Contents for April, 1916 



How Can It Be? By A. F. Wine, 132 

Exciting Days in Southern Sweden, By J. F. Graybill, 133 

Helping the Poor, By Ida Buckingham, 134 

Mission Work in the South, By F. M. White, 135 

The Sea, the Sand and the Saint, By Dr. Lelias Blackett, 137 

The " Haystack Prayer Meeting," By Olive A. Smith, 139 

India Notes, By Q. A. Holsopple, 139 

Suggested Psalms for Memory Work, By S. N. McCann, 141 

China Notes for January, By Winnie E. Cripe, 142 

The Cradle Land, By William Ingraham Haven, 146 

The Weekly Prayer Hour, By C. A. Wright, 153 


The Volunteer Mission Board of Berean Bible School, 151 

A Queer Fire, By W. Harlan Smith, 151 


Stories of Resurrection, 154 



The Missionary Visitor 

Volume XVIII 

APRIL, 1916 

Number 4 


New York is said to be the largest 
Italian city in the world and to have half 
as many Hungarians as Budapest. 

" The man who does not believe in 
missions had better burn his New Testa- 
ment, for it is a record of missions." 

It is possible now for one to travel 
from Seattle, Wash., to Savannah, Ga., 
in dry territory, with the exception of 
the small area of Utah or Wyoming 
that must be traversed in going from 
Idaho to Colorado. 

It is estimated that of our 14,000,000 
world population of Jews, 10,000,000 
are directly affected by the war. Mil- 
lions are destitute and homeless and 
starving. Not far from 350,000 are 
serving in the czar's army alone. 

The following letter, translated from 
French, which appeared in a Swiss pa- 
per, is found in the March issue of Mis- 
sionary Review of the World: " A num- 
ber of young Armenian girls were 
brought to Constantinople in order that 
they might be reduced to slavery by the 
wealthy Turks. For this purpose they 
were put up for sale. Orphan children 
of from 8 to 12 years were sold for 
two medjidiehs (about $1.60) while old- 
er girls fetched a higher price. The 
sale of slaves at Constantinople, how- 
ever, was not carried on on the same 
scale as at Adana, for instance. There I 
learned that thousands of orphan girls 
were sold for a piece of bread each." 

Perhaps one of the most remarkable 
conquests of missions has been the 
Christianizing of the South Sea Islands 
of the Pacific. These churches of 
Polynesia are self-supporting in the 
main; that is, they build their Own 
churches, maintain their own schools, 
and support their own teachers. In ad- 
dition to this they contribute something 
like $75,000 per year for foreign effort. 
All this from people whose grandfath- 
ers were for the most part cannibals. 

According to a statistical report, got- 
en out by the Home Base Committee of 
the Foreign Missions Conference, the 
Church of the Brethren last year ranked 
seventeenth in the amount of contribu- 
tions in the list of 149 missionary so- 
cieties. We also ranked twenty-sixth 
in the number of foreign missionaries. 
The United States now has 9,677 mis- 
sionaries in the foreign field. 

There are at this time probably 
4,000,000 men shut up in prison camps, 
with no comforts of life, little to do, 
almost nothing to read, and much to 
think about. The International Y. M. 
C. A. has been able to secure the consent 
of the various warring governments to 
establish Christian work in many of the 
prison camps. 

" So Mr. Jones gave five thousand 
dollars for home missions at his death, 
did he ? " was asked a minister the 
other day. " No," was his reply, " I 
did not say that he gave it, but he left 


The Missionary Visitor 


it. Perhaps, to be more explicit, I 
should have said he relinquished it be- 
cause he could no longer hold it." And 
must the missionary cause in our own 
land go on languishing till God relin- 
quishes by death the wherewithal to car- 
ry on that cause? — Record of Christian 
Work. ^ ^ 

Tokio, Japan, is now one of the larg- 
est student centers in the world. , There 
are said to be 28,000 students of the 
college grade receiving instruction in 
the city. ^ v 

A son of one of the chiefs of Burd- 
wan was converted by a tract. He went 
250 miles ; a missionary's wife taught 
him to read. When he could read the 
tract through he took a basketful of 
tracts and with much difficulty preached 
the Gospel at his own home. He was a 
man of influence; the people flocked 
to hear him, and in one year 1,500 na- 
tives were baptized in Arracan as mem- 
bers of the church. All this through 
one little tract. — India Watchman. 

It has been estimated that 250,000,000 
or more of the people of India have the 
Bible or some portions of it translated 
into their own language. 

During the first six months of the war 
in Europe twice as many men volun- 
teered in England for foreign mission 
service as had done so during the cor- 
responding period of the previous year. 

It is stated that there are 25,000 
Catholic priests righting in the French 
army. ^ ^ 

There are 15,000,000 foreigners in 
this land who are not in Sunday-school. 
There are 23,000,000 of the " teen " age 
without adequate religious instruction. 

Engineering schemes are in progress 
to unite the cities of Wuchang and 
Han Yang with Hankow. Should this 

be completed it will make Hankow the 
most important city of the republic, 
from a commercial point of view. The 
sum set apart for this undertaking is 
£10,000,000 sterling, and is provided 
by a financial firm in London. At the 
present time these places have a total 
population of about 2,000,000. 

In the wars of Napoleon, 1800-1815, 
the state of Europe in many respects 
was at its lowest. Yet this time was 
marked by revival in religion, and has 
proved to be one of the great periods 
of missionary enterprise.' The Baptist 
Missionary Society was founded in 
1792, the London Missionary Society 
in 1795, the Church Missionary Society 
in 1799, the Religious Tract Society in 
1800, and the British and Foreign So- 
ciety in 1804. This great war has in- 
creased both our opportunity and re- 
sponsibility, and the future will see a 
great revival in religious affairs 
throughout the world. 

Letters from Palestine report great 
destitution in Jerusalem and other parts 
of the land. There have been no im- 
ports since last August. The internal re- 
sources have been taxed to supply the 
army. Food is both scarce and exceed- 
ingly dear. ' The tourist trade, which 
gave employment to many, and brought 
much money to the country, is cut off, 
and with it the manufacture of fancy 
articles, souvenirs and trinkets which 
was the chief industry. Agriculture is 
hampered by the absence of the able- 
bodied men in the army. Banking has 
been suspended for many months. Three 
women missionaries of the Christian and 
Missionary Alliance are carrying on the 
school and other work of that society in 
Jerusalem, and the Syrian staff are said 
to be doing their part nobly. Mission- 
aries both at home and still on the field 
believe that the end of the war will 
bring unparalleled opportunities in Pal- 
estine. — Alliance Weekly. 


The Missionary Visitor 


The Moravian Himalayan Mission re- 
ports the completion of the translation 
of the Bible into the Thibetan language. 
The new Testament has long been in 
use, but missionaries are never satisfied 
until they have all the written Word 
ready to put into the hands of the peo- 
ple. The complete Bible has also been 
translated and is being printed in the 
Nepali language. Nepal is an independ- 
ent kingdom in the Himalayas, that be- 
longs to the Indian Empire. It has a 
population of about 5,000,000, but no 
Christian mission has been allowed to 
settle within its border. About a hun- 
dred years ago the Serampore Mission 
translated and printed portions of the 
New Testament. In 1902 the complete 
New Testament was printed, and now 
the whole Bible will be sent out to speak 
its own message in the land that is 
closed to the heralds of the cross. 

President Van Hise, of the University 
of Wisconsin, estimates that the com- 
bined war debts of three of the nations 
of Europe engaged in the great conflict, 
would reach the enormous total of twen- 
ty-eight billion dollars. These nations 
can never hope to pay this immense 
debt; indeed, it will stagger the over- 
burdened people to pay the interest 
alone. As one exchange puts it, " Veri- 
ly, not only the sins, but the debts of the 
fathers as well shall be visited upon the 
children unto the third and fourth gen- 
erations." Yet we have those who go 
about proclaiming that we must go and 
do likewise ! 


A certain church of another denomi- 
nation has for the last three years fol- 
lowed the Every-Member Canvass for 
missions, for three years. In that time 
it has been able to double' its benevo- 
lences. The following letter, preparing 
the way for such canvass, contained the 
scriptural basis for such work in the 
following language: 

" It follows exactly Paul's plan, as 
stated in 1 Corinthians 16: 2. 

"It is PERIODIC: 'Upon the first 
day of every week.' 

" Habitual, worshipful, prayerful, 

"It is PERSONAL: ' Let each one 
of you — ' 

" Men, women, boys, girls. 

" It is PROVIDENT : ' Lay by him 
in store — ' 

" Foresfghted, deliberate, systematic, 

may prosper — ' 

" Generous, careful, responsible, 

"It is PREVENTIVE: 'That no 
collections be made when I come — ' 

" No deficit, interest on loans, worry, 
retrenchment. " 

In this connection, we wonder how 
many of our churches have adopted the 
Every-Member Canvass plan. If you 
have, why don't you speak through the 
Visitor and encourage others to do 
likewise? An invitation to the WISE 
is sufficient, surely, to help the unwise. 

The cover picture of this month's 
Visitor, representing children of the 
five great races of mankind about the 
Savior, has been prepared by the Mis- 
sionary Education Movement from a 
painting by Harold Copping, to accom- 
pany the program for an Easter Con- 
cert. This picture would well grace the 
home of anybody. It would be a splen- 
did picture of an organized Sunday- 
school classroom. It may be obtained 
by addressing the Visitor; a brown 
photo-engravure reproduction, 12x17 
inches, on heavy paper suitable for 
framing, 20 cents each, postpaid. Or a 
lithograph-reproduction, 20x27 inches, 
in colors on heavy paper for 40 cents, 


The Missionary Visitor 



A. F. Wine. 

COME, let us reason together and 
have a good heart-to-heart talk 
with each other in the presence 
of our blessed Redeemer. God intends 
that we shall be ONE, that the same 
Spirit rule in the hearts of all His chil- 
dren, and thus united we will have such 
power that the prince of this world will 
not be able to resist our onward march. 

Now, allow your mind to go back to 
the time of your conversion; remember 
the change that took place in your heart 
when you said, " ' I know that my Re- 
deemer liveth/ and wants me for His 
very own " ; and then, " Here, Lord, 
take me, for I am willing to be Thine." 
How you were filled with joy after your 
baptismal experience ! How you wished 
that all your friends — yes, the whole 
world — could come to realize their con- 
dition as you have, and make the change 
so as to possess this unspeakable joy in 
the heart ! How all things became new ! 
And how love flowed from your heart to 
all mankind, the sweet fellowship of 
Christian association, as well as with the 
Father, Son and Holy Spirit. Those 
were glorious experiences, but only a be- 
ginning of that which the Lord has in 
store for His faithful. 

Have you not many times since, while 
listening to an earnest minister of the 
Gospel, during a series of meetings, 
wondered how it could be possible for 
any one away from the Savior, Whom 
you now love so dearly, and Who has 
given you such joy, to resist the ear- 
nest appeals to come and partake of 
these blessings and yield all to Christ? 
Have you not said in your heart, " How 
can it be that men and women will be 
so hard-hearted, so blind to that which 
is so much the superior to that they 
possess ? " Certainly you have had all 
these experiences and many more. I 
have, many times. In fact, I never went 

through a series of meetings as a listener 
without wondering how it could be that 
sinners would not accept the Lord as 
their Savior and be happy, instead of 
having fightings and strivings within. 
You will admit that this is a strange 
condition, and that if they only knew or 
could realize the change that would take 
place in their hearts — yes, their whole 
being — it would be impossible for them 
to resist, time after time, these earnest 

Now let us go on. Our capacity for 
greater joy and blessings increases as 
we grow in the new life after conver- 
sion. Think not that now you are a 
child of God, His calls to you will cease. 
No, they will be only the greater, be- 
cause now you are His; all that you 
have and are belongs to Him; any sur- 
plus accumulated, that is not needed for 
your existence and that of your family, 
will be at His disposal. He has joys and 
blessings for you that you can not see 
or imagine, any more than when you 
stood aloof from Him. But there is 
this difference: now you know His 
power to bless, to give joy; you know 
His voice; your will is subject to His, 
and thus day by day you follow in the 
footsteps of your Master, whithersoever 
He goes; up to the mountain-top ex- 
periences, out on the grassy plains, 
down through the dark valleys, into the 
large cities, the lonely villages, across 
the waters of Galilee, the Jordan, the 
Dead Sea, up the lonely road to the holy 
city, into the blessed upper-room ex- 
periences, through Gethsemane's sor- 
rows; before Ananias, Caiaphas and 
Pilate, out through the gate that leads 
to Calvary, and there, on the cross, if 
need be, you will give your life for Him 
Who has saved you and filled your heart 
with joy, peace and love. Step by step 
will this joy, love and peace become 


The Missionary Visitor 


greater and stronger until your life's 
work is ended and you pass into the 
glorified state of the redeemed, where 
you can more perfectly honor Him Who 
died for you. 

But what if you have stopped by the 
way; have allowed the pleasures of self 
to command your attention? Thus you 
lose sight of the route your Savior has 
gone. You stand in bewilderment ! You 
hear the calls and appeals from the 
home and foreign mission fields, which 
are God's means of leading you on to 
greater joys and experiences; but you 
turn your back to continue in the en- 
joyments of a selfish life. In order to 
satisfy your conscience, occasionally 
you will cast a dime or even a quarter 
into the mission treasury. The calls 
come and go, but like the sinner before 
his conversion, you resist them/ and 
pursue the same old way. How can it 
be? This is the question that is ring- 
ing in the ears of every missionary now 
on the field — yes, of every truly conse- 
crated child of God. 

We know the added joys of a sur- 
rendered life which come in a greater 
measure than when we first gave our 
life to Him. We know the many souls 

that are being lost without hearing of 
this great love that God has revealed to 
you and me, because of your unwilling- 
ness to respond to these calls from the 
mission fields., Our hearts bleed to see 
them die without knowing the Redeem- 
er, Who is so precious to us. We can- 
not understand how those of our own 
beloved Brotherhood, who live in a land 
free from war, blessed with abundant 
crops, will let the calls from China and 
India pass unheeded when the need is 
so great. Go back, if you please, to the 
series of meeting experiences and see 
how you felt regarding the sinner, and 
then you will know how the missionary 
on the field today feels. How can it be? 
When you come before the throne of 
God, and there behold the blessings of 
those slain for the sake of the Lamb, 
you will ask, " How can it be? " Then, 
when the Father and Savior of all who 
are willing to follow Him whithersoever 
He goes, says, " Depart from Me," be- 
cause you were not faithful with that 
which was another's you will not be per- 
mitted to enjoy that which is your own. 
Only through full surrender will your 
life be truly bright before you. 
Aalborg, Denmark. 


J. F. Graybill. 

MILITARY operations in the Bal- 
tic have caused a little excite- 
ment in Sweden the past few 
weeks. A number of the English sub- 
marines have slipped through the sound 
and are giving the Germans a little 
trouble. A number of German mer- 
chant vessels plying between Sweden 
and Germany have been sunk, and even 
some battleships have shared the same 

Last week a German submarine fired 
at a Swedish submarine that was flying 
the Swedish flag and was in Swedish 
waters not far from Malmo. Two of 

the crew were wounded. One of these 
died today. The German embassador 
in Stockholm expressed his sincere re- 
gret to the Swedish nation, as well as to 
the widow. A subscription was at once 
started in Germany for the unfortunate 
family. The explanation given for this 
act is that the submarine was taken to 
be an English submarine under a Swed- 
ish mask. No explanation is given for 
firing at a boat in neutral waters. 

Both Russia and Germany have mined 
parts of the Baltic. For several days 
we have had a very strong east wind. 
This has driven a number of mines to 


The Missionary Visitor 


the southern and eastern coast of 
Sweden. Several merchant vessels have 
been destroyed within the past few days 
by running on these floating mines. 
Torpedo boats are on the search for 
them and when discovered they are dis- 
armed by exploding them. One mine 
floated ashore at Simrishamn, and lodged 
among some large stones. This chanced 
to be the Sunday we have preaching at 
this place. The writer filled this ap- 
pointment and happened to be at this 
place. Last evening he saw the men 
fasten a rope about five hundred feet 
long to the mine and draw it out on the 
sand. This morning it was exploded 
by an electric charge. 

Evidently it is one of the smaller type, 
being a little over two feet in diameter. 
It was of an egg shape and the shell 
was one-fourth of an inch thick and of 
soft-tempered steel. One could not de- 
termine the formation in the interior. 

The writer was able to get a piece of this 
exploded mine. This is the first of its 
kind we have ever seen and we prize 
it as a relic. 

Its nationality is not definitely known, 
but it is thought to be Russian. The 
incident caused no little excitement. 
The greater part of the town had gath- 
ered to see the men fish it out. It was 
a great curiosity for all, because it was 
the first one they had seen. A patrol 
was required to keep the people at a dis- 
tance of safety. 

Sweden has been constantly mobiliz- 
ing to retain its neutrality. The general 
opinion is that there is no danger of 
Sweden being drawn into the arena. 
The war has greatly affected the cost of 
living in this country. These are very- 
hard times for the poor, but there is 
great cause for being thankful if the 
country's neutrality can be retained. 

Malmb, Sweden. 


Ida Buckingham. 

THE Christmas season is looked 
forward to by all in Christian 
lands as the most enjoyable time 
of the year. To have the real Christ- 
mas spirit in our hearts and to ex- 
perience the fullest meaning of its bless- 
ing is through bringing that joy to oth- 

Again this Christmas time, through 
gifts from a number of our dear breth- 
ren and sisters in the homeland, as well 
as the help of our people here, it was 
possible for us to help relieve a little 
of the great need in Malmo, by provid- 
ing clothing for a number of poor chil- 
dren. Because of advanced prices we 
were not able to help as many as last 
year, although the need is greater. Or- 
dinarily a workman receives wages 
which scarcely reach for the family 
needs. Now, with the high cost of liv- 
ing and the scarcity of work, poverty 

and want are more common, and at no 
time are they little here. The truth of 
Jesus' words, " The poor ye have with 
you always," is before our eyes every 

A glimpse into a few homes can give 
us an idea of conditions here. It is un- 
usual for the poorer people to have more 
than one room and a kitchen to' live in, 
no difference how large the family may 
be. One home which we helped has 
thirteen children, twelve of whom are at 
home. The family lives in one room 
and a kitchen, and these are not large. 
The father had been without work for 
a number of weeks. The mother is 
employed in the beet fields in the sum- 
mer. The children grow up with but 
little care. In another home the father 
has left the mother and eight children to 
support themselves. On a cold, raw 
day she had a little fire in the kitchen 



The Missionary Visitor 


and was feeding it with a few wet sticks 
brought in by one of the children. She 
was working with her wraps on, and yet 
could not keep warm. Last summer 
she was in the hospital for three 
months, the sickness caused by insuf- 
ficient food and living in cold rooms. 
During this time the two older girls, of 
twelve and fourteen years, were at home 
and earned what they could by helping 
others. The other children were put out 
for this length of time. With some as- 
sistance from the city and by working 
until late in the night, this mother is 
able to earn enough to keep the family 

The calls for help are not a few. To 
discriminate between those who are 
worthy and those who are not, and to 
give to those who are most needy is a 
task that requires much wisdom. We 
would so gladly assist many more. It 
is not easy to send away those who are 
in real need. 

Thirty-two children received clothing 
from head to foot except shoes. At least 
a dozen more received some articles of 
clothing. This was no little undertaking, 
but the joy it brought was worth far 
more than all the hard labor. The 
evening of December 16 these children 
and their parents were invited to our 
mission hall. This was a happy time, 
not only for the children who received 
clothing, but for all who were present. 
To see their faces beaming from the joy 
which filled their little hearts, and to 
know that it would not end with that 
day, made all happy. About a hundred 
poor were fed that evening. 

We thank all those who through their 
gifts helped to make it possible to bring 
this joy to the needy and to lighten their 
burden. " Inasmuch as ye have done it 
unto one of the least of these My breth- 
ren, ye have done it unto Me." 

Malm'6, Sweden. 


F. M. White. 

UNDER this heading many friends 
will remember my writings in 
the past, and some may wonder 
if my home mission spirit is quenched. 
To such I would say it is not, but cir- 
cumstances have prevented my working 
or writing as I would have liked. The 
Lord willing I am aiming to fit myself 
for more and better service in the future. 
Is there a need of very strenuous ef- 
forts in the home field? Answer, Yes. 
We are living in Nottoway County, Va., 
in almost the extreme southeastern part 
of the State. Twenty-one of us located 
here in the last few years within a radius 
of about fifteen miles. We have four 
members about fifty miles south of 
here. I understand we are the only 
members in twenty-one counties in 
southeastern Virginia. There may be 
others scattered about of whom we 

know nothing. Some of these members 
have been living here six years and have 
had no preaching by the Brethren until 
lately. A number of children have gone 
with other denominations. Who is to 

The Brethren located in this State in 
the early years. There are thousands of 
people in every State in the Union, as 
well as this, that know nothing of the 
Brethren. I am as strongly in favor of 
" foreign mission " work as any one can 
be, but what about the " Go ye " in our 
own country? Are we not sadly neglect- 
ing our duty in this line? 

I have hoped and prayed for years 
that a fund wxmld be started for this 
work, but it seems the time has not 
come for it. We will be like the old 
miner, who prayed for thirty years for 
his mate to be converted. 


The Missionary Visitor 


We are trying, though greatly ham- 
pered, to do the best we can for Gos- 
pel Messenger subscriptions, and we 
are greatly in need of " Brethren Hym- 
nals " to aid in carrying on the work. 

We have organized a Christian Work- 
ers' Society, to meet each second Sun- 
day, at 10 A. M., with preaching in the 
afternoon at the churchhouse. This be- 
ing .a union chapel we can not use it as 

we would like, but think we soon will 
arrange to meet at the Brethren's homes 
each Sunday for our Christian Workers' 

We think that ere long arrangements 
will be made to have preaching some- 
where nearly every Sunday. As I am 
the only minister living in this section 
there surely is great room for more 

Crewe, Va., R. i, Box 127. 

The Church Missionary Gleaner. 

" The Heathen, in His Blindness, Bows Down to Wood and Stone." 

An ancient Hindu sacred poem thus speaks of cows: "Cows constitute the stairs that lead 
to heaven. Cows are adored in heaven itself. Cows are goddesses, are able to give everything 
and grant every wish. There is nothing else in the world that is higher or superior." 


The Missionary Visitor 



Dr. Lilias Blackett. 

ONCE upon a time there lived a 
Mohammedan who desired to be 
a very holy man. So it was re- 
vealed to him that he must choose as 
| his abode a spot where was no human 
being, nor any tree for shade, nor run- 
ning water. Now there was a time, 
aeons ago, when the soft waves of the 
sea washed the feet of the Great Him- 
alayas, and the plains of the Punjab 
were its sandy bed. But then the sea 
withdrew Karachi way, and left the flat 
plain unprotected from the scorching 
sun, watered only in part by its five 
rivers, so that the cliffs which had once 
risen from the ocean now rise from the 
sand, thirsty and forsaken. They are 
bare and cracked with heat, uncovered 
by vegetation, torn by gales and some- 
times by torrents from the hills above; 
no softening influence has ever succeed- 
ed with them, and the roads and huts 
that man thought to build for his com- 
fort among them they ever strive to de- 

In one spot on the extreme west of 
our present British frontier line, there 
must have been for long a salt lake — its 
banks show yet — and it may have been 
fed by the torrential rains, for a gully 
opens up into the cliffs just there. 
Water comes down this gorge once a 
year, and thus it is possible for man to 
live. This spot seemed sufficiently un- 
comfortable six hundred years ago to 
Sakhi Sarwar, seeking a hermit's abode. 
So he scratched him a dugout in a 
sandy mound, collected water from the 
gorge — how he stored it I can not tell, 
for it runs only a few weeks in the year 
— planted a tree whose branches now 
droop over his cell, and there he lived 
in sancity (blessed, one may believe, in 
his self-denial) until he died. Then 
his four faithful disciples took the re- 
ward of their service and their master's 

sanctity. They built his tomb on the 
cliff above the gorge and said it was a 
holy place, but they had to await the 
wherewithal for the building of a 

Now through those dreary regions, as 
the hot weather fades to coolness, there 
traveled then, as they travel still, com- 
panies of men from the plateaux beyond, 
carrying dried fruits and spices for sale. 
The merchandise and the children and 
some of the women were laden upon 
camels, who strode easily over the yield- 
ing sand. It fell on a day that a 
precious camel fell sick, and his master 
was in despair, until he was bidden take 
him to the tomb of Sakhi Sarwar for 
healing. Sakhi Sarwar healed him, sure 
enough, and the caravan went on its 
way into the milder regions of the 
Punjab where men dwell, to spread the 
fame of the camel's healing, till sick an- 
imals, and sick folk too, rose up and 
journeyed to the place in faith and 
hope. Thus did Sakhi Sarwar's tomb 
become a place of pilgrimage famous to 
the confines of the Punjab — is it not 
written in the book of ' Kim " ? — and 
soon did a wonderful white shrine 
worthily adorn the tomb. 

An Unsavory Reputation. 

Moreover, those four disciples grew 
fat on the offerings of the pilgrims, and 
taking to themselves wives begat chil- 
dren and founded the city which, by 
reason of its heat and remoteness, is a 
sorrow to the British official to this day. 
The character of its 600 inhabitants, 
moreover, is a joy to no one. This may 
be explained by the fact that they begin, 
continue, and end their lives in begging 
and in practicing the deceptions connect- 
ed with their solitary occupation and 
means of livelihood, the shrine. About 
the beginning of the cool season, parties 
of the men take a journey across the 


The Missionary Visitor 


sands and the Indus to advertise their 
saint. About Christmas time the results 
of their labors become apparent in the 
streams of swinging camels that cross 
the boat bridge, bearing brightly-clothed 
pilgrims in pannier-like seats on their 
backs, to the first great " mela," or fair, 
of the year. Because saintliness is a 
virtue honored in all in India, and part- 
ly, doubtless, because the saint's follow- 
ers were clever, the shrine is attractive 
to all casts and creeds alike. Three 
special parts of it are provided, and 
three special feasts annually, for Mo- 
hammedans, Sikhs, and Hindus. 
A Christian Hospital at Sakhi Sarwar. 
There is, however, no place for Chris- 
tians in the shrine. Is it too bleak, too 
hot a place for Christian saintliness? 
There is no famous Christian shrine nor 
saint to rival Sakhi Sarwar; but there 
is a little hospital in charge of an old 
convert from Mohammedanism, who 
bears the title of doctor. His knowl- 
edge of medicine is not very scientific, 
but it is very useful, and it brings him 
the gratitude of the saint's followers. 
The present generation calls him Uncle, 
for he has seen most of them grow up ; 
and they invite him to their homes, take 
his medicine, and listen with attention 
to his teaching. They stray into the hos- 
pital, too, and watch the mother with 
her children ; a gentle Christian woman 
whom they respect and cling to, always 
with her small girls and one much 
honored little son, children to be fed in 
a place where no vegetables grow, 
trained and educated without the help 
of teachers,. until they are old enough to 

travel all the way to Lahore to school. 
Year by year, too, in spring and autumn, 
the caravans pass that way across the 
border, and the sick among them are 
given healing in the name and inspira- 
tion of the love of Christ; but they wor- 
ship still at the shrine of the saint of 
Islam. Perhaps they thank God there 
for the Christian's love; perhaps they 
speak of it away beyond the border; 
perhaps, nay surely, one day they will 
know it for themselves. 

A Request for Prayer. 
Thus through heat and drought in that 
arid outpost, the battle is being fought 
with the weapons of Christ's love and 
His servants' lives. The enemy's posi- 
tion ; impregnable ? No ! More than 
one has lifted up his eyes to the Cru- 
cified ; and one at least has stepped right 
out • into the light. This one, who 
worked as " dresser " in the hospital, so 
coming under the daily influence of the 
doctor, had to be sent away for further 
teaching and for safety, too. Now he 
has married a really earnest Christian 
girl, with considerable hospital training. 
It may be that together they will return 
to the outpost and carry on the old 
doctor's work. Pray God to strengthen 
these His servants, the old and the 
young. Pray that their lives, lived in 
the fierce criticism of Moslem neigh- 
bors, may be worthy of their Master, 
showing forth in convincing fashion 
His love and truth, His light and His 
joy. Thus shall the knowledge of the 
glory of God cover that thirsty land as 
once it was covered by the waters of the 
sea. — Mercy and Truth. 

It is said of Miss Agnew, of Ceylon, that mother of a thousand daugh- 
ters, that during her career fully a thousand of the girls who attended her 
school were led to become Christians. It has been pointed out since her death 
that she had the habit, in addition to all her administrative and teaching work, 
of setting aside literally hours each week to pray for these girls by name. — 


The Missionary Visitor 



Olive A. Smith. 

AS an actual organization, the 
American Board of Foreign Mis- 
sions is about 105 years old. But 
how many of us ever heard the story of 
the real beginning of the foreign mis- 
sionary movement? It is an interesting 
story. Five country boys, students of 
Williams College, were caught one day 
in a thunderstorm. They dug their 
way into a haystack, and fell to discuss- 
ing the need of missionary work in oth- 
er lands. Finally their little meeting 
took the form of a prayer service. They 
dedicated their lives to foreign missions, 
and, unlike some of our modern young 
people, who have publicly offered them- 
selves and then failed to report and. pre- 
pare for the work, they remained true 

to their promise. They adopted the 
motto, " We can do it if we will." 

Three of these boys were the pioneers 
to India. From this beginning there 
have grown the forty main societies 
now in this country, the five thousand 
missionaries in foreign fields, with their 
twenty-two thousand native helpers, the 
ten thousand stations, nearly seven thou- 
sand schools, and two hundred and nine 
hospitals, to say nothing of the millions 
of converts. 

It is a tribute to the country home 
that these young men were her products, 
and it is a tribute to the cause of educa- 
tion that they were college students. 

Emporia, Kans. 


Q. A. Holsopple. 

IT is reported that more than 25,000 
sacks of mail intended for India and 
other Eastern countries were lost 
when the Persia was sunk by being tor- 
pedoed on the Mediterranean. Prac- 
tically all of our missionaries are certain 
that they have lost some post thereby. 
Anyone writing letters to India mis- 
sionaries and having posted them from 
the 6th to the 13th of December need 
not be surprised if they receive no reply. 
Dr. Machichan, president of Wilson 
College, Bombay, has been chosen to fill 
the position of vice chancellor of the 
University of Bombay. This office was 
made vacant owing to the death of Hon. 
P. C. Mehta, which occurred on the 
2d of November, 1915. 

Rev. Aitken, the late able editor of 
the Bombay Guardian, died in Bombay 
the first week of January, 1916. The 

trustees of the paper are still in search 
of a competent man to take his place. 

Brother and Sister Lichty have been 
spending most of the month of January 
among the villages. They are at present 
located at Amletha. During February 
they hope to make their headquarters 
at another outstation. In this way they 
are enabled to reach a number of vil- 
lages with the gospel message. They 
find the phonograph very useful in at- 
tracting a crowd of hearers. 

Sisters Sadie Miller and Josephine 
Powell are following the example of 
some of the patriarchs, and are " dwell- 
ers in tents." The former is working 
among the village people of Vyara Dis- 
trict, while the latter is out from Vada 
in the Marathi language area. May the 
blessings of the Father attend their la- 


The Missionary Visitor 


We regret to state that Sister Stover's 
health has not been restored sufficiently 
for her to return to the plains. It has 
been decided that she remain at Panch- 
gani until the monsoon. Her children 
are with her, while her husband is at 
Anklesvar. A few days ago Daniel, 
aged four years, had the interesting ex- 
perience of being bitten by a dog. We 
are glad to know that it was not a 
serious bite. 

The District Meeting will be held at 
Vali, March 13 to 16. An interesting 
program has been arranged. 

At the December committee meeting 
it was announced that Brethren Kaylor 
and Holsopple each passed the higher 
standard examinations in the Marathi 
and Gujarati languages, respectively. 
Sister Nickey passed in the lower stand- 
ard Marathi examination. 

On the second of January, 1916, a 
little girl came to make her home with 
Brother and Sister A. W. Ross. Her 
name is Evelyn. Her older sisters, Nina 
and Ruth, are happy little girls. 

Umalla Village, Broach Dist., India, 
January 24. 




Twenty million soldiers in physical peril. ^tu^o^an^art, ' ^ H 

r, M1 . , .„ , . c , • , u Two million people die every month in 

One million men killed in first six months. heathen lands 

Cost to kill a man, about $3,500. 

Cost to give the Gospel to the world, about 
$2 per person. 

Cost of European War, over $40,000,000 Expended in world-war, about $35,000,000 
daily. annually. 

Fighting strength of armies, over twenty Total missionary force, 12,000 men and 12, 
millions. 000 women. 

Develops hatred. 

Is destructive. 

Settles nothing finally. 

Promotes friendliness. 

Is constructive. 

Establishes Christ's enduring kingdom, and 
ultimately eliminates all war (Isa. 2: 2-4). 

Will the church make a serious effort to ing an adequate basis? — J. Campbell White 
put its world-war on something approach- in The Missionary Intelligencer. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Four Generations on the King's Highway. 

Buena Vista Congregation, Second District of Virginia, was organized a few years ago 
under the direction of the District Board, with about seventeen members. Now it is a flourish- 
ing congregation of more than two hundred. The present pastor is Bro. J. C. Garber. 
Among those whom he has baptized are members of four generations as may be seen accom- 
panying him in the above picture. These members are, Sister Mary E. Bowen, great-grand- 
mother, Sister Bettie Widdifield, grandmother, Bro. Percy Widdifield and his daughter, Sister 
Ethel. Photo and facts supplied by Bro. W. E. Gilbert. 


S. N. McCann. 

Dear Fellow Workers of the Bible 
Memory and Devotional League: 

We are glad for the many who are 
keeping up the work and sending to the 
Visitor for their certificates. There 
are many entitled to certificates who 
have not yet called for them. I am 
sorry that there are those of our num- 
ber who have become discouraged and 
are not keeping up the work. Let all 
such take a fresh start, and if hin- 
drances come and a day is lost here and 
there, this fact should not discourage. 
We should make up for the lost days 
by committing two verses the next day. 

The joy of a little season each day 
devoted to committing the Word, and 
prayer, is too great to be lost. The 
benefits can not be told, of a habit 
formed like this for keeping one in 

close touch with God and with truth. 
Some members have expressed a wish 
for a list of texts in the Psalms, cover- 
ing a year's work. The following texts 
are suggested; 

No. of Psalm. No. of Verses. 

1 1-6 

15 1-5 

19 1-14 

23 1-6 

24' 1-10 

25 1-22 

27 1-14 

31 1-3 

32 1-11 

33 1-22 

34 1-22 

37 25-28 

39 1-13 

42 1-11 


The Missionary Visitor 





























In the above list we have broken 
only three Psalms. One can well af- 
ford to put a year on such devotional 


Winnie E. Cripe. 

THE New Year opens with China 
in a very critical condition polit- 
ically, not to mention her weak- 
ness morally and spiritually. , When, 
during the latter months of last year, 
there were rumors of a change in the 
form of government it met with dis- 
approval almost everywhere. When the 
republican government was first estab- 
lished the people interior were not keen 
on accepting the many changes it 
brought to them, but they were learning 
to appreciate it and now resent going 
back to a monarchy again. " We don't 
want the old way," is the cry. While 
this seems to be the mind of the people 
there is a decided difference of opinion 
among the official class. Not a few of 
China's strongest political leaders have 
felt that China was not yet ready for a 
" people's government," as the people 
had always been under an emperor who 
ruled and they were his helpless sub- 
jects. It was held by many that they 
must be trained and educated gradually 
to independence. Yuan Shih K'ai, who 
for four years has served as president, 
holds strongly to this view and deems it 
an error to have introduced the republic 
at so early a stage in the nation's de- 
velopment. He expresses it thus : " Our 

rights and privileges in Manchuria 
have suffered enormously. We are 
ashamed and humiliated, but our weak- 
ness invited insult. Let all the people 
unite and work harmoniously for the 
supreme object of saving the country." 

There are various uprisings through- 
out the country, perhaps the strongest 
being in Yunnan Province, in the ex- 
treme southwest portion of the empire. 
Here they have started an independent 
republic. Troops are being sent from 
the capital, and we can but await results. 
These are some of China's internal 
troubles. Then there are those exterior, 
chief of which is with Japan. How we 
long for the day when " Thou wilt 
judge the peoples with equity, and 
govern the nations upon earth" ! 

New Year's Day brought a heavy fall 
of snow, and we are having a delight- 
ful winter, though cold. The many 
poor about us are suffering, but this 
snow means more grain next summer. 
So they find reason for joy, too. 

On New Year's Day the brethren and 
friends met in the new church at Ping 
Ting Hsien for a praise service, where 
a program of special music was ren- 


The Missionary Visitor 


dered. It was so much enjoyed by all 
that they hope to repeat the effort in 
order to teach the people to worship in 

The World's Week of Prayer was ob- 
served both among the foreigners and 
natives and we trust with great benefit. 
As this was the week for special prayer 
for the work at Liao Chou by the Vol- 
unteer Band it was doubly interesting 
to some of us. One of our native Chris- 
tians at this station, when learning of 
it, said, " Please thank the church at 
home for thus wasting their hearts for 
us. They truly love us." From Ping 
Ting comes the report that the Chris- 
tians manifested a much keener interest 
in this effort than in any previous year. 

The teacher who had been in charge 
of our out-station at He Shun some 
time ago had to be dismissed, and Bro. 
Bright spent a few days there getting 

a new worker started in, and readjust- 
ing the work. .Another brother, who 
had been principal of the Boys' School 
at Liao Chou, had been dismissed and 
was imprisoned by the authorities as a 
law-breaker for more than three 
months. He has now been released be- 
cause of his good conduct while in 
bonds, and returned to us. As far as 
we can see with human eyes, he is a 
repentant man. We accepted his ac- 
knowledgment and are glad to see him 
willing to begin again at an humble po- 
sition and try to rise. He is a man of 
no mean learning, but- through tempta- 
tion fell. Satan " sifts " now as in the 
days of yore, and we need some of the 
compassion of our Savior to deal with 
these weak ones. May He give us grace. 

The new Boys' School building at 
Liao has been partly occupied since 
Christmas, though the plastering in 
some of the rooms is not yet dry enough 

Take my silver and m) gold; not a mite would f withhold 



The Missionary Visitor 


to use. We are truly glad for this 
much-needed building. We only wish 
the donors could see the " Thank you " 
on the faces of the boys. 

The work has been much interrupted 
in the Girls' School at Ping Ting Hsien 
during this month because of sickness. 
Both measles and chicken-pox broke 
out among the pupils. Miss Chin, the 
teacher, also was sick for a while. This 
left not only the caring for the sick to 
Sister Metzger, but also the teaching. 
However, all were better and able to 
finish their work at the end of the term. 
One girl had to be sent home. She had 
contracted tuberculosis, a disease with 
which so many women of this land are 

Our schools at both stations close 
Jan. 31 for nearly a month's vacation 
over the Chinese New Year. People 
everywhere are busy getting ready for 
this greatest of their festive seasons. 

One of our boys, Jung Hsi Ch'uan, 
who has been assisting Dr. Brubaker in 
the dispensary at Liao Chou, has just 
entered the Nurses' Training School in 
Te Chou, Shantung Province, where he 
plans to complete a three years' course 
and return a trained nurse for our hos- 
pital. The medical work is growing rap- 
idly at both stations and our doctors are 
sorely in need of trained nurses, both 
foreign and native. 


On the first Sunday of the year the 

Statistics of the Principal Missionary Societies of America, 



d *• 

d bDu 
d d o 



« .2 

Amer. Bapt. For. Mis. Society $ 1,364.286.28 

For. Mis. Board S. Bapt. Con 537,076.66 

Gen. Mis. Board Church of the Breth 114,720.82 

For. Christian Mis. Society (Dis.) 330,495.29 

Christian Worn. Bd. Mis. Ch. of Christ (Dis.) 120,667.62 

Amer. Bd. Com. for For. Mis 1,101,570.47 

Bd. For. Mis. Gen. Synod Ev. Luth. Church, U. S. A. .. 114,002.61 

Bd. For. Mis. Gen. Council Ev. Luth. Church, N. Amer. . 107,676.30 

Bd. For. Mis. Meth. Epis. Church . < 1,588,755.29 

Worn. For. Mis. Soc. Meth. Epis. Ch 931,780.67 

Bd. Mis. Meth. Epis. Church, South * 797,691.42 

Bd. For. Mis. Pres. Church, U. S. A 2,262,061.15 

Bd. For. Mis. United Pres. Ch., N. A 344,503.77 

Ex. Com. For. Mis. Pres. Church, U. S 522,515.59 

Domestic and For. Mis. Soc, Prot. 'Epis. Ch., U. S. A. 1,152,250.00 

Bd. For. Mis. Reformed Church in America (Dutch) .. 289,970.30 

Bd. For. Mis. Reformed Church U. S. (German) .... 134,572.11 

For. Mis. Soc. United Brethren in Christ 104,222.17 

American Bible Society 334,054.00 

For. Dept. Int. Com. Y. M. C. A, N. A 445,000.00 

Christian and Mission Alliance 190,243.63 

American Red Cross 732,749.01 

Totals for all For. Miss. Organizations in Amer. (1915) 18,793,990.98 

Totals for the world (1912)* 32,131,234.00 





































*Later reports not available. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Sunday-schools at both stations started 
out under new organization. The 
Christian men and boys have been given 
work to do along this line and the in- 
terest is growing. 

Brother and Sister Crumpacker plan 
to leave Ping Ting Hsien for their first 
furlough in the States on the last day 
of the month. They expect to sail from 
Shanghai some time the latter part of 
February. Sister Crumpacker has not 
been very well for several months, hav- 
ing repeated attacks of appendicitis, and 
it is thought best that she go to a well- 
equipped hospital in Shanghai and have 
an operation before sailing. Dr. Wam- 
pler is to accompany them that far. 

Just as the year opens we must chron- 

icle the death of little Cathryn Bright. 
She took sick Jan. 20 with malignant 
scarlet fever, and after a week of in- 
tense suffering passed quietly away 
Jan. 27. Our Dr. Brubaker labored 
earnestly for her life, but it seemed in 
vain, for the Savior wanted her to go 
to live with Him. Dr. Wampler was 
called, but did not reach us till after 
she was laid away. Our dear Brother 
and Sister Bright are called upon agai.i 
to see one of their little ones precede 
them to the other world; and our mis- 
sion family, as well as her Chinese 
friends, will miss the little sunbeam that 
was loaned to us for a while. May the 
Father help us to know in real truth 
that " all things work together for 
good to them that are called according 
to His purpose." 

With Total for All Societies in America and the World 
























m • 

3 u 

03 « 















1-3 to 

— a 

o 3 
H W I j 
S-d 1 

O * i 

1 ?u 


„oS » 
8 r § 













6 a 

























1,149! 2,344 
















































' ' 32 















































' ' 636 










' i 7,281 




1,7551 1,802 










1,340| 428 










479| 261 


, 1,081 
















33| 257 

13,655 11 








1,043 6 
















' ' ' 968 


' 14 

' ' ' 691 

' ' 1 48 

3,64 i 






















-The Foreign Mission Record. 


The Missionary Visitor 



William Ingraham Haven. 

(The following 1 article is one of a series that 
were prepared and printed in the Bible Society 
Record under the caption, " Around the World 
for the Centennial " of the American Bible Soci- 
ety, of which Mr. Haven is Corresponding Sec- 
retary. Illustrations from photographs taken by 
the writer. Used by kind permission of the 
American Bible Society. — Ed.) 

EGYPT, land of mystery, ancient 
beyond the memory of man, the 
cradle of the race, some say, 
though Mesopotamia claims this dis- 
tinction, and a Chinese scholar in a 
book I bought in Hongkong located it 
most certainly in the region adjacent to 
Mongolia. Here, however, was Moses' 
cradle— ^the great law-giver, the father 
of a mighty people from whom in the 
fullness of time came One Whose so- 
journ as a Babe cradled in His mother's 
arms has caused a light to shine over 
this land which dims all other glories 
and illumines all the mysteries of Pyra- 
mid and Sphinx and obelisk and cease- 
less flooding river and far-stretching 
desert sands, and the humanity that has 
had here its home for ages upon ages. 

Strange land, it has ever been vital 
to the life of man. Many lands of his- 
tory have been long obscured, away from 
the customary movements of the race, 
but Egypt has always been in the sun. 
And today as we approach it we realize 
that it is pivotal to empire. The soft, 
restful days on the Arabian Sea have 
given place to more tumultuous waters 
in the Red Sea. Aden is passed ; we turn 
northward, the air is sharper. Friday 
night, Saturday, Saturday night, and all 
day Sunday we traverse it. I never 
dreamed of it as so large a body of 
water. Sunday, toward evening, we 
descry the deserts of Sinai and our 
hearts lift as we think of the Mountain 
of the Law off there just beyond the 
vision, and the forty years of wandering 
that trained a people to obedience to the 

All night we are crossing the Gulf of 

Suez and in the morning come to an- 
chor for quarantine and inspection off 
the city of Suez and spend our time 
watching the shipping and guessing just 
which buoys on the level waters mark 
the entrance to the canal. Everything 
is unusual. Here are great liners filled 
with khaki-clad troops, here ships which 
have just come through the canal, 
walled all about their decks and the 
wheelhouse or bridge with sandbags. 
Some of these ships have been three 
days coming through the canal. The 
coast is all clear now, we are informed, 
and in the middle of the morning we 
nose our way between certain buoys and 
soon are in the narrow waterway whose 
banks are walled with stone, shelving 
beneath the beautiful green waters and 
back to the desert sands on either side. 
At regular intervals buoys are placed, 
some prepared to be lighted; you can 
see the tubes connecting them with tanks 
arranged on frames at regular distances 
on the shores. 

Going Through the Suez Canal. 
Now everybody is excited. Our ship 
is filled with English officers or civilians 
and their families, and the reason for 
their excitement is most apparent. On 
each side of the canal are lines after 
lines of entrenchments and camps. 
Here are cavalry cantering along the 
sands; here batteries of artillery; on that 
hillock is a camel corps. All about the 
encampments are areas fenced in with 
barbed wire. The trenches apparently 
face both ' ways and are the same on 
both sides of the canal. There are rude 
symbols in the sand marking the graves 
of the Turks, with crosses for the 
graves of their Christian officers who 
tried to make the crossing just a few 
weeks ago, anticipating help from an up- 
rising in Egypt which was nipped in the 
bud. All along the shores are the sol- 


The Missionary Visitor 


Trenches and Camps on the Suez Canal. 

diers — Gurkhas, Australians, British 
regulars. As we come up to encamp- 
ment after encampment there are shouts 
and songs and the passengers throw 
out innumerable cases of cigarettes and 
the men dive in for them, some slipping 
off their clothes, others without wait- 

From one side of the ship to the oth- 
er we run as the excitement increases, 
and by nightfall we are as tired as if 
we had been to a football game or a 
county fair. The ship must have taken 
on a cargo of cigarettes at Bombay for 
this day in the canal. May the shores 
be subject to no more deadly fusillade! 

Next morning we were at Port Said 
and there was a bit of a thrill in remem- 
bering that I had been there before, corn- 

Encampment in the Suburbs of Cairo. 

ing the other way, and that I had, there- 
fore, really made the circuit of the 


I had purchased tickets for Gibraltar 
to visit our committee in Madrid at 
work on the revision of the Spanish 
New Testament, but the captain in- 
formed me that he had not been al- 
lowed to land any but British subjects 
at Gibraltar, and as I did not wish to 
take the time to go on to London if held 
on the ship at Gibraltar, it seemed best 
to leave the ship and inquire at Cairo 
as to further possibilities. At Cairo no 
one knew, neither the British consul 
nor the American consul nor the 
British military authorities nor the 
ship's, officers, as the military exi- 

From the Roof of the El-Azhar. 

The Sphinx and the Great Pyramid. 

New Zealand Artillery Horses. 

Singing ** It's a Long Way to Tipperary. 

gencies at Gibraltar could only be de- 
termined there, though after I arrived 
in New York I learned that the trip 
might have been made. This illustrates 
the endless uncertainties that were about 
us all the way. Now we knew for the 
first time in all our long journeyings 
about the Atlantic sailings, and few and 
far apart they were. We could make 
nothing until after Easter. We could 
only get to Constantinople by submarine 
or the long roundabout journey by 
Dedeagatch, and we could not get to 
Beirut or get Arabic Bibles out of there, 
much to our distress in our work in 
Egypt. So the only thing to do was to 
give what encouragement was possible 
to the Egyptian field of our Levant 

Our Work. 

We have an arrangement of comity 
with our British brethren whose stately 
headquarters at Port Said I was privi- 
leged to visit. They have the colport- 
age in the Delta and we up the Nile in 
Upper Egypt. Both societies work in 
Cairo and Alexandria. Our work is 
most intimately associated with that of 
the American Mission, that superb 
piece of missionary achievement of the 
United Presbyterian Church which has 
wrought such wonders evangelistic and 
educational in this ancient and most 
modern land. Our depot in Alexandria 
is in their splendid establishment in the 
heart of that city right opposite the site 
of the old Church of Athanasius, now 
occupied by a Mohammedan mosque; 


% *■ **. 

Out into the Desert. 

On the Desert. 


The" Missionary Visitor 


The Well of the Virgin. 

An Old Egyptian Well. 

our headquarters in Cairo is in their 
most central building close to Shep- 
herd's Hotel, and our adviser, the Rev. 
W. H. Reed, who counsels with our sub- 
agent, Michael Bakhit, is stationed at 
Assuit and does evangelistic and Bible 
work in his dahabiyeh up and down the 
Nile and off into the adjacent villages. 
We have twenty-seven colporteurs in 
Egypt and the Soudan and, in the year 
recently ended, when I arrived they had 
circulated 32,336 volumes, in spite of 
the harassing conditions caused by the 

They had never had such opportuni- 
ties to reach the Moslem population; 
the circulation among the Moslems was 
2,124 volumes, a decided advance over 
the past. 

A Different Cairo. 

Cairo is not the Cairo of the tourist; 
there are no tourists there. Many of 
the great hotels are given over to hos- 
pitals. The Mena at the Pyramids, 
Ghezireh Palace in the gardens across 
the Nile, the great Palace Hotel at 
Heliopolis, said to be the finest hotel in 
the Near East, are filled with wounded 
soldiers. It was a sad sight, indeed, to 
look into the magnificent marble ball- 
room and the dining rooms created for 
gala festivities at this fashionable sub- 
urb, and find them crowded with the 
cots of sufferers — many of them wound- 
ed in defending the canal through which 
we had just passed. 

All Cairo is full of soldiers — Austra- 
lians, New Zealanders, superb fellows, 
Territorials, and others. At the Pyra- 

A Young Men's Christian Association Tent. 

Visiting: the Soldiers' Camps. 


The Missionary Visitor 


mids thousands of Australians are en- 
camped; out on the desert beyond He- 
liopolis are tents upon tents, ranged in 
their orderly ranks, where tens of thou- 
sands of Lancashire men and New Zea- 
landers and others are in training. It 
was a touching sight to see men who had 
brought their horses with them from 
New Zealand caring for the splendid 
creatures with love and affection and 
realize the brevity of life of beast as 
well as man, in the awful carnage so 
close at hand. 

The Y. M. C. A. tents were most in- 
teresting, where the men can gather to 
write letters and listen to lectures and 
enjoy the spiritual message. I met in 
charge of a large part of this work Mr. 
Jessup, who used to be our secretary in 
Summit, N. J., where I have my home. 
He and his wife, a Summit lady, were 
doing a most heroic work, including the 
circulation of the Scriptures, among 
these " boys/' many of them a long, long 
way from home and too near tempta- 
tions which have made the streets of 
Cairo a synonym for spiritual peril more 
deadly than the battlefield. Many ef- 
forts are put forth to help these men. 
I attended a most unusual military tea 
at the Continental Hotel, given by the 
lady of the manse of the Scotch Pres- 
byterian church. It was one of a series. 
The troops came with their bagpipes, 
leading the march; they had been at 
service at the church. They filled the 
lounge rooms of the hotel. There were 
music and stories, some very good ones, 
and a brief address by Dr. Zwemer, who 
is a prince at such things, in Cairo as 
in New York, and then tea and cakes 
served by the ladies — which made a 
very pleasant time for these men, away 
from their homes and church associa- 

I must not write of schools and col- 
leges and mission presses, though I had 
a most interesting day at the Nile Press 
and met most delightfully the staff of 
the mission at Dr. Giffen's ; neither must 

I tell the story over of mosques and 
citadels, etc., that make Cairo so unique, 
though I did go once more to the El- 
Azhar and saw, the library with its rare 
Korans and the cloisters and rooms for 
students from Tunis and Constantinople 
and India and Java and China and all 
over the Mohammedan world, seventy 
thousand of them said to be in resi- 
dence, the greatest missionary institu- 
tion in the world ! 

Up the Nine. 

You will want to go up the Nile with 
me, however, to Assuit. There are no 
boats running and the trains have taken 
off all their de luxe facilities — I came 
near going dinnerless. I inquired in 
time to procure a sandwich in this home 
of them, according to the conundrum, 
and rested back in the compartment to 
spend a day looking out of the window. 
The scenery was striking, the great 
walls of the deserts so near, the rich 
level of the valley, the river with its 
lanteen sails and wide sweeps about the 
walls of sand as it changed its course, 
the canal and the shipping on it, the vil- 
lages and the palms, the roads full of 
life, the black-robed people (black pre- 
vails in Egypt as blue in China), the 
crowds at certain of the stations, gath- 
ered in great enclosures. I learned that 
these were " movable " market-days. It 
was all so different from Cairo and the 
land of Goshen. It was Upper Egypt, 
indeed. Those walls of sand that mark 
the desert are pierced with holes as 
though vast birds had nested there. 
They are said to be the granaries of 
Joseph. Now we are at Assuit, a busy 
city, and here I have tea at Mrs. Reed's 
and then enjoy the institutions of the 
American Mission, meeting Dr. Mc- 
Clenhan, the president of the university, 
the ladies of the Women's School, and 
visiting the great church and the hos- 
pital and having tea again at one of the 
princely Egyptian homes on the banks 
of the Nik. — Bible Society Record. 


The Missionary Visitor 




THE above Mission Band grew 
out of the missions class conduct- 
ed in the Bible School. The class 
organized as volunteers in January, 1915. 
Since then the band has grown, receiv- 
ing others who are not enrolled in the 
missions class. 

Regular weekly meetings have been 
held the larger part of the past year. 
The book, " Christian Heroism in 
Heathen Lands," has been studied. Al- 
so, special attention was given to the 
study and discussion of the needs of 
China, India, Burma and Mexico. 
Natives from China, Burma and Mexi- 
co were present to assist in the study 
of their respective countries ; those 
from China and Mexico very keenly 
feeling the need of volunteers, as they 
themselves are strong Christian men, 
laboring for the betterment of their na- 

At present we number twenty-six, 
three of our number being " United Stu- 
dent Volunteers." Sixteen are engaged 
in work among the Chinese of our city; 
four are teaching Bible classes in homes 
in the neighborhood ; one sister gives 
special attention to the visiting of the 
sick and aged in our congregation, and 
doing for them the " little things " 
which are so necessary and yet so often 
neglected in many places. 

A few other phases of service have 
been touched, such as visiting in the 
county hospital and city prison, and in 
the homes of some of our Mexican 
neighbors ; also conducting special Bible 
readings and prayer services for the in- 
valids and aged. This part of the work 
has been limited only because so small 
a band can not enter all the avenues of 
service awaiting workers, for we are 
yet very young and at the beginning of 
our training. 

We are much interested in the volun- 
teer movement in our Brotherhood and 
join our prayers with those of every 
volunteer, that fathers and mothers will 
consecrate their sons and daughters to 
the greatest service in the world — that 
of winning souls for the kingdom of 
God — and that the sons and daughters 
will respond, in order that our Captain 
may no longer call in vain for volun- 


W. Harlan Smith. 

T will turn aside now, and see this great 
sight, why the bush is not burnt (Ex. 3: 3). 

ALREADY the dawn of the new 
year has come upon us and dis- 
appeared. The sun of 1916 is 
fast approaching its zenith, and still 
men and women, with unlimited abili- 
ties for service in God's vineyard, can 
not see their opportunity for happiness 
and success in life, because they con- 
tinue to wear the spectacles of the 
world, whose lenses are made of the 
almighty dollar, so as to distort perfect 
vision. For this reason they spell with 
four letters (gold) the name of the god 
which they worship. Oh, what a grip 
Satan has upon mankind because of this 
great error! He has artfully and de- 
ceivingly placed the prize, the glittering 
goal, so far in advance of the fleetest 
contestant, that none of its seekers ever 
reach it, and are satisfied when death 
comes. They find that they have stored 
up only a lot of perishable treasures. 
Not only has this spirit of error per- 
vaded the minds of Satan's followers, 
but, sad to say, it has secured too prom- 
inent a place in the hearts of many of 
the noble men and women in our 
churches and Christian colleges today. 
Too many of our healthy, ambitious 
young Christians look out upon the fu- 
ture and judge its success, as far as they 


The Missionary Visitor 



are concerned, by a money standard. 
Remember, I am not condemning mon- 
ey making, when it is done in the right 
spirit and does not destroy or obscure 
a clear call from God for service. It 
does this too often, but the victims are 
unwilling to confess it. Do you not see 
how Moses could have been concealed 
so completely in his temporal work, his 
money-earning work, as not to have 
noticed this unusual fire or phenome- 

Moses was a college man and had 
well learned the lesson of close obser- 
vation. My appeal in this article is 
mainly to college students, for I believe 
they have the greatest opportunities and 
clearest calls to service, and because I 
am a college student and can better ap- 
preciate their, view of things. But this 
article will apply to all Christians as 
well. We as college students must be 
able to see the unusual thing and then 
be able to analyze it. Moses saw the 
unusual; for it was the unconsumed 
bush, not the burning bush itself, that 
was the uncommon thing. The call of 
God has come to many a person, dis- 
turbing, in an unusual manner, his reg- 
ular course of thinking, but he has not 
turned aside to analyze the phenomenon 
and so does not get God's words telling 
him what to do. Our slogan should 
not be, " More education, so I may have 
more money and a better position in the 
world," but " More education, so I may 
have a better position in God's king- 
dom and so I can ' serve ' better." 

My brother and my sister, how many 
times have you realized something with- 
in you telling you to stop and change 
your course and plan on doing some- 
thing more definite for your God and 
your fellow-man, and you utterly 
neglected it because you did not see 
enough money or fame in the better 

proposition ? That was the " uncon- 
sumed " bush that you did not recog- 
nize. Your life never will be happy and 
contented until you analyze the proposi- 
tion and find God clearly calling you to 
service as He did Moses. This very ex- 
perience I realized in my own life until 
I turned aside and considered the matter 
and accepted God's call. Again, when 
many of us hear the call we begin to 
make excuses and say, "We can't," 
when we know that with God's help we 
can. See what Moses did when his edu- 
cation was completed and he started out 
in God's service. The same opportuni- 
ties and advantages are yours. I pray 
that many of you may see and seize 
them before it is too late. I appeal to 
you, my brother and sister — you who 
are college students, you who have the 
health, the ability and the call — to re- 
spond to this greatest of all services and 
positions, as messengers for God's king- 

O Christian men and women, may 
we stop, look and listen to the call for 
volunteers ! There are the dying mil- 
lions, whom God wants saved, calling 
for your help. Some have gone, but 
they are all too few for the gigantic 
task. Oh, will you not hear the call? 
Forget the perishable things of this 
earth and lay up treasures in heaven! 
If you have the call and do not accept 
you will never be happy until you do. 
Be thankful to God for your blessings 
and do something for Him, and at the 
same time make some poor sinner happy. 
There are appeals for teachers, for min- 
isters and for physicians. Stop! Look! 
Listen to the call of your Savior, the 
church, the missionaries and the dying 
millions. Let us volunteer and hasten 
the coming of God's kingdom. 

Mt. Morris, III. 


The Missionary Visitor 



C. A. Wright. 

April 16-22.— MEDICAL NEEDS AND 

Thank God for the opportunities for med- 
ical service. 

Pray for the medical missionaries. 

For necessary hospitals with the needed 

For the preservation of the health of the 
medical missionaries in the midst of dis- 

Christ healed the body as well as the soul; 
pray that today we may get more and 
more the vision that the Master had. 

Pray that there may be less neglect and 
loss of opportunity because of a lack of 
workers, funds, equipment, etc. 

Our medical missionaries teach Christ while 
they heal the body. Running sores, foul- 
smelling ulcers, high fevers, loathsome 
diseases, scrofulous limbs — these make up 
opportunities. Opportunities must be 
grasped by the workers. Pray for wis- 
dom in taking hold of them. 

A well has been dug and the foundation 
been laid for a dispensary in India, but 
money is needed to erect the building. 
Pray that the needs may be met. 

Sister Wampler, of China, says, " These 
[Chinese-trained nurses] do not fill the 
places of the foreign-trained nurses, who 
are badly needed. Pray that this phase 
of Christian service may appeal to more of 
our young sisters." 


Adoniram Judson had to spend his first ten 
years in Burma mastering the language; 
he had no teacher. Sister Anna Hutchi- 
son, in China, teaches classes, having 
spent but two years in language study. 

Thank God for the work of our native 

Pray for Bro. Yin and his work with the 

That those in training may have patience in 
their days of preparation for actual serv- 

Occasionally our missionaries tell of na- 
tive teachers and workers who become 
unfaithful and have to be dismissed. Pray 
for the faithfulness of all the native work- 
ers. Our native brethren and sisters have 
a long journey from heathendom to Chris- 
tianity. Pray for their complete conver- 
sion, and for their spiritual growth. 

Dr. Wampler says, "The greatest thing we 
can do for China is to prepare her own 
men and women to do her medical and 
surgical work." Pray God to raise up 
these workers. Pray for the training of 
such men and women. 

Pray for the native workers who must en- 
dure persecution or suffer imprisonment. 
Remember especially those in Denmark 
and Sweden. 

April 30-May 6.— LIVES AND CONSE- 

Thank our Father for the useful and sacri- 
ficing lives of our missionaries. 

Praise God for the consecration that they 
manifest and possess. 

Pray that their consecration and vision may 
still be deepened. They will appreciate 
our prayers, for there is bound to be a 
heavy drain upon their spiritual lives. 

That all may be filled with the Spirit, that 
the Spirit may guide them in all their 
missionary activities. 

For divine grace to meet the problems 
which confront them. 

That the fruits of the Spirit may be mani- 
fest in their lives. 

That those who have come home to regain 
their health may receive healing. 

For strength to overcome in time of temp- 

That our workers on furlough may create 
a deeper consecration in the homeland. 

That prospective missionaries may become 
thoroughly consecrated as they are re- 
ceiving their preparation, and that no one 
go to the field who is not thoroughly con- 
secrated to the Lord. 

Bro. Bright, of China, says, " One of the 
greatest needs of the native church is 

that of leaders who lead by example." 
Ask the Father to raise up such lead- 


Missionary exhibit work is one phase of 
missionary teaching that brings the 
vision nearer to us. Thank God that it 
has been started, and pray for its un- 
bounded success. 

Pray that every Volunteer Band may be 
well represented with exhibit work at the 
Conference this spring. 

That all who have part in preparing the 
work may be divinely guided in the selec- 
tion of the very best material. Pray es- 
pecially for those in charge of the exhibit 
work in each band. 

That there be a wide interest manifested 
in the exhibit at the Conference, and that 
the mottoes, statistics, reports and ap- 
peals may bear a message to many a 

Pray that the exhibit will help to make 


The Missionary Visitor 




The silvery slopes of Olivet 

Were steeped in mystic gloom, 
Save where the morning star unset 

Hung o'er the garden tomb, 
When to the angels watching there 

Across the shadows dim 
Came thrilling through the hallowed air 

That earliest Easter hymn, 
" The Lord is risen! " 

Yet many an unlit Southern strand 

Still waits for what may come, 
And many a league of darkened land 

This Eastertide is dumb, 
They watch for signs athwart the sky, 

They faint beneath their woe, 
" No hope," in mad despair they cry — 

Would God they could but know, ' 
"The Lord is risen!" 

O heroes of the living God 

Scale each beleaguered height 
And flash out bravely clear and broad 

Your beacon's splendid light: 
Till from Uganda's blood-stained walls 

Comes back the grand refrain, 
And far Korea's answering calls 

Unite with Congo's strain: 
"The Lord is risen!" 

— Margaret Preston. 


Arise this Easter morning, 

And leave past selves behind; 

Shake off old hamp'ring habits, 
Like grave-clothes that confine. 

Come forth into the sunlight, 

Among the flowers sweet 
That lift their lovely faces, 

Their risen Lord to greet. 

Let Easter anthems ringing 
Be your heart's triumph song; 

And children's voices, singing, 
Your soul's transport prolong. 

Shout gladly: " He is risen, 

The higher self of me! 
The Christ within me liveth: 

This is my victory!" 


The lilies bloom on Easter Day, 
On Easter Day, we softly say, 
Because of One so fair and pure, 
Who came to earth its ills to cure, 
Whose life was a light in the midst of 

That's what the lilies tell, that's what the 

lilies spell, 
That's what they'd say on Easter Day. 

The birds sing out on Easter Day, 
On Easter Day, so blithe and gay; 
They list of life, fresh, strong, and sweet, 
Of One Who from the earth has risen 
To give us gladness for sin and sadness; 
That's what the robins sing, that's what 

the bluebirds bring, 
That is their lay on Easter Day. 

The brooks run free on Easter Day, 
On Easter Day they slip away; 
They lisp of life, strong, and sweet, 
In which our lives may be complete, 
In peace and blessing beyond confessing; 
That's what the streamlets know, that's 

what the streamlets show, 
That is their way on Easter Day. 

Glad hearts rejoice on Easter Day, 

On Easter Day, as well they may; 

For Easter Day is all delight, 

For Easter makes the whole world bright; 

In joyful ringing the bells are swinging; 

"Good news!" the children cry. "Good 

news!" the bells reply. 
That's what they play on Easter Day. 
— Martha Burr Banks, in Over Sea and 



Sorrow and Joy at Liao Chou. 

[An account of the death of little Cath- 
ryn Bright and the baptism of her sister 
Esther and Leland Brubaker, as gleaned 
from different letters from China. — The 

WE had our station meeting at 
Bro. Brubaker's, and had just 
reached home, to find the chil- 
dren blowing bubbles, when Cathryn 
came to her mama and said her throat 
hurt. Her mama saw white spots and 
thought of tonsilitis, but sent little 
Edythe Brubaker away with a note to 
her mama. We kept her in the sitting- 
room all night and before morning she 
went into a light spasm. Dr. Brubaker 
was called and gave her treatment, but 
her mama noticed not long after that 
her body had a reddish hue. Dr. Bru- 
baker was again called and said it 
looked like scarlet fever. So we pre- 
pared to isolate her. We put her in 
her papa's room, and placed her mama 


The Missionary Visitor 


and the other children in Shang Fang 
(the dining-room). 

On Sunday she was fully broken out, 
and Sister Hutchison came to help wait 
on her. Up to and on Monday her 
sister Esther and Sister Winnie Cripe 
would look at her through the window. 
On Sunday it appeared as if baby Calvin 
also was getting the -fever. So her ma- 
ma and Calvin were isolated in the sit- 
ting-room, and her papa was alone with 
her. And there they were, each quaran- 
tined from the other and from every- 
body else. 

On Monday Cathryn was restless. 
Her fever continued high. Towards 
evening I noticed she had a croupish 
cough. At nine o'clock we called Dr. 
Brubaker again. He cared for the 
cough and she quieted, but at three 
o'clock we sent for him again, her 
throat was so bad. Then it began to 
look as if her chances were on the 
waning side of the scale. She had been 
so good in taking nourishment. Now 
she wanted none. How she longed to 
be left alone ! How unlike her to resent 
her medicine ! Then in her distress she 
tried to get us to understand; but how 
little we could help ! She wanted to 
" go home." She did not want to " stay 
here." She wanted her mama often. 
She wanted her mama to read her 
stories. How hard for her mama to be 
so near, able to hear her darling's 
groans and struggles, and yet not able 
to lend a hand ! She could tell of the 
weakness stealing on, but for baby 
Calvin's sake she must remain away. 
The others would come at times and 
talk with her through the window. 

On Wednesday night she* wanted to 
go and kiss her mama good night. I 
had her kiss my cheek for mama. That 
same evening she asked if they were 
through, for she wanted " to go on 
papa's back to bed," a thing she dearly 
loved to do. And once she caught an 
arm around my neck and begged to 

be taken to Shang Fang. She wanted 
the teapot with which she had played so 
often since Christmas, and poured out 
a little cocoa and drank it. Later she 
hugged the little mug to her neck, as she 
did also a pencil and book and a little 
Santa Claus that Esther made for her. 

On Tuesday she had a last look at 
mama through the window and threw 
a kiss so nicely on one little finger. Her 
fever kept up until the end. The last 
thirty-six hours she ceased to care for 
water. The last forenoon she pointed 
to the corner of her own room and loved 
' to look there afterwards. Maybe it was 
her first glimpse into her present home. 

And then all was over. She passed 
on without a struggle. Her heart just 
stopped. Sister Hutchison was with her 
alone then, but she called us at once. 

We hastily prepared a coffin for her, 
in our back court. After getting her lit- 
tle body wrapped with bichloride cotton 
and cloth, we let her mama and Esther 
and Winnie take a look at her through 
the window. Then she was laid in her 
coffin and the lid was nailed on. At 
4 : 30 in the morning she was taken out 
to the hillside. Bro. Raymond Flory 
was the only one to follow her. Her 
papa must stay with her mama, for 
whom the trial had been of the keenest 
intensity, and the others must fumigate 
the house. 

Cathryn had fought a brave fight, but 
the enemy was too strong for her. Dr. 
Brubaker made a heroic effort from the 
beginning to save her, but the disease is 
far more virulent here, where it has 
been unrestricted for ages, than it is in 
the home country. How resigned the 
mother's prayer as she leaned heavily 
upon the arm of her Jesus, knowing that 
His grace is sufficient! 

Thus the spirit of little Cathryn took 
its flight, but methinks she can be seen 
to hesitate one moment as she enters 
the portals of heaven, and throw back 
to Shang Fang and dear ones a sweet 

(Continued on Page 160.) 


The Missionary Visitor 




An incident in the life of Dr. Paul W. 
Harrison, of the Arabian Mission of the. 
Reformed Church, shows how a missionary 
may live out the Gospel of sacrifice which 
he proclaims. An Arab one day brought a 
child to him, suffering from a disease which 
required the transfusion of blood as the 
only hope of cure. Dr. Harrison asked the 
father if he would allow a vein in his own 
arm to be opened in order that his blood 
might be transmitted into the body of his 
child. His refusal was instant and final. 
Then Dr. Harrison quietly opened a vein 
in his own arm and gave the blood neces- 
sary to restore that child. The father ut- 
tered his amazement by declaring that he 
would not have done that for a house filled 
with gold. — Missionary Review of the 


The following letter, received by a mis- 
sionary in South India,' is typical of the 
mass movement toward Christianity: "Sir: 
We have been idolaters in accordance with 
our ancient custom. Now we have under- 
stood that there is no use in such wor- 
ship, and have therefore, resolved to turn 
to Christ. There is no mission working in 
this region. The Roman Catholics have 
visited us> but we have heard that there are 
some defects in their religion. We are 
farmers. We are very desirous of believ- 
ing in the Lord Jesus Christ. We, there- 
fore, beg you to come to us and preach to 
us (the helpless children of the devil) the 
Good Tidings, and turn us to the way of 
salvation. Hoping you will send us a com- 
forting promise. Signed by or on behalf 
of all the adult inhabitants of Ponnamanda." 
— Missionary Tidings. 

Rev. Gordon Poteat, going to China, ex- 
plains his purpose as follows: " The 
Standard Oil Company has adopted the 
slogan, ' Standard Oil tin in every village 
in the Orient'; the^American Tobacco Com- 
pany is using the motto, 'A cigarette in 
the mouth of every person in China'; so I, 
as a promoter of the Church of Jesus Christ, 
have taken the watchword, ' Christianity 
and its teachings in every hamlet within 
the boundaries of the Chinese Republic' " 
— The Missionary Review of the World. 


" Master, I have this day broken no law 

of the ten, have hurt no one. Is it enqugh? " 

" Child, there stood one by thy side bur- 

dened with heavy tasks of lowly, earthly la- 
bor. For a little help, a little easing of the 
burden, he looked straight to thee. Thou 
hadst time and strength." 

" Master, I did not see." 

" Thine eyes were turned within. There 
was an ignorant one crying from out his 
darkness: 'Will none teach me?' I have 
given thee knowledge." 

" Master, I did not hear." 

" Thine ear was dull. There came a guest 
to seek thy converse, a human friend in 
quest of fellowship. Why was thy heart 
not glad? " 

" I was reading. I hate to be disturbed, 
to be called from great thoughts to trifling 

" The children would have had thee some 
few moments in their play. Without thee 
they went wrong, how far wrong thou wilt 
not know. It is too late." 

" Child's play? But I was searching for 
a hidden truth of spiritual import." 

" Thou didst not turn aside to lift that 
lame one who had fallen by the way." 

" I was in haste to do what I had planned. 
I meant to help him when I should return." 

"Another lifted him. And shall I ques- 
tion further? " — Missionary Tidings. 


Wong Yie. 
It is hard indeed for a Chinaman to un- 
derstand this thing. I know from personal 
observation what fine men there are in the 
countries now at war. They see things or- 
dinarily in a very true light, but in this 
thing of war they seem to contradict them- 
selves in all other things. Now we know, 
after these nations are exhausted with 
strife, after millions of dollars of property 
have been destroyed, after innumerable 
men are killed, that there will be a con- 
gress called to treat over a settlement. The 
Chinese mind asks why not have this con- 
gress of reason before rather than after 
the fight. — Commercial Tribune. 

" In the East woman is deliberately ex- 
cluded from all the things that make the 
life of her husband or father or brother 
interesting and vital. The Hindu wife may 
not even eat with her husband, but must 
first serve him and then eat, often from her 
husband's plate, alone or with her children. 
In Africa there is no word for wife; it is 
just woman. And there is no word for 
home. It is even said that in China there 
is no word for home. In Korea the mar- 
ried woman has no name, and in the Ko- 
rean language there is no word for home or 


The Missionary Visitor 




In the February Visitor, World-wide, the 
$19.60 credited to Ralph B. Shade, Northern Iowa, 
should be credited to the Franklin County Con- 
gregation, instead. 

In March Visitor, World-Wide, Northern Indi- 
ana, the $4.00 credited to Willing Workers' Class, 
Pike Creek, should be credited to Willing Work- 
ers' Class, Pine Creek. 

During the month of February the General 
Mission Board sent out 150,892 pages of tracts. 

The Board acknowledges with pleasure the re- 
ceipt of the following donations to mission work 
during the month of February: 


Indiana — $308.15. 

Northern District, Sunday-school. 

Bethany, $ 100 00 

Class of Mrs. I. W. Jackson, First 

South Bend, 5 00 


Claude D. Ullery, $50; Jacob B. Neff. 
$5; Cyrus Steele (marriage notice), 50 

cents, 55 50 

Middle District, Congregation. 

Manchester, 68 55 


Spring Creek 75 00 


Vesta Myer, $2; Joseph Clingenpeel, 
35 cents; C. A. Wright (marriage no- 
tice), 50 cents; David Metzler (mar- 
riage notice), 50 cents; Estate of Eliz- 
abeth Metzger, 75 cents 4 10 

Pennsylvania — $282.31. 

Western District, Congregation. 

Manor, 8 10 


Reiman, 26 12 


Sam'l C. Johnson, $35; D. L. Miller, 
$12; Sarah A. Johnson, $1; I. G. Miller, 
$1.20; W. G. Schrock (marriage no- 
tice), 50 cents, 49 70 

Middle District, Congregations. 

Woodbury, $31.12; Hollidaysburg, 

$10 41 12 


John Snoberger, $6; Mrs. Hannah Pu- 
derbaugh, $3; Thos. Harden and Fam- 
ily, $1; F. E. Brubaker, $1; U. T. Stuck- 

ey, 75 cents, 11 75 

Eastern District, Congregations. 

Peach Blossom, $25; Big Swatara, 
$17.15; West Green Tree, $41.78; Hat- 
field, $16.34 ; Little Swatara, $20 120 27 


P. C. Geib, $1 ; Alice Mentzer, 50 cents, 1 50 

Southern District, Congregations. 

Carlisle, $6; Free Spring, Lost Creek, 

$1.50, 7 50 


Hampton, Upper Conewago, 2 00 

Class No. 2, Upper Conewago, 6 25 


M. O. Myers, $6; Wm. C. Koontz 

(marriage notice), 50 cents, 6 50 

Southeastern District, Individuals. 

Jacob Kopenhaver, $1; Geo. D. Kuns 

(marriage notice), 50 cents, 150 

Virginia— $179.51. » 

First District, Congregations. 

Peters Creek, $102.64; Troutville Con- 
gregation and Sunday-school, $22.97; 

Smiths Chapel, W. Va., $7.50, 133 11 


Mrs. A. M. Scaggs, $6; G. A. Moomaw, 

|3, 9 00 

Second District, Congregation. 

Summit, 17 75 

Class No. 1, Glade 5 16 


Sam'l Garber, $3; S. A. Garber, $1; 
S. T. Glick, $1; Chas. Shiery, $1; A 

Sister, Barren Ridge, $3.15, $ !) 1". 

Northern District, Individuals. 

Mary Smith, $1; H. R. Mowrey, $1; 

Sarah A. Kniceley, 50 cents, - "><) 

Southern District, Individual. 

L. A. Bowman (marriage notices), ... 1 50 

Eastern District, Individuals. 

E. E. Blough, 84 cents; Elizabeth Har- 

ley, 50 cents, 131 

Ohio— $174.15. 

Northwestern District. Congregations. 

Sugar Creek, $20; Fairview, $4.30, .. 24 30 


Bellefontaine 12 14 


J. E. Roberts. $1; J. L. Weaver (mar- 
riage notice) , 50 cents, 1 50 

Northeastern District, Congregation. 

Chippewa, 7 63 


Science Hill, Freeburg, 32 33 


Geo. H. Domer, $23; Geo. H. Irvin, 
$10.50; S. P. Berkebile (marriage no- 
tice) , 50 cents, 31 00 

Southern District, Congregations. 

Hickory Grove, $48; Painter Creek, 

$10 58 00 


Brother and Sister Chas. Ginger, $2.25; 
Emanuel Shank, $1.50; Cyrus Funder- 

burg (marriage notice), 50 cents, 1 L'l 

Kansas — $63.20. 

Northwestern District, Individual. 

Jacob Sloniker (marriage notice), ... 50 

Northeastern District, Individuals. 

S. J. Heckman, $40; Rosa Brown, 
$2.50; E. F. Sherfy (marriage notice), 50 

cents, 43 00 

Southwestern District, Congregation. 

Kansas Center, IS 70 


Mrs. Geo. Blondefield 1 00 

Illinois— $49.55. 

Northern District, Sunday-school. 

Pine Creek 25 00 


L. J. Gerdes, $5.50; John Weber, $5; 
E. P. Trostle, $5; Jennie Harley, $1.20; 
Ida Emmert. $1 ; Mr. and Mrs. Galen 
B. Royer, $1.50; E. Josephine Dickson, 
$1; Ezra Flory (marriage notice), 50 

cents ; A Sister, 85 cents, 21 55 

Southern District, Individual. 

Sam'l Goodman, $1; Fannie Bucher 
(marriage notice), 50 cents; A Christian, 

$1.50, 3 00 

Iowa— $37.20. 

Northern District, Individuals. 

W. H. Rutter, $5; W. C. Kimmel, $5; 
E. M. Lichty, $3; J. S. Hershberger, 

$1.50 14 50 

Middle District, Individuals. 

D. M. Austin, 50 cents; C. K. Burk- 
holder, 50 cents; J. D. Haughtelin, 
Coon River (marriage notice), 50 cents, 1 50 

Southern District, Individuals. 

Susanna Brown and Daughter, $20; 

Jacob Keffer, $1.20, 21 20 

Idaho— $34.79. 

Twin Falls, 27 29 


D. H. Hall, $5.50 ; L. Clanin, $2 7 50 

West Virginia— $23.30. 

First District, Congregations. 

Tearcoat, 18 00 


Josie Snufftr, $1.90; Annie V. Her- 


The Missionary Visitor 


shey, $1; Jennie Burgess, $1; Ella Rex- 
road, $1, $ 4 90 

Second District, Congregation. 

Mill Creek, 40 

Maryland — $15.85. 

Middle District, Individuals. 

Myrtle E. Kretzer, $1.35; Ada V. An- 

stower, 50 cents 1 85 

Eastern District, Congregation. 

Long Green Valley, 10 00 


Scott Y. Garner, $1; Laura E. Garner, 
$1; T. S. Fike, $1; Amos Wampler, $1, 4 00 

California — $14.00. 
Northern District, Individual. 

Abbie Miller, 5 00 

Southern District, Individuals. 

Edmund Forney, $3; Elizabeth For- 
ney, $3; Mrs. Pearl Hatfield, $2; Geo. 
PI. Bashor (marriage notice), 50 cents; 
W. F. England (marriage notice), 50 

cents, 9 00 

Missouri— $13.90. 

Middle District, Congregation. 

Mineral Creek, '. 1 50 


Effie Long, $5; Chas. L. Mohler, $5,.. 10 00 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 

Dry Fork, 2 40 

Washington — $11.80. 

Seattle, 8 45 

Christian Workers. 

Sunny Slope, Wenatchee, 3 35 

Michigan — $11.60. 

New Haven, 6 60 


Beaverton Primary, 5 00 

Canada — $10.90. 

Western District, Sunday-school. 

Sharon, 2 25 


Alonzo E. Cable, $7.65; Louisa Shaw, 

$1, 8 65 

Colorado — $2.50. 

Southeastern District, Congregation. 

Wiley, 2 50 

Tennessee — $2.00. 

Mrs. L. C. Klepper, $1 ; Lizzie V. Kee- 

ble, $1, 2 00 

Cuba— $1.00. » 


C. E. Wills, 1 00 

Nebraska— $1.00. 

Susana Smith, 1 00 

Arkansas — $0.25. 

Anna Fiant 25 

Total for the month, $ 1,236 96 

Previously received, 41,942 40 

For the year, $43,179 36 

Pennsylvania — $53.07. 

Western District, Individual. 

Mary A. Kinsey, $ 4 00 

Middle District, Congregations. 

Woodbury, $24.07 ; Everett, $15, 39 07 

Southern District, Aid Society. 

York, 10 00 

Virginia— $10.20. 

First District, Congregations. 

Bluefield, W. Va., $8.70; Smiths Chap- 
el, W. Va., $1.50, 10 20 

Illinois — $10.00. 

Northern District, Sunday-school. 

Elgin Primary, 10 00 

Missouri — $7.25. . 

Northern District, Sunday-school. 

North Bethel, $ 7 25 

Tennessee — $2.00. 

Pleasant View, 2 00 

Total for the month, $ 82 52 

Previously received, 1,219 94 

For the year, $ 1,302 46 


Pennsylvania— $128.00. 

Western District. 

Truth Seekers' Adult Bible Class, 

Elk Lick, $ 5.00 


Sallie Lichty, 5 00 

Eastern District, Congregation. 

Lititz, 30 00 


Indian Creek, 32 00 

Southern District, Individual. 

Bessie Rohrer, 16 00 

Southeastern District, Sunday-school. 

Parkerford Primary, 20 00 

Christian Workers. 

Parkerford, 20 00 

Illinois— $52.00. 

Northern District, Individual. 

A Sister, Yellow Creek, 52 00 

Indiana — $32.00. 

Northern District, Sunday-school. 

Bethany, 32 00 

Ohio— $20.00. 

Northwestern District, Individual. 

Lois Greenawalt, 20 00 

Washington— $20.00. 

E. C. Weimer, 20 00 

Missouri — $16.00. 

Middle District, Sunday-school. 

Prairie View, 16 00 

New Mexico — $5.00. 

Yeso, 5 00 

Kansas — $5.00. . 

Southwestern District, Individual. 

Clara T. Brandt, 5 00 

Virginia — $1.89. 

First District, Congregation. 

Oakvale, W. Va., 1 89 

Total for the month, $ 279 89 

Previously received, 2,453 95 

For the year, $ 2,733 84 


Pennsylvania — $262.92. 

Eastern District, Sunday-schools. 

Ephrata, $28.55; Kempers, Spring 
Grove, $4.70; Salunga, Mountville. $12.- 
41; Mountville, $21.02; Manor, $12.64; 
East Petersburg, Mountville, $10.71; 
Lititz, $18.68; Bareville, Conestoga, $18.- 
15; Earlville, Conestoga, $5.96; Rheems, 
West Green Tree. $21.16; Akron, $6.58; 
Reading, $10.36; Stonetown, Reading. $4; 
Shamokin, $8.20; Midway, $13.06; Skip- 
pack, Mingo, $10.90; Lebanon, Midway, 
$13.05; Newville, Elizabeth town, $5; 
Elizabethtown. $14.76; Stevens Hill, Eliz- 

abethtown, $2.41, $ 242 30 

Christian Workers. 

Midway, 3 62 

Inmates Brethren Home, West Con- 
estoga, 7 00 

Southeastern District, Congregation. 

First Philadelphia, 10 00 


The Missionary Visitor 


Indiana — $25.00. 

Northern District, Individual. 

Lizzie Texter $ 25 00 

Ohio— $21.25. 

Southern District, Classes. 

Old Men's Bible Class, Poplar Grove, 

$11.25; Ked River, Greenville, $10, 2125 

Illinois— $12.31. 

Northern District, Sunday-school. 

Hastings Street, Chicago 12 34 

California— $10.00. 

Northern District, Sunday-school. 

Lindsay, 10 00 

Total for the month, $ 33151 

Previously received, 932 10 

For the year, $ 1,263 61 

Virginia— $280.00. 

First District. 

Botetourt Memorial Missionary Cir- 
cle, $ 280 00 

Total for the month $ 280 00 

For the year, 280 00 


Maryland— $1.00. 

Middle District, Individual. 
A Sister $ 100 

Total for the month, $ 1 00 

Previously received, 90 00 

For the year, $ 91 00 


Tennessee — $6.00. 

French Broad $ 6 00 

Total for the month, $ 6 00 

Previously received, 311 90 

For the year, $ 317 90 


Pennsylvania — $25.00. 

Southern District, Aid Societies. 

Shippensburg, $5; York, $5, $ 10 00 

Southeastern District, Aid Societies. 

Geiger Memorial, $10; Parkerford, $5, 15 00 
Idaho— $5.00. 
Aid Society. 

Twin Falls, 5 00 

Indiana. — $5.00. 

Northern District, Aid Society. 

Goshen City, 5 00 

Total for the month j $ 35 00 

Previously received, 31 00 

For the year, $ 66 00 


Kansas — $33.50. 

Southwestern District, Sunday-school. 

Lamed, South Side, $ 33 50 

Indiana — $25.00. 

Middle District, Sunday-school. 

Flora, 25 00 

Pennsylvania — $11.00. 

Southern District, Aid Society. 

York, 10 00 

Southeastern District, Individual. 

Henry P. Stauffer, Parkerford, 1 00 

Illinois — $10.00. 

Northern District, Sunday-school. 

Elgin Primary, 10 00 

Oregon — $10.00. 

Mr. and Mrs. Will Carl, . v 10 00 

Missouri — $7.25. 

Northern District, Sunday-school. 

North Bethel, $ 7 25 

Washing-ton — $2.00. 

Dora Adams, 2 00 

Total for the month $ 98 75 

Previously received, 501 94 

For the year, $ 600 69 


California — $22.00. 

Northern District, Sunday-school. 

Raisin City Primary, $ 22 00 

Colorado — $19.50. 

Western District, Sunday-school. 

First Grand Valley 19 50 

Ohio— $19.27. 

Northwestern District, Sunday-school. 

Baker, 19 27 

Total for the month, $ 60 77 

Previously received 881 79 

For the year $ 942 56 


Iowa— $128.15. 

Northern District, Christian Workers. 

Waterloo City, $ 100 00 


Sunshine, Ivester, 18 15 

Middle District, Christian Workers. 

Dallas Center, 10 00 

North Dakota. — $45.50. 

Cando, Zion, 23 00 


Mrs. Jos. Burns 22 50 

Indiana — $10.00. 
Southern District. 

Sister Josiah Brower 10 00 

Illinois— $5.00. 

Northern District, Individual. 

Maurice M. Cluts 5 00 

Oklahoma. — $5.00. 

Haven and Minnie Hutchison 5 00 

Ohio— $1.00. 

Southern District, Individual. 

Sara Bigler, 1 00 

Total for the month $ 194 65 

Previously received, 826 42 

For the year, 1,021 07 


Illinois — $6.16. 

Northern District, Sunday-school. 

Hastings Street, Chicago, 6 16 

Pennsylvania — $5.00. 

Southern District, Aid Society. 

York, 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 1116 

Previously received, 219 50 

For the year, $ 230 66 

Illinois— $6.17. 

Northern District, Sunday-school. 
Hastings Street, Chicago, $ 6 17 

Idaho— $5.00. 

Aid Society. 

Twin Falls, 5 00 

Total for the month $ 1117 

Previously received, 251 36 

For the year $ 262 53 


The Missionary Visitor 



Illinois— $100.00. 

Northern District, Individual. 

Ralph Miller $ 100 00 

Pennsylvania — $100.00. 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Antietam „ 100 00 

Total for the month, $ 200 00 

Previously received, 31 50 

For the year 231 50 


Pennsylvania — $100.00. 

Southern District, Congregation. 
Antietam, $ 100 00 

Total for the month, $ 100 00 

Previously received, 6 50 

For the year, 106 50 

Washington— $2.00. 

C. B. Inks, $ 2.00 

Kansas — $2.00. 

Northeastern District, Individual. 

C. W. Larson, 2 00 

Total for the month, $ 4 00 

Previously received 337 25 

For the year, < $ 341 25 


Pennsylvania— $203.00. 

Western District, Individual. 

C. C. Weaver $ 6 00 

Middle District, Individual. 

A Sister, 5 00 

Eastern District, Congregation. 

Springville, 19 00 

Southern District, Congregation. 

York, 156 00 

Aid Society. 

York, 10 00 

Faithful Missionaries' Band, 5 00 

Southeastern District, Individual. 

Henry P. Staufter, Parkerford, 2 00 

Minnesota — $26.10. 

Root River, $ 26 10 

Indiana— $15.00. 

Northern District, Sunday-school. 

Wawaka, 15 00 

Ohio— $10.00. 

Northeastern District, Individuals. 

Anna S. Leeser, $1; E. L. Longa- 
necker, $1 ; A Brother and Sister, $5, . . 7 00 

Southern District, Individual. 

J. E. Etter, 3 00 

Idaho— $10.00. 
Aid Society. 

Twin Falls 10 00 

Nebraska — $9.26. 

Mrs. Hiram Miller, 9 26 

Louisiana — $5.00. 

Mr. and Mrs. J. S. Metzger, 5 00 

North Carolina — $5.00. 

Miss L. C. Rodeffer, 5 00 

Michigan— $5.00. 

Beaverton Primary, 5 00 

Virginia— $4.25. 
Northern District. 

Class No. 3, Sunny Side, 4 25 

Washington — $1.00. 

Dora Adams, 1 00 

Kansas — $1.00. 

Southeastern District, Individual. 

A. B. Lichtenwalter, 1 00 

Total for the month, $ 294 61 

Previously received, 3,345 28 

For the year $ 3,639 89 


(Continued from Page 155.) 

kiss " on one of her little fingers." She 
has thrown off her suffering body and 
walks in angelic light. Truly it is her 
resurrection morning. 

The morning sun breaks over the hills 
of Liao Chou to find in a home there 
feelings of deepest sadness mingled with 
those of great joy. For little Esther, 
broken-hearted and weeping over the 
death of her playmate sister, has heard 
the still small voice and expresses her 
feelings, " Mama, Cathryn was taken so 
that I would be a Christian. I can not 
be happy until I am baptized." It is 
four o'clock in the afternoon of the 
same day that Cathryn has gone to 
heaven. The waters are arranged and 
Esther and Leland Brubaker are buried 
in baptism. They are so happy, for they 
have put off the old man and put on the 
new. It likewise is their spiritual resur- 

And this is how the sorrow and an- 
guish of the tomb, and the joys of res- 
urrection came to that far-away Chinese 
town. Cathryn has entered her heaven- 
ly home, to be with Jesus in the city 
where " the streets are full of little boys 
and girls playing in the streets thereof." 
Esther and Leland have given their 
hearts to Jesus, to live and work for 
Him. Truly there is joy in heaven in 
the welcome extended to these little 
sisters, and the angels minister unto the 
sad parents in their bereavement and 


Howard's father gave him a quarter and 
a dime on Sunday morning, telling him to 
put the one on the contribution plate and 
he might keep the other for his own use. 
After the service he was asked which coin 
he gave. He replied: "I gave the dime. I 
did feel at first that I ought to give the 
quarter, but, just in time, I remembered 
that the Bible says, "The Lord loveth a 
cheerful giver,' and then I found it much 
easier to give the dime." 

General Mission Board 

of the Church of the Brethren 


D. L. MILLER, Mt. Morris, 111., Life Advisory Member. 

H. C. EARLY, Penn Laird, Va. 

CHAS. D. BONSACK, New Windsor, Md. 

J. J. YODER, McPherson, Kans. 

GALEN B. ROYER, Elgin, 111. 

OTHO WINGER, North Manchester, Ind. 


H. C. EARLY, Chairman. 

CHAS. D. BONSACK, Vice-Chairman. GALEN B. ROYER, Secretary-Treasurer. 

J. H. B. WILLIAMS, Ass't Secretary and Editor the Missionary Visitor. 



Wine, A. F., Aagade 26, 2 Sal, Aalborg, Denmark 

Wine, Attie C Aagade 26, 2 Sal, Aalborg, Denmark 


Buckingham, Ida, Friisgatan No. 2, Malmo, Sweden 

Gray bill, J. F Friisgatan No. 2, Malmb, Sweden 

Graybill, Alice M., Friisgatan No. 2, Malmo, Sweden 


Blough, Anna V. Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Bright J. Homer, Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Bright, Minnie, Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Brubaker, Dr. O. G., Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Brubaker, Cora M Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Crumpacker, F. H. (on furlough), Care Gen. Miss. Board, Elgin, 111. 

Crumpacker, Anna N. (on furlough), Care Gen. Miss. Board, Elgin, 111. 

Cripe, Winnie, Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Flory, Raymond C Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Flory, Lizzie N., , Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Horning, Emma Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Hutchison, Anna Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Metzger, Minerva : Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Rider, Bessie M., Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Senger, Nettie M., Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Vaniman, Ernest D., Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Vaniman, Susie C, Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Wampler, Dr. Fred J., Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Wampler, Rebecca S Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 


Arnold, S. Ira Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Arnold, Elizabeth, Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Blough, J. M., Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Blough, Anna Z., Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Cottrell, Dr. A. Raymond, Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Cottrell, Dr. Laura M., • Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Ebey, Adam, Karadoho, via Dahanu, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Ebey, Alice K., Karadoho, via Dahanu, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Emmert, Jesse B Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India 

Emmert, Gertrude R., Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India 

Eby, E. H. (on furlough) 122 N. 76th St., Seattle, Wash. 

Eby, Mrs. Emma H. (on furlough), 122 N. 76th St., Seattle, Wash. 

Eby, Anna M., Dahanu, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Himmelsbaugh, Ida (on furlough), 200 6th Ave., Altoona, Pa. 

Holsopple, Q. A., Umalla Village, B. B. C. I. R. R., via Anklesvar, India 

Holsopple, Kathren R., Umalla Village, B. B. C. I. R. R., via Anklesvar, India 

Kay lor, John I., Vada, Thana Dist., India 

Kay lor, Rosa, Vada, Thana Dist., India 

Lichty, Daniel J., Umalla Village, B. B. C. I. R. R., via Anklesvar, India 

Lichty, Nora A., Umalla Village, B. B. C. I. R. R., via Anklesvar, India 

Long, I. S., Vyara, Surat Dist., India 

Long, Effie V Vyara, Surat Dist., India 

Miller, Eliza B. (on furlough) R. F. D. 2, Waterloo, Iowa 

Miller, Sadie J Vyara, Surat Dist., India 

Nickey, Dr. Barbara M., Vyara, Surat Dist., India 

Pittenger, J. M., Ahwa, Dangs Forest, via Bilimora, India 

Pittenger, Florence B., Ahwa, Dangs Forest, via Bilimora, India 

Powell, Josephine, Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Royer, B. Mary Dahanu, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Ross, A. W., Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Ross, Mrs. A. W., : Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Stover, W. B Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Stover, Mrs. W. B Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Shumaker, Ida C, Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Widdowson, Olive Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Ziegler, Kathryn (on furlough) , Royersford, Pa. 

Postage on letters to our missionaries is 5c for each ounce or fraction thereof and 3c for 
each additional ounce or fraction. 

Are You Realizing a Fair 
Income on Your Money? 

Is your farm paying you a profit, in any- 
wise commensurate with the amount of 
money you have invested in it? 

your desire to invest in institutions or properties that may wonderfully 
enhance in value, or have you arrived at that period of life or that con- 
dition of independence where you wish your money to earn you a fair 
rate of interest, with a sure and steady income? 

If You Desire a Certain Rate of Income, — An Income as Large as You 

Can Reasonably Expect Your Money to Earn You, — Why Not 

Investigate More Fully the Details of Our Annuity Plan? 

Our Annuity Plan has stood the test of YEARS. 
Our Annuitants all vote in its favor. 

Worth Your Consideration 

The wisest provision for 
old age is the investment of 
funds, when still in good 
health, in an institution that 
has stood the test of years, 
which has a clean record, a 
substantial standing, stabili- 
ty of assets, a specified in- 
come commensurate with the 
fair earning power of money; 
and which promises, with the 
above requirements, the min- 
imum of worry, trouble and 

The following amounts have been 
paid by us in annuities since the 
plan was inaugurated in 1896 

1897 $ 1,501.76 

1898 4,081.49 

1899 4,889.61 

1900 . ■. 5,536.77 

1901 7,111.92 

1902 8,097.74 

1903 10,204.24 

1904 11,560.26 

1905 . ., 12,871.08 

1906 13,248.00 

1907 15,073.63' 

1908 15,813.66 

1909 15,802.93 

1910 17,513.69 

1911 , 19,255.82 

1912 21,320.15 

1913 23,621.71 

1914 „ 26,717.86 

1915 31,360.72 

Total $265,583.04 

Some Advantages of Our Annuity Plan 

Your investment is secure. 
There is no trouble in collections. 
No loss of time in the investment. 
No depreciation of investment. 
Income is sure. No taxes. 

You are your own executor. 
No speculation in investment. 
Your money is invested in first 

mortgages on farm real estate. 
Provision is made for old age. 

Your investment assists in carrying the Gospel to the whole world. 

The plan through which you invest with us is easy. A postcard in- 
quiry will reveal it all to you. 

Are you interested? 

General Mission Board 

Why not write us? 

Elgin, Illinois 


roi. xvm 

No. 5 

Qftal QjtU It firnftt? 

OUPPOSE I have spread a network of rail- 
*^ roads, or built canals, that have spanned a 
continent; suppose I have erected great struc- 
tures having to do with human arts and in- 
dustries, and have accelerated the progress of 
the race in civilization; and yet have done 
nothing to provide men with "bags which 
wax not old, a treasure in the heavens that 
faileth not, where no thief approacheth, neither 
moth corrupteth"; what will be my feelings in 
the eternal state, when this world, with all its 
triumphs of art and industry and commercial 
enterprise, shall be burned up; ... when I 
behold millions upon millions of the human 
race standing before the bar of God to receive 
the sentence of final destiny, and remember, 
that not one soul in all the millions of the saved 
I have brought to a knowledge of Chtist, and not 
one soul in all the millions of the lost I have 
turned away from the absorbing devotion to the 
things that perish ? 

The Missionary Visitor 




The subscription price is included in EACH donation of a dollar or more to the 
General Board, either direct or thru any congregational collection, provided the 
dollar or more is given by one individual and in no way combined with another's 
gift. Different members of the same family may each give a dollar or more, and 
extra subscriptions, thus secured, may upon request be sent to persons who they 
know will be interested in reading the Visitor. 

Ministers. In consideration of their services to the church, influence in assist- 
ing the Committee to raise missionary money, and upon their request .annually, 
the Visitor will be sent to ministers of the Church of the Brethren. 

Foreign postage, 15 cents additional to all foreign countries including Canada. 
Subscriptions discontinued at expiration of time. 

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Entered as second class matter at the postofflce at Elgin, Illinois. 

Contents for May, 1916 



The Pastor as a Missionary Leader, By I. C. Suavely, 165 

How We Reached the Standard of Self-support at Akron, Ohio, JBy A. 
F. Shriver, 167 

i Practical Missionary Cooperation of Our Aid Societies, By Mrs. Levi 

Minnich, 169 

How We Did It, By Several Brethren, 170 

A Missionary's Letter to Her Brother in School, 174 

" Possess the Land," By^ J. F. Graybill, 1.75 

An Appeal, From the Ping Ting Church, ... 177 

Where Are the Men? By Fred j. Wampler, 178 

Notes from China for February, By Winnie E. Cripe, . . 178 

India Notes, By Q. A. Holsopple, 180 

Need for Specially Prepared Workers, By I. S. Long, 180 

The Georgia Mission, By O. F. Helm, 183 

East Nimishillen Study Class, By Mrs. Edson W. Wolf . 184 

The Prayer Hour, By C. A. Wright, 187 


A Problem, By Juniata Band, 185 

A Word from United Student Volunteers of Bethany, By the Bethany 

Band, .". '.185 

Find Your Place, By E. S. M 186 



The Missionary Visitor 

Volume XVIII MAY, 1916 Number 5 


How swiftly the days roll into years, and these Conference 
pleasures return! Passing years leave their records and we of the 
present must be concerned with plans for the future. ! 

Our missions have prospered during the past year, as the annual \ 
report soon to be published will show. Souls have been saved, more J 
compact organizations effected, new fields explored, spiritual life J 
deepened, educational activities broadened, medical work made perma- 
nent, and, reflexly, the interest of the home base quickened through it all. 

The conflagration in Europe, the impending dangers near our own j 
boundaries, the wars and rumors of wars, must not detract from the 
scheme of world-wide evangelization if any influence that the Church ! 
of the Brethren can bring to bear upon the issue will help it. Indeed, ! 
when other missionary agencies are suffering the losses of missionary j 
lives, native converts, mission equipment abroad and missionary revenues 
at home, it is the time of all times when the favored churches of America 
should respond to this tremendous appeal, to do more than they have 
ever done to assist in conserving the influence of missions on foreign ! 

We therefore come to you, dear brethren and sisters, as friends to 
our work, with the urgent request that you assist us at this Conference 
time. We are pleased to report that our fiscal year closed Feb. 20, 1016, 
with a balance on hand of over $2,000. Last year there was almost a j 
$2,000 deficit. But during the year just closing only two missionaries 
sailed for the field. We are hoping that a much larger number will go 
this year. Let us contemplate their going by making our Conference 
offering this year sufficiently large as to seem, in an overwhelming man- 
ner, to justify their being sent. i 

We would therefore recommend that our churches set apart Sun- 
day, May 21, 1016, as a special day on which our entire Brotherhood 
may center their efforts in behalf of World-Wide Missions. Let special 
missionary sermons be preached on that day and offerings be lifted to 
be carried up to Conference. If some other day seems more suitable 
to any church, do that which seems wisest. 

We appreciate your efforts of the past, for indeed without them our \ 
church could not have won its victories. Assured in advance of your 
splendid response, we are, 

In His Service, j 

General Mission Board. ! 



The Missionary Visitor 



Are there any members in your con- 
gregation, reader, who by profession 
and action have no interest in missions? 
If there are, of what constructive value 
are they to your church? Are they 
known by their spiritual lives ? 

It is always interesting to note the 
things that most attract church mem- 
bers who profess to have no interest in 
missions. Certainly the Bible can not 
attract them, for the Bible is a Mission- 
ary Book and is our authority for es- 
tablishing missions. 

The most charitable view to take of 
those who are not interested in mission- 
ary work is that they are ignorant of 
God's great plan and are unintentional- 
ly disobedient to His earnest entreaties. 
But ignorance is inexcusable and diso- 
bedience is wilful. Ignorance about 
some things may be blissful, but with 
regard to the extension of the kingdom 
it becomes in itself not only rank diso- 
bedience, but also constitutes a denial of 
the Lord Jesus Christ. 

Let us pray that the Lord will raise up 
among us a host of missionaries for 
Christ's sake, rather than allow a host 
of financiers to be raised for self's sake. 
Nothing so shrivels the soul for self- 
sacrificing work for the Master as an 
overgrowth of conceit in one's heart in 
thinking one's self to be a good financier. 

There are many Christians who ap- 
pease their consciences by considering 
themselves to be making money for the 
Lord, but who wind up their year's ac- 
counts by keeping practically all they 
have made for themselves. Strange ac- 
counting it is, but true nevertheless. 

And dare we say that there are even 
many of our Student Volunteers who 

fall into this same snare of thinking that 
the Lord can best be served by them in 
the seat of the money changer? Nothing 
so deludes, so leads astray, and so de- 
stroys the purest motives of the young 
volunteer as the financial mirage. 

True it is that financiers have their 
place in the program of God, but His 
plan in calling the young man or woman 
to volunteer for service " at any time, 
in any place and at any cost," means life, 
not money; means the investment of 
one's self, not one's gold. We wish we 
could make this plainer, for something 
is happening to the ranks of our volun- 

We know that our Brotherhood will 
rejoice with us over the announcement 
that our fiscal year, closing Feb. 29, 
1916, found us with a balance on hand 
of $2,023.86. Last year we faced a de- 
ficit of nearly $2,000. Our income for 
missions last year was $131,267.99, as 
against $115,983.17 the preceding year. 

We are glad to report that Bro. D. L. 
Miller is again able to be out of the 
house and able to go about the streets 
of Mt. Morris. Certainly it is an evi- 
dence of God's special favor that he is 
thus again being restored to health. 

During the last quarter of 1916 Dr. 
O. G. Brubaker, Liao Chou, China, had 
1,454 calls at his dispensary for treat- 
ment. His work is just beginning in 
full earnest. 

The American Bible Society will round 
out a century of usefulness on May 8, 
1916. An elaborate celebration of this 
event is being planned, to be held in 
New York City on that date. The 
record of this society is most gratifying. 
During the century it has been the .in- 

Ma v 


The Missionary Visitor 


strument of circulating over 115,000,000 
copies of the Scriptures. In this period 
it has spent more than $38,000,000. Its 
work is being prosecuted on five con- 
tinents and in the islands of the seven 
seas. Through this society a Bible can 
be had for seventeen cents, a Testament 
for five cents, and a Gospel for one cent. 
John R. Mott says of the society : " It 
undergirds and strengthens all other or- 
I ganizations and movements in our all- 
embracing Christianity." 

The Bethlehem, Antioch and Brick 
Church congregation of Franklin Coun- 
ty, Va., have subscribed $300 to support 
a missionary on the foreign field. 

The Sterling (Ohio) Sunday-school 
possessess a fund from which dimes are 
loaned to the scholars to invest in some 
way for mission work. When the prof- 
its are all gathered in the principal is 
kept in the school and the remainder is 
given for work for the Lord. This 
year they have sent us in $17 for the 
Italian Mission work, at Brooklyn, N. 

A sister has written to us, stating that 
she desires to do something on the for- 
eign field as a fitting memorial for her 
husband, who has been called to his re- 
ward. Among the various things men- 
tioned to her is a school on one of our 
mission fields, to cost $2,500. Interest 
is being quickened in this kind of work. 

Recently we received from a widow 
sister in one of our Eastern States a 
gift of $200 on the annuity plan. This 
sister is young, with a family to sup- 
port, and not well blessed with this 
world's goods. But her husband de- 
sired to do something for missions and 
she shares in his desire, and this money 
is given as a memorial to him. More 
fitting this is, surely, than if the amount 
had been spent to mark the place where 

he lies. For through the income there 
may be brought forth from the death 
of sin in the years to follow many souls 
to meet him in the judgment. 

What shall our Conference offering 
total this year? This question begins to 
assert itself, and we trust that our loyal 
supporters throughout the Brotherhood 
are thinking the same thing. We feel 
sure that if all members of the church 
will take an interest in this great cause, 
giving as the Lord has blessed them, and 
increasing their offerings over that of 
one year ago, we shall have a great of- 
fering. If those 300 churches that 
failed to give last year will lift an of- 
fering for our Conference Missionary 
Day, and all the others that gave last 
year continue to do so, we shall receive 
the largest amount in our history. The 
large total will come best when all help 
as they can. 

To Bro. Cassady, pastor at Hunting- 
don, Pa., has come an exceptional op- 
portunity for Christian service. Pos- 
sibly we do not have another minister in 
the Brotherhood whose privilege it is 
to speak to so large a congregation. 
Through a special arrangement made 
with him by Bro. J. M. Fogelsanger, 
Philadelphia, publisher of New Ideas, 
a monthly magazine, he preaches a ser- 
mon in every issue of that paper to its 
million subscribers. Multiply this num- 
ber by three or four as readers and you 
have a wonderful audience to whom he 
preaches — about as many as came out of 
Egypt with Moses. 

Nor is the audience without appreci- 
ation. Bro. Cassady's mail bag contains 
letters from all over the country, telling 
in some instances of conversions 
wrought through these sermons, while 
many testify that they have been helped 
in their Christian life. These sermons, 
delivered in Bro. Cassady's characteris- 
tic manner, are sledge-hammer blows 
against iniquity. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Should anyone be interested in re- 
ceiving this magazine, or should he de- 
sire his friends to receive the same, it 
can be secured for 10 cents per year, 
or ten subscriptions for $1. The Vis- 
itor editor is sure that Bro. J. H. Cas- 
sady, Huntingdon, Pa., will be pleased 
to forward to the publisher any sub- 
scriptions that may come from our read- 
ers for the magazine. 

Forty thousand persons were re- 
fused baptism by the Methodist Epis- 
copal workers in India last year, and 
150,000 inquirers were put off. Our 
workers also are confronted with the 
same situation. When will the church 
in America awaken to this call which 
must go unheeded? It would look as 

though the emphasis of our prayers 
should be placed on the need of work- 
ers, not that the Lord may whiten the 

It is said that Dr. Wanless, a medical 
missionary in India, has within one year 
performed twice as many operations as 
the total performed in all the govern- 
ment hospitals within a radius of 250 
miles from Miraj, where his hospital is 

We have a number of missionaries 
now on the field whom we can assign to 
anyone who may wish to support them. 
Some of those who have supported them 
in the past have found it impossible to 
continue this assistance. 

Kfliaious Tcjcscopo. 

First C&nv&sser: Why, Mess me,Bill,if they 

didn't crawl through! -Shall 
we tnake the mesh smaller? 
Second Canvasser: Ho. Any man so small as 
that isn't worth $oiug after," 


The Missionary Visitor 



I. C. Snavely. 

THE church is the only means that 
Jesus has for bringing the good 
news to every creature. This is 
the supreme thing God had in mind in 
having an organization in the world. To 
see this as the only work of the church 
to be done will give every member of 
that institution such an incentive to 
work that the great goal for which it 
was established will be reached. 

To have this majestic conception of 
the work of the church will cause every 
one to launch forth with such zeal that 
those who do not feel the warm rays of 
her influence will do so, and such re- 
joicing will take place as we have never 
seen in our day. 

It is this that set the apostolic church 
aglow with the desire to witness for 
the Lord. They were emptied of self, 
and were filled with the Holy Spirit. 
They had a real message to tell, and 
wanted other people to have it, and knew 
that they were unsaved without it. Too 
many good-meaning people have not yet 
awakened to the realization that only in 
the name of Jesus will men be saved. 
How many people pass us every day, 
who we know are not Christians, and 
yet we never speak to them of their 
salvation ! 

This blinding of the Christian to the 
real purpose of the church is Satan's 
way of frustrating the work of the Lord. 

How many there are in each com- 
munity where there is a church, who 
have never been made to feel that the 
church was for them ! Many of them 
might be brought into touch with the 
Lord if once the local church would 
awaken to her real mission. What an 
opportunity for the organized Sunday- 
school class, the Christian Workers' 
Meeting, the Sunday-school, and. every 
member of the church to do some real 
personal work in every locality ! 

When our churches here in the home- 
land realize a real quickening of the 
Holy Spirit we shall be able to see the 
many souls that are around us to be 
garnered for the Lord. 

Let us know that we are saved for 
service, and that the Lord is ours and 
we are His, because He has promised 
and we have believed, and we will go 
forward with a real experience to tell 
the world. The world will rejoice with 
the news that we have to bring, and 
those within will rejoice, and the Lord 
will be glorified. 

The churches in the homeland have a 
large field to work, and much will be 
lost if they fail to do their duty. When 
we read what many native churches are 
doing among those that have been 
gathered into the fold of those of the 
foreign land we can not help feeling that 
many of the home churches are not 
awake to the needs of the work the 
Lord has for them to do. 

But before all the foregoing work 
can be accomplished there needs to be 
some one who has viewed the field, and 
the forces, and who is able to organize 
them into a working body, and give them 
the training that they need to go forth 
and take the community for the Lord 
and make the church's influence felt for 
good. This is the work of the pastor, 
who should know the needs of the com- 
munity and be able to understand the 
working ability and the adaptability of 
the church. The minister who has been 
forced to make his own living and se- 
cure his farm or home by day labor, 
rear a family, and in many cases pay 
more than his share of the church's ex- 
penses, has been seriously handicapped 
in organizing the forces and setting them 
in their proper places of w r ork, and the 
church has in many ways suffered be- 
cause of it. But of the churches who 


The Missionary Visitor 


are supporting their minister, we have 
reason to expect that the work will be 
better cared for in the future than in 
the past. 

One of the things that will take the 
pastor's time is the training of workers 
who will be able to be his helpers in the 

No pastor who has been anointed by 
the Holy Spirit can fail to see his place 
as a leader, by teaching and life, of the 
great spiritual force called the church. 

The church ought to be able quickly 
to discern this as the one essential qual- 
ity of the pastor and rally to his call as 
a leader. 

We as a church are today sadly in 
need of a revival of the Pentecostal 
spirit in the surrender of material 
things, realizing that we are only stew- 
ards of the things the Lord has in- 
trusted to our hands. When this is 
taught to the church, as many other 
cardinal doctrines have been, by the pas- 
tor, we will see the church practicing 
this as well as any other teaching. 

Let our ministers make a careful 
study of the New Testament teaching 
on the subject of money and bring it to 
their congregations in a thorough, tactful 
way, and response will follow. Too 
many of our ministers have not been 
practicing the gospel of giving, and are 
lacking in courage to bring it to their 
congregations. Thus, with the increase 
of the church membership, we have seen 
a lack in the growth of the spirit of 

A pastor is not a true missionary lead- 
er of the church forces until he has im- 
bibed the spirit of stewardship in both 
his teaching and life, willing to count 
himself the Lord's in every way. Such 
a one will not fail to teach the true mes- 
sage of the New Testament on the sub- 
ject of the consecration of money, sim- 
ply because he himself is being support- 
ed by the church. No man should feel 
any more timid to teach on this sub- 
ject, even though it might concern the 
supported ministry, than on any other 

The fact that some, both minister and 
people, object to the practice of giving, 
indicates where Satan's seat is, as far as 
they are concerned, and they will need 
to conquer by the Holy Spirit's power 
or they will be led into the depth of 
covetousness, which is classed with the 
blackest sins of the New Testament. 
This is Satan's way of keeping the 
church from seeing the ideal that the 
Lord had in mind when He sent the 
church forth. 

Let every minister and every worker 
come to the Lord of the harvest, Who 
views every fieM and its needs, and pray 
that He will lead us as ministers to see 
our duty in leading the church to vic- 
tory, and to so give them the truth that 
it will bring conviction to our congrega- 
tions. Then they will make a joyful 
surrender of their lives and goods, and 
God's kingdom will be rapidly extended, 
to the glory of His name. 


I would be joyful as my days go by, 
Counting God's mercies to me. He Who bore 
Life's heaviest cross is mine for evermore; 
And, I who wait His coming, shall not I 
On His sure Word rely? 

So, if sometimes the way be rough, and sleep 
Be heavy for the grief He sends to me, 
Or at my waking I would only weep — 
Let me be mindful that these things must be, 
To work His blessed will until He come 
And take my hand and lead me safely home. 

—Anson D, F. Randolph. 


The Missionary Visitor 



A. F. Shriver. 

In our March editorials we asked for the 
names of any city congregations in our 
Brotherhood that have been started within 
the last ten years and are self-supporting. 
'We are pleased to record the name of the 
Akron congregation, Ohio, Bro. A. F. 
Shriver, pastor. Mission work was begun 
in the city of Akron in April, 1909, and on 
Sept. 1 the church undertook the support 
of the pastor and has been able to do so 
since that time. — Ed. 

UNDER the direction of the Home 
Mission Board of the North- 
eastern District of Ohio the 
writer and his family moved to Akron in 
the spring of 1909 to take up mission 
work in that city. Prior to this time 
Sunday-school and preaching services 
were held to some extent in private 
homes, but no one was stationed here 
to give his entire time to the work. We 
found forty-six members, and while 
some of these were not very active in 
the work, there were others here who 
were not only hungry but anxious to 
labor for the Master. 

We spent the first year in a building 
containing a storeroom and living rooms. 
The storeroom was used for an audience 
room. Before the year had passed the 
Mission Board thought that the outlook 
for permanent work was bright enough 
to purchase a lot with the expectation 
of erecting a church in the near future. 
On this lot was a dwelling house. This 
served as a home for the mission work- 
ers and also as a place of worship from 
April 4, 1910, till Jan. 21, 1912, when 
the new church w r as dedicated. The 
dwelling had been moved to the rear of 
the lot and the church was erected in 
the front. The expense of supporting 
the workers, the purchasing of the lot, 
and the erection of the church building 
was borne almost entirely by the faithful 
brethren and sisters of the District, un- 
der the direction of the Mission Board. 

Sisters Iva Brubaker and Amanda Sur- 
bey assisted in the work for several 
months when it was first started. Sis- 
ter Emma Rohrer followed and gave 
five years of service to the work. Sis- 

Akron Church, Ohio. 

ter Evalett Stuver is now engaged as 
mission worker. These sisters have 
given faithful service to the cause. 
Their support has been given them by 
the District. So far as the running ex- 
penses of the church and the support of 
the pastor are concerned, the church has 
borne that part of the work since Oct. 
1, 1913. The outlook for the future 
along this line is bright. 

Just how we reached the standard of 
self-support can not be described as 
vividly as it was experienced. The 
question, "How was it done?" can be 
answered briefly by stating that it was 
done through praying, having visions, 
planning, and working our plans. 

The church was organized Sept. 8, 
1910. One of the provisions of the con- 
stitution w r as that the members should 
give as the Lord prospered them. We 
desired to have the members keep this 
teaching in mind. 

When we began to lay our plans for 
self-support we had about one hundred 
and twenty members. Some of these 
were in poor circumstances financially, 


The Missionary Visitor 


but most of them were working to pay 
for a home in which they had invested, 
or were accumulating money which they 
expected to invest in a home. 

In talking over the work the Financial 
Board did not only consider the number 
and financial standing of the members, 
but they estimated that between one 
thousand and twelve hundred dollars 
would be needed to carry on the work. 
I can not recall now the exact figures, 
but we will use the following as an il- 
lustration of ho\y we proceeded to ac- 
complish the work: 

Per Per 

week month 

10 members who would give 25c or $10.00 

15 " " " " 20c or 12.00 

20 " " " " 15c or 12.00 

25 " " " " 10c or 10.00 

30 " " * « 5c or 6.00 

We made an allowance for twenty 
members from whom we might not re- 
ceive anything, because of their financial 
standing. With due respect to all of the 
members of the Akron church I wish to 
state that some of our most faithful 
givers were not rich in this world's 
goods. A system like the above would 
bring into the treasury fifty dollars per 
month, or about six hundred dollars per 
year. Our Sunday-school offerings 
averaged about five dollars per Sunday, 
or two hundred and fifty dollars per 
year. We believed we could depend on 
receiving this eight hundred and fifty 
dollars. We believed that more would 
be raised, and with the Mission Board 
back of us we felt as though we would 
like to undertake the support of the 
pastor and the expenses of the church. 
, The last Sunday of each month is 
known as our Missionary Sunday. We 
lift an offering at that time, and receive 
the money that has been laid by each 
week and the money that is given with- 
out any system. The envelope system is 
used. Quite a number use these, but 
there are others who do not, yet they 
give systematically. 

We can not think of closing this ar- 
ticle without emphasizing several points 

that need emphasis. Jefferson said, 
" Eternal vigilance is the price of liber- 
ty." That is the price many of our 
business men are paying for their suc- 
cess. Can we expect our church work 
to succeed at a price less than that ? 

If the church treasurer is the only 
man in the church who is having visions 
there is something wrong with the 
church somewhere. Every growing 
church must have larger visions, and 
those visions must be the possession o£ 
all the members. 

Every church ought to have immedi- 
ate and remote aims. Our remote aims 
we may not be able to make real for five 
or ten years, but the immediate ones 
are those possible of reaching in a month 
or six months or a year. Because we 
can not reach what we aim at, and 
which will take several years to accom- 
plish, we must not dismiss from our 
minds the things that can be accom- 
plished now. Our Missionary Commit- 
tee has arranged for the following of- 
ferings, to be taken at times that will 
not either precede or follow our regular 
monthly offerings. The offerings are 
one for the Home Mission Board, one 
for the General Temperance Committee, 
one for Annual Meeting, one for the 
Sunday School Board, one for the 
Christian Workers' organization, and 
one for an India orphan. 

Our work in Akron is not what we 
want it to be, but as we look back over 
the past seven years we can see that 
something has been accomplished for 
the Lord. The Sisters' Aid Society has 
been no small factor in helping to bear 
the financial burdens of the church. 

Some one has said that there are three 
things that we ought to aim at. 1. More 
work. 2. Better work. 3. Get more at 
it. When we think of the needs of the 
field we think our work has been poorly 
done, but we praise our Heavenly Fath- 
er for what He has accomplished 
through His imperfect children. 

8o? Coburn St., Akron, Ohio. 


The Missionary Visitor 169 


Mrs. Levi Minnich. 

LAST at the Cross and First at the 
Tomb " is the story of woman 
at the world's great tragedy. 
Ever since that time Christian woman- 
hood has been found in the place of need 
and human suffering. 

In the dark hovel of the city her min- 
istry of love and cheer has come as a 
ray of sunshine in hopeless lives. 

The discouraged mother has kissed 
her hand in gratitude, and the little chil- 
dren have clung to her because of her 
touch of love to their lives. In the 
chamber of suffering and death her 
hands have ministered, so long as human 
help was needed. 

When the story of need reached her 
ears from over the waters she arose 
and went to help in the uplift of her 
heathen sisters, so downtrodden and op- 

Sisters Stover and Ryan were the 
first to respond. After this followed the 
Millers, the Ebys, the Bloughs and oth- 
ers, with our Sister Quinter of sacred 
memory. She it was who laid down her 
life for those she loved and helped. As 
from the grave of a grain of wheat 
there comes forth the new life of wheat, 
so as from that grave in far-away In- 
dia there has sprung into being a new 
missionary effort in the hearts and lives 
of those who loved her, and who long 
to continue the work in the India field. 
The " Mary N. Quinter Memorial 
Fund " was created at the Sisters' Aid 
Society meeting at Hershey, Pa., last 
June. Since then a faithful band of 
sisters has been busily engaged with the 
needle and contributing to this fund for 
the purpose of supporting a nurse or 
doctor (or both) on the India field. The 
responses are very gratifying and when 
we know the smalj percentage of the 

sisters of our Brotherhood who are ac- 
tive in Aid Society work the results are 
almost marvelous, for the needle is the 
instrument by which the work is ac- 
complished. " Despise not the day of 
small things." With Christ's blessing 
upon the little boy's lunch one day the 
needs of 5,000 people were met. As 
we contemplate what has been accom- 
plished we are gratified. However, we 
think how easily this effort might be 
doubled by a larger number of sisters 
sharing in the work. 

How easy Christ has made it for us 
to minister to Him, for He says, " If 
you help one of the least of those in need 
down there, I will count it as for Me." 
So as our sisters use the needle from 
week to week and turn the proceeds for 
the work in India we are ministering un- 
to Him. At the same time we should 
not be satisfied with THE LEAST we 
can do if we are able to do more. For 
I am sure we each want it said of us, 
"She hath done what she COULD." 
It may be God wants us to undertake 
larger things for Him than we have yet 
planned for. It has been suggested by 
some that our aid societies undertake 
the erection of a dispensary or hospital 
in India, to the memory of our Sister 
Quinter. This would indeed be a mon- 
ument worth while and the only kind 
to meet the approval of our dear sister. 

When we count the blessings we have 
in a Christian land, our comfortable 
Christian homes, with kind Christian 
companions, and then think of our 
downtrodden, abused and suffering sis- 
ters of India, we might well ask the 
question of old, "What shall I render 
unto Jehovah for all His benefits to 
ME?" The answer comes back in the 
farewell words from Olivet, " Go ye 


The Missionary Visitor 


therefore and make disciples of all the 
nations." We can help in this great 
world work by providing Christian care 
for the suffering women, and thus 
opening the way for spiritual help and 

The need for intelligent aid and care 
for the sick is great, for the so-called 
doctors of heathen lands are appallingly 
ignorant and superstitious. This work 
opens the way for Christian teaching 
and help as no other can, and the mis- 

sionary doctor and nurse are esteemed 
as almost divine by the poor and ig- 
norant people. 

What an opportunity to help them to 
higher and better things ! 

Let us think on this line, and then 
if God permits us to meet at Winona 
we can discuss how to help them most 
and make our plans for another year. 

Yours for more consecrated effort in 
all the Aid Societies of the Brotherhood. 

Greenville, Ohio, 


Note. The churches, whose elders and pastors have written the following short ar- 
ticles, are among the twelve which, during 1914-1915, gave the highest amount per 
capita to our work. At our solicitation in the following articles they tell us how they 
did it. It is interesting to know that it was not the churches among us, in every in- 
stance, which have the largest assessed wealth that gave the most. One can see, back of 
the testimony of all, that there was an intelligent, consecrated leadership working in 
churches that were willing to respond. Elders and pastors are indeed well blessed when 
their constituency is sympathetic with missionary ideals. We give these testimonies 
in order that other churches and pastors may be encouraged by their example. — Editor. 

Cedar Rapids, Iowa. 

We agree with our Sunday-school 
that all the money we can raise goes to 
the support of our representative in 
China. No money is used from the 
Sunday-school offerings, including 
birthday bank, for any other purpose. 
Our supplies are paid for out of our 
church treasury. Our contributors 
therefore know about how much their 
Sunday-school offerings should be ; and 
they have consequently set apart a sepa- 
rate amount for each Sunday. If they 
miss one Sunday they make it up the 
next. That's honest, systematic giving 
that brings results. At Easter time we 
take our World-Wide offering to be 
sent to the General Mission Board to be 
counted in the Annual Meeting offering. 
We feel this an appropriate time to lift 
a generous offering for mission work. 

Thanksgiving Day is another time 
when we try to impress upon our people 
the beauty of making a generous offer- 
ing to be used somewhere by our General 

We have adopted the card and en- 
velope system recommended by our 
District Conference for District work. 
We aim to get our contributors to sign 
up for a certain amount for the year, 
payable weekly, monthly, quarterly or 
annually as they like best. These funds 
go into the hands of our home treasurer 
and secretary. Out of this fund we aim 
to pay our parts to the District Treasur- 
er to be divided as follows: 

District Missions, Orphans' Home, 
Child Rescue Work, Temperance Work, 
District Treasurer's expense, home 
church expenses. 

We agree with our people not to ask 
special offerings for very many things 
since they have pledged to give syste- 
matically to the above. Our aim is to 
have a surplus in the treasury for out- 
side calls, which first must come before 
the church in business meeting. 

In our Christian Workers' Society we 
lift a regular weekly offering .for the 
support of a leper and for any chari- 
table work at our own home doors. 
D. Elmer Miller. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Bethel Church, Nebraska. 
" We love him because He first loved 
us." He makes life worth living. Life, 
peace, happiness, our talents, our re- 
sources, our opportunities for service, 
all come from Him and are of value to 
us because of the conception He gives 
us of life. Then why should we not 
give to Him? It pays. Time, labor or 
money invested in good Nebraska land 
pays from three to one hundred per 
cent. In the Lord's work ten thousand 
per cent, plus eternal life (Matt. 19: 
29). How? "Inasmuch as ye did it 
unto one of these My brethren, even 
these least, ye did it unto Me." We sup- 
port one of our own boys, Raymond 
Flory, in China, contribute to the An- 
nual Meeting offering, give a Thanks- 
giving offering and devote each Sunday- 
school offering for a specific purpose. 
The only system worth while is : syste- 
matic giving by individuals for definite 
work. The way to bring it to pass? 
Leaders with the vision. 

Edgar Roth rock. 

Cloverdale, Virginia. 

Agitation of important questions and 
measures has much to do with increas- 
ing interest therein. For some years we 
have been interested, together with our 
colaborers, in emphasizing the impor- 
tance of Christian giving, and maintain- 
ing in our congregation a Mission Circle, 
which has proved to be very helpful in 
moulding sentiment and creating in- 
terest in that field of service of which 
our Savior said, " It is more blessed to 
give than to receive." It is a true say- 
ing, " We learn to give by giving." It 
is interesting to- note the growth and de- 
velopment obtained through an appli- 
cation of the Christian grace of giving. 

There are but few who will not re- 
spond to the call to give when the privi- 
lege is emphasized and the opportunity 
set forth. Doubtless, in the majority of 
cases, failure on the part of the mem- 
bership to give is due to a neglect of the 

ministry to present the opportunity by a 
wide-awake emphasis of the privilege 
and the benefit derived through a con- 
secrated offering. 

The greatest joys in Christian ex- 
perience are those acquired through 
blessings dispensed. " Give and it shall 
be given to you." 

J. A. Dove. 
Dallas Center, Iowa. 

We are not in the habit of boasting 
of our accomplishments. But at the 
editor's request we give without egotism 
what we feel has brought our people to 
the point of liberal voluntary giving. 

First, we have a good people to work 
with; second, they respond to good 
teaching. Like Paul, we praise when 
they do well, never failing, however, to 
point to where we could do better. 
When the leadership of the Dallas Cen- 
ter church fell upon us, some fourteen 
years ago, like Solomon we felt we had 
a big task, and sought the Lord for help 
and guidance, and, praise to His name, 
He heard and helped. 

At that time there was little giving 
outside of our own needs, but there had 
been strong doctrinal teaching done. 
This was followed by teaching on giv- 
ing and helpfulness, regarding this also 
as fundamental in the Master's teaching 
and doing, and that His true followers 
should desire to have others enjoy what 
they enjoy and to have others saved as 
well as self. When these principles are 
carried out in heart and life they bring 
about a deep spirituality that in turn 
brings forth thank offerings. 

Our method of teaching was through 
special missionary programs, in which 
all took part, from the oldest to the 
youngest; in special sermons by the 
home as well as adjoining ministers ; 
even the regular sermons, where the sub- 
ject would permit, were embellished 
with missionary sentiment. 

This kind of teaching proved success- 
ful, as results show that there has been 


The Missionary Visitor 


a steady growth in giving, in spirituali- 
ty and in membership. For when oth- 
ers saw we enjoyed our -religion they 
wanted to share our enjoyment by unit- 
ing with us. 

I am happy to state our giving has 
reached into many avenues of mission- 
ary endeavor; viz., support of workers 
on foreign as well as home fields, help- 
ing others build churchhouses, child 
rescue work, homes for the aged, edu- 
cational institutions, temperance, etc. 
Hence our giving has not been like 
Ephraim, as a cake baked only on one 

We used no catch-penny methods. 
People do not like to be fooled, and it 
was not the Savior's way; neither did 
we use undue persuasion at any one 
time, although outside solicitors may 
have done so. Such methods only tend 
to depress instead of raise the spiritual 
temperature of persons or churches. 

Last, but not least, we tried to teach 
that yesterday's accomplishments would 
not answer for today, nor today's at- 
tainments suffice for tomorrow; for if 
we are not growing, we are surely de- 

C. B. Rowe. 

Boise Valley, Idaho. 

The secretary of the Mission Board 
wishes me to tell how we, Boise Valley 
church, did it, to be one of the twelve 
churches standing highest in giving to 
the work of the General Mission Board. 

This, to me, at first seemed a difficult 
task, as it was no one thing that we 
could claim as the cause, but rather was 
and is the result of a continued teach- 
ing and building up of missionary sen- 
timent. Our people are hungry for mis- 
sionary sermons and sometimes criticise 
the ministers if they do not get as many 
sermons along that line as they feel we 

Then we have some who practice 1 
Cor. 16 : 2 and Mai. 3 : 10; then our Sun- 
day-school is supporting a native work- 

er in India; also a family is supporting 
another worker, and so the interest in 
missions grows. 

David Betts. 

Oakley, Illinois. 
First, a background of missionary 
sentiment has been fostered and de- 
veloped for years past on the part of the 
ministry. Missions and their support 
have been constantly kept before the 
minds of the membership, emphasizing 
the " Go ye," and teaching a sense of 

Second, contributing causes : the 
fact that four of our foreign mission- 
aries have been born and reared in the 
Oakley church has done much toward 
stirring us. These four are Sister Flora 
Ross and Dr. Barbara Nickey, both from 
the same home, now in India; Elder B. 
F. Heckman, now gone to his reward, 
and Sister Ida Buckingham of Malmo, 
Sweden. Our minds and prayers have 
followed these and their work in the 
different fields. Since Sister Bucking- 
ham volunteered to go to the foreign 
field we felt to use and sought the op- 
portunity to support her, which we are 
now doing, partly through the Sunday- 
school and Christian Workers' activi- 
ties and partly by the church. This 
makes a definite purpose in giving for 
the Sunday-school and Christian Work- 
ers ; they assume $100 of her support 
and the balance is drawn from the 
church funds, a decision agreed upon 
in open council. 

Third,' it is felt on the part of the min- 
istry that as a local country church, 
with a free ministry, all the more the 
membership should respond in a sub- 
stantial way, sharing the burden of 
propagating the Gospel of Christ. 

Fourth, the annual missionary sermon 
occasion is scrupulously observed and 
the matter of " giving as the Lord pros- 
pers" laid upon our hearts. 

Fifth, a goodly number of Mission- 
ary Visitors inform us of the needs and 


The Missionary Visitor 


opportunities, and to know is to do with 
those who love the Lord. 

We are not satisfied with past ef- 
forts and attainments, but desire that 
we may be more worthy to bear some 
humble part in the upbuilding of the 
Master's kingdom. 

W. T. Heckman. 

Panther Creek, Iowa. 

The forty-six years of the organiza- 
tion of this church has found all of its 
elders, ministers and deacons imbued 
with the spirit of missions, and perhaps 
during the last twenty-five years the 
work of missions has been more openly 
advocated than formerly. Our faithful 
Sunday-school teachers during all of the 
life of the Sunday-school have had a 
warm heart for missions, and taught 
along that line as prudence would dic- 

We have not had many purely mis- 
sionary sermons in a year, but often- 
times during a sermon the minister 
would grow eloquent along this line. 
Our local- missionary committee, too, is 

No cold water has been allowed to 
be thrown on the work in members' 
meeting or official meeting, nor in any 
other meeting, for that matter. 

I do not attribute the standard that 
we have attained (which ought to be 
higher) to any one cause or person. But 
as I look at it, the whole church has 
been a missionary committee. I trust 
we will go on to greater perfection in 
this great cause. 

J. B. Spurgeon. 

Shannon, Illinois. 
We have a sermon occasionally on 
mission work, showing us the necessity 
of the work and the necessity of sup- 
porting the same, but there is no par- 
ticular plea made insisting on receiving 
or coaxing for the money. And oft- 
times the sermon is not given at the time 
the offering is taken, to cause a sym- 

pathetic feeling just for the time being. 
As a rule, we give two offerings a 
year, one on Thanksgiving and one for 
Annual Meeting. A week or two before 
the offering is to be taken our elder an- 
nounces that we shall have our offering 
ready for mission work at such a time. 
We prepare our offering at home, 
write on paper what mission we want 
the money to go to, and whom the Vis- 
itor is to be sent to, put it all in an 
envelope and seal it up and it is ready 
for the basket. And I believe I will say 
right here that most of our members 
are not wealthy, but renters and day 
laborers. I think nearly every family 
gets the Visitor. 

J. W. Fox. 

Prairie City, Iowa. 

By feeling the great need of mis- 
sions, and teaching them constantly. 

By teaching that we are always under 
obligation to those who are less for- 
tunate than we. 

By teaching that we will be held ac- 
countable for how we use the Lord's 

By teaching that the Lord loveth a 
cheerful giver, and that it is more bless- 
ed to give than to receive. 

By teaching that withholding tends 
to poverty. 

By encouraging our members to give, 
as the Lord has prospered them, to 
every worthy cause. 

By encouraging them to give as the 
Macedonian brethren who, being poor, 
gave so freely they had to beg Paul to 
receive it. Read the eighth and ninth 
chapters of Second Corinthians; here 
you will find two whole chapters treating 
on giving. 

By having a local missionary com- 
mittee that feels the worth of souls. 

By having more than one missionary 
sermon and program each year. 

By always having a missionary 
Thanksgiving sermon and collection. 


The Missionary Visitor 


By praying God to save the heathen; 
then help God to answer our own 
prayers by giving. 

By accompanying our gift with the 

prayer of faith, believing it will save 

By practicing what we preach. 

W. I. Buckingham. 



Letter No. I. 

My dear Brother; 

I was so glad for your good letter, 
so full of news from the dear old school. 
Of course your classmates are all 
strangers to me, but a number of the 
prominent men and women of the town 
were my classmates. The teacher of 
music, the science teacher and a num- 
ber of others are old friends of mine, 
and I read the school paper as eagerly 
now as ever. 

And you say you have joined the Stu- 
dent Volunteers. I am glad, and yet" it 
does not mean so much to us over here 
to hear of new volunteers as it once did. 
Once it meant men for the foreign field, 
but somehow they do not get here the 
last few years. Such a dearth of men on 
the field ! I heard some of the men 
talking some time ago, and they said 
they could not understand why it is that 
so few men come when the Volunteer 
Bands in all of our schools have been 
increasing immensely in numbers. 

Why, John, several years ago there 
were pictures in the Visitors of the 
school Volunteer Bands, and I know that 
a great many of these have graduated, 
but where are they? Only a few come 
to the foreign field. The young women 
come, but where are the men? Where 
are the men? Do they think the heath- 
en need no men ? Are they " hiding be- 
hind the stuff " ? Will they let only 
the women go? 

When Sister Quinter was home on 
furlough she was trying to persuade 
some well-prepared young people to go 
to India. They did not feel the call, 
they said. She asked what kind of a 
call they wanted. " You have the ' Go 

ye ' in the last chapter of Matthew, and 
unless you have a very good reason 
for not going you are called as much as 
I am to go and teach the heathen. The 
General Board wants workers for In- 
dia and China. We believe they are 
guided by the Holy Spirit, and when 
they make the call for these two fields 
it seems to me you have the where 
marked out. Christ gives you the ' Go 
ye/ the General Board calls for India 
and China, so there is your call. What 
more do you want? He meant you as 
well as me." What they answered I do 
not remember, but it seems to me they 
would not have much to say. 

The Student Volunteer Movement is 
a grand one, but if some of you strong, 
healthy fellows do not soon come I wish 
you would not join the band, because 
you will make it a reproach instead of 
a blessing. I know they say : " Becom- 
ing a volunteer does not mean that you 
must go to the foreign field." Of 
course it does not mean that every vol- 
unteer must go abroad, but, John, it 
means that they are to go where they are 
most needed, and what field is calling 
louder in our church today than India 
and China? Our men are working be- 
yond the limit. We should have at 
least a half dozen men right now. The 
volunteer who has no good reason for 
staying in America is called to India 
and China as much as any of us were 

Father used to call you boys. When 
he said, " Boys, come here and help 
me," did you stay back because he did 
not name you out? No, you and Will 
and Edwin went at once. Why? Be- 


The Missionary Visitor 


cause he needed you in that particular 
place. When he said " Boys " he meant 
all of you. Had you been sick or lame 
or helping mother it would not have 
meant you. But you were free to go 
and you went. 

Jesus says, " Go ye." If you are 
physically unable you are excused. If 
you have people depending upon you for 
their support and there is no one else 
to care for them you are excused. If 
you have any other real good reason for 
" staying by the stuff," then you are 
excused from going into the thick of 
the fight. 

Some say they feel a call to go work 
among the Indians of British Columbia 
— the Hindoos, I mean. Others say they 
want to stay in America and work 
among the Chinese in the cities. Broth- 
er John, of all things do not get that in- 
to your head — you, a strong young 
athlete. That work is very necessary, 
of course. It must be done, too, but 
don't you do it. There are enough dis- 
abled missionaries, men and women who 
have almost given their heart's blood 
on the field, among the heathen, who 
have to come home and live, or die on 
the field. Let them do that. They can 

reach these people better than you. 
What do you know about a Hindoo un- 
less you see him as he is in his home- 
land? It is difficult enough there to get 
to know him, and how much more dif- 
ficult would it be when he is in your 
own land! If you want to do the best 
work among the Chinese you must study 
him at home. Of course he is being 
helped lots by the city workers. That 
is as it should be, so please do not mis- 
understand me. What I want you to 
see is that if you, when you get through 
school and are as healthy and strong as 
you now are, should decide, in the face 
of the great need abroad, to spend your 
life among these people in America, I 
shall be ashamed of you. It is babyish 
for you to do it. Don't play at being a 
foreign missionary. Go to the front ; get 
into the thick of the fight. The Lord 
calls and He means you. 

I can write no more at present. May 
the Lord bless you! How I wish you 
were through school so you could come. 
I wonder if you will or if you will do 
like so many others have done — turn a 
deaf ear to the Hindoo and the Chinese. 

Your loving sister. 


J. F. Graybill. 

BEHOLD I have set the land be- 
fore you ; go in and possess the 
land." These were the words of 
Jehovah to Moses His servant, and. the 
plan of God for His people. The 
promise made to their father Abraham 
must be fulfilled. God made the prom- 
ise and brought about the conditions, not 
all favorable, and now it remains for 
His people to possess what He has 

I have no desire to discuss how much 
the hand of God is in the European 
War, nor how much the nations in- 
volved in the struggle have by their sin- 

fulness, selfishness and covetousness 
brought it upon themselves. But I 
would stir up your pure minds by way 
of remembrance that this struggle will 
come to a close sometime. I trust- and 
pray that that time may be in the not 
far distant future. We should be seri- 
ously considering what part of the land 
our Lord and King would have us pos- 
sess. If the States shall act the part of 
the " Good Samaritan " in Europe after 
the war, the Church of the Brethren 
should be prepared to possess its part 
and supply what is lacking : " The es- 
tablishment of righteousness in the 


The Missionary Visitor 


hearts of kings, kingdoms, and peoples." 
The trouble with the countries in con- 
flict is too much militarism and not 
enough evangelism. They have not as 
nations accepted Christ as Savior and 

Some religious leaders in Sweden pre- 
dict a general revival of religion in 
Europe after the war. May it be so, and 
not only in Europe, but the whole world 
needs it. Much is being done and will 
be done to prevent a repetition of this 
drama, but would we have peace, the 
proper principles must be implanted. 
" The measure of peace we enjoy must 
be attributed to the acceptance of just 
the very principles enunciated by the 
teachings of the true church and Spirit 
of Christ." When the war excitement 
is over and what is left (?) is gathered 
together and what is missing is publicly 
revealed, the subjects of the warring na- 
tions will be made to realize that one can 
not afford to trust in horses and char- 
iots, in Gatling guns and giant cannons, 
in dreadnoughts and submarines, in Zep- 
pelins and biplanes, in kings and princes, 
and will turn to a Higher Power, to 
God, Who can help in time of need. 

The Swedes are not alone in this pre- 
diction that there will be a special op- 
portunity, and that even a responsibili- 
tv will devolve upon the neutral nations 
after the war. I read in The King's 
Business, March number, the following: 
" The war has paralyzed the work of 
English and German missionary socie- 
ties in some places, thus laying an ad- 
ditional responsibility upon American 
citizens. In gratitude to God that He 
has kept us out of this awful war we 
should do what we can to aid the work 
thus hindered by the war." This state- 
ment refers more especially to the work 
of these societies in heathen countries. 
But even these countries should be 
taught of God and have some practical 
lessons in righteousness, true holiness 
and peace. 

There is a great need of the Church 
of the Brethren doctrine in the country 
where our church organization had its 
beginning. Do we justify ourselves in 
the fact that those who first contended 
for the faith once delivered to the saints 
were persecuted in Germany and driven 
out of the country, and now their blood 
will not be required from our hands? 
The present generation is not respon- 
sible for what their fathers of two cen- 
turies ago did. The fact that they need 
the Gospel, more of the Gospel and the 
whole Gospel should cause our blood to 
become warm and move us to action 
to heed the command, " Go ye therefore 
into all the world [and Germany is a 
good part of the world] and preach the 
Gospel to every creature." " Go in and 
possess the land." If we have not given 
this matter any thought, let us begin to 
think and pray over the matter and have 
a listening ear to what the Lord of the 
harvest may have to say to us. 

Malmo, Sweden, March 13. 


The Lord Christ wanted a tongue one day 

To speak a word of cheer 
To a heart that was weary and worn and 

And weighed with a mighty fear. 
He asked me for mine, but 'twas busy quite 
With my own affairs from morn till night. 

The Lord Christ wanted a hand one day 

To do a loving deed; 
He wanted two feet, on an errand for Him 

To run with gladsome speed. 
But I had need of my own that day; 
To His gentle beseeching I answered, 

So all that day I used my tongue, 
My hands and my feet as I chose; 

I said some hasty, bitter words 
That hurt one heart, God knows; 

I busied my hands with a worthless play, 

And my willful feet went a crooked way. 

And the dear Lord Christ — was His work 
For lack of a willing heart? 
Only through men does He speak to men? 

Dumb must He be apart? 
I do not know, but I wish today 
I had let the Lord Christ have His way. 
— Alice J. Nichols. 


The Missionary Visitor 









n - 





9 < 







Ping Ting Chou, Shansi, China, March 12, 

There was a meeting of the Chinese members 
of the Ping Ting church in the churchhouse and 
the following resolutions were passed: 

First — Because in Ping Ting, Le Ping and 
Yu Hsien, a district one hundred miles in length, 
there are 600,000 people without a qualified 
preacher, there should be established at Ping 
Ting a Bible School to prepare men for preach- 
ing the Gospel. 

Second — At the present time there is no man 
to give all of his time to pastoral work, there- 
fore we ask the Mother Church to send three 
evangelists, one for Ping Ting, one for Le Ping, 
and one for Yu Hsien, to care for the Lord's 

Third — The foundation of the church is in the 
children, and if the church is to grow it is nec- 
essary that we have primary schools. If we 
wish these schools to be of worth, it is necessary 
to have a man to oversee them. "We ask the 
Mother Church to send a well qualified man to 
look after these village and out-station schools. 

We ask the foreigners of this station to send 
this letter to the Mother Church, and we hope 
the Mother Church will send forth these work- 
ers to shepherd us. 

We send greeting to the whole church. (From) 
The Whole Body of the Ping Ting Church of the 



The Missionary Visitor 


Fred J. Wampler. 


On Friday, March 3, 1916, our single 
sisters, Bessie M. Rider and Nettie 
Senger, reached Ping Ting Chou. We 
are thankful to our Good Father for 
bringing them safely to us. Sister Rider, 
the nurse, will be badly needed by the 
time she gets the language so that she 
can begin work. We only hope the time 
will soon come when a nurse comes for 
the work at Liao Chou. 

But here is where the dark side comes. 
Bro. Chao, one of the Chinese Chris- 
tians, came into my study the evening 

of their arrival and asked, " WHY 1 
Young man, in college, Bible School, or 
university, can you answer that ques- 
tion? Is the courage of the single 
women of the church greater than the 
courage of the men? Is the spirit of 
our fathers, who, for the sake of the 
Gospel, crossed high mountains, forded 
dangerous streams, and endured the 
heat of the plain, dead? 

Ping . Ting Chou, Shansi, China, 
March 12. 


Winnie E. Cripe. 

THE Chinese 'New Year is once 
more in the past. It was, gener- 
ally, a greater event this year 
than it has been during the years when 
the republic robbed the lunar year of 
some of its prestige and importance. 
Since the announcement of the intend- 
ed monarchy the people have felt a 
loosening up of the restrictions of the 
past four years, and there was a marked 
readiness and eagerness to revert to the 
old-fashioned " good times." There is 
something beautiful about the street 
decorations and the quietude that pre- 
vails at this gala time. It really seems 
like Sunday in a heathen land when all 
shops are closed and business comes to 
a standstill. Then, too, all are out in 
their best dress of bright colors, silks 
and satins, and the constant exchange 
of New Year's greetings, and mingling 
together in feasting, brings out the best 
of Chinese social life and hospitality. 
While this is all beautiful on the outside, 
one who understands is deeply pained in 
consciousness of how closely allied it all 
is to heathendom and worship of false 
gods, not tlie least of which is still the 

famous Dragon King of the Celestial 
Empire. AVe can almost hear the cry 
of Jehovah through the prophet : " I will 
not look in anger upon you for I am 
merciful. Only acknowledge thine in- 
iquity, return, O backsliding children, 
and I will bring you to Zion." " Wash 
thy heart from wickedness that thou 
mayest be saved. How long shall thine 
evil thoughts lodge within thee?" 

It now seems that the date has been 
postponed when Yuan Shih Kai shall 
officially become head of the new em- 
pire; reason given, because of the upris- 
ing in the southern provinces, though 
there are suppositions that there may 
be other causes for the delay. The 
present relation of Japan to China is 
without doubt having no little to do with 
the critical political condition of China; 
how much, it is difficult really to as- 

Feb. 6 Brother and Sister Crumpack- 
er and little Frantz left what has been 
their home at Ping Ting Hsien, to be- 
gin their homeward journey for a much- 


The Missionary Visitor 


needed furlough. Regardless of their 
protests, hundreds of people, including 
pupils of the schools, and native Chris- 
tians, accompanied them for some dis- 
tance out of town, some going to the 
railroad station, five miles away. Dr. 
Wampler and Sister Anna Blough went 
with them to Shanghai, where Sister 
Crumpacker entered a well-equipped 
hospital and underwent a very serious 
operation. According to last report she 
rallied nicely and her doctors and nurses 
marveled at her speedy recovery. While 
she recuperates Bro. Crumpacker is, by 
order of the General Mission Board, 
making an investigation trip to Sunning 
County, Kuang Tung Province, near 
Canton, the home of most of our 
Chinese brethren in the States. On his 
return they hope soon to be able to sail. 


Dispensary work at both stations has 
been somewhat slack during the past 
month. Dr. Wampler was away from 
the station part of the time, and besides, 
the Chinese are too hilarious to become 
ill during the New Year season, but the 
doctor is often in demand afterward be- 
cause of their much feasting. How- 
ever, there were several in-patients dur- 
ing the entire time. We have an in- 
teresting case at Liao — a man who had 
blood poison in his left hand and arm, 
necessitating amputation above the el- 
bow. It is quite contrary to Chinese 
customs purposely to sever any mem- 
ber of the body; it means being maimed 
also in the transmigration state, but they 
are beginning to yield when it becomes 
a question of life or death. A native 
Chinese doctor, who keeps a medicine 
* shop by the side of our dispensary, asked 
to witness the operation and was grant- 
ed the privilege. He watched the proc- 
ess closely, and could scarcely find 
Chinese eloquence sufficient to express 
his opinion of the foreign doctor's skill 
in striking contrast to their native meth- 
ods of doctoring, only drinking con- 

cOctions of herbs, bones, hoofs, eyes, 
etc., of animals, and the constant use of 
the disastrous needle. This patient is now 
almost well, and the Gospel has found 
a place in his heart. He goes about with 
a stub for an arm and a beaming face, 
witnessing with both of what his newly- 
found Savior has done for him. He 
could now return to his home at He 
Shun, our out-station, thirty miles east, 
but he says he can not leave, the doctor 
and the chapel where he was made well 
and learned the new doctrine, and begs 
to stay on aw T hile. We now have native 
doctors in training for both stations — • 
also a nurse — and we are looking for- 
ward to the day when the medical work 
will be a strong asset to the evangeliza- 
tion of the part of China for which we 
are responsible. 

The Boys' and Girls' Boarding 
School reopened Feb. 20 at both sta- 
tions. On account of a heavy fall of 
snow many did not return until a few 
days later, but now most of them are 
back, and there are some new ones. 
Sometimes we wish we didn't need to 
dismiss school for the New Year, for 
the pupils go back into such heathen 
homes, and it seems as if Satan takes 
advantage of this splendid opportunity 
to tear down all possible of the work 
of salvation started in their lives. But 
he can not destroy all. We were much 
pleased, upon being invited one day to 
feast in the home of one of our Liao 
schoolgirls, to find on the small table 
by the wall, where usually had been pots 
of burning incense and dishes of food 
offered to the two idols (a small clay 
one sitting on the table and a large pa- 
per one pasted on the wall), her Christ- 
mas dolly, sent from America, and other 
new things she has learned to enjoy. 
On the wall were Sunday-school cards, 
and instead of the little clay god hung a 
strip of red paper on a stick on which 
she, herself, had written, " God loves the 


The Missionary Visitor 



Q. A. Holsopple. 

During the absence of Bro. Blough, 
who will go to the hills during the hot 
season, Bro. Lichty will take charge of 
the Bible School at Bulsar. 

Sister Alice Ebey and two children 
are at Bulsar, where Leah Ruth is un- 
dergoing treatment for bronchitis. 

Bro. Ross and family are having their 
experiences with malaria. He and each 
of his three children have had attacks 
recently. We are glad to say that at 
present all are getting along nicely. 

Vali church had their love feast on 
Feb. 1. About seventy-five were 
present. Previous to the love feast bap- 
tism was administered to five new be- 

Ten were baptized at Vyara during 
the month of January. Bro. Long re- 
ports that owing to sickness on the com- 
pound he was not able to spend as much 
time in the villages as he should have 

Bro. Stover went to Panchgani recent- 
ly to spend a few days with Sister Stov- 
er. That is a lonely place now and 

she often must long for companionship. 
Before long people will be going to the 
hills to escape the heat of the plains. 

One boy in the Anklesvar Boarding 
School died recently, and as there were 
a few other cases of sickness some of 
the boys had gone home. Of these some 
have returned, bringing other boys with 
them. The number at present is thirty. 
They have accommodations for forty 

Khanji Trikam, who has been book- 
seller at Jalalpor for years, died recent- 
ly after a prolonged illness. He left a 
family of five children, three of whom, 
with his widow, are now in the Widows' 
Home at Anklesvar. The older children 
are in the orphanages at Bulsar. 

Sister Widdowson has been energetic- 
ally pushing her work among the wom- 
en of the villages round about Ankles- 

The church at Vali will entertain the 
District Meeting of India March 13 to 

Umalla Village, via Anklesvar, India, 
Feb. 25. 


I. S. Long. 

AT the recent fair held at Vyara 
were government specialists along 
the several lines of banking, com- 
merce, education, agriculture, gardening, 
etc. These men, as opportunity afford- 
ed, either by lecture, magic lantern or 
moving pictures, or else by demonstra- 
tion, showed, we are told, things new 
and interesting to the people about 
Vyara. Some of these men were edu- 
cated in America, and are supposed to 


be expert in their calling, 
doubts the wisdom of such 
I take it. 

Years ago the Emperor of Japan sent 
hosts of the flower of Japanese youth 
to the West to be educated along all 
lines of progress : and the unparalleled 
development of Japan is the direct re- 

Likewise, today, the Japanese Church 
is calling, not for a large number of mis- 



The Missionary Visitor 


sionaries, but for a few well-qualified 
men along special lines, for leaders in 
fact. I have an ever-increasing con- 
viction that this is the proper course 
even for India. The reason is one, 
namely, that our real business in the 
country is to raise up men and women 
from the soil itself to do the work, along 
whatsoever line. For, after all, in all 
mission countries, it is not the foreign 
missionary but the indigenous worker 
who wins and pastors the fjock. In 
proof of this, laying aside our own per- 
sonal experience, I mention a statement 
made at the Edinburgh Conference by a 
missionary to the Chinese, to the effect 
that of the thirty thousand Christians in 
his mission not even a hundred were 
won directly by the foreigners. 

Rightly or wrongly, missionary en- 
deavor today embraces more than mere 
evangelism through preaching. Our 
work comprises the several phases of 
evangelism — education, Bible School, 
medicine, and industry along several 
lines. To make good as a mission we 
understand we should succeed in these 
several fields of labor. 

I might illustrate what I would say 
by what we are trying to do in our 
boarding-schools here at Vyara. It is 
clear that our schools ought to be on a 
good footing educationally, for mind 
discipline. But we are wont to call 
these industrial schools. The boys and 
girls work three or four hours daily. 
The children learn to do by doing. The 
boys are taught gardening, farming, 
brick making, carpenter work, etc., the 
girls learning cooking and sewing 
meanwhile. For the ordinary child, our 
object is to fit him well for practical 
life. Add to this, what we wish above 
all, real experience of salvation, and 
they ought to lead a quiet and success- 
ful career. 

The Baroda State Government is very 
keen on industrial education. We must 
comply with regulations. But with this 
we are not satisfied. We would ac- 

tually lead . off, showing the way. I 
find myself wishing I had had a year of 
teaching at Tuskegee, or else in the Gary 
schools, Indiana. The world is taking 
notice of the Gary schools, as of Hamp- 
ton and Tuskegee. They are a success, 
a glorious success. I wonder what all 
is needed at Vyara to bring about just 
such success ! For the simple matter 
of being vaccinated against smallpox we 
need to call our Drs. Cottrell. The 
reason is that they know the " trick " 
and we don't. Likewise, that we might 
have the very best curriculum, I would 
consult one who knows his job in peda- 
gogy. Most of us were raised on the 
farm, yet I sometimes wish we had an 
agricultural graduate missionary on the 
field. By advising the rest of us, in ad- 
dition to assisting the crowd to better 
methods of farming than their fathers 
knew, he would help to hasten the day 
of self-support, and thus glorify God. 
We need to remember that 80 per cent 
of India people live by farming. Again, 
for our second Bible School, in the 
Marathi, we are needing a man well 
qualified in the Word. 

You see I am not thinking of a large 
host, of additional workers, though 
workers are needed all the while; but 
rather of a few exceptional men — one 
graduate in pedagogy, one in agricul- 
ture, several in a good Bible school, one 
in manual training, doctors of medicine, 
etc., to help us who are already here to 
be more efficient leaders at our several 
stations. As our Indian staff of work- 
ers win the multitudes, and their chil- 
dren come under our instruction, I am 
thinking of how by His grace, coupled 
with the finest human skill, we may raise 
up a large number of such rare spirits 
from the soil itself as to render the need 
for the more, far more, expensive for- 
eign worker less and less with the ad- 
vancing years. To this end our several 
boarding-schools, Bible Teachers' Train- 
ing Schools, not to mention the host of 
village schools. I believe this course 


The Missionary Visitor 


will commend itself to any of you who 
will think of it for a moment. For this 
work we ask your prayers and con- 
tinued support ; and for these workers — 
nay, for the young men and women get- 
ting ready to be teachers and Bible wom- 
en, for these — let your prayers ascend. 
In the course of several years we 
hope to have a number worthy to be 
real pastors of the flocks, here and 
there. After a few years they will be 
elders, along with us of the churches; 
and I write just what I believe when I 
say we will probably early associate 
those who are reasonably trustworthy 
(for none of us are quite perfect) 

alongside of us in charge of large dis- 
tricts of the field. " India for the In- 
dians and by the Indians," as a motto, 
works wherever it has been tried. These 
leaders will even displace us in time; 
and this " time " will come rapidly or 
slowly in proportion as we put ourselves 
into their proper discipline, and in giv- 
ing them responsibility. On the same 
principle Japan has dismissed her for- 
eign teachers of the army and navy. 
Those " foreigners " did their work 
well, for destruction. If we foreigners 
can do as well for construction, will not 
the Master get glory upon glory, because 
of this service? 

Union Center Congregation, Oklahoma. 


J. H. Morris. 

Two years ago we were called to May to conduct a meeting. We found five loyal 
members there. By their help and the assistance of Mabel and Dora Cripe, as singers, and 
the work of the Holy Spirit in these revivals, the congregation has grown to thirty-six. 
Five who do not live there at present hold their membership there. All these have been 
baptized in the three meetings excepting two, who moved from Indian Creek congrega- 
tion. There are now in Union Center congregation about fifty-two members, and forty- 
one belong at or near May. The members are now working toward a churchhouse six 
or seven miles from May. They need a minister and some deacons. Your help will be 
appreciated here. Will you come? The accompanying photo shows thirty-one members 
and some of their small children. All those but six have come into the church during 
the last two years. Others are interested. Cordell, Okla. 


The Missionary Visitor 


O. F. Helm. 


AFTER laboring in the Brethren 
Mission in Thomasville, Ga., for 
some time, I feel that the breth- 
ren and sisters throughout the Brother- 
hood will be interested in knowing some- 
thing of the work here and the pros- 
pects for the future. So far my work 
has been mainly with the people of the 
neglected districts, with people in many 
instances who have not had a chance to 
attend religious services, and those who 
in other instances have failed to im- 
prove their opportunity. In harmony 
with the Bible, " The common people 
heard him gladly." Our little band of 
members now numbers five, and the 
Bible class is made up of fifteen earnest 
students, who are now studying the life 
of Jesus according to the Gospel of St. 
John. All the principal truths and teach- 
ings of our Master have been em- 
phasized and reviewed -from time to 
time, and it is believed that these few 
earnest workers will succeed in turning 
others from darkness unto light. 

This section of the country is favored 
with a delightful climate. Today, Jan. 
28, 1916, the thermometer stands at 76 
in the shade at 3 P. M. ; the peach or- 
chards are in full bloom. The farm 
lands are very fertile and produce good 
crops of cotton, corn, oats, peavine hay 
and pinders. During the last two years 
considerable attention has been devoted 
to stock raising, especially the raising 
of hogs, which can be grown and fat- 
tened almost entirely on pinders at a 
cost of perhaps 2c per pound. A large 
$200,000 packing house at Moultrie, 
just twenty-nine miles north of Thomas- 
ville, built by Armour & Co. of Chicago, 
affords a market for all the hogs that the 
farmers can raise. Also cotton is a 
paying crop, sometimes netting over 
$24 per acre. 

The writer of these lines is not in- 

Brother O. F. Helm. 

terested in any land deals, but is giving 
his time and talent to mission work. 
However, having received numerous let- 
ters of inquiry from brethren and sisters 
in different localities, he desires simply 
to show what can be done in this sec- 
tion by employing the proper methods of 
farming. As a rule, two things are lack- 
ing here. One is, improved methods of 
farming, and the other is, men who are 
willing to work. 

Thomasville is especially situated in 
a healthful climate; its pure, bracing air 
always bearing an odor of fresh turpen- 
tine, that healing balsam of the pines, 
and always touched with the sharpness 
of the sea. Many people from the 
North and West, suffering from lung 
and throat trouble, find relief in this sec- 

In looking over the ministerial list 
in the Brethren Almanac I find that I 
am the only minister of the Church of 
the Brethren in the State of Georgia, 
the Empire State of the South, and I 
wonder how this can be. 

Thomasville, Ga. 


The Missionary Visitor 



Mrs. Edson W. Wolf. 

The first Mission Study Class of the East Nimishillen church was organized April 25, 
1915. Bro. S. S. Shoemaker was chosen teacher, with Sister Emma Brumbaugh, assistant 
teacher, and Elta J. H. Wolf, secretary. The class was composed of ten members, vary- 
ing in ages from 13 to 53 years. 

One of the members of the class has been unable to walk since he was a child, due 
to paralysis, and yet he took an intense interest in the work and was an -inspiration to 
the entire class; but it causes a sadness when we think of the many, with bodies strong 
and healthy, who have no desire of studying the field to become acquainted with the 
needs of our fellow-men. 

We met every Sunday afternoon between the hours of 1 and 2 to recite the lesson. 
On Aug. 15, 1915, we took our examination on the book, "Christian Heroism in Hea- 
then Lands," by Royer. We then began with the seal course, reading one book in every 
two weeks. We reported to the secretary what book we had read, and she sent for the 
seals corresponding to those books. 

In December, 1915, we completed the reading of the books in the seal course. I 
should not have said completed, for if we do not continue in the work of informing our- 
selves of the needs and condition of the field we will lack in effective missionary teach- 
ing and living. 

We need continually to study the field and our church so we may be able to knew 
her needs and come to her aid. It is certainly a great privilege to study the course 
adopted by our Mission Board, and it should be grasped by all our brethren and sisters 
who wish to do effective missionary teaching to the coming generation. 


The Missionary Visitor 185 



ONE of the problems before us as 
volunteers in relation to those 
around us is this : " How can we 
best interest others in special service 
for the Lord ? " In the midst of so many 
divergent interests, with the mind 
taxed to its utmost capacity, with so 
many affairs to claim the attention of 
the students, how is it possible to direct 
these minds from their onward rush and 
stop long enough to add a higher in- 
terest — that of greater service for God, 
in their busy college life? 

There seem to be plenty of organiza- 
tions for the purpose. We find mission 
study classes, missionary societies, and 
bands, and yet there seems to be a 
dearth of volunteers for Christ. In 
other words, these organizations tend to 
drift into mere formalism, lacking the 
highest degree of spirituality. 

Perhaps some of the difficulty is ex- 
pressed in the phrase, " Words without 
deeds are vain." We are apt too often 
to talk about our duty, and then fail 
to live up to it. Others are watching us, 
and woe if we do not live up to our pro- 
fession ! 

To me, the best and only possible 
way to interest others in Christ's service 
is for each one of us to act that service. 
Without such action we can not hope 
to influence anyone in the work. Our 
lives must be pure. They must be de- 
pendent and absolutely surrendered to 
the Divine will. If we live such lives 
we need have few words, but the life 
within will draw others to Christ and 
His work. 

True, it means great responsibility. 
Yet, even as we have taken the declara- 
tion, we have virtually pledged ourselves 
to follow Christ always, everywhere. 
He whom we follow will help us bear 
the burden which rests upon us, and we 
can be a mighty influence in God's 

hands. Let us then live real Christian 
lives ! 

Juniata Band. 


The Bethany Band. 

THE missionary life among the 
Bethany students and teachers 
has a good, healthy complexion. 
We are not becoming overenthusiastic, 
but there is what we can call a good 
normal growth along missionary lines. 
The number of ©ur band at present is 
ninety-five. Our foreign volunteers 
number thirty-three. Of this number 
fifteen are brethren and eighteen are sis- 
ters. Very few if any of this number 
signed the foreign declaration without 
much thought and prayer. For some it 
meant days and weeks, and for some 
even months of prayer before they saw 
their way clear, and before the victory 
was won. But the victory was won, 
and these people are really volunteers, 
knowing what it costs to become such. 
There are a number of others seriously 
counting the cost of becoming a volun- 
teer with all that it means. We are 
looking for a number more decisions 
soon. But we are very careful about 
urging anyone to become a volunteer. 
We present the facts and let the Spirit 
do the rest. There are others, too, 
coming to school this winter, who are 
pretty sure to help increase our num- 
ber. Thus I say our band represents a 
good, healthy, but normal growth. 

Nearly every member of the band is 
only anxiously waiting to get through 
with preparation, that they may get to 
the front. Very few, however, will be 
ready for a year or two. Quite a num- 
ber are definitely planning on four or 
five or more years of preparation. We 
have good reasons to believe that the 


The Missionary Visitor 


large majority of our volunteers are and 
will remain staunch in their purpose. 
With them it will take some direct lead- 
ing of the Lord to keep them from their 
chosen work, the foreign field. But is 
not that the normal and scriptural way? 
Christ has said "Go," 'and that is our 

Our general band, too, is doing some 
active and inspirational work. Our 
band has adopted a weekly contribution 
plan of giving for the support of a 
traveling secretary among our bands 
next year. We recommend such a plan 
to all the Volunteer Bands. 

The meetings, programs, and confer- 
ences that we are enjoying are all con- 
ducive to a good growth and to splendid 
prospects for the future. A number of 
our students and volunteers attended 
the Chicago Volunteer Union Conven- 
tion recently, and received much in- 
spiration. Here at Bethany special lec- 
tures by returned missionaries, Bro. 
Royer, and other missionary workers; 
special volunteer programs; volunteer 
devotional and inspirational meetings 
are all helping to keep the fire burning. 

For this growth, and for our possi- 
bilities, we are not taking the praise to 
ourselves, but are giving Jehovah the 
praise for working out through us His 


E. S. M. 

HAVE you ever thought of the 
perfect harmony in which every 
part worked as you watched 
some large machine running smoothly? 
Have you noticed how every part did 
its work perfectly, and that no part 
ceased working, or tried to do what 
another part should do ? Have you ever 
thought of the perfect working of the 
great solar system, how season after 
season each planet follows its course, 
and moves without a clash or irregular- 
ity ? Have you thought how our bodies, 

when in perfect order, do their work 
in a regular and definite way? Have 
you ever allowed yourself to think medi- 
tatively upon the perfect mechanism 
with which God is working out His 
plans, and of the perfect mechanical 
operations that man expects in every 
line of machinery? 

But let one of the parts of the ma- 
chine, however complex or however 
simple the machine may be, fail to do 
its work, or let one of the planets get 
out of its course, or let one of the mem- 
bers of the human body get out of or- 
der, and see how quickly the whole sys- 
tem suffers. Every part has its exact 
work to perform, and if it refuses to act ■ 
the whole organism or system fails in 
its highest function. As sure as some of 
the members fail to do their work, there 
is a clash or discord. 

Just as sure as this is true in the 
mechanical world or in God's natural 
world, it is true in the Christian world. 
Paul says the church is a body and that 
every member of the church is a mem- 
ber of the body, as the eye or the head 
or the foot is a member of the human 
body. As sure as one member in 
Christ's body fails to respond to duty 
or to the Spirit's direction, just that 
sure the whole body will suffer. If one 
part fails to act, that failure draws on 
the strength of the other parts and the 
whole efficiency is lowered, to say the 
least. Many times the whole body is 
disabled for further work until the of- 
fending member is again in harmony 
with the body. It takes working to- 
gether, harmony and cooperation, faith- 
fulness to duty, response to spiritual 
leading, to work out the greatest pos- 
sibilities in the church. 

What is true of the church as a whole 
is just as true of the various organiza- 
tions of the church. Our " United Stu- 
dent Volunteers " is one of the organ- 
izations of the church, and if we are to 
be recognized as a power in the church 


The Missionary Visitor 


[we must make our influence and power 
felt through cooperation, and working 
together according to our various call- 
ings. Our U. S. V. is a growing organ- 
ization. Our growth and our effective- 
ness in the church are going to depend 
upon our activity as a band. Our ac- 
tivity and growth as a band will depend 
upon the faithfulness and loyalty as in- 
dividual volunteers. 

Do you realize, Volunteers, that every 

one of us has a definite place, and a vital 
work to perform in this organization? 
The rate of our progress is going to 
depend upon the response of each and 
every one. If each one of us does all 
that is possible, whether it is in prayer 
or in personal work, or in public ex- 
hortation and appeal, or whether it is 
all of these or more, our work is going 
to grow. 

(Continued on Page 189.) 


C. A. Wright. 


Praise the Lord for what has been given. 

Pray that the Master's cause may not suf- 
fer for lack of funds. 

Pray that there be fewer people of the kind 
described in Luke 12: 16-20 and more peo- 
ple like Luke 21; 2. 

That more " giving " sermons may be 

For more consecrated pocketbooks. 

Pray that Christians may realize — 

1. That giving is lending to the Lord. 

2. That giving is one way of going. 

3. That giving must precede the sending 

of Rom. 10: 15. 

4. That giving is not merely a duty, but 

an opportunity. 

5. That wealthy Christians are not abso- 

lute owners, but mere stewards. 
Pray that missionary giving be prompted 
by right motives. 


Our Brotherhood ought to thank God for 
the students who have laid their all on 
the altar of service this year. 

Ask God that each volunteer may let God 
choose his field for him. 

Perhaps some students have been all year 
considering the matter of joining a Vol- 
unteer Band. Pray that he may decide 
aright before the school year closes. 

Pray for the Volunteer Band program at 
the Conference. 

Pray that those on program may be filled 
with the Spirit. 

That the messages be inspiring as to mis- 
sionary helpfulness, and convincing as to 
missionary need. 

Pray for the informal, heart-to-heaiAt Vol- 
unteer conference that we are planning 
on having, in which we can talk over 
some of our personal and special band 

May 28-June 3.— CONFERENCE: ITS AC- 

Praise God for another Conference — anoth- 
er mountain-top experience. 

Pray in behalf of the committee on arrange- 

That a spiritual atmosphere may pervade 
the entire meeting. 

For the various committees who are in 
charge of our various lines of Christian 
activity. _ > iiM \ 

For the various meetings to be held. 

For the missionary meeting. 

For the missionary collection. 

That the general influence of the missionary 
meeting may be far-reaching. 

Thank God for the new missionaries to be 
presented before Conference this year. 

Pray that the time of the missionary meet- 
ing may be a time of decision for those 
contemplating taking up foreign work. 

For the moderator of the business sessions. 

For the Spirit's guidance in all of the de- 


May each student volunteer allow the Lord 
to direct him in his work for the summer. 

Pray for the home life of the volunteers. 
That each volunteer may be filled to 
overflowing, and carry missionary en- 
thusiasm to his home congregation. 

For the guidance of the Holy Spirit in the 
various lines of Christian service car- 
ried on by the volunteers. . 

Thank God for the summer vacation, but 
remember that the Spirit-filled volunteer 
will not spend the time in idleness. 

Thank God for missionary opportunities 
which come during the summer months. 

Thank God for missionary committees, mis- 
sionary plans, meetings, suggestions, lit- 
erature, etc. — all of which should help 
the volunteers to live missionary senti- 
ment and inspiration into the lives of 
others, i 


The Missionary Visitor 




Robert E. Speer. 
Every great truth in the non-Christian 
religions is found in a purer and richer form 
in the Christian religion. It is true that 
Hinduism teaches the immanence of God; it 
is true that Mohammedanism teaches the 
sovereignty of God; it is true that Bud- 
dhism teaches the transitoriness of our pres- 
ent life; it is true that Confucianism teaches 
the solemn dignity of our earthly relation- 
ships and our human society. But are not 
all these truths in Christianity also? And 
in Christianity each one of these truths is 
balanced by its just corrective, which is 
absent from the non-Ghristian religions. 
Hinduism teaches that God is near, but it 
forgets that He is holy. Mohammedanism 
teaches that God is great, but forgets that 
He is loving. Buddhism teaches that this 
earthly life of ours is transitory, but it for- 
gets that we have immortal souls. Confu- 
cianism teaches that we live in the midst 
of a great framework of holy relationships, 
but it forgets that in the midst of all these 
we have a living help and a personal fellow- 
ship with the eternal God, in Whose lasting 
presence is our home.— The Expositor. Se- 
lected by Bro. Omer B. Maphis, Spring- 
field, Ohio. 

ISAIAH 58: 1 to 14. 

An infidel published a letter telling of 
two acres of corn which he had raised, in- 
tending to use the proceeds for the pur- 
chase of infidel books. He said: "All the 
work done on it was done on Sunday, 
and it will yield some seventy bushels to the 
acre, so I don't see but that Nature or Prov- 
idence has smiled upon my Sunday work, 
however the Bible may say that work done 
on Sunday never prospers. My corn tells 
another story." To this boast some one re- 
plied in these few words: "If the author 
of this shallow nonsense had read the Bi- 
ble half as much as he has the works of 
its opponents, he would have known that 
the Great Ruler of the universe does not 
always square up His accounts with man- 
kind in the month of October." — Record of 
Christian Work. 


He preached an excellent sermon, he was 
quite good-looking, and he prayed for every- 
body in sight — ushers, deacons, the Sunday- 
school superintendent, the aged, infants in 
arms. We are under the impression that 
he even remembered the sexton. He was 
the most likable candidate they had heard. 
But he failed to receive a call. It so hap- 
pened that particular church for years had 
been interested in mission work throughout 

the world. They had come to consider such 
interest as essential to their Christianity, 
and for a minister not to have the exten- 
sion of Christ's kingdom prominently in 
his thought was to them almost inconceiv- 
able. So when thev listened to his prayer, 
and not one sentence went beyond the walls 
of their own church, they said, " He will 
never do for us." Some may say that judg- 
ment was unwarranted, unjust; but think it 
over. — Missionary Herald. 


I have thought, I am a creature of a dav, 
passing through life as an arrow through 
the air. I am a spirit come from God, just 
hovering over the great gulf, till a few mo- 
ments hence I am no more seen. I drop 
into an unchangeable eternity. I want to 
know one thing — the way to heaven, how 
to land on that happy shore. God Himself 
has condescended to teach the way; for this 
very end He came from heaven. He hath 
written it down in a Book! O give me that 
Book! At any price give me that Book of 
God! I have it: here is knowledge enough 
for me. Let me be a man of one Book. 

Here, then, I am, far from the busy ways 
of men. I sit down alone: only God is here. 
In His presence I open, I read this Book; 
for this end — to find the way to heaven. — 
From " Preface to Sermons," volume _ 1, 
where he writes, " Let me be homo unius 

A lady missionary in India, in one of her 
tours came upon a distant village of na- 
tives, who were unusually ^ mild in their 
treatment of her. She explained the life of 
Christ to them, telling them He was the 
poor man's Friend, that He usedto eat with 
common people, and heal their sick, that lit- 
tle children ran after Him and climbed up- 
on His knees as He sat in their houses. Sud- 
denly she was interrupted by a native who 
said: "Miss Sahib, we know Him well. He 
lived here for years." It turned out that 
an old man belonging to another mission 
had once lived in that far-away village. Oh. 
my dear friends, if only our villagers could 
recognize Jesus in your life and mine! — 

The angel Gabriel and the Master are 
talking together. Gabriel is saying: 

" Master, You died for the whole world 
down there, did You not?" 

" Yes." 

"And do they all know about it?" 

"Oh, no! Only a few in Palestine know 
about it so far." 

"Well, Master, what's Your plan? What 
have You done about telling the world that 
You died for them? What's Your plan?" 


The Missionary Visitor 


"Well," the Master is supposed to an- 
swer, " I asked Peter and James and John, 
and little Scotch Andrew, and some more 
of them down there, just to make it the busi- 
ness of their lives to tell others, and the 
others are to tell others, and still others, 
until the last man in the farthest circle has 
heard the story and has felt the thrilling 
and the thralling- power of it." 

And Gabriel answers, with a sort of hes- 
itating reluctance, as though he could see 
difficulties in the working of the plan: 
"Yes, but— suppose Peter fails. Suppose 
after a while John simply does not tell oth- 
ers. Suppose their descendants, the suc- 
cessors away off in the first edge of the 
twentieth century, get so busy about things 
that they do not tell others— what then?" 

And he is thinking of the difference to 
the man who hasn't been told — "what 

And back comes that quiet voice of Je- 
sus: "Gabriel, I haven't made any other 
plans — I'm counting on them." — From Dr. 
S. D. Gordon's " Quiet Talks on Service." 


A Mission Study Class is: 
A number from six to twelve 
M eeting weekly 
I n some home or chapel 
S eated around a table 
S tudying together 
I nspiring facts and stories 
O pening session on time 
N ot extending over one and one-half hours 
S essions brimful of 
T rue enthusiasm 

U sed to stir up the " gift of God " 
D evoted to enlarged efforts to encourage 
Y outhful spontaneity to form 
C oncerted plans for extending 
L arger and broader knowledge to 
A 11 church members, that 
S uch may aid in 
S trengthening the army of the Great King. 

— Mary A. Gildersleeve, in Missionary Re- 

Rev. Dr. Barbour, of Rochester, was cross- 
ing the Atlantic. The royal suite of rooms, 
once used by an emperor, was now occupied 
by the wife of a Tammany official, a wom- 
an whose life had no deep interests, who 
must look to fads to occupy her mind. One 
day she engaged Dr. Barbour in conversa- 
tion by suddenly asking, " Are you a Chris- 
tian?" After his quiet affirmative answer 
she said abruptly, " I'm not." He expressed 
regret, but no surprise, and inquired what 
religion she did follow. " I am a Buddhist," 
she announced with considerable pride. 
"Are you? What do you believe?" "Oh, 
I'm only a Swami." "How interesting! 
What do the Swamis believe?" At this she 
colored slightly and answered, " The Bud- 
dhist priest told me that while one is only 

a Swami it is not necessary to know what 
you believe." — Jeannette Bachman, in Sun- 
day School Times. 


King Alcohol is my shepherd. I shall al- 
ways want. He maketh me to lie down in 
the gutters. He leadeth me beside trou- 
bled waters. He destroyeth my soul. He 
leadeth me into the path of wickedness for 
effect's sake. Yea, though I walk through 
the valley of poverty and have delirium 
tremens, I will cling to evil for thou art 
with me; thy bite and sting, they torment 

Thou preparest an empty table before me 
in the presence of my family. Thou anoint- 
est my head with hellishness. My cup of 
wrath runneth over. 

Surely destruction and misery shall fol- 
low me all the days of my life, and I will 
dwell in the house of the adversary for- 
ever. — Selected. 


(Continued from Page 187.) 

Another year is almost gone. I want 
to urge every volunteer to take off the 
brakes, throw off all hindrances, and 
make these closing weeks count the most 
for the volunteer cause. Every ounce 
of energy that we faithfully throw into 
the cause is going to count for the Lord. 
Let every volunteer put forth his very 
best effort in order to close up the school 
year with a high tone of spirituality, 
both in the individual life and in the or- 
ganization. We want to finish the work 
this year in such a way that next fall 
we can enter into the volunteer cam- 
paign with more reserved force than we 
ever before have been able to do. 

At Conference we want to get togeth- 
er as a band, and have a heart-to-heart 
talk, and make suggestions, and lay 
plans whereby next fall we can start 
with much enthusiasm and vigor in the 

Let us pray that the U. S. V. may 
work as a most systematic and perfectly 
arranged organism, and that the body 
will become a mighty force for the cause 
of righteousness. 

3435 V an Buren St., Chicago. 


The Missionary Visitor 




In the March Visitor the total for Church Ex- 
tension should be $39.62, $23.95 having been pre- 
viously received during October instead of $23.45. 

Of the amounts which have been given for 
Mission work in Denmark and Sweden and for 
Sweden Churchhouse, the distribution of these 
funds is made in the books of the General Mis- 
sion Board as follows: Sweden Churchhoiise, 
$41.50; Sweden Mission, $25.95; Denmark Mis- 
sion, $9.10. 

During the month of March the General Mis- 
sion Board sent out 166,335 pages of tracts. 

The Board is pleased to acknowledge the re- 
ceipt of the following donations during the 
month of March : 


Pennsylvania— $254.07. 

Western District, Individuals. 

H. L. Griffith, $8; Linda Griffith, $5; 
Sam'l Baker, $5; S. P. Zimmerman 
(marriage notice), 50 cents; N. H. 
Blough (marriage notice), 50 cents; J. 
Lloyd Nedrow (marriage notice), 50 
cents; W. M. Howe (marriage notice), 

50 cents; A Sister, Pittsburgh, $1 $ 21 00 

Middle District, Congregations. 

James Creek, $5.80; Woodbury, $3, .. 8 80 


Fairview 1 00 


R. P. Good, $60; Thos. Harden and 

Family, $1, 61 00 

Lastern District, Congregations. 

Chiques, $6S.04 ; Spring Creek, $52.60; 
Mountville, $23.73; Conestoga, $11.40, ... 153 77 
Southern District, Individuals. 

D. B. Hostetler, $6.50; Ross D. Mur- 
phy, $1, Bertha Firestone, $1, 8 50 

Ohio— $117.07. 

Northwestern District, Congregation. 

Sugar Creek, ^ 21 75 


Mrs. Isabell Aldstadt, $1; Harriet 
Swihart, 50 cents; H. Z. Smith (mar- 
riage notice) , 50 cents, 2 00 

Northeastern District, Individuals. 

Geo. H. Irvin. $40; Katy A. Hower, 
$2; A brother, Springfield, $5; A Sister, 

Springfield, 50 cents; Friends, $5, 52 50 

Southern District. Congregations. 

West Dayton, $24.50; Bversole, $6.57, 31 07 

Bethel, Salem, 8 75 


Jonas Hornincr (marriage notice), 50 
cents; Hugh Miller (marriage notice), 

50 cents, 100 

Indiana— $104.79. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

First South Bend, 52 00 


Rock Run, 26 88 


John Huntington, $1.50; Lafavette 
Steele, (marriage notices), $1; J. P. Hoff- 
man (marriage notice), 50 cents; J. H. 
Fike (marriage notice), 50 cents; Mrs. 
E. E. Shively (marriage notice), 50 

cents ; A Sister. $5, 9 00 

Middle District, Sunday-school. 

Burnetts Creek, 12 66 


A brother, Roann 3 25 

Southern District. 

In memory of Elizabeth Canadav, Net- 
tle Creek, 1 00 

Kan sas — $90.00. 

Northwestern District. Individuals. 

J. A. Stutzman, $2: E. D. Steward s 

(marriage notices) , $1 3 00 

Northeastern District, Congregation. 

Chapman Creek 12 00 

Southwestern District. 

Eliza Flack Estate, $ 

Virginia— $76.45. 

First District, Congregation. 




A. C. Rieley, 

Second District, Congregation. - 

Beaver Creek, 


T. S. Moherman, $1.80; Estate Eman- 
uel Long, $7.50, •. 

Northern District, Individuals. 

Simon Hausenfluck and Avife, 

Eastern District, Individuals. 

Emma Southall, $2; E. P. Bowman, 50 
cents, An individual, $12; A brother and 

sister, Fairfax, $6, 

Canada — $30.00. 

Western District, Individuals. 

Mr. and Mrs. Jos. D. Reish, 

Nebraska— $27.00. 

D. Vasey, $5.50; M. M. Kline, $5; Mrs. 
M. E. Hildebrand, $1; W. P. McLellan 
(marriage notice), 50 cents; A brother, 


Iowa— $19.50. 

Northern District, Individuals. 

N. W. Miller, $6; H. I. Metz, $5, 

Middle District, Individuals. 

A. E. Bonesteel, $2; Hazel Eby, $1, ... 
Southern District, Congregation. 

English River, 

Tennessee — $18.26. 



B. Y. Harris, $7; Mrs. D. T. Keebler, 

$3, ... 

Illinois — $15.00. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Pine Creek, 


Minnie Sack, $1; Geo. Breon, $1; Eld. 
E. B. Hoff (marriage notice), 50 cents; 
Chas. E. Delp (marriage notice), 50 


Southern District. 

Class No. 3, Woodland, 


A Sister, $1.50; E. C. Cawley (mar- 
riage notice) , 50 cents, 

North Dakota— $13.00. 

Stephen Hodgson, $6; Sada E. Andes, 
$1; A. P. Sommers, Bowderi Valley, $1; 

A brother, $5, 

Washington— $12.85. 

L. E. Ulrich (marriage notice), 50 
cents ; Individuals, $5 ; Individuals, Mt. 
Hope, $2.35; A brother and sister, $5,.. 
Maryland— $12.67. 
Middle District, Aid Society. 

Brownsville, '. v. 



Eastern District, Sunday-school. 

Westminster, Meadow Branch, 

West Virginia— $9.25. 

First District, Congregation. 

White Pine, 


Minor Leatherman and wife, Knob- 
lev, $2; A. A. Rotruck, $1.50; Albert 

Frush, $1; A. W. Ebert, $1, 

Second District, Congregation. 

Pleasant View, 

75 00 

19 65 

5 00 

14 00 

9 30 

8 00 

191 G 

The Missionary Visitor 

California — $9.00. 

Southern District. 

Unknown $ 9 00 

Michigan— .$6.00. 

New Haven 4 60 


Character Builders, Beaverton, 1 40 

Oregon — $7.50. 


Conrad Fitz, $5; D. S. Butterbaugh, 

$2.50 7 50 

Colorado — $5.50. 

Northeastern District, Individuals. 

L. G. Templeton (marriage notice), 50 

cents ; A Sister, $5, 5 50 

Oklahoma— $5.00. 

Albert L. Williams, 5 00 

Minnesota — $1.50. 

S. P. Maust 1 50 

Missouri— $1.50. 

Northern District, Individual. 

J. P. Vanpelt (marriage notice), ' 50 

Middle District, Individuals. 

Jas. M. Mohler (marriage notice). 50 
cents; W. P. Strole (marriage notice), 

50 cents, 1 00 

Idaho— $1.00. 

Geo. H. Wise 1 03 

Unknown — $1.00. 

Sister It. R., 100 

Total for the month, $ 837 01 


Illinois— $17.43. 

.\oiuiern district, Individual. 

Dan'l Metz, $ 2 00 

Southern District, Sunday-schools. 

Kaskaskia, $3.02; Martins Creek, $2.21; 
Pleasant Grove, $2.10; LaMotte Prairie, 
50 cents; Allison Prairie, 32 cents; Sug- 
ar Creek, 25 cents, 

Aid Society. 



Jacob Kreppes 

Pennsylvania — $18.24. 

Middle District, Congregation. 

Clover Creek, 

Indiana — $2.00. 

Northern District, Individual. 

Kate Branner 

Virginia— $1.00. 

Eastern District, Individual. 

Emma Southall 

Total for the month, 


Pennsylvania — $71.00. 

Western District, Congregation. 

Middle Creek, $ 20 00 


Willing Workers, Manor, Purchase 
Line, 10 00 

An Individual, Manor 00 

Eastern District, Sunday-schools. 

Springville, $9; Lancaster, $5 14 00 

Southern District, Aid Society. 

Carlisle 13 00 


Trostle P. Dick, Antietam, 5 00 

Maryland— $32.00. 

Middle District. 

Y. P. Missionary Society, Ilagerstortii, 32 00 

Ohio— $11.92. 

Northeastern District. 

Junior Boys and Girls. East Nimi- 

shillen G 92 


A Sister, Springfield 5 00 











1 00 

$ 38 


Oklahoma— $10.00. 


Jennie Garber, 

Indiana — $8.00. 
Middle District. 

Young Married Class, Salainonie, . 
Kansas— $6.97. 
Southwestern District, Sunday-school. 

Slate Creek 

Virginia— $1.00. 

Eastern District, Individual. 
Albert Wine, Fairfax, 

Total for the month, 


Ohio — $25.00. 

Northeastern District, Sunday-school. 


Illinois— $20.00. 

Northern District, Sunday-school. 

Bethany Graded, Chicago, 

North Dakota — $18.00. 
Aid Society. 


Idaho — $5.00. 
Aid Society. 


Virginia— $3.00. 

Eastern District, Individuals. 

A brother and sister, Fairfax, .... 
Pennsylvania — $3.00. 
Middle District, Individual. 

Sister J. C. Miller, Tyrone 

Maryland— $2.00. 

Middle District, Individual. 

A brother, 

Indiana— $2.00. 

Southern District, Individual. 

Abraham Bowman, 


10 00 
8 00 
6 97 
1 00 

Total for the month, $ 140 89 


Pennsylvania — $180.35. 

Middle District, Sunday-school. 

Snake Spring 25 00 

Aid Society. 

Spring Run, 25 00 

Eastern District, Sunday-schools. 

Chiques, $22.27; Manheim, White Oak, 
$20.66; Longenecker's, White Oak, $18.74; 
Conewago, $13.59; Mount Dope, Chiques, 
$12.80; Lancaster, $12.21; East Fairview, 
$10.50; Bachmanville, Conewago, $7.74, 118 51 

Lancaster Missionary & Benevolent 

Society, 20 84 

Iowa — $21.00. 
Middle District. 

Class, Silent Workers, Dallas Cen- 
ter, 21 00 

Indiana — $6.25. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Turkey Creek, 6 25 

216 60 

25 00 
20 00 
18 00 
5 00 
3 00 
3 00 
2 00 
2 00 

Total for the month, $ 7S 00 


Pennsylvania — $14.00. 
Eastern District. 

Indian Creek Willing Workers' Soci- 
ety, $ 10 00 

Southern District, Class. 

Willing Workers, Hampton, Upper 

Coneu ago, 4 00 

Indiana — $1.00. 

Southern District, Individual. 

Ollie L. Cross 1 00 

Total for the month, $ 15 00 

Illinois— $10.00. 

Northern District, Aid Society. 

Franklin Grove, $ 10 00 


The Missionary Visitor 


Ohio— $5.00. 

Southern District, Aid Society. 

Dorcas, Covington, $ 5 00 

Idaho— $5.00. 
Aid Society. 

Fruitland 5 00 

Virginia — $5.00. 

Second District, Aid Society. 

Middle River, 5 00 

California — $5.00. 

Northern District, Aid Society. 

Empire, 5 00 

Total for the month $ 30 00 

Ohio— $25.00. 
Northeastern District, Sunday-school. 

Wooster, $ 25 00 

Pennsylvania — $15.00. 
Western District, Individuals. 

A Sister and two daughters, Pitts- 
burgh, 5 00 

Middle District, Individual. 

Mervin E. Kruger, 10 00 

Virginia— $7.50. 

Eastern District, Individuals. 

J. S. Wine and wife, $6.50; Emma 

Southall, $1 7 50 

Illinois— $5.00. 

Southern District, Aid Society. 

Liberty, 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 52 50 

Maryland — $22.00. 

Eastern District, Sunday-school. 

Westminster, Meadow Branch, $ 22 00 

Indiana — $20.00. 

Northern District, Aid Society. 

New Salem, 20 00 

Minnesota — $5.00. 

Mrs. G. R. Hahn, 5 00 

Virginia— $1.30. 

Eastern District, Individual. 

Albert Wine, 1 30 

Total for the month, $ 48 30 

Indiana — $2.00. 

Southern District, Individual. 
Abraham Bowman, $ 2 00 

Total for the month, $ 2 00 

Ohio— $5.00. 

Northeastern District, Individual.. 

A sister, Springfield, $ 5 00 

Illinois— $0.74. 

Southern District, Class. 

Sunshine, Allison Prairie, 74 

Total for the month, $ 5 74 


Pennsylvania — $43.00. 

Middle District, Sunday-school. 

Huntingdon $ 38 00 

Southern District, Aid Society. 

Antietam, 5 00 

Illinois— $20.00. 

Northern District, Sunday-school. 

Bethany Graded, Chicago 20 00 

Indiana — $5.00. 

Northern District, Individual. 

Elizabeth Hay, 5 00 

Total for the month, ;....$ 68 00 


Illinois— $20.00. 

Northern District, Sunday-school. 
Bethany Graded, Chicago, $ 20 00 

Total for the month, $ 20 00 


Illinois — $20.00. 

Northern District, Sunday-school. 
Bethany Graded, Chicago $ 20 00 

Total for the month $ 20 00 


Ohio— $1.00. 

Southern District, Individual. 
Sara Bigler $ 1 00 

Total for the month, $ 100 


Colorado— $8.40. 

Southeastern District, Congregation. 

Hartman $ 8 40 

Unknown— $5.00. 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 13 40 


Pennsylvania — $58.00. 

Western District, Individuals. 

Mrs. Rachel Fox, $1; A sister, Pitts- 
burgh, $3, $ 4 00 

Middle District, Individuals. 

Bro. and Sister D. P. Hoover 2 00 

Eastern District, Congregation. 

Midway, 52 00 

Ohio— $45.95. 

Northwestern District, Sunday-school. 

Lick Creek, 14 00 

Lick Creek Boys' and Girls' Mission, . . 12 00 

Northeastern District, Sunday-school. 

Beech Grove, Chippewa, 17 20 

Southern District. 

Juniors and Teacher, Pleasant Hill, 
Newton, 2 75 

Indiana— $27.19. 

Northern District, Sunday-school. 

Maple Grove 22 84 


Willing Workers and Young Men's, 

Pine Creek, 2 35 

Southern District, Individuals. 

Jas. A. Byer and wife, 2 00 

Illinois— $22.00. 

Northern District, Sunday-school. 

Bethany Graded, Chicago, 20 00 

Southern District, Individual. 

Lizzie G. Hummer 2 00 

Iowa— $11.50. 

Middle District, Individual. 

Abe Nighswander, 5 00 

Southern District, Christian Workers. 

Franklin 6 50 

Washington — $10.00. 

A brother and sister, 10 00 

North Dakota — $6.30. 

Mrs. W. H. Clark, 6 30 

Tennessee — $5.00. 


John W. Swadley and wife, 5 00 

Virginia— $1.00. 

Eastern District, Individual. 

Emma Southall 1 00 

Total for the month $ 186 94 

General Mission Board 

of the Church of the Brethren 


D. L. MILLER, Mt. Morris, 111., Life Advisory Member. 

H. C. EARLY, Penn Laird, Va. 

CHAS. D. BONSACK, New Windsor, Md. 

J. J. TODER, McPherson, Kans. 

GALEN B. ROYER, Elgin, 111. 

OTHO WINGER, North Manchester, Ind. 


H. C. EARLY, Chairman. 

CHAS. D. BONSACK, Vice-Chairman. GALEN B. ROYER, Secretary-Treasurer. 

J. H. B. WILLIAMS, Ass't Secretary and Editor the Missionary Visitor. 



Wine, A. F., Aagade 26, 2 Sal, Aalborg, Denmark 

Wine, Attie C, Aagade 26, 2 Sal, Aalborg, Denmark 


Buckingham, Ida, Friisgatan No. 2, Malmo, Sweden 

Gray bill, J. F., . . . Friisgatan No. 2, Malmo, Sweden 

Gray bill, Alice M., . Friisgatan No. 2, Malmo, Sweden 


Blough, Anna V., Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Bright J. Homer, Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Bright, Minnie, Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Brubaker, Dr. O. G., Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Brubaker, Cora M., Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Crumpacker, F. H. (on furlough), ...Care Gen. Miss. Board, Elgin, 111. 

Crumpacker, Anna N. (on furlough). ...Care Gen. Miss. Board, Elgin, 111. 

Cripe, Winnie, *. Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Flory, Raymond C Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Flory, Lizzie N., Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Horning, Emma Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Hutchison, Anna, Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Metzger, Minerva, Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Rider, Bessie M., . Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Senger, Nettie M ... Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Vaniman, Ernest D., . Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Vaniman, Susie C, .. Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Wampler, Dr. Fred J., Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Wampler, Rebecca S Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 


Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. It. R., India 

Anklesvar. B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Bulsar, Surat Dist.. India 

Bulsar, Surat Dist.. India 

Bulsar. Surat Dist., India 

. . .Karadoho, via Dahanu, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 
..Karadoho, via Dahanu, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India 

Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India 

.122 N. 76th St., Seattle, Wash. 
122 N. 76th St., Seattle, Wash. 

Arnold, S. Ira, 

Arnold, Elizabeth. 

Blough, J. M 

Blough, Anna Z 

Cottrell, Dr. A. Raymond, . . . 
Cottrell, Dr. Laura M., . 

Ebey, Adam, 

Ebey, Alice K., 

Emmert, Jesse B., 

Emmert, Gertrude R., 

Eby, E. H. (on furlough), 

Eby, Mrs. Emma H. (on furlough), 

Eby, Anna M., Dahanu, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Himmelsbaugh, Ida (on furlough), 200 6th Ave., Altoona, Pa. 

Holsopple, Q. A., Umalla Village, B. B. C. I. R. R., via Anklesvar, India 

Holsopple, Kathren R., Umalla Village, B. B. C. I. R. R., via Anklesvar, India 

Kay lor, John I Vada, Thana Dist., India 

Kaylor, Rosa Vada, Thana Dist., India 

Lichty, Daniel J.. ..Umalla Village, B. B. C. I. R. R., via Anklesvar, India 

Lichty, Nora A., Umalla Village, B. B. C. I. R. R., via Anklesvar, India 

Long, I. S., Vyara, Surat Dist., India 

Long, Effle V . Vyara, Surat Dist., India 

Miller, Eliza B. (on furlough). . R. F. D. 2. Waterloo, Iowa 

Miller, Sadie J., Vyara, Surat Dist., India 

Nickey, Dr. Barbara M„ . Vyara, Surat Dist., India 

Pittenger, J. M., Ahwa, Dangs Forest, via Rilimora, India 

Pittenger. Florence B.. Ahwa, Dangs Forpst. via Rilimora. Tndia 

Powell, Josephine, 
Rover, B. Mary, . . . 

\. W 

Mrs. A. \\\. 

Stover, W. B 

Stover, Mrs. W. B., 
Shumaker, Ida < 

Widdowson. Olive Anklesvar, B. B. C. I 

Ziegler, Kathryn (on furlough) Royersford, Pa 

Postage on letters to our missionaries is 5c for each ounce or fraction thereof and 3c for 
each additional ounce or fraction. 

Bulsar. Surat Dist. 
...Dahanu. B. B C. I R . R. 

Bulsar. Surat Dist. 

Bulsar. Surat Dist. 

.Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R. 
Anklesvar. B. B. r. I. R. R. 

Bulsar. Surat Dist. 

R. R. 



Some one were to ofter me a thousand dollars. for every soul that I might 
earnestly try to lead to Christ, would I endeavor to lead any more souls to 
Him than I am endeavoring to do now? Is it possible that 1 would attempt 
to do for money, even at the risk of blunders or ridicule, what I hesitate or 
shrink from doing now in obedience to God's command? Is my love of money 
stronger than my love of God or of souls? How feeble then my love of God! 
Perhaps this explains why I am not a soul-winner. 


I were to see a blind man unknowingly approaching the brink of a high 
precipice, and that I were to sit by without concern or any effort to warn 
or save him from certain death, would I as guilty of his death in N 
God's sight as though I had murdered him outright? The death of a body, 
which might have been (but was not) prevented, is a terrible thing, but how 
about the. preventable death of a human soul — perchance of many souls — for 
which God may hold me responsible? If my murder of another's body by 
neglect is an unspeakable crime, what shall be said of my murder by neglect 
of another's soul? 


That "when the roll is called up yonder," I am there myself, but that all 
through the eternal ages I am unable to find a single person who is there be- 
cause of my having led him to Christ — how much will heaven mean to me? 


That as an employee I were spasmodic in the kind of service I rendered— 
zealous one week, lukewarm the second, and utterly indifferent the third; then 
zealous, and lukewarm and indifferent again, and so on- — how long would my 
employer stand such service as that? But is not this the kind of soul-winning 
service I am giving God? Or it may be not even as good as this. If God's 
love for me were to be as spasmodically manifested as my love for Him, how 
would I fare? 


That when the final reckoning comes, I should be found, not with ten talents, 
or even five, but with only one, and that one " hid in the earth" (Matt. 25: 14- 
30) — what then? Has not- the one soul-winning talent which God has given 
me fallen so into disuse that I even doubt its existence? And therefore have 
I not already "hid it in the, earth"? Must I not beware lest the fate of the 
unprofitable servant be my fate? 



I were, to be asked how many persons I had persistently tried to win toj Christ 
during the past month, or even during the past year, what would my answer 
be? How many have I even spoken to? How many have I on my prayer 
list now? If I am not interested enough in the salvation of others even to 
have a daily prayer list, is it any wonder that 1 am not a soul-winner? 


That every member of the church to which I belong were to dedicate him- 
self or herself today to a life of full surrender to the will of God according' His 
Word (Rom. 12: 1, 2), and were to become henceforth a soul-winner as ex- 
emplified in the life of Paul (1 Cor. 9: 20-22), would not such a revival follow ' 
as this church and community have never seen? And am I not willing to say 
that by. His grace I will give myself from this day forward to the definite 
business of saving the lost,, that I will have a daily prayer list and" will do what 
I can under the guidance of the Holy Spirit to help accomplish the supreme 
work for which my Lord and Master came into the world? 

From a leaflet distributed by The Great Commission Prayer League, 808 
N. La Salle St., Chicago, 111. 


Missionary Visitor 


JUNE, 1916 

No. 6 

A Dubla Home, Bulsar, India 

There are hundreds of such homes near here and many of these people come to the Dispen- 
sary. They need a Hospital. Our doctors in India are most capable. The Board has approved 
the request for $10,000 to build the Hospital. Pray that it may be built. 


The Missionary Visitor 




The subscription price is included in EACH donation of a dollar or more to the 
General Board, either direct or thru any congregational collection, provided the 
dollar or more is given by one individual and in no way combined with another's 
gift. Different members of the same family may each give a dollar or more, and 
extra subscriptions, thus secured, may upon request be sent to persons who they 
know will be interested in reading the Visitor. 

Ministers. In consideration of their services to the church, influence in assist- 
ing the Committee to raise missionary money, and upon their request annually, 
the Visitor will be sent to ministers of the Church of the Brethren. 

Foreign postage, 15 cents additional to all foreign countries including Canada. 
Subscriptions discontinued at expiration of time. 

To insure delivery of paper, prompt notice of change of address should be 
given. When asking change of address give old address as well as new. Please 
order paper each' year if possible under same name as in the previous year. 

Address all communications regarding subscriptions and make remittances 
payable to 

Brethren Publishing" House, Elgin, Illinois. 

Entered as second class matter at the postofflce at Elgin, Illinois. 

Contents for June, 1916 


Our Force of Missionaries, 3 

Financial, Living Links, District Missionary Secretaries, Missionary 
Education, Brethren Publishing House, Gish Publishing Fund, etc., 6 

Our Foreign Fields: 

Denmark, . / 14 

Sweden, 15 

China 18 

Ping Ting Hsien (18), Liao Chou (23). 

India, 32 

A Foreword (32), Vyara (33), Vali (39), Vada (42), Jalalpor 
(45), Dahanu (49), Bulsar (55), Ankles var (68), Ahwa (75). 
Financial, the Various Funds, 82 


The Thirty-first 
Annual Report 



For the Year Ending 
February 29, 1916 

Published by 

General Mission'Board 
Elgin, 111. 

General Mission Board 

of the Church of the Brethren 

D. L. Miller, Mt. Morris, 111. 

Life Advisory Member 

Otho Winger, North Manchester, Indiana. 


J. J. Yoder, McPherson, Kansas. 


Galen B. Royer, Elgin, Illinois. 


H. C. Early, Penn Laird, Virginia. 


Charles D. Bonsack, . . . .New Windsor, Maryland. 



President, H. C. Early, Penn Laird, Virginia. 

Vice-President, Charles D. Bonsack, 

New Windsor, Md. 

Sec.-Treas., Galen B. Royer, Elgin, Illinois. 

Asst. Sec., J. H. B. Williams, Elgin, Illinois. 

Head Office, Elgin, Illinois. Annual Meeting of 
Board, third Wednesday in April. Other regular 
meetings, third Wednesday of August and December. 

Annual Report 


Below may be found a list of the missionaries, with present addresses, and date 
of entering service, who are at present serving under direction of the General Mis- 
sion Board. 


Wine, A. F., Aagade 26, 2 Sal, Aal- 
borg, 1913 

Wine, Attie C, Aagade 26, 2 Sal, Aal- 
borg, 1913 


Buckingham, Ida, Friisgatan No. 2, 

Malmo, 1913 

Graybill, J. F., Friisgatan No. 2, 



Graybill, Alice M., Friisgatan No. 2, 

Malmo, 19H 

Blough, Anna V., Ping Ting Hsien, 

Shansi 1913 

Bright, J. Homer, Liao Chou, Shansi, 1911 
Bright, Minnie, Liao Chou, Shansi, ..1911 
Brubaker. Dr. O. G., Liao Chou, Shansi, 1913 
Brubaker, Cora M., Liao Chou, Shansi, 1913 
Crumpacker, F. H. (on furlough), El- 
gin, 111., 1908 

Crumpacker, Anna N. (on furlough), 

Elgin, 111., 1908 

Cripe, Winnie, Liao Chou, Shansi, 1911 

Flory, Raymond C, Liao Chou, Shansi, 1914 
Flory, Lizzie N., Liao Chou, Shansi, 1914 
Horninsr, Emma, Ping Ting Hsien, 

Shansi, ' 1908 

Hutchison, Anna, Liao Chou, Shansi, ..1911 
Metzger, Minerva, Ping Ting Hsien, 

Shansi, 1908 

Rider, Bessie M., Ping Ting Hsien, 

Shansi, 1916 

Senger, Nettie M., Ping Ting Hsien, 

Shansi, 1916 

Vaniman, Ernest D., Ping Ting Hsien, 

Shansi, 1913 

Vaniman, Susie C, Ping Ting Hsien 

Shansi, 1913 

Wampler, Dr. Fred J., Ping Ting Hsien, 

Shansi, 1913 

Wampler, Rebecca S., Ping Ting Hsien, 


Arnold, S. Ira, Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. 

R. R., 1913 

Arnold, Elizabeth, Anklesvar, B. B. C. 

I. R. R., 1913 

Blough, J. M., Bulsar, Surat Dist, ....1903 
Blough, Anna Z., Bulsar, Surat Dist., '.1903 


Cottrell, Dr. A. Raymond, Bulsar, Su- 
rat Dist., 1913 

Cottrell, Dr. Laura M., Bulsar, Surat 
Dist., 1913 

Ebey, Adam, Karadoho, via Dahanu, 

B. B. C. I. R. R., 1900 

Ebey, Alice K., Karadono, via Dahanu, 

B. B. C. I. R. R., 1900 

Emmert, Jesse B., Jalalpor, Surat Dist., 1902 
Emmert, Gertrude R., Jalalpor, Surat 

Dist, 1904 

Eby, E. H. (on furlough), 122 N. 76th 

St., Seattle, Wash., 1904 

Eby, Mrs. Emma H. (on furlough), 122 

76th St., Seattle, Wash., 1904 

Eby, Anna M., Dahanu, B. B. C. I. 

R. R., 1912 

Himmelsbaugh, Ida (on furlough), Mc- 

Pherson, Kansas, Care Hospital, .... 1908 
Holsopple, Q. A., Umalla Village, B. B. 

C. I. R. R., via Anklesvar, 1911 

Holsopple, Kathren R., Umalla Village, 

B. B. C. I. R. R., via Anklesvar, ....1911 

Kaylor, John I., Vada, Thana Dist., 1911 

Kaylor, Rosa, Vada, Thana Dist., 1911 

Lichty, Daniel J., Umalla Village, B. B. 

C. I. R. R., via Anklesvar 1902 

Lichty, Nora A., Umalla Village, B. B. 

C. I. R. R., via Anklesvar 1903 

Long, I. S., Vyara, Surat Dist., 1903 

Long, Effie V., Vyara, Surat Dist., .... 1903 
Miller, Eliza B. (on furlough), R. F. D. 

2, Waterloo, la. 1900 

Miller, Sadie J., Vyara, Surat Dist., .... 1903 
Nickey, Dr. Barbara M., Vyara, Surat 

Dist., 1915 

Pittenger, J. M., Ahwa, Dangs Forest, 

via Bilimora, 1904 

Pittenger, Florence B., Ahwa, Dangs 

Forest, via Bilimora 1904 

Powell, Josephine, Vada, Thana Dist., .1906 
Royer, B. Mary, Dahanu, B. B. C. I. 

R. R., 1913 

Ross, A. W., Bulsar, Surat Dist., 1904 

Ross, Mrs. A. W., Bulsar, Surat Dist., 1904 
Stover, W. B., Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. 

R. R. 1894 

Stover, Mrs. W. B., Anklesvar, B. B. C. 

I. R. R., 1894 

Shumaker, Ida C, Bulsar, Surat Dist, .1910 
Widdowson, Olive, Anklesvar, B. B. C. 

I. R. R., 1912 

Ziegler, Kathryn (on furlough), Rovers- 
ford, Pa., 1908 

Postage on letters to our missionaries is 5c for each ounce or fraction thereof and 3c for each 

additional ounce or fraction. 

4 Annual Report 



It would be the part of an ingrate at this beginning of our Thirt3 r -first Annual 
Report to fail in giving honor and glory to Him Who has led us through the many- 
intricate problems of the past year, and Who has been the Potent Factor in winning 
our victories both at home and abroad. 

He it was Who bade us years ago to enter the open doors of the needy heathen 
world, and the many instances of His presence and blessing during this past year give 
additional assurance of His ever-present help in problem and difficult}'. 

The cruel world war has continued throughout the year with unabated fury. The 
flower of Europe's young manhood has fallen and millions are yet in the trenches. 
Hundreds of missionaries have been recalled from their missionary outposts to serve 
in the armies of their country, while many others are interned in prison camps, or their 
field of operations is greatly restricted. 

The year has seen possibly the greatest persecutions and massacres of innocent 
Christian peoples that have been witnessed since the third century a'fter the coming of 
our Master — the attempted extermination of the Armenian race. But upon no people 
has the real burden of the war fallen more heavily than upon the Jews. The pathos 
and sufferings of this people during the year 1915 will ever remain a dark picture in 
the history of the world. 

While our Board and our mission fields have been inconvenienced no little on ac- 
count of the war, yet our inconvenience is but as child's play compared to what has 
been suffered by other Mission Boards of this country and Europe. 

Especially heavy has the burden fallen upon those missions in the Turkish Empire, 
in Persia, and in the war zones of Africa. Here the relentless god of war has requisi- 
tioned mission premises, interned or deported missionaries, scattered or massacred 
Christian communities, and apparently swept away the results of patient, laborious 
years of self-sacrificing, God-fearing missionaries. 

Bright amid all this gloom is the heroism which has been displayed by those 
workers who have been able to stay at their posts in these storm-tossed lands, render- 
ing sympathy and succor to those native peoples so needy and so unfortunate. 

Under such conditions it can not but be expected that those Boards difectly af- 
fected by the war have been compelled to postpone any advancement in missions and 
likewise have been driven to the most rigid economy. It is impossible at this time to 
estimate the real losses incurred by the war, but when schools have been closed, Chris- 
tian communities scattered, missionaries — many of whom are now sleeping in warriors' 
graves — recalled for service with the armies, the fact is at once apparent that when 
the war does close reconstruction must for a long time replace thoughts of definite ad- 

Our world at this time is a suffering world. Christianity hangs upon the cross. 
Death may come to much that we hold dear, but the Christianity after this great time 
of peril and destruction will be a faith purified by fire. 

The future of missions is assured; the time when this future hope may be realized 
is in God's hands and in our willingness to listen to our King's commands. Pessimistic 
as world politics may now appear, the outlook for mighty victories for Jesus Christ 
is most optimistic. We herewith reprint the splendid words of Mr. J. H. Oldham in 
his " Survey of the Year 1915," as recently appeared in the January issue of the Inter- 
national Review of Missions: 

Annual Report 5 

" But the rays of sunshine that penetrate the overhanging clouds are not the deep- 
est secret of the Christian's peace and joy in the midst of tribulation. Faith knows 
that beyond the lowering sky stretches the cloudless blue. Nothing that has happened 
or that can happen can alter in any way the will of God for the evangelization of the 
world. The obligation to give the Gospel to the non-Christian peoples is as binding as 
ever it was on those who profess to be Christ's disciples. The purpose of good in the 
heart of God towards the peoples of Asia and Africa in this time of their awakening is 
as sure and strong as before, and His inexhaustible resources are as freely at the dis- 
posal of those who have the faith and courage to ally themselves with that purpose. 

" By the removal of much on which we had become accustomed to lean we are 
thrown back on the real and original foundations of our confidence with regard to the 
missionary enterprise. We were perhaps in danger of relying too much on the ma- 
terial resources of our civilization, on its outward impressiveness and prestige. These 
props have fallen from us, and just because they have gone, we may become stronger 
through rediscovering the true sources of our strength." 

The Christian church must come, and there are evidences that it is coming, to the 
conviction reached by our beloved President Lincoln when he expressed his position 
that he had oftentimes been driven to his knees with the profound conviction that he 
had nowhere else to go. 

The Church of the Brethren has been wonderfully blessed in being spared the 
actual horrors of war, both in the homeland and on the mission fields. We hasten 
almost to express our wonder that we have been thus blessed. We have prayed; others 
have likewise. We have labored patiently; others have toiled unceasingly. We have 
given to missions; others have done likewise — and suffered. The very fact in itself 
that we have been spared such trials constitutes a challenge to the church to go for- 
ward. When others have been compelled to abandon their missionary efforts we should 
redouble ours. We are not a separate, distinct, independent body in the sight of God, 
but we are a portion of His redeemed church, and are supposed to assume our share 
of the burden of the world's evangelization. Our " share " this year is larger than it 
has ever been before, for the burden remains the same and greater, and the mission- 
aries are fewer in number. Let the Church of the Brethren with a mighty outburst of 
thanksgiving accept her full responsibility of keeping the beacon lights burning in the 
heathen world. 


The beginning of the year saw our Sisters Eliza B. Miller, Kathryn Ziegler and Ida 
Himmelsbaugh returning on furlough from India. They arrived in time to be present 
at the Hershey Conference. While they have necessarily spent some time in recu- 
peration, yet they have been very active, too, in secretarial work. Sister Ziegler has 
been occupied largely in work in her home District of Eastern Pennsylvania, Sister 
Himmelsbaugh in Western and Middle Pennsylvania, and Sister Miller has spoken 
in many places, particularly in the Districts of Tennessee, and First and Southern Vir- 
ginia. Sister Himmelsbaugh at this time is completing her nurses' training course in 
the hospital at McPherson, Kans. 

The health of the workers in the main has been good. The presence of mission- 
ary doctors in both India and China has given us more of a sense of security in the 
health of our missionaries. Little Adah Ebey, in India, and Cathryn Bright, in China, 
whose deaths are mentioned elsewhere, were called home to live with their Jesus dur- 
ing the year. 

It seems imperative that our workers must take more frequent periods of rest than 
in past years, for the debilitating effects of the foreign climate in time will under- 
mine the health of the strongest unless rest is taken. The greatest asset of our mis- 

6 Annual Report 

sions is our missionaries themselves. Hence very careful consideration must be given 
to their health. Periodic rests are therefore true missionary economy. 

Sisters Bessie M. Rider and Nettie M. Senger sailed in January from Seattle, 
Wash., and after a stormy voyage reached their destination in China. They are now 
busy with the language and happy in their new field. Brother and Sister H. P. Garner 
and Sister Goldie Swartz, appointed at Hershey, for India, were unable to sail for 
India last fall and are planning to go out this coming autumn, along with a number of 
other new recruits that we hope will be ready by that time. 

The year closed with Brother and Sister Crumpacker in China preparing to re- 
turn to America for their first furlough. They reached the United States the last of 
March. Brother Crumpacker plans for a very active furlough period. 



Aged iy 2 Years 
Died December 10, 1915 


Aged 6 years 
Died January 27, 1916 


In spite of the financial uncertainties that have prevailed because of the world 
war we have received encouragement from our financial outlook, and assurances that 
our Brotherhood is willing to respond when any actual need arises. Farm products 
have brought a good price and our people, generally, are prospered. As a conse- 
quence of that prosperity, and also an apparently growing spirit of liberality, we are 
able to report that our year shows an increase in income over last year of $15,284.82. 
Our income has increased from permanent endowments somewhat, but, as will be seen 
from the accompanying table, the greatest increase has come through direct donations 
from our brethren and sisters. 

The following statement of our receipts and expenditures for the year will afford 
one a brief survey of our finances. 

The administration expense of caring for our large endowment fund and mission 
work in general has been slightly in excess of 4.7 cents of each dollar of income. Thus 
a little over 95 cents of each dollar goes into some line of the Board's activity. 

Annual Report 7 

A Brief Statement of New Funds Available for Mission Work and 
Comparison with Last Year. 


1914-1915 1915-1916 Increase 
Donations to Board Funds Reported in Visitor, ..$ 46,091 25 $ 54,309 18 $8,217 93 
Specials — Seattle and Warrensburg churchhouses, 

Belgian relief, Brooklyn Italian work, etc., .... 1,262 35 4,286 22 3,023 87 

Special supports, transmissions, native workers, 

schools, hospitals, etc., 21,054 83 20,909 45 145 38* 

Income endowment, earnings, bank account, Pub- 
lishing House, and missionary education, 47,574 74 51,763 14 4,188 40 

$115,983 17 $131,267 99 $15,284 82 
Endowment received, all funds, 125,594 50 49,029 16 76,565 34* 


World-wide, annuities, publications, District work, 

general expense, etc., $51,620 09 $51,377 72 $ 242 37* 

India, 43,109 12 47,554 64 4,445 52 

China, 23.902 21 23.778 80 123 41* 

Denmark and Sweden, 6,550 35 5,850 07 700 28* 

Specials — Seattle and Warrensburg churchhouses, 

Belgian relief, Brooklyn Italian work, etc., .. 1,756 42 3,638 08 1,881 66 

Totals expended for missionary work, $126,938 19 $132,199 31 $5,261 12 

* Decrease. 

One special reason for gratification is the fact that we closed our year with a sur- 
plus of $2,023.86, as against a deficit last year of nearly $2,000. If we make a compari- 
son of the years we will discover that the expenditures last year were $20,663.83 more 
than the preceding year, and the income only $8,571.80 in excess of the previous year, 
while this year the income was $15,284.82 over last year, and the expense only $5,261.12 
increase. Thus it is easy to see that we did not make the advances requiring as heavy 
expenses this past year as previously. 

We must not get the impression, however, that there is reason for contentment 
and slackness in contributions, for the future will require increased expenditures. We 
must send recruits to the field, and for the sake of more efficiency and greater advance- 
ment there must be added equipment in the way of schools, churches, hospitals, in- 
dustrial plants, etc. 

When we consider all these things it becomes evident that the range for the exer- 
cise of faith in caring for the future needs of our work is sufficiently broad to cover 
the necessities of much spiritual growth and hopeful expansion. The populations in 
our fields in India and China are' possibly almost two and one-half millions of people. 
For these we are DIRECTLY RESPONSIBLE. Are we accepting the responsibility 
in a measure adequate to care for their spiritual necessities? 

The missionary giving oh the part of our churches shows health. Calls are fre- 
quent and insistent for special assignments of- missionaries, native workers, native 
schools, boarding-school scholars, orphans, and other lines of endeavor. Nearly all 
of our missionaries, and practically all orphans and native workers, are thus specially 
supported. Living links are thus established at home and abroad. 

There is an increasing number of churches that practice systematic giving. Where 
this plan has been tried it has evoked much praise and given satisfaction. We hope 
that others may inquire into the merits of this system. Write us and we shall be very 
glad to explain to you. 

It gives the Board no small pleasure to be entrusted with the care of a growing 
endowment fund. From this many annuitants receive an income. This system of mis- 
sionary giving and investment is growing in general favor in the Brotherhood. In- 

8 Annual Report 

deed, this seems to be an endowment age among us. The following is a record of the 
annuities paid by the Board since the fund was established. We shall be glad to answer 
any inquiries regarding annuity, its terms, advantages, etc.: 

Amounts Paid in Annuities, by Years. 

1897 $ 1,50176 1907 '. 15,073 63 

1898 4,08149 1908 15,813 66 

1899 4,889 61 1909 15,802 93 

1900 5,536 77 1910 17,513 69 

1901 7,11192 1911 19,255 82 

1902 , : 8,097 74 1912 21,320 15 

1903 10,204 24 1913 23;621 71 

1904 11,560 26 1914 26,888 63 

1905 12,87108 1915 32,034 61 

1906 13,248 00 

$266,427 70 


A large majority of our workers on the field are now definitely supported by some 
organization, as is seen from the following list of helpers. There are some few not 
yet under special support, and we shall be glad to supply information to anyone with 
reference to their support. While we naturally endeavor to make the assignments to 
those who are directly and especially interested in the workers, yet where such do 
not ask for the privilege we are ready to make the assignments to any who may wish 
the support. In studying the record of the churches that give the largest amounts per 
capita to our mission work we discover that almost all of them have their representa- 
tive on the field. 

The following is a list of those who support workers: 

Individual Sunday-Schools. 
Cedar Rapids, Iowa, Sister Emma Horning, China. 
Cerro Gordo, 111., Dr. A. Raymond Cottrell, India. 

Dallas Center, Iowa, partial support, Sister Minerva Metzger, China. 
English River, Iowa, Sister Nettie M. Senger, China. 
Mt. Morris, 111., Sister Sadie J. Miller, India. 
North Manchester, Ind., Bro. A. F. Wine, Denmark. 
Virden and Girard, 111., Dr. Laura M. Cottrell, India. 

Individual Congregations. 
Antietam, Pa., Sisters Nora Lichty, India, and Lizzie N. Flory, China. 
Bear Creek, Ohio, Sister Anna M. Eby, India. 
Bethel, Nebr., Bro. R. C. Flory, China. 
Coon River, Iowa, Sister Elizabeth M. Arnold, India. 

Lordsburg congregation and Sunday-school, Cal., Brother and Sister Ernest Vani- 
man, China. 

Oakley congregation and Sunday-school, 111., Sister Ida Buckingham, Sweden. 

Pipe Creek, Maryland, Bro. W. B. Stover, India. 

Peach Blossom, Md., Sister Anna M. Hutchison, China. 

Panther Creek, Iowa, Sister Ida Himmelsbaugh, India. 

Quemahoning, Pa., Bro. Q. A. Holsopple, India. 

Salem, Ohio, Sister J. Homer Bright, China. 

Shade Creek and Scalp Level, Pa., Sister Anna Z. Blough, India. 

Tulpehocken, Pa., Sister B. Mary Royer, India. 

Sunday-Schools by Districts. 

California, Southern, and Arizona, Sister Gertrude Emmert, Tndia. 
Illinois, Southern, Sister Eliza B. Miller, India. 

Annual Report 9 

Indiana, Northern,' Sisters Mary Stover, India, and Winnie Cripc, China. 

Indiana, Middle, Sister Rosa W. Kaylor, India. 

Iowa, Middle, Bro. S. Ira Arnold, India. 

Ohio, Southern, Brethren J. M. Pittenger, India, and J. Homer Bright, China. 

Pennsylvania, Eastern, Sister Kathryn Ziegler, India. 

Pennsylvania, Middle, Bro. Jesse B. Emmert, India. 

Pennsylvania, Western, Sisters Ida C. Shumaker and Olive Widdowson, India. 

Virginia, Northern, Dr. Fred J. Wampler, China. 

Virginia, First and Southern, Sister Rebecca J. Wampler. 

Congregations by Districts. 
Iowa, Northern, Minnesota and South Dakota, Sister Anna V. Blough, China. 
Kansas, Southwestern, and Southern Colorado, Brother and Sister F. H. Crum- 
packer, China. 

Missouri, Middle, Sister Kathren Holsopple, India. 

Nebraska, Sister Josephine Powell, India. 

Virginia, Second, Northern and Eastern, Brother and Sister I. S. Long, India. 

Other Organizations. 

Botetourt Memorial Missionary Circle, Va., Brother and Sister A. W. Ross and one 
child, India. 

Mt. Morris College Missionary Society, 111., Bro. D. J. Lichty, India. 

Metzger China Fund, individuals giving part support for Sister Minerva Metzger, 

Young People's Missionary and Temperance Association, Huntingdon, Pa., Bro. 
J. M. Blough, India. 


Brother and Sister Isaiah Brenaman, Lordsburg, Cal., Bro. J. I. Kaylor, India. 
Nickey and Buckingham families, Dr. Barbara M. Nickey, India. 

Supporting Missionary Children. 

Mississinewa Sunday-school, Ind., Joseph Daniel Pittenger, India. 

Lanark Sisters' Aid Society, 111., Winnifred Brubaker, China. 

Mineral Creek Juvenile Mission Band, Mo., Barbara Arnold, India. 

The support of a missionary does not in any wise cover the expense of the mis- 
sion work which is entrusted to that worker. The entire cost of our foreign mission 
work will average approximately $1,000 per missionary. 


Almost all of the Districts have in accordance with the plan of 1911 appointed 
District Missionary Secretaries who have been doing very efficient work in a number 
of the Districts. In some Districts these secretaries have been allowed remuneration 
for time spent in the field. Excellent work has been done in those Districts. Through 
their influence mission study classes have been organized, literature distributed and 
local missionary committees appointed. 

In other Districts no provision has been made to care for the expenses of the 
secretary. Therefore, excepting those Districts that fortunately selected secretaries 
who were able and self-sacrificing and willing to bear their own expenses, very little 
was done. 

Many local committees have rendered excellent service and have come to be a 
powerful factor in missionary influence. The District workers can inspire the congre- 

10 Annual Report 

gation, but unless local committees are selected there is very little done in a way to 
reinforce the truths pressed home by the secretary. 

There are a number of instances for the year where the local committees, through 
encouragement of systematic giving, have prompted their churches to adopt that 
method of rendering the Lord His dues. As a result the church grows in spirituality 
and power. 

The following is a list of the missionary secretaries, in so far as we have them' in 
our office: 

District Missionary Secretaries. 

Arkansas, First District and Southeastern Missouri. 

California, Northern, D. L. Forney, Reedley, Cal. 

California, Southern, and Arizona, Geo. H. Bashor, 3115 Manitou Ave., Los An- 
geles, Cal. 

Colorado, Western, and Utah, Arthur Rust, Clifton, Colo. 

Idaho and Western Montana, David Betts, Nampa, Idaho. 

Illinois, Northern, and Wisconsin, S. C. Miller, Elgin, 111. 

Illinois, Southern, Charles Harshbarger, Virden, 111. 

Indiana, Middle, Catherine Neher, Flora, Ind., Box 174. 

Indiana, Northern, R. O. Roose, 504 N. Main St., South Bend, Ind. 

Indiana, Southern, J. W. Root, R. 21, Buck Creek, Ind., 1916. 

Iowa, Middle, J. Q. Goughnour, Ankeny, Iowa. 

Iowa, Northern, Minnesota and South Dakota. 

Iowa Southern, Leslie Cover, S. Ottumwa, Iowa, 118 S. Moore St. 

Kansas, Northeastern. 

Kansas, Northwestern and Northeastern Colorado, Mary E. Daggett, Covert, Kan- 

Kansas, Southeastern, John Sherfy, 1309 S. Edith St., Chanute, Kans. 

Kansas, Southwestern, and Southern Colorado, W. H. Yoder, McPherson, Kans. 

Maryland, Eastern, W. E. Roop, Westminster, Md. 

Maryland, Middle, Caleb Long, Boonsboro, Md. 

Maryland, Western, James W. Beeghly, Oakland, Md. 

Michigan, S. M. Smith, Lake Odessa, Mich. 

Missouri, Middle, I. V. Enos, Adrian, Mo. 

Missouri, Northern, E. W. Mason, Norborne, Mo., R. 2. 

Missouri, Southern, and Northwestern Arkansas, none appointed. 

Nebraska, S. G. Nickey, Moorefield, Nebr. 

North Dakota, Eastern Montana and Western Canada, O. A. Myer, Williston, N. D. 

North and South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, Jos. H. Griffith, Brummets Creek. 
N. C. 

Ohio, Northeastern, Oscar H. Bechtel, Belleville, Ohio. 

Ohio, Northwestern, S. P. Berkebile, Bellefontaine, Ohio. 

Ohio, Southern, Ira G. Blocher, Greenville, Ohio. 

Oklahoma, Panhandle of Texas and New Mexico, John R. Pitzer, Cordell, Okla. 

Oregon, Hiram Smith, Albany, Oregon. 

Pennsylvania, Eastern, I. W. Taylor, Neffsville, Pa. 

Pennsylvania, Middle, John B. Miller, Curryville, Pa. 

Pennsylvania, Southeastern, New Jersey and Eastern New York, M. C. Swigart, 
6611 Gefmantown Avenue, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Pennsylvania, Southern, W. H. Miller, R. D. 4, Hanover, Pa. 

Pennsylvania, Western, H. S. Replogle, Windber, Pa. 

Tennessee, none appointed. 

Texas and Louisiana, M. H. Peters, Manvel, Tex. 

Virginia, Eastern, E. E. Blough, Nokesville, Va. 

Annual Report 11 

Virginia, First District, C. D. Hylton, Troutville, Va. 

Virginia, Northern, J. Carson Miller, Timberville, Va. 

Virginia, Second District, W. H. Zigler, Churchville, Va. 

Virginia, Southern, S. P. Reed, Floyd, Va. 

Washington, J. S. Zimmerman, 116 W. Seventieth St., Seattle, Wash. 

West Virginia, First District, Seymour Hamstead, R. D. 2, Oakland, Md. 

West Virginia, Second District. 


This has likely been the most fruitful year in our history in the way of mission 
study among the churches. A course of study was outlined in 1914, combining a mis- 
sion study and reading course. During the past year 326 have graduated from this 
course, receiving our diploma, while there are many others who took the course, but 
failed for various reasons to take the examination. Seals for the certificates are issued 
to those who carefully read the supplementary books of the reading course, and dur- 
ing the year 272 of these were sent out. In many churches interesting programs have 
been rendered by the study classes, and in some congregations graduation exercises 
were held. It counts for much in the lives of young people when the leaders in the 
congregation encourage such study classes. A few instances are on record for the year 
where the elder of the church not only gave the young people no encouragement, 
but actually opposed their taking up such work. Unless the conditions in such a 
church are very peculiar, indeed, such actions spell but one thing for that congregation 
in the final analysis. 

We herewith give the list of books that are recommended for study in the entire 
course. Where the first book suggested has been studied we would recommend that 
another of those given be taken up for further class study: 

For Certificate. 
"Christian Heroism in Heathen Lands" (Galen B. Royer). Paper, 40c; cloth, 55c. 
An examination on this book is required for the certificate. 

For Seals. 

Only the reading of these books is required. 

General Study (Red Seal). 
" Missions and the Church" (Wilbur B. Stover). Cloth, 60c. 

Home Missions (Purple Seal). 
"The Challenge of the City (Strong). Paper, 40c; cloth, 60c; or "Aliens or Amer- 
icans" (Grose). Paper, 40c; cloth, 60c. 

"Missions in the Sunday-School" (Green Seal). 
"Missionary Methods" (Trull). Board, 57c; or "Missionary Programs and Inci- 
dents" (Trull). Cloth, 50c. 

Asia (Blue Seal). 
" Sunrise in the Sunrise Kingdom " (De Forest). Paper, 40c; cloth, 60c; or " Korea 
in Transition" (Gale). Paper, 40c; cloth, 60c. 

Africa (Silver Seal). 
" Daybreak in the Dark Continent" (Naylor). Paper, 40c; cloth, 60c; or " Effective 
Workers in Needy Fields" (McDowell). Paper, 40c; cloth, 60c. 

Our Fields (Gold Seal). 
"The Uplift of China" (Smith). Paper, 40c; cloth, 60c; or "India Awakening " 
(Eddy). Paper, 40c; cloth, 60c. 


Annual Report 

The following is a fac-simile of the certificate which we award. This certificate is 
suitable for framing; size, 11x14 inches. A charge of twenty-five cents is made for the 
certificate, and the seals are supplied without additional expenditure. 




( Asia' J 
( Africa J 


YuitiMtiwa'Jfte' Course in Missions ^a^^ed^t^e^ /^^^^ 
General Mission Board. 

In Testimony Whereof ^^Si^60^^ 

Secrvta?y of Board. 


The secretarial work among the churches has been somewhat revised during the 
year, in that all the work is now under the direction of the secretary of the Board. 
Bro. Ross D. Murphy spent a considerable portion of the year among the churches of 
Pennsylvania, organizing mission study classes, encouraging giving to missions and in- 
spiring sentiment. The work of our missionaries on furlough has been mentioned in 
another part of this report. 


The year that has closed has proved to be an average year, in profits, in the his- 
tory of the Publishing House. Work has not been so plentiful as in some previous 
years. Our periodicals have kept up their circulation and strong efforts have been put 
forth to reach those members who do not yet seem to realize the importance of taking 
our church papers, and to secure the cooperation of those schools that are using liter- 
ature obtained from other publishers. These efforts have been successful in many in- 
stances. Eld. J. E. Miller became editor of our Sunday-school literature on June 1, 
1915; and on Oct. 1 Eld. Edward Frantz took up the pen as office editor of the Gospel 
Messenger, Bro. J. H. Moore retiring. 

As the year closes steps are being taken to incorporate the Brethren Publishing 
House as a separate institution from the General Mission Board. This in many ways 
is felt to be advantageous in the further prosecution of the work, 

Annual Report 



The last few pages of this report are devoted to the record of the Gish 
Fund, and a splendid record it has 
proved to be. It is gratifying to the 
Board to know that it has been in- 
strumental in a small way in carrying 
out the wishes of Sister Barbara Gish. 
The record of books supplied to our 
ministers through the provisions of 
Sister Gish, it occurs to us, is a most 
convincing sermon to those with 
means on the proper stewardship of 
their wealth. Sister Barbara Gish 
passed to her reward December 31, 



Born June 4, 1826 { 
Died April 30, 1896 J 


Born August 28, 1829 

Died December 31, 1915 


This report would not be complete if we failed to express our appreciation for the 
many kind words and actions of our brethren and sisters in every part of the Brother- 
hood. Few realize the scope of problems that we are called upon to solve. Not all 
appreciate the burdens of the tasks imposed upon us. No one realizes our shortcom- 
ings more than the Board itself. Mistakes have likely been made during the year — mis- 
takes of the head rather than of the heart. But, dear brethren and sisters, through your 
efforts, your gifts, your prayers and your cooperation, in every way, have we been able 
to accomplish what has been done. The outlook for our work is bright. It is well for 
us to hesitate but little to pore over the work of the past and to behold what God has 
wrought. Rather, in these days, when the kingdom of our Lord requires haste, it is 
well that we together set our faces resolutely to the problems yet awaiting us. We 
believe with a profound conviction that earnest application to the task of world-wide 
evangelization by the rank and file of our membership will go far towards correcting 
those weaknesses that beset us, and will be a healthy assistance in solving our prob- 
lems of church life. 

Let us continue to pray that the Light, which lighteth every man, may continue to 
penetrate the dark places of the earth, and the darker hearts, too, until His Name, His 
matchless Name, is known to all the peoples of the earth, 


Annual Report 

\ j 7 

</\ II-'" 


L : 



Jtffe* 1 8 

:, ■■■::■:'■;:;■${' 

Photo by W. O. Beckner. 

Brethren's Home, Sindal, Denmark. 
Staked out and planned by C. Hope. One end and upper story used for 
Home for Aged and other end for Meetinghouse. 



Be the circumstances and conditions as they may, " Time " waits for nothing or 
no one. Another year has passed; the acts performed are a matter of history whether 
they be good or bad and will stand either for or against us. International history of 
1915 is a black volume, drenched in the blood of the best and noblest of Europe's 
young men. The deeds also of many individuals and corporations have been anything 
but commendable from a " Brotherhood " standpoint, but a revelation of the selfish- 
ness and greed that dwells within the human heart. A few have become rich to the 
great detriment and expense of the many. Thus might one continue to write volumes 
as to the general conditions, but that is not our purpose. 

A year has passed since I wrote the 1914 report for the Missionary Visitor and 
the work done in the mission field of Denmark in 1915 is also now a matter of his- 
tory. Were this work to be written in full, I am sure there would be some black 
spots upon its pages; many mistakes would have to be recorded, but I am also con- 
vinced that the contrast with the world's history would be quite noticeable as to 
character and purpose, but insignificant as to volume. There are a few things written 
worthy of mentioning. 

During the year 1915 two Sunday-schools have been established; one early in the 
year at Bedsted, the other with the beginning of the last quarter at Hordum. Both 
of these are in the Thy congregation and are proving to be of special interest and 
benefit to the work and workers in spite of the unfavorable conditions under which 
they are being carried on. The interest and attendance are slowly but gradually in- 
creasing. We hope to better some of the conditions with time. 

A Sisters' Aid Society has been organized in the same congregation and is progress- 
ing nicely. This gives the sisters an opportunity to do active work in the church to 
the encouragement of all, especially the young. It has long been a recognized fact 
that responsibility is the best means to create interest in any line of work. 

The special evangelistic efforts consisted in holding short series of meetings and 
Bible classes. The people of Denmark have not yet risen to that point where they 

Annual Report 15 

are willing to continue regularly in a two or three weeks' meeting. The attendance 
at these special meetings and Bible classes, as well as at the regular services, is not 
large but, as a rule, the interest is good of those who do attend. As an immediate re- 
sult of the year's work, seven have been baptized, fellowship withdrawn from two 
young brethren and two sisters have died, one being ninety-seven years old; the 
other only forty. The membership at the close of the year was eighty-two native 
members; fifty-four in the Thy congregation and twenty-eight in the Vendsyssel con- 

An addition to our song book specially suitable for Sunday-school and revival 
meetings has been printed which has added much to the interest in the singing. One 
of the greatest hindrances in my work is not being able to sing. I never have been 
a good singer, and now having a throat trouble makes it impossible for me to lead 
in singing. This has caused me much regret and embarrassment. Every missionary 
should be a good singer. The desire to be present in the large congregations at 
home to hear the inspiring and uplifting song service often rises in my thoughts when 
engaged in our little meeting here with no one to lead in song. This applies only in 
the Vendsyssel congregation, as Thy has good song leaders. Thus you have our 
report for the year 1915. The records are written; we try to improve by the mistakes 
made. We need your continued prayers for strength and wisdom to perform the work 
to the glory of God and the salvation of souls. 

Aalborg, Denmark. 



Again we can look back over the past and recount the innumerable blessings of 
another year. There is cause for rejoicing over those who have been won for the king- 
dom, although they can not be counted by the score; for "there is joy over one sinner 
that repenteth, more than over ninety and nine just persons who need no repentance." 
Sixteen have made the good confession of faith and put on Christ by Christian baptism. 
The new year has begun with two reclaimed and prospects for an ingathering in the 
near future. The death angel has made but one visit in our rank and removed a broth- 
er to his eternal reward. We are also thankful to God that this country has retained 
its neutrality although the European War has affected it seriously. 

Marked progress is evident in the working conditions of the church in this country. 
This has been the burden of our work these four and a half years. Much of this has 
been accomplished during the last year. The future looks promising, and for this we 
praise the Lord. The Sunday-school, Junior and Young People's Societies and church 
work in general are growing, not only in numbers, but also in interest. There is more 
work right at our door than we have time and strength to do. Then there are a num- 
ber of calls that we can not answer. Our constant prayer is for more workers, where- 
ever the Lord may find them. As our work grows, we need more workers. These 
we must raise and train, but it is encouraging to see them slowly develop. 

Not a few of our charitable members in the homeland, who have been favored with 
temporal blessings, have remembered the poor in Sweden. This will bring a blessing, 
not only to them, but to the work here. For this help we are thankful, both to the 
donors and our heavenly Father. 

We realize more and more the truth of the testimony of other church workers 
who are acquainted with the working conditions of Sweden, that the southern part of 
Sweden is the hardest of all this country to work. Lutheranism, indifference and sin 
are more deeply rooted here than in other sections of this country. 

Our trip to members living north of Stockholm last summer confirmed our idea 
that an American family and missionary sister should be located in Stockholm, to es- 
tablish the work there. Stockholm is headquarters for all free churches. Workers of 


Annual Report 

other churches are very much surprised when we tell them that we have no work in 
Stockholm. And to tell them that we once had a mission there simply arouses their in- 
quisitiveness. To answer this only reveals to them that the work in Sweden was poorly 
planned from the beginning, and that this accounts for only 155 members after thirty- 
five years' work. 

One drawback in our city work in Malmo is the unaccommodating place of wor- 
ship. This has been mentioned before, and we are glad to know that some of our 
members in the homeland are becoming interested in our need along this line. We are 

Our Present Ministerial Force in Sweden. 

Reading from left to right : Elder B. Lindell, Elder A. Andersson, 
Preacher A. Mauritzen, Elder J. F. Graybill, Elder P. Jonsson. 
Taken at Simrishamn District Meeting. 

praying for an inviting house of worship with good Sunday-school accommodations. 
The Board is considering the proposition. And we feel confident that the church will 
respond liberally after the Board decides to move forward in this work. In the mean- 
while may the Lord give grace to do the best we can under present working conditions, 
and patiently abide the Lord's own appointed time. 

Our District Meeting was held at Simrishamn, a mission in the Malmo congrega- 
tion, the 6th of February. The writer had a series of meetings the week preceding. 
The interest was all that could be expected. 

All the churches were represented at the District Meeting by two delegates, with 
the exception of the Stockholm church, which was not represented at all. 

After the usual preliminaries, the opening of the meeting, accepting of the dele- 
gates, reading of the minutes and organization, a number of reports were read. A few 
items of deferred business were disposed of, and then we were ready for new busi- 
ness. We had quite a budget of business, but all had a mind to work and everything 
moved along nicely. 

The mission offering from the native churches showed a little increase over 1914. 
This is commendable, considering our hard times in Sweden. A lively discussion fol- 
lowed this report along the line of doing all in our power to get nearer the goal of a 
self-supporting mission in Sweden. 

The advisability of trying to raise the capital of our Poor Fund, which now is 1,000 
crowns ($274), was considered. The interest of 1,000 crowns does not go far in helping 
the number of poor members we have among us. 

A query urging each congregation to arrange for a Bible class of at least a week 
each year was passed. 

A report of a joint committee by the Vanneberga and Malmo churches to suggest 

Annual Report 


lines for a division in said churches, also definite lines for all the churches, was unani- 
mously accepted. Olserod, with a good territory surrounding it, was separated from the 
Vanneberga church and is now a congregation, with Elder Lindell in charge. Sim- 
rishamn, with surrounding territory, was separated from the Malmo church, and is now 
a congregation without a resident minister. This church is supplied with preachers 
from the Malmo church. We need some one to take charge of this church. This must 
be considered in the future. The Lord will supply. Now we have two more churches 
in Sweden without extending the territory in which we have been working, and yet 
there is room for more in this southern province of Sweden. We are but a little army 
to possess this land. 

A call from the Vanneberga church for the next District Meeting was accepted. 

After the election of members on the different committees and the reading of the 
statistical report the District Meeting of 1916 was closed with thankfulness for the Spir- 
it's guidance in all our work. 

A number of members from a distance were at this meeting. In the evening we 
had arranged for a special farewell service. At this meeting we had a full house. On 
this occasion there were more people assembled in this hall than for many past years. 
We had a number of brief talks. Not only our members at this place were revived, 
but all present entered the spirit of the occasion. The Lord be praised for His merci- 
ful kindnes toward His followers. 

Statistical Report. 

Kjavlinge, . 

S P 




























i— i 












n .a 

* i 

2j 2| 1| 3|106J 95 1 37 

... 2| 1| 3|527| 87|... 

............. 12...... 


4| 31 6151 
31 2 804 


.-■■.-I I 

Total, | 2| 4| 2| 6|645|192| 37| 10| 5|1,412| 4 

431 15 401 21 

43 1 15! 40| 21 






Malmo, Sweden, Feb. 15, 1916. 


Annual Report 

Shoes Repaired While You Wait, China. 


The year 1915 has closed with its record of labor and love, joy and sorrow for the 
China Mission. With the development of the work in general, and the extra building 
on hand during the past year, it has been a strenuous year for some of the mission 
workers. But how thankful we are for the new buildings — the Girls' School, chapel 
and ladies' home at Ping Ting and the Boys' School at Liao. Each of these buildings 
was much needed and will add inestimably to the efficiency of the work. 

Within the year we succeeded in purchasing land at both stations for our mission 
compounds. Several itinerating and investigating trips have been made by our breth- 
ren during the year, and our territory well looked over, with encouraging results as 
to prospects of locating future workers. 

During the year sixty new converts were added to the church, sixteen at Liao and 
forty-four at Ping Ting. 

Bro. Flory's having spent some months in the Peking Language School, came in- 
terior in the early part of the year and he was greatly welcomed as a future evangelist 
of Liao. 

In the late summer two little treasures, Winifred E. Brubaker and H. Calvin 
Bright, were added to our mission family of children at Liao, and scarcely had the 
year closed when little Cathryn Bright was called to the other home. Thus the lights 
and the shadows constantly fall upon the path of the missionary. But God is good and 
His grace is sufficient for every experience. 

As we begin the new year we especially pray His blessing on Brother and Sister 
Crumpacker, who soon leave on furlough, and upon Sisters Senger and Rider, who, if 
God wills, will join our number in the near future. A. M. H. 

Ping Ting Hsien 


The year opened at this place with hopeful outlook for growth in the Lord's 
work. At its close we can make no better comment than that the Lord has been 

Annual Report . 19 

with us to bless in every line and department. Among our number there has been 
no serious illness, and those who until this time gave all their attention to language 
study, now have begun to take part in the activities of the place. Not only have we 
realized an advancement in the work of every department, but through the kindness 
of the Heavenly Father our equipment has been increased. The compound in con- 
nection with the Boys' School has been enlarged and on it have been erected buildings 
for the Girls' School, a churchhouse and a ladies' residence. In the east suburb land 
has been secured for a hospital and a residence compound. With these added facilities 
we can only hope for more far-reaching results in the future through the One Who is 
our strength for service. 

Men's Evangelistic Work. 

This has been a year of fruitful results, both in deepening the spiritual life of the 
Christians and in spreading the influence of the Gospel. In June some twenty were 
enrolled as enquirers. During the months that followed there was a growing inter- 
est that resulted in the baptism of forty-two men. Among this number were sixteen 
as results of out-station work. This indicates that faithful work is being done by the 
native workers at those places. Soa Feng, temporarily closed at the beginning of the 
year, was reopened with a competent worker in charge. Nine of those baptized from 
out-stations were from this place and vicinity. A native worker was placed at Kao 
Lao during the summer, thus giving us one more out-station. 

Itinerating trips were made by Dr. Wampler to Kao Lao and to Niang Tzu Kuan. 
Bro. Vaniman, in company with others, visited Yu Hsien, to the north. The eastern 
and western sections of Ping Ting Hsien and Le Ping Hsien were visited by Bro. Crum- 
packer. Thus the greater part of this section territory has been surveyed with re- 
gard to the future development of the work. 

The new churchhouse at this place was dedicated Dec. 12. People from all ranks 
attended, testing its capacity to the limit. In connection with the meetings at this 
time the opportunity was again presented to take the stand for Christ. Forty have 
again been enrolled as enquirers. We now have a suitable place in which to worship 
God through the Sunday preaching services, the Sunday-school, and the mid-week 
prayer meeting. 

Woman's Work at Ping Ting Hsien. 

" He holdeth my hand, 
He holdeth thy hand, 
And keeps us near." 

Yes, it is only by keeping very closely together in labor and prayer that we will 
ever be able to bring these sisters of the Orient to Christ. But if we on both sides of 
the waters cling close to the Master's hand the victory is ours. 

Two have been baptized this year. 

Four are in preparation for baptism. 

Sixty are being taught to read the Bible. 

Two hundred homes are being visited in the city. 

One hundred homes are being visited in the out-stations and villages. 

The beginning of the year we had a station class for the women who could be 
with us each day for study. We held it two weeks with good interest, having about 
an average of ten. 

The Thursday afternoon meetings have been very good, especially the latter half 
of the year. The women are taught to read and sing, and this instruction is followed 
by a large devotional meeting. 

The many hospital and dispensary patients are being daily taught the Gospel, and 
those who are able are taught to read. 

20 Annual Report 

The day we dedicated the new church about 200 women and children crowded into 
the women's side of the building. On Christmas Day we had about as many again. 

Two of the Chinese sisters are spending all their time helping in the work, and 
three are spending part of their time. 

All the missionary sisters of the station are helping in this needy work of prepar- 
ing these women for the full light of the truth. 


" The Boys " at Ping Ting Hsien. 

" Ping An," " Peace be to you," was the greeting, accompanied with a smile from 
about seventy boys who came to meet us as we returned from Peking on May 19, 
1915. They had come about a mile and their eyes were wide with interest from the 
time the bicycle came in sight over the hill. 

We were at once given full charge of the school. We found all busy " sing-song- 
ing," their lessons, with four Chinese teachers in charge. Lessons done, some of the 
boys played games, others attended the many little garden plots, green with corn and 
vegetables and decked here and there with different kinds of flowers. Over 100 trees 
had been planted around the schoolground by the mission station. 

Our first work was to mark the furnishings of each room, to keep them from 
straying, and to make some restrictions as to the freedom of the boys about the din- 
ing-room and kitchen. The boy who forgot the restriction was not allowed to enter 
at mealtime. When found at the table with dirty neck, face or hands he was promptly 
sent away. 

During July and August most of the pupils were home for vacation. The twenty- 
four orphan boys were made stronger by moving earth on the new mission compound 
for a part of each day. A laundry and bathroom were furnished during the sum- 
mer. Every Saturday afternoon they have a " scrubbing bee." After the schoolroom 
floors are done the boys get into the tubs, two at a time, taking turns at each other's 
backs. Whoever misses his cleaning on Saturday also misses his share of the good 
Sunday dinner. 

Sept. 1 school opened with fifty-eight pupils, and the same four Chinese teachers 
in charge. These teachers, with two cooks, a buyer, water-carrier and fireman, cost 
$80 Mexican, less than $40 gold per month. The food and furnishings cost about $120 
Mexican, less than $60 gold per month. 

Oct. 8 Bro. Yin, our native preacher and Boys' School principal, was sent by the 
mission station to a Bible Class Conference at Mukden. During his absence of more 
than a month some of the older pupils taught beginning classes, the other three teach- 
ers taking the advanced classes. It is surprising how these boys take hold of things. 

Eight more of the schoolboys were baptized on Oct. 31. Twenty-one are now 
members of the church. Fourteen are teaching classes of boys of five each in the 
Sunday-school. Some of them go on the street on Sunday afternoons to sing, speak 
to the people and invite them to our Sunday services. Then Sunday morning two boys 
go out, ringing a bell and carrying a banner, announcing the day and time of church 
and Sunday-school. 

Dec. 12 a part of the boys' music class, with four others, sang a chorus at the 
church dedication. This was the first four-part song given for and by the Chinese in 
Ping Ting Hsien. 

By Christmas there were sixty-eight boys in school. They thoroughly enjoyed giv- 
ing a program, most of which was original. After the program they were given a 
small treat. 

Annual Report 21 

The writer now has charge of all music and English classes, and Mrs. Vaniman 
oversees the making and mending of the twenty-four orphan boys' clothes. They look 
well filled out in their padded winter coats and trousers. We often hear them singing 
heartily in the evenings. 

There has been no serious illness this past year, for which we are truly thankful. 
Most of the boys like to go to the doctor occasionally, to see and get a few pills. All 
were given a good dose of santinin and salts this fall. They jokingly called the salts 
foreign sugar. 

Several of the boys are doing chores, daily, at 12 cash or about one-half cent gold 
per hour. Two have been taught to make stove and furnace pipes. We purpose to 
give each boy a chance to earn a little and then have him buy his own school sup- 
plies at reduced prices. 

The deportment of the school is steadily improving. Quarrels are less frequent, 
and peace and happiness are gaining ground. All are well at present and ready for 
their meals, as you would know were you to see them pushing the cooked millet into 
their mouths from bowls held in the left hands and by means of chopsticks in their 
right. They play as heartily as they eat, and study almost as well. May they be well 
prepared to do good service for their Master. 

Hsu Hsien Girls' School, Ping Ting Hsien. 

We wish to give you a brief account of the work done in the Hsu Hsien Girls' 
School during the year which has just closed. It has been the best yet. The girls are 
slowly but surely growing in their intellectual and spiritual life. The older ones study 
most diligently, as though every minute were valuable. Some girls have a hard time 
to get the consent of their parents to enter the school, and another hard pull to be al- 
lowed to stay and finish the course. 

Toward the close of the year one of the pupils expressed a desire to be given more 
opportunities to witness for Jesus. She said that at first the Scriptures were meaning- 
less to her, but the more she studies and tries to explain them to others the better she 
herself understands them. Some of the daily prayer services are now led by the girls. 

At the beginning of the year a young people's meeting was organized. As there 
was no convenient time on Sunday, the meetings were held on Friday evening at the 
regular prayer hour. We have been using the Junior Christian Endeavor Topics, for 
these are translated into the vernacular. 

A short time before the opening of school in September, one of the girls was mar- 
ried. She protested, because it meant leaving school. Two months afterwards she 
returned and resumed her studies. How she managed it is a mystery, but it shows that 
Chinese girls do want to be educated. After the dedication of the church this girl 
and one of the others chose to be His disciples. 

At Christmas time the pupils were afforded an opportunity to give to some definite 
purpose. This, their first offering, was not large, 316 cash, equal to less than two 
days' work of a native workman, but it was a most cheerful and willing gift. 

The enrollment reaches twenty-three, lacking one of having doubled itself during 
the year. Among the new pupils is Pang Ti, " Fat Body." This horrid name has been 
changed to Kuei Fang, which means " Fragrance." Nearly all the girls have two names, 
a baby name and school name. Fragrance is a hunchback. She had no home nor 
friends to care for her. Now she is happy the whole day long. 

We wish to thank all the kind friends who have contributed to the new school 
building and dormitories. Although they are not quite finished, we can soon be en- 
joying them. The girls often in their prayers thank God that He loved them enough 
to give them such a good schoolroom. 

May the Father guide these girls into all the truth. 


Annual Report 

A Group of Opium Patients. 


The Medical Work at Ping Ting Hsien. 

Our buildings are quite inadequate and ill-conditioned, our equipment insufficient, 
but results have surprised us, and, though they can not be pronounced excellent, they 
were at least good. This being our second year in China made it necessary to spend 
much time at language study. For more than half the year we had the assistance of 
a graduate Chinese nurse, and except for him this report would necessarily be smaller 
in every way. We also had some assistance from our fellow missionaries. 

Among the operations were those for cataracts, entropion, trachoma, ischeo-rectal 
abscesses, tubercular glands, fibroid and lipoid tumors. We also did obstetrical oper- 
ations, iridectomies, circumcisions, amputated extremities for gangrene or tuberculosis, 
reduced and set fractured bones, sewed up suicidal wounds, besides various other oper- 


Calls at the dispensaries, 5,432 

(Representing 1,503 different people.) 

Operations without anesthetics, 160 

Operations with local anesthetic, 53 

Operations with general anesthetic, 33 

In-patients, ... , 207 

(Average stay of in-patients 20 to 25 days.) 

Fees and gifts from the Chinese, $444.84 

Out-calls, • 105 

Obstetrical calls, % 7 

Patients seen on itinerating trips, 381 

Opium patients at out-station refuges, 16 

Professional services to foreigners outside of our own mission, 

Consultation trip to T'ai Ku, 1 

Early in the year Frantz Crumpacker had diphtheria, from which he recovered nice- 
ly. Little Edna Pearl Vaniman was also ill during part of the fall, but was much 
improved at the close of the year. Outside of these the health of the missionaries at 
this station was fairly good. 



Annual Report 25 

The new year is full of hope. Pray for us and the teachers in training this young 
life, and in invigorating it with the light of the Gospel. 

Woman's Work at Liao Chou. 

This year we have had as helpers in this department of the work Mrs. Li Chi 
Hsien, since the middle of March, and Mrs. Liu Chih Tang for the entire year. Mrs. 
Li's work for the most part has been teaching the women to read, and Mrs. Liu's, 
visiting with the writer in the homes. Both women were baptized near the close of 
the year. 

The lines of work open have been the Sunday and Friday afternoon Bible and 
reading classes, reading and visiting in the homes, and some village work. The wom- 
an's dispensary work, which was carried on in the Woman's Court, gave opportunity 
for reaching a number with Bible teaching who otherwise might not have been reached. 

The visiting and teaching in the homes has been hindered from time to time, es- 
pecially during the summer months when we were on a vacation of rest and recuper- 
ation at Peitaihe. Yet much visiting has been done and many new homes opened. We 
have found much, very much sin, some opposition and fear of the foreigner, but for the- 
most part a friendly spirit has been manifested and a kindly welcome given, and in 
some cases we have been enabled to overcome an attitude of fear and prejudice. Quite 
frequently we have had opportunity of teaching men, women and children who have, 
at times, crowded into the homes where we were teaching. We aim to " sow by all 
waters " as the opportunity presents itself, though our aim primarily is always and 
ever to reach the women. 

During the year the number of women reading has doubled the number that was 
reading at the close of the previous year, though the busy seasons interrupt their 
reading considerably at times. Women of all ages are attempting to read. Some in 
their teens and some fifty and even sixty years old are trying to learn to read the 
Bible. The progress of some is surprising, while with most of them learning to read 
goes very slowly. Yet this is not to be wondered at when we consider their former 
ignorance, and also the fact that they have only one lesson a week. 

We should not fail to mention the fact that for little more than half the year we 
have been privileged to have a woman's chapel in which to hold our services. Be- 
cause of the peculiar customs of China it becomes necessary and a decided advantage 
to have a special place of worship for the women alone, though each Sunday morning 
all go to the main chapel where the women's part is separated by a curtain. May 22 
we held our first service in our newly-repaired woman's chapel. At the close of the 
service we were made to rejoice by four native women rising as an expression of their 
desire to become Christians. These four, together with one more, were given several 
months of special teaching and on Nov. 6 were received by baptism into the church as 
our first native women Christians of Liao. It was a beautiful scene as they, one by 
one, though naturally afraid of water, calmly, bravely and joyfully went through the 
sacred rite; and the peace expressed in their faces as they returned to their homes was 

Beginning: the Foundation of the Liao Chou Boys' School 

26 Annual Report 

something that the world had not been able to give, neither has it taken away. And 
these few months following have given proof in their lives that the Gospel is indeed the 
" power of God unto salvation," even to the most ignorant and neglected, filling them 
with a new hope, a new love and a new zeal and a courage that enable them, in the 
face of ridicule and opposition, to leave off the worship of their gods of wood, paper 
and stone for the worship of the true and living God. 

During the year several villages have been visited, with the object of effecting an 
opening for Sister Senger, whom we expect to take up this part of the work later. Our 
appearance in these villages was a matter of interest and of much curiosity to many. 
Many were afraid of the foreigner, yet not a few gladly received us and our message. 
And we are sure that in time effective work can be done among them. 

The Christmas season was one of interest and we believe of help to many. Some 
250 women and children attended services at the woman's chapel on Christmas Day, 
and the following week millet and clothing were given out to some thirty poor women. 

As we review the year we realize our work has been done in much weakness, yet 
God has blessed our humble efforts in His name to the extension of the Gospel among 
these women and the salvation of some souls, for which we praise His name. 

The Liao Chou Girls' School. 

We have just closed the first calendar year of the Girls' School' at Liao Chou, 
and it has been full of various experiences. The year opened with seven girls enrolled 
and we now close with ten. There was a change in teachers during the spring. Miss 
Kao came to us in March and has proved a very efficient helper since. We have not 
lost one pupil, permanently, during the year. Though some were out for a time they 
have all been in and doing full work most of the time the school was in session. 

The spring term was a month shorter than planned, because of some of us leav- 
ing the station early for our summer vacation at the coast. Miss Kao was retained to 
assist as she could in classes for women and girls during our absence. 

There has been marked development in the girls during the year in various ways. 
They have learned lessons of obedience, diligence and cleanliness, along with other 
things they get out of books, and it has changed their outward appearance till their 
friends say they are not like they used to be. Perhaps the chief cause for the changes 
to be seen is the working of the gospel truths in their hearts. They have been intensely 
interested in the teaching and stories of the Gospels, and we have tried to make them 
feel that to believe them is to live them. In the last two months we could note a grow- 
ing spirit of joy and harmony among them, which is partly due, we believe, to the rigid 
rule we have enforced that anyone offending must make a confession to, and ask for- 
giveness of, the offended. This they don't like to do, and then, too, as more of the 
love of the Savior penetrates their hearts they can not but show it. 

We have adopted as the motto for the school, " Every girl a Christian," and we 
believe if we help God enough it will be true. Two of the girls have been baptized, 
two are held off for further teaching, and all have said earnestly that they want to be 
Christians. We hope this may always be true. They are gradually carrying the Gos- 
pel to their homes. One brought to me a small god from her home and says she will 
get the big ones as soon as she can. Several of the parents say they don't do this or 
that at home any more, because the girls don't like it since they are in school. 

During the closing months of the year we had a prayer hour with the teacher on 
Friday evening of each week, to talk over problems and prospects of the school and 
pray about them. This helped to unite our interests and efforts, and labor together 
for the good of the school. One real problem has been the question of unbinding feet, 
but this, too, is being solved. One girl deliberately unbound her own feet. Another 
showed real joy when consent was given to open hers, and as she handed her little 
shoes and bindings to me she said, "Take these; I'm never going to put them on 
again." We hope that ere long they may be freed, body and soul, from the bonds 

Annual Report 


with which Satan has bound down this people for ages, and may in every way enjoy the 
liberty of the true Gospel. 

In the year just closed we can say that God has abundantly blessed, and all honor 
is due to Him only. We look into the new year and say, " Through God we shall do 
valiantly, for He it is That will tread down our adversaries." 


Medical Department, Liao Chou. 

Calls at dispensary, 3,820 

(Representing 1,180 different people.) 

Operations without anesthetic, 120 

Operations with local anesthetic, 50 

Operations with general anesthetic, 20 

In-patients, 60 

(Average stay in dispensary 21 days.) 

Fees, and gifts from the Chinese (Mex.), $105.96 

Out-calls, 115 

Patients seen on itinerating trips, 393 

Confinement cases, 4 

Calls on foreigners aside from our own mission, 5 

Number of opium patients (no out-station refuges), 3 

During January and 
February Dr. Brubaker 
was away from the sta- 
tion. Mrs. Bright 
looked after the medi- 
cal work during those 

Note: The record of 
the medical work for 
1915 shows a constant 
and increasing growth. 
During the first quar- 
ter we were still doing 
our work in the ham- 
pered dark rooms in 
the front court of Dr. 
Brubaker's home. April 
22 we opened our pres- 
ent good quarters at 
the chapel. Up to this 
time we had no in-pa- 
tients nor any fit place 
to care for them. Some 
Calls at the dispensary 

Another Way of Beaching: the Hospital. 

idea of the increasing growth can be had from the following: 

for first quarter, 462 

Calls at the dispensary for last quarter, 1,454 

Up to May 1 we had had no in-patients. 

During the last week of the year we had thirteen in-patients. During the year we 
opened a dispensary on South Street, which is open to women and children only. We 
give one afternoon of each week to medical work among the women. We also have 
room for five or six in-patients at the women's dispensary. Since the women's dis- 
pensary was opened in the fall over fifty patients received treatment there. There have 
also been five in-patients in the women's dispensary. 


Annual Report 

At Home in China. 

How swiftly the time flies! Here in China it seems to go much faster than it did in 

the States. We have been in Liao Hsien about 
nine months, our first nine months in China 
having been spent in Peking at a language 

Not until about a month ago were we able 
to have a house and courts of our own. After 
living in the same courts with others for near- 
ly a year and a half you may know that we 
appreciate having a little home of our own; 
Chinesey though it be, there is no place like a 
home. It is a little haven of rest, and we are 
proud of our little home in China. 

We have purchased a donkey for about thir- 
teen dollars gold, and our gate boy hauls our 
water on it from, the river, nearly a half mile 
distant. We also have a few chickens, and 
with these about us it sems a little like the 
home we used to know in the homeland. A 
few days ago our two little boys, Chester, aged 
five, and Rolland, aged three, came running 
excitedly into the house exclaiming, "Mama! 
Papa! One of the roosters in the back yard 
is blind. Come and see." Papa went out to 
examine the poor creature and found that 
both his eyes were stuck shut, having resulted 
from a fight and a contracted cold. The 
rooster walked against a pile of tile and Rol- 
land exclaimed, "O papa! He can't see nuf- 
, fin' what's pretty!" Papa caught the blind 

creature and by gently pulling the lids open restored sight to the blind. Chester ran 
into the house and exclaimed, "Mama! Papa's like Jesus; he made it see." Only the 
Sunday before they had in their Sunday-school lesson the story of blind Bartimeus. 
So some of the facts of the lesson had been impressed on their plastic minds. I said 
that I guessed we would have to call the rooster Bartimeus. 

Our little boys think lots of our donkey. He will have to serve as their auto in 
trips over these mountains. He's got the honk-honk all right, even if he doesn't re- 
semble one much otherwise. 

The Chinese New Year season is just past. Their celebrations last for nearly a 
month. This is one time of all the year when the women are seen out on the streets 
and making calls. Many groups came into our home to " kan-e-kan," as they say, 
which means just to see and look around. They take a great interest in many of the 
things in our home and seemed to think it very clean, for they would often exclaim 
to each other, "How clean." "Isn't this clean though?" They were especially inter- 
ested in my sewing machine, and nearly every one wanted to see it sew. How they 
would make exclamations as they watched the rapidity with which it sewed! They 
could hardly believe their eyes. They would take the cloth and pull and examine it to 
see if it was sewed well. It is indeed to them a marvelous machine, for they do all 
their sewing by hand, stitch by stitch; even their shoes, which are made of cloth, are 
made by this method. 

They all seem to enjoy very much seeing through our home, and we received them 

And Still Another Way to Beach the 

Annual Report 


kindly. Though there is danger of their carrying disease into our home, we feel we 
can not refuse them, for it is such an opportunity of getting into their hearts and 
homes. If we treat them with the spirit of kindness their hearts are opened and they 
invite us into their homes. But if we treat them coldly, both their homes and hearts 
are closed to us. What a joy to help them! 


The year 1915 has come and gone with its joys and sorrows and our humble ef- 
forts for Him. When we stop to recount the work done it seems too small to mention, 
though we have striven to help some one each day. I am glad the good Father keeps 
a perfect record, for ours is always so faulty. 

In the early months of the year we looked after the patients who came to be 
treated, and helped them as best we could, as the doctor had not yet returned from 
his four months' stay at T'aiku, where he was associated with Dr. Hemmingway. We 
had some interesting cases. One day two men were brought in from a village five 
miles out. They had walked into a trap set to catch wolves or leopards, and were 
themselves the victims. They were mercilessly peppered with shot. One received 
his wounds from the elbow to the thumb, and the other from hip to knee. It hap- 
pened five days before their coming to us, and their condition by this time had grown 
serious. At this time of year they were still wearing their cotton-wadded clothing, and 
small wads of cotton were found buried in the flesh. I first looked after the man 
with the wounded arm and succeeded in removing some of the shot. How I wished 
for the doctor! I felt my ability decidedly weak for the work, and his condition was 
anything but gratifying. Such inflammation and swelling! I put the burden upon the 
Lord and earnestly prayed for his recovery for the furtherance of the Gospel's sake, 
and left the case with Him. x\fter I had done all I could for him he was put on the 
k'ang to rest. I then looked after the other man and found his condition far more 
serious. As I looked at him I felt there was little I could do. Such a swollen limb and 
such inflammation and suffering! I dressed the wound and removed some of the shot 
and some of the wads of cotton. How glad they were to see me probe them out, but 
I know it was awkwardly done. His case 
was given to the Great Physician, with an 
earnest prayer in his behalf and in behalf 
of his village that the Gospel might have 
opportunity. Each day we cared for them 
and the Lord healed them. Such grateful 
people! They were told of the One Who 
really healed them and not us. Afterwards 
a number of people from their village came 
for treatment. 

A mother can always find plenty to do, 
and it seems impossible to accomplish one's 
plans fully. The children must have their 
daily lessons and training, which no con- 
scientious mother can possibly neglect. You 
in the homeland know this fully and are 
careful in your children's training. Here 
mother must be everything — teacher, play- 
mate, companion in every sense; so mother 
has a large field within her four walls. This 
mother's health seemed to be considerably 
impaired, and the doctors desired to see 
me spend some weeks at the seashore. The 
trip itself was the great barrier, having Grave of Li £}e S uSe ^ath^n By Her Side 

30 Annual Report 

to be made in the heat and probable rains and high rivers. However, we left home the 
last of May, Esther, Cathryn and myself, together with Sisters Cripe and Hutchison. 
It was such a privilege to have the children in new environment, and I was so glad for 
this opportunity of education and helpfulness for them! They were so happy and it is 
a beautiful memory I have of them in their enjoyment of that beautiful place. Our 
precious little " Golden Hair," who has since gone to join her sister, found such joy 
in flitting over the grassy meadow, gathering bunches of wild flowers or digging in the 
sand by the seashore! It was one glad day of sunshine for her. The many new things 
to see, and being with other children, was a happy experience for them. It was a great 
pleasure to meet the many missionaries, and the benefit derived is ever helpful in one's 

The first week of August found us again in our interior home with many things 
to do. The Lord had wonderfully blessed us in the difficult and dangerous trip. 

In September the Lord gave us a precious " heavenly bundle," and he has been 
with us ever since, bringing joy and comfort to our hearts. His Chinese name is 
Heavenly Treasure. One of our Christian women suggested his name and he has re- 
tained it. 

My hands have not been wanting for something to do — my own babies to care for, 
the schoolboys to look after, the numbers of callers to be entertained, and ever so many 
little things ever to do, yet our record shows so little. 

The Chinese New Year Celebration. 

The Chinese New Year season is a merrymaking and feasting time. For a week 
'or more before the first of their first month, the streets are busy with markets and 
fairs, preparatory to their days of feasting and merrymaking, which last from the 
1st to the 15th of their month. This year their New Year's Day came on Feb. 3. The 
first sound that greeted our ears, yet a great while before the light of day had ap- 
peared, was the pop pop of firecrackers. They are heard most every day throughout 
the New Year season and on certain days are used very freely. Indeed the firecracker 
seems to be an indispensable article in Chinese worship, for throughout the year on the 
days which are devoted to special worship to some of their many idol gods, they are 
exploded before their idols in the home, in the street and in the temples. 

Chinese stores not only close for New Year's Day, but for several days, and 
some for the season of two weeks. It is a time of festivities and entertainment; a 
time when theatricals reap their harvest. It is a time of all the year when they dress 
up in new clothes. There are many people who have but one suit of clothing, or 
one for summer and one for winter, and these they wear continually, with little or no 
washing. So on New Year's Day you may understand why we saw people whom we 
could scarcely recognize as those we had known before. 

The first day or two of the Guo Nien (New Year's season) it is customary for the 
men to make calls at the homes of their friends, give them New Year's greeting and 
leave their cards. Their cards are a piece of bright red paper about two and one-half 
by six inches, with their names written on the bright-colored side. From this on until 
about the 15th of the month they do much visiting and feasting and also have a num- 
ber of special days for worshiping various idols. 

We ourselves enjoyed the privilege of sitting at several Chinese feasts and have 
learned to relish their food, even if they do sometimes have thirty or more different 
dishes at a feast. 

On the 15th of their first month begins the feast of lanterns, which lasts three 
days. A day or two beforehand almost every home and shop builds a sort of stove, 
of brick and clay, in the street. Some of them are about two and a half feet square 
on the ground and about eighteen inches high. There is a hole through this from the 
center at top to the side below for ventilation. Coal is then piled on these in pyramidal 

Annual Report 31 

form about three feet high. After dark on the evening of the 15th these pyramids of 
coal are lighted and they become a glowing mass. The shops as well as some of the 
wealthier homes usually build upon the base a large tilelike top, probably eighteen 
inches across, and through the sides of this are made round holes and sometimes other 
fancy shapes. The inside is then filled with coal and at the proper time is ignited. 
When all these coal stoves of various shapes and forms become glowing masses after 
night they indeed make a pretty sight. Besides these stoves many of the homes have 
the entrances decorated with lanterns of various shapes and colors. This is repeated 
for three succeeding nights. 

Besides the above, during these three days, if you were here I am very sure you 
would be amused at the brass bands that march along our street. They are made 
up of men and boys dressed and painted up in fantastic fashion, and some wearing 
masks or hollow heads of grotesque form. These go marching along the street to the 
rub-a-dub-dub of their drums and the clang-clang-clang of their brass disks. They go 
into the courts, where they are welcomed, and there perform various antics or plays 
for the amusement of those at home and all who care to come in and enjoy the 
amusement with them. 

During these three days there are also groups much like the above described who 
go about with the dragon. The dragon's head is made up of framework covered with 
painted cloth. It has a monstrous wide-open mouth, large glaring eyes, and stubby, 
branching horns. It is mounted on a pole and carried by a man. Hooked on behind 
is the long, snakelike body made of cloth, with painted scales and other appendages. 
The whole is about thirty feet in length and mounted on poles to be carried by men. 
This terrible monster is carried around into the courts of the homes, and his enchant- 
ing powers are supposed to drive away the evil spirits and assure peace, health and 
prosperity during the coming year. 

The above, associated with the almost continual bang-bang of firecrackers, gives 
you a partial, picture of the Chinese method of celebrating the New Year season. 

We have now been in China for a year and a half, and although we do not have 
many of the comforts we enjoyed at home, we indeed praise the Father that He has 
placed us here in this field where there is such a great need. As we stand upon the 
threshold and look before us, what an ocean of sinking souls confronts us! The task 
is so great and we so small that we are almost overwhelmed. Indeed, we would be 
completely undone were it not for the promise, " Lo, I am with you always." " Through 
Him Who strengtheneth us we can do all things." And now, that we can begin to help 
them up out of their darkness into light and life, a wonderful joy fills our hearts. But, 
oh! there ought to be hundreds here to help us in this mighty task of reaping souls. So 
many going down to an eternal death. Why, oh, why? Because there is no one to 
show them the Savior. Haven't you heard the Master say, " Go ye"? I'm afraid some 
one will have much to answer for in the judgment. 


32 Annual Report 



The church in India has closed its twenty-first year and is entering upon its twen- 
ty-second, beginning with 1916. In presenting a resume of the year 1915 we again 
record our sense of the goodness of God, which has been shown in the blessings 
which have accompanied the work done. We have been spared through sickness and 
many dangers. In spite of the limited number of workers on the field we have again 
occupied Vada, the station closed two years ago. Five missionaries returned from 
furlough early in the year. One new missionary came with them. She being a doctor, 
we rejoice the more in her coming. Three of our ladies left us on furlough, so that 
after all our number is not greatly increased. Retrenchment, which so long seemed 
to be forced upon us, has been somewhat abated, not because our number is increased 
to support it, but simply that we have decided to occupy our field — have taken new 
courage and press onward. 

We pray the Lord to send workers to this needy field. We read reports of the 
volunteer bands and missionary societies, and feel greatly encouraged, and yet so few 
are forthcoming, to our various fields, that we often wonder what the reasons are. 
Will the church waken to the great opportunities? A tabulation of nine different de- 
nominations, presented by the Laymen's Missionary Movement, shows an advance of 
the decade, 1904 to ,1914, most encouraging. The increase in total contributions for 
home mission causes was 55 per cent; for foreign mission causes 80 per cent. Many 
other items are given, but this is a sample. Our own church has done even better 
than this. Ninety and 100 per cent is her record. May she come up to the standard 
in sending workers to the field as we'll. In this her mark is lower. That the proper 
number of workers may be distributed throughout the different fields of our church 
is our earnest prayer to God and plea to the home church. 

A heavy cloud hung over us before Christmas in the sickness and death of one of 
our dear little missionary children, Adah Ebey. The mission family has had a deep 
feeling of sympathy for Brother and Sister Ebey, whose cup of sorrow had already 
been full. This is the fifth treasure they have laid to rest in India. Our brother and 
sister are giving their lives, their all, for lost souls. The Lord is blessing their sac- 
rifices and giving them souls for their hire. 

Nearly all our stations have gathered into the kingdom souls during the year. 
Our field of labor is one of great opportunity to the missionary of the cross. Here are 
thousands of people living in the darkness of ignorance. They are slaves of their 
own superstitions; for them we have the light of life and the Son Who makes free 
indeed. Their hearts are hungry for the truth, but can not be satisfied with the sacri- 
fices of their idolatries or the religion of their forefathers. We offer them the sinless 
ONE, Who is Mediator between God and man, and Whose hope maketh not ashamed. 
The harvest truly is great. 

Our Bible School at Bulsar has been in session since June. We have much rea- 
son to thank God for this. One year ago Bro. Blough was disabled through sickness. 
He has recovered his health and been at work in the Bible School as instructor. For 
some time it was feared the school would have to close, but the Lord was merciful 
and spared us this disappointment. 

Until this year the church in India has had but one substantial house of worship. 
In October the new house at Vali was completed and dedicated. These buildings are 
a credit to us and a constant blessing to all who have the privilege of worshiping in 
them. We trust the time may be near when other stations in need of church build- 
ings may also have special places of worship. Until then each station must use a 
schoolroom, living-room, or some such substitute. 

Annual Report 


We present herewith the report of the year, trusting it may be helpful and use- 
ful, not only to the Mission Board but to ministers, young people, mission bands, 
volunteers, and all interested in the world cause. 

"I planted, Apollos watered; but God gave the increase" (1 Cor. 3: 5). 

Sadie J. Miller. 

A Village School, Vyara, India. Teacher and Wife at the L,eft. 



I. S. Long, wife and three children and Sadie J. Miller. 

In May, 1905, Brother and Sister Ross opened the work at Vyara. In 1907 they 
secured land and built a bungalow. There has been much hindrance to the work, and 
in many ways, but the Lord has given many souls from among the common people. 
A church was organized in 1912. Sister Sadie J. Miller began work among the wives 
of the Christian men. These men had become Christians, but as yet the wives had not. 
More than forty have been baptized in these few years, which is a small number in- 
deed compared to the number of men baptized. Women are harder to reach than the 
men. When Brother and Sister Ross went on furlough, June, 1913, Brother and Sister 
Long took charge of the work. The outlook is encouraging for large results in the 
near future, but the people are very ignorant and much teaching will be necessary. 
They are known as the Kali Paraj, and are aborigines. 

Vyara town has a population of 4,000, and may be said to be the center of our 
work among the backward classes. Vyara County has a population of 57,000, and an 
average of 200 persons per square mile. In the total population of over 139,000 there 
are over 66,000 people of the backward classes. This station is thirty-eight miles 
from Surat. It is on the Tapti Valley Railway, which runs two trains daily each way. 
The climate is considered unhealthful. 


Another fleeting year has passed, and for us at Vyara, at least, it was better than 
1914, glad to be able to say. The work in all its departments is slowly progressing. 
" The mills of the gods grind slowly." We dare not hope that conservative castes in 
India will leap forward into new light, as the slaves of Civil War days leaped sud- 


Annual Report 

denly into freedom, and really well understood their freedom. Growth requires a cer- 
tain amount of time, and the missionary might as well make up his mind to'be satisfied 
with slow growth in grace among the multitudes. 


With these the case is almost wholly different, for the seventy boys and the eight- 
een girls in the Vyara schools are with us much of the year. It is almost a case of "As 

Class of Boys in Vyara Boarding-school. Head Teacher at L«eft. 

the twig is bent, the tree is inclined," and we should be falling short greatly if we 
could not truthfully say our children are fast growing in grace and in every good 
work. In the day schools the instruction has been of such a grade as to merit the 
praise of the government deputy educational inspector, for he passed 70 per cent of 
the children in examination. In the government boarding-schools he admitted that he 
is glad to have 60 per cent pass. 

Village Schools. 
We can not be especially proud of the village schools, for they are not as good 
as we long to see them. However, even by comparison with government schools, we 
may say we have six good day schools. Two of the six night schools may be said to 
be doing excellent work; the other four along with the remaining two day schools 
have " ups and downs" in attendance oftener than we enjoy. We would like to make 
more of the night schools, for this is the only time we can possibly hope to have the 
village Christians assemble daily. All who come get religious teaching and join in 
prayer. These are " the salt " of our Christian community. We have eight day and 
six night schools, with a total enrollment of 229. 

Sunday-School and Teacher Training. 

Amidst many hindrances and difficulties we are trying to make good in Sunday- 
school work. , It is gratifying to be able to report that 139 sat in the All-India Sun- 
day-School Examination — nearly double the number for 1914 — and nearly all passed. 
The Vyara schools got three prizes and one student got second grade in his depart- 

In the first-year course of teacher-training, eight out of nine passed; and in the 
second year ten out of fifteen have passed. A number had passed in the first-year 
course in 1914. This teacher training is proving a great blessing to our teachers. It is 
an " eye opener " into a new world. Much credit for the success of our Sunday-schools 
and teacher training is due to our young but enterprising boarding-school head teacher. 

Annual Report 



w w^t, 


--*-■ *4 | 

5 !,,# f 




1 /' ; 

■*<A V * ' 



Three Generations of Christians at Vyara. 

Satnikrone Randavi and family, with grandmother. Three children are not on 
the picture. They are away at school. 

The Church. 

Sometimes one feels as if it is not going good. Then again, praise the Lord, we 
have tokens that after all there is some real knowledge, some real grasp of spiritual 
realities, some development in the Divine life. The other day about noon, when the 
sun was scorching hot, I baptized two women. It is not wise to take off one's hat in 
the sun at midday, so I had one of our dull young men hold the umbrella over me. 
We have great difficulty getting this boy into night school, though living near us at 
the main station. Nevertheless, he was a great help both to me and to those fearful 
women, in the water; and intent to all that was said and prayed, he spontaneously said 
"Amen " with me. I thought to myself, " How much farther on he is than those newly- 
baptized women!" 

For one cause or another we got to the village less often than we hoped. One of 
our leaders is in the Bible School: a second was sick a good deal; so we felt weakened. 
The Word, however, was held forth and found its way into the hearts of forty vil- 
lagers and thirty of our boarding boys and girls, making a total of seventy added to 
the Lord during the year. 

One of our great hindrances at Vyara is sickness, and strange to say this applies 
to our native people more than to us foreigner workers. We missionaries were kept 

Village People Near Vyara. 

Head teacher at extreme right. Wife and child at extreme left. 


Annual Report 

graciously and were able for work the year around. God was good to us and we 
" rejoice in the Lord always." We press into the new year with faith and hope for 
success. We mean to fulfill the conditions for success, for we know that " the Lord is 
with you, while ye be with Him; and if ye seek Him, He will be found of you; but if 
ye forsake Him, He will forsake you." 


In reviewing our work of the year that has gone we always feel sad over the things 
that have been left undone, and yet there is much to praise the Lord for. Now we 
shall try to tell you, who are our supporters here, how we have spent the year 1915. 

There are only eighteen girls on the roll in the boarding-school here, but we hope 
soon to double the number when their new building is completed. We can see much 
improvement in the girls in a year's time. Nine of the girls have been baptized. Last 
year we wrote about the girls earning New Testaments by committing Scripture 

A Class in Boys' Boarding-school, Vyara. 

verses. The boys did likewise. Later, we offered Bibles as premiums for certain 
portions committed, and they took great interest. Fifteen boys and nine girls got 
Testaments, and nineteen boys and seven girls got Bibles. There are seventy boys 
enrolled in the school. 

Outside of school hours the boys work in the garden and fields, and the girls do 
housework, and sew. Besides sewing quilt blocks, they make all the clothing they 
wear, and now they are learning to make coats for the boys. The older girls can cut 
out their bodices and boys' coats. Cutting is hard for the India people, as they have 
never had an opportunity to handle scissors. The educational inspector commended 
their sewing, and last week at a fair, held in Vyara, three of our girls sat and sewed, 
and we had some of their work on exhibition. Each girl got a rupee as a prize for 

Looking after the sick requires no little time at certain seasons. We giv.e medicine 
to all on the compound, numbering in all about 100 people. Then the village teachers 
also come for medicine, and many come for itch and ringworm ointment. We can 
now send our worst cases to our own doctors, eighty miles away, or even call them in 
case of necessity, which is a great help. 

Annual Report 


We have had measles and chickenpox in our own home this year. Our general 
health has been good, and the health of our community better than last year, for which 
we praise God. There was only one death — a schoolboy was stung by a scorpion and 
died in several hours. 

Our own daughter, Esther, is of school age, so we aim to give her an hour's in- 
struction each day. 

These things, together with housekeeping, take all of one's time, and the days go 
by all too quickly. But we thank the Lord for strength and the privilege of service. 

Women's Work. 

Work among the village women in these parts is of only recent years. The sea- 
son for touring is very short when we take into consideration the vast number of peo- 
ple to be reached. This year we started tenting December 1. Our aim is to do for 
the women and girls what we can. 

Geikwad State has the compulsory school system. As a result more girls are be- 
ing educated than used to be. As soon, however, as they reach the age limit the par- 
ents take them out of school. They have not learned enough of the blessing of edu- 
cation to appreciate it. 

If the government teachers were earnest and upright men much good could be 
accomplished, but as it is, girls, especially, are sadly neglected and make little advance- 

We have met no women who can read and no girls who can read well. It is al- 
most a hopeless task to get women past middle age to sit for any kind of instruction. 
They are content to sit and listen to the younger ones learning, but those who learn 
for themselves are rare. If once we succeed in getting them to speak we may be 
*sure they will learn. Several women have been baptized during the year. One old 
lady, whose three children are Christians, decided she too will be one. Hitherto she 
felt the family could do religion for her. 

At Vyara a Bible class of seven 
women has been taught daily. They re- 
tain Bible characters and stories amaz- 
ingly well for illiterate people. All of 
them but two passed the Sunday-school 
examination in July. One of these, nev- 
er having taken an examination, had a 
very frightful idea as to what might 
happen to her, so she stayed away alto- 
gether. Next year she will understand, 
for she has learned better since the oth- 
ers took it. 

Mothers take pride in seeing their 
daughters learn to sew and read. When 
they see results it is pleasing to them. 
With little help the girls are very apt 
in sewing. Their garments are so sim- 
ple, that it takes only a short time to 
learn to make all they wear. 

Girls' Boarding-School 

The building which has been under 
construction for the girls is not yet com- A Christian Family, Vyara. 

pleted. They are in the old quarters, Compare these people with picture No. 4 of 

u* u - „~,~n ~~a :„~,-v,,r Q «: Q «4. this group and note the change that Christianity 

which are very small and inconvenient. miike % n the *opearance. 


Annual Report 

Girls in Vyara Boarding-school. Head Mistress in Center at Back. 

We have not succeeded in getting as many girls as we should have compared to the 
number of boys in the boarding-school, but as soon as the new building can be occu- 
pied others will be forthcoming. Those who are here are making splendid progress 
in every part of the educational work. 

They took part in the Sunday-school examination, and nearly all of them passed. 
Besides their regular school work they spend an hour each day sewing. It is our hope 
that they will be able to make coats for the boys also. Thus far they have pieced 
blocks and made only their own jackets and petticoats. These are the only two sewed 
garments, they wear. The sari is a garment which requires no sewing; a most con-' 
venient dress throughout India. 

The parents of our boarding children are farmers. They are glad to see their chil- 
dren enter heartily into the industrial farming, where weeding, digging, planting rice 
and cutting hay can be done by girls as well as boys. Parents have told us of girls 
in their villages who, attending the government boarding-school and doing no such 
work, have grown proud and above such work, so that they were as much as worth- 
less. We are always glad when the parents are pleased with what their children are 
doing in the institution. 

School and this work keep them busy from early morning until late in the even- 
ing. After their evening meal they sit in- night school where their lessons are prepared 
for next day. At the close of the night school they are given a lesson in Bible text 
study and rehearsal, followed by prayer. Nearly all the girls have been baptized. 
They have a great advantage over their village sisters, in that they can learn daily 
what Christianity really is. Our daily prayer and hope for them is that they may 
grow in the grace of the Lord and be spiritual giants among their own people. 

" The earth is the Lord's and the fulness thereof. The earth shall be filled with 
the knowledge of the glory of the Lord as the waters cover the sea" (Heb. 2: 14). 

Vyara Women's Work. 

Name of Workers. 

Place of Work. 


Rachel Daniel 

Head Mistress in Girls' School 

Devali Chalia 


Day School Teacher 

Chanchal Shiva 


Among village women 

Deraj Sumju 


Among village women 

Jamna Punjah 


Among village women 

Ganga Naran 


Among village women 

Lukki Lalla 


Among village women 

Suvarti Satwik 


Matron in Boarding-School 

Annual Report 39 



D. J. Lichty and wife; Q. A. Holsopple and wife and one child. 

Short History. 

Bro. McCann baptized the first people at Vali, during the famine days of 1900. 
Brother and Sister D. J. Lichty located there in January, 1904, and Sister Sadie J. 
Miller the same year in March. The raw converts were gathered together and more 
fully taught. Others were baptized. These workers lived in a grass hut six months. 
Sister Quinter spent 1906 in village work with Sister Miller. Bro. E. H. Ebys lived 
here several years, where he had charge of the village schools and evangelistic work. 
Brother and Sister Adam Ebey were at Vali during 1909 while Bro. Lichtys were on 

The mission has considerable land near Vali, which is being farmed by boys or 
men who were once orphanage boys and who have made farming quite a success the 
last few years. In 1912 Brother and Sister E. H. Eby went on furlough and Sister Eliza 
B. Miller took charge of the school-work. Some promising schools have been opened, 
but the Bhil people need yet to know the value of education. 

The native king at Nandod died during the year. His son has been crowned king 
and is friendly to our mission and missionaries, which means much to us in the work 
of that state. 


In sowing the good seed, an intellectual assent to the moral principles of the Gos- 
pel is quite readily attained. To inspire allegiance to Christ Himself is far more dif- 
ficult. Our religion is not that of a book, a set of moral rules, a creed, but that of a 
Person. To Him be praise and glory for all He did for us as we humbly tried to serve 
Him throughout the year that is past. We thank Him for good health, for courage 
and comfort, and for the joy of beholding at least a few souls joining themselves to 
Him for life and service. Yes, we are sowing, and what if the harvest we so much 
long for is delayed? In the fullness of time we or our successors shall reap if we faint 

Previous to her sailing for the homeland on the 6th of April, Sister Eliza B. Millef 
remained with us and had visited all the village schools, remaining some days to en- 
courage and instruct. We missed her valuable help and congenial companionship 
throughout the year, but rejoice in the good she is able to do and to receive in the 
homeland. Left to ourselves, Sister Lichty and myself were unable to do any systematic 
evangelistic work in the villages. Our time was taken up almost entirely in the admin- 
istration of the affairs of the various departments of our work and the erection of a 
new churchhouse in Vali. We had to be content with but occasional visits to our 
workers in the villages. These workers for the most part are school-teachers. Their 
business is to get hold of the children and to preach to the adults of the village as 
opportunity affords. To be precise, we have but three men who devote their whole 
time to evangelistic effort. There are three others from our district who are in their 
senior year of Bible study at Bulsar. These, we hope, will come to our assistance in 
1917, when we shall be glad to send others of our present force down for training. In 
the month of November Bro. Holsopples came to live with us. At the beginning of 
the new year they assumed the management of the station work at Vali. This allows 
Sister Lichty and myself to devote all of our time and efforts to village work. 


As will be noted in the statistical report hereto attached, the number of our schools 
has increased. More schools are now demanded than we have teachers to supply. 


Annual Report 

An encouraging feature of this line of work is, that the villagers are more willing to 
share the expenses of running these schools. At first we had to build the hut, supply 
the teacher, and most of the slates and books. Now, our expenses are almost entirely 
limited to the teacher's wages, and where there are night schools, oil. A sore need 
with us at the present time is a good boarding-school in which to train the brightest 
boys and girls for future use in the Lord's work. It is good to know that this need 
is recognized and provided for. 

Vali Farm Colony. 

It is yet too early to state what the financial outcome of the Vali Farm Colony 
will be. Yet it is safe to say that they are not reaping as bountiful a harvest as they had 
hoped for several months ago. In September we were threatened with entire crop fail- 
ure. October brought good showers, which encouraged such a rapid growth of stalk 
and stem as we never saw. But alas! not enough moisture remained in the ground 
to bring the crops to maturity. Yet most of our people will have enough to live on, 
and some will be able to pay on their indebtedness to the mission. Though other crops 
may fail, our farmers never fail in reaping a good crop of bright, healthy children who, 
after all, are the most valuable asset to any community. 

Vali Bungalow and Church. 


In the administration of our two churches, Vali and Taropa, we more and more find 
pleasure. Not so many irritating and unpleasant events, as formerly, take our time and 
strength. " We do have a few questions which need to be, settled wisely and well for 
the best interests of our people. These questions are not imaginary, but real. For in- 
stance, what should be done to a brother and sister, who, though joined in marriage, 
refuse to live together? Can a polygamous man be admitted to the church without 
first putting away all but one wife, and which one? Christians of other missions come 
to live in our community. They wish to partake of our communion. It is a stumbling- 
block to them as well as to non-Christians to ask them to be rebaptized. Also the 
divorce question is ever with us in all its aspects. God grant that we may not fail in 
helping our people to answer these questions in a way not contrary to the principles 
of the Lord Jesus and for their best good under the present circumstances. 

At a cost of $2,150 we now have at Vali a fine house of worship, thanks to the 
generosity of the Home Board and to the efforts of the local church, together with all 
the churches of the First District of India. Its accommodations are suitable for church 
services, Sunday-school and day school. The non-Christian community is now assured 

Annual Report 41 

that Christianity has come to stay. It is up to them to be either for or against it. 
What their future attitude will be in this respect will depend largely on us as leaders 
and teachers of the native church. Realizing this you will not forget to support us 
with your prayers as you supported us in the erection of the edifice. 


We kept no tabulated account of the cases treated in our dispensary, though doubt- 
less the total would have amounted to several thousands. Of course the cases were 
such as only amateurs could attend. Never were snakes so plentiful as last rainy sea- 
son. We had the satisfaction of saving several lives from the effects of snake bites, 
one being the wife of our schoolmaster in Vali. One (Christian woman died because she 
delayed to apply the proper remedy. 

For three years the mission had a young native brother with Dr. Wanless, the 
noted missionary doctor of the American Presbyterian Mission at IVTiraj, for medical 
training. In October he was temporarily placed in charge of our dispensary until he 
will be enabled to return to finish the senior year of his medical course. His wife is 
a trained nurse, so we hope that in the future they will be valuable to our Drs. Cot- 
trell in the medical department of our mission. During the year both the king and the 
prime minister of Rajpipla State invited our mission to build a good hospital in the 
state. It is one of the best ways of getting into the hearts of the people. 


The year 1915 has not been without its surprises. We were beginning to feel 
somewhat " located " at Bulsar — having been there since November, 1913. But on the 
return of Bro. Ross and family from furlough in February, 1915, we saw a possibility 
of some one taking our place at Bulsar and giving us opportunity to complete our 
language work. It had already been decided that we go to a hill station during the 
hot season for vacation. We proposed to the mission that we forego our vacation, but 
asked that we be given leave of absence until November in order to complete our 
language work. We further asked permission to do our study at a hill station. The 
mission kindly granted this. 

We remained by the work at Bulsar until the 20th of March. From about the first 
of March Bro. Ross and family were with us and gave us much help, especially in 
preparing for and entertaining the District Meeting. This was followed for several 
days by the quarterly committee meeting. The sisters have the heaviest part of the re- 
sponsibility when it comes to providing for such a meeting. It was during these days 
that a large box of dried fruit arrived, which was so kindly sent by friends in California. 
It means a great deal to get such a nice lot of fruit in this land. 

We decided to go to the hills as soon as convenient after District Meeting and 
begin our language study. Accordingly on the 30th of March, together with Brother 
and Sister Arnold and child and our teacher, David Prema, we left Anklesvar for a 
journey of 800 miles almost due north to the foothills of the Himalayas. On the even- 
ing of the second day we reached Landour after a fourteen-mile upward climb from the 
railway. Here we found the atmosphere chilly, but a warm reception in the home of 
Brother and Sister Blough. After spending more than three and one-half years on 
the sunny plains of India, with little variety to rest the eyesight from the glare, it was 
a relief to be among the hills, covered with green. That very first night we stepped 
out the back door to get a view of the snow-covered peaks of the Himalayas in the 
moonshine. They were only forty-six miles away! 

We had the pleasure of staying in sight of those snows for nearly seven months, 
and never did we grow weary of looking at them. After spending several hours at 
language work with my teacher I could go for a most refreshing walk over the slopes 
of the surrounding hills. We had the pleasure of making the acquaintance of a num- 
ber of missionaries of other missions. From them we received much help. Good 

42 Annual Report 

services twice each Sunday and prayer meetings on Thursday evening as well as other 
meetings were very much appreciated. It was my privilege to conduct prayer meet- 
ing twice and preach once in the Kellogg Memorial church at Landour. We will always 
have occasion to look back with pleasure to our sojourn in those beautiful hills. 

On our journey back to the plains we spent almost two weeks visiting a number 
of places. We were in four mission homes, in three different missions. At Lucknow 
and Cawnpore we were especially interested in seeing places of historic interest. These 
were scenes of cruelty and heroism in the days of the Mutiny. 

Just before leaving the hills we were told that we would be located at Vali (post, 
Umalla Village, via Ahklesvar). This is the place where Bro. McCann opened work in 
famine times. It has been carried on in the meantime by Brethren Lichty and Enoch 
H. Eby until the latter went on furlough. We looked forward with joy to taking up 
work here among the Bhils. 

On November 16, 17 and 19 I took the higher standard examination in Gujarati. 
This was conducted by a committee representing the United Language Board. The 
first two days were occupied with written tests and the last day was for oral examina- 
tion. The written work was taken at home, but I went to Ahmedabad for the oral. 
While here I was most cordially entertained at the home of the Rev. Dr. Taylor. He 
was one of my examiners. There were four candidates, all of whom were fortunate 
enough to pass. 

After returning from Ahmedabad and spending Sunday at Anklesvar we spent sev- 
eral days at Bulsar getting our goods ready for shipping to this place. While there 
I had my first experience in conducting a love feast. It being in the Gujarati lan- 
guage made it a new experience indeed. It was quite an enjoyable occasion. Since 
then we have been busily engaged in getting hold of some of the work at this place. 
The mission has seen proper to place the treasurer's work in my hands for the next 
year. As we look forward to the new year one of our greatest hopes is that by our 
being here it will enable Brother and Sister Lichty to get out into the district more 
than heretofore. The work at this place looks hopeful. May the Lord add many to the 
fold here as well as elsewhere! 

Umalla Village, via Anklesvar, India. 



Bro. Kaylor and wife; Sister Josephine Powell. 

Vada station was opened by Bro. S. P. Berkebile and a native brother in October, 
1905. In 1907 land was bought and a bungalow built. Until then our missionaries at 
this place sacrificed much, in that they lived in very ordinary native quarters, being 
much exposed to the heat and changes of climate. The people seemed interested and 
schools were opened. Sisters Powell and Ella Miller were located here upon their ar- 
rival in India. Sister Powell remained here until her furlough in 1913, except one year 
she lived at Bulsar when the Vada station had to be closed. The exposure, excessively 
hard building work and a siege of typhoid lowered Bro. Berkebile's vitality so much 
that they had to go to America on sick leave in 1910. When they left Brother and 
Sister Brubaker took charge of the work and remained there until his untimely death 
in October, 1910. For about the year the work was partly closed. 

A few native workers remained, and Bro. Adam Ebey made occasional trips to see 
them, except during the rainy season of 1911. In December, 1911, Sister Powell located 
here again, and Brother and Sister Kaylor also located here for language study. Things 
livened up at once. Then Brother and Sister Kaylor were sent to the Dangs to prepare 
to take the place of Bro. Pittengers when they would leave for furlough. Brother 
and Sister Heisey and Sister Anna M. Eby were sent to Vada for language study and 
lived with Sister Powell. Sister Powell went on furlough in June, 1913, and the three 

Annual Report 43 

newcomers were left at this far out-station with the work in charge. Bro. Heisey's 
health failing, they returned to America in January, 1914. Sister B. Mary Royer, 
who arrived in 1913, was located at Vada, but later it was decided she and Sister Anna 
Eby go to language school. This left Vada again without workers, and the station was 
closed until the latter part of the year 1915. The workers now located here are mak- 
ing a desperate effort to push the work and are spending much time touring and tent- 

Vada County has an area of 307 square miles, has 157 villages, and a population 
of about 45,000. There are good roads leading to Vada from the north and south. The 
nearest railway station on a good road is twenty-nine miles away. Seventy-five per 
cent of the people belong to the backward classes and 96 per cent are illiterate. There 
is also a large Mohammedan population. There is good opening for schools and 
school work. 

Dependent on Vada County and to the northeast is Mokhada Petha Sub-County. 
Its area is 224 square miles. It has sixty-four villages and a population of 35,000, of 
whom 88 per cent are of the backward classes and 99 per cent are illiterate. The gov- 
ernment has opened some schools and is trying to train some of the jungle people as 

Between Vada and the sea is Mahim County, with 400 square miles, 193 villages 
and a population of 85,000. Sixty-five per cent are of the backward classes and 95 per 
cent are illiterate. 


At the close of 1914 we were all glad to learn of the return of our missionaries 
from furlough. They reached here by the middle of February. Bro. Pittengers were 
to come out to their jungle home at Ahwa again, which was to allow us to go 
to language school to finish up the two years' course of study required. So after at- 
tending the District Meeting we went to the Hill Station, Mahabeleswer, where the 
school was in session. We found this to be a very pleasant place to study, as it is 
cool and beautiful, and in April and May many missionaries resort here to escape the 
great heat of the plains, and to get some rest. Association with them, many of whom 
were in the school, was a great benefit to us, as we heard from them many of their 
experiences and methods of work. Although from many different denominations and 
countries, there seemed a union of sentiment and purpose tliat was very pleasant to 
find. On Saturday sometimes some of us would go out picnicking to some of the his- 
torical and scenic spots that surround this place. These were splendid opportunities to 
study nature, to retire apart for reflection, and to get acquainted with each other bet- 
ter. "' ; 

At the close of the season here the students and missionaries separated to go to 
their various places of work, or pursuance of study. We came to Poona, the first city 
of any size to the southeast of Bombay. It is a political, geographical and commercial 
center, as well as in the midst of the Marathi-speaking area, and where there are al- 
ways good teachers to be secured. We staid at a place known as the Soldiers' Home 
or Mission. It is located near the Soldiers' Barracks, and is managed by a man and 
wife who have given themselves to the great and needy gospel work among the sol- 
diers. Refreshments were given them, and they could play games, have music, and 
many privileges that they could not have in the barracks. And then every evening a 
gospel message was given them, accompanied with prayer and gospel songs. Through 
these services and personal work many were led to accept their Savior. This was my 
first association in any way with soldiers. They were boys who had volunteered for 
the present war and were brought here for training. Many of them were very young, 
and had just left their parents, brothers and sisters and good homes. So sad to think 
of their going off to the front soon, some likely never to return. But saddest for those 
who would hear the glad message and not accept it. 

Our period of study closed with an examination, after which we came out to Vada 

44 Annual Report 

again, where we were the first year we were in India. No missionary has been here 
since Br.o. Heiseys and Sister Eby left here in 1913, so there is much to be done here 
to get the work started again. A couple of school-teachers and a couple of preachers 
staid by their work in several of the villages, through these hard years for them. 
When there is no missionary near to help them and for them to appeal to, the people 
give them much more trouble and opposition. They have been blessed of God and 
have come through this fire and are the better for it; the people are now more friendly 
to them and to us than before, and are receptive. So it is a very hopeful field. The work 
that Bro. Berkebile started and could not carry on, and that has had so many disap- 
pointments since, will yield fruit in time, once it can be worked. Brave soldiers have 
fallen here on the firing line, and because of the lack of workers there was no one to 
fill their places. Also at many of the other stations more workers are needed to man 
the work efficiently. 

A Bible and Training School is greatly needed for our Marathi workers, as the 
one at Bulsar is for our Gujerati workers, but we have no one to take up this great and 
important work. We are planning this work to be opened soon at Dahanu, but rein- 
forcements must cOme first. "O God! the Lord of the harvest, send the men needed, 
for the field is waiting and the laborers are so few," so let us all pray. 


I returned from America in February; was stationed at Anklesvar to help in the 
Widows' Home; staid there till July; then went to Poona where I could be in Marathi, 
until there was a place for me in our own Marathi field. While in Poona I had a pundit 
to feelp me in language study. In November I came to Vada with Brother and Sister 
Kaylor. This station having been vacated for nearly two years, it took us several weeks 
to get things cleaned up and have everything ready for future work, so I got but 
little village work done before Christmas. I went out a few times with the Bible wom- 
en to the near villages. On Christmas we had our Christian people come from the 
villages to enjoy the day with us. We enjoyed the day very much from a social 
standpoint, but much more did we appreciate the spiritual uplift we received. Bro. 
Kaylor preached a good sermon in the afternoon; then in the evening we had singing. 
The next day being Sunday, some of the workers staid with us. We had a meeting on 
Sunday morning, in which the workers took part. They told some of the experiences 
they had while living out here when there was no missionary at Vada. They had some 
things to bear that were a little hard, but they seemed to be the stronger for having 
endured these light afflictions. They are glad to have Bro. Kaylor back again to shep- 
herd them. Christmas over, I began preparations for touring, and started out in this 
work the last day of the year 1915. 

Vada Women's Work. 


Place of Work 


Sarah Pole 

Baga Jacob 

Ya swada Gaikwad 


Bible Woman 
Bible Woman 
Bible Woman 

Annual Report 




fS-i *-^X^£<£*>Jfc A) 

Jalalpor Congregation. 



J. B. Emmert, wife and three children. 

Short History. 

This station was opened in 1898 by Brother and Sister D. L. Forney, who con- 
tinued in charge until the early part of 1904, when it was taken over by Bro. J. B. Em- 
mert. As a result of a change in mission policy the orphans at Jalalpor were removed 
to Anklesvar and Bulsar, and later in the year the carpenter class was also removed to 
Bulsar. During the next five years Brother and Sister Long pushed a very active 
evangelistic campaign throughout the district. On account of the indifferent response 
of the people the Longs went to work elsewhere, and for a time the evangelistic work 
was closed. For four years the Widows' Home was located here and managed in turn 
by Sisters Quinter, Ziegler and Miller. Brother and Sister Emmert have been in 
charge of the work of the station since August, 1913. 

Jalalpor, near Navsari, is 148 miles north of Bombay. The county has a population 
of 80,000, made up of Hindus, Mohammedans and Parsis. Educational interests have 
been well cared for by the government, this being one of the foremost counties in Surat 
District. Caste feeling is strong in the larger towns. Chikhli Taluka or County and 
Bansda State were added to the territory of Jalalpor Mission Station during 1915. 

" Come and See." 
When report-making time comes we feel like inviting you to come and see rather 
than try to tell on a page or two of the year's work. The year has been full of joys 
and disappointments, of tasks begun and plans thwarted, of just common, everyday 
work which is hard to report and yet of vast importance in itself. We go and come, 
visiting schools and villages. Teachers and workers and villages come to us. We plan 
our work, but such plans are frequently spoiled by unexpected turns in events. But in 
it all we try to keep a frame of mind something like the Rev. J. R. Miller had when he 
wrote: "Why should I be worried? Every morning I give myself to God for what He 
will send me that day. If He sends me those who feel they need me, that is my work 
and I am content." 


Annual Report 

Seeking Openings. 

The evangelistic work at this station was closed several years. We have been 
seeking places to get hold again. We went to certain villages, just outside the bounds 
of former work done, and opened a small school. We found an open door and eager 
listeners. However, the petty king of the state thought it a slur on his kingdom to 
allow outside parties to have schools in his realm, so we had to close our school and 
even desist from preaching. There is plenty of room elsewhere, so for the time we 
have turned our backs on some who might gladly have heard and accepted, but we hope 
to return some time .when we have more workers. 

Four Instead of One. 

A little school was opened near Jalalpor. A grass hut, costing about four dollars, 
was erected to shelter it, and the teacher, who received a wage of a little more than 
three dollars a month, gathered together twenty-three pupils, most of whom had not 
been attending school. For a time all went well and the children came to our Sunday- 
school. Opponents appeared and threatened to drive the parents off the land on which 
they had built their huts, and boycott them by refusing to give them work if they did 
not keep their children out of the mission school. Many of the children stayed away 
and we decided that it was best to close the school as there is a government school 
near enough for those to attend who really want to. In the meantime a visitor from a 
village ten miles away saw the little school and requested that we open a school in his 
village. We sent the teacher whose school was closed. Soon another village asked for 
a teacher, and then a third and a fourth did so. Now we have in this new section of our 
district four good schools with a total enrollment of 112 pupils. Regular religious 
instruction is given in each school and we are welcomed by the parents. 

The Church. 

The membership of the church was slightly increased during the year by receiving 
ten members by letter. Two letters were given. Our thirty-one members are not all 
located in the immediate vicinity of Jalalpor, and so our congregations are sometimes 

rather small. We succeed in 
getting some non-Christians 
to attend. Those of our 
members located in villages 
are themselves centers of 
Christian influence. 

Preaching services were 
held each Sunday morning 
and Christian Workers' meet- 
ings in the afternoon. Most 
of the preaching was done 
by the missionary, but sev- 
eral times very acceptable 
preaching was done by two 
young brethren who are mis- 
sion workers but not minis- 
ters. The lay members con- 
duct the Christian Workers' 
meetings. The offerings of 
the year amounted to 194 
rupees and 9 annas. Of this 
55 rupees was the self-denial 
offering given for home mis- 

Jalalpor Primary Department. 

sion work. Beside this 20 

Annual Report 


rupees were given to Bible and tract societies in India. The average contribution to 
missions per member was 68 cents. 

Our Sunday-School Work. 

This work is not after the American standard, but there is work being done, and 
when examination time comes there are pupils who are anxious for the test. Last 
July we had 105 pupils to sit in the examination, and of these eighty-one passed. Of 
those who entered the examination eighty com« from non-Christian homes and one 
such won a New Testament, having made eighty-eight marks. The total enrollment 
of pupils was 266 as against eighty-eight last year. This increase is due to an increase 
in the number of schools, as well as in the size of the schools. 

During part of the year the central Sunday-school at Jalalpor had an attendance of 
as many as sixty-six. Pupils from three village schools came. They were quite an 
interesting addition to our school, as they were all non-Christian, totally ignorant of 
our religion, not too clean, scantily clothed, yet well enough behaved while in the 
meeting. Later we found it wise to give them their religious instruction in their own 
school rather than have them come to the mission, as it was causing suspicion and 
opposition among the caste people. Ways and methods change, but the aim remains 
the same. 

One of Our Mission Schools, Jalalpor. 

The School for the Fishermen. 

Since Bro. Forney's time we have had a school at Bhat, a village of fishermen. 
For about five years it was under the supervision of the Bulsar missionary, but was 
again included in the Jalalpor district during 1915. The government inspector was 
specially pleased with the result of the recent examination -and gave us Rs. 78 as 
grant-in-aid, the largest amount yet received for the school. The teacher of this 
school recently sent in a list of thirty subscribers for our Gujarati church paper. His 
work is not all smooth and easy-going. One night a drunken fisherman went 
throughout the village and warned the people not to send their children to the mis- 
sion school, threatening to fine, through the caste, any who did so. He so frightened 
the whole crowd that the next day not one of the seventy-five pupils of the school ap- 
peared. When the teacher learned the reason he boldly made a house-to-house visita- 
tion and sent the children to school, promising to take the consequences of their go- 
ing. They went and there has been no more trouble of the kind. 
Sermons Under Peculiar Circumstances. 

On the anniversary of the beginning of the war, at the suggestion of the govern- 
ment, loyal Indians all over the country assembled at their respective places of wor- 

48 Annual Report 

ship to pray for the success of the British arms. On the morning of the appointed 
day I had a visit from the second man in authority in our county, inviting me to at- 
tend the special prayer service to be held in the courthouse. After a few moments' 
thought I promised to come if at all convenient. At the appointed hour it was pour- 
ing rain and I went through the rain. We were very, very badly in need of rain, and 
the heavy shower just then caused all to think that God was pleased with their pur- 
pose to pray. The house was crowded. Schoolboys sang two songs and their teacher 
sang a prayer, pitched very high and in a minor key. A retired school inspector made 
an address, in which he attempted to vindicate the righteousness of the British cause. 
A resolution expressing the loyalty of the citizens present was passed and ordered 
sent to the district magistrate. All the while I was wondering if I might be called 
upon to take any part in the proceedings, and what that part might be. I had com- 
mitted my way to Him Whom we serve and asked that He guide. It was time to 
close, and perhaps not knowing just how to do it fittingly, the chairman asked me to 
pray. After hesitating sufficiently to make sure that he meant it I consented, on condi- 
tion that I be allowed to make a few introductory remarks. This privilege was gladly 
granted by all. Reasoning from the purpose of the meeting, I spoke to them — Hin- 
dus, Mohammedans, and Parsis — concerning the fact of God, His power, righteousness 
and willingness to hear prayer and of the essential conditions of prevailing prayer. I 
have but seldom had a more interested audience. Then in the name of our Lord Jesus 
Christ I led that mixed company in prayer. 

At another time the whole family was invited to attend a prize-giving exercise 
at a cottonseed oil mill near our home. Prizes were given for the best-kept rooms of 
laborers who dwell in houses provided by the company. It was the beginning of the 
Hindu New Year and a holiday. We were met and given places of honor and the 
usual garlands of scented flowers. During the inspection of the rooms a quarrel 
broke out among several families, members of which were drunk. The manager de- 
cided that they should have no part in the prizes given. We looked on with interest 
and breathed the usual prayer that the way be opened if it was the Lord's will that 
I witness for Him. The program finished, I was asked to make a speech. Being as- 
sured that it was the desire of the crowd as well as that of the manager I consented. 
After a few words of appreciation of the good qualities of their manager, who is a 
very good type of employer taking a deep interest in the welfare of his employees, and 
also a few words of praise for their well-kept houses, I turned the tide of thought to 
another prize-giving time, for which we are all in preparation now. The quarrel- 
some ones who were debarred from the rewards of the day were very suggestive to 
the hearers of those who on that final day must hear that awful sentence, " Depart 
from Me, ye workers of iniquity." 

The Printed Page. 

Our Sunday-school Quarterly. Sister Alice Ebey wrote very acceptable comments 
on the Sunday-school lessons throughout the year. These were solicited also for the 
Bombay Guardian, in which they appeared week by week. Sister Shumaker continued 
her very helpful suggestions for primary teachers. The translation of these notes is 
done at Jalalpor under my supervision. The finished product is compensation for the 
many weary hours spent over the Gujarati manuscript. Twenty-two hundred copies 
were printed per quarter and found their way to practically every mission station in all 
the missions of Gujarat. 

A Help to Bible Readers. 

A pamphlet of forty-eight pages, designed as a help and encouragement to daily 
and consecutive reading of the Bible once each year, was translated and published. 

Colportage Work. 

We were unable to distribute as much literature this year as we desired, on ac- 
count of the sickness of our faithful old bookseller, who for about fifteen years has 
been selling Gospels and tracts. He passed to his reward Jan. 14, 1916, and we have 

Annual Report 49 

not yet secured another to take his place. Each of the school-teachers keeps a supply 
of books and tracts and uses them as he has opportunity. We aim to give some gospel 
messages to all who come to our bungalow on whatever errand. Hundreds come for 
itch and ringworm medicine. Our little boy, past eight, usually supplies them with 
medicine and with each box sold gives a gospel tract. A few take them reluctantly 
while others ask for them. A young man came daily for several weeks to have an 
ugly sore dressed. At our suggestion he borrowed and read a dozen or more books 
and tracts. At Easter a two-page tract was written on the death of Christ and another 
on His resurrection. These were distributed broadcast among students and others who 
had holiday because it was the Christian Easter season. To reach out farther and 
touch many who do not come into the mission grounds, gospel handbills are tacked 
to a tree by the road. Hundreds have been distributed in this way. 


Health is a great asset in our work, and we would be ungrateful indeed were we to 
neglect to acknowledge the blessing along this line that we have enjoyed during the 
year. Sister Emmert has become much stronger, and besides giving Lloyd daily in- 
struction has taken her share of duties in the general work of the station. The chil- 
dren have been well for the most part, and our doctors have been ever ready to supply 
such remedies as seemed needed from time to time. We are specially indebted to them 
for their efficient and untiring help during the last weeks of the year when diphtheria 
broke out among us. 

We want also to thank all who have during the year contributed to the work 
in which we are engaged, or have written us letters, sent us papers or prayed for us. 
May His blessing rest upon you all for His glory. 


Adam Ebey, wife and two children; Anna M. Eby; B. Mary Royer. 

Short History. 

March, 1902, an Indian worker, John Kashap (Kosh'up), opened work in Dahanu 
(Du-hah'noo). In December, Brother and Sister Ebey located here. Bro. Ebey 
opened some medical work in 1903, and Dr. Yereman opened his dispensary work in 
1904. Many patients were treated and some operations performed. Hospital and dis- 
pensary buildings were planned near the sea, but the medical work was removed to 
Bulsar and closed here. Land was purchased near Karadoho (Kur-rah'duh-ho) and 
building work begun in 1905. Brother and Sister Brubaker had charge from Septem- 
ber, 1907, to February, 1910. Brother and Sister Ebey have been in charge since then. 
The people are friendly; the caste spirit is weak; opportunities for medical work are 
great. There are several good schools for the Varleys. 

Dahanu County has an area of 332 square miles, has 133 villages and a population 
of about 70,000. To the west is the Arabian Sea. Near the sea Hindu fishers and 
farmers form the mass of the population. Inland a few miles it is hilly and most of 
the people are aborigines. There is a large timber trade at Souta (Sou'tah), where 
over 100,000 carts of timber come in from the jungle in a single season of five months. 
About 70 per cent of the people are classed as backward, and 96 per cent are illiterate. 

Dependent on Dahanu County, and lying to the north, is Umbergaon (Oom'bur- 
gown) Petha (Pay'tah), or sub-county, with an area of 314 square miles, seventy-nine 
villages and about 70,000 people. They are backward and illiterate. 

East of D?.hanu is Jawhar (Ju-wahr') State. This is a native state with an en- 
lightened, educated king of the Koli (Koh'ly) caste. Its area is 310 square miles. It has 
107 villages with a population of about 55,000. Eighty-six per cent are aborigines and 
96 per cent are illiterates. 

The close of 1915 finds Sisters Anna M. Eby and B. Mary Royer living in a rented 


Annual Report 

house at Dahanu Road Station, ready for work. They expect to have several Bible 
women to assist them. 

A good tract of land near the station is being obtained, where a bungalow and 
other buildings will be erected. Dr. Nickey will soon locate here and have charge of 
the medical department. -gy ^DAM EBEY 

The years come and go. The old passes into the new so smoothly, that, but for 
the almanac, we should hardly know the difference in dates. Ordinarily, there is much 
sameness in our days. But they go by, and we know that we are farther on. Successes 
and failures there have been. More experiences and experience. More testing! More 
victories! More cause for faith! More FAITH! 


Six men have been at work a part or all of the year. The six spent forty-six 
months in all in evangelistic work, teaching and preaching. All have been well re- 
ceived. Sickness has prevented some from putting in full time. 

Eight were baptized. Of these, two were Brahmans. They had been wandering 

One of Our Prospects — a School of Mitra (Fisher) Children. 

here and there in search of soul-satisfying peace. They have found it, and are earnest 
students of the Word. One is a young man. 

Four of the wives of workers have been teaching the women. 


The work this year has been hampered by the plague, and, in a more general way, 
by hard times and war conditions. 

Some Roman Catholic carpenters became interested and bought Bibles and other 
books. Their priest found it out. Wonder of wonders, he did not destroy the books! 
He, however, ordered them returned, and told his people not to buy Scriptures that 
did not have the sign of the cross prominent. 

Two colporteurs were at work during the year. Some books were also sold and 
given away by other workers. Table 

Dahanu Palghar Bungalow 

Station. Station. etc. Total. 

Bibles, 7 5 4 16 

New Testaments, 3 4 2 9 

Scripture Portions, 736 919 50 1,705 

Total Scriptures, 746 928 56 1,730 

Tracts and Books, 1,390 2,088 3,000 6,478 

Total of all, 2,136 3,016 3,056 8,208 

Trains attended, 888 1,176 2,064 

Value of all disposed of, $12.50 $14.00 $12.00 $38.50 

Annual Report 


We opened the year with twelve schools and closed with nineteen. Several new 
ones have been opened for backward class boys. Plague disturbed the school work 
especially, and some were closed for a few months, but at the end of the year twelve 
day schools and seven night schools are in session. Look at the tables for 1913 and 
1914, and then look at this one: 

Name of the School. 









1 Soravli, Gujarati, 

2 Mussalpada, 

3 Mussalpade, Night, 

4 Chimbave, 

5 Chimbave, Night, 

6 Chikli, 

7 Chikli, Night, .... 

8 Malyan, 

9 Masoli, 

10 Vangaon, 

11 Vangaon, 

12 Agvan, 

13 Agvan, Night, .... 

14 Souta 

15 Patharpada, 

Patharpada, Night, 
Soravli, Marathi, 



18 Soravli, Marathi, Night, 

19 Karsod, 

261 1 

























27 13 
36| 22 














291 26 

13 15 

13| 12 

11| 12 

23) 15 









Totals 3,581 

594| 44| 638 15 


497 315) 410| 376[ 196 282 

Notes on Schools. 

Nos. 1 and 9 are Gujarati schools. No. 14 is Gujarati and Marathi combined. All 
the others are Marathi. Nos. 2, 3, 4, 5, 12, 13, 17, 18 and 19 are for Varley children. 
Nos. 15 and 16 are for fisher people. The others have a good many different classes, 
except No. 9, which has all low-caste children. The night schools are for large boys 
and young men who have to work in the day. The principal teachers are all educated 
from the fifth vernacular book 
up to the seventh English book 
or matriculation standard. Sev- 
eral have had some normal 
training. Their work shows it, 


This is where, perhaps, the 
best work is done. If the teach- 
er knows his Bible and his busi- 
ness, he will not lose anything 
by spending time in Sunday- 
school work. We have had some 
good schools. Other teachers 
have not succeeded in getting 
Sunday-schools started. Ten 
schools have been ill session all Qne of 0ur Fre<|uent callers at Dahanu (A Beggar). 


Annual Report 

f 1 


*\ ^R s^' 


Shy Fisher Women, Dahanu. 

or a part of the year. One 
for our Christians met at the 
bungalow every Sunday. 
Plague and other diseases 
closed some of the schools 
for a few months. This, in 
part, accounts for the fail- 
ures in the I. S. S. U. exam- 
ination last July. 
Some days about all we 
get done is in the dispensary 
or with sick people. It is 
hard work for one who 
knows so little about medi- 
cine, but it is a blessed work. 
Not only do the sick people 
get a blessing, but the giver, 
too, gets a blessing. Our dispensary work has had a healthy growth: In 1903, 9,994 
cases; in 1914, 11,034; in 1915, 13,189. Over 41 per cent of the cases the past year were 

Skin diseases furnished over half the cases. There were many more cases of sore 
eyes than usual. We treated 223 injuries. We began the year with plague and closed 
it with diphtheria. We treated eighteen cases of plague. With a few exceptions, the 
worst cases died. Those who were near us, so that we could give them close attention, 
got well. We were hampered in our work for plague patients by having a mild form 
of plague ourselves. Nearly every one on the mission premises was inoculated against 
the plague. 

In November Adah took sick. It proved to be diphtheria. She died in St. George's 
Hospital, Bombay, Dec. 10. Leah also was in the hospital about three weeks. She was 
discharged, but she is not yet well. 

But there is a most hopeful time in sight for the Dahanu medical work. Our 
sister, Barbara M. Nickey, M. D., is to have charge of the medical department here. 
What compensation for all the years of struggle! The Lord be praised! We thank God 
and take courage! 

My Work at Vada. 

Having had charge of the Vada work for eleven months of 1915, a short report is 
in order. It was harder to get to Vada than a year ago. But the school and evangelis- 
tic work went on after a fashion. Three schools were in session all year and one for 
three months. Eighty-four children were on roll with an average attendance of fifty- 
five. Malaria of a severe* type about closed one school for a time. One teacher spent 
much time in preaching to the people in the evenings, holidays and Sundays. Another 
reports occasional preaching. 

Two men and two women were in direct evangelistic work. They report a total of 
•1,040 days, usually going out in the forenoon and afternoon. The four also report 
having had 18,129 hearers. Of Course, this means that a person was counted as often 
as he was in a group of hearers. This, in some cases, was many times. This report is 
for ten months. 

Some searchers and applicants are reported. We hope that with proper supervision 
these may be numbered with us in 1916. One Mohammedan and his wife came from 
Vada to Dahanu for baptism, but it seemed best to put them off. 

About Dec. 1, Brother and Sister Kaylor and Sister Powell took charge of the 
Vada work. It looks hopeful to us. May God bless the missionaries and workers 
there! And the waiting souls! 

Annual Report 53 


The old year with all its busy days has gone. There have been trials, disappoint- 
ments and sorrows. But there have also been encouragement and joy and comfort in 
the Lord. Many blessings come daily from our Father's hand, and we know that " in 
due time we shall reap, if we faint not." 

The Home. 

Here the missionary mother always finds her first duties. To oversee the house- 
keeping and the securing of supplies is no small task, even though we keep Indian 
helpers. The numerous details, the economizing, the arrangement of meals, necessitate 
the personal attention of the missionary. The care of three small children in a tropical 
climate also requires considerable time. Then, too, there are many garments to be 
made and mended. At the close of the year, an hour or two each day have been de- 
voted to teaching our daughter Lois, for there are no English schools near. 

Every day there are visitors, and we are glad for the opportunity to encourage 
and help our Christian men and women, to teach some little child or to speak a word, 
for our Savior to some heathen friend. Thus each day brings countless opportunities 
to bear witness for Christ in this sin-cursed land. Would that we were always wise 
enough to speak the right word at the right time. 

The Children. 

This is the most hopeful branch of work, and the opportunities are many. We 
have not been able to do much for the children in the villages, but Sisters Eby and 
Royer, who have recently come to us, will be able to do much for them in the future. 

We have met with the children in Sunday-school on Sunday morning on our 
veranda. There was an average attendance of seventeen, most of them Hindu chil- 
dren. Two Hindu children missed but one Sunday during the year. Twelve took the 
Sunday-school examination and four secured certificates. They sing many Christian 
songs and repeat Scripture texts with commendable zest. They bow reverently when 
we pray and repeat together the Lord's prayer. Our little Adah loved to sing with 
these Indian children. Dec. 5 she met with us the last time. Five days later she 
joined the chorus in heaven. 

The Women. 

The Christian women met on Thursdays for Bible study and prayer. Four attended 
regularly throughout the year. Others stationed in villages further away come as op- 
portunity affords. We studied, chapter by chapter, the Epistles of Peter and the Book 
of Revelation. These women, though mostly illiterate, took keen interest in the study 
of the wonderful visions of the future, as John, the Revelator, portrays them. They 
also attend my Sunday-school class Sunday afternoons. Four of them passed the All- 
India Sunday-school Examination in July. 

Sickness and Sorrow. 

When sickness comes into the homes of our Christians we gladly do what we can 
to help and encourage. We had much sickness among our people during the early 
months of the year. Cholera and plague raged all about us. Many of our heathen 
neighbors died. Their helplessness and sorrow that knows no comfort was pitiable. 
Some of our own number were stricken, but God graciously spared every one in the 
Christian community. It was a time for trust and prayer, and the experience was not 
without its blessing. Later in the year a babe in a Christian home passed away. A 
Christian mother who had been with us many years also died, leaving her husband and 
two little ones. 

The health of our own children had been good. But near the close of the year 
our dear little three-and-a-half-year-old Adah took diphtheria. With the help of 
Dr. Cottrell and Sister B. Mary Royer we took her to St. George's Hospital, Bombay, 

54 Annual Report 

where she lingered but twenty-four hours, when she slipped away to the home where 
no pain nor sickness, no death nor sorrow ever comes. Dr. Cottrell had returned 
to Dahanu to give anti-toxin to the other children. No train came in time to bring any 
other of our missionaries for the funeral. A Methodist missionary of Bombay officiated 
at the burial, and Sister Royer and I alone followed the little body to its resting place 
by the side of missionaries and missionaries' children. Yet we were not alone, for the 
Lord gave strength and comfort. That same evening our Baby Leah Ruth was placed 
in the hospital. The disease was arrested, and in three weeks we returned home, where 
every nook and corner reminds us of the dear little life that is with us no more. But 
we try to think of her j-oy in the presence of Jesus, and we know that the will of our 
Father is always and only good. We praise the Lord for sparing to us the two little 
daughters, and we hope their lives may speak for His praise and glory. 

" We know that all things work together for good to them that love the Lord " 
(Rom. 8: 28). 


Most of my time has been given to language study, two and a half months during 
the hot season at the language school in Mahableswar affording excellent opportunity 
to get started well in the language, and five months at Poona, where competent pundits 
were available. 

I have not carried on medical work regularly. Have rendered advice and aid in 
individual cases, missionary and native. I had the privilege of substituting for the Eu- 
ropean doctor in the Church of Scotland Mission Hospital for women and children at 
Poona, during her six weeks' vacation. The largest number of in-patients we had at 
one time was seventy-eight; averaged about forty-five cases. 

We had medical, surgical and maternity cases. Many of the maternity cases came 
to the hospital after they had been damaged badly by ignorant native midwives. The 
damage done by them can scarcely be imagined, and emphasizes more the great need 
of Indian mothers for efficient medical care. 

In several cases of extreme deformity from bone disease we were able to save 
mother and child by Caesarean section. Had we not had the necessary equipment we 
would have had to let both mothers and children die. 

In this work we got more insight into the needs of the people, methods of medical 
missionary work, and of training assistants, which will be very helpful in carrying on 
our own work. 

Because of the work Bro. Ebey has carried on for years the medical work has de- 
veloped to such an extent that we could use a hospital now at Dahanu. It has been 
decided to carry on the work at the railroad station. For this land must be bought 
and a building put up. We have a promise from government for a very suitable 
piece of ground. Then we need very much a building to be used for dispensary, an 
operating room, and rooms for in-patients. About $1,500 is needed at once for this 
building. It will be the beginning of the plan for a hospital. If we would glorify our 
Father in our work we must prepare to do efficient work, and meet the needs of the 

We need also a well qualified, spiritual nurse, who can learn the language, to as- 
sist in the work and help train native assistants. 


During the past year most of our time was spent in Poona, studying the language. 
While there was no definite work assigned to us, we had some opportunities for serv- 

There were a number of dobeys (washermen) living in our neighborhood. It 
was our hope that, in some way, we might be able to reach their children. One day 
several little boys were playing on our compound. We began to converse with them 
and told them Bible stories. They were pleased and asked us to tell them stories 

Annual Report 


again sometime. We agreed to do so each Sunday if they would come to our bun- 
galow. They came and brought others with them. It was the beginning of a Sunday- 
school which grew to an average attendance of thirty-five during the rains. 

In the month of September plague broke out in that section of the city, and for 
several Sundays the attendance was small. Three of our number succumbed to the 
dreaded disease. One little boy, who was the first to go, had never heard the name of 
Jesus before he came to us. He was intensely interested and eager to know the truth. 
The other children of his class were deeply impressed by his going. The occasion af- 
forded opportunity for the teacher to speak to them of what death means to the be- 
liever. The oldest girl in the school was especially impressed and spoke of his going 
to heaven. The following Sunday her place was vacant. We know not what the teach- 
ing received in the Sunday-school may have meant to her in the dying moments, but 
we know that, with a simple, childlike faith she accepted the truth. 

During the year we also visited other missions and learned of their methods of 
work, which is a privilege for young missionaries. 

Late in the autumn we came to Dahanu, which is to be our permanent place for 
work. We are near the railway station, Dahanu Road. Our postal address is Dahanu, 
Thana District. We live in rented quarters in the heart of a small village and are sur- 
rounded by heathen sounds, sights and smells, which are not always pleasant. How- 
ever, we are comfortable and happy to have a place we can call home. 

Our work will be among the women and children of the villages where we have 
schools. As in all other mission lands, the education of girls has been neglected, and 
it is our sincere hope that we may be able to reach them. 

There are several thousand of the fisher class living in our territory. They have 
abandoned their idols and asked us to educate their children and teach them our re- 
ligion. This is an open-door in the full sense of the word. Upwards of fifty schools 
might be opened in the villages where these people live, but at present we have not 
teachers to supply them. Will you join us in prayer that the Lord may send the Indian 
workers needed to help gather the ripened grain in this part of His great harvest field? 

We were fortunate in securing two trained Bible women from the American Mis- 

We feel that the Lord has given us large opportunities for service. We pray for 
love, patience and courage to go forward in His strength and accomplish that for which 
He has sent us. 

Dahanu Women's Work. 

Names of Women Workers. 

Place of Work. 

Their Work. 

Shantibai Padale. 



Bajubai Kehma. 


Bible woman. 

Chandrikabai Rananamre. 


Teacher and Bible woman. 

Gracebai Kangalia. 


Teacher and Bible woman. 

Rachelbai Yeshavant. 


Teacher and Bible woman. 



Brother and Sister A. W. Ross and three children, Brother and Sister Blough, Drs. 
A. Raymond and Laura Cottrell, Ida C. Shumaker. 

Short History. 
Bro. Stovers and Sister Ryan came to Bulsar March, 1895. Here they established 
our first mission station in India. That same year Bro. D. L. Miller and wife visited 
our field in India. Famine relief work was undertaken. Two boarding-schools were 
established, one for boys, one for girls. In 1900 Sister Eliza B. Miller came to Bulsar 
and soon took charge of the Girls' Boarding-school. She remained in this place ten 


Annual Report 

years. During her first furlough Sister Mary N. Quinter had charge of the Girls' 
Boarding-school. Brother and Sister Adam Ebey had charge of the work in general 
during Bro. Stover's first furlough, 1901-02. In 1904 Bro. Emmert enlarged the indus- 
trial work, especially that of carpentry. In 1914 Bro. Holsopple took charge of the 
industrial work. Brother and Sister Blough had general charge of the work and con- 
tinued until they went on furlough. In 1908 a large, substantial church was erected. 
Sister Quinter had charge of the Boys' Boarding-school three years, and Sister Powell 
assisted in this work in 1911. At the beginning of 1912 Sister Shumaker assumed the 
care of the Girls' Boarding-school. In 1913 Bro. Blough returned to Bulsar and 
opened the Bible School. At the close of 1913 Drs. A. Raymond and Laura M. Cot- 
trell came to Bulsar, where they have acquired the language and are already overworked 
in the medical department. In 1913, also, Sister Widdowson took up work among the 
women at Bulsar until she was located at Anklesvar. 

Bulsar County, with 200 square miles, has a population of about 90,000, 16,000 
being in the town of Bulsar. The Brethren Mission is the only one working here. Up- 
on their return from furlough, Bro. Ross and wife were located at Bulsar, where they 
have been doing most commendable work. Bro. Ross has succeeded in getting the 
Bible School students into carpenter work certain hours each day, which proves most 
beneficial all around. In addition to this he has succeeded in opening work east and 
south in Dharampore State, which occupies 360 square miles and has 120,000 population. 

In this section of the country we have all classes of Hindus, Mohammedans and 
Parsis, especially in Bulsar town. In the country districts are many thousands of the 
aboriginal people, who are considered quite accessible. 

■-;V ;' :.< 

Bible School, Bulsar. 


"Bless the Lord, O my soul, and forget not all His benefits." The Lord says: 
" Whoso offereth praise glorifieth Me." The first thought must be one of praise, for the 
Lord has abundantly blessed during the past year. Yes, He has kindly condescended 
to hear and answer prayer, and He has mercifully given strength to continue His work, 
and He has sustained us in it day by day. To Him be the praise evermore. 

The first six months of the year were spent on the mountains, and practically the 
only service that was open to us was the one of intercession, which was indeed very 
precious. What a blessed God, that He puts at the disposal of our faith the riches'of 
His power and glory! 

The Bible School. 

July 1 the school was reopened to complete the second year's work. In 1914 one- 
third of the work had been done, so there were still four months' work to be done. Elev- 

Annual Report 


en men and seven women were in the class. Bro. Ross took one of the classes and I two 
of them, and by making the periods longer each day we were able to finish the work in 
three months. The fourth month was given over entirely to the fourth .subject (psy- 
chology), which was taught by one of the class who had studied it before in the train- 
ing class. The eleven men and four of the women passed in the examination. 

After one month's vacation the third year's work was begun Dec. 1. Since this class 
already has been delayed so long it is hoped that they can finish all their work now 
right along without being sent to work elsewhere between terms. Bro. Ross, although 
crowded with the many duties of the station, is again kindly conducting one of the 
classes. The work is going on nicely and the students are growing in spirituality 
as well as in knowledge. May we enlist the prayers of many of the readers in behalf 
of these workers, that they may indeed be filled with the Spirit! 

Normal Training Class. 

During the first half of the year while the Bible School was closed another class 
occupied the Bible dormitories. This class was taught by Bro. Govind Khangar and 
continued four months. They had a period in Old Testament history, and one in the 
life of Christ, and the other two in the art and science of teaching. The class was made 
up of teachers, six men and four women, and of these seven passed. It is very im- 
portant that all of our teachers have such training, and we hope later on to be able to 
give all of them more training of this kind, for most of our village workers are teach- 

We are grateful to our kind Father in heaven for all His goodness to us during 
the year, and also to all in America who supported us with their means, prayers and 
sympathy. May we continue to be workers together with God. 

Work in the Bible School. 













Name of Teacher. 




Subjects Taught 






J. M. Blough, 

A. W. Ross ) 

Govind Khangar, . > 
Govind Khangar, . * 






0. T. His- 

1 Samuel to 

Life of 

Romans to 


Bible Doc- 




In June of 1915 we were permitted to return to our work and home at Bulsar. 
This time we moved into the new bungalow, Juniata Cottage, which was finished a 
few months before and was occupied by Sisters Shumaker and Widdowson. On our 
return Sister Widdowson went to Anklesvar again as the need of her help there was 
very great. She had done most faithful and efficient work here among the women. 
I could see much improvement in their lives. They had many nice things to say about 
her. It was indeed a great joy to take up the work with them again. 

During the Bible School term I had a daily Bible class with the women who could 
not enter the regular class. Two of these also had daily lessons in learning to read 
and write. I paid one of our India sisters sixty-six cents per month to teach them 
two hours a day. One of these is the wife of a minister. She is an exceptional woman, 
with a deep spiritual life, and she is making this effort (which is a hard one for her) so 


Annual Report 

that she may read the Bible for herself and be more helpful in the work of the Lord. 
Sometimes it pays to concentrate one's efforts on a few. 

We had our regular meetings for all the women each Thursday afternoon. We 
have a Bible lesson and at roll call each one responds with a Scripture verse. Fre- 
quently we do sewing at this meeting also. We made one quilt this year. 

On Sunday afternoon we have a meeting for the women, girls and small children. 
This meeting is generally conducted by themselves, but we make the programs for 
them and try to have all of them, from the oldest to the youngest, take their turns 
in taking some part in the meeting. Of course we are always present to help them 

We made frequent visits for personal work in all the homes of our Christians, and 
held meetings in the different villages when convenient. Our Christians live in five 

Bulsar Aid Society. Sister Blough Sits at Extreme Bight. 

groups somewhat separated from one another, and for convenience we call each a vil- 
lage. In times of 'sickness our Bible class went to have prayer and give the help and 
comfort needed. In this there was a double benefit. The class received training in. 
such work and the sick were comforted. This service was always appreciated. 

One of our oldest sisters, Buribai Ranchod, died Dec. 28 after a short, severe ill- 
ness. She was eager to go home to be with Jesus. The last evening I went with our 
good doctor, Laura Cottrell, as she went to administer the last bit of relief that could 
be given to her in a medical way. We talked to her about going to her everlasting 
home and she was eager to go. I gave her " good-bye " for the last time on earth. 
After we went she told her husband in which box he would find her burial clothes. She 
also requested that no coffin be made for her, as they did not have much money. Her 
body came from earth and would return to earth. Her old mother is still living, and 
to her she committed her granddaughter, whom she had raised. Then she said " Good- 
bye " to all. When her suffering became very great in the night they again called our 
doctors, who went and stayed by her util she fell asleep in Jesus. She is missed very 
much. Thus one by one they pass over. 

In December most of the missionaries were here for a week of Bible study and 
prayer. It was a most enjoyable time, but we were sorr}^ some could not be here on 
account of sickness. Since we have two bungalows here it is easier to entertain so 
many at a time, and yet it was necessary for some to sleep in the upper room in the 
church. How we do appreciate the new bungalow, and how much it is needed, too! 
It is very important for our missionaries to get together for fellowship as well as for 
business, but it takes room and conveniences to entertain them, so we are very glad 

Annual Report 59 

when there can be two bungalows at a station, for this makes it possible to hold larger 

At the close of the year we have much for which to rejoice and be thankful. We 
are happy in the work and pray that our efforts may always be to God's glory and 


There has been a gradual but marked increase in the medical work of the past year. 
During our first year we practically limited our medical work to the missionaries and 
the Christian community, so as to interfere as little as possible with our language 
study. Now we see all who come, and by far the larger proportion of the patients are 

The rate of growth has been about as follows: In August of 1915 from twenty 
to twenty-five patients came each day, and in January, 1916, from thirty to fifty came 
each day for medicines. The amount of growth is largely limited by the very inade- 
quate quarters available for the work. Up to this time we have been living in a single 
room, and one end of this room and part of the bathroom have been given up for med- 
icines and medical supplies. For obvious reasons we can not have the patients come 
into our own room. The only other room available is the end room of the helpers' line, 
and there we are carrying on the work. 

This one room, ten feet wide by fourteen feet long, has served as consulting room, 
treatment room, drug room, dispensing room, and operating room, for men, women and 
children. The waiting room is the veranda and the yard outside, and every weekday 
from nine to twelve it is usually a busy place, for here congregate all manner of sick, 
lame, halt, and blind people. Here you will see men, women and children, Christians, 
Mohammedans, Hindus, Parsees, rich and poor alike, awaiting their turn. To a con- 
siderable extent the number who come is limited by the number who can be waited on 
in this small place. 

We are very glad to report that work has been commenced on the dispensary or 
out-patient section of the new hospital and as soon as that is completed we will be able 
to care for many more patients with much less effort. Operative cases have been 
turned away almost daily because there has been no room where they could be kept, 
and so far our operations have been only of a minor nature. Soon we will have six 
rooms available for in-patients, and then we will no longer need to turn all such cases 
away. Many more rooms are needed, but there are not funds enough as yet. At a cost 
of fifty dollars you can provide for the expenses of one of these beds for a year, and 
we can assure you that the bed will be occupied and others waiting to come. Just at 
this place let us tell you that from a missionary standpoint the hospital cases are the 
most profitable ones that we come in contact with. Dispensary patients are seen for 
only a few minutes each time they come, and so can receive only a very little gospel 
teaching. A hospital patient remains with us for some days, and there is opportunity 
all day long for spiritual teaching and guidance, so you can readily see how desirable 
it is from an evangelistic standpoint to have a number of rooms available for in-pa- 
tients. By in-patients we mean those who come to the hospital and stay until dis- 

Under very adverse conditions we have cared for quite a number of in-patients in 
the homes of the Christian community, but so far there has been absolutely no room 
available for non-Christian hospital cases. May the day speedily come when the church 
in America will make it possible for us to reach this very needy people. 

Dr. Laura Cottrell has charge of the obstetrical work, and so far she has had thirty- 
four cases and, under the blessings of God, all have done well. It means very much 
indeed for these people to have competent care at the time of childbirth, for the, mor- 
tality rate of such cases in all heathen countries is enormous when left in the hands of 
ignorant midwives. These patients have been very grateful and appreciative of what 
has been done for them, and especially grateful that Dr. Laura, as a lady physician, has 

60 Annual Report 

been here. Including the after-calls on the confinement cases we have made from three 
to six outside calls each day during the last few months. 

In November of 1915 we visited nearly thirty dispensaries and hospitals in northern 
and western India. Most of these are missionary institutions, the rest being govern- 
ment establishments. Medical work here in India differs much from that in America, 
and by making such a visit we are enabled to profit by the experiences of others. Now 
we have a much more adequate idea of how our own dispensary and hospital buildings 
should be built and how the work should be carried on. We have found the trip of 
decided value and help. 

Remember us and our work, that all may be done to the honor and glory of God. 


Our work has been practically the same as last year. We have tried to make 
improvements all along the line, and to start some new work. 

At the beginning of the year we had in our Girls' Boarding-school, twelve 
small girls and seventeen large girls, not including one large girl at Jalalpor and two 
at Anklesvar. During the year, six little girls were admitted to boarding-school, and 
twelve large girls were married. While the number of large girls in the Orphanage 
decreases each year, the number of families ,in our Christian communities increases, 
and more children are admitted into our boarding-schools and day schools. For this 
we are most grateful. This denotes a healthy condition, and is a long step in the right 

In addition to the training of the head, the heart, and the hand, which they re- 
ceive in school, they are also trained in the art of home-making. 

In our Girls' School we had an enrollment of eighty pupils — forty-two in the main 
school and thirty-eight in the kindergarten department. This shows, on the school 
register, an increase of fifteen pupils over last year; an increase of thirteen pupils in 
average attendance and an increase of two per cent in percentage of attendance. School 
was open 208^2 days during the year. During the hot season we had morning school 
from 7 to 10:30 o'clock, and in the evening the regular study period from 7 to 8:30, 
under the direction of a regular teacher. 

Seven teachers were employed at an average salary of ten rupees per month. In 
spite of the fact that, for the most part, we must use untrained teachers, the report 
of government inspector was most gratifying. Though a non-Christian, he made spe- 
cial mention of the work done in Bible study, especially in the kindergarten depart- 
ment. He was much pleased with the handwork in all departments and with the start 
made in nature study, domestic science, and in the securing of suitable books for our 
girls' library. At present we have only twenty volumes, but more are on the way. 
(This was made possible by a liberal donation from friends at home.) We also have 
a collection of forty-three different kinds of seeds, grains, etc., besides some curios 
for our nature cabinet. 

In connection with our Girls' School we have formed a new class. This class is 
composed of non-Christian boys and girls living round about us, but who do not be- 
lieve much in getting an education. Long have we worked and planned and prayed 
that these might be won. We tried many devices to capture the leader among the 
boys and the leader among the girls. The boy was won by a picture, the story of 
which won his heart. The girl was won by the use of a needle, and then a Bible story. 
On the first day we enrolled thirteen boys and girls, not including the babies, who 
must come if their older brothers and sisters come, for they are their caretakers. In 
the early morning the parents and older children are off to work. The babies are left 
in charge of the younger ones for the day. By persistent effort and downright hard 
work, and many prayers, a class of thirty-five non-Christian boys and girls presented 
themselves for inspection and examination and passed a very creditable examination. 
The inspector was very well pleased. He spoke kindly to these children and plead 
with them to continue to come to the mission school for training. This splendid en- 

Annual Report 61 

couragement, coming from the source it did, was most gratefully received. We feel 
to praise the Lord and take courage and push forward. While there are many ad- 
versaries at work trying to snatch these from us, we have faith enough to believe 
that, in the end, all will be well. "If God be for us, who can be against us?" Pray 
that grace and wisdom and power and strength sufficient to finish the work of the Lord 
thus begun may be given. To Him be the praise, the honor, the glory! 

One class from the main school suddenly disappeared. This class was composed 
of the sixteen Marathi girls, whom we imported from Pandita Ramabai's school in 
August, 1914, to be trained as wives for some of our workers in Gujarat. A special 
teacher was hired for this class, but in May, 1915, she awoke to the fact that she had 
lost her job — for her class was no more. (Later she was placed in charge of this class 
of non-Christian boys and girls.) 

What happened to this class? Listen! Soon after these girls came to us, the wed- 
ding bells began to ring, and they continued to ring on and on. The one in charge 
of the matrimonial bureau was kept quite busy; so much so that she had to call in 
assistance from the outside to get the wedding costumes ready. On one occasion she 
had one hour's time to go to the bazar, select and make the wedding gown. The man 
in question decided that he wanted a wife. He had come from a " far country " to at- 

Bulsar Girls' School. One at Back by Post and the Best Standing: at the Side. 
Three of Them Have Babies. 

tend District Conference; saw one of our girls; plead for her heart and hand; was 
accepted; was leaving at once, so the wedding was one " in haste," but as yet they have 
not " repented at leisure." 

During the hot season, when the girls were not in school all day, we had an oppor- 
tunity to go to the near-by villages and have our daily prayer service, instead of hav- 
ing it in the chapel. The girls entered heartily into this special service. This was a 
splendid opportunity for them, for later they will become village workers, and will 
need this training. 

On one occasion we went into a new village. From a distance we saw crowds of 
children. Our hopes ran high. As we drew nearer we thought of the splendid oppor- 
tunity to serve the Lord in this place. But, lo, when we came into the village not a 
child could be seen or heard. All was perfectly still. Where could these children 
have gone so quickly and so suddenly? We looked up and down the road; no one to 
be seen. We stopped long enough to place some brightly-colored Sunday-school pic- 
ture cards under some stones, and then walked on a short distance and began to sing. 
As we turned our eyes heavenward what do you think we saw? There, perched on 
trees, like birds, were many of these children. They heard the singing. One by one 


Annual Report 

they slid down the trees and secured these pretty cards. Soon from behind trees, huts, 
hedges, etc., came the rest of these children. They, too, wanted a picture. Purposely, 
we placed only a few. Soon the whole crowd of children came to us. Such a service 
as we had! After the service, each child was supplied with a card. The next time we 
came to this village, we had, not the children alone, but many grown-ups. 

During the week of special prayer and self-denial, which takes place each year 
prior to our District Meeting, the girls were able to give fifteen rupees ($5) towards 
the home mission work. Later they gave ten rupees to some famine sufferers, and still 
later in the year they gave nearly nine rupees to the British and Foreign Bible Society. 
This may not seem to you to be a very great deal. It does mean a great deal to these 
children. They were able to give this amount by going without their evening meal for 
a week; by giving up their " rare food," which they receive but once a week, for eight 
weeks, and by doing special work at playtime — all for the cause of Christ. 

All the girls took the yearly " All-India Sunday-school examination " and were 
successful. In the primary Sunday-school class, 105 children were enrolled. Eighty 
of these little ones were eligible to take the examination. There were fifty-six certifi- 
cates given. Of this number fourteen certificates were given to non-Christian chil- 
dren. They were very proud of their certificates. Even though the majority of these 
children were quite young, these fifty-six passed with high marks. 

The regular monthly educational meeting was kept up for the greater part of the 
year. All the teachers in both Boys' and Girls' Boarding-schools met with the man- 
agers of these schools to discuss ways and means of improving our schools. The next 
meeting will be a joint parent-teachers' meeting. 

The work in the Bai Avabai High School has been kept up during the greater 
part of the year. At present there are 230 boys enrolled. All save one are non-Chris- 
tian boys. It is a great pleasure and a privilege to talk to this class of promising 
young men each Saturday morning from 10 to 11, whenever it is possible to go. Would 
that we had more time and strength to be more helpful to these people. 

Dear readers! Are there not some among you who are ready to respond to the 
call for helpers? Many doors of opportunity are, as yet, standing wide open. Do 
come and help us " take the city " ere the doors are closed. 



ft*? ET il^ "V +.y'^yf^ 

tf - 


mBp .. : 1 

i * I 

mm ;<l 

The Small Boys and a Few Others Work Daily in the School Garden at Bulsar. 


It is now a year since our return to India. Up to near our sailing time it seemed 
probable that we would not be able to return till the close of the war. But the way 
was opened. A handbill in the halls at Bethany attracted my attention, and that night, 
with Bro. Eisenbise, I went to Moody Institute to hear an address to the Student 

Annual Report 63 

Volunteers of Chicago. The speaker was the secretary of the Methodist Board. A 
few words with him after the meeting, to the effect that it was considered safe for 
missionaries to return to their work in India, seemed assuring. The information was 
given to the Board, and before many days it was decided that we make the journey. 

There were only twenty days in which to make the necessary preparation. Many 
things had to be arranged for, but when sailing date came, all of us were ready for 
the long voyage. God was good to us those days. Even though conscious of the fact 
that we were constantly in danger, our anxiety was dispelled by the thought that we 
were the Lord's and going on " the King's business " and that He would care for His 

The missionaries on this side were very anxious about our return. They had gone 
through a very hard and trying period, caring for the work, and the thought that some 
of us would be detained at home was not pleasant to contemplate. Then came the 
cable message that we were coming and their hearts were gladdened. 

Adjustments were made of the forces on the field and a profitable year has again 
elapsed. Some were given a chance to continue their language study, while others 
were able to undertake work that had been waiting for them. 

During the year we have been fairly free from sickness and able to work prac- 
tically every day, for which we praise His name. Our experience here at Bulsar dates 
from the first of March. Prior to that time Bro. Holsopples had charge of the work. 
Since then our time has been much taken in routine duties. 

Soon after taking charge of the work we learned that the railway would soon take 
over a large tract of land lying to the east of our mission bungalows, in which tract 
are about two and one-half acres of mission land also, which they will take. We at 
once set to work filling in a rice patch between our two bungalows, and when about 
three-fourths of the work was done we were ordered to stop. We were getting our 
dirt from a water reservoir or tank just across the road, but since this was soon to go 
to the railroad we had to stop, and dirt from elsewhere costs us for hauling, con- 
siderable more. 

About this time we conferred with the district officer, who informed us that we 
could expect to be asked to give up our land and houses, which were to go to the rail- 
road most any time. So since it would affect quite a number of families we set to work 
to find another location for our Christian village. Since most of the desirable build- 
ing land was being taken by the railroad we found it exceedingly difficult to find a 
suitable site. A plot of two acres was purchased for $700 and rooms for ten families 
were built prior to the rains, and since then for ten families more have been built. 
We still have room on this land for twenty-five or thirty more families. 

During the year an old building on the boys' side was removed to a more favorable 
site, and rebuilt, thus freeing a large part of the compound for garden purposes. 

In the month of December we began erecting the hospital. The plan is to have 
several smaller structures rather than one large building, as you often see, thus allow- 
ing of our working as funds come in. 

So it has fallen to my lot to superintend a great deal of building work during the 
year. However, here at Bulsar most all materials are easily obtainable, and it is much 
easier to superintend construction here than at most places in the mission. 


The committee recommending our transfer here expressed the hope that we would 
be able to so arrange our work that we could give attention to the evangelistic work 
in the district. In former years there had been considerable evangelistic effort, but in 
those days our workers were efther young and inexperienced or were of an inferior 
grade, and consequently the cause suffered in their hands, and Christianity was placed 
at a discount. To step into an evangelistic situation of this kind is not the most in- 
viting, nor are we at this date ready to determine what will be the final outcome of it, 
though we believe that we can see signs that are very favorable. 


Annual Report 

When our worker first went out into the district, prejudice met him on every hand. 
At first the situation seemed most discouraging. We had warned him of this probable 
situation, and we gave him all the encouragement we could. Living quarters must be 
secured. Nothing seemed available, nor was any one willing even to sell a piece of 
land on which we could build. It was too distant to think of working successfully 
from here. The way seemed blocked, humanly speaking. But the same God That 
moved the heart of Cyrus is still in the heavens. From unexpected sources came an 
offer to sell us a piece of land. We had never met the man. Being wealthy the small 
amount received for the land could not have been much of an incentive to him thus 
to meet our requirements, especially since by doing so he was courting the disapproval 
of his neighbors. But he is a man of considerable influence in the community, and 
aside from making it possible to get a place he has helped us much in these early days 
to overcome prejudice and caste disdain for us. 

A small house has been built on this new site. It is thirteen miles from here, and 
a more favorable location could not be asked for. It is on the border of the native 
state of Dharampur, on the main highway, and accessible to large numbers of people. 
In this native state are 114,000 people in more than 300 villages. Most of them belong 
to the jungle tribes and are in a very backward condition. The king is not very 
progressive; he has only twenty-five schools in his whole territory. 

Were we to attempt to enter and do aggressive work now, very likely the of- 
ficials would block the way, but we hope that by exercising care the way may be 

The Boys' School at Bulsar. On the Left You See the Housemaster and His Wife. 

opened to this vast interior. A good educational effort, together with industrial train- 
ing in connection with the schools, will do much towards dispelling prejudice, and 
making our work and message acceptable. 

The advent of the hospital, and closer contact with caste peoples make it all the 
more desirable that the evangelistic work be pushed. 

At the close of the year we had the school at Wankal, the headquarters of the 
newly-instituted evangelistic effort. There was a school here, but doing very little. 
We have taken it over, put in equipment, and now there are thirty-two pupils enrolled. 
Other villages are asking for schools. 


At the beginning of the year there were thirty-two, boys in the boarding, together 
with thirteen in the training department. The year closed with twenty-six in the 
boarding and eight in the training department. One b'oy died. Since the beginning of 
the year three others have come in, so there is now a total of thirty-seven boys in the 

The last six months of the year — and that the fever season — we have noticed a 
marked improvement in the general health of the boys. Seeing that we had a number 

Annual Report 


of small boys, we concluded that their food was not suitable to their condition. We 
advised with our doctors relative to the matter, and they too thought that there 
could be a change for the better. Consequently it was arranged to give them, every 
morning, cracked wheat gruel. About this same time they began getting a larger sup- 
ply of the best fresh vegetables from the school garden. The change in the health of 
the boys is quite noticeable. The doctors have remarked frequently that previously it 
seemed that the boys were always coming for medicine, but now very few come. They 
were bothered much with skin diseases, and there seems much less of this. The fact of 
receiving plenty of vegetables most likely has something to do with this improved con- 

During the fore part of the year arrangements were made for Lellubhai and his 
family to live in the boys' building. They are now known as house master and house 
mistress, and have the direct oversight of the boys. They are people of some age and 
experience, and have been a great help to us. At first it went hard with them, because 
the boys rebelled against obedience to Indian supervision. Now all goes well and we 
appreciate their help very much. 

Besides the boys who live in the institution, a number of others come in from 
the community and consequently there are fifty enrolled in the school classes. We 
continue to get grant-in-aid from the government, and on the whole the work in the 
school was fairly satisfactory to the inspector. 

During the year we added a relief map of India, a large world globe, quite a num- 
ber of books for the library, together with other things, giving the school better equip- 
ment. A brick veranda floor has added much to the general appearance of the school 

The relocation of a building, formerly a shop, but of late years a woodshed and 
kitchen, gives us much better facilities for maintaining discipline among the boys. One 
thing I regret very much in connection with the school is that our teachers are all 
very young, but from now on there should be gradual improvement in the teaching 

The Carpenter Shop at Bulsar. Several of the Boys Are Self Supporting 
While Others Are Learning:. 


In a country where labor is considered degrading, it being thought beneath the dig- 
nity of the student to work with his hands, the industrial phase of education is of great 
importance. It is now recognized by government and private parties that too much 


Annual Report 

of educational work in this country has tended towards making a large educated idle 
class. Nor have missions always been without blame. In many cases the great need 
for Christian workers caused special attention to be paid to industrial training. 

Today throughout the land there is a cry for educational methods that really pre- 
pare the India boys and girls for life's duties. From the earlier days there has been 
an endeavor on the part of our missionaries to keep this in mind and as much as pos- 
sible along with our educational work provide industrial training also. 

During the year a number of boys were put in the carpenter classes. A set of 
tools was purchased, and are used through the day by three different classes. One of 
the carpenters was taken off the regular work and put in charge of these new classes. 
This young man has ability and is rapidly developing into a good leader. 

When the Bible School started again we encouraged the students to come into the 
shop for an hour or two each day. They need exercise, and we felt that for our 
workers to be able to use tools and know something of carpentry would be valuable 
to them as well as to the mission. 

Some have become much interested, and are doing splendidly. Then, too, the ex- 
ample is splendid, and our other teachers are also coming in, during the evening hours 
after school is out. The tendency is to reduce idleness and to encourage thrift and 

Of late months the young brother who has been given a technical training has 
been here getting ready to take charge of the industrial work at one of our other sta- 
tions. His training lacked in practical application, and we are trying to remedy this. 
.He gives every promise of being able to do splendidly. 

The agricultural work has been much enlarged this year. Through the relocation 
of a building in the Boys' Compound a solid strip of about two acres is available for 
garden and farm purposes. Besides this there is another piece of land between build- 
ings which we are able to use for this purpose. 

Mrs. Ross has given considerable attention to the development of this side of the 
work. Once we are able properly to teach the elements of agriculture along with the 
practical we believe that the boys will enjoy still more the work and see more in it 
than mere labor and drudgery. When the boys were told to bring in specimens of 

A Vegetable Exhibit From the School Garden at Bulsar. Below Are Some 

of the Tools Used. 

Annual Report 67 

vegetables for the picture they were much interested, and located those nice bunches 
of celery, the eight-pound cabbages, and other things, with much joy. 

The Church. 

The church at this place has nearly 200 members. These, with the children and a 
few others connected with the community, give us well unto 300 to look after. 

During the forepart of the year Sister Widdowson was here and gave considerable 
time to the work among the women. Since July Sister Blough has had charge of this 
phase of the work. Ordinarily Bro. Blough would have taken the responsibility of car- 
ing for the Christian community, but his health not being good much of this has fallen 
to me, and I feel keenly that all was not done that should have been done. With the 
regular school duties, industrial, opening the evangelistic work, keeping many accounts, 
and with the numerous duties falling to any one in charge of a station like this, one 
finds that his strength and time do not reach as far as he would like. 

During the year we have had the help of several of our Indian brethren for the 
Gujarati services, though much of the year it fell to my lot to preach either in Gujarati 
or English every Sunday. 

These services have generally been well attended. The English-speaking popula- 
tion here is on the increase, due to the fact that the railroad is making Bulsar an im- 
portant division point. However, not all of these are inclined toward religious things, 
and often their example is bad. 

The question of discipline in such a community is not easy of solution. As years 
go by family ties become stronger, bearing with them both advantages and disad- 
vantages. Like many at home, the people here are prone to fall into certain sins, and 
unless care is exercised the sentiment in the church is liable to fall along family 
grooves, and the discipline become difficult. 

During the forepart of the year there were several very trying events, and from 
what others told us we were led to believe that matters were growing from bad to 
worse, and that more severe measures would have to be used. This was done, and 
there seems to be marked improvement along some lines, though in other respects 
there is still much need for amends. 

A church like this, fairly large in numbers and prosperous, is liable to become self- 
satisfied, and religion to become a mere nominal thing. Edged in by surroundng re- 
ligious beliefs, the children in the community will grow up, always answering to the 
outside world that they are Christians, in the same way that children of other faiths 
belong to the religion of their fathers. 

However, we are glad to see that there is an increasing number who are getting a 
real grip on religion. Their attitude towards evil is more and more what is expected 
of true Christians, and we find them a constant help in the many questions that arise 
from time to time. 

In March last this church entertained the District Meeting. . The meeting was 
well attended. Our District Meetings are to our Indian churches what our Annual 
Conferences are to our home churches. 

We are supposed to have two love feasts per year here, but owing to several causes 
last year only one was held. That was the forepart of December and was well at- 

From March to September there were no deaths, but since that time there have 
been several. However, the most of these have been among those who came here for 
medical help. With the advent of the hospital, such events must be expected. 

We would not fail to mention the death of Sister Buri Renchor. She and her hus- 
band were among the first members in our Indian church. During these many years 
they have been a great help to the Christian community, and in her death there is a 
great loss. 

68 Annual Report 



Brother and Sister Stover and two children (three in U. S. A.); Brother and Sister 
Arnold and one child; Sister Olive Widdowson. 

In 1899 Bro. S. N. McCann and wife came to Anklesvar. They entered into the 
needful work of building together with what came at that time, the press-needs of the 
famine. An orphanage was established. In 1905 Sister Mary N. Quinter had general 
charge of the orphanage work. In 1907 Bro. Stovers came to Anklesvar, and in 1910 
Sister Himmelsbaugh came. In 1911 Sister Ziegler came (these two sisters are now on 
furlough). Upon their going away Sister Powell was located here temporarily to help 
in the work. This same year, 1915, when Sister Powell was sent into her own language 
area, Marathi, Sister Widdowson was located at Anklesvar. Bro. Lichty, too, worked 
here, in 1903 and 1904. In 1906-07 Brother and Sister E. H. Eby had charge of the 
work a few months. When in 1912 Bro. Stovers went on. their second furlough, Bro. 
Blough and wife had charge of the work. During the greater part of 1913 Bro. Hol- 
sopples helped in the work here. The beginning of November, 1913, Bro. Stovers re- 
turned from furlough and took up work at Anklesvar. 

Many of the people are of the aboriginal tribe known as the Bhils. It is among 
this people that our missionaries have done the most work. The number of indigenous 
Christians has increased at a healthful rate. 

The Mission Station. 

Anklesvar is 200 miles from Bombay, a town of some 10,000 inhabitants, mostly 
Hindus, though Moslems and Bhils, Parsees and Christians are there. The greatest 
non-Hindu influence exercised at present in ordinary towns in India is that of the 
Mohammedan people. It is so here. 

For five months in the year several cotton gins run at full blast, when cotton comes 
in from the surrounding districts, for this locality is a great cotton-growing country. 
Early in the year government encouraged every one to sow grain instead of cotton, 
and so last season's cotton crop was smaller, but as the year closes the cotton for the 
present season is beginning to come in in abundance, and at a good price. 

During the year a spinning mill was opened, and I am told it is running at full ca- 
pacity. It is a small one, with but four looms. It is a beginning, and one is pleased to 
see native capital thus set into practical service. 

Of our 10,000 inhabitants, but 1,119 are taught by fifty teachers in the eight Gov- 
ernment Schools under the control of the municipality. The value of education is be- 
coming more appreciated, but this present condition shows the indifferent attitude to- 
wards education generally. In the surrounding rural districts illiteracy is greater than 
in town. This is true here and everywhere. 

The mission is situated not far from the railway station, and just outside of the 
bazaar, yet within the municipal limits. The location is a good one, and much credit 
falls to Bro. McCann for making this choice. The air is good and the water is good, 
and we have two wells. 

There are now two mission bungalows on the compound of six acres, and lines for 
native dwellings, a Widows' Home, and line for school purposes. Our building for 
school and church purposes was about to fall down, so we took it down, lest the walls 
should fall and some one be hurt thereby. The line for the boarding-school has since 
been erected, but for the church we yet wait. We have not yet erected a good church 
building at Anklesvar. 

Property values have been much enhanced in recent years, and while we do not 
wish to sell, under any circumstances, it is a satisfaction to know this. The lines for 
native workers do not, however, increase in value without frequent repairs. 

Annual Report 


Boarding-school Children, Anklesvar, India. 

The Little Boarding-School. 

During the year a beginning was made for a boarding-school. We told the Bhil 
Christians that we would take in thirty boys if the parents would pay ten rupees for 
each boy. After a time it was agreed to make it five rupees and clothes, per year. The 
number of boys has been full, although for some of the parents it will be a very dif- 
ficult task to pay the money. Some have paid, some have not yet done so. 

We might afford to do it for nothing, but we feel that we can not afford to have 
them think we are doing it for nothing. It is the wrong way of mission work, the 
wrong way of doing church work. They appreciate what we do for them only when 
they help to do it. And by helping to do it, they grow into ability and willingness to 
do. The Bible Society sells Gospels at a very low price, but refuses to give them free. 
It is a good missionary example to follow whenever at all possible. On any holidays, 
the boys all scamper off to their own homes, and quiet prevails on the compound. 

Village Schools. 

In the surrounding villages, among the Bhil people, we have twenty-one points 
where a man lives and is doing mission work, usually teaching school. Among these 
are seven day schools and eighteen night schools; at six places, both day and night 
schools are conducted. At every place daily evening prayers are held, with an aver- 
age daily attendance of from ten to forty. 

These little centers are our hope of the future. After prayers in the evening, the 
people sit and chat awhile, frequently about religion, often about the work of the day 
which they may have been doing, and when they have any persecution, about that. It 
will be at once apparent that everything depends on the quality of the men who live 
there as teachers and guides to those who gather in the evenings. But this means tre- 
mendous opportunity for the missionary, for at twenty places each evening there is a 
congregation ready to welcome him and give him a patient hearing, if he comes with a 

We try honestly to get the children of Christians into these schools, and as many 
others as we possibly can. But it is frequently a common objection that in the day 
they must work at herding goats or cattle, and in the night they are tired. So the way 
is not always self-prepared. 

The total attendance in the night schools is 300; that of the day schools 113. This 


Annual Report 

does not include our little boarding-school, nor a couple of night schools which were 
conducted part of the year in Anklesvar. 

The Church. 

During the year three were baptized and four expelled. This seems like going 
backwards, and it is, numerically, but I feel that the work done which is not shown in 
these figures will be apparent later. Eight letters of membership were given, and five 
received. One love feast was held on the night of Good Friday. 


The Gujerati monthly Christian paper, the Prakash Patra, gotten out by the mis- 
sion, was published the same as last year, that is, twelve editions of 500 copies each, and 
a special temperance edition for the month of May, 3,000 copies. We have a front-page 
picture of Billy Sunday on the temperance edition. Besides this, however, a leaflet for 
Good Friday, and another for Easter were prepared and published and circulated 
throughout the field our mission occupies, 10,000 copies each. 

A Good Beginning. 
I began the year with the thought of keeping a careful letter account, as well as 
careful other accounts of all villages visited, sermons preached, callers received, etc. 
But at the end of January I had written sixty-one letters, I had visited and received 
visitors till I grew weary in jotting names down, and thought to preserve all the energy 
I could, so let the greater amount of that kind of records stop there. 

A Bad Ending. 

At the end of July there was a riot in one of our villages, which more or less 
spoiled all the remaining part of the year's work. Good results may follow in the 
present year (1916); at least we hope so. The thing began by the unlawful entrance 
of a Moslem for immoral purposes into the house of one of the Christians in the lat- 
ter's absence. The woman called for help. Those who came detained the offender 
till the headman of the village could be called. That, they say, was their intention, but 
before he came, a mob broke down upon the house, beat our Christian teacher, then 
followed him to the little church and broke the glass and smashed in the doors; then 
went in pursuit of an old Bhil and beat him till they thought he was killed. A rib was 
fractured, and he spent thirty days in the hospital as a result. 

There is a trick often indulged in by certain lewd fellows of the baser sort, of do- 
ing mischief and then getting up a false case against the one injured, with a view to 

The New Schoolhouse, Anklesvar. 

Annual Report 


Brick for Repairing' the Anklesvar Mission House. 

offsetting the truth of the matter. The original offender at once called the police, it 
seems paid large bribes, and made a charge against our teacher and the old Bhil. 

The riot happened on Saturday, July 31. On Tuesday I went to see the condition 
of the little church, and when I came back I found that both the teacher and the old 
Bhil in hospital had been placed under arrest, and would go to jail that evening unless 
I went their bail. I did so for the teacher. I told the officer he could do as he liked 
with the man in hospital (I knew he could not take him from hospital to jail). 

With continued reports of the bribing of officers coming to us, with continued 
appeals by the Christians of a number of villages made to us, that if we did not avail 
ourselves of our privilege in law this time we would be clearly driven out of that vil- 
lage, as well as made objects of scorn in all the villages where there were Christians, I 
appealed to our field committee on the point of meeting the issue by going to law. It 
may not have been the wisest thing to do, but it seemed to be so at the time. Every 
member of the committee agreed to the action, under the evil circumstances. And the 
case was taken to court. 

Court made three cases out of it; first, that of the offender, whose case was quickly 
discountenanced and discredited; second, that of the Christian teacher; and third, that 
of the old Bhil. 

The teacher's affair was continued for twenty-four hearings in court; and then, 
after all was said and done, on the fourteenth of December the Hindoo magistrate 
said that he would give the accused the -advantage of the doubt, and he discharged 
them, for want of evidence as to who beat the teacher. And he called the breaking of 
the glass and smashing in of the doors a fabrication. The magistrate even said he 
though the Bhils felt free to lie, since they had a sahib to back them in all they said. 

All this was very disappointing, especially since I have ever pressed the point that 
there is no government so liable to give justice fairly and truly as the British Gov- 
ernment. How a mob of these same rioters endeavored to waylay me one night, four- 
teen days after the riot, I have told in the Gospel Messenger. We had often prayed, 
both with our people and in private, that whatever would be to the greater glory of 
God, He should permit to happen. And when this decision was given, I said, " I can 
not quite understand how this will be to the glory of God, but as I have asked God to 
do so, I take it as an answer to my prayer, and believe that somehow or other, He 
will get greater glory by this decision than would He if the culprits had been pun- 
ished! I can not understand it. I can believe it." 

There yet remains the old Bhil's case, for he was much worse beaten than the 
teacher. What will come of it remains to be seen. We will not take the interest in 


Annual Report 

this as we took in the other, for while we give him our sympathy, he is not a Chris- 
tian. As an immediate result of irregular doings, government has transferred all the 
officers who were blamed. Several others have since been transferred, also, but their 
going had nothing to do with the matter. 

Wife has not been well for several months, and we believe the added anxiety on 
account of this riot, and the threats that came to me because of my relation to it, was 
like the last straw on the camel's back, and she came very near to a nervous breakdown. 
We are grateful that she is on the way towards recovery now, and the outlook for our 
mission work seems to be increasingly bright with the advance of the new year. 


* During the early months of the year, I was permitted to visit a number of villages 
with my husband, in addition to the daily duties in our home. 

In April Sisters Himmelsbaugh and Ziegler went on furlough, both from Ankles- 
var. This left much more work in our hands, as there was no one else to take their 
places. Sister Josie Powell, returned from America, helped us in the Widows' Home 
from April 1 until the end of June, when Sister Widdowson was transferred from Bul- 
sar. She at once took up the work of teaching the children, of visiting villages, and 
of giving out simple medicines to those who were ill. People needed help and medi- 
cine, even though the medical work had to be closed when Sister Himmelsbaugh left 
us. We were always very welcome in the villages round about, whenever we could visit 

In April the boarding-school was opened, and this, with the widows and children 
in the Home, gave us plenty to do. 

For some time I had not been quite well, and in August was advised by our doc- 
tors to take a two months' rest at a hill station. We came to Panchgani in September, 
and being not much improved at the end of the two months, I have remained until 
the end of the year, the children with me, and may remain longer. Part of the time 
husband has been with me, but neither of us feels quite a good conscience in his re- 
maining. So most of his time is at Anklesvar, while I do the best I can to regain my 
normal health and strength here alone. 

Sister Arnold and Sister Widdowson gladly took over what work I had been try- 
ing to do. It is a long time to be away from the work that needs to be done, and 
much more that might be done, but I try to be patient and trust that I may be able in 
due time to be at home again and in the work to which the Lord has called us. 

Panchgani, India, Jan. 24, 1916. 

One Side of the Schoolroom Is Open. 

Annual Report 



The second page of our Indian career is finished. Who is it that is perfectly sat- 
isfied with his past? So we would have been glad to see more accomplished during the 
past year, but after all, if we had it to live over it would likely be not very different 
from what it is. We look not to the failures of the past, but forward to the oppor- 
tunities of the future, and pray that we may grow better as the days go by. Our 
language study has progressed, but we are yet far from being fluent in Gujarati. How- 
ever, the Lord is gradually loosening our tongues, that we may speak His message to 
His people. 

Last spring it was decided that we, with others, might spend the hot season at a 
rest station in the hills. We were somewhat reluctant to accept this offered rest, be- 
fore we had begun to work. But when arrangements were made for us to have a teach- 
er while there, we accepted it as an opportunity to continue our study throughout the 
summer without suffering the extreme heat of the plains. 

About April 1 we went to Landour, in northern India. It is a long distance. We 
left Anklesvar at two o'clock Monday night, on the Punjab Mail. It is really a fast 
train, and after a twenty-four-hour ride without a change, it landed us at Saharanpur, 779 
miles from Anklesvar. From thence, eighty miles farther on a local train, winding up 
into the foothills, and we were at the railroad's limit, Deher Dun. This is near the 
source of the most sacred river in India, the Ganges. Here is held, each twelve years, 
a great Hindu fair. From all parts of India, holy men make pilgrimages to this place, 
that they may bathe in the sacred waters to be cleansed from all their sins. This was 
fair time. Hundreds of thousands of people were coming. Not only were the pas- 
senger coaches crowded to the limit, but dozens of freight cars loaded with people 
brought them to their destination. 

From Deher Dun we went seven miles by tanga, a heavy two-wheeled carriage, 
to the very foot of the steep hills. Here all passenger vehicles stop. There is a long, 
tedious road on which heavy freight is carried to the top, but we must go by horse- 
back or dandy. The dandy is a chair for one person, carried by four men. The ex- 
pense for a dandy for the remaining eight miles is about one dollar, but in these eight 
miles we are raised one mile in altitude, much of the way being very steep. From the 
top of the hill we looked back, down one mile, in the distance for fifty or seventy-five 
miles. The first large foothills, the valley, the plains dotted with green forests and 
yellow wheat fields lay spread before us as a level floor. To the north it was down, 
deep, into an awful gulch; then up, up to the perpetual snows of the Himalayas. From 
our bungalow several hundred miles of the snowy range could be seen. The nearest 
was forty miles, and the farthest 120 miles away, the peaks being from 20,000 to 23,000 
feet high. Here we spent three months, study- 
ing language, viewing the scenery, climbing the 
hills and praising Him Who created all for His 

In May our five-month baby was suddenly tak- 
en ill. The doctor pronounced it obstruction of 
the bowels, and gave us little hope. But by his 
skilful hand, the care of a good nurse, and the 
blessings of our Heavenly Father, she was re- 
stored to us in a few days. 

Again in June we returned to our station at 
Anklesvar. The rains were light, but until fall 
the weather was very pleasant. After the rains 
the heat comes again for a few months. We 
were glad to be able to take charge of the sta- 
tion work to the extent that Bro. Stover's, who 

were badly in need of rest, might take their vaca- 

TJttle Barbara Arnold. 


Annual Report 

Anklesvar Lumber Yard. Adjoining Mission Compound. 

tion. Thus, if we are not able to do much, we can make it possible for others to get 
some rest. 

In October we were given charge of the Widows' Home and Boys' Boarding 
School; this, with some building work and language study, gives us plenty to do that 
we need not be idle. 

Pray for us that we may be faithful. 


The year 1915 is in the past and our Father has graciously given us the privilege 
of service in the New Year. 

Last year when I wrote you I was caring for Sister Blough's work at Bulsar. I 
continued to do so until July of this year. Then Sister Blough returned and, as Sister 
Stover was overburdened at this station, I was transferred here. Sisters Himmelsbaugh 
and Ziegler's village work was being neglected, there being no one here to continue 
their work. Until December I was not able to get out in the villages often. Sister 
Stover was not well when I came, and later it became necessary for her to go to the 
hills. Her work in the Widows' Home, and seeing that the little boys in the boarding- 
school received the proper attention, so far as clothing and medicine are concerned, 
came into my hands. The first of December Sister Arnold was given charge of the 
Widows' Home. Now I am able to spend much of my time in the villages. 

The teachers and villagers frequently ask, " When will the nurse Miss Sahib and 
Miss Kathryn return?" These village folk soon learn to love and confide in the people 
who are kind to them. 

I have had some interesting experiences since I came back to Anklesvar in calling 
in the Bhil children who live in huts near us. I have them come twice a week for 
teaching. Some of them are very bright, interesting youngsters. Since I am getting 
a little in touch with them they have been coming to me for eye medicine, etc.; then I 
have a chance to give them some instruction on cleanliness. It is a slow process, but 
they are beginning to remember some of the facts of the Bible stories told them and 
follow the songs. 

The Women's Sewing Circle continues with good interest. Since I have been look- 
ing after their work we have sold three quilt tops. Sometimes I have them bring their 
mending with them. If they will only learn to do their own sewing they will be able 
to get more clothing. We are very thankful for the quilt patches you send us. The 
money received for the quilts is given to help in Christian work in this country, so they 
feel that they have a part in the great work that is being done for their people. The 
circle meets weekly. We are studying the Gospel of John now. 

Continue to pray for us, that as we go among our village people we may be able 
to give the message in a way in which they can receive it, and this year many more 
Indian people may learn to know their Savior. 

Annual Report 


Anklesvar Women's Work. 

Nameof Women Workers. 

Lakhsmi Dula. 

Dina Herilal. 

Ratan Athising. 

Harki ,Amtha. 

Suri Jeva. 

Vali Lakhsman. 

Jadi Mitha. 

Grace Natha. 

Sunder Maruji. 

Jivi Valji. 

Prem Daniel. 

Karuna Amrat. 

Ruth Jetha. 
Dorcas Raghav. 

Place of Work. 


Sam or. 




























in School. 


in School. 


in School. 

Worker among Women. 

Worker among Women. 



John M. Pittenger and wife and two children. 

Short History. 

After several preliminary trips to Ahwa (Ahwah), the center of the Dangs, about 
forty-eight miles from the railway station at Vyara, a few Indian workers were located 
in this new and untried field. Bro. Pittengers located there early in 1907. For six 
years they toiled early and late among the ignorant, superstitious people of the wood- 
ed mountains. They went through the strenuous work of building a bungalow in that 
far-away place, which no one knows as well as those who have borne the burden and 
heat of such a work. Far from regular markets, far from good carpenters, painters, 
masons, and everything necessary for people living in or out of jungle, made this sta- 
tion the hardest one to work of all the stations we have. They have told us only part 
of their trials. No better soldiers of the cross could be found than these who have 
plodded so faithfully. Ahwa now has an organized church. Their labor has not been 
in vain. Generally, government officials are friendly. The railway which has been 
under construction is to be completed by May, 1916, which will bring them within one 
day's journey of railway facilities. Hitherto it was two days' journey. During Bro. 
Pittenger's furlough Bro. Kaylor and wife cared for the work at Ahwa. In 1914 Sisters 
Anna M. Eby and B. Mary Royer spent monsoon at this far-away station. Ahwa is 
the government headquarters of the Dang State. It comprises 1,000 square miles, 
with a population of 30,000. The people are of the aboriginal tribes, illiterate. Gov- 
ernment has no schools in the state. They have given us the privilege of opening 
schools, which are the only means of education throughout the state. A great oppor- 
tunity is opened to us. Each year a durbar, or royal court, is held, in the month of 
March, wherein prizes are given to citizens who do anything toward industrial, educa- 
tional or agricultural improvements for the state. Our mission schools receive much 
prominence in this durbar. Our missionaries are given a part and place in it, which is 
another auxiliary in the advancement of the work in the Dang State. 


Two months of the year had already gone ere we were permitted to return to the 
work assigned to us. To be exact, we did not reach Ahwa until after the midnight 
hour on the night of March 10. We had arrived in Bombay Harbor about ten o'clock 
on the night of Feb. 13, but were not permitted to land until the next morning. We 
had the blessed privilege of a reunion with all, save a few of our fellow-workers, at 
Vulli, and there to attend the meeting of the field committee. From this committee 

76 Annual Report 

meeting I came with Bro. Kaylor to Ahwa, arriving here the evening of Feb. 20. It 
was Saturday. The shades of evening had already begun to darken our path through 
the forests. As we emerged from them we met the first company of those who had 
come to welcome us back. That welcome can never be forgotten. Had there been not 
another reward for all the years of labor among these people who, at times, seem to 
have no appreciation of the good and beautiful nor of the labors rendered.for them, this 
truly royal welcome was ample recompense for it all and showed us that service ren- 
dered in the Master's name does yield results, whether we can see them or not. 

Then followed a busy week of visits at the out-stations, inspecting the schools, 
visiting the Christian families, taking over accounts, and going through the routine 
of other duties incident to taking up the work from the hands of our dear Brother 
and Sister Kaylor who have labored so earnestly and stayed by the work so faithfully 
for two years. 

It was just ten days less than two years since I had left Ahwa, intending when I 
did to return, but sickness prevented, and the three months which we had counted so 
much on spending here in the work with Bro. Kaylors were spent by me in the hospital 
and with my family on the hills, gaining the strength needful for the journey home for 

May pardon be granted for a further digression, just here: One year and a half 
of furlough in the homeland, and a return to the field with the knowledge of it, gained 
during the term of service preceding furlough, and also that knowledge gained of new 
conditions at home while on furlough, shows in new and most vivid form the awful 
conditions of the people to whom we have just returned. Each and every hour of the day 
are we compelled to see the condition of the benighted ones here and think of the 
countless blessings of almost all classes in the dear homeland. We think of the splen- 
did homes there, for we must look upon and into the squalid huts here. We think of 
the heavily-laden tables there, for here we listen to the cry of 'hunger. We remember 
the many who are so well clad there, for we must behold the scantily or non-clothed 
here.. There what a great host of people are waging the struggle against the liquor 
traffic and other evils by which thousands are made unhappy, and in almost as many 
cases greatly incapacitated for service. Here in comparison with the great population, 
the number to oppose and create sentiment against evil seems so small! Thus one com- 
parison after another forces itself upon us. We give you these few, that you may 
think with us of the tasks we must face. 

Along with these comparisons of conditions here and in the homeland, comes so 
often the question: "Why these tremendous differences?" There is one and only one 
answer to be given. Will you, dear reader, spell that answer out in great flaming 
characters on paper and let the Holy Spirit carve those same characters in your mind 
and on your heart? Despite all these differences and the tremendous tasks of blotting 
them out, we are in no wise discouraged for we, with you, have the full and sure prom- 
ises of the Father of all peoples of all lands. 


There are now nine schools in the Dangs. There are nearly 350 villages. Do you, 
with your knowledge of educational advantages and the benefits derived therefrom, 
think it would be a good thing to have, say, fifty more? In prayer before and to Him 
Who has blessed you so much educationally, spell out the answer to this question. 
Considering all the problems attendant with the task of educating such backward 
people, the work in these nine schools, while not nearly fulfilling our hopes, is pro- 
gressing nicely. Permit me to give you a list of some of the difficulties with which 
we must battle in the educational work here: 

Ignorance of a sort that no pen or tongue can describe. 

The superstition that must and does attend such ignorance. 

The lack of educational sentiment resultant from this ignorance and superstition. 

Annual Report 77 

Opposition of those who, for personal gain, strive most earnestly to keep those 
who need education so badly, in ignorance. 

Imported teachers who become discouraged because of climatic conditions, the 
loneliness of the life they must live, difficulties in obtaining proper food, and frequency 
of attacks of malarial fever. Once we have a force of indigenous teachers, this last 
difficulty will be overcome. But we must overcome the four difficulties first named, 
so far as they shall relate to this force's preparation, ere we shall have the help which 
we so much covet. 

The Boarding-School. 

In addition to the lack of interest on the part of the parents in having their chil- 
dren educated, they constantly affirm that they are too poor to keep their children in 
school and furnish them even the scanty allowance of food and clothing which is the 
portion of children of parents so ignorant as those among whom we labor. To make 
this argument of poverty and inability on the part of the parents altogether useless, 
we have started a boarding-school, and thus we not only undertake to educate the 
children, but to clothe and feed them. And you, as we did, will feel assured that a 
plan of this kind, among people so much pinched by poverty as are these with whom 
we live and labor, would be most eagerly accepted and made use of. But now, after a 
year of most earnest efforts, we have but ten boys and girls in the school. 

Only last week, a boy about ten years old, after coming and remaining one day 
and night, ran away. He has neither parents nor any close relatives, consequently no 
place he can call home. Still, he preferred to take his chances of having or getting an 
occasional scanty meal and miserable bits of clothing to staying where his food would 
be furnished each day and plenty of clothing given him. Here I have merely hinted that 
there are many odds to work against in this phase of the educational work, too. Read- 
er, we desire your prayers in its behalf! 


In this department of the work there are almost as many opportunities as there 
are individuals in the total of the population. During the ten months we treated hun- 
dreds of cases, besides going in person with scores of cases to the Government Hos- 
pital and Dispensary to see that they were given the treatment needed, for often when 
we send people to this dispensary they are not cared for at all; or, if received, it is 
done often in such a way that the parties do not want to return there. 

Because of the lack of medical knowledge and proper facilities for treatment we 
are compelled to send away many people who need the help they come to us to get. 
And these are just the cases which should be helped, but we must either take them 
to the Government Dispensary or let them return disappointed to their homes. In quite 
a number of instances, rather than go to the Government Dispensary they went back 
to their home without any treatment, although sorely in need of it. 

Think with me of a newly-graduated medical student going into a city or section 
of country, with a population of 30,000, at home, where there is not another physician 
or surgeon with whom to compete! From the financial standpoint, if from no other, 
that would be quite a promising place to begin a career. So far as I can learn, there is 
no well-qualified physician within twenty-five miles of any part of the borders of the 
Dangs. This territory would quite soon become the missionary doctor's parish, and 
would treble the amount of territory within the Dangs; i. e., he would have a territory 
of approximately 4,000 square miles to work in. As a close to this paragraph let me ask 
you, reader, whether you think there is a missionary doctor needed here? There is 
none and there are at least, the very least, 50,000 among whom he could work and do 
untold good in the Master's name. Not even one such laborer here. Will you pray 
with us that He send one? He has led us so to pray. 

78 Annual Report 


This field of activity is practically untouched. What an awful waste of time and 
energy goes on before our eyes each year in the farming, so called, of these very prim- 
itive people! With the same acreage and improved methods they could, in each and 
every field, multiply their harvest many per cent. 

When we returned from furlough I had an eight-disc harrow sent with us. It was 
tried in our garden and one field with splendid results. The field was that of one of 
our native Christians. He put in naglee, the grain out of which all classes of the in- 
habitants here make their bread. There was a most remarkable difference in the size 
of the stalks and heads of the grain where the disc harrow was used. This difference 
was so marked that it looked as if the ground where the harrow was used had been 
well fertilized while the other ground had not. Another splendid result from the use 
of this harrow was that the grain where it was used was not nearly so much affected 
by the lack of rainfall in the early as well as the latter part of the monsoon season. 
Inasmuch as the ground was not measured, there can be no definite statement made as 
to the actual' increase in grain by this method. I am of the opinion that there would 
have been as much of a surprise in that for us as in the other two benefits recorded 
above. To teach our Christian farmers even a few better methods will require much 
patience and very many efforts. Through them we shall be able to reach the other 
farmers among whom we live. The population is almost wholly agricultural. Do you, 
reader, think it possible to help and bless these needy ones any by helping them to do 
better farming? 

. Evangelistic. 

Using this word in the sense in which we understand and use it in the homeland, 
always brings to us a sense of shame and keenest sadness and disappointment. " Why? " 
you will ask. Because the sum total of the time spent by us in what would be called 
actual evangelistic work, proclaiming the Gospel by word only, seems to us, and it 
would, doubtless, seem to you, to be very small. With such a great number of duties 
crowding upon us each day, we are simply compelled to select the most urgent, per- 
form them and let all the others go undone, for the time being, at least. In having to 
follow such a course, we are made painfully conscious of our ability to do so few of 
the many things to be done. But physical limitations set a limit upon the amount of 
labor that can be accomplished by any one individual or number of individuals. So we 
labor earnestly each day, knowing that each act performed and each word spoken in 
His name is a link in the evangelism of the world. 

We had the joy of receiving seven dear ones into the church on Oct. 23. Six of 
these are the husbands and wives in three homes and the seventh is a young girl of 
about fourteen, the eldest daughter of one of our Christian brethren. Five of these 
are Bhils by caste and two are Varleys. 

To do effective evangelistic work there should be one missionary at each station, 
or failing this, there should be one consecrated, energetic native Christian to push this 
work by having helpers, and do all he could himself as an evangelist. 

I think that it is a common experience with missionaries that they feel there is so 
much more that they are compelled to see go undone than they can get done them- 
selves or get others to do, that to write about what has not been done would be the 
easier task. But, of course, it would not work for as great amount of good, either in 
their own life or that of their readers. God knows well and fully all that is done and 
all that is not done. I shall refrain from giving you even one of the difficulties which 
we have to face in the evangelistic work, lest you be compelled to wonder whether we 
may not be thinking more about them than the work. And He knows this, too, dear 
reader, and will account us worthy or unworthy accordingly in that day " when He 
cometh to make up His jewels." Pray for us!!! 

Annual Report 


Ahwa Women's Work. 

Name of Workers. 

Place of Work. 


Goabai Damiel. 

Druputibai Hevarli. 

Kasar Gevan. 

Minabai Powar. 





Midwife and teacher of women. 

Teacher in S. S. and visiting among women 

Work among village women. 

Work among village women. 


Name of the School. 














Standard Taught. 

Boys' School, Anklesvar, 
Boys' School, Bulsar, . . . 
Girls' School, Bulsar, . . . 
Boys' School, Vyara, ... 
Girls' School, Vyara, . . . 
Boys' School, Ahwa, . . . 


1st to 4th, 

Primary to 6th 
Kindergarten to 6th 

1st to 5th 

1st to 4th 

1st to 5th 


17 I 216 



* There are but eighteen girls in boarding. The number above eighteen are only 
day pupils. 

f These boys are only day pupils in the Girls' School. 

Sunday-school Report, 1915. 

Name of Station. 




Dahanu, . . 
Jalalpor, . 





2 © * 

a \a 

- - s *? Ja) 

c to o> a © 

~ i- a © © 




3| 1 

2! 1 ' 

H 1 



I 21 2 








156- 5- 


209- 8- 

6- 4- 

67|50|36|49|43|1119- 1- 

« _ 
31- 5- 
52- 8- 
90- 3- 


I 37- 4- 
I 6- 4- 















2> g 


es .!S 


t-i — 



at a 



> oa 





I 29 
I 21 
I 18 
I 14 
I 9 



442 1 383 


329| 284160 

274| 2171 1 

2641 185| 7 

109 1 109| 7 

260[ 195 

341 26 

279 222 


| 32 24 


1116|2023|1645196jl024| 850|35[23 1"30 [22 j 632 |446f"9 


Annual Report 

Church Statistics, 1915. 

P-, oj 










"£H « 














02 13 
03 02 

c a 











































© a- 

■5' a 

5*d i* 

•C 4> > 

a &♦ 










3 P 


































































Vyara, | 

366 70 


Totals | 711,228|1091 39) 51| 13| 11| 9| 8| 5| 12| 20| 6|1406| 833 

* 3 Rupees equal $1. 

Day-school Report, 1915. 






































hH 1 

































































5 £ "g 

Dahanu, . 

Vyara, . . 
Ahwa, . . . 
Bulsar, . . 
Vada, ... 
Rudha, . . 







1100156141 1,98311,257126611,247|535|278|651788|480 

Annual Report 


Stations, Their Equipment and Responsibility. 




























































o * 




























































Totals, | 12| 19|1091 52| 10[ 7[ 45) 61| 45| 5|2795|1,268,723 

* These are cheaply built village houses of worship. 
t One of these a village house of worship. 

82 Annual Report 


1. World-Wide Fund. 

Receipts — 

Donations reported in Visitor, $ 43,179 36 

Income from endowment and real estate, 39,545 90 

Interest and earnings, Brethren Publishing House, 9,840 00 

Interest on bank account, 441 26 

Church Extension Fund, overdrawn during 1913, now paid 

back, and sale of churchhouse, 1,789 21 

Income from missionary education, 146 77 $ 94,942 SO 

Expenditures — 

Annual Meeting Committees. Account No. 22, $ 231 04 

Annuities on endowment funds, 30,888 51 

Publications. Account No. 24, 6,213 60 

General Expanse. Account No. 26, 7,231 75 

District Mission Work. Account No. 23, 5,150 00 

Denmark Mission. Account No. 5, 1,613 23 

Sweden Mission. Account No. 4, 2,787 80 

India Mission. Account No. 2, 24,329 71 

China Mission. Account No. 3, 12,045 45 

Miscellaneous. Transfers and Jerusalem prep, expense, ... 451 25 

Deficit from last year, 1,976 30 92,918 64 

Balance to New Year, . . : $ 2,023 86 

2. India Fund. 

Receipts — 

Balances from various India accounts last year, $ 11,508 38 

Donations reported through the Visitor, $ 1,302 46 

Interest on endowment, 196 50 

Special supports of workers. Account No. 12, 8,638 50 

Transmission to missionaries. Account No. 14, 945 82 

Native schools. Reported in Visitor, 29 75 

Vyara girls' school. Account No. 18', 755 00 

Hospital account. Reported in the Visitor, 688 01 

Churchhouse, Vali. Reported in Visitor, 317 90 

Widows' home. Reported in Visitor, 91 00 

Boarding school, Vyara. Reported in Visitor, 1,263 61 

Boarding school, Ahwa. Reported in Visitor, . 97 85 

Quinter Memorial Fund. Reported in Visitor, 66 00 

Orphanage and training department, 2,733 84 

Native workers. Account No. 13, 4,061 12 

Special donations, refunds on fares, etc., . . . . * 988 89 

From World-wide Fund to balance, 24,329 71 46,505 96 

Expenditures — 

General Missions, $ 8,225 75 

Support of workers, 13,046 45 

Miscellaneous. Voyage expense, outfit expense, etc., 256 52 

Traveling expense and medical work for missionary, 340 05 

Publishing work, 450 00 

Native quarters, general, 957 00 

Medical work, 713 00 

Heavy furniture, 575 00 

Anklesvar Boarding School, 900 00 

Marathi Center, 200 00- 

$ 58,014 34 

Annual Report 83 

Ahwa Boarding School buildings, $ 100 00 

Dispensary and equipment, 500 00 

Land, general, 500 00 

Land, Bulsar, 650 00 

Bible School, 527 00 

Language School, 400 00 

Bulsar rent houses and moving same, 250 00 

Vacation Fund, 750 00 

Bungalow repairs, 200 00 

Furloughs, 600 00 

Bungalow, 1,500 00 

Transfer from Bible school to hospital, 120 00 

Bulsar bungalow deficit, 790 00 

Grading compound, 145 00 

Well at Umalla, 125 00 

Umalla Bungalow, 1.000 00 

Anklesvar Boys' Boarding School buildings, 500 00 

Industrial work, 500 00 

Native schools, 27 82 

Loan fund, 255 37 

Vyara Girls' School, 2,987 39 

Building fund, 80 19 

Vali churchhouse 317 90 

Widows' Home 112 00 

Boarding School, Vyara, 1.816 00 

Boarding School, Ahwa, 437 50 

Orphanage and Training Department, 2,616 00 

Native workers 3,022 43 

Transmissions, special, 945 82 $ 47.439 U 

Balances to New Year — 

Missionary Children's School, $ 10 00 

Vyara Girls' School buildings, 859 25 

Hospital, 3,754 41 

Mary Quinter Memorial Fund, 66 00 

Orphanage, 3,850 98 

Native workers 2,034 51 10,575 15 

$ 58,014 34 

3. China Mission. 

Receipts — 

Balances from old year, $ 5,691 66 

Donations. Reported in Visitor $ 600 69 

Interest on endowment 72 00 

Special supports of workers. Account No. 12, 4,569 76 

South China Mission. Reported in Visitor, 117 98 

China Orphanage. Reported in Visitor, 942 56 

China Hospital. Reported in Visitor, 1,021 07 

Ping Ting churchhouse. Account No. 19, 184 62 

Ping Ting Hospital. Account No. 20, 249 50 

Liao Chou Hospital. Account No. 21, 352 50 

Boys' School. Reported in Visitor, 230 66 

Girls' School. Reported in Visitor, 262 53 

Native Workers. Account No. 15, 514 41 

Transmission. Account No. 16, 329 85 

Special Donation for work. Receipt No. 7973, 4 27 

From World-wide, to balance, 12,045 45 21,497 85 

Expenditures — 

General missions, $ 4,284 29 

Supports of Workers, 6,925 00 

Medical supplies, 612 75 

Freight, furniture, outfit and traveling expense, 807 22 

$27,189 51 

84 Annual Report 

Girls' School, land and Ping Ting Ladies' Home, $ 1,500 00 

Liao Chou land for compound, 750 00 

Ping Ting land for compound, 500 00 

Liao Chou Boys' School building, 1,500 00 

General miscellaneous, agency hire, etc., 415 50 

Orphanage, 1,250 00 

Churchhouse, 1,500 00 

Liao Chou Hospital, 8 40 

Boys' School Building, Ping Ting, 2,017 07 

Girls' School, 300 00 

Native Workers, 595 51 

Transmission, 329 85 23,295 59 

Balances to New Year — 

South China Mission, $ 363 02 

Orphanage, 534 12 

Hospital, 1,642 69 

Ping Ting Hospital, 258 00 

Liao Chou Hospital, 971 96 

Native workers, 124 13 3,893 92 

$ 27,189 51 

4. Sweden Fund. 

Receipts — 

Donations. Reported in Visitor, $ 30 95 

Transmission amounts for Sweden's poor. Account No. 17, 63 50 

Special Supports. Account No. 12, 300 00 

From World-wide to balance account, 2,787 80 $ 3,182 25 

Expenditures — 

Support of District Mission Work, $ 1,318 75 

Transmission for Sweden's poor, 63 50 

Support of workers, rent, taxes, etc., 1,800 00 3,182 25 

5. Denmark Fund. 

Receipts — 

Donations. Reported in Visitor, $ 9 10 

Special Supports. Account No. 12, 350 00 

From World-wide to balance account, 1,613 23 $ 1,972 23 

Expenditures — 

6. Church Extension. 


Support of District Mission work, $ 897 33 

Support of workers, 1,075 00 1,972 33 


Balance from old year, $ 13,062 75 

Donations. Reported in Visitor, 39 62 $13,102 37 

Expenditures — 

Balance of 1913 overdraft from World-wide Fund, now paid 

back, 1,624 21 

Balance to new year, $ 11,478 16 

Annual Report 85 

Bills Receivable. 

$ 66 00 

200 00 

172 40 

60 00 

160 00 

200 00 

70 00 

300 00 

40 00 

145 00 

60 00 

400 00 

$ 1,873 49 

10,788 25 

$ 12,661 74 

Receipts — 

Loans paid by churches, — 

Ft. Worth, Texas, 

Esterly, Louisiana, 

Rockford, Illinois, 

Madison, Kansas, 

Newton, Kansas, 

Empire, California, 

Onekama, Michigan, 

Raisin, California, , 

Lowland, Colorado, 

Elk City, Oklahoma, 

James River, North Dakota, 

Freeport, Illinois, 

Balance of loans in force at close of year, 

Balance loans from old year, 

Note. No new loans made during the year. 

7. Ministerial and Missionary Relief Fund. 

Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 12,628 16 

Earnings Brethren Publishing House, $ 1,560 00 

Earnings Gish Publishing Fund, 464 72 

Payment on J. M. Mohler property, Quinter, Kans., 148 13 2,172 85 

$ 14,801 01 
Expenditures — 

Paid out during the year in assistance to ministers and 

widows of ministers, 2,195 00 

Balance to new year, $ 12,606 01 

8. Gish Testament Fund. 

Receipts — 

Balance on hand at beginning of year, $ 912 67 

Sales of Testaments during year, 873 93 $ 1,786 60 

Expenditures — 

Printing and binding new edition of Testaments, 1,155 80 

Balance to new year, $ 630 80 

9. Gish Publishing Fund. 

Receipts — 

Balance from old year, $ 616 43 

Income from sales of books, . .'. $ 780 26 

Credit from books sold Publishing House, 42 35 

Income from Gish Endowment, 3,323 61 4,146 22 

$ 4,762 65 
Expenditures — 

Annuity Sister Barbara Gish, $ 1,000 00 

To Ministerial and Missionary Relief Fund, 464 72 

Books published and purchased during year, 3,255 50 

86 Annual Report 

Freight, booklets, labels, postage and special letters to min- 
isters on Peace booklet $ 102 28 

Expense of committee, 5 10 $ 4,827 60 

Deficit to new year, $ 64 95 

10. Brethren Publishing House. 

Receipts — 

Receipts from earnings of House, $ 35,558 30 

Expenditures — 

Upkeep, taxes and insurance on building and grounds, . . .$ 2,758 30 

Interest on investment, to income endowment, 7,800 00 

To World-wide Fund, 3,600 00 

To Publishing House reserve, 21,400 00 35,558 30 

11. Special Funds. 

Africa — 

On hand at beginning of year. No increase, $ 85 01 

Japan — 

On hand at beginning of year. No increase, 85 30 

Philippines — 

On hand at beginning of year. No increase, 81 40 

Porto Rico — 

On hand at beginning of year. No increase, ' 234 42 

Work Among Arabs — 

On hand at beginning of year. No increase, 50 00 

South America — 

On hand at beginning of year. No increase, 126 34 

New England Mission — 

On hand at beginning of year. No increase, 155 00 

Southern Native White — 

On hand at beginning of year. No increase, 93 23 

San Francisco Mission — 

On hand at beginning of year. No increase, 5 00 

Cuba Mission — 

On hand at beginning of year. No increase, 283 77 

Australia — 

On hand at beginning of year. No increase, 16 00 

Jerusalem Mission — 

On hand at beginning of year. No increase 140 66 

Colored Mission — 

On hand at beginning of year. No increase, 121 00 

Colored Mission. Industrial — 

On hand at beginning of year. No increase, 397 75 

Annual Report 87 

Brooklyn Italian Mission — 

Receipts — 

Balance from old year, $ 174 88 

Donations. Reported in Visitor, 3,644 89 $ 3,819 11 

Expenditures — 

To J. Kurtz Miller, for erection of Italian church, $ 2,700 00 

By transfer to other account, 5 00 2,705 00 

Balance to new year, 1,114 11 

Seattle Churchhouse — 

Receipts — 

Donations. Reported in Visitor, 341 25 

Expenditures — 

For Seattle Churchhouse. To F. F. Dull, Seattle, Wash., 341 25 

Warrensburg Churchhouse — 

Receipts — 

Donations. Reported in Visitor, 147 00 

Expenditures — 

For Warrensburg Churchhouse. To E. S. Katherman, War- 
rensburg, Mo., 147 00 

Chicago Sunday-school Extension — 

Receipts — 

Donations. Reported in Visitor, 25 92 

Expenditures — 

Paid to Chicago Extension brethren, 25 92 

Belgian Relief — 
Receipts — 

Donations. Reported in Visitor, 127 16 

Expenditures — 

To Commission for Relief in Belgium, New York City, .. 127 16 

12. Special Support Funds. 

Southern California Sunday-schools. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 8133, $ 150 00 

Receipt No. 8532, 150 00 $ 300 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Gertrude Emmert in India, 300 00 

Middle Pennsylvania Sunday-schools. 
Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 50 00 

Receipt No. 8013, 150 00 

Receipt No. 8382, 150 00 $ 350 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Bro. Jesse B. Emmert in India $ 300 00 

Balance to new year, 50 00 $ 350 00 

88 Annual Report 

Eastern Pennsylvania Sunday-schools. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 7943, $ 150 00 

Receipt No. 8349, 150 00 $ 300 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Kathryn Ziegler in India, 300 00 

Western Pennsylvania Sunday-schools. 
Receipts — 

Balance from old year, $ 275 00 

Receipt No. 8347, 600 00 $ 875 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sisters Ida Shumaker and Olive Widdowson, $ 600 00 

Balance to new year, 275 06 $ 875 00 

Pipe Creek Congregation, Maryland. 
Receipts — 

Balance from old year, $ 150 00 

Receipt No. 8160, 250 00 

From income Switzer Endowment, 50 00 $ 450 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Bro. W. B. Stover in India, $ 300 00 

Balance to new year, 150 00 $ 450 00 

Cedar Rapids Sunday-school, Iowa. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 7824, $ 300 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Emma Horning in China, 300 00 

Quemahoning Congregation, Pennsylvania. 
Receipts — 

Balance from old year, $ 206 25 

Receipt No. 8379, '. 275 00 $ 481 25 

Expenditures — 

Support Bro. Q. A. Holsopple in India, : $ 300 00 

Balance to new year, 181 25 481 25 

Nebraska Foreign Fund. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 7840, $ 35 00 

Receipt No. 7854, 55 92 

Receipt No. 7887, 25 00 

Receipt No. 8007, 15 00 

Receipt No. 8006, 5 00 

Receipt No. 8039, 12 00 

Receipt No. 8092, 107 29 

Receipt No. 8187, 33 50 

Receipt No. 8356, 5 00 

Receipt No. 8414, 5 00 

Annual Report 89 

Receipt No. 8506, $ 30 00 

From Nebraska C. W. Fund. Balance Fund, 109 30 $ 438 01 

Expenditures — 

Deficit from old year, $ 289 03 

Support Sister Josephine Powell in India, 300 00 589 03 

Balance due, to new year, $ 151 02 

Middle Iowa Sunday-schools. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 7882, $ 12 50 

Receipt No. 8024, 12 50 

Receipt No. 8091, 222 95 

Receipt No. 8416, 18 56 

Receipt No. 8476, 150 00 $ 416 51 

Expenditures — 

Support Bro. S. Ira Arnold in India, $ 300 00 

Balance due, from last year, 97 95 397 95 

Balance to new year, $ 18 56 

S. G. Nickey and W. I. Buckingham Families. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 8200, $ 150 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Barbara M. Nickey in India, 150 00 

Mt. Morris College Missionary Society, Illinois. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 8535, $ 425 00 

Expenditures — 

Balance due from old year, $ 625 00 

Towards support Bro. D. J. Lichty, 250 00 875 00 

Balance- due, to new year, $ 450 00 

Mt. Morris Sunday-school, Illinois. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 7877, $ 250 00 

Receipt No. 8533, 200 00 $ 450 00 

Expenditures — 

Towards support Sister Sadie J. Miller, $ 250 00 

Balance due from old year, 250 00 500 00 

Balance due to new year, $ 50 00 

Bethel Congregation, Nebraska. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 7806, $ 150 00 

Receipt No. 8302, 150 00 $ 300 00 

Expenditures — 

Towards support Bro. R. C. Flory in China, 300 00 

90 Annual Report 

Second, Eastern, and Northern Virginia Congregations. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 7853, .$ 62 75 

Receipt No. 8010, 56 00 

Conference offering, reported in Visitor, 50 00 

Transfer, from India Transmission, 16 35 

Receipt No. 8275, 50 00 

Receipt No. 8316, 225 40 

Receipt No. 8343, , 17 00 

Transfer from World-wide Fund, 100 00 

Receipt No. 8377, .. . . . 50 00 

Receipt No. 8381, 17 94 

Receipt No. 8397, 200 00 

Receipt No. 8421, 56-29 

Receipt No. 8423, 15 00 

Receipt No. 8437, 9 25 $ 925 98 

Expenditures — 

Balance due from old year, $ 845 81 

Toward support Brother and Sister I. S. Long in India, 500 00 1,345 81 

Balance due to new year, $ 419 83 

Metzger China Fund. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 7993, $ 15 00 

Expenditures — 

Towards support Sister Minerva Metzger in China, 15 00 

Oakley Sunday-school and Congregation, Illinois. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 8055, $ 35 04 

Receipt No. 8344, . 44 67 $ 79 71 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Ida Buckingham in Sweden, 300 00 

Balance due to new year, $ 220 29 

Middle Indiana Sunday-schools. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 7860, $ 300 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Rosa Kaylor in India, 300 00 

Mississinewa Sunday-school, Indiana. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 8215, $ 37 50 

Expenditures — 

Support Master Joseph Daniel Pittenger in India, 37 50 

Virden and Girard Sunday-schools, Illinois. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 7883, : $ 75 00 

Receipt No. 7886, 75 00 

Receipt No. 8204, 75 00 

Receipt No. 8211, 75 00 $ 300 00 

Annual Report 91 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Laura M. Cottrell in India, $ 300 (X) 

Botetourt Memorial and Missionary Circle, Virginia. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 8451, $ 750 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Bro. A. W. Ross and family, 750 00 

Cerro Gordo Sunday-school, Illinois. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 7857, $ 75 00 

Receipt No. 8034, 150 00 $ 225 00 

Expenditures — 

Balance due from old year, $ 75 00 

Towards support Bro. A. Raymond Cottrell in India, 150 00 $ 225 00 

Dallas Center Sunday-school, Iowa. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 7744, $ 13 00 

Receipt No. 8407, 50 00 

Receipt No. 8518, 57 00 $ 120 00 

Expenditures; — 

Towards support Sister Minerva Metzger in China, . ." 120 00 

Bear Creek Congregation, Ohio. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 8044, $ 150 00 

Receipt No. 8469, 150 00 $ 300 00 

Support Sister Anna M. Eby in India, 300 00 

Peach Blossom Congregation, Maryland. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 7756, $ 65 18 

Receipt No. 8452 200 00 

Conference offering. Reported in Visitor, 13 00 $ 278 18 

Expenditures — 

Towards support Sister Anna Hutchison, 278 18 

Shade Creek and Scalp Level Congregations, Pennsylvania. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 7762, $ 60 00 

Receipt No. 8475, 150 00 

Receipt No. 8509, 150 00 $ 360 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Anna Z. Blough in India, 300 00 

Balance to new year, $ • 60 00 

92 Annual Report 

' Southern Ohio Sunday-schools. 
Receipts — 

Balance from old year, $ 275 00 

Receipt No. 8495, 600 00 $ 875 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Bro. J. M. Pittenger in India, $ 300 00 

Support Bro. J. Homer Bright in China, 325 00 . 625 00 

Balance to new year, $ 250 00 

Antietam Congregation, Pennsylvania. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 7890, $ 150 00 

Receipt No. 8402, 150 00 

Income Oiler Endowment, 300 00 $ 600 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Nora A. Lichty in India, $ 300 00 

, Support Sister Lizzie N. Flory in China, 300 00 600 00 

Young People's Missionary and Temperance Association, Huntingdon. 
Receipts — 

Conference offering. Reported in Visitor, $ 300 00 

From India expense to balance, 200 00 $ 500 00 

Expenditures — 

Balance due from old year, now paid, 500 00 

Northern Indiana Sunday-schools. 
Receipts — 

Balance from old year, . . /. $ 318 52 

Receipt No. 8267, 381 48 $ 700 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Mary Stover in India, *.$ 300 00 

Support Sister Winnie Cripe in China, 300 00 600 00 

Balance to new year, $ 100 00 

Southwestern District Kansas. 
Receipts — 

Balance from old year, $ 150 00 

Receipt No. 8151, 150 00 

Receipt No. 8523, 300 00 $ 600 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Brother and Sister F. H. Crumpacker in China, 600 00 

Southern Illinois Sunday-schools. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 7979, $ 150 00 

Receipt No. 8536, 150 00 $ 300 00 

Expenditures — 

Balance due from old year, $ 150 00 

Support Sister Eliza B. Miller in India, 300 00 450 00 

Balance due to new year, $ 150 00 

Annual Report 93 

Panther Creek Congregation, Iowa. 

Receipt No. 8431, $ 105 00 

Expenditures — 

Balance due from old year, $ 25 00 

Towards support Sister Ida Himmelsbaugh in India, 80 00 ■ 105 00 

English River Sunday-school, Iowa. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 8016, $ 150 00 

Receipt No. 8497, 150 00 $ 300 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Alice K. Ebey in India, $ 150 00 

Support Sister Nettie Senger in China, 150 00 300 00 

Salem Congregation, Ohio. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 7908, $ 300 00 

Receipt No. 8496, 300 00 $ 600 00 

Expenditures — 

Balance due from old year, $ 300 00 

Support Sister Minnie Bright in China, 300 00 600 00 

Lordsburg Congregation and Sunday-school, California. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 7845, $ 800 00 

Conference offering. Reported in Visitor, 170 75 

Receipt No. 8303, 105 80 $ 1,076 55 

Balance due from old year, $ 285 85 

Support Brother and Sister Ernest Vaniman in China, . . 600 00 885 85 

Balance to new year, $ 190 70 

Coon River Congregation, Iowa. 
Expenditures — 

Balance due from old year, $ 49 13 

Support Sister Elizabeth Arnold in India, 300 00 $ 349 13 

Northern Virginia Sunday-schools. 
Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 50 00 

Receipt No. 7903, 150 00 

Receipt No. 8113, 25 00 

Receipt No. 8213, 125 00 

From China Transmission. Transfer, 10 00 $ 360 00 

Expenditures — -► 

Support Brother Fred J. Wampler in China, 300 00 

Balance to new year, $ 60 00 

94 Annual Report' 

Isaiah and Olive Brenaman, California. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 7931, $ 150 00 

Receipt No. 8266, 150 00 $ 300 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Bro. J. I. Kaylor in India 300 00 

Middle Missouri District. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 8507, $ 185 87 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Kathren Holsopple in India, 150 00 

Balance to new year, $ 35 87 

Sunday-schools of Flora, Bachelor Run, Upper and Lower Deer Creek 
and Howard, Indiana, and Lanark Aid Society, Illinois. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 7810, $ 29 50 

Receipt No. 8182, . 25-10 

Receipt No. 8455, 14 31 

Receipt No. 8498, 12 67 $ 81 58 

Expenditures — 

Toward support of Brother O. G. Brubaker and family in 

China, . $ 81 58 

First and Southern Virginia Sunday-schools. 
Receipts — 

Balance from old year, $ 200 00 

Receipt No. 7965, 150 00 

Receipt No. 8261, ■ 150 00 $ 500 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Rebecca S. Wampler in China, 300 00 

Balance to new year, $ 200 00 

Northern Iowa District. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 8083, $ 300 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Anna V. Blough in China, 300 00 

Tulpehocken Congregation, Pennsylvania. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 7944, . . . $ 150 00 

Receipt No. 8245, 150 00 $ 300 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister B. Mary Royer in India, 300 00 

North Manchester Sunday-school, Indiana. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 7881, $ 25 00 

Receipt No. 7956, 25 00 

Annual Report 

Receipt No. 8001, 

Receipt No. 8514, 

Expenditures — 

Support Bro. A. F. Wine in Denmark, 

150 00 
150 00 

350 00 
350 00 

Nebraska Christian Workers' Societies. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 7775 

Receipt No. 8086, 

Receipt No. 8273, 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Barbara M. Nickey in India, 

Balance to Nebraska Foreign Fund, support Sister Powell, 

62 72 

186 83 

9 75 

150 00 
109 30 

$ 259 30 

259 30 

Mineral Creek, Mo., Juvenile Mission Band. 
Receipts- — 

Receipt No. 7776, 

Expenditures — 

Towards support Little Miss Barbara Arnold in India, 

21 00 

21 00 

13. India Native Workers. 

Receipts— Receipt No. 7987, .... , $ 15 00 

Receipt No. 7737, $ 16 38 Receipt No. 7996 30 00 

Receipt No. 7742, 60 00 Receipt No. 7997, 12 50 

Receipt No. 7747, 15 00 Receipt No. 8012, 15 00 

Receipt No. 7748, 60 00 Receipt No. 8022 25 00 

Receipt No. 7749, 25 00 Receipt No. 8023, 12 50 

Receipt No. 7760, 30 00 Receipt No. 8028, 15 00 

Receipt No. 7774, 15 00 Receipt No. 8040 15 00 

Receipt No. 7790, 30 00 Conference offering 191 37 

Receipt No. 7791, 60 00 Receipt No. 8046, 60 00 

Receipt No. 7805, 15 00 Receipt No. 8047, 50 00 

Receipt No. 7811, 60 00 Receipt No. 8058, 30 00 

Receipt No. 7816, 20 00 Receipt No. 8062, 30 10 

Receipt No. 7821 25 00 Receipt No. 8066, 15 00 

Receipt No. 7830, 10 00 Receipt No. 8068, 60 00 

Receipt No. 7838, 25 00 Receipt No. 8076, 60 00 

Receipt No. 7843, 30 00 Receipt No. 8082 60 00 

Receipt No. 7844, 30 00 Receipt No. 8085 27 36 

Receipt No. 7846, 20 00 Receipt No. 8093, 60 00 

Receipt No. 7847, 15 00 Receipt No. 8111, 20 00 

Receipt No. 7891, 10 00 Receipt No. 8117, 10 00 

Receipt No. 7895, 30 00 Receipt No. 8119, 15 00 

Receipt No. 7910 60 00 Receipt No. 8136 15 00 

Receipt No. 7911, 15 00 Receipt No. 8144, 15 00 

Receipt No. 7913 42 00 Receipt No. 8145, 32 00 

Receipt No. 7914, 12 50 Receipt No. 8159 25 00 

Receipt No. 7916, 15 00 Receipt No. 8162, 12 50 

Receipt No. 7931, 30 00 Receipt No. 8163, 60 00 

Receipt No. 7947, 15 00 Receipt No. 8164, 45 00 

Receipt No. 7968, 15 00 Receipt No. 8166, 15 00 

Receipt No. 7971 12 50 Receipt No. 8167, 30 00 

Receipt No. 7972, 15 00 Receipt No. 8172, 12 50 

Receipt N®. 7974, 15 00 Receipt No. 8173, 15 00 

Receipt No. 7975, 60 00 Receipt No. 8175, 30 00 

Receipt No. 7978, 9 90 Receipt No. 8178, 30 00 

Receipt No. 7980, 30 00 Receipt No. 8183, 15 00 


Annual Report 

Receipt No. 8184, $ 50 00 Receipt 

Receipt No. 8185, 10 00 Receipt 

Receipt No. 8195, 18 67 Receipt 

Receipt No. 8198, • . . 800 00 Receipt 

Transfer, 12 50 Receipt 

Receipt No. 8214, 20 00 Receipt 

Receipt No. 8233^, 10 00 Receipt 

Receipt No. 8237, 50 00 Receipt 

Receipt No. 8247, 10 00 Receipt 

Receipt No. 8249, 12 50 Receipt 

Re'ceint No. 8259, 15 00 Receipt 

Receipt No. 8260, 60 00 Receipt 

Receipt No. 8266, 30 00 Receipt 

Receipt No. 8272, 25 00 Receipt 

Receipt No. 8282, 15 00 Receipt 

Receipt No. 8294, 45 00 Receipt 

Receipt No. 8310, 50 00 Receipt 

Receipt No. 8319, 15 00 Receipt 

Receipt No. 8331, 15 00 Receipt 

Receipt No. 8339, 45 00 Receipt 

Receipt No. 8342, 15 00 Income 

Receipt No. 8345, 30 00 

Receipt No. 8351, 15 ft) 

No. 8352, $ 30 00 

No. 8374, 12 50 

No. 8380, 50 00 

No. 8384, 15 00 

No. 8396, 39 00 

No. 8398, 20 00 

No. 8399, 70 00 

No. 8403, 30 00 

No. 8410, 10 00 

No. 9416, 8 50 

No. 8439, 30 00 

No. 8443, 60 00 

No. 8448, 15 00 

No. 8461, 15 00 

No. 8481, 5 00 

No. 8482, 30 00 

No. 8483, 15 00 

No. 8488, 32 64 

No. 8491, 15 00 

No. 8504 x 30 00 

Rohrer Endow 30 00 

$ 4,061 12 

14. India Transmission. 

Re ce 




Transfer, . . 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 


100 00 
33 00 
6 00 
1 00 
15 50 
8 00 
5 00 

14 50 
3 20 
5 00 
5 00 

10 00 
5 27 

15 00 
25 00 

1 00 

2 00 
10 00 

100 00 

10 00 

150 00 

16 00 
5 00 

10 00 


pt No. 8199, ...• $ 16 35 

pt No. 8209, 10 00 

pt No. 8218, 50 00 

pt No. 8228, 5 00 

pt No. 8229, .? 67 90 

pt No. 8233, 5 00 

pt No. 8241, ' 13 00 

ot No. 8246, 5 00 

pt No. 8254, 30 00 

pt No. 8256, 5 00 

pt No. 8266, 10 00 

pt No. 8280, 42 00 

pt No. 8290, , 2 05 

pt No. 8298, 60 00 

8304, 3 00 

8318, 2 00 

8341, - 10 75 

8378, 5 00 

8390, 2 30 

pt No. 8391, 30 50 

pt No. 8470, 1 00 

pt No. 8479, 10 00 

pt No. 8501, 4 50 

pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 

pt No. 

$ 945 82 

15. China Native Workers. 

Receipts— Receipt No. 8064, 

Receipt No. 7753, $ 25 00 Receipt No. 8104, 

Receipt No. 7782, 5 00 Receipt No. 8116, 

Receipt No. 7809, 16 92 Receipt No. 8126, 

Receipt No v 7819, 5 00 Receipt No. 8142, 

Receipt No. 7833, 72 00 Receipt No. 8156, 

Receipt No. 7837, 15 00 Receipt No. 8157, 

Receipt No. 7889, 15 00 Receipt No. 8158, 

Receipt No. 7899, 5 00 Receipt No. 8176, 

Receipt No. 7946, 4 00 Receipt No. 8179, 

Receipt No. 7986, 24 07 Receipt No. 8236, 

Receipt No. 7999, 4 50 Receipt No. 8305, 

Receipt No. 8019 15 00 Receipt No. 8308, 

10 00 
10 00 
65 00 
5 00 
19 79 
15 00 

4 00 
10 00 
15 00 
30 00 
10 00 

5 00 
8 00 

Annual Report 


Receipt No. 8323 $ 25 00 

Receipt No. 8340, 16 13 

Receipt No. 8355, 10 00 

Receipt No. 8409, 15 00 

Receipt No. 8415, 5 00 

Receipt No. 8436, 
Receipt No. 8485, 

25 00 
5 00 

$ 514 41 

16. China Transmission. 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 7735, 
Receipt No. 7767, 
Receipt No. 7792, 
Receipt No. 7869, 
Receipt No. 7937, 
Receipt No. 7962, 
Receipt No. 7967, 
Receipt No. 8025, 
Receipt No. 8026, 
Receipt No. 8048, 
Receipt No. 8096, 
Receipt No. 8106, 
Receipt No. 8154, 

4 00 
10 00 

5 00 
2 00 
2 00 

2 30 
12 50 

14 00 

15 00 
10 00 

5 00 

3 35 
10 00 

Receipt No. 8171, 
Receipt No. 8225, 
Receipt No. 8242, 
Receipt No. 8248, 
Receipt No. 8251, 
Receipt No. 8285, 
Receipt No. 8300, 
Receipt No. 8359, 
Receipt No. 8417, 
Receipt No. 8427, 
Receipt No. 8530, 

$ 9 00 

25 25 

2 50 

35 00 

17 00 

6 25 

10 00 

14 45 

20 00 

5 25 

15 00 

75 00 

329 85 

17. Sweden Transmission. 

Receipts— Receipt No. 8191, 

Receipt No. 7780, $ 500 Receipt No. 8227, 

Receipt No. 7817, 10 00 Receipt No. 8243, 

Receipt No. 7836, 5 00 Receipt No. 8252, 

Receipt No. 7981, 2 00 Receipt No. 8253, 

Receipt No. 8170 5 00 Receipt No. 8466, 

Receipt No. 8186, 5 00 

Receipt No. 8190, 3 00 

$ 7 50 

1 00 

5 00 

5 00 

5 00 

5 00 

63 50 

18. Vyara Girls School Building. 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 7746, $ 275 00 

Receipt No. 8115, 200 00 

February Mission receipts in Visitor, 280 00 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 

20. Ping Ting Hospital. 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 8072 

Acknowledged through Visitor, 

$ 755 00 

19. China Churchhouse. 

7757, $ 48 00 

7766, 5 00 

7865, 50 00 

8424, 62 00 

donations, 19 62 

143 00 
106 50 

$ 184 62 

$ 249 50 

21. Liao Chou Hospital. 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 7813, $ 1 00 

Receipt No. 7822, 100 00 

Receipt No. 7842, 10 00 

Acknowledged through Visitor, 241 50 $ 

352 50 

98 Annual Report 

22. Annual Meeting Committees. 

Expenditures — 

Expenses of Auditing Committee, 1915, $ 231 04 

23. District Mission Work. 

Expenditures — 

Oregon, $ 800 00 

Northern Illinois and Wisconsin, 700 00 

Northern Iowa, Minnesota and South Dakota, 200 00 

Oklahoma, 300 00 

Northwestern Ohio, 250 00 

Texas and Louisiana, . . / 400 00 

Nebraska, 600 00 

Arkansas, 600 00 

Washington, 600 00 

Northwestern Kansas and Northeastern Colorado, 400 00 

Southeastern Pa., N. J. and N. Y., 300 00 $ 5,150 00 

24. Publication Account. 

Expenditures — 

Tracts and carriage on same, $ 333 28 

Rebate on old book and tract accounts, 284 13 

Missionary Gospel Messengers and periodicals, 986 52 

Annual report of Board, 575 00 

Missionary Visitor, 4,034 67 $ 6,213 60 

25. Building and Grounds. 

Expenditures — 

Taxes, $ 1,839 49 

Repairing engine room wall, and screens, 103 45 

Insurance, 775 36 

Time clock with ten stations for watchman, 40 00 $ 2,758 30 

26. General Expense Account. 

Expenditures — 

Board's traveling expenses, $ 388 41 

Salaries, . 4,174 00 

Traveling secretaries, 927 09 

Postage, 543 18 

Special audit, 184 00 

Fidelity bonds, 62 50 

Special canvass for China hospitals, 116 65 

Traveling expense and med. exam, of miss, applicants, 51 86 

Traveling expenses, 151 86 

Office equipment, , 65 16 

Special service and legal advice on various matters, 163 58 

Office supplies, printing, envelopes, telegrams, expressage, 

code books, etc., 403 46 $ 7,231 75 

Annual Report 


27. Endowment Funds. 

Note. The number preceding the amount is the number of receipt sent donor. 

Donations to World-Wid< 

Illinois — 

Transfer, ..... 






Virginia — 

Indiana — 


50 00 

125 00 

55 00 

1,000 00 

5,000 00 

200 00 

$ 6,430 00 

500 00 

50 00 

175 00 

500 00 

100 00 

500 00 

50 00 

300 00 

1,000 00 

3,000 00 

50 00 

100 00 
1,252 16 

150 00 
1,000 00 

100 00 

150 00 

25 00 

1,950 00 

50 00 

200 00 

1,000 00 

500 00 

100 00 

100 00 

20 00 

100 00 

100 00 

1,000 00 

5 00 

Kansas — 


400 00 

500 00 $ 4,075 00 

500 00 

700 00 
1,000 00 
1,000 00 $ 3,200 00 

200 00 
1.000 00 
250 00 
100 00 
500 00 

2,050 00 

$ 6,225 

Missouri — 

8484, . 
Iowa — 

7789, . 

7826, . 

00 7917, . 

8084, . 

8392, . 

$ 1,950 00 $ 1,950 00 

$ 500 00 
200 00 
200 00 
600 00 
100 00 $ 1,600 00 

California — 
7988, .. 
8433, .. 

1,000 00 
400 00 $ 1,400 00 

Pennsylvania — 

$ 4,577 16 7994, 







100 00 
600 00 
200 00 

50 00 

50 00 
100 00 
200 00 $ 1,300 00 

Washington — 

1,000 00 

1,000 00 

North Carolina — 
Gilbert Estate 

$ 150 00 $ 150 00 

Total donations to World-wide Endowment for year, $ 34,457 16 

Returned through Endowment Bills Receivable Account, 1,447 00 

On hand at beginning of year, 

Total World-wide at close of year, 

Donations to Annuity Mission Endowment — 

Illinois — 

Receipt No. 7866, $ 385 00 

Receipt No. 788S, 615 00 

Receipt No. 7929, 800 00 

Receipt No. 8000, 4,000 00 

Receipt No. 8286, 800 00 

Receipt No. 8362, 2,000 00 

$ 35,904 16 

774,213 88 

$810,118 04 

Michigan — 

Receipt No. 7799, $ 1,500 00 

Indiana — 

Receipt No. 8155, 1,000 00 

$ 8,600 00 

1,500 00 

1,000 00 

100 Annual Report 

Iowa — 

Receipt No. 8516, $ 1,000 00 $ 1,000 00 

Total donations to mission endowment for year, $ 12,100 00 

On hand at beginning of year, 51,337 21 

Total mission endowment at close of year, $ 63,437 21 

India Endowment — 

Receipt No. 7781, Ohio, $ 25 00 

Balance from last year, \ 3,250 00 $ 3,275 00 

China Endowment — 

Balance from last year, 1,200 00 

H. H. Rohrer Endowment Fund — 

Receipt No. 7963, Pennsylvania, 1,000 00 

Gish Estate- 
Balance from old year, $ 56,334 12 

Expense paid out during year, 6 10 

Balance to new year, 56,328 02 

Total endowment at close of year, $935,358 27 

28. Gospel Messenger Endowment. 

Balance on hand from last year, no increase, $ 12,150 00 

29. Gilbert Estate. 

Receipts — 

Balance on hand from last year, $ 4,510 05 

Expenditures — 

Paid on loans, transferred to World-wide Endowment, . . 150 00 

Balance on hand to new year, $ 4,360 05 

30. Denver Colored Home Property. 

Receipts — 

Rentals from property, $ 282 70 

Expenditures — , 

Balance due from old year, $ 8,045 64 

Expenses during the year, 24 00 

Transferred to Income Endowment, 213 06 8.282 70 

Balance to new year, $ 8,000 00 

31. Interest Bearing Funds. Received During the Year. 

Receipts — 

Bills receivable, loans paid, $ 83.272 58 

Denmark Poor Fund, interest, 194 68 

Mission Endowment, 12.100 00 

World-wide Endowment, 35,904 16 

India Endowment, 25 00 

Payments on real estate, 300 00 

Brethren Publishing House Reserve, 21,400 00 

Denver Colored Home Property, 45 64 

H. H. Rohrer, Memorial Fund, 1,000 00 

Overdrawn, interest bearing funds, , , 24,991 05 

$179,233 11 

Annual Report 101 

Expenditures — 

Bills receivable, 

Gish Estate, 

Reiff Estate, Philadelphia, 

West Alexandria farm, Ohio, 

Gilbert Estate, North Carolina, 

Overdrawn last year, now paid back, . . 
Brethren Publishing House investment, 

$164,700 00 

6 10 

167 10 

65 70 

150 00 

12,994 21 

1,150 00 

$179,233 11 

$ 7,654 75 

920,830 00 

131,150 00 

10,788 25 

978 00 

1,033 82 

$1,072,434 82 
1,000,663 00 

32. Assets. 

Cash on hand, 

Bills receivable, secured by mortgages, 

Brethren Publishing House, 

Church Extension, bills receivable, 

Real Estate, 

Accounts receivable, 

Total assets, March 1, 1916, 

Total assets, March 1, 1915, 

Total increase, $ 71,771 82 

33. Statement of the Ledger. 

Cash, $ 7,654 75 


World-wide Fund, $ 2,023 86 

Accounts receivable, $ 1,033 82 

(Cash $990 04) 


Church Extension Fund, $ 11,478 16 

Church Extension, bills receivable, $ 10,788 25 

(Cash $689 91) 


Missionary children's school $ 10 00 

Vyara Girls' School building, 859 25 

Hospital, 3,754 41 

Quinter Memorial Fund, 66 00 

Orphanage, 3.850 98 

Native workers, 2,034 51 

(Cash $10,575 15) 


South China Mission, «, $ 363 02 

Orphanage, 534 12 

Hospital, 1,642 69 

Ping Ting Hospital, 258 00 

Liao Chou Hospital, 971 96 

Native workers, 124 13 

(Cash $3,893 92) 


Africa, $ 85 01 

Japan, 85 30 

102 Annual Report 

Philippines, J 

Porto Rico, 

Work among the Arabs, 

South America, 

New England Mission, 

Southern native whites, 

San Francisco Mission, 

Cuba Mission, 


Jerusalem Mission, 

Italian Mission, 

Colored Mission, . . . 

Colored Industrial Mission, 

(Cash $2,989 65) 


Sweden churchhouse, ! 

Gish Testament Fund, 

Ministerial and Missionary Relief Fund, 

Gish Publishing Fund, $ 64 95 

Stover Lecture Foundation, 

(Cash $13,336 02) 


Middle Pennsylvania Sunday-schools, 

Western Pennsylvania Sunday-schools, 

Pine congregation, 

Quemahoning congregation, 

First church, Philadelphia, 

Nebraska Foreign Fund, $ 151 02 

Middle Iowa Sunday-schools, ; 

Mt. Morris Missionary Society, 450 00 

Mt. Morris Sunday-school, 50 00 

Second, Northern and Eastern Virginia, 419 83 

Oakley congregation and Sunday-school, 220 29 

Altoona Sunday-school, .' 

Southern Ohio Sunday-schools, 

Northern Indiana Sunday-schools, 

Southern Illinois Sunday-schools, 150 00 

Lordsburg congregation and Sunday-school, 

Coon River congregation, 349 13 

Northern Virginia Sunday-school, : 

Middle Missouri congregations, 

First and Southern Virginia Sunday-schools, 

(Cash $171 11) 


Denmark Poor Fund, $ 3,522 57 

Brethren Publishing House, investment, $131,150 00 

Brethren Publishing House, reserve, 80,900 00 

India Endowment, 3,275 00 

China Endowment, 1,200 00 

Gospel Messenger Endowment, 12,150 00 

Mission Endowment, 63,437 21 

World-wide Endowment, 810,118 04 

Endowment bills receivable, 920,830 00 

Real estate, 978 00 

West Alexandria farm, Ohio, 156 84 

Gish Estate, 

Denver Colored Home, 8,000 00 

Reiff Estate, Philadelphia, 167 10 

Gilbert Estate, North Carolina, 

H. H. Rohrer Memorial Fund, 

(Overdrawn $24,991 05) 

Annual Report 103 

34. Statement of Cash. 

World-wide Fund, .* $ 990 04 

Church Extension Fund, 689 91 

India Fund 10,575 15 

China Fund, ' 3,893 92 

Special Funds 2,989 65 

Miscellaneous Funds, 13,336 02 

Special Support Funds, 171 11 

Interest Bearing Funds, $ 24,991 05 

Cash on hands, 7,654 75 

$ 32,645 80 $ 32,645 80 

Resources — 

Office Fixtures, $ 2,222 79 

Machinery, .-. 41,137 90 

Outfit, 12,198 47 

O. L. '13, 321 41 

O. L. '14, 307 29 

Accounts receivable, 9,852 23 

Merchandise, 12,806 48 

G. M., 558 64 

A Y. P., 58 50 

S. S. papers, 58 50 

Quarterlies, 36 00 

Job, 61,820 02 

T. M., 22 58 

Cash on hand Feb. 28, 1915, 12,909 94 

Notes receivable, 1,604 65 

G. M. P. F., 53 54 

Liabilities — 

Gospel Messenger, unexpired subscriptions, 

Out Young People, unexpired subscriptions, 

S. S. papers, unexpired subscriptions, 

Quarterlies, unexpired subscriptions, 

Teachers' Monthly, unexpired subscriptions, 

Gospel Messenger, E. F., .* 

New investment, exclusive of buildings, 

$155,968 94 

$ 18,998 32 

1,226 80 

687 57 

55 28 

667 60 

123 51 

$ 21,759 08 
134,209 86 

$155,968 94 

104 Annual Report 

Gish Publishing Fund. 

The Gish Publishing Fund, which is daily becoming of more service to our minis- 
ters, was made possible through the efforts of Brother and Sister Rufus Gish, whose 
pictures appear elsewhere in this report. After the death of Bro. Gish, leaving his 
fortune to his dear companion, Sister Gish desired to be relieved of the care of the 
money and at the same time to do a splendid enduring work. How wisely she acted 
is seen in the following record of the Gish Publishing Fund which their money estab- 
lished. Sister Gish was called home to glory on December 31, 1915. 

The Fund is governed by the following rules: 

Section 1. Name. — The name of this fund shall be the Gish Publishing Fund. 

Section 2. Fund. — This fund shall consist of the estate of James R. and Barbara 
Gish, estimated value, $50,000; with any other funds that may hereafter be adtJed to it. 

Section 3. Purpose.— The purpose of this fund shall be to supply the ministers of 
the Church of the Brethren with such books and other printed matter as may be helpful 
to them in advancing and maintaining the Truth. 

Section 4. Supervision. — The General Mission Board shall appoint a committee of 
three,, so arranged in term of office that the time of one member expires each year, 
whose duty it shall be 

(a) To examine and pass upon publications issued and distributed by this fund. 

(b) To arrange with the publication department for publication and distribution 
of publications selected. 

Section 5. Surplus. — Any surplus on hand at the end of the fiscal year of the Gen 
eral Mission Board shall, after proper allowance has been made for selected books not 
yet published, be turned over to the fund for superannuated and disabled ministers and 
missionaries; but should it not be needed in said fund, then it shall be given to the 
World-wide Mission Fund. 

Section 6. Terms. — The publications shall be distributed free or at greatly reduced 
rates, at no time the price asked being more than the cost of publication, including the 
expense for delivery. 

Section 7. Report. — The General Mission Board shall cause to be published an 
annual report of the fund, including the list of books published and the number of 
copies distributed each year. 

Record of Book Distribution. 

Previously Sent Out Total to 
Sent Out. During 1915. Date. 

♦Annual Meeting Minutes, 937 . . . 937 

Alone with God, 2,069 111 2,180 

Bible Dictionary, 2,108 82 2,190 

fBible Manners and Customs, 1,967 14 1,981 

Bible Readings and Studies, 1,231 91 1,322 

Bible Atlas, 1,374 70 1,444 

Blaikie's Bible History, 739 100 839 

fBook of Books 2,340 50 2,390 

*Bound Tracts, 2,499 . . . 2,499 

*Bulwarks of the Faith, ' 703 ... 703 

Character of Jesus, 542 108 650 

^Contagion of Character, 466 151 617 

Cruden's Concordance, 1,924 69 1,993 

Doctrine of the Brethren Defended, 1,464 58 1,522 

♦Divinity of Christ, 3,000 . . . 3,000 

Eternal Verities, 2,586 41 2,627 

How to Master the English Bible, 1,557 68 1,625 

History of the Brethren, 1,392 68 1,460 

♦History of Preaching, Vol. I, 525 75 600 

♦History of Preaching, Vol. II, 275 105 380 

♦Life of John Kline, 1,145 . . . 1,145 

Life of Christ, 2 Vols., Edersheim, 1,645 50 1,695 

•{•Lord's Supper, . . . . , 3,337 59 3,396 

Man and His Money, 330 330 

Annual Report 105 

Modern Secret Societies 2,497 

^Pastoral and Personal Evangelism, '...... 453 

Preacher and His Models, 

Preparation and Delivery of Sermons, 

Problem of the Old Testament, 450 

Problems of Pulpit and Platform 1,420 

Quiet Talks on Following the Christ, 

*Resurrection of Christ, 1,000 

Roman Catholicism Capitulating, etc., 474 

Seven Churches of Asia, 1,271 

Sick, Dying and Dead, 1,751 

♦Square Talk about Inspiration of Bible, 2,485 

♦Sunday School Commentary, 8,937 

♦Schaff's History of Christian Church, Vol. I, 877 

*Schaff's History of Christian Church, Vol. II, 700 

*Schaff's History of Christian Church, Vol. Ill, 384 

$Schaff's History of Christian Church, Vol. IV, 

♦Schaff's History of Christian Church, Vol. VI, 541 

f Teacher Training with Master Teacher, 1,528 

Thirty-Three Years of Missions, 

The Twelve Apostles, 1,799 

*Nave's Topical Bible, 688 

•{-Topical Text Book, 1,901 

Trine Immersion, 2,622 

Universalism, 1,397 

tWar vs. Peace 814 

Young Preacher, 1,782 

Pamphlets on International Peace, 

Totals 71,596 7,775 79,371 




















































*No longer distributed on Fund. 

JTo be taken from list February 28, 1917. 

fDistribution ceases with books on hand. 

It will be seen from the foregoing table that the Gish Publishing Fund does not 
confine the good that it does to the distribution of books to the ministry. Twenty per 
cent of the income of the Gish Fund goes to assist needy missionaries, ministers or 
the widows of such, under the rules of the Ministerial and Missionary Relief Fund. 
Nearly $10,000 has thus been spent since the foundation of the fund. 

It will likewise be noted that the expenses of administration of the Fund have 
•been very low. This is made possible through the members of the Committee living 
close together, traveling expenses thus being reduced to the minimum. 

The Gish Fund is a good example of what a permanent fund will produce in in- 
come. The Fund itself amounts to something slightly over $56,000. In the seventeen 
years' time during which the Fund has been in existence almost as much has been ex- 
pended for work as there was originally in the fund, besides supplying Sister Gish with 
a comfortable income. The annuity which has heretofore been paid to Sister Gish, 
$1,000, now is released to assist in the provisions of the Fund. 

Changes in Books. 

At the beginning of this present year seven books were taken from the list, viz.: 
Schaff's History of the Christian Church, Vol. IV, Funk's War vs. Peace, Torrey's 
Topical Text Book, Mackie's Bible Manners and Customs, Gray's Book of Books, 
Beardslee's Teacher Training with the Master Teacher, and Gibson's Lord's Supper. 

Six new books were added to the list in place of these, viz.: Schaff's History of 
the Christian Church, Vol. V, Part I, price to our ministers, 90c; Gordon's Quiet Talks 
on John's Gospel, 20c; Meyer's Expository Preaching, Plans and Methods, 20c; Hast- 


Annual Report 

ings' Doctrine of Prayer, 60c; Hillis' A Man's Value to Society, 20c, and Stalker's The 
Life of St. Paul. 

A leaflet giving the list of books now available, with prices, descriptions and other 
information, can be obtained from the Brethren Publishing House, upon application. 

It has been the policy of the committee in the past to retain on the list practically 
all of the books adopted in previous years. This policy is being changed to one of in- 
serting a book for a few years and then taking it off to make room for another. After 
the experiences of the years in caring for the book needs of our ministers, this policy 
appears to be the better. It thus allows our active ministry to be constantly receiving 
new books. 

And yet with all the advertising of the committee it is marvelous how many min- 
isters we have among us who fail to take advantage of the many books offered! We 
wonder sometimes if it can be true that we have a large number of ministers who fail 
to try to keep pace in any measure with the religious thought of the times through the 
medium of new books. 

Administration of the Fund. 

The following table gives, in a brief way, some statistics concerning the income 
from the Gish estate, and the personnel of the. committee since organization: 

Year Ending 

in Books. 

Passed to 


Members of 

March 31 

Min. and Miss. 
Relief Fund. 



f L. T. Holsinger 


$ 400 00 

i A. H. Puterbaugh 
[J. H. Moore 


1,544 83 

$ 500 00 

$ 9 40 

Same as above 


3,407 34 

50 00 

u a it 


1,987 11 


16 95 

it it it 

fL. T. Holsinger 


4,145 19 

981 49 

14 00 

\ J. E. Miller 
[j. H. Moore 


2,572 32 

827 55 

8 95 

Same as above 
f L. T. Holsinger 


2,354 63 

512 80 

3 45 

\ T. E. Miller 
[J, W. Wayland 

[ Grant Manan 


1,702 39 

772 91 

45 43 

\ J. E. Miller 
[J. W. Wayland 


2,667 72 

530 33 

49 55 

Same as above 


3,459 75 

681 91 

it It 11 

f J. W. Wayland 


829 79 

472 42 

i J. E. Miller 

[J. H. B. Williams 

| J. E. Miller 


2,489 24 

456 85 

8 60 

\ J. H. B. Williams 
[I. B. Trout 

fj. H. B. Williams 


3,049 41 

430 94 

3 42 

<j I. B. Trout 
[J. E. Miller 


2,231 61 

447 84 

Same as above 


1,261 30 

464 72 


<< a << 


1,554 69 

464 72 

5 61 

(< << it 
fj. E. Miller 


2,886 50 

464 72 

7 55 

\ J. W. Lear 

I J. H. B. Williams 


3,357 78 

464 72 

5 10 

Same as above 

$41,901 60 

$ 9,715 19 

$ 230 23 

Annual Report 107 

List of Books on the Fund at Present and Available for Distribution. 

Regular To 
Price Minister's 

A Man's Value to Society, Hillis $ 1 20 $ 20 

A Man and His Money, Calkins 1 00 25 

Alone With God, 75 15 

Bible Atlas, Hurlbut, 2 75 60 

Bible Dictionary, Smith and Peloubet, 2 00 25 

Bible History, Blaikie, 1 50 30 

Bible Readings and Bible Studies, Rosenberger, 35 10 

Contagion of Character, Hillis, 1 20 20 

Cruden's Concordance 1 00 30 

Character of Jesus, Bushnell, 60 15 

Doctrine of the Brethren Defended, Miller, 65 20 

Doctrine of Prayer, Hastings, 3 00 60 

Edersheim's Life and Times of Jesus the Messiah, 2 Vols 2 00 75 

Eternal Verities, D. L. Miller, 1 25 20 

Expository Preaching, Plans and Methods, Meyer, 1 00 20 

How to Master the English Bible, Gray, 50 10 

History of the Brethren, Brumbaugh, 2 (X) 50 

History of the Christian Church, Vol. IV, Schafr", 4 00 90 

History of the Christian Church, Vol. V, Part I, Schafr 3 85 90 

Life of St. Paul, Stalker, 60 15 

Modern Secret Societies, Blanchard, .* . 75 15 

On the Preparation and Delivery of Sermons, Broadus, 1 50 35 

Preacher and His Models, Stalker, 1 25 20 

Pastoral and Personal Evangelism, Goodell, 1 00 20 

Problems of the Pulpit, Culler, 75 15 

Problem of the Old Testament, Orr, 1 50 25 

Quiet Talks on Following the Christ, Gordon, 75 20 

Quiet Talks on John's Gospel, Gordon, 75 20 

Roman Catholicism Capitulating. Fradryssa, 1 00 20 

Seven Churches of Asia, D. L. Miller, 75 20 

The Sick, the Dying and the Dead, J. G. Royer, 40 10 

Thirty-Three Years of Missions, Galen B. Royer, 1 75 50 

The Twelve Apostles, Wayland, 75 15 

Trine Immersion, Quinter 90 20 

Universalism Against Itself, 75 20 

Young Preacher, The, Cuyler, 50 15 

$46 25 $10 40 

The Needs of the Gish Fund Committee. 

The foregoing is a brief history of the activities of a fortune of slightly more than 
$50,000. The record has been splendid, but the good accomplished by such a fund 
would be far greater if the committee had a greater income. We know there are many 
in the Brotherhood that desire their money to go to a worthy work when they are 
gone to their reward, or possibly before, and hence we supply the following form of 
bequest, thinking perchance that it may fall under the eye of thoughtful people. Better 
still than making a bequest, the General Mission Board will allow the same terms of 
annuity to donors to the Gish Fund as they will allow to their regular world-wide mis- 
sion fund, so that you can turn your money in to us while living and enjoy the income 
and at your death the money will go into a most worthy channel. 

Form of Bequest. 

I also give and bequeath to the Gish Publishing Fund of the Church of the Breth- 
ren, the sum of as endowment, the income to be used in com- 
pliance with the rules governing that Fund. 


The Missionary Visitor 



During, the month of April the General Mis- 
sion Board sent out 100,631 pages of tracts. 

During April the General Board received the 
following donations: 


Penn sy 1 vania — $308.11. 

Western District, Congregation. 

Rummel, $ 100 

Christian Workers, 

Pike, Middle Creek, , 3 26 


Susan Rouzer, Dunnings Creek, $5; 
Alvin G. Faust (marriage notice), 50 
cents; B. F. Waltz (marriage notice), 

50 cents, 6 00 

Middle District, Congregations. 

Lewistown, $18.87; Spring Run, $8.16, 27 03 

Serena Rupert, Spring Run, $5; Thos. 

Harden and Family, $1, 6 00 

Eastern District, Congregations. 

Mingo, $34.72; Elizabethtown, $93.- 
89; Annville, $13.25; Sprangville, $16; 
West Conestoga, $17.80; Kidgely, $13.45; 
White Oak, $21.24; Spring Grove, $2.87, 213 22 

I. W. Taylor (marriage notice), 50 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Sugar Valley, 2 41 

Christian Workers. 

Free Spring, Lost Creek, 75 


Solomon Strauser, $6.30; Alice Miller, 
$5; Mattie F. Hollinger, $2; Mrs. B. E. 

Byers, $1, 14 30 

Southeastern District, Congregation. 

Coventry, 33 64 

Illinois— $110.28. 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Mt. Morris, $62.66; Franklin Grove, 

$31.80 ; Cherry Grove, $7.32 101 78 


John Spahr, $5; J. J. Johnson (mar- 
riage notice), 50 cents; Geo. Puterbaugh, 
$1; Charlotte Colwell, 50 cents; Un- 
known, Chicago, $1 8 00 

Southern District, Individual. 

Fannie Bucher (marriage notice),.. 50 

Iowa— $70.55. 
Northern District, Individuals. 

Samuel Fike, $12; William H. Pyle 
(marriage notice), 50 cents; Individual's, 

Curlew, $10, , 22 50 

Middle District, Sunday-school. 

Panther Creek, 9 64 

Christian Workers. 

Panther Creek 3 75 

Sisters' Bible Class, Dallas Center, .. 9 66 


Susan Erb, Deceased 10 00 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 

South Keokuk, 5 00 


Elizabeth Gable 10 00 

Kansas— $70.10. 

Northwestern District, Sunday-school. 

Pleasant View, 26 45 

Northeastern District, Congregation. 

Ozawkie 2 82 


Appanoose 5 05 

Christian Workers. 

Appanoose. $3.32; Overbrook, $1.96; 

Olathe, $9.50, 14 78 


J. W. Fishburn, $10; Johanna Jolitz, 

$2, 12 00 

Southwestern District, Individuals. 

A brother, $8; N. E. Baker (marriage 
notice). 50 cents; W. H. Yoder (mar- 
riage notice) , 50 cents, 9 00 

Indiana — $52.16. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Yellow River, $ 

Class No. 3, Turkey Creek, 


Nora M. Shively, $5; C. Walter War- 
stler (marriage notice), 50 cents; Cyrus 
Steele (marriage notice), 50 cents; K. K., 
$5; J. H. Fike (marriage notice), 50 
cents; Mr. and Mrs. Fred Lamedee, 

$L • 

Middle District, Christian Workers. 

Ogans Creek, 


Mary Kitchel, $10; R. E. Armentrout, 
$1; John W. Root (marriage notice), 

52 cents, 

Southern District, Christian Workers. 

Locuist Grove, Nettle Creek, $7.18; 

Brick, $2.60, 


Jas. A. and J. F. Byer, $2.33; A. T. 
Loveless, $1; Mrs. David Miller, $2; F. 
A. McGuire, $1; Frank E. Hay (mar- 
riage notice) , 50 cents. i 

Montana— $50.50. 

Mr. and Mrs. A. C. Thompson, $50; 
Wm. H. Eiler (marriage notice), 50 


Virginia— $45.11. 

First District, Individual. 

Alex. Evans, W. Virginia, 

Second District, Individuals. 

J. W. Wright, $2; B. F. Miller, 25 


Northern District, Congregation. 

Pleasant View, 

Christian Workers. 

Cedar Grove, $6.65; Smiths Creek, 

Cooks, $1 


R. L. Cooper, $5; William Wagerv, 
West Virginia, $5; L. Sue Kiracofe, $4; 
S. I. Bowman (marriage notice), 50 

cents ; Bettie F. Lamb, $1, 

Eastern District, Individuals. 

A brother and sister, Fairfax, $5; Mrs. 

J. A. Forester, 60 cents, 

Ohio— $44.00. 

Northwestern District, Congregation. 

Black Swamp, 


Lydia Fried, $10; Philip Kesler, $1. 
Northeastern District, Individuals. 

Isadora S. Lichty, $5; H. H. Helman 
(marriage notice), 50 cents; A. F. Shriv- 
er (marriage notice), 50 cents; A broth- 
er, $5 ; A brother and sister. $3 

Southern District, Christian Workers. 

Beech Grove, 


Elias Stauffer, $1.20; Katie Beath, $1: 
Van B. Wright (marriage notice), 50 

cents ; A brother and sister, $10, 

North Dakota — $22.32. 
Christian Workers. 

Surrey, $15; Kenmare, $6.32 


W. A. Deardorff (marriage notice). 50 
cents; D. T. Dierdorff (marriage notice), 

50 cents, 

Canada — $16.00. 

Western District, Sunday-school. 



S. and F. Beeghly, 

Maryland— $13.24. 

Middle District, Congregation. 

Longrmeadow, Beaver Creek, 


Delia M. Galor, 


The Missionary Visitor 


Eastern District, Congregation. 

Woodberry . $ 7 50 

California— $12.95. 

Northern District, Individual. 

D. L. Forney, Reedley, 6 60 

1 Southern District, Congregation. 

Covina, 6 35 

West Virginia— $17.00. 
First District, Individuals. 

Jos. Rembold, German Settlement, $10; 

Mattie E. Sites, 50 cents, 10 50 

Second District, Individuals. 

S. M. Annon, $1; Naoma D. Gainer, 

50 cents, 1 50 

Washington — $15.00, 

Four Individuals, 15 00 

Minnesota — $11.00. 

Lewiston, 10 03 


Mrs. Jonathan Broadwater, 1 00 

Colorado — $5.32. 

Northeastern District, Individuals. 

Maud Dick, $1 ; S. G. Nickey (marriage 

notice) , 50 cents, 1 50 

Southeastern District, Congregation. 

Wiley, 3 82 

Missouri — $5.00. 

Middle District, Individual. 

A. Wampler 5 00 

South Dakota — $2.00. 

J. G. Hazlett 2 00 

Idaho— $2.00. 

A Sister 2 00 

New Jersey — $1.00. 

A sister, 1 00 

Arkansas — $1.00. 

A sister, Springdale, 1 00 

Cuba — $1.00. 

To the memory of a son, Omaja, ... 1 00 

Nebraska — $1.00. 

Wm. McGaffey, S. Beatrice 1 00 

Oklahoma — $1.00. 

E. J. Smith (marriage notice), 50 

cents; Marshall Ennis, 50 cents, 1 00 

Total for the month, $ 877 64 

Previously received, 837 91 

For the year so far, $ 1,715 55 


Pennsylvania — $45.42. 

Western District, Sunday-school. 

Walnut Grove $ 14 42 

Eastern District, Individual. 

Sadie Royer, Springville 5 00 

Southern District, Individuals. 

A Sister, $1 ; UnknoAvn, $25, 26 00 

Idaho — $10.00. 

Brother and Sister M. E. Bowers, .. 10 00 

Texas — $5.00. 

J. H. Brillhart, 5 00 

Iowa — $5.00. 

Southern District, Individual. 

Elizabeth Gable, 5 00 

Illinois — $0.65. 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Lamotte Prairie 65 

Total for the month $ 66 07 

Previously received 38 67 

For the year so far $ 104 74 


Ohio— $75.90. 

Northeastern District, Sunday-school. 

Canton City, $ 20 00 

Southern District, Congregation. 

^ew Carlisle, 3 90 

Aid Societv. 

Poplar Grove 32 00 


A brother and sister, Harris Creek, . . 20 00 

Indiana — $30.75. 
Middle District, Sunday-school. 

Flora, 30 75 

Canada — $20.00. 

Western District, Sunday-school. 

Keithville Union, 20 00 

North Dakota — $20.00. 
Christian Workers. 

Egeland, 20 00 

Virginia — $20.00. 

Northern District, Aid Society. 

Dayton, Cooks Creek, 20 00 

Pennsylvania— $20.00. 

Eastern District, Sunday-school. 

Lebanon Midway, 20 00 

Michigan — $16.00. 

Crystal, $8 ; Sunfield, $8, 16 00 

Oregon— $10.00. 

Newberg, 10 00 

Kansas — $6.00. 

Northwestern Dist., Christian Workers. 

Quinter, 6 00 

Colorado — Sl.OO. 

Northeastern District, Individual. 

A sister, 1 00 

Total for the month, $ 219 65 

Previously received 140 89 

For the year so far, $ 360 54 


Pennsylvania — $135.85. 

Western District. 

Willing Workers' Class, Pike, Broth- 
ers Valley $ 25 00 

Middle District, Sunday-school. 

Spring Run, 5 00 


Sister J. C. Miller, Tyrone 2 50 

Eastern District, Sunday-schools. 

Annville. $23.75; Mechanic Grove. $17.- 
31; Heidelberg. Tulpehocken. $18.50: 
Myerstown, Tulpehocken. $13.66; Rich- . 

land, Tulpehocken, $30.13 ' 103 35 

North Dakota — $10.00. 

York, Pleasant Valley, 10 00 

Total for the month $ 145 85 

Previously received 216 60 

For the year so far $ 362 45 


Ohio— $20.00. 

Northwestern District, Sunday-school. 

Sugar Grove. Green Spring, $ 15 00 

Southern District. Individuals. 

A Brother and "Sister 5 00 

Pennsylvania — $10.00. 

Southeastern District, Sunday-'school. 

Royersford 10 00 

South Dakota — $4.00. 

A brother and sister 4 00 

Iowa — $2.50. 

Middle District, Individual. 

Lydia Ommen, 2 50 

Total for the month $ 36 50 

Previously received 78 00 

For the year so far, $ 114 50 


The Missionary Visitor 



California— $45.00. 

Southern District, Aid Societies. 

Lordsburg, $10; Glendora, $5; Pomo- 
na, $5; Los Angeles (Bast Side), $5; 
Long Beach, $5; Los Angeles (South 
Side), $5; Pasadena, $5; Covina, $5, ... 45 00 

Io war— $25.00. 
Northern District, Sunday-school. 

Greene, Birthday Offering, ^5 00 

Penn sy lvania — $7 .50. 

Eastern District, Individuals. 

A brother and sister, 7 5U 

Ohio— $5.00. 

Southern District, Individuals. 

A brother and sister 5 uu 

Total for the month, $ 82 50 

Previously received, lo uu 

For the year 'so far $ 97 50 


Missouri— $15.00. 

Northern District, Aid Society. 

Dorcas, Rockingham, B W 

North Rockingham, Mission Circle,.. 10 OU 
Pennsylvania— $11.00. 
Eastern District, Aid Society. 

Lebanon, Midway, 5 00 

Southern District, Individual. 

a sister ^^ 

Southeastern District, Aid Society. 

Coventry, & uu 

Indiana— $10.00. 

Northern District, Christian Workers. 

Elkhart, Goshen and South Bend, . . 10 00 

Ohio— $2.50. 
Northeastern District, Individual. . 

Mrs. Jackson Bechtel, 2 50 

Total for the month, $ 38 50 

Previously received 30 00 

For the year so far, $ 68 50 


Nebraska— $8.40. 

Congregation. ' 
Falls City, $ 8 40 

Iowa— $5.00. 

Southern District, Individual. 

Elizabeth Gable, 5 00 

Total for the month, : $ 13 40 

For the year so far, 13 40 

Pennsylvania— $30.00. 

Southern District, Individuals. 

A sister, $1 ; Unknown, $25 26 00 

Eastern District, Individual. 

Sadie Royer, Springville, 4 00 

Maryland — $13.00. 

Middle District, Christian Workers. 

Maugansville, Welsh Run 13 00 

Indiana— $12.06. 

Northern District, Individual. 

L. Ecker, 1 00 

Southern District, Christian Workers. 

Pyrmont, 11 06 

Kansas — $10.65. 

Northwestern District, Congregation. 

Dorrance, 7 65 , 

Northeastern Di'st., Christian Workers. 

Sabetha, 3 00 

California— $9.72. 

Southern District, Congregation. 

South Los Angeles, 9 72 

Texas — $5.00. 

J. H. Brillhart, 5 00 

Ohio— $3.00. 

Southern District, Individual. 

J. E. Etter, 3 00 

Illinois — $3.15. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Mt. Morris, $ 2 50 

Southern District, Congregation. 

LaMotte Prairie, 65 

Total for the month, $ 86 58 

Previously received 52 50 

For the year so far, $ 139 08 


Ohio— $42.00. 

Northeastern District, Aid Society. 

Owl Creek $ 22 00 

Southern District, Individuals. 

A brother and sister, Harris Creek, 20 00 
Canada — $22.00. 
Western District, Sunday-schooJ. 

Keithville Union, 22 00 

Indiana — $12.00. 

Northern District, Individual. 

L. Ecker 1 00 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 

Four Mile, Primary, 11 00 

Michigan— $11.00. 
Aid Societv. 

Woodland ■ 11 00 

Oregon — $5.00. 

Evergreen, Myrtle Point, 5 00 

Iowa — $5.00. 

Southern District. Individual. 

Elizabeth Gable, 5 00 

Virginia— $1.31. 

Eastern District, Individual. 

Albert Wine, Fairfax, 1 31 

Total for the month, $ 98 31 

Previously received, 48 30 

For the year so far, $ 146 61 

Penn sylvania — $10.00. 

Middle District, Sunday-school. 

Spring Run $ 5 00 

Southeastern District, Aid Society. 

Coventry, 5 00 

North Dakota — $5.00. 

York, Pleasant Valley, 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 15 00 

Previously received, 2 00 

For the year so far $ 17 00 


Ohio— $5.00. 

Northeastern District, Individual. 

Isadora S. Lichty, 5 00 

North Dakota — $5.00. 

York, Pleasant Valley, 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 10 00 

Previously received, 5 74 

For the year so far, $ 15 74 


Pennsylvania— $28.80. 

Middle District, Sunday-school. 

Tyrone, 8 80 

Eastern District, Sunday-school. 

Frystown, Little Swatara, 10 00 

Southeastern District, Sunday-school. 

Royersf ord, 10 00 

Ohio— $20.00. 

Northwestern District, Sunday-school. 

Sugar Grove, Green Spring, 15 00 

Southern District. 

Helping Hand Class, Ft. McKinley, . . 5 00 

Iowa — $7.90. 

Middle District, Individual. 

Lydia Ommen, 2 50 


The Missionary Visitor 


Southern District, Individual. 

Elizabeth Gable, $ 5 00 

Maryland— S5.00. 

Middle District, Christian Workers. 

Brownsville, 5 00 

Canada— $2.00. 

Western District. Sunday-school. 

Keithville Union 2 00 

Indiana — $1.50. 

Middle District, Individual. 

A brother, 1 50 

Total for the month, $ 64 80 

Previously received, 68 00 

For the year so far, $ 132 80 


Ohio— $10.00. 

Southern District. Individuals. 

A brother and sister, $ 10 00 

Indiana— $2.00. 
Northern District. 

To the memory of Maude Ecker Leon- 
ard, 1 00 


Mrs. L. Ecker, 1 00 

Virginia— $2.00. 

Eastern District. Individuals. 

A brother and sister, Fairfax, 2 00 

Total for the month, $ 14 00 

For the year so far, 14 00 


Ohio— $10.00. 

Southern District. 

A brother and sister, 10 00 

Indiana — $1.00. 
Northern District. 

To the memory of Maude Ecker Leon- 
ard, 1 00 

Total for the month, $ 1100 

For the year so far, 11 00 


Pennsylvania — $1.00. 

Southern District, Individual. 
A sister $ 100 

Total for the month, $ 1 00 

For the year so far 1 00 

Pennsylvania — Sl.OO. 

Southern District, Individual. 
A Sister, $ 1 00 

Total for the month, $ 1 00 

Previously received, 20 00 

For the year so far $ 21 00 


Maryland— $3.00. 
Eastern District, Individual. 
W. H. Swam $ 

Total for the month, $ 

Previously received 

For the year so far, $ 


Ohio— $88.00. 

Northwestern District, Sunday-schools. 

Sugar Grove, Green Spring, $ 

Northeastern District, Sunday-school. 


Zion Hill, Mahoning Missionary Soci- 


C. Young 

Southern District. 

Willing Workers Class, New Car- 


A Sister, 

Pennsylvania — $15.00. 

Middle District, Sunday-school. 

Spring Run, 


Anna Cox 

Eastern District, Congregation. 


Southern District, Individual. 

Mattie F. Hollinger, 

Virginia— $10.00. 

Second District. Aid Society. 

Beaver Creek, 

Kansas — $10.00. 

Southwestern District, Aid Society. 


Iowa — $6.00. 

Northern District. Individual. 

J. T. Eikenberry, 

Michigan — $5.00. 

M. B. Williams, 

Maryland— $4.00. 

Middle District, Aid Society. 



A Brother, 

Oklahoma — $1.00. 

Ella Garst 

3 00 

3 00 
13 40 

16 40 

25 00 

23 00 

25 00 

10 00 

2 00 

3 00 

10 00 

1 00 

3 00 

1 00 

10 00 

10 00 

6 00 

5 00 

2 00 
2 00 

1 00 

Total for the month $ 139 00 

Previously received, 186 94 

For the year so far, $ 325 94 


The Missionary Visitor 



C. A. Wright. 

June 11-17.— DENMARK. 

Rejoice in the success and growth of our 
Danish mission. 

Pray for Bro. Wine and his family — for 
their health, for their safety, for every 
needed blessing. 

Thank God for the influence and labors of 
Bro. Wine and his family, which brought 
forth the words of appreciation which 
were in a recent issue of the Messenger. 

Pray for all who have left the State church 
and joined free churches. 

Pray for the growing Sunday-schools in the 
various congregations. 

Pray for the Sisters' Aid Society and thank 
God for the good it is doing. Bro. J. 
Olsen says of this: "My prayer is that 
God may give His Holy Spirit to those 
who take part in this worl^." 

For our Danish brethren and sisters, pray 
for strength to enable them to stand firm 
in the perilous times through which they 
are now passing. 

June 18-24.— SWEDEN. 

(Sent by Bro. J. F. Graybill.) 

1. Thank the Lord: 

For health of the past. 

For victories won. 

For the souls that have been saved. 

2. Pray for the membership: 
For growth in faith and grace. 
For greater zeal with knowledge. 

For deeper consecration of life and 


For growth in the contributions to the 

Malmo Church Building Fund which has 

been established with a subscription of 

1500 crowns. 

3. Pray for the conversion: 

Of the unconverted in our Junior and 

Young People's Organizations. 

Of our S. S. children who have reached 

the age of accountability. 

Of those who for some time have been 

counting the cost. 

4. Pray that the Lord may raise up able 
native workers for S. S. and church 

5. Pray for the reestablishing of the work 
in Stockholm: 

For means to finance the work. 

For a brother and wife and a missionary 

sister to head the work. 

6. Pray that the family who has offered its 
service for Sweden may be sent to this 
part of the Lord's vineyard. 

7. Pray for $25,000 to put the Malmo mis- 
sion on a working basis that will coi 
mand the respect of a class of people re 
quired to build up the work of the Lor< 

June 25-July 1.— LIAO CHOU, CHINA. 

Pray for the young converts that they m; 
grow strong and stable in their Christhi 

Pray that the missionaries be sustaine< 
during the hot season coming on. 

For the native Christian leaders. 

That a missionary practical builder be se- 
cured for China, for such a worker is 
needed so much just now. 

The schools will be out in June. Pray for 
the boys and girls that as they go back 
to their respective homes they may hold 
out faithful and exert the right kind of 

Pray that the experiences of the native 
Christians may cause them to grow, and 
shed a good light for others. 

Praise God for the new Boys' School build- 
ing at Liao Chow. 

Pray for Dr. Brubaker, in his hospital and 
dispensary work. 

Pray for Bro. Jung Hsi Ch'uan, who has en- 
tered a Nurses' Training School to be- 
come a trained nurse and then assist Dr. 

July 2-8.— PING TING HSIEN. 

The first six requests for Liao Chou were 
given by Bro. Crumpacker, who says they 
arc applicable to Ping Ting Hsien also. 

Pray that the work at Ping Ting Hsien may 
move along nicely during the absence of 
Brother and Sister Crumpacker. 

Be thankful for the good work done in the 
Girls' School. 

General Mission Board 

of the Church of the Brethren 


D. L. MILLER, Mt. Morris, 111., Life Advisory Member. 

H. C. EARLY, Penn Laird, Va. 

CHAS. D. BONSACK, New Windsor, Md. 

J. J. TODER, McPherson, Kans. 

GALEN B. ROYER, Elgin, 111. 

OTHO WINGER, North Manchester, Ind. 


H. C. EARLY, Chairman. 

CHAS. D. BONSACK, Vice-Chairman. GALEN B. ROYER, Secretary-Treasurer. 

J. H. B. WILLIAMS, Ass't Secretary and Editor the Missionary Visitor. 



Wine, A. F Aagade 26, 2 Sal, Aalborg, Denmark 

Wine, Attie C Aagade 26, 2 Sal, Aalborg, Denmark 


Buckingham, Ida, Friisgatan No. 2, Malmo, Sweden 

Graybill, J. F Friisgatan No. 2, Malmo, Sweden 

Gray bill, Alice M., Friisgatan No. 2, Malmo, Sweden 


Blough, Anna V., Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Bright J. Homer, Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Bright, Minnie, Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Brubaker, Dr. O. G Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Brubaker, Cora M., Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Crumpacker, F. H. (on furlough), Care Gen. Miss. Board, Elgin, 111. 

Crumpacker, Anna N. (on furlough), Care Gen. Miss. Board, Elgin, 111. 

Cripe, Winnie, Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Flory, Raymond C, Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Flory, Lizzie N., Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Horning, Emma, Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Hutchison, Anna, Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Metzger, Minerva, Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Rider, Bessie M., Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Senger, Nettie M Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Vaniman, Ernest D Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Vaniman, Susie C, Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Wampler, Dr. Fred J., Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Wampler, Rebecca S., Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 


Arnold, S. Ira Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Arnold, Elizabeth, Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Blough, J. M Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Blough, Anna Z Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Cottrell, Dr. A. Raymond, Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Cottrell, Dr. Laura M Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Ebey, Adam Karadoho, via Dahanu, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Ebey, Alice K Karadoho, via Dahanu, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Emmert, Jesse B., Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India 

Emmert, Gertrude R., Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India 

Eby, E. H. (on furlough) , 122 N. 76th St., Seattle, Wash. 

Eby, Mrs. Emma H. (on furlough) 122 N. 76th St., Seattle, Wash. 

Eby, Anna M., Dahanu, Thana Dist., B. B. C- I- R- R-, India 

Himmelsbaugh, Ida (on furlough), McPherson Hospital. McPherson, Kansas 

Holsopple, Q. A., Umalla Village, B. B. C. I. R. R., via Anklesvar, India 

Holsopple, Kathren R., Umalla Village, B. B. C. I. R. R., via Anklesvar, India 

Kaylor, John I., Vada, Thana Dist., India 

Kay lor, Rosa Vada, Thana Dist., India 

Lichty, Daniel J., Umalla Village, B. B. C. I. R. R., via Anklesvar, India 

Lichty, Nora A., Umalla Village, B. B. C. I. R. R., via Anklesvar, India 

Long, I. S Vyara, Surat Dist., India 

Long, Erne V., Vyara, Surat Dist., India 

Miller, Eliza B. (on furlough), R. F. D. 2, Waterloo, Iowa 

Miller, Sadie J., Vyara, Surat Dist., India 

Nickey, Dr. Barbara M., Dahanu, Thana Dist., B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Pittenger, J. M., Ahwa, Dangs Forest, via Bilimora, India 

Pittenger, Florence B Ahwa, Dangs Forest, via Bilimora, India 

Powell. Josephine, Vada, Thana Dist., India 

Royer, B. Mary, Dahanu, Thana Dist., B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Ross, A. W., Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Ross, Mrs. A. W., Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Stover, W. B Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Stover, Mrs. W. B Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Shumaker, Ida C, Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Widdowson, Olive, Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Ziegler, Kathryn (on furlough) , Royersford, Pa. 

Postage on letters to our missionaries is 5c for each ounce or fraction thereof and 3c for 
each additional ounce or fraction. 


















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»— « 











Are You Realizing a Fair 
Income on Your Money? 

Is your farm paying you a profit, in any- 
wise commensurate with the amount of 
money you have invested in it ? 

your desire to invest in institutions or properties that may wonderfully 
enhance in value, or have you arrived at that period of life or that con- 
dition of independence where you wish your money to earn you a fair 
rate of interest, with a sure and steady income? 

If You Desire a Certain Rate of Income, — An Income as Large as You 

Can Reasonably Expect Your Money to Earn You, — Why Not 

Investigate More Fully the Details of Our Annuity Plan? 

Our Annuity Plan has stood the test of YEARS. 
Our Annuitants all vote in its favor. 

Worth Your Consideration 

The wisest provision for 
old age is the investment of 
funds, when still in good 
health, in an institution that 
has stood the test of years, 
which has a clean record, a 
substantial standing, stabili- 
ty of assets, a specified in- 
come commensurate with the 
fair earning power of money; 
and which promises, with the 
above requirements, the min- 
imum of worry, .trouble and 

The following amounts have been 
paid by us in annuities since the 
plan was inaugurated in 1896 

1897 % 1,501.76 

1898 4,081.49 

1899 4,889.61 

1900 5,536.77 

1901 7,111.92 

1902 8,097.74 

1903 10,204.24 

1904 11,560.26 

1905 12,871.08 

1906 13,248.00 

1907 15,073.63 

1908 15,813.66 

1909 15,802.93 

1910 17,513.69 

1911 19,255.82 

1912 21,320.15 

1913 23,621.71 

1914 26,717.86 

1916 31,360.72 

Total $265,583.04 

Some Advantages of Our Annuity Plan 

Your investment is secure. 
There is no trouble in collections. 
No loss of time in the investment. 
No depreciation of investment. 
Income is sure. No taxes. 

You are your own executor. 
No speculation in investment. 
Your money is invested in first 

mortgages on farm real estate. 
Provision is made for old age. 

Your investment assists in carrying the Gospel to the whole world. 

The plan through which you invest with us is easy. A postcard in- 
quiry will reveal it all to you. 

Are you interested? 

General Mission Board 

Why not write us? 

Elgin, Illinois 

• " '■ 




New Workers for the Foreign Field 

A group of the outgoing missionaries at Winona Lake, along with several connected 
with the General Mission Board. 

Back Row: Left to right: A. R. Coffman, Mrs. Carrie Coffman, Goldie Swartz, H. C. 
Early, J. H. B. Williams, D. L. Miller, Jennie' Mohler, Andrew T. Hoffert. 

Front Row: I. E. Oberholtzer, Mrs. Elizabeth Oberholtzer, Laura J. Shock, Mrs. 
Kathryn Garner. H. P. Garner, Galen B. Rover. 

Because of illness Brother and Sister Arthur Sellers who are to go to India could not 
be present in the picture. 

The Missionary Visitor 




The subscription price is included in EACH donation of a dollar or more to the 
General Board, either direct or thru any congregational collection, provided the 
dollar or more is given by one individual and in no way combined with another's 
gift. Different members of the same family may each give a dollar or more, and 
extra subscriptions, thus secured, may upon request be sent to persons who they 
know will be interested in reading the Visitor. 

Ministers. In consideration of their services to the church, influence in assist- 
ing the Committee to raise missionary money, and upon their request annually, 
the Visitor will be sent to ministers of the Chur